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1.
Prim Dent J ; 13(2): 53-57, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38888075

RESUMO

A technique is outlined for utilising a polymeric composite reinforced with glass fibres in a three-dimensional mesh as a post-core in aesthetic cases. The clinical procedure involves obtaining an impression of the root canal space, scanning the definitive cast, and milling a fibre-reinforced composite post-core. Subsequently, the intra-radicular post-core is cemented using an adhesive resin cement. The use of custom-made computer-aided design-computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) fibre-reinforced composite post-core facilitates repairability, provides better adaptation to the root canal space, avoids uneven cement thickness, ensures chemical adhesion to resin cement, and promotes favourable aesthetics when combined with all-ceramic crowns.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Vidro , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Humanos , Resinas Compostas/química , Vidro/química , Cimentos de Resina/química , Coroas , Estética Dentária , Retenção em Prótese Dentária , Materiais Dentários/química , Cimentação
2.
Clin Exp Dent Res ; 10(3): e881, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38798057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In conjunction with post placement in root-filled teeth with periapical healthy conditions, root canal retreatment may be performed to improve the seal of the root canal. Whether root canal retreatment for technical reasons (retreatments in teeth without apical periodontitis (AP)) results in lower frequency of AP is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether there is a difference in frequency of AP between roots with root canals retreated for technical reasons, and roots with root canals not retreated before post placement, with a minimum follow-up of 5 years. Also, to examine changes in root filling quality following root canal retreatment for technical reasons. METHODS: This retrospective study included radiographs of 441 root-filled roots without periapical radiolucencies at baseline, scheduled for post and core treatment. Follow-up data for a minimum of 5 years were available for 305 roots (loss to follow-up 30.8%), 46 of which were retreated for technical reasons. Two calibrated observers assessed root filling sealing quality and length, respectively, and periapical status according to the Periapical Index. The main outcome of the study, AP, was used as the dependent variable and all analyses were performed at root level. RESULTS: The overall frequency of AP at follow-up was 13.8%. The difference in frequency of AP between retreated (4.3%) and nonretreated (15.4%) root canals was not statistically significant, p = .061. Analyses including only roots with preoperatively inadequate root filling quality showed a statistically significant difference (p = .017) between the two treatment groups (2.4% vs. 22.9%). CONCLUSIONS: Root canal retreatment for technical reasons before post and core placement significantly reduces the frequency of AP in roots with inadequate root filling quality.


Assuntos
Periodontite Periapical , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Periodontite Periapical/terapia , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/estatística & dados numéricos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/efeitos adversos , Retratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Seguimentos
3.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563466

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to analyze the clinical (survival rate, failure risk, or fracture) and laboratory performance (fracture mode or failure) of rehabilitations of endodontically treated teeth, with and without posts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in the Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, and OpenGrey databases up to March 2023, according to PRISMA guidelines. In vitro and clinical studies that compared the clinical and laboratory performance of endodontically treated teeth with and without intraradicular posts were included. Studies selection, data extraction, and risk of bias analysis were performed. RESULTS: Thirty-one in vitro and 7 clinical studies were included. For in vitro studies, fiberglass post (n = 24) was the most mentioned. The follow-up time of the clinical studies ranged from 1 to 17 years, with the fiber-reinforced composite post (n = 3) being the most evaluated, and only failure risk proved to be more favorable for using intraradicular posts. CONCLUSION: Rehabilitations of endodontically treated teeth with and without intraradicular retainers showed no difference in fracture resistance and failure mode, evaluated by in vitro studies. Clinical studies showed no difference in survival rate, but failure risk proved to be more favorable for the use of posts. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This analysis revealed significant variability between results, however, most laboratory and clinical studies revealed no difference with using the post. Furthermore, it is important to emphasize the need to evaluate the coronary remnant and the general characteristics of the tooth in each situation.

4.
Cureus ; 16(3): e56482, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38638723

RESUMO

This case report explores how the presence of an adjacent implant influenced the restoration of a tooth with pulpitis in a gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) patient. A patient with GERD requires a tooth-colored crown not only for aesthetics but also to address potential galvanic concerns arising from an adjacent implant. GERD, a condition causing non-cavity erosion, weakens tooth structure over time, presenting significant challenges in treatment. It resulted in bite relapse and insufficient occlusal clarity over time. A comprehensive treatment approach was needed to restore both function and appearance. This involved managing galvanism using non-metallic materials to ensure optimal occlusal clarity, as well as meticulously reinforcing and restoring tooth structure. Monoblock post-fused crowns were chosen for their superior durability, stability, and comfort. The ceramic layering not only effectively prevented galvanic issues by insulating the tooth structure but also significantly improved the natural appearance of teeth, thereby promoting long-term oral health and successfully managing complex dental concerns. The dental team successfully restored the damaged tooth by considering specific factors that influenced the treatment plan, including achieving optimal aesthetic outcomes.

5.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dent ; 16: 101-114, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38665472

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this work is to conduct a literature review to highlight all the parameters involved in sub-prosthetic radicular fractures of teeth supported by metallic dental core. Materials and Methods: The following research was performed among published studies over the last 10 years in two PubMed/Medline and Scopus and supplemented by manual searching within the bibliographies. The search was restricted to publications in English and French. Results: Out of the 1464 articles initially identified, 18 studies met our inclusion criteria and were subsequently included in the literature review. These consisted of eight Finite Element Analysis Studies, two Retrospective Studies and one Randomized Controlled Trial. The results of this review show that radicular fractures are influenced by several variables, including predisposition, with maxillary premolars and mandibular molars being the most commonly affected teeth. Intracanal preparation can induce crack formation, leading to localized high stress concentrations. Increased ferrule height to 2 mm significantly enhances dental fracture resistance. Using high modulus of elasticity alloys results in nearly complete stress transmission to dentin due to their limited deformability and absorption capacity. The highest fracture resistance is achieved when posts are sealed using resin-modified glass-ionomer cement. Longer posts may be preferable to prevent vertical fractures. Additionally, occlusal factors, through repetitive stresses, contribute to crack propagation from surface defects, a phenomenon termed fatigue fracture. Conclusion: These findings have significant implications. Practitioners should be aware of the predisposition of certain teeth, the importance of preserving the ferrule effect, the choice of root post materials, post Cement Material and the role of occlusal forces in managing and preventing vertical root fractures.

6.
Front Dent ; 21: 3, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571899

RESUMO

Reconstructing severely damaged teeth has always presented a challenge when the remaining crown structure is limited, often requiring retention from the root canal using intracanal posts. However, the real challenge is when the root canal walls are also weak, and there is a high risk of vertical root fracture due to the wedging forces of a rigid post. This case report presents a tooth with extremely flared (0.3mm) root canal walls, successfully restored with a newly introduced polymer made of polyether ether ketone (PEEK), with one-year follow-up. Due to its close elastic modulus to dentin, capacity to bond effectively to tooth structure, shock-absorbing properties, and thereby facilitating favorable stress distribution, utilizing this material for an intracanal post has the potential to mitigate the risk of fractures often associated with cast metal posts. It combines the good fitness of cast posts with the low modulus of elasticity and optical properties of prefabricated fiber posts.

7.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 36(2): 303-323, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37571973

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare, through a systematic review of the literature, the biomechanical performance of endocrowns and traditional core-crowns (with and without intracanal post) for the rehabilitation of endodontically treated teeth with severe coronal structure damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search was performed in MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases. In-vitro studies comparing endocrowns with (post-)core-crown restorations were selected and screened by two independent reviewers. The included studies were submitted to the risk of bias analysis using the RoBDEMAT tool and the biomechanical outcomes were collected for qualitative analysis. The extracted data were presented based on comparative analyses among the included studies. RESULTS: Thirty-one studies were included: 9 studies evaluated restorations of molars, 14 for premolars, and 8 studies evaluated anterior restorations. For the majority of the studies, endocrowns showed either similar or greater survival rates under fatigue and monotonic load than (post-)core-crown restorations, irrespectively of the tooth. The endocrowns showed more favorable failure patterns than (post-)core-crowns, irrespectively of the tooth. Endocrowns produced lower stresses in the restorative material for molars and premolars and in the luting material for premolars than (post-)core-crown restorations. The included studies presented adequate information for most items of the RoBDEMAT risk of bias tool. CONCLUSION: Endocrowns showed similar or greater biomechanical performance than the traditional (post-)core-crown restorations in most of the evaluated studies. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This systematic review showed that endocrowns present either similar or greater biomechanical performance than core-crown restorations for anterior and posterior endodontically treated teeth with severe structural damage.


Assuntos
Coroas , Dente não Vital , Humanos , Materiais Dentários , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Dente não Vital/terapia , Prostodontia/métodos
8.
Dent Mater J ; 43(1): 97-105, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38104999

RESUMO

This study aimed to apply finite element analysis to evaluate the effects of pile materials with different elastic moduli and cement materials on the stress distribution between the remaining tooth tissue and cryptic fracture defects. A three-dimensional finite element model was established for 20 maxillary first molars with hidden fissures and mesial tongue-tip defects. Two levels of hidden cracks and three types of pile and adhesive materials were used in the design. The stress distribution and maximum stress peak in the remaining tooth tissue and crack defects were determined by simulating the normal bite, maximum bite, and lateral movement forces. When titanium posts, zinc phosphate binders, and porcelain crowns were used to repair the two types of deep cracked teeth, the maximum principal stress at the crack and dentin was the smallest. As the crack depth increased, the maximum principal stress of the residual dentin and crack defects increased.


Assuntos
Coroas , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Materiais Dentários , Dente Molar , Estresse Mecânico , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Dentina
9.
J Endod ; 50(3): 316-328, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38158119

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Custom-made cast post-and-core (CMCPC) restorations have long been used to restore structurally deficient endodontically treated teeth (ETT). However, the evidence regarding their impact on the outcomes of ETT is largely inconclusive. This study evaluated the long-term treatment outcome of ETT restored with CMCPC. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study examined the dental records of patients that received CMCPC at a specialty private practice in Toronto, Canada between 1999 and 2021. The proportion of ETT with complete periapical healing and those that survived were estimated, and prognostic factors were investigated using multiple logistic and Cox regression analyses respectively (P < .05). RESULTS: A total of 500 and 1000 teeth met periapical healing and survival criteria, respectively. The periapical healing rate was 88.8% and was associated with the presence of baseline periapical radiolucency [odds ratio = 0.1; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.05-0.2; P < .001]. The survival after a median follow-up time of 52.9 months (interquartile range: 26.5-99.4) was 90.1% and was associated with <75% of root length in bone [hazard ratio (HR) = 2.6; 95% CI, 1.0-6.6; P = .033], type and quality of final restoration (HR = 2.09; 95% CI, 1.1-3.9; P = .020; HR = 2.3; 95% CI, 1.2-4.5; P = .008, respectively), and the presence of periapical radiolucency at the latest recall (HR = 3.2; 95% CI, 1.7-6.3; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The outcome of ETT restored with CMCPC was favorable. CMCPC may be regarded as a viable restorative option for structurally deficient ETT.


Assuntos
Dente não Vital , Dente , Humanos , Dente não Vital/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Canadá , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
10.
Braz. dent. sci ; 27(1): 1-11, 2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1537767

RESUMO

Objective: This systematic review aims to compare the clinical longevity of metallic and fiberglass intraradicular posts in teeth with severely compromised crowns, utilizing randomized clinical trials and case reports published in the last eleven years. Material and Methods: The research was conducted on PubMed, Medline, Lilacs, and BBO databases using the first search strategy with the descriptors 'dental posts,' 'longevity,' 'fiberglass-reinforced posts' or 'metallic posts.' The second search strategy involved analyzing the references of articles identified by the first search. Both studies were carried out with stringent inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: No statistically significant and clinically relevant differences in longevity were observed between metallic and fiberglass posts. Conclusion: The clinical success and durability of the restorative procedure using intraradicular posts primarily depend on the remaining amount around the post (ferrule), the type and position of the tooth in the arch (impacting the masticatory forces exerted on the restored tooth), and the correct application of the cementation technique. It is noteworthy that fiberglass posts offer substantial advantages by presenting a modulus of elasticity similar to dental structure, ensuring a more homogeneous distribution of masticatory forces and reducing the risk of fractures. These findings have practical implications for material selection in restorative procedures involving intraradicular posts.(AU)


Objetivo: Esta revisão sistemática visa comparar a longevidade clínica de pinos intrarradiculares metálicos e de fibra de vidro em dentes com coroas severamente comprometidas, através de estudos clínicos randomizados e relatos de casos, publicados nos últimos onze anos. Material e Métodos: A pesquisa foi conduzida nas bases de dados PubMed, Medline, Lilacs e BBO, utilizando a primeira estratégia de busca com os s 'pinos dentais' e 'longevidade' e 'pinos reforçados com fibra de vidro' ou 'pinos metálicos'. A segunda estratégia de busca consistiu na análise das referências dos artigos identificados pela primeira estratégia. Ambos os estudos foram delineados com critérios rigorosos de inclusão e exclusão. Resultados: Não se constataram diferenças estatisticamente significativas e clinicamente relevantes na longevidade entre pinos metálicos e de fibra de vidro. Conclusão: O êxito clínico e a durabilidade do procedimento restaurador empregando pinos intrarradiculares dependem primordialmente da quantidade de remanescente ao redor do pino (férula), do tipo e posição do dente na arcada (o que impacta nas forças mastigatórias exercidas sobre o dente restaurado) e da aplicação correta da técnica de cimentação.Destaca-se que o pino de fibra de vidro oferece vantagens substanciais ao apresentar módulo de elasticidade similar à estrutura dentária, assegurando uma distribuição mais homogênea das forças mastigatórias e reduzindo o risco de fraturas (AU)


Assuntos
Materiais Dentários , Pinos Dentários
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 32: e20230439, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558238

RESUMO

Abstract Objective To evaluate the effect of the labiolingual diameter and construction of an endodontically treated (ET) anterior tooth with crown restoration on stress distribution and biomechanical safety under occlusal loading. Methodology Three-dimensional finite element models were generated for maxillary central incisors with all-ceramic crown restorations. The labiolingual diameters of the tooth, defined as the horizontal distance between the protrusion of the labial and lingual surfaces, were changed as follows: (D1) 6.85 mm, (D2) 6.35 mm, and (D3) 5.85 mm. The model was constructed as follows: (S0) vital pulp tooth; (S1) ET tooth; (S2) ET tooth with a 2 mm ferrule, restored with a fiber post and composite resin core; (S3) ET tooth without a ferrule, restored with a fiber post and composite resin core. A total of 12 models were developed. In total, two force loads (100 N) were applied to the crown's incisal edge and palatal surface at a 45° oblique angle to the longitudinal axis of the teeth. The Von Mises stress distribution and maximum stress of the models were analyzed. Results Regardless of the loading location, stress concentration and maximum stress (34.07~66.78MPa) in all models occurred in the labial cervical 1/3 of each root. Both labiolingual diameter and construction influenced the maximum stress of the residual tooth tissue, with the impact of the labiolingual diameter being greater. A reduction in labiolingual diameter led to increased maximum stress throughout the tooth. The ferrule reduced the maximum stress of the core of S2 models (7.15~10.69 MPa), which is lower compared with that of S3 models (19.45~43.67 MPa). Conclusion The labiolingual diameter exerts a greater impact on the biomechanical characteristics of ET anterior teeth with crown restoration, surpassing the influence of the construction. The ferrule can reduce the maximum stress of the core and maintain the uniformity of stress distribution.

12.
PeerJ ; 11: e16469, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38025677

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to evaluate the load capacity of maxillary central incisors with simulated flared root canal restored with different fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) post cemented with either self-adhesive or self-etch resin cement and its mode of fracture. Methods: Sixty-five extracted maxillary incisors were decoronated, its canal was artificially flared and randomly categorized into group tFRC (tapered FRC post) (n = 22), mFRC (multi-FRC post) (n = 21), and DIS-FRC (direct individually shaped-FRC (DIS-FRC) post) (n = 22), which were further subdivided based on cementation resin. The posts were cemented and a standardized resin core was constructed. After thermocycling, the samples were loaded statically and the maximum load was recorded. Results: The load capacity of the maxillary central incisor was influenced by the different FRC post system and not the resin cement (p = 0.289), and no significant interaction was found between them. Group mFRC (522.9N) yielded a significantly higher load capacity compared to DIS-FRC (421.1N). Overall, a 55% favorable fracture pattern was observed, and this was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Within the limitation of the study, it can be concluded that prefabricated FRC posts outperform DIS-FRC posts in terms of the load capacity of a maxillary central incisor with a simulated flared root canal. The cementation methods whether a self-adhesive or self-etch resin cement, was not demonstrated to influence the load capacity of a maxillary central incisor with a flared root canal. There were no significant differences between the favorable and non-favorable fracture when FRC post systems were used to restored a maxillary central incisor with a flared root canal.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Fraturas dos Dentes , Dente não Vital , Humanos , Incisivo/cirurgia , Cimentos de Resina/uso terapêutico , Cimentação/métodos , Cavidade Pulpar/cirurgia , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Estresse Mecânico , Resinas Vegetais
13.
Aust Dent J ; 2023 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37888911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medium-term evaluate the bond strength and tag formation in root dentin using self-adhesive cements Maxcem Elite (MCE), Relyx U200 (RU2), SeT PP (SPP) and Megalink (MGL) compared to conventional cement Relyx ARC (ARC) for glass fibre post cementation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred bovine incisors roots were endodontically treated and divided into 5 groups (n = 20) according to the cementation system: MCE, RU2, SPP, MGL and ARC. All cementation systems were evaluated at 24 h (1) and 12 months (2) after post cementation. Specimens from the cervical, middle and apical thirds of the root were submitted to push-out bond strength test and confocal laser microscopy to verify the dentin penetration. The adhesive failure mode was classified as adhesive, cohesive and mixed. Data were analysed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (α = 5%). RESULTS: ARC-1 and ARC-12 showed the highest bond strength (P < 0.05). ARC showed the greatest tag extension, regardless of the third (P < 0.05). The most frequent failure mode in the 24-h analysis was cohesive, regardless of the cement used. For the 12-month analysis, mixed failure was the most frequent. CONCLUSION: Conventional cement (ARC) showed the highest bond strength and tag extension, regardless of the evaluation period. In all cementation systems, the bond strength decreased after 12 months. © 2023 Australian Dental Association.

14.
J Prosthodont ; 2023 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37505114

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the fracture resistance and failure mode of endodontically treated premolars reconstructed by different preparation approaches: cervical margin relocation (CMR) and crown lengthening (CL) with complete ferrule (CLF) and partial ferrule (CLPF) with three different post and core systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this in vitro study, 100 maxillary premolars were assigned to the following 10 groups according to their preparation approach and type of post and core system (n = 10): (I) control (intact teeth), (II) prefabricated fiber post (PFP) and composite core with CMR (PFP-CMR), (III) polyethylene fiber-reinforced composite (PEFRC) with CMR (PEFRC-CMR), (IV) casting post (CP) and core with CMR (CP-CMR), (V) PFP-CLPF, (VI) PEFRC-CLPF, (VII) CP-CLPF, (VIII) PFP-CLF, (IX) PEFRC-CLF, and (X) CP-CLF. After thermomechanical loading, the fracture resistance and failure mode were assessed. Data were analyzed statistically (α = 0.05). RESULTS: In all post and core systems, the CLPF approach had lower fracture resistance than CMR (p < 0.05); CLF showed higher fracture resistance than CLPF only in the PFP system (p = 0.038). In PEFRC and CP systems, the difference between CLF and CLPF was not significant (p > 0.05). No significant difference was found in fracture resistance of different post and core systems with the same preparation approach (p > 0.05). CLPF showed the highest frequency of favorable, and CLF showed the highest frequency of unfavorable fractures. CONCLUSION: CLPF yielded lower fracture resistance than CMR. The difference in fracture resistance was not significant between CLF and CMR but the frequency of unfavorable fractures was higher in CLF than in other groups.

15.
Dent Med Probl ; 2023 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37070711

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The trueness of intraoral scanners (IOSs) has been evaluated in many clinical situations. However, the tests of their performance when scanning post-space preparations are still lacking. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare the trueness of the digital impressions of post spaces with different depths, captured by means of different IOSs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Digital impressions of teeth (N = 16) with post spaces of depths of 8 mm and 10 mm were captured. Three IOSs were used, including Primescan AC, Medit i500 and CS 3600. The STL files were compared to the files obtained from the traditional impression scanning performed with an InEos X5 desktop scanner. Then, reverse engineering software measured the trueness values, which were analyzed using the two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by Tukey's post-hoc test. The significance level was set at p < 0.05. RESULTS: Significant differences were found between the scanners in terms of root mean square (RMS) values (p < 0.001). The highest RMS value was found for CS 3600 (0.30 ±0.11 mm), followed by Primescan AC (0.26 ±0.09 mm), while the lowest value was found for Medit i500 (0.18 ±0.05 mm). The 8-millimeter-deep post spaces had a significantly higher RMS value than the 10-millimeter-deep ones (0.28 ±0.10 mm and 0.21 ±0.09 mm, respectively) (p = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: The Medit i500 scanner showed the highest post-space digital impression trueness as compared to Primescan AC and CS 3600. In the digital impressions captured with CS 3600, the 10 mm postspace depth had higher trueness than the 8 mm depth. Moreover, CS 3600 was less able to capture the full length of both the 8 mm and 10 mm post-space depths than Primescan AC and Medit i500.

16.
Heliyon ; 9(4): e15363, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37095915

RESUMO

Objectives: The current half-digital post-core fabrication technique can replace the conventional methods; however, it does not consider the impact occlusion has on the digital design. This study proposed a half-digital workflow that integrated intracanal impression with dentition scanning, and evaluated the accuracy of the post-cores fabricated by it. Methods: Standard models with three extracted teeth (a central incisor, a premolar, and a molar) were prepared. Eight post-cores were fabricated for each tooth by the half-digital technique and eight by the conventional technique as controls. Scanning was performed with a microcomputed tomography system. The volume of the overall space (VOS) between the post and canal wall, the space areas in three standardized sections (A, B, and C), and the apical gap (AG) were calculated and statistically analyzed using two-way analysis of variance. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: The two techniques differed significantly in the VOS (p < 0.05), section B (p < 0.05), and AG (p < 0.05) of all three teeth but not for sections A (p = 0.099) and C (p = 0.636). Conclusions: The half-digital technique investigated in this study could produce better-fitting customized post-cores than the conventional technique.

17.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 35(4): 677-686, 2023 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36602235

RESUMO

OBJETIVE: This study evaluated the influence of alveolar bone height and post type on compressive force resistance, fracture pattern, and stress distribution in endodontically treated teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bovine roots were endodontically treated and divided into eight groups (n = 10) according to alveolar bone height (normal alveolar bone and alveolar bone loss - 2 and 5 mm from the margin of the crown, respectively) and post type (prefabricated glass fiber post, anatomic glass fiber post, customized milled glass fiber post-and-core and customized milled polyetheretherketone (PEEK) post-and-core). Mechanical fatigue was simulated (300.000 cycles/50 N/1.2 Hz). Compression force resistance (N) was analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey test (α = 0.05). Fracture patterns were described as percentages. Stress distribution was analyzed by finite element analysis. RESULTS: Significant diferences were found for alveolar bone height (P < 0.0001): normal alveolar bone groups showed higher mean values of compression force resistance compared to alveolar bone loss groups, while no significant differences were found for post type (P = 0.4551), and there was no double interaction between them (P = 0.5837). Reparable fractures were more predominant in normal alveolar bone groups, especially in the milled glass fiber and PEEK post-and-core groups. Stress distribution was similar in groups with prefabricated glass fiber posts and milled PEEK posts-and-cores, and the alveolar bone loss condition significantly increased stress concentration and strain values, mainly on apical dentin. CONCLUSIONS: Alveolar bone loss due to physiological aging and/or periodontal disease may lead to increased risk of restored tooth failure, although milled glass fiber and PEEK posts-and-cores provide more reparable fractures. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Custom-made glass fiber and PEEK post-and-cores are interesting options, since they enable clinicians to work with a single-body post-and-core system that avoid several materials interfaces and fits well in the root canal provided promising results to improve the failure behavior of restored roots, as they offer more reparable fractures even in situations of alveolar bone loss.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Fraturas dos Dentes , Animais , Bovinos , Materiais Dentários , Fraturas dos Dentes/prevenção & controle
18.
J Prosthodont ; 32(9): 807-814, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36482016

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of post type and mechanical aging on compression force resistance, fracture pattern, and stress distribution in weakened roots. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bovine roots were endodontically treated and widened-and randomly divided into 8 groups (n = 10) according to post type (prefabricated glass fiber post and customized anatomic glass fiber post, milled glass fiber post-and-core, and milled polyetheretherketone post-and-core) and mechanical aging (without and with mechanical aging). Three hundred thousand cycles of mechanical fatigue were performed and compression force resistance (N) was analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey test (α = 0.05). Fracture patterns were reported and stress distribution was analyzed by finite elements analysis. RESULTS: There was a significant effect of post type (p = 0.032) and mechanical aging (p = 0.009), but no double interaction (p = 0.879). Higher values were recorded in the milled glass fiber and polyetheretherketone post-and-core groups compared to the prefabricated glass fiber post groups, and no significant difference was found among anatomic glass fiber post groups and other groups. Reparable fractures were predominant in the milled glass fiber and polyetheretherketone post-and-core groups. Prefabricated glass fiber posts and milled polyetheretherketone post-and-cores showed similar stress distribution. CONCLUSIONS: Post type and mechanical aging influence the compression force resistance and fracture pattern of weakened roots. Milled glass fiber and polyetheretherketone post-and-cores exhibited higher compression force resistance and more reparable fractures compared to prefabricated glass fiber posts. Prefabricated glass fiber posts and milled polyetheretherketone post-and-cores showed similar stress distribution.


Assuntos
Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Fraturas dos Dentes , Dente não Vital , Animais , Bovinos , Resinas Compostas , Materiais Dentários , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Vidro , Teste de Materiais , Dente não Vital/terapia
19.
Dent Mater J ; 42(1): 92-98, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36351602

RESUMO

This in vitro study compared the fracture resistance of weakened roots restored with milled or relined glass fiber post (GFP). Seventy bovine incisors were divided into seven groups, according to the weakening protocol (none: control; medium-weakened: MW; highly-weakened: HW) and post anatomization technique (non-relined, relined with Bulk Fill or Z350 resin; milled GFP: M). Roots were thermomechanical cycled and submitted to compression. Frequencies and groups were compared by the chi-square test and two-factor ANOVA, Tukey's, and t-test (α=5%). The HW-M obtained the lowest values, showing significant differences compared to all groups (p<0.001). The highest value was HW-Bulk fill, with significant difference compared to MW-M (p=0.037) and HW-M (p<0.001). The frequency of repairable fractures was 100% in the control, 87%, and 63% in the MW and HW, respectively. Relined or milled GFPs can be considered to rehabilitate weakened teeth since failure patterns were predominantly repairable in all groups.


Assuntos
Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Fraturas dos Dentes , Animais , Bovinos , Fraturas dos Dentes/prevenção & controle , Raiz Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Vidro , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos de Resina , Teste de Materiais
20.
Int J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 16(Suppl 3): 293-305, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38268626

RESUMO

Background: Intracanal posts are commonly used to restore lost permanent/primary tooth structure and the smile of the patient. Aim: This systematic review aims to evaluate the clinical success of intracanal posts used in primary maxillary anterior teeth and compare their mechanical properties. Methods: An extensive literature search was performed using Medline via PubMed, Embase via embase.com, LILACS, CINAHL via EBSCO, Cochrane Oral Health Group Specialized Register, Scopus, and Web of Science until December 2021 and was updated till December 2022. In vivo and in vitro studies in the English language that assessed clinical success and mechanical properties were included. Distiller SR software was used for everything from title screening to data extraction. Results: A total of 30 studies were analyzed, including 11 in vivo and 19 in vitro studies. Four studies were included in a meta-analysis, and all 30 studies qualified for qualitative analysis. The meta-analysis showed that fiber posts are clinically superior to composite resin posts (CRPs) (p = 0.02). No significant difference was observed between the fracture resistance of CRPs and no posts (p = 0.73). Most of the included studies showed a high risk of bias. Conclusion: Conclusive evidence about the effectiveness of various intracanal posts cannot be established. This is due to the limited number of clinical trials and included studies of low to moderate quality with a high risk of bias. To validate the use of posts in primary maxillary anterior teeth, further research, including randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of higher quality, is required. Clinical significance: The use of intracanal posts in primary teeth is a commonly used treatment modality among pediatric dentists. However, the quality of the evidence to support its use is low. This systematic review provides a comprehensive summary of the current literature and highlights the need for further research. Results were interpreted with caution, as the evidence supporting the use of intracanal posts in primary teeth is limited. How to cite this article: Shanmugam Y, Raghu A, Muthu MS, et al. Mechanical Properties and Clinical Success of Intracanal Posts in Primary Maxillary Anterior Teeth: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2023;16(S-3):S293-S305.

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