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1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 279: 121451, 2022 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35675738

RESUMO

Class identification and prediction of physicochemical variables of eight diesel fuel brands collected from several stations within the Atlanta metropolitan area in the State of Georgia were investigated using principal component analysis (PCA), partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS2-DA), and partial least squares regression (PLSR) as modeling techniques. The fuels were from a common pipeline, therefore, assumed to have very similar characteristics. Ten FTIR-ATR spectra per fuel brand were collected over the 650 - 4000 cm-1 mid-infrared region, and the 80 x 3351 matrix was submitted to PCA to determine if there were any clusters. Following PCA, the 80 x 3351 matrix was split into a training matrix (56x3351) and a test matrix (24x3351). PLS2-DA models were built and evaluated for class identification using dummy variables (I,0) as input matrix. For physicochemical variable predictions, models were developed via PLSR using the FTIR-ATR spectra training matrix and physicochemical variables obtained from the Georgia Department of Agriculture Labs as input. Correlation coefficients of the eight fuels ranged from 0.9960 to 0.9998. PCA revealed all eight clusters of the diesel fuels, regardless of the tight correlation coefficients range. With a 1.0 ± 0.1 cut-off for fuel identification, the PLS2-DA models showed 100% correct predictions for four or five fuel brands, and 75% correct prediction for all eight fuel brands. PLSR predicted 100% correct physicochemical variables, with a RMSEP range of 0.019 to 1.132 for all 80 variables targeted.

2.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 29(11): 15490-15500, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628614

RESUMO

Nutrient discharge into rivers and estuaries and the factors that control it need to be further understood to decrease the risk of harmful algae blooms on these ecosystems. Preliminary seasonal physicochemical parameters at six stations along the Negro River Estuary (Argentina) were studied during 2019 (Austral summer, winter, and spring) with high- and low-frequency data. Three of the stations were mainly estuarine-influenced and three were marine-influenced ones. The concentration of phosphate (P), river discharge, meteorological conditions, seasonality, and physicochemical variables were analyzed. Total phosphorus (TP) showed seasonal variations and was higher than previously reported for the upper watershed in all stations in the warmer months, except for the marine control one. Orthophosphate values were also high compared to previous watershed data and changed independently of TP fluctuations. Changing turbidity, water temperature, pH, and conductivity did not appear to have an essential role in phosphorus variations. An unexplained high TP spike in the late spring sample shows the need for further research in the area, while the seawater mixing with P-rich river water could be acting as a dilution agent at the mouth of the river.


Assuntos
Estuários , Rios , Afro-Americanos , Argentina , China , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Fósforo/análise , Estações do Ano
3.
Environ Monit Assess ; 193(6): 348, 2021 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34018048

RESUMO

The change in the water quality of rainfall impacts water supply through the contamination of surface water and groundwater. The presence of potential sources for metals in the form of aerosol through atmospheric transportation from gold tailings dams, coal mines, and coal-fired power stations increases the risk of water quality deterioration in the Johannesburg region. Rainfall monitoring was conducted for one hydrological year. Rainfall amount was measured, and samples were collected for stable isotope and metal analysis. Some metals show very high concentration in the rainfall with a decreasing order from zinc, cadmium, copper to lead. Their presence in the water is not desirable, as a result of favourable pH and Eh conditions in the rainfall with contaminant inputs from the gold tailing dams, coal mines, and coal-fired power stations. Therefore, the Johannesburg rainfall can be considered as potentially toxic due to the constant input of meals into water supply dams and aquifers recharged by the rainfall.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Água Subterrânea , Carvão Mineral/análise , Metais/análise , África do Sul
4.
Environ Monit Assess ; 193(6): 366, 2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34046759

RESUMO

A study was carried out in the coastal waters of Kalpakkam with the objectives to evaluate the seasonality in hydrobiological parameters in surface and bottom waters, and assess the anthropogenic stress and monsoonal flux on a spatiotemporal scale. The study covered an area of approximately 100 km2 in the coastal environment. Relatively high values for pH, temperature, and TP were observed during the post-monsoon (POM) season. The monsoon (MON) season was linked with TN, ammonia, and DO concentrations as all these parameters have shown increased values during this season due to freshwater input. The summer (SUM) season was characterized by salinity, turbidity, nitrate, phosphate, and silicate, indicating a true marine environmental condition for plankton production. Principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis (CA) indicated the presence of distinct coastal water masses with respect to seasons and sampling regions. The spatial pattern indicated the distinctness of the coastal nearshore water (CNW) and coastal offshore water (COW) with respect to water quality. The CNW was more dynamic due to direct external influence as compared to the relatively stable COW environment. Similarly, the study region in the northern part, which is continuously exposed to the backwater inputs and tourism activities, was statistically different from the southern part.


Assuntos
Baías , Água do Mar , Monitoramento Ambiental , Índia , Estações do Ano
5.
Neotrop Entomol ; 50(1): 21-31, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33104980

RESUMO

Alterations in the environmental gradients of streams have a direct influence on the structure of the insect communities of the orders Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, and Trichoptera (EPT), which are extremely sensitive to changes in habitat. The present study evaluated how habitat integrity in streams influence the composition of EPT genera, by testing three hypotheses: (i) the composition of the EPT genera is modified along the gradient of environmental disturbance; (ii) the composition of the EPT genera is more homogeneous in gradients with a higher degree of anthropogenic disturbance, and (iii) the greatest degree of environmental disturbance along the gradient results in the reduction of the richness and abundance of EPT genera. The study focused on 14 tributaries of the middle Itapecuru River, within an area of ecotone between the Brazilian Cerrado and Caatinga biomes. Data on the structure and physicochemical traits of the streams were collected between September 2014 and July 2015, a period that covers both the dry and rainy seasons in the study region. The results of the present study indicate that the composition of the EPT genera is modified in accordance with the variation in the habitat integrity, although, in contrast with expectations, more impacted areas had a more heterogeneous composition than undisturbed ones. The areas with more integrated landscapes contribute positively to the richness and abundance of EPT genera of the streams of the Cerrado-Caatinga ecotone. Given this, habitat integrity provide an important predictor of EPT diversity in the streams of the Cerrado-Caatinga ecotone.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Insetos/classificação , Rios , Animais , Organismos Aquáticos , Brasil , Rios/química , Estações do Ano
6.
FEMS Microbiol Ecol ; 96(12)2020 11 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038219

RESUMO

Soil microbial communities play critical roles in maintaining natural ecosystems such as the Campos biome grasslands of southern South America. These grasslands are characterized by a high diversity of soils, low available phosphorus (P) and limited water holding capacity. This work aimed to describe prokaryotic communities associated with different soil types and to examine the relationship among these soil communities, the parent material and the soil nutrient status. Five Uruguayan soils with different parent material and nutrient status, under natural grasslands, were compared. The structure and diversity of prokaryotic communities were characterized by sequencing 16S rRNA gene amplicons. Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Firmicutes,Verrucomicrobia, Acidobacteria, Planctomycetes and Chloroflexi were the predominant phyla. Ordination based on several distance measures was able to discriminate clearly between communities associated with different soil types. Edge-PCA phylogeny-sensitive ordination and differential relative abundance analyses identified Archaea and the bacterial phyla Firmicutes, Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria and Verrucomicrobia as those with significant differences among soil types. Canonical analysis of principal coordinates identified porosity, clay content, available P, soil organic carbon and water holding capacity as the main variables contributing to determine the characteristic prokaryotic communities of each soil type.


Assuntos
Microbiologia do Solo , Solo , Carbono , Ecossistema , Pradaria , Nutrientes , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , América do Sul , Água
7.
Environ Monit Assess ; 192(6): 394, 2020 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32458103

RESUMO

The Kali River is a significant source of surface water as well as the main tributary of River Hindon that flows through major cities of western Uttar Pradesh, India. It flows throughout the urban and industrial regions; hence, it carries various amounts of pollutant. Therefore, a study was conducted to examine spatial-temporal variations in river water quality by determining physicochemical variables and heavy metal concentrations at seventeen sampling stations (S1-S17) throughout the river stretch. Various physicochemical variables, namely pH, EC, TDS, turbidity, BOD, COD, TH, TA, Ca, Mg, Na, K, HCO3-, Cl-, SO42-, NO3-, and PO43- were higher in summer than in winter. The order of mean metal concentrations was Fe > Pb > Mn > Ni > Zn > Cu > Cr > Cd. The relationships among measured physicochemical variables and pollution index were examined. Furthermore, multivariate statistical methods were used to assess spatial-temporal variation in water quality to identify current pollution sources and validate results. Water quality index and comprehensive pollution index indicated that the Kali River was less polluted from S1 to S8. However, downstream sampling sites were polluted. Pollution starts from S9 and drastically increases at and beyond S13 because of effluents from industries and sugar mills in Muzaffarnagar. The study suggests cleaning the downstream region of river to restore human health and flora and fauna in the river ecosystem.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Análise Multivariada , Rios , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Qualidade da Água , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Humanos , Índia , Metais Pesados/análise , Rios/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Qualidade da Água/normas
8.
Environ Monit Assess ; 190(9): 532, 2018 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30121779

RESUMO

Coastal areas are urbanized and industrialized environments, affected by dredging operations, discharges of untreated municipal wastewaters, and farming. Developing countries are in continuous growth and will deal, in a close future, with the highest rate of coastal transformation, posing serious risks for the ecological and environmental value of ecosystem assets. This research aims to study the dissolved and particulate Cr, Ni, Pb and Zn values within an argentinean estuarine environment which is currently under human-induced pressures. Concentrations of all the metals under analyses showed seasonal variability of both dissolved and particulate metals. An important outcome of this study was that dissolved Cr, Pb and Zn attained maximum values and overall increased concentrations with respect to previous records from the same area. Indeed, the highest concentrations were found during the dredging operations or in association with increases in the metal levels from wastewater discharges. The results also indicated that human activities contributed the least to the dissolved Ni concentrations. The particulate fraction of Cr, Ni and Zn showed an upward trend in the concentrations, particularly during the last two sampling dates, being also positively correlated between each other. Regarding their respective environmental quality standards, many samples achieved dissolved Cr and Zn concentrations above the maximum values recommended by international guidelines. Thus, this study highlights the possibility of stressors like dredging activities and municipal wastewaters to cause increases in the water column pollution levels.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Estuários , Metais/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Humanos , Metais Pesados/análise
9.
Rev. biol. trop ; 66(1): 415-427, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-897682

RESUMO

Abstract The reservoirs of the upper Juramento basin (Cabra Corral and El Tunal) and the Salí-Dulce basin (El Cadillal, Río Hondo, and Escaba) show certain peculiarities due to their geographical location, basin morphology and limnological features. Such peculiarities were compared during significant algal bloom periods between 2002 and 2008, by analyzing the main physicochemical parameters and ecological attributes of the phytoplankton assemblages using standard methods. Tucumán reservoirs were different in most variables showing higher values of conductivity, nutrients and algal biomass. Regarding the hydrological cycle, El Cadillal exhibited the lowest biomass average (2.74 mg Chl.m-3) during maximum water flows, whereas the Cabra Corral lacustrine zone exhibited the highest biomass average (63.36 mg Chl.m-3) during minimum water flows. For the same period, the Cabra Corral lacustrine zone exhibited lower phytoplankton diversity and richness (1.37 and 9, respectively), in accordance with dinophyte blooms of Ceratium sp. In all reservoirs, the following biological variables showed a significant contrast in the hydrological cycle: highest phytoplankton biomass during minimum water flows (35.68 mg Chl-a m-3) vs. waterfloods (13.68 mg Chl-a m-3) (T = 3.42, P = 0.001). During minimum water flows, richness (14.30 sp.) and equitability (0.51) were lower vs. waterfloods (20.23, 0.59, respectively) (T = 2.36; P = 0.0196), as a result of the allochthonous nutrients provided by the main tributaries. Management of the reservoirs' hydrometric levels during dry season determines the deterioration of the water quality with increased algal blooms. In order to ensure the systems' sustainability, eutrophication must be controlled with programs to reduce diffuse nutrient loads and to treat residential and agroindustrial effluents, particularly in Sali-Dulce basin. Rev. Biol. Trop. 66(1): 415-427. Epub 2018 March 01.


Resumen Los embalses de la Alta Cuenca del Juramento (Cabra Corral y El Tunal) y del Salí-Dulce (El Cadillal, Río Hondo y Escaba) por su ubicación geográfica, morfología y características limnológicas muestran ciertas peculiaridades que son comparadas en el período relevante de proliferaciones algales acaecidas entre 2002 y 2008, mediante análisis de los principales parámetros fisicoquímicos y atributos ecológicos de los ensambles del fitoplancton por empleo de técnicas estandarizadas. Los embalses de Tucumán se diferenciaron en la mayoría de las variables con valores más elevados de conductividad, nutrientes y biomasa de algas. En función del ciclo hidrológico, El Cadillal en aguas altas presentó el promedio más bajo de biomasa (2.74 mg Cl.m-3) y en contraste Cabra Corral el más elevado (63.36 mgCl.m-3) durante los caudales mínimos de agua. En éste último, en el mismo período, también la diversidad y riqueza de especies del fitoplancton fueron menores (1.37 y 9 respectivamente), en concordancia con las proliferaciones de dinófitos (Ceratium sp.). Las siguientes variables biológicas en el conjunto de embalses presentaron un contraste significativo en el ciclo hidrológico: biomasa del fitoplancton más elevada en estiaje (35.68 mg Cl a. m-3) versus crecidas (13.68 mg Cl a. m-3) (T = 3.42; P = 0.001). En estiaje, la riqueza (14.30 sp) y equitatividad (0.51) fueron menores versus crecidas (20.23, 0.59, respectivamente) (T = 2.36; P = 0.0196), debido al aporte alóctono de nutrientes por los tributarios principales. El manejo de los niveles hidrométricos de los embalses durante el estiaje determina el deterioro de la calidad de sus aguas con incremento de proliferaciones algales. Para asegurar la sustentabilidad de los sistemas, es indispensable el control de la eutrofización mediante programas de reducción de cargas difusas de nutrientes y tratamiento de efluentes domiciliarios y agroindustriales, particularmente en la cuenca del Sali-Dulce.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; 612: 71-80, 2018 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28846906

RESUMO

Toxic benthic cyanobacterial proliferations, particularly of the genus Phormidium, are a major concern in many countries due to their increasing extent and severity. The aim of this study was to improve the current understanding of the dominant physicochemical variables associated with high Phormidium cover and toxin concentrations. Phormidium cover and anatoxin concentrations were assessed weekly for 30weeks in eight predominately cobble-bed rivers in the South Island of New Zealand. Phormidium cover was highly variable both spatially (among and within sites) and temporally. Generalized additive mixed models (GAMMs) identified site, month of the year, conductivity and nutrient concentrations over the accrual period as significant variables associated with Phormidium cover. Cover was greatest under low to intermediate accrual dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) and dissolved reactive phosphorus (DRP) concentrations. Accrual nutrients had a strong, negative effect on cover at concentrations>0.2mgL-1 DIN and 0.014mgL-1 DRP. The effect of flow was generally consistent across rivers, with cover accruing with time since the last flushing flow. Total anatoxins were detected at all eight study sites, at concentrations ranging from 0.008 to 662.5mgkg-1 dried weight. GAMMs predicted higher total anatoxin concentrations between November and February and during periods of accrual DRP<0.02mgL-1. This study suggests that multiple physicochemical variables may influence Phormidium proliferations and also evidenced large site-to-site variability. This result highlights a challenge from a management perspective, as it suggests that mitigation options are likely to be site-specific.


Assuntos
Cianobactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Toxinas Marinhas/análise , Nitrogênio/análise , Fósforo/análise , Rios , Nova Zelândia , Estações do Ano , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Movimentos da Água
11.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 49(4): 366-376, Dec. 2017. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-958018

RESUMO

El control del agua de consumo es importante, ya sea que esta provenga de sistemas de potabilización o que carezca de tratamiento previo. El acceso creciente a agua potabilizada ha sido monitorizado a lo largo de los últimos anos a fin de alcanzar los denominados «Objetivos de desarrollo del milenio¼, cuyo plazo se cumplió en 2015. De cara al futuro, los llamados «Objetivos de desarrollo sostenible¼, que se han propuesto para el año 2030, buscan garantizar el acceso a agua segura de toda la población mundial. En el marco de estas metas mundiales, es importante la monitorización de los sistemas locales. En este trabajo se estudió una población que cuenta con diferentes sistemas de provisión de agua de consumo, que incluyen o no el tratamiento de aquella. Se realizó la monitorización de todos los indicadores microbiológicos regidos por el Código Alimentario Argentino y de diversas variables fisicoquímicas, a fin de diferenciar los sitios de muestreo de acuerdo con la influencia de la estacionalidad, el tipo de fuente de provisión de agua y la correlación entre las variables microbiológicas y las fisicoquímicas. Se observó que el agua proveniente de fuentes con tratamiento presentó desviaciones en algunas de sus variables en época de lluvias, mientras que las fuentes sin tratamiento no cumplieron con los requerimientos bacteriológicos en forma permanente. Este estudio pone de manifiesto la importancia de reevaluar los sistemas de potabilización, que deberían garantizar su eficacia de manera constante, así como la inmediata necesidad de desarrollar nuevos sistemas de tratamiento para dar solución a la población que aún no cuenta con agua de consumo segura.


Drinking water monitoring plans are important to characterize both treated and untreated water used for drinking purposes. Access to drinking water increased in recent years as a response to the Millennium Development Goals set for 2015. The new Sustainable Development Goals aim to ensure universal access to safe drinking water by 2030. Within the framework of these global goals, it is crucial to monitor local drinking water systems. In this paper, treated and untreated water from different sources currently consumed in a specific town in Salta, northern Argentina, was thoroughly assessed. Monitoring extended along several seasons and included the physical, chemical and microbiological variables recommended by the Argentine Food Code. On the one hand, treated water mostly complies with these standards, with some non-compliances detected during the rainy season. Untreated water, on the other hand, never meets microbiological standards and is unfit for human consumption. Monitoring seems essential to detect anomalies and help guarantee a constant provision of safe drinking water. New treatment plants are urgently needed to expand the water grid to the entire population.

12.
Rev Argent Microbiol ; 49(4): 366-376, 2017.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28823553

RESUMO

Drinking water monitoring plans are important to characterize both treated and untreated water used for drinking purposes. Access to drinking water increased in recent years as a response to the Millennium Development Goals set for 2015. The new Sustainable Development Goals aim to ensure universal access to safe drinking water by 2030. Within the framework of these global goals, it is crucial to monitor local drinking water systems. In this paper, treated and untreated water from different sources currently consumed in a specific town in Salta, northern Argentina, was thoroughly assessed. Monitoring extended along several seasons and included the physical, chemical and microbiological variables recommended by the Argentine Food Code. On the one hand, treated water mostly complies with these standards, with some non-compliances detected during the rainy season. Untreated water, on the other hand, never meets microbiological standards and is unfit for human consumption. Monitoring seems essential to detect anomalies and help guarantee a constant provision of safe drinking water. New treatment plants are urgently needed to expand the water grid to the entire population.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Microbiologia da Água , Abastecimento de Água , Argentina , Cidades , Humanos , Estações do Ano
13.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 117(1-2): 429-435, 2017 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28209362

RESUMO

Effective conservation of mangroves requires a complete understanding of vegetation structure and identification of the variables most important to their assembly. Using canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) combined with variation partition, we determined the independent and joint effects of sediment variables, including physicochemical characteristics and heavy metals, on mangrove community assemblies in the overstory and understory in Leizhou Peninsula, China. The results indicated that the contributions of sediment physicochemical variables to community assembly were greater than were those of heavy metals, particularly in overstory vegetation. However, the independent contributions of heavy metals were higher in understory mangrove vegetation than in the overstory. The TOC, TP, and salinity of the sediment, distance from the coastline, and concentration of As were limiting factors for mangrove assembly in overstory vegetation, while understory vegetation may be affected to a greater degree by the distance from the coastline, electrical conductivity, and concentration of As and Pb in the sediment.


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Áreas Alagadas , Avicennia , China , Metais Pesados/análise , Salinidade
14.
Sci Total Environ ; 568: 875-884, 2016 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27335161

RESUMO

Algae and aquatic vascular plants were investigated along a highly modified medium-sized lowland river (Oglio River, northern Italy). We focused on the role of fragmentation and groundwater supply in driving macrophyte assemblages, paying particular attention to soft-bodied benthic algae. Four different a priori stretch types (dammed, groundwater-dependent, potamal and rhithral) were identified along the river longitudinal gradient as proxies of river hydrology and relative human-induced flow alterations. Over three years (2009-2011), taxa diversity, cover data, spatial and temporal dynamics and indicator and detector species were compared with physical, chemical and hydrological variables at 30 different river sites. Data was explored by indicator species analysis, nonmetric multidimensional scaling, and PROTEST. A total of 88 taxa, of which 36 were algae (equal to 40.9% of the total diversity), 3 bryophytes (3.4%) and 49 vascular plants (55.7%), were recorded. Taxa diversity peaked at the groundwater-dependent sites for both algae and vascular plants (with a mean of 12.8±2.7 and 12.7±4.8 taxa per site, respectively). Algae cover values were one order of magnitude higher than those of vascular plants (with an overall mean of 37.0±24.2% per site). The vascular plants counterbalanced the algae coverage values exclusively at the dammed sites (27.6±23.2% vs 28.2±13.9%, respectively). A clear zonation of communities emerged from the multivariate analysis, which revealed taxa rearrangements that largely overlapped the river stretch types. Inter-annual comparisons confirmed the strong stability of the primary producer communities in the short term (three years). Our work substantiates the pivotal role played by fragmentation and hydrology, in addition to groundwater, in structuring riverine macrophyte communities. Further investigations are needed to resolve the uncertainty surrounding the non-linear responses of macrophytes to the physical and chemical conditions of rivers.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Água Subterrânea/análise , Microalgas , Plantas , Alga Marinha , Biodiversidade , Hidrologia , Itália , Rios
15.
Aquat Biosyst ; 11: 1, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25694810

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In freshwater systems, microalgae are the major biomass of microorganisms. They occur in ecosystems that are largely structured by the climatic regime, the physical and chemical environments with which they interact, and the biological interactions that occur within them. Amphibian larvae are most present in standing water habitats where they are important primary and secondary consumers and even predators. Studies conducted in America and Europe have shown that tadpoles play an important role in the regulation of the algal community structure and water quality in ecosystems. This article aimed to study the effects of the physicochemical variables and tadpole assemblages of four species on microalgae in artificial freshwater ponds using an experimental approach in the Pendjari area, a flora and fauna reserve located in the extreme north-west of Benin. RESULTS: The species of phytoplankton and periphyton recorded in ponds were among the taxonomical groups of chlorophytes, cyanophytes, euglenophytes, diatoms and dinoflagellates. Chlorophytes were the dominant group in the algal communities. Physicochemical variables affected the biomass of the different communities of algae in temporary freshwater ponds. Transparency and pond size were the most determinative variables of the structure of microalgae communities in ponds. Tadpoles of Kassina fusca, Ptychadena. bibroni, and Phrynomantis microps were important for the regulation of the water quality and algal community structure by grazing and filter-feeding. CONCLUSIONS: A decrease in the tadpole population in the artificial temporary ponds due to predation by carnivorous tadpoles of Hoplobatrachus occipitalis caused a disturbance of the algal community structure. This means that the decline of the amphibian population will critically lead to the impoverishment of ecosystems, thereby negatively influencing aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.

16.
Neotrop. ichthyol ; 7(3): 421-428, Sept. 2009. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: lil-530307

RESUMO

This study aims to determine which of twelve environmental parameters (five physicochemical and seven hydromorphological) influence on the fish assemblage structure of the lower Mortes River basin located in the Bananal floodplain of the Araguaia River basin, Central Brazil. Sampling was conducted in six stretches of 1000 m each during the high and low waters. Fish were captured using gill nets and environmental parameters were measured by portable equipment or determined visually. The co-inertia analysis indicated that two physicochemical (dissolved oxygen and water transparency), and four hydromorphological (channel width and depth, riparian vegetation cover and type of the riverside substrate) parameters structure the fish assemblages, both driven by the regional hydrological patterns (flood pulse). These results are explained by fish-environmental parameters relationship characteristic of the aquatic Neotropical systems.(AU)


Este estudo determinou quais entre doze parâmetros ambientais (cinco físico-químicos e sete hidromorfológicos) influenciam na estrutura da assembleia de peixes do baixo rio das Mortes localizado na planície de inundação do Bananal, bacia do rio Araguaia, Brasil Central. As coletas foram realizadas em seis trechos de 1000 m cada durante os períodos de chuva e estiagem, nos quais 1036 peixes foram coletados utilizando-se redes de malhar e medidos os parâmetros ambientais utilizando equipamentos portáteis ou determinados visualmente. A análise de coinércia indicou que dois parâmetros físicos e químicos (oxigênio dissolvido e a transparência da água) e quatro hidromorfológicos (largura e profundidade da calha principal, cobertura da mata ripária e tipo de substrato da margem) estruturam a assembleia de peixes, ambos influenciados pelo regime hidrológico regional (pulso de inundação). Estes resultados são discutidos considerando a interação entre peixes e os parâmetros ambientais característicos dos sistemas aquáticos Neotropicais.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Fatores Físicos e Químicos , Estudos Ecológicos , Peixes/classificação , Ecologia
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