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1.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552244

RESUMO

Introdução: A comunicação é reconhecida como uma habilidade central por vários órgãos reguladores internacionais da educação médica. O ensino específico de habilidades de comunicação é fundamental para melhorar a comunicação dos médicos. As técnicas experienciais mostraram superioridade em comparação com os modelos tradicionais. A utilização de consultas reais ajuda os estudantes a visualizar melhor as suas competências de entrevista e a refletir sobre elas. Com os avanços da tecnologia, o uso de consultas médicas gravadas em vídeo tornou-se a abordagem padrão para o ensino da comunicação. No entanto, a eficácia dessa técnica depende do envolvimento ativo dos estudantes. As suas contribuições e comentários dos pares sobre a consulta gravada são essenciais para a aprendizagem. Contudo, a perspectiva do estudante sobre a utilidade dessa abordagem educativa recebeu pouca atenção. Objetivos: Compreender a percepção da aprendizagem dos residentes de medicina de família e comunidade resultante da atividade de vídeo feedback na sua formação profissional. Métodos: Estudo exploratório, qualitativo, realizado com residentes do primeiro ano de medicina de família e comunidade de um programa de residência estabelecido em São Paulo, Brasil. Os participantes foram entrevistados após as sessões educativas, que foram analisadas por meio de análise temática reflexiva. Resultados: A autopercepção de sua prática, o aprendizado de habilidades de comunicação e os ganhos afetivos foram identificados pelos participantes como pontos de aprendizado derivados da atividade de vídeo feedback. Além disso, sobre o aprendizado de habilidades específicas de comunicação, eles mencionaram comunicação não-verbal e verbal, conexões entre teoria e prática, estrutura de consulta e oportunidades para cristalizar conhecimentos. Os ganhos afetivos incluíram sentir-se parte de um grupo, melhora da autoestima, superação de inseguranças, percepção de consultas mais efetivas, reforço do gosto pelo trabalho e reconhecer a necessidade de mais aprendizado. Conclusões: Os ganhos de aprendizagem identificados em nosso estudo levaram a uma experiência de humanidade compartilhada, que permite aos participantes serem mais efetivos técnica e afetivamente com seus pacientes. Além disso, identificamos que a atividade educativa de vídeo feedback pode ser utilizada para outros possíveis fins educacionais além do ensino da comunicação.


Introduction: Communication is recognized as a central skill by various international medical education regulatory bodies. Specific teaching on communication skills is important to enhance doctors' communication. Experiential techniques appear to be superior compared to traditional models. Real-life consultation helps trainees visualize their interview skills and reflect on them. Upgraded by technology, the use of video-recorded medical visits became the standard approach for communication teaching. However, the effectiveness pf this technique relies on trainees' active involvement. Their inputs and peer feedback on the recorded consultation are essential to learning. Despite its importance, their perspective on the usefulness of video feedback in medical education has received limited attention. Objective: To understand the perception of learning among general practice trainees as a result of the video feedback activity in their vocational training. Methods: An exploratory, qualitative study, conducted with first-year general practice trainees from an established training program in São Paulo, Brazil. Participants were interviewed after educational session, which were analyzed using reflexive thematic analysis. Results: Self-perception of their practice, communication skills learning, and affective gains were identified by participants as learning points derived from the video feedback activity. Furthermore, for specific communication skills learning, they mentioned nonverbal and verbal communication, theory and practice connections, consultation structure and opportunities for crystallizing knowledge. Affective gains included feeling part of a group, improving self-esteem, overcoming insecurities, perception of more effective consultations, reinforcing fondness for their work, and need for more learning. Conclusions: The learning gains identified in our study led to an experience of common humanity, which allowed participants to be more technically and affectively effective with their patients. Also, we identified that the video feedback educational activity can be used for other possible educational purposes, beyond the teaching of communication.


Introducción: La comunicación es reconocida como una habilidad fundamental por varios organismos reguladores internacionales de educación médica. La enseñanza específica de habilidades de comunicación es importante para mejorar la comunicación de los médicos. Las técnicas experienciales parecen ser superiores a los modelos tradicionales. El uso de consultas reales ayuda a los estudiantes a visualizar y reflexionar mejor sobre sus habilidades de entrevista. Actualizado por la tecnología, el uso de consultas médicas grabadas en video se ha convertido en el enfoque estándar para la enseñanza de la comunicación. Sin embargo, para que la técnica funcione, la participación de los estudiantes es crucial. Sus contribuciones y comentarios de los compañeros sobre la consulta grabada son esenciales para el aprendizaje. Sin embargo, la perspectiva de los estudiantes sobre la utilidad de este enfoque educativo ha recibido poca atención. Objetivos: Comprender la percepción del aprendizaje por parte de los residentes de medicina de familia y comunitaria como resultado de la actividad de vídeo feedback en su formación profesional. Métodos: Estudio cualitativo exploratorio realizado con residentes de primer año de medicina familiar y comunitaria de un programa de residencia establecido en São Paulo, Brasil. Los participantes fueron entrevistados después de una sesión educativa, que fueron analizados mediante análisis temático reflexivo. Resultados: La autopercepción de su práctica, el aprendizaje de habilidades comunicativas y las ganancias afectivas fueron identificadas por los participantes como puntos de aprendizaje derivados de la actividad de vídeo feedback. Además, sobre el aprendizaje de habilidades comunicativas específicas, mencionaron la comunicación verbal y no verbal, las conexiones entre la teoría y la práctica, la estructura de consulta y las oportunidades para cristalizar conocimientos. En cuanto a las ganancias afectivas, relataron sentirse parte de un grupo, mejora de la autoestima, superación de las inseguridades, percepción de consultas más efectivas, refuerzo del gusto por el trabajo y necesidad de más aprendizaje. Conclusión: Los logros de aprendizaje identificados en nuestro estudio llevaron a una experiencia de humanidad compartida, que permite a los participantes ser técnica y afectivamente más efectivos con sus pacientes. Además, identificamos que la actividad educativa de vídeo feedback puede ser utilizada para otros posibles fines educativos, además de la enseñanza de la comunicación.

2.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552241

RESUMO

A aprendizagem baseada em projeto orientada pelos fundamentos da educação interprofissional é um modelo que pode contribuir para a formação de relacionamentos interpessoais, criatividade, empatia e colaboração na educação médica, por meio de uma colaboração mútua com profissionais de saúde da rede. Muito se fala da efetividade desse método no campo do ensino e aprendizagem médica, mas há a necessidade de incluir a importância do desenvolvimento de habilidades interprofissionais, com equipes colaborativas, em ações extensionistas, diante das necessidades locais no contexto da atenção primária, pensando na melhoria dos resultados de saúde. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar um relato de experiência de aprendizagem baseada em projeto de estudantes de Medicina no contexto da Estratégia Saúde da Família. Participaram deste trabalho estudantes do Módulo Integração Ensino, Serviço e Comunidade da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri que executaram, em colaboração com uma equipe interprofissional o projeto sobre a saúde do homem. Como resultado da análise qualitativa do feedback entre os integrantes, observaram-se mudanças no comportamento dos estudantes, com melhorias na comunicação, empatia e nas relações interpessoais, por meio do trabalho colaborativo com a equipe interprofissional. Esta experiência poderá ser adaptada para implementar o ensino e aprendizagem no projeto pedagógico orientado pela educação interprofissional na atenção primária.


Project-based learning guided by the fundamentals of interprofessional education is a model that can contribute to the formation of interpersonal relationships, creativity, empathy and collaboration within medical education, through mutual collaboration with health professionals in the health network. Much has been said about the effectiveness of this method in medical teaching and learning, but there is a need to include the importance of developing interprofessional skills, with collaborative teams, within extension actions, in view of local needs in the context of primary care, thinking about the improved health outcomes. The objective of this work was to present a report of a project-based learning experience of medical students in Family Health Strategy. Students from the Teaching, Service and Community Integration Module of the Faculty of Medicine of Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri participated in this work, executing in collaboration with an interprofessional team a project about men's health. As a result of the qualitative analysis of the feedback among the members, changes in student behavior were observed with improvements in communication, empathy and interpersonal relationships through collaborative work with the interprofessional team. This experience can be adapted to implement teaching and learning in the pedagogical project guided by interprofessional education in primary care.


El aprendizaje basado en proyectos y guiado por los fundamentos de la educación interprofesional es un modelo que puede contribuir a la formación de relaciones interpersonales, creatividad, empatía y colaboración dentro de la educación médica, a través de la colaboración mutua con los profesionales de la salud en la red de salud. Mucho se habla de la efectividad de este método dentro de la enseñanza y el aprendizaje médico, pero es necesario incluir la importancia del desarrollo de habilidades interprofesionales, con equipos colaborativos, dentro de las acciones de extensión, frente a las necesidades locales en el contexto de la atención primaria, pensando sobre los mejores resultados de salud. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar un informe de experiencia de aprendizaje basado en proyectos de estudiantes de medicina en la Estrategia de Salud Familiar. Participaron en este trabajo estudiantes del Módulo Integración Enseñanza, Servicio y Comunidad de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri que ejecutaron en colaboración con un equipo interprofesional el proyecto sobre la salud del hombre. Como resultado del análisis cualitativo de la retroalimentación entre los integrantes, se observaron cambios en el comportamiento de los estudiantes con mejoras en la comunicación, la empatía y las relaciones interpersonales a través del trabajo colaborativo con el equipo interprofesional. Esta experiencia puede adaptarse para implementar la enseñanza y el aprendizaje en el proyecto pedagógico guiado por la educación interprofesional en atención primaria.

3.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 737, 2024 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38982353

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The importance of including bioethics in the medical curricula has been recognized globally. Certain countries including Pakistan continue to lag behind although some developments have occurred recently. OBJECTIVES: The research aimed to provide a snapshot of bioethics education in undergraduate medical colleges in Karachi, Pakistan. The secondary objectives included identifying factors promoting or inhibiting integration of bioethics into the curriculum. METHODS: A two-pronged strategy was used to collect data including a website review of medical colleges, in existence for more than ten years, recognized by the Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PMDC), the regulating body for undergraduate medical education in Pakistan. The other arm employed in-depth interviews with medical educationists in colleges fulfilling inclusion criteria. Data from the website was analyzed and presented as frequencies. Qualitative data was analyzed using content analysis method which involved coding of transcripts, multiple readings and arriving at subthemes and themes iteratively. RESULTS: Thirteen medical colleges were included for the website review, of which four were from public sector. Three medical colleges used the word "ethics" in their vision and mission statement and four had provided a detailed curriculum for ethics on their website. Thematic framework included four broad themes: 1) Need for Bioethics Education, 2) Current Status of Bioethics Education 3) Challenges in integration of bioethics in medical curriculum and 4) Recommendations for integration of bioethics in the Curriculum. Participants were in agreement that bioethics was important in development of future physicians. Participants identified various challenges, foremost being shortage of trained faculty, lack of institutional buy-in and overcrowded curriculum. CONCLUSION: The study identified sporadic inclusion of bioethics in undergraduate medical curricula, left to the discretion of individual institutions. Since Karachi is a cosmopolitan city, the findings may reasonably reflect the situation in other parts of the country. While bioethics is recognized as an important field, it will continue to remain an orphan subject in the curricula unless the regulatory and accreditation bodies make it compulsory for institutions to include ethics in their curricula.


Assuntos
Bioética , Currículo , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Paquistão , Humanos , Bioética/educação , Pesquisa Qualitativa
4.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 742, 2024 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38982421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mnemonic techniques are memory aids that could help improve memory encoding, storage, and retrieval. Using the brain's natural propensity for pattern recognition and association, new information is associated with something familiar, such as an image, a structure, or a pattern. This should be particularly useful for learning complex medical information. Collaborative documents have the potential to revolutionize online learning because they could increase the creativity, productivity, and efficiency of learning. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of combining peer creation and sharing of mnemonics with collaborative online documents to improve pathology education. METHODS: We carried out a prospective, quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest pilot study. The intervention group was trained to create and share mnemonics in collaborative documents for pathological cases, based on histopathological slides. The control group compared analog and digital microscopy. RESULTS: Both groups consisted of 41 students and did not reveal demographic differences. Performance evaluations did not reveal significant differences between the groups' pretest and posttest scores. Our pilot study revealed several pitfalls, especially in instructional design, time on task, and digital literacy, that could have masked possible learning benefits. CONCLUSIONS: There is a gap in evidence-based research, both on mnemonics and on CD in pathology didactics. Even though, the combination of peer creation and sharing of mnemonics is very promising from a cognitive neurobiological standpoint, and collaborative documents have great potential to promote the digital transformation of medical education and increase cooperation, creativity, productivity, and efficiency of learning. However, the incorporation of such innovative techniques requires meticulous instructional design by teachers and additional time for students to become familiar with new learning methods and the application of new digital tools to promote also digital literacy. Future studies should also take into account validated high-stakes testing for more reliable pre-posttest results, a larger cohort of students, and anticipate technical difficulties regarding new digital tools.


Assuntos
Patologia , Grupo Associado , Projetos Piloto , Humanos , Patologia/educação , Estudos Prospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Memória , Adulto Jovem , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Avaliação Educacional
5.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 736, 2024 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38982429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Academic paper writing holds significant importance in the education of medical students, and poses a clear challenge for those whose first language is not English. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of employing large language models, particularly ChatGPT, in improving the English academic writing skills of these students. METHODS: A cohort of 25 third-year medical students from China was recruited. The study consisted of two stages. Firstly, the students were asked to write a mini paper. Secondly, the students were asked to revise the mini paper using ChatGPT within two weeks. The evaluation of the mini papers focused on three key dimensions, including structure, logic, and language. The evaluation method incorporated both manual scoring and AI scoring utilizing the ChatGPT-3.5 and ChatGPT-4 models. Additionally, we employed a questionnaire to gather feedback on students' experience in using ChatGPT. RESULTS: After implementing ChatGPT for writing assistance, there was a notable increase in manual scoring by 4.23 points. Similarly, AI scoring based on the ChatGPT-3.5 model showed an increase of 4.82 points, while the ChatGPT-4 model showed an increase of 3.84 points. These results highlight the potential of large language models in supporting academic writing. Statistical analysis revealed no significant difference between manual scoring and ChatGPT-4 scoring, indicating the potential of ChatGPT-4 to assist teachers in the grading process. Feedback from the questionnaire indicated a generally positive response from students, with 92% acknowledging an improvement in the quality of their writing, 84% noting advancements in their language skills, and 76% recognizing the contribution of ChatGPT in supporting academic research. CONCLUSION: The study highlighted the efficacy of large language models like ChatGPT in augmenting the English academic writing proficiency of non-native speakers in medical education. Furthermore, it illustrated the potential of these models to make a contribution to the educational evaluation process, particularly in environments where English is not the primary language.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Estudantes de Medicina , Redação , Humanos , China , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Masculino , Feminino , Idioma
6.
Tunis Med ; 102(7): 379-386, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38982960

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Echocardiography is a pivotal exam in critically ill patients, a specific training is crucial. Medical residents often lack echocardiography practice. AIM: This study aims to evaluate the impact of simulation-based training on medical residents' echocardiography mastery. METHODS: This interventional study was conducted among medical residents at the Simulation Center of the Faculty of Medicine in Monastir (CeSim) in January 2022. The intervention consisted of a theoretical training and a simulator-based practical training concerning echocardiography. Residents underwent evaluation before and after training through a "Pre-Test" and a "Post-Test," respectively, using a French-language questionnaire. Participation was entirely voluntary. RESULTS: A total of 28 medical residents participated in our study, with the majority being female (57.1%). The median age was 29 years (interquartile range: 28-31.75). Following training, the proportion of participants who reported having the necessary skills for echocardiography interpretation significantly increased (p<0.05). Respondents demonstrated significant improvements in their scores on theoretical tests and practical skills assessments. Concerning echocardiographic views, the percentage of participants who correctly identified the title of the parasternal small axis section increased from 53.6% before training to 100% after training (p <10-3). Significant enhancements were observed in all parameters evaluating the practice of echocardiographic sections by respondents on a mannequin after training, encompassing time to obtain the view, view quality, image quality, visualization of structures, interpretability, and image stability (p<10-3). There was a significant improvement in average response rates for echocardiographic clinical syndroms among medical residents before and after training. All participants emphasized the indispensability of ultrasound education in the training of physicians specializing in managing cardiopulmonary emergencies. CONCLUSIONS: This study reports the beneficial role of simulation-based training in enhancing the mastery of medical residents in echocardiography. Incorporating such training methods into their learning curricula is advisable.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Ecocardiografia , Internato e Residência , Treinamento por Simulação , Humanos , Internato e Residência/normas , Internato e Residência/métodos , Ecocardiografia/normas , Feminino , Competência Clínica/normas , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Adulto , Masculino , Avaliação Educacional , Inquéritos e Questionários , Aprendizagem
7.
Adv Med Educ Pract ; 15: 627-635, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38983272

RESUMO

Aim: Medical literature revealed that there is a lack of information about the opinions of medical interns and residents about curricula provided to them during their undergraduate programs, either in a group of detached subjects or an incorporated and efficacious topic (ie, pathology). Purpose: To assess and compare the interns' and residents' perspectives towards Pathology as a subject. To recognize their opinions toward the relevance and application of Pathology while practicing clinically. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional online, self-administered questionnaire targeting interns and residents. The questionnaire consisted of 30 questions, enquiring about the demographic data, subject strength, teaching duration, interest in the subject, and usefulness of Pathology as a subject in clinical practice. Results: Overall, 103 participants completed the survey. The female and male percentage was 59.2% and 40.8% respectively. 86.4% of participants were interns, while 13.6% were residents. 87% of participants agreed that applying pathology during clinical practice is a skill that should be strengthened in the early stages of preclinical education of Medicine. A modest percentage believed that a practitioner could efficiently treat the majority of patients with no need to know the specifics of the pathological mechanisms involved. Most of the participants believed that pathology courses helped them in making a differential diagnosis, analysis of normal and pathological constituents, and dissection and identification of structures. Conclusion: This study highlights the positive perceptions of Jordanian interns and residents toward pathology courses. It also demonstrates that participants prefer an active and dynamic educational model with an emphasis on better integration of pathology courses and clinical experiences that fit their needs in clinical practice. Thus, we recommend future studies to compare the competencies of interns and residents enrolled in the courses with integrated medical curricula, of pathology versus those who studied the conventional medical curricula of pathology, as well as to evaluate their perceptions of medical education.

8.
Cureus ; 16(6): e62013, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38983997

RESUMO

Background Previous research findings show that the overall perception of residents regarding the new entrustable professional activity (EPA) assessment mandates is primarily negative. Hence, this study aims to explore the link between EPA assessment experiences and resident and faculty emotions and expectancy of successfully completing residency training. Methods A standardized questionnaire (Medical Emotions Scale (MES)), which measures 20 unique emotions on a 5-point Likert scale, was used to explore the emotions of residents and faculty members regarding EPA assessments and residents' expectancy of success. Data analysis included descriptive statistics and analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results Ninety-one (N=91) participants (46 faculty members and 45 residents) completed the survey. The results revealed that residents have more negative emotions toward EPA assessments compared to faculty. Additionally, resident and faculty emotions regarding EPA assessments vary across specialty and gender. Conclusions These findings will be crucial in providing the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and medical education programs with concrete evidence and guidance in understanding the perspectives and emotions of residents and faculty towards EPA assessments and residents' beliefs about successfully completing their medical training.

9.
Res Sq ; 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38947076

RESUMO

Background: The demand for genetic services has outpaced the availability of resources, challenging clinicians untrained in genetic integration into clinical decision-making. The UTHealth Adult Cardiovascular Genomics Certificate (CGC) program trains non-genetic healthcare professionals to recognize, assess, and refer patients with heritable cardiovascular diseases. This asynchronous online course includes 24 modules in three tiers of increasing complexity, using realistic clinical scenarios, interactive dialogues, quizzes, and tests to reinforce learning. We hypothesized that the CGC will increase genomic competencies in this underserved audience and encourage applying genomic concepts in clinical practice. Methods: Required course evaluations include pre- and post-assessments, knowledge checks in each module, and surveys for module-specific feedback. After 6 months, longitudinal feedback surveys gathered data on the long-term impact of the course on clinical practice and conducted focused interviews with learners. Results: The CGC was accredited in September 2022. Principal learners were nurses (24%), nurse practitioners (21%), physicians (16%), and physician assistants. Scores of 283 learners in paired pre- and post-assessments increased specific skills related to recognizing heritable diseases, understanding inheritance patterns, and interpreting genetic tests. Interviews highlighted the CGC's modular structure and linked resources as key strengths. Learners endorsed confidence to use genetic information in clinical practice, such as discussing genetic concepts and risks with patients and referring patients for genetic testing. Learners were highly likely to recommend the CGC to colleagues, citing its role in enhancing heritable disease awareness. Conclusions: The CGC program effectively empowers non-genetic clinicians to master genomic competencies, fostering collaboration to prevent deaths from heritable cardiovascular diseases, and potentially transforming healthcare education and clinical practice.

10.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 726, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38970020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Effective mentorship is an important component of medical education with benefits to all stakeholders. In recent years, conceptualization of mentorship has gone beyond the traditional dyadic experienced mentor-novice mentee relationship to include group and peer mentoring. Existing theories of mentorship do not recognize mentoring's personalized, evolving, goal-driven, and context-specific nature. Evidencing the limitations of traditional cause-and-effect concepts, the purpose of this review was to systematically search the literature to determine if mentoring can be viewed as a complex adaptive system (CAS). METHODS: A systematic scoping review using Krishna's Systematic Evidence-Based Approach was employed to study medical student and resident accounts of mentoring and CAS in general internal medicine and related subspecialties in articles published between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2023 in PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, ERIC, Google Scholar, and Scopus databases. The included articles underwent thematic and content analysis, with the themes identified and combined to create domains, which framed the discussion. RESULTS: Of 5,704 abstracts reviewed, 134 full-text articles were evaluated, and 216 articles were included. The domains described how mentoring relationships and mentoring approaches embody characteristics of CAS and that mentorship often behaves as a community of practice (CoP). Mentoring's CAS-like features are displayed through CoPs, with distinct boundaries, a spiral mentoring trajectory, and longitudinal mentoring support and assessment processes. CONCLUSION: Recognizing mentorship as a CAS demands the rethinking of the design, support, assessment, and oversight of mentorship and the role of mentors. Further study is required to better assess the mentoring process and to provide optimal training and support to mentors.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Tutoria , Humanos , Mentores , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Internato e Residência
11.
J Healthc Leadersh ; 16: 255-262, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38974333

RESUMO

Problem: Increasing healthcare system complexity, multidisciplinary care delivery, and the need to deliver high-quality, cost-effective care drive a critical need for leadership development. Currently, few examples of multidisciplinary leadership development exist in the medical education literature. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has identified leadership domains as essential milestones in residency education, encompassing areas such as interpersonal communication, quality improvement, and systems-based practice. Presently, published GME leadership curricula vary widely in content, delivery, and duration and rarely include multispecialty cohorts. Approach: The study authors designed and implemented a longitudinal leadership curriculum for a multispecialty cohort of senior residents and fellows from multiple hospitals within a large integrated GME program. Between July 2022-June 2023, authors delivered 12 monthly sessions on core leadership concepts. Sessions delivered relevant work-based content via large-group didactics with embedded opportunities for small-group interactive experiential and reflective practice, critical thinking, and application. Outcomes: Thirty GME trainees participated in the longitudinal curriculum. Interval pre-/post-session assessments demonstrated significant improvement in composite scores for 6 of 9 sessions assessed. Participants rated each module's overall importance, applicability, and acceptability highly on a summative program evaluation. Next Steps: This longitudinal leadership curriculum adheres to best leadership development practices, demonstrates improvement in knowledge and self-reported attitudes and behaviors related to cognitive, character, and emotional leadership domains, and develops a psychologically safe community of practice for GME participants.

12.
J Obstet Gynaecol India ; 74(3): 214-218, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38974739

RESUMO

Background: A mediolateral episiotomy is recommended when indicated at a 60° angle at crowning, to avoid obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIs) by episiotomies angled too close or distant to the anus. This study surveyed obstetricians in India regarding the recommended episiotomy angle and their ability to correctly draw the angle. Methods: Workshops were conducted in India to share knowledge in the prevention and repair of OASIs. A questionnaire was distributed prior to the workshop. Participants were asked to describe the recommended episiotomy angle and to draw this on a paper replica of the perineum. The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated to assess the inter-rater reliability between the angle stated and drawn. A 2° difference was deemed acceptable. Standard errors of measurement (SEM) were calculated to measure the range of error of each measurement. Results: One hundred and forty doctors participated. 47.9% described the angle of an episiotomy to be 60°. Only 2.2% drew an angle of 60°, but 8.7% (n = 12) drew between 58 and 62°. Only 5.8% (n = 6) of doctors correctly drew the episiotomy angle they described. There was poor agreement ICC = 0.18 (- 0.01 to 0.36) with a SEM of ± 12.2°. Conclusions: Knowledge surrounding the recommended episiotomy angle is lacking. Doctors are failing to estimate their desired episiotomy angle. This highlights the need for national guidelines, the creation and validation of structured training programmes to improve accuracy, or using fixed-angle devices such as the EPISCISSORS-60 or other proven measurement aids to minimise preventable harm due to human error.

13.
J Obstet Gynaecol India ; 74(3): 281-283, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38974749

RESUMO

ChatGPT, the new bustle in the field of technology, is attracting millions of users worldwide with its impressive skills to perform multiple tasks in a way that mimics human conversation. We conducted this study at two levels with direct and case-based questions from Obstetrics and gynecology to assess the performance of ChatGPT in the medical field. Our results suggest that ChatGPT has a good comprehension of the subject. However, ChatGPT should be trained to include  recent updates and improvements in terms of generating error-free and upgraded responses.

14.
Hawaii J Health Soc Welf ; 83(7): 192-199, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38974805

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has had many effects on medical student education, ranging from safety measures limiting patient exposure to changes in patient diagnoses encountered by medical students in their clerkship experience. This study aimed to identify the impact of the pandemic on the inpatient experiences of third- and fourth-year medical students by assessing patient volumes and diagnoses seen by students. Frequency and types of notes written by medical students on hospital-based pediatric rotations at Kapi'olani Medical Center for Women and Children as well as patient diagnoses and ages were compared between 2 time periods: pre-pandemic (July 2018-February 2020) and pandemic (May 2020-September 2021). On average, the number of patients seen by medical students was significantly reduced in the pandemic period from 112 patients/month to 88 patients/month (P=.041). The proportion of patients with bronchiolitis or pneumonia were also significantly reduced in the pandemic period (P<.001). Bronchiolitis was diagnosed in 1.3% of patients seen by medical students during the pandemic period, compared with 5.9% of patients pre-pandemic. Pneumonia was diagnosed in 1.0% of patients seen by medical students in the pandemic period compared with 4.6% pre-pandemic. There was no significant difference in patient age between the 2 groups (P=.092). During the first 18 months of the COVID-19 pandemic, medical students in this institution had a remarkably different inpatient experience from that of their predecessors. They saw fewer patients, and those patients had fewer common pediatric respiratory diseases. These decreases suggest these students may require supplemental education to compensate for these gaps in direct pediatric clinical experience.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pediatria , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Havaí/epidemiologia , Pediatria/educação , Pediatria/estatística & dados numéricos , Pediatria/métodos , SARS-CoV-2 , Feminino , Pandemias , Criança , Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pacientes Internados/estatística & dados numéricos , Estágio Clínico/métodos
15.
Cureus ; 16(6): e61821, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38975435

RESUMO

American Board of Anesthesiology (ABA) diplomates who pursue clinical fellowship training in pain medicine may be better suited to lead scholarly projects and serve as first authors of publications in peer-reviewed journals given their additional training and clinical expertise. The primary aim of this study was to determine whether ABA certification in pain medicine is associated with a greater number of peer-reviewed publications. The secondary aim included assessments of whether pain medicine fellowship training is associated with a higher publication rate (publications per year) or publication in a larger number of peer-reviewed journals. A literature search was conducted in December 2023 using the Scopus database for publications related to anesthesiology and pain medicine in the United States between 2013 and 2023. First authors identified through the search were then individually searched within the ABA physician directory. The following data were collected: author name and identification number, year of publication, publication type (article or review), year of primary anesthesiology certification, and year of fellowship, if applicable. This study identified 9,612 publications and 6,924 unique first authors. Pain medicine fellowship training was associated with a statistically significant increase (p-value < 0.001) in the number of publications (0.546; 95% confidence interval {CI}, 0.386-0.707), publications per year (0.140; 95% CI, 0.121-0.159), and publication in a larger number of peer-reviewed journals (0.256; 95% CI, 0.182-0.330) in regression models adjusted for the number of years from certification. This query of the Scopus database and ABA physician directory indicates that pain medicine fellowship training is associated with statistically significant increases in research productivity, as defined by the number of publications, publications per year, or the number of publications in peer-reviewed journals. However, these increases in research output would not lead to a marked increase in scholarship productivity to justify pursuing a fellowship for this purpose.

16.
Adv Med Educ Pract ; 15: 615-625, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38975614

RESUMO

Introduction: The integration of technology into medical education has witnessed significant growth in recent years, with tools such as virtual reality, artificial intelligence, and telemedicine gaining prominence. These tool in medical education, offering immersive, experiential learning experiences. Methods: We approached medical students currently enrolled in medical education programs and who are familiar with and actively use AI in medical education. Initially, we invited 21 random students to participate in the study; however, only 13 agreed to interviews. Some students cited their busy exam schedules as the reason for not participating. The participants were informed of the objective of the study before the commencement of the recorded interviews. Semi-structured interviews were used to guide the record interviews. Audio recordings were transcribed and analyzed using Atlas.ti, a qualitative data analysis software. Results: Participants exhibited a diverse range of perceptions and levels of awareness regarding VR, AI, and telemedicine technologies. Learning with virtual reality was considered to be fun, memorable, inclusive, and engaging by participants. The use of virtual reality technology is seen as complementing current teaching and learning approaches, helping to build learners' confidence, as well as providing medical students with a safe environment for problem-solving and trial-and-error learning. The students reported that AI was seen as a potential game-changer in the healthcare sector. Participants hoped that telemedicine would provide healthcare services to remote and underserved populations. Conclusion: The study conducted focus group discussions with medical students and residents in Saudi Arabia to explore their views on integrating VR, AI, and telemedicine in medical education and practice. Their insights highlight the need for informed decision-making and strategic development to optimize the benefits and address challenges like initial investments, technical issues, ethics, and regulations. These considerations are crucial for fully realizing the potential benefits of technology in medical education globally.

17.
Med Teach ; : 1-9, 2024 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38976711

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ensuring equivalence in high-stakes performance exams is important for patient safety and candidate fairness. We compared inter-school examiner differences within a shared OSCE and resulting impact on students' pass/fail categorisation. METHODS: The same 6 station formative OSCE ran asynchronously in 4 medical schools, with 2 parallel circuits/school. We compared examiners' judgements using Video-based Examiner Score Comparison and Adjustment (VESCA): examiners scored station-specific comparator videos in addition to 'live' student performances, enabling 1/controlled score comparisons by a/examiner-cohorts and b/schools and 2/data linkage to adjust for the influence of examiner-cohorts. We calculated score impact and change in pass/fail categorisation by school. RESULTS: On controlled video-based comparisons, inter-school variations in examiners' scoring (16.3%) were nearly double within-school variations (8.8%). Students' scores received a median adjustment of 5.26% (IQR 2.87-7.17%). The impact of adjusting for examiner differences on students' pass/fail categorisation varied by school, with adjustment reducing failure rate from 39.13% to 8.70% (school 2) whilst increasing failure from 0.00% to 21.74% (school 4). DISCUSSION: Whilst the formative context may partly account for differences, these findings query whether variations may exist between medical schools in examiners' judgements. This may benefit from systematic appraisal to safeguard equivalence. VESCA provided a viable method for comparisons.

18.
J Med Syst ; 48(1): 66, 2024 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38976137

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) printing has gained popularity across various domains but remains less integrated into medical surgery due to its complexity. Existing literature primarily discusses specific applications, with limited detailed guidance on the entire process. The methodological details of converting Computed Tomography (CT) images into 3D models are often found in amateur 3D printing forums rather than scientific literature. To address this gap, we present a comprehensive methodology for converting CT images of bone fractures into 3D-printed models. This involves transferring files in Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) format to stereolithography format, processing the 3D model, and preparing it for printing. Our methodology outlines step-by-step guidelines, time estimates, and software recommendations, prioritizing free open-source tools. We also share our practical experience and outcomes, including the successful creation of 72 models for surgical planning, patient education, and teaching. Although there are challenges associated with utilizing 3D printing in surgery, such as the requirement for specialized expertise and equipment, the advantages in surgical planning, patient education, and improved outcomes are evident. Further studies are warranted to refine and standardize these methodologies for broader adoption in medical practice.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Impressão Tridimensional , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Humanos , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Traumatologia , Sistemas de Informação em Radiologia/organização & administração , Modelos Anatômicos
19.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 735, 2024 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38977986

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a need to increase the capacity and capability of musculoskeletal researchers to design, conduct, and report high-quality clinical trials. The objective of this study was to identify and prioritise clinical trial learning needs of musculoskeletal researchers in Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand. Findings will be used to inform development of an e-learning musculoskeletal clinical trials course. METHODS: A two-round online modified Delphi study was conducted with an inter-disciplinary panel of musculoskeletal researchers from Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand, representing various career stages and roles, including clinician researchers and consumers with lived experience of musculoskeletal conditions. Round 1 involved panellists nominating 3-10 topics about musculoskeletal trial design and conduct that they believe would be important to include in an e-learning course about musculoskeletal clinical trials. Topics were synthesised and refined. Round 2 asked panellists to rate the importance of all topics (very important, important, not important), as well as select and rank their top 10 most important topics. A rank score was calculated whereby higher scores reflect higher rankings by panellists. RESULTS: Round 1 was completed by 121 panellists and generated 555 individual topics describing their musculoskeletal trial learning needs. These statements were grouped into 37 unique topics for Round 2, which was completed by 104 panellists. The topics ranked as most important were: (1) defining a meaningful research question (rank score 560, 74% of panellists rated topic as very important); (2) choosing the most appropriate trial design (rank score 410, 73% rated as very important); (3) involving consumers in trial design through to dissemination (rank score 302, 62% rated as very important); (4) bias in musculoskeletal trials and how to minimise it (rank score 299, 70% rated as very important); and (5) choosing the most appropriate control/comparator group (rank score 265, 65% rated as very important). CONCLUSIONS: This modified Delphi study generated a ranked list of clinical trial learning needs of musculoskeletal researchers. Findings can inform training courses and professional development to improve researcher capabilities and enhance the quality and conduct of musculoskeletal clinical trials.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Técnica Delphi , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Pesquisadores , Humanos , Nova Zelândia , Austrália , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/terapia , Pesquisadores/educação , Pesquisa Biomédica/educação , Avaliação das Necessidades , Projetos de Pesquisa , Educação a Distância
20.
Cureus ; 16(6): e61864, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38978914

RESUMO

Autoimmune diseases are multifaceted disorders, and their coexistence with other conditions can present unique challenges in diagnosis and management. Here, we report a rare case of autosomal recessive hyper-IgE syndrome (AR-HIES) in a child with beta thalassemia trait. AR-HIES is a distinct immunodeficiency disorder characterized by severe eczema and recurrent bacterial and viral infections, particularly affecting the sinopulmonary system. This case highlights the importance of recognizing and managing the co-occurrence of rare genetic conditions, as it can impact treatment strategies and familial counseling. This unique case of AR-HIES in a child with beta thalassemia trait underscores the complexity of autoimmune disorders and the need for comprehensive evaluation in patients presenting with multiple clinical manifestations.

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