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1.
Neurol Sci ; 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38967881

RESUMO

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive muscle weakness. Presence of pain in ALS patients is heterogeneously reported in studies, and mostly underrepresented in symptom scales. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic modalities for pain management in patients with ALS. A systematic review was conducted in four databases; PubMed, Scopus, Clinicaltrials.gov, and Cochrane-Ovid. Five randomized controlled clinical trials were included regarding pharmacological and non-pharmacological pain management interventions in adult patients with confirmed diagnosis of ALS in whom pain was objectively evaluated. Risk of bias assessment was evaluated using the RoB2.0 tool. Eligible studies were reported as a descriptive analysis. This systematic review was registered with PROSPERO ID: CRD42024495009. Five clinical trials regarding pain management strategies in ALS were eligible for analysis. Two out of five were non-pharmacological approaches whilst the remaining three provided pharmacological therapies. Of these, Mexiletine was efficient in terms of pain relief, particularly between 600 and 900 mg per day, whereas Mecasin showed no pain relief at both, high and low doses. Non-pharmacological therapies, such as exercise and osteopathic manual treatment also lacked efficacy in regard to pain management. Clinical trials focusing on pain management strategies for ALS patients are limited. Medical professionals, understandably focused on immediate life-threatening aspects, may inadvertently sideline the nuanced and intricate dimension of pain experienced by patients with ALS.

2.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 591, 2024 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38987669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Care transitions are high-risk processes, especially for people with complex or chronic illness. Discharge letters are an opportunity to provide written information to improve patients' self-management after discharge. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of discharge letter content on unplanned hospital readmissions and self-rated quality of care transitions among patients 60 years of age or older with chronic illness. METHODS: The study had a convergent mixed methods design. Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or congestive heart failure were recruited from two hospitals in Region Stockholm if they were living at home and Swedish-speaking. Patients with dementia or cognitive impairment, or a "do not resuscitate" statement in their medical record were excluded. Discharge letters from 136 patients recruited to a randomised controlled trial were coded using an assessment matrix and deductive content analysis. The assessment matrix was based on a literature review performed to identify key elements in discharge letters that facilitate a safe care transition to home. The coded key elements were transformed into a quantitative variable of "SAFE-D score". Bivariate correlations between SAFE-D score and quality of care transition as well as unplanned readmissions within 30 and 90 days were calculated. Lastly, a multivariable Cox proportional hazards model was used to investigate associations between SAFE-D score and time to readmission. RESULTS: All discharge letters contained at least five of eleven key elements. In less than two per cent of the discharge letters, all eleven key elements were present. Neither SAFE-D score, nor single key elements correlated with 30-day or 90-day readmission rate. SAFE-D score was not associated with time to readmission when adjusted for a range of patient characteristics and self-rated quality of care transitions. CONCLUSIONS: While written summaries play a role, they may not be sufficient on their own to ensure safe care transitions and effective self-care management post-discharge. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials. giv, NCT02823795, 01/09/2016.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Alta do Paciente , Readmissão do Paciente , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Doença Crônica/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Suécia/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Fatores de Tempo
3.
JACC Adv ; 3(1): 100753, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38939806

RESUMO

Background: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is used to guide lipid-lowering therapy after a myocardial infarction (MI). Lack of LDL-C testing represents a missed opportunity for optimizing therapy and reducing cardiovascular risk. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to estimate the proportion of Medicare beneficiaries who had their LDL-C measured within 90 days following MI hospital discharge. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of Medicare beneficiaries ≥66 years of age with an MI hospitalization between 2016 and 2020. The primary analysis used data from all beneficiaries with fee-for-service coverage and pharmacy benefits (532,767 MI hospitalizations). In secondary analyses, we used data from a 5% random sample of beneficiaries with fee-for-service coverage without pharmacy benefits (10,394 MI hospitalizations), and from beneficiaries with Medicare Advantage (176,268 MI hospitalizations). The proportion of beneficiaries who had their LDL-C measured following MI hospital discharge was estimated accounting for the competing risk of death. Results: In the primary analysis (mean age 76.9 years, 84.4% non-Hispanic White), 29.9% of beneficiaries had their LDL-C measured within 90 days following MI hospital discharge. Among Hispanic, Asian, non-Hispanic White, and non-Hispanic Black beneficiaries, the 90-day postdischarge LDL-C testing was 33.8%, 32.5%, 30.0%, and 26.0%, respectively. Postdischarge LDL-C testing within 90 days was highest in the Middle Atlantic (36.4%) and lowest in the West North Central (23.4%) U.S. regions. In secondary analyses, the 90-day postdischarge LDL-C testing was 26.9% among beneficiaries with fee-for-service coverage without pharmacy benefits, and 28.6% among beneficiaries with Medicare Advantage coverage. Conclusions: LDL-C testing following MI hospital discharge among Medicare beneficiaries was low.

4.
Rheum Dis Clin North Am ; 50(3): 545-557, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38942584

RESUMO

With the advent of small-molecule immune modulators, recombinant fusion proteins, and monoclonal antibodies, treatment options for patients with rheumatic diseases are now broad. These agents carry significant risks and an individualized approach to each patient, balancing known risks and benefits, remains the most prudent course. This review summarizes the available immunosuppressant treatments, discusses their perioperative implications, and provides recommendations for their perioperative management.


Assuntos
Imunossupressores , Doenças Reumáticas , Humanos , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos
5.
J Am Geriatr Soc ; 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38826070

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) is associated with increased risk of hospitalizations and emergency room visits and varies by racial and ethnic subgroups. Medicare's nationwide medication therapy management (MTM) program requires that Part D plans offer an annual comprehensive medication review (CMR) to all beneficiaries who qualify, and provides a platform to reduce PIM use. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of CMR on PIM discontinuation in Medicare beneficiaries and whether this differed by race or ethnicity. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of community-dwelling Medicare Part D beneficiaries ≥66 years of age who were eligible for MTM from 2013 to 2019 based on 5% Medicare fee-for-service claims data linked to the 100% MTM data file. Among those using a PIM, MTM-eligible CMR recipients were matched to non-recipients via sequential stratification. The probability of PIM discontinuation was estimated using regression models that pooled yearly subcohorts accounting for within-beneficiary correlations. The most common PIMs that were discontinued after CMR were reported. RESULTS: We matched 24,368 CMR recipients to 24,368 CMR non-recipients during the observation period. Median age was 74-75, 35% were males, most were White beneficiaries (86%-87%), and the median number of PIMs was 1. In adjusted analyses, CMR receipt was positively associated with PIM discontinuation (adjusted relative risk [aRR]: 1.26, 95% CI: 1.20-1.32). There was no evidence of differential impact of CMR by race or ethnicity. The PIMs most commonly discontinued after CMR were glimepiride, zolpidem, digoxin, amitriptyline, and nitrofurantoin. CONCLUSIONS: Among Medicare beneficiaries who are using a PIM, CMR receipt was associated with PIM discontinuation, suggesting that greater CMR use could facilitate PIM reduction for all racial and ethnic groups.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38877814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pharmacologic management of mental health illnesses in patients receiving dialysis is complex and lacking data. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to synthesize published data for the treatment of depression, bipolar and related disorders, schizophrenia or psychotic disorders, and anxiety disorders in adults receiving hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. METHODS: We undertook a scoping review, searching the following databases: Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Web of Science. Data on patients who received only short-term dialysis, a kidney transplant, or non-pharmacologic treatments were excluded. RESULTS: Seventy-three articles were included: 41 focused on depression, 16 on bipolar disorder, 13 on schizophrenia and psychotic disorders, 1 on anxiety disorders, and 2 addressing multiple mental health illnesses. The majority of depression studies reported on selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) as a treatment. Sertraline had the most supporting data with use of doses from 25 to 200 mg daily. Among the remaining SSRIs, escitalopram, citalopram, and fluoxetine were studied in controlled trials, whereas paroxetine and fluvoxamine were described in smaller reports and observational trials. There are limited published data on other classes of antidepressants and on pharmacological management of anxiety. Data on treatment for patients with bipolar disorder or schizophrenia and related disorders are limited to case reports. CONCLUSION: Over half of the studies included were case reports, thus limiting conclusions. More robust data are required to establish effect sizes of pharmacological treatments prior to providing specific recommendations for their use in treating mental health illnesses in patients receiving dialysis.

7.
Farm Hosp ; 48(4): T164-T170, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38937161

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Respiratory diseases present a challenge for the healthcare system due to their prevalence and clinical impact. The aim of this study was to explore the current situation of hospital pharmacy in the field of respiratory diseases. METHOD: Observational, cross-sectional study, with a national scope, divided into 2 parts. In an initial phase, the activity and level of pharmaceutical care in respiratory diseases was evaluated through an online questionnaire using REDCap. The survey was addressed to department chiefs and consisted of 17 items, divided into 2 modules: general data and general activity. The second phase was open to hospital pharmacists, with the aim of exploring their opinion on care, training, and improvement needs. The number of items in this phase was 19, divided into 5 modules: general data, pharmaceutical care, competencies, training, and degree of satisfaction. RESULTS: In the first phase, 23 hospitals were included. Most of them (n=20) had a pharmacist in charge of respiratory diseases. However, a large proportion of them dedicated less than 40% of their working day to this activity. The pharmacist's activity occurred at the level of external patients (n=21), hospitalised patients (n=16), and secondarily in management (n=8). Integration is greater in pathologies such as asthma, IPF, pulmonary hypertension, and bronchiectasis. Participation in committees was present in 15 hospitals, with variability in pathologies and degree of involvement. In the second phase, 164 pharmacists participated, who considered pharmaceutical care in cystic fibrosis, asthma, and lung transplant as a priority. 51% considered integration to be adequate and 91% considered it necessary to implement prioritisation criteria. Professional competencies ranged from 6.5 to 6.9 out of 10 points. Only 45% of participants had received specific training in the last 4 years, indicating greater priority for asthma, pulmonary hypertension, and IPF. CONCLUSIONS: Most centers have pharmacists specialised in respiratory diseases. However, there is room for improvement in terms of subspecialisation, participation in multidisciplinary committees, implementation of prioritisation criteria, diversification in pathologies treated, as well as greater specific training in this area.


Assuntos
Farmacêuticos , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar , Espanha , Humanos , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar/organização & administração , Estudos Transversais , Doenças Respiratórias/tratamento farmacológico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Papel Profissional
8.
Gerontology ; : 1-16, 2024 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38897188

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hospitalization and discharge in older patients are critical and clinical pharmacists have shown to ameliorate risks. Our objective was to assess their benefit as part of the geriatric team regarding rehospitalizations and related outcomes after discharge focusing on general practitioners' decision to continue or change discharge medication (GPD). METHODS: Prospective implementation study with 6-month follow-up in an acute geriatric clinic. Patients ≥70 years with comorbidities, impairments, and a current drug therapy were consecutively assigned to three groups: control group (CG), implementation group (IG), and wash-out group (WG). CG only received medication reconciliation (MR) at admission; IG and their hospital physicians received a pharmaceutical counseling and medication management; during WG, pharmaceutical counseling except for MR was discontinued. We used a negative-binomial model to calculate rehospitalizations and days spent at home as well as a recurrent events survival model to investigate recurrent rehospitalizations. RESULTS: One hundred thirty-two patients (mean age 82 years, 76 women [57.6%]) finished the project. In most of the models for rehospitalizations, a positive GPD led to fewer events. We also found an effect of pharmaceutical counseling on rehospitalizations and recurrent rehospitalizations in the CG versus WG but not in the CG versus IG models. 95.3% of medication recommendations by the pharmacist in the clinic setting were accepted. While the number of positive GPDs in CG was low (38%), pharmaceutical counseling directly to the GP in IG led to a higher number of positive GPDs (60%). DISCUSSION: Although rehospitalizations were not directly reduced by our intervention in the CG versus IG, the pharmacist's acceptance rate in the hospital was very high and a positive GPD led to fewer rehospitalization in most models.

9.
Kidney Res Clin Pract ; 43(4): 548-558, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38934027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Acute Disease Quality Initiative advocates multidisciplinary care for the survivors of acute kidney injury (AKI). The bundled care strategy recognizes the role of pharmacists. However, their specific contributions in this context remain underexplored. METHODS: This retrospective study examined the efficacy of pharmacist-led post-AKI pharmaceutical care in outpatient settings at a single center. Adults with recent AKI during hospitalization, maintaining an estimated glomerular filtration rate <45 mL/min/1.73 m2 postdischarge, were enrolled in a multidisciplinary team care program from March 2022 to January 2023, with a 6-month follow-up period. Pharmacist-delivered care adhered to international multidisciplinary consensus guidelines. Efficacy was evaluated by analyzing medication-related recommendations, medication adherence, nephrotoxic drug utilization, and renoprotective medication usage before and after the intervention. RESULTS: A total of 40 patients were referred to the pharmacist-managed clinic. Of these, 33 patients (mean age, 63 ± 15 years; 60.6% male) attended the clinic. Nineteen patients completed follow-up visits. The pharmacist provided 14 medication-related recommendations to relevant physicians, with 10 of these recommendations (71.4%) being accepted. There was a significant decrease in the use of modifiable nephrotoxic drugs (p = 0.03). However, no significant improvements were noted in medication adherence or the utilization of renoprotective medications. CONCLUSION: Our study underscores the potential benefits of pharmacist-led post-AKI bundled care strategy in outpatient settings. We observed a significant reduction in the utilization of modifiable nephrotoxic drugs, indicating the effectiveness of pharmacist interventions in optimizing medication regimens to mitigate renal harm.

10.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 60(5)2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38792982

RESUMO

Backgrounds and Objectives: Using certain medications during an intercurrent illness can increase the risk of drug related problems (DRP) occurring such as acute kidney injury (AKI). Medications that increase this risk include sulfonylureas, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, diuretics, metformin, angiotensin receptor blockers, non-steroidal anti-inflammatories drugs, and sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SADMANS). Sick day medication guidance (SDMG) recommends withholding SADMANS medications during an intercurrent illness where adequate fluid intake cannot be maintained. But uptake of these recommendations is poor, and it is not known whether Australian pharmacists currently provide these recommendations during home medicine reviews (HMR) as per SDMG. We aimed to gain an understanding of the characteristics of DRP identified by pharmacists during HMR, especially those relating to SADMANS medications. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective audit of 201 randomly selected HMR reports, conducted by accredited pharmacists from 2020 to 2022, that were analysed in 2023. All DRP and recommendations were categorised using a modified DOCUMENT system. Results: Overall, over 98% of participants experienced a DRP and a total of 710 DRP were found, where participants experienced an average of 4.0 ± 2.0 DRP each. Non-SADMANS medications accounted for 83.1% of all DRPs, with nervous system medications contributing the most. Common problems seen in non-SADMANS medications were related to toxicity, over/underdosing and undertreating. Diuretics contributed most to DRP in SADMANS medications. Problems with SADMANS were mainly related to toxicity and contraindications. No pharmacists provided SDMG despite 71.1% of participants using at least one SADMANS medication. Conclusions: We conclude that DRP remain prevalent in community pharmacy settings. Sick day recommendations were not provided in the HMRs included in our study, possibly due to lack of pharmacist knowledge and awareness. To ensure best practice, more research should be conducted to determine pharmacists' knowledge of and barriers to provision of sick day recommendations.


Assuntos
Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Humanos , Austrália , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Farmacêuticos , Conduta do Tratamento Medicamentoso/normas , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
13.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38750238

RESUMO

Medication analyses by ward pharmacists are an important measure of drug therapy safety (DTS). Medication-related problems (MRPs) are identified and resolved with the attending clinicians. However, staff resources for extended medication analyses and complete documentation are often limited. Until now, data required for the identification of risk patients and for an extended medication analysis often had to be collected from various parts of the institution's internal electronic medical record (EMR). This error-prone and time-consuming process is to be improved in the INTERPOLAR (INTERventional POLypharmacy-Drug interActions-Risks) project using an IT tool provided by the data integration centers (DIC).INTERPOLAR is a use case of the Medical Informatics Initiative (MII) that focuses on the topic of DTS. The planning phase took place in 2023, with routine implementation planned from 2024. DTS-relevant data from the EMR is to be presented and the documentation of MRPs in routine care is to be facilitated. The prospective multicenter, cluster-randomized INTERPOLAR­1 study serves to evaluate the benefits of IT support in routine care. The aim is to show that more MRPs can be detected and resolved with the help of IT support. For this purpose, six normal wards will be selected at each of eight university hospitals, so that 48 clusters (with a total of at least 70,000 cases) are available for randomization.


Assuntos
Erros de Medicação , Humanos , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/prevenção & controle , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Alemanha , Informática Médica , Erros de Medicação/prevenção & controle , Segurança do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Melhoria de Qualidade
14.
BMC Urol ; 24(1): 95, 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38658949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the publication of several meta-analyses regarding the efficacy of certain therapies in helping individuals with interstitial cystitis (IC) / bladder pain syndrome (BPS), these have not provided a comprehensive review of therapeutic strategies. The study aimed to determine the efficacy of various therapies for IC/BPS and identify potential moderating factors using randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: We queried the PubMed, Cochrane, and Embase databases to identify prospective RCTs using inclusion criteria: 1) patients diagnosed with IC, 2) interventions included relevant treatments, 3) comparisons were a specified control or placebo, 4) outcomes were mean differences for individual symptoms and structured questionnaires. The pairwise meta-analysis and network meta-analysis (NMA) were performed to compare the treatments used in IC/BPS. Hedges' g standardized mean differences (SMDs) were used for improvement in all outcomes using random-effects models. Efficacy outcomes included individual symptoms such as pain, frequency, urgency, and nocturia, as well as structured questionnaires measuring IC/BPS symptoms. RESULTS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted which identified 70 RCTs with 3,651 patients. The analysis revealed that certain treatments, such as instillation and intravesical injection, showed statistically significant improvements in pain and urgency compared to control or placebo groups in traditional pairwise meta-analysis. However, no specific treatment demonstrated significant improvement in all outcomes measured in the NMA. The results of moderator analyses to explore influential variables indicated that increasing age was associated with increased nocturia, while longer follow-up periods were associated with decreased frequency. CONCLUSION: This systematic review and meta-analysis provide insights into the efficacy of various treatments for IC. Current research suggests that a combination of therapies may have a positive clinical outcome for patients with IC, despite the fact that treatment for this condition is not straightforward. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42022384024.


Assuntos
Cistite Intersticial , Metanálise em Rede , Cistite Intersticial/terapia , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Ann Pharmacother ; : 10600280241240409, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563565

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to explore and describe the role of pharmacists in providing postdischarge care to patients with kidney disease. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase (Elsevier), CINAHL (Ebscohost), Web of Science Core Collection, and Scopus were searched on January 30, 2023. Publication date limits were not included. Search terms were identified based on 3 concepts: kidney disease, pharmacy services, and patient discharge. Experimental, quasi-experimental, observational, and qualitative studies, or study protocols, describing the pharmacist's role in providing postdischarge care for patients with kidney disease, excluding kidney transplant recipients, were eligible. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: Six unique interventions were described in 10 studies meeting inclusion criteria. DATA SYNTHESIS: Four interventions targeted patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) during hospitalization and 2 evaluated patients with pre-existing chronic kidney disease. Pharmacists were a multidisciplinary care team (MDCT) member in 5 interventions and were the sole provider in 1. Roles commonly identified include medication review, medication reconciliation, medication action plan formation, kidney function assessment, drug dose adjustments, and disease education. Some studies showed improvements in diagnostic coding, laboratory monitoring, medication therapy problem (MTP) resolution, and patient education; prevention of hospital readmission was inconsistent. Limitations include lack of standardized reporting of kidney disease, transitions of care processes, and differences in outcomes evaluated. RELEVANCE TO PATIENT CARE AND CLINICAL PRACTICE: This review identifies potential roles of a pharmacist as part of a postdischarge MDCT for patients with varying degrees of kidney disease. CONCLUSIONS: The pharmacist's role in providing postdischarge care to patients with kidney disease is inconsistent. Multidisciplinary care teams including a pharmacist provided consistent identification and resolution of MTPs, improved patient education, and increased self-awareness of diagnosis.

16.
Am J Pharm Educ ; 88(5): 100699, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582309

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a virtual medication adherence training (VMAT) program on students' perceived confidence and perceived competency in delivering medication adherence services via telehealth. METHODS: This pilot pre-/post-observational study consisted of 2 subsequent sections: (1) 4 asynchronous self-study modules via Canvas (Instructure, Inc.) learning management system, and (2) 2 live application-based sessions involving virtual and telephonic standardized patients. A pre-/post-survey was given to first-, second-, and third-year Doctor of Pharmacy students to assess perceived confidence and perceived competence. Participants completed a 5-question multiple-choice quiz before and after each module to assess knowledge. RESULTS: Students' overall perceived confidence and perceived competency significantly increased upon completing VMAT. Knowledge in each module assessment also significantly improved. During the assessment of performance throughout the live sessions, most participants lost points when resolving issues within the interaction, addressing the need for patient follow-up, and assessing patient knowledge of medication adherence. CONCLUSION: This novel VMAT suggests that this or similar programs would be beneficial to improve pharmacy students' perceived confidence, perceived competence, and knowledge in delivering virtual medication adherence services in the telehealth setting. The incorporation of such training within the didactic curriculum of doctoral pharmacy programs should be considered to improve patient care skills for future medication experts.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Educação em Farmácia , Adesão à Medicação , Estudantes de Farmácia , Telemedicina , Humanos , Estudantes de Farmácia/psicologia , Educação em Farmácia/métodos , Projetos Piloto , Avaliação Educacional , Feminino , Currículo , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Farm Hosp ; 48(4): 164-170, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580504

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Respiratory diseases present a challenge for the healthcare system due to their prevalence and clinical impact. The aim of this study was to explore the current situation of hospital pharmacy in the field of respiratory diseases. METHOD: Observational, cross-sectional study, with a national scope, divided into 2 parts. In an initial phase, the activity and level of pharmaceutical care in respiratory diseases was evaluated through an online questionnaire using REDCap. The survey was addressed to department chiefs and consisted of 17 items, divided into 2 modules: general data and general activity. The second phase was open to hospital pharmacists, with the aim of exploring their opinion on care, training, and improvement needs. The number of items in this phase was 19, divided into 5 modules: general data, pharmaceutical care, competencies, training and degree of satisfaction. RESULTS: In the first phase, 23 hospitals were included. Most of them (n=20) had a pharmacist in charge of respiratory diseases. However, a large proportion of them dedicated less than 40% of their working day to this activity. The pharmacist's activity occurred at the level of external patients (n=20), hospitalized patients (n=16), and secondarily in management (n=8). Integration is greater in pathologies such as asthma, IPF, pulmonary hypertension, and bronchiectasis. Participation in committees was present in 15 hospitals, with variability in pathologies and degree of involvement. In the second phase, 164 pharmacists participated, who considered pharmaceutical care in cystic fibrosis, asthma and lung transplant as a priority. Fifty-one percent considered integration to be adequate and 91% considered it necessary to implement prioritization criteria. Professional competencies ranged from 6.5-6.9 out of 10 points. Only 45% of participants had received specific training in the last four years, indicating greater priority for asthma, pulmonary hypertension and IPF. CONCLUSIONS: Most centers have pharmacists specialized in respiratory diseases. However, there is room for improvement in terms of sub specialization, participation in multidisciplinary committees, implementation of prioritization criteria, diversification in pathologies treated, as well as greater specific training in this area.


Assuntos
Farmacêuticos , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar , Espanha , Humanos , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar/organização & administração , Estudos Transversais , Doenças Respiratórias/tratamento farmacológico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Papel Profissional
18.
J Pharm Technol ; 40(2): 66-71, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525089

RESUMO

Background: Telepharmacy, which utilizes telecommunication technology to provide pharmaceutical care remotely, has gained significance in expanding access to pharmacists, particularly in areas with limited health care facility access. The COVID-19 pandemic, with its restrictions on in-person interactions, underscored the importance of telepharmacy in ensuring continuity of care. Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the impact of telepharmacy on the delivery of clinical pharmacy services before and after the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This study explores the use of telepharmacy in delivering medication therapy management (MTM), chronic disease management (CDM), chronic opioid analgesic therapy (COAT), and transitions of care (TCM) visits. Data from electronic health records (EHRs) was collected to analyze the number referrals, number and type of visits, mode of visits, and locations served using correlations and descriptive statistics. Results: The findings indicate an increase in the number of referrals and visits following the pandemic, with a shift toward telepharmacy visits. The study highlights the convenience and accessibility provided by telepharmacy, resulting in improved patient access to clinical pharmacy services at 1 Midwest health system following the COVID-19 pandemic. Conclusions: The continued use of telepharmacy is important to ensure that patients, especially those in rural locations, have access to health care services and can be a positive factor in growing clinical pharmacy services.

19.
J Pharm Technol ; 40(2): 108-111, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525095

RESUMO

Introduction: While glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) have become increasingly prescribed, use is often inhibited by the gastrointestinal adverse effects that patients must endure. Nausea, vomiting, and cholelithiasis are most commonly associated with use, with little to no data or labeling reflecting risk of appendicitis or associated symptoms. Appendicitis etiology is theorized to develop secondary to obstruction of the vermiform via infection or fecalith causing an increase in intraluminal pressure. It is hypothesized that given the aforementioned gastrointestinal effects associated with GLP-1 RAs, patients taking such agents may be more at risk for developing this acute condition. Patient Case: We describe a case of a 48-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department several months after being initiated on Ozempic (semaglutide). This report aims to analyze the potential secondary adverse effects that may result from GLP-1 RA use. Her examination was positive for focal abdominal tenderness and leukocytosis along with imaging suggestive of appendicitis. Her acute condition ultimately required an appendectomy. Discussion: While minimal data are available to suggest significant causation between GLP-1 RAs and appendicitis, a literature and database search revealed that instances may be more common than previously thought. Conclusion: Trial results and adverse event reporting systems report an infrequent incidence in patients using these medications, but this report aims to contribute to the literature describing this potential adverse event.

20.
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