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1.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 2022 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36174746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most common complications of childbirth, and is experienced by approximately 17% of pregnant women and 13% of postpartum women. An estimated 85% of these women go untreated-an alarming statistic given the serious consequences for the mother, her child, other family members, and society. Professional societies (the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and American Academy of Pediatrics) have recommended improvements in screening and treatment. Meta-analyses indicate that cognitive behavioral therapy eHealth interventions are efficacious for depression, generally, and for perinatal depression, specifically. Earlier controlled trials have established the effectiveness and acceptability of MomMoodBooster (including an Australian version, MumMoodBooster), an eHealth program for ameliorating postpartum depression. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a perinatal version of MomMoodBooster encompassing both prenatal and postpartum content in a healthcare delivery setting already providing universal screening and referral of at-risk patients as part of routine care. STUDY DESIGN: A practical effectiveness study randomly assigned 95 pregnant and 96 postpartum women screened as depressed and satisfying eligibility criteria to experimental groups: the healthcare organization's perinatal depression care program (routine-care group) and routine care+MomMoodBooster2 program (eHealth group). Eligibility criteria included: pregnant or <1 year postpartum, ≥18 years of age, no active suicidal ideation, access to broadband internet via desktop/laptop, tablet, or smartphone, and English language proficiency. RESULTS: Intent-to-treat analyses of group effects used fixed-effects growth models to assess 12-week posttest change in outcomes. Results showed that both groups had significantly decreased depression severity, anxiety, stress, and automatic thoughts, and increased behavioral activation and self-efficacy. Relative to the routine-care group, the eHealth group displayed significantly greater decreases in depression severity and stress. These group comparisons were not moderated by depression severity (screening or baseline), anxiety, stress, or pregnant/postpartum status. Almost all (93%; n=89) women in the eHealth group visited their program, of whom 99% visited program sessions (M sessions visited=4.3±2.0; M total session duration=73.0±70.2 minutes; 49% viewed all 6 sessions). Among confirmed eHealth program users who provided ratings, 96% (79/82) rated their program as easy to use, 83% rated it helpful, and 93% (76/82) indicated that they would recommend it. CONCLUSION: Results support the effectiveness of using MomMoodBooster2 as a treatment option for perinatal women with depression, especially when combined with universal depression screening and referral. Consequently, the eHealth program shows promise as a tool to increase the reach of treatment delivery and to potentially reduce the number of untreated perinatal women with depression.

2.
Matern Child Health J ; 26(9): 1779-1789, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35895160

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Coronavirus disease 2019 was declared as a pandemic on March 2020. Research on its psychological effects is still lacking. Perinatal depression is a medical complication of pregnancy, especially in situations of stress. In this study, we aimed to investigate the presence of symptoms of depression in pregnant women during the lockdown period in Portugal. METHODS: This study consisted in a cross-sectional study among Portuguese pregnant women, who completed an online self-report questionnaire between 25th April and 30th April 2020. An anonymous online questionnaire was developed to assess depression and concerns related to COVID-19. This study was approved by the IRB of Hospital Dona Estefânia and performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki. Eligibility criteria included pregnant women, ≥ 18 years and living in Portugal. The primary outcome was to evaluate the presence of depressive symptoms and its association to socio-demographic characteristics and to concerns related to COVID-19. RESULTS: A total of 1698 pregnant women were enrolled. The mean age was 31.9 years. 82.4% felt a negative impact of the pandemic in the surveillance of pregnancy and 43% felt insufficient support. 26.3% showed "possible depression" according to the EPDS. A regression analysis revealed the possibility of depression increased as the concerns about COVID increased and was lower for women with support. The possibility of depression was higher for women with psychiatric medical history. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated a significant increase in clinically significant depressive symptoms in pregnant women during the lockdown. It also revealed some of the socio-demographic characteristics of women at risk for depression. If left untreated, depression tends to persist, affecting the woman and also the child. Our findings suggest that COVID-19 represents a serious challenge for this population and reinforce the urgent need for early detection and intervention on mental health issues during pregnancy, especially during the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Criança , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Portugal/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Gestantes/psicologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia
3.
J Affect Disord ; 225: 523-529, 2018 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28866296

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests a relation between plasma tryptophan concentrations and sleep and mental well-being. As no studies have been performed in pregnant women, we studied the relation of plasma tryptophan concentrations during pregnancy with sleep quality, and mood during and after pregnancy. METHODS: Pregnant women (n = 572) from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes study completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) at 26-28 weeks gestation and three months post-delivery. Plasma tryptophan concentrations were measured at 26-28 weeks gestation. Poisson regressions estimated prevalence ratios (PR) for the association between tryptophan and poor sleep quality (PSQI global score > 5), probable antenatal depression (EPDS ≥ 15) and probable anxiety (STAI-state ≥ 41) were calculated adjusting for covariates. RESULTS: Mean plasma tryptophan concentrations was 48.0µmol/L (SD: 8.09). Higher plasma tryptophan concentrations were associated with a lower prevalence of antenatal poor sleep quality adjusting for covariates [PR: 0.88 (95% CI 0.80, 0.97) per 10µmol/L], especially in those participants who also suffered from anxiety symptoms [PR: 0.80 (95% CI 0.67, 0.95)]. No associations were observed between tryptophan concentrations during pregnancy and postnatal sleep quality or mental well-being. LIMITATION: Subjective measures were used to assess sleep and mental well-being. CONCLUSIONS: We observed that higher plasma tryptophan concentrations were associated with a 12% lower prevalence of poor sleep quality during pregnancy, in particular among those with anxiety symptoms. These findings suggest the importance of having adequate tryptophan concentrations during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Afeto/fisiologia , Gravidez/sangue , Sono/fisiologia , Triptofano/sangue , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Inventário de Personalidade , Gestantes , Prevalência , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Singapura/epidemiologia
4.
Depress Anxiety ; 34(10): 877-887, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28471488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Choline and betaine status have previously been associated with symptoms of depression. However, the relation of maternal plasma choline and betaine concentrations in pregnancy to peripartum maternal mood is unknown. METHODS: Maternal plasma choline and betaine concentrations (µmol/L) were measured at 26-28 weeks gestation in the Growing Up in Singapore Toward healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) mother-offspring cohort. Participants completed the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EDPS) at 26-28 weeks gestation (n = 949) and at 3 months postnatal (n = 689): higher scores are indicative of more symptoms of anxiety and depression. Multivariate linear regression models were used to estimate the association of choline and betaine with ante- and postnatal mental well-being adjusting for covariates. RESULTS: Mean (SD) antenatal plasma choline and betaine concentrations were 9.2 µmol/L (1.6) and 13.1 µmol/L (2.7), respectively. Plasma choline concentrations were positively associated with antenatal depressive (ß = .24 EPDS score [95% CI: 0.05-0.43] per µmol/L] and anxiety symptoms (ß = .46 STAI-state score [95% CI: 0.03-0.88] per µmol/L) adjusting for covariates. Plasma betaine concentrations were not associated with antenatal depression or anxiety symptoms. No associations were observed between pregnancy choline or betaine and postnatal mental well-being. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that higher maternal plasma choline status during pregnancy is associated with more symptoms of antenatal depression and anxiety, whereas plasma betaine concentrations showed no associations. No associations were observed for postnatal mental well-being. Prospective studies are required to replicate these findings and further examine the direction of causality and possible biological mechanisms.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/sangue , Betaína/sangue , Colina/sangue , Depressão/sangue , Satisfação Pessoal , Complicações na Gravidez/sangue , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Singapura/epidemiologia
5.
Midwifery ; 32: 81-6, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26574050

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to examine the effects of supervised group exercise on maternal psychological outcomes and commonly reported pregnancy complaints. DESIGN: an observer-blinded randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway. PARTICIPANTS: 105 sedentary, nulliparous pregnant women, mean age 30.7(± 4.0) years, pre-pregnancy BMI 23.8 (± 4.3), were assigned to either exercise (n=52) or control group (n= 53) at mean gestation week 17.7 (± 4.2). INTERVENTION: the exercise intervention followed ACOG guidelines and included a 60 minutes general fitness class, with 40 minutes of endurance training/aerobic and 20 minutes of strength training and stretching/relaxation, performed at least twice per week for a minimum of 12 weeks. MEASUREMENTS: outcome measures were assessed through standardized interviews pre- and post-intervention (gestation week 36.6, ± 0.9), and included psychological variables related to quality of life, well-being, body image and pregnancy depression, as well as assessment of 13 commonly reported pregnancy complaints. FINDINGS: post-intervention, using intention to treat (ITT) analysis, women randomized to exercise rated their health significantly better compared to women in the control group (p=0.02) and reported less fatigue related to everyday activities (p=0.04). Women with complete exercise adherence (≥ 24 sessions) had significantly better scores on measurements of feelings related to sadness, hopelessness and anxiety (p<0.01), compared to the control group. Contradictory, the control group reported higher life enjoyment (p<0.01). There were no significant group differences in body-image or pregnancy depression. With respect to analysing pregnancy complaints according to ITT, no differences between the groups were found. A comparison of the women who attended ≥ 19 (80%, n=21) or ≥ 24 (100%, n=14) exercise sessions with the control-participants, showed that fewer women in the exercise group reported nausea/vomiting and numbness/poor circulation in legs. KEY CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATION FOR PRACTISE: participation in regular group exercise during pregnancy contributed to improvements in some variables related to maternal well-being and quality of life. Women with high exercise adherence had significantly better results on several health variables reaping the highest benefits. A qualitative study exploring the barriers of women in achieving recommended amount of activity may be necessary to understand this population and developing better clinical practice educational tools.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Complicações na Gravidez/terapia , Gravidez/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Gravidez/fisiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Método Simples-Cego
6.
J Affect Disord ; 175: 18-24, 2015 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25590762

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess point and period prevalence and incidence of perinatal depression in Mexican women. METHODS: The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) were administered at three points in time to 210 women: during the third trimester of pregnancy, at six weeks and at six months after delivery. RESULTS: Prevalence of prenatal depression was 9.0%, and 13.8% at six weeks and 13.3% at six months postpartum. Incidence of postpartum depression (PPD) was 10.0% at six weeks and 8.2% at six months. Prevalence of prenatal depressive symptoms was 16.6%; and 17.1% at six weeks and 20.0% at six months postpartum. Incidence of postpartum depressive symptoms (PPDS) was 11.4% at six weeks and 9.0% at six months. At six months postpartum, women with depression were younger (OR=2.45, p=0.02), had fewer years׳ schooling (OR=5.61, p=0.00), were unpartnered (OR=3.03, p=0.01), unemployed (OR=3.48, p=0.00) and poorer (OR=4.00, p=0.00) than women without depression. LIMITATIONS: 25% of the initial sample was not retained to complete the three assessments. Non completers were younger, less educated and reported more depressive symptoms. This may have resulted in an underestimation of prevalence. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first longitudinal study in Latin America to assess perinatal depression at three different points in times, reporting point and period prevalence and incidence of clinical depression and depressive symptoms. Most LA countries have yet to recognize the importance of providing mental health care for expectant and postpartum mothers to reduce disability in mothers and infants.


Assuntos
Depressão Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Adulto , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Longitudinais , México/epidemiologia , Mães/psicologia , Pacientes Desistentes do Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez/psicologia , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Affect Disord ; 171: 142-54, 2015 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25305429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Research has separately indicated associations between pregnancy depression and breastfeeding, breastfeeding and postpartum depression, and pregnancy and postpartum depression. This paper aimed to provide a systematic literature review on breastfeeding and depression, considering both pregnancy and postpartum depression. METHODS: An electronic search in three databases was performed using the keywords: "breast feeding", "bottle feeding", "depression", "pregnancy", and "postpartum". Two investigators independently evaluated the titles and abstracts in a first stage and the full-text in a second stage review. Papers not addressing the association among breastfeeding and pregnancy or postpartum depression, non-original research and research focused on the effect of anti-depressants were excluded. 48 studies were selected and included. Data were independently extracted. RESULTS: Pregnancy depression predicts a shorter breastfeeding duration, but not breastfeeding intention or initiation. Breastfeeding duration is associated with postpartum depression in almost all studies. Postpartum depression predicts and is predicted by breastfeeding cessation in several studies. Pregnancy and postpartum depression are associated with shorter breastfeeding duration. Breastfeeding may mediate the association between pregnancy and postpartum depression. Pregnancy depression predicts shorter breastfeeding duration and that may increase depressive symptoms during postpartum. LIMITATIONS: The selected keywords may have led to the exclusion of relevant references. CONCLUSIONS: Although strong empirical evidence regarding the associations among breastfeeding and pregnancy or postpartum depression was separately provided, further research, such as prospective studies, is needed to clarify the association among these three variables. Help for depressed pregnant women should be delivered to enhance both breastfeeding and postpartum psychological adjustment.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Alimentação com Mamadeira/psicologia , Alimentação com Mamadeira/estatística & dados numéricos , Depressão Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Depressão Pós-Parto/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Intenção , Internacionalidade , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
J Affect Disord ; 172: 265-73, 2015 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25451426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This systematic review aimed to explore the potential influence of genetic factors on the symptoms of peripartum depression and to critically analyze the methodologies employed by the examined studies. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature indexed prior to July 2014 identified 200 articles. After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 39 papers were included. RESULTS: The papers predominantly featured a molecular genetic approach (n=35), and the majority examined polymorphisms (n=27). Most studies used samples of Caucasians living in high income countries. The results suggest that the influence of genetic factors become more consistent when methodological variations among the studies are considered. Environmental stressors are also important variables that influence the relationship between genetic factors and peripartum depressive states. In addition, differences in the influence of genetic factors were observed depending upon the precise time point during pregnancy or the postpartum period that was examined in the studies. The late stages of pregnancy and the early postpartum period were times of greater genetic vulnerability. LIMITATIONS: This study was limited by the small number of papers reviewed and by the lack of information regarding whether the effects of genetics on peripartum depression are specific to certain ethnicities and/or stressors. CONCLUSIONS: Genetic studies of perinatal depression reinforce a pathophysiological role of the hormonal changes inherent in the childbirth period. However, the distinction between depressive episodes that begin during pregnancy from those that begin during the postpartum period can still be useful to improve our understanding of the physiopathology of depressive disorders.


Assuntos
Depressão Pós-Parto/genética , Período Periparto/genética , Período Pós-Parto/genética , Depressão , Feminino , Humanos , Polimorfismo Genético , Gravidez
9.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 89(4): 332-338, ju.-ago. 2013.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-684130

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Revisar a literatura sobre a associação entre a amamentação e a depressão pós-parto. FONTES: Uma revisão da literatura encontrada na base de dados MEDLINE/Pub-Med. RESUMO DOS ACHADOS: A literatura mostra, de forma consistente, que a amamentação fornece uma ampla quantidade de benefícios tanto para a criança quanto para a mãe. Ainda são necessárias mais pesquisas sobre os benefícios psicológicos para a mãe. Alguns estudos apontam que a depressão na gravidez é um dos fatores que pode contribuir para a não amamentação. Outros estudos sugerem, também, uma associação entre amamentação e depressão pós-parto, não estando clara ainda a direção dessa associação. A amamentação pode promover processos hormonais que protegem as mães contra a depressão pós-parto por atenuar a resposta do cortisol ao estresse. E isso também pode reduzir o seu risco, por auxiliar na regulação dos padrões do sono e vigília da mãe e do filho, melhorando a autoeficácia e o envolvimento emocional da mãe com a criança, reduzindo as dificuldades de temperamento e promovendo uma melhor interação entre eles. CONCLUSÕES: A pesquisa aponta que a amamentação pode proteger as mães da depressão pós-parto e começa a esclarecer que processos biológicos e psicológicos podem explicar essa proteção. Contudo, ainda existem resultados ambíguos na literatura que poderão ser explicados pelas limitações metodológicas apresentadas por alguns estudos.


OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on the association between breastfeeding and postpartum depression. SOURCES: A review of literature found on MEDLINE/ PubMed database. SUMMARY OF FINDINGS: The literature consistently shows that breastfeeding provides a wide range of benefits for both the child and the mother. The psychological benefits for the mother are still in need of further research. Some studies point out that pregnancy depression is one of the factors that may contribute to breastfeeding failure. Others studies also suggest an association between breastfeeding and postpartum depression; the direction of this association is still unclear. Breastfeeding can promote hormonal processes that protect mothers against postpartum depression by attenuating cortisol response to stress. It can also reduce the risk of postpartum depression, by helping the regulation of sleep and wake patterns for mother and child, improving mother's selfefficacy and her emotional involvement with the child, reducing the child's temperamental difficulties, and promoting a better interaction between mother and child. CONCLUSIONS: Studies demonstrate that breastfeeding can protect mothers from postpartum depression, and are starting to clarify which biological and psychological processes may explain this protection. However, there are still equivocal results in the literature that may be explained by the methodological limitations presented by some studies.


Assuntos
Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Depressão Pós-Parto/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Depressão Pós-Parto/prevenção & controle , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia
10.
J Pediatr (Rio J) ; 89(4): 332-8, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23791236

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on the association between breastfeeding and postpartum depression. SOURCES: A review of literature found on MEDLINE/PubMed database. SUMMARY OF FINDINGS: The literature consistently shows that breastfeeding provides a wide range of benefits for both the child and the mother. The psychological benefits for the mother are still in need of further research. Some studies point out that pregnancy depression is one of the factors that may contribute to breastfeeding failure. Others studies also suggest an association between breastfeeding and postpartum depression; the direction of this association is still unclear. Breastfeeding can promote hormonal processes that protect mothers against postpartum depression by attenuating cortisol response to stress. It can also reduce the risk of postpartum depression, by helping the regulation of sleep and wake patterns for mother and child, improving mother's self-efficacy and her emotional involvement with the child, reducing the child's temperamental difficulties, and promoting a better interaction between mother and child. CONCLUSIONS: Studies demonstrate that breastfeeding can protect mothers from postpartum depression, and are starting to clarify which biological and psychological processes may explain this protection. However, there are still equivocal results in the literature that may be explained by the methodological limitations presented by some studies.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Depressão Pós-Parto/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Criança , Depressão Pós-Parto/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia
11.
Salud ment ; 35(1): 57-62, ene.-feb. 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-653871

RESUMO

Prenatal depressive symptoms, due to their high prevalence (22% to 37%) and negative consequences on the health of the mother, the baby and the course of pregnancy, require early detection to provide support and treatment. The CES-D is a scale to identify symptoms of depression that is easy and quick to apply and has adequate validity among expectant mothers. The purpose of the study was to analyze the validity and reliability of the CES-D in pregnant Mexican women, as well as its sensitivity, specificity and predictive values using the SCID as the gold standard. Method The study was based on the secondary analysis of data. A sample of 98 pregnant women attending antenatal care in health center was selected because they displayed depressive symptoms or previous depression. Results The internal consistency of the CES-D was α=0.81. Factor analysis, which assessed the construct validity, yielded four interpretable factors (depressive affect, lack of energy/somatic symptoms, interpersonal relationships and positive affect), which accounted for 49.10% of the variance. The ROC curve analyses, showed an AUC of 0.81; for a cutoff point of >16, showed 100% sensitivity and 19.6% specificity; and sensitivity of 80.0% and specificity of 76.1% for a >28 cut-off point. Conclusions The CES-D showed excellent internal and construct validity in Mexican pregnant women and appeared to be a suitable tool for detecting depressive symptoms -a requisite for implementing preventive actions. However, it was less accurate, but still acceptable, when diagnosing major depression according to DSM-IV criteria with a score of >28.


La sintomatología depresiva prenatal, por su alta prevalencia (22% a 37%) y consecuencias negativas sobre la salud de la madre, el producto y el curso del embarazo, requiere de detección oportuna para proporcionar apoyo y tratamiento adecuados. La CES-D es una escala para identificar síntomas de depresión, de fácil y rápida aplicación y con validez adecuada en gestantes. El objetivo del trabajo fue analizar la validez y confiabilidad de la CES-D en mujeres mexicanas embarazadas, así como la sensibilidad, especificidad y valores predictivos usando el SCID como estándar de oro. Método El estudio se basó en un análisis secundario de datos. Se obtuvo una muestra de 98 mujeres embarazadas en la sala de espera de un centro de salud que proporcionaba atención prenatal. Fueron seleccionadas por presentar sintomatología depresiva (CES-D>16) o historia de depresión. Resultados La consistencia interna de la CES-D fue de α=0.81. El análisis factorial, que valoró la validez de constructo, mostró que cuatro factores pudieron ser interpretados (afecto depresivo, falta de energía/síntomas somáticos, relaciones interpersonales y afecto positivo), que explicaron 49.10% de la varianza. En el análisis de la curva COR, se obtuvo un ABC de 0.81; para punto de corte >16, mostró 100% de sensibilidad y 20.9% de especificidad y para la puntuación >28, sensibilidad de 80.0% y especificidad de 76.1%. Conclusiones Se encontró que la CES-D tiene excelente validez interna y de constructo en gestantes mexicanas y que es una herramienta adecuada para la detección de sintomatologia depresiva (CES-D>16) -requisito indispensable para instrumentar acciones preventivas-, sin embargo fue menos precisa, aunque adecuada para diagnosticar depresión mayor según criterios del DSM-IV aun en el punto de corte más parsimonioso (>28).

12.
Nutr Res Pract ; 4(4): 323-31, 2010 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20827349

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to analyse effects that the degree of depression have on the life style variables, nutrient intake, iron indices and pregnancy outcome. Subjects were 114 pregnant women who were receiving prenatal care at a hospital in Seoul. We collected data for general characteristics and lifestyle variables from general survey instrument and for depression score from the questionnaire on depression. Dietary intakes of subjects were estimated by 24 hour dietary recall method. Also we analysed iron indices and pregnancy outcomes. We classified subjects by 10 point, which was the average depression score, into two groups [Low depression score group (LS) : High depression score group (HS)]. As to the intakes of total calcium, plant-calcium, plant-iron, potassium, total folate and dietary folate, LS group was far higher than HS group (P < 0.05, P < 0.05, P < 0.01, P < 0.001, P < 0.05, and P < 0.01, respectively). As to pre-pregnancy alcohol drinking, LS group had 41.9% in non-drinker, which was far higher than 28% in HS group in non-drinker (P < 0.05). As for drinking coffee during pre-pregnancy, pregnant women who don't drink coffee in LS group took 43.6%, which was higher than 38% in HS group (P < 0.01). Regarding delivery type, the cesarean section in LS group (18%) was significantly lower than that in HS group (45%) (P < 0.01). Bivariate analysis showed that birth weight was significantly associated with the gestational age (P < 0.01). The pregnant women with higher depression score tended to have undesirable life habit, which might affect negative pregnancy outcomes. A better understanding of how depression and intake of nutrients work together to modulate behavior will be benefit nutritional research.

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