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1.
Environ Res ; 216(Pt 2): 114483, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36209790

RESUMO

Personal exposimeters are currently used in studies assessing human exposure to electromagnetic fields. These devices are usually carried by an individual, but vehicles such as bicycle or car are also used. The aim of the present study was to propose a personal exposimeter attached to a drone to perform environmental radio-frequency measurements. Trials were carried out to determine whether: (i) the wireless communication between the remote controller and the drone affects the downlink mobile telephony bands by a cross-talk effect, and (ii) the structure of the drone alters the measurements of the exposimeter compared to when the meter is on a tripod. To apply this system to a real scenario, a 3D representation of the electric field in a building was obtained, and the attenuation due to the building of radiation from outside was estimated. Measurements of the electromagnetic field with this system will make it possible to monitor without risk the emissions of antennas in their close vicinity, and to validate propagation models experimentally.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular , Campos Eletromagnéticos , Humanos , Dispositivos Aéreos não Tripulados , Exposição Ambiental , Ondas de Rádio
2.
Environ Res ; 216(Pt 2): 114610, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36279918

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In 2018, we reported a case series of 47 patients diagnosed with cancer following several years of exposure to high-intensity whole-body radiofrequency radiation (RFR) using the parameter of percentage frequency (PF). Consistent high and statistically significant PFs of hematolymphoid (HL) cancers were found in this group and in four previous reports on RFR-exposed groups in Belgium, Poland and Israel together with increased all-cancers rates. In this paper we report a new series of 46 young cancer patients who were exposed during military service to such radiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The new group of patients comprises Israeli soldiers previously exposed to occupational RFR. The patients were self-selected to enroll in the research in cooperation with an NGO assisting patients with administrative counseling and legal and social services. The new group of patients was studied with respect to distribution (proportion) of cancer types using the method of PF. When possible, cancer risk ratios (RR) were estimated too. The results are compared to those of other occupational groups in three countries. RESULTS: Median age at diagnosis was 23 years; duration of exposure was between 1 and 3 years and the latencies were short, median 4.6 years. The PF of HL cancers was 41.3%, 95% CI (27%-57%), versus 22.7% expected in non-exposed subjects matched for age and gender profiles, p = 0.003; 19 out of the 46 patients had HL cancers. The PF of Hodgkin lymphoma cancers was 21.7%, 95%CI (11%-36%), versus 11.6% expected, p = 0.033. For a subgroup of 6 patients, the number of soldiers in the units was known, and we were able estimate approximately the overall cancer risk ratio (RR) after 8 years as being 8.0 with 95% CI (2.9, 17), p < 0.002, with only 0.75 cases expected from the Cancer Registry data. In this subgroup, there were 3 HL cancer cases and 3 non-HL cases. Sarcoma PF was higher than expected, 7 out of the 46 patients were diagnosed with sarcoma, PF = 15.2%, 95%CI (6.3%-28.9%), p = 0.04 versus the expected PF of 7%. CONCLUSION: The HL PF was high and consistent with previous reports. Epidemiological studies on excess risk for HL and other cancers, brain tumors in cellphone users, and experimental studies on RFR and carcinogenicity strongly point to a cause-effect relationship. It is mandatory to reduce the RFR exposure of all personnel to that of the typical community levels, including the peak level of radar pulses. Radiation protection, safety instructions, cancer risk warnings and quantitative data on individual exposure together with regular medical monitoring must be instituted for all personnel exposed to such risks. The findings from our study add to the growing body of evidence underscoring the gross inadequacy of the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) thermal standards. Based on our findings and on the previous accumulated research, we endorse the recommendations to reclassify RFR exposure as a human carcinogen, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) group 1.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Militares , Sarcoma , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Radar , Ondas de Rádio/efeitos adversos
3.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-993070

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the effect of radiofrequency radiation (RF) from 5G mobile phone communication frequency bands (3.5 GHz and 4.9 GHz) on the permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in mice.Methods:A total of 24 healthy adult male C57BL/6 mice (6-8 weeks old) were randomly divided into Sham, 3.5 GHz RF and 4.9 GHz RF groups, and 8 mice in each group. Mice in the RF groups were systemically exposed to 5G cell phone radiation for consecutive 35 d(1 h/d) with 50 W/m 2 power density. The BBB permeability of mice was detected by Evans Blue (EB) fluorescence experiment. The expression levels of the BBB tight junction-related proteins (ZO-1, occludin and claudin-11) and the gap junction-related protein Connexin 43 were determined by Western blot. Results:The number of spots, fluorescence intensity and comprehensive score of EB were significantly increased in 3.5 GHz RF group and 4.9 GHz RF group compared with the Sham group ( t=12.98, 17.82, P<0.001). Compared with the Sham group, the content of S100B in mouse serum was significantly increased in 3.5 GHz RF group and 4.9 GHz RF group ( t=19.34, 14.68, P<0.001). The BBB permeability was increased in the RF group. The expression level of occludin protein was significantly reduced in the 3.5 GHz RF group ( t=-3.13, P<0.05), and this decrease was much profound in the 4.9 GHz RF group ( t=-6.55, P<0.01). But the protein levels of ZO-1, Claudin-11 and Connexin 43 in the cerebral cortex of the RF groups had no significantly difference in comparison with the Sham group( P>0.05). Conclusions:The continuous exposure of mobile phone RF at 3.5 GHz or 4.9 GHz for 35 d (1 h/d) induces an increase of BBB permeability in the mouse cerebral cortex, perhaps by reducing the expression of occludin protein.

4.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-984251

RESUMO

With the widespread use of mobile phones, laptops, and WIFI, the effects of radio frequency radiation (RFR) on human health are of increasing concern, and there are particular concerns about its reproductive toxicity. Studies have shown that the reproductive system is a sensitive target for RFR. In males, RFR is associated with decreased sperm quality and serum testosterone levels, but there are few studies on the biological effects of RFR by altering physical parameters on the male reproductive system. This paper introduced common sources of RFR, reviewed the toxic effects and mechanisms of RFR targeting male reproductive system from the aspects of spermatogenic cells, sperm structure, blood-testicular barrier, and testicular function, and analyzed male reproductive system related toxic effects of RFR by varying physical parameters including frequency, treatment duration, and specific absorption rate, so as to provide a theoretical basis and scientific basis for the safe and reasonable use of radio frequency electromagnetic field by humans and subsequent in-depth research.

5.
Reprod Sci ; 29(5): 1471-1485, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35015292

RESUMO

The use of electronic devices such as mobile phones has had a long stretch of rapid growth all over the world. Therefore, exposure to radio frequency radiation (RFR) has increased enormously. Here, we aimed to assess the balance between cell death and proliferation and also investigate the involvement of the JNK/p38 MAPK signaling pathway in the testis of rats exposed to 900 MHz RFR in acute and chronic periods (2 h/day, 5 days/week) for 1 or 10 weeks, respectively. The expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), Bcl-xL, cleaved caspase-3, phosphorylated-JNK (p-JNK), and phosphorylated-p38 (p-p38) was analyzed in line with histopathology and TUNEL analysis in rat testis. There were no histopathological differences between sham and RFR groups in the acute and chronic groups. PCNA expression was not altered between groups in both periods. However, alterations for cleaved caspase-3 and Bcl-xL were observed depending on the exposure period. TUNEL analysis showed a significant increase in the RFR group in the acute period, whereas no difference in the chronic groups for the apoptotic index was reported. In addition, both p-p38 and p-JNK protein expressions increased significantly in RFR groups in both periods. Our study indicated that 900 MHz RFR might result in alterations during acute period exposure for several parameters, but this can be ameliorated in the chronic period in rat testis. Here, we also report the involvement of the p38/JNK-mediated MAPK pathway after exposure to 900 MHz RFR. Hence, this information might shed light in future studies toward detailed molecular mechanisms in male reproduction and infertility.


Assuntos
Ondas de Rádio , Testículo , Animais , Apoptose , Caspase 3 , Masculino , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação , Ondas de Rádio/efeitos adversos , Ratos , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno
6.
Drug Chem Toxicol ; 45(3): 1395-1407, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33111595

RESUMO

Radiofrequency radiation (RFR) is a type of non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation that includes radiowaves and microwaves with a frequency range between 3 KHz and 300 GHz. Mobile phones operate with RFR and are used tremendously resulting in increased and continuous exposure of humans to these radiations. On the other hand, nanoparticles are also being used extensively in various fields. The increasing use of radiofrequency radiations and nanoparticles has become a concern to the general public. Not many studies have reported the cumulative effect of these stressors. Hence, the present investigation was aimed to find out their cumulative effect on the mammalian system. In this study manganese nanoparticles (MNPs) were synthesized and characterized. Adult male Wistar rats were exposed to MNPs and mobile phone radiation for 45 days and their separate, as well as cumulative impact, was investigated. The effect of the MNPs and RFR on liver, kidney, and reproductive parameters were studied. Histopathology as well as liver and kidney parameters were altered when exposed to MNPs and RFR separately. However, their combined treatment did not show a synergistic toxic response in liver and kidney functions which may be due to the fact that the radiation level is low, specific absorption rate (SAR) is subthermal (0.04 W/kg) and liver and kidney are located intra abdominally, hence they would absorb comparatively lesser radiation than the testicles. MNPs and RFR both caused a highly significant decrease in sperm count, which further decreased in the combined treatment (MNPs + RFR). These results indicate that the combined treatment of these stressors can have an additive toxic response to the male reproductive system.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular , Nanopartículas , Animais , Masculino , Mamíferos , Manganês/toxicidade , Ondas de Rádio/efeitos adversos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
7.
Int J Occup Med Environ Health ; 32(4): 465-474, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303648

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study, conducted at the Military Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology in Warsaw in 2017, was to evaluate the effects of a single (15 min) and repeated (5 times for 15 min) radio-frequency radiation (RFR) exposure of 1800 MHz frequency on the analgesic efficacy of morphine in healthy rats and rats with complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) induced inflammation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Rats were injected intraperitoneally with morphine (MF) in the dose of 8 mg/kg or drug vehicle 15 min before RFR exposure. The authors used the plantar analgesia meter and the radiant heat paw-withdrawal test to assess the pain threshold. RESULTS: A single RFR exposure slightly influenced paw withdrawal latency (PWL) in healthy rats in the single exposure baseline group, and influenced PWL, 30 and 60 min after morphine or vehicle injection, in the repeated exposure group. There were differences between the sham-exposed groups (vehicle), 30, 60 and 90 min after injection, both in the single and repeated RFR-exposure groups. The antinociceptive effect of morphine in healthy rats was slightly decreased by RFR exposure at 60 and 90 min, both in the single and repeated exposure groups. The PWL was slightly decreased, both in the single and repeated exposure groups with inflammation (CFA and CFA/MF), at 30, 60 and 90 min, and PWL was increased in the sham-exposed groups (CFA and CFA/MF), both in the single and repeated exposure groups, at 30, 60 and 90 min. The antinociceptive effect of morphine in healthy rats was significantly increased by RFR exposure at 30 min after drug injection in the single exposure group, and increased at 30 and 60 min in the repeated exposure group. CONCLUSIONS: The authors observed a minor influence of RFR exposure on the antinociceptive effects of morphine in healthy rats after repeated exposures and a statistically significant influence of repeated exposure on morphine mediated antinociceptive effects in the inflammation group. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2019;32(4):465-74.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/farmacologia , Analgésicos/efeitos da radiação , Morfina/farmacologia , Morfina/efeitos da radiação , Ondas de Rádio , Animais , Adjuvante de Freund/administração & dosagem , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Nociceptividade/efeitos dos fármacos , Nociceptividade/efeitos da radiação , Dor , Ratos Wistar
8.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 48(3): 482-487, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31133139

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the chronotoxicity of radio-frequency radiation(RF) on the plasma stress hormones and immune factors in mice. METHODS: A total of 72 healthy C57 BL mice with circadian rhythm were divided into twelve groups: 6 Sham group and 6 RF groups. RF groups were exposed to 1.8 GHz RF at 226 µW/cm~2 for 60 days with 2 h/day respectively at corresponding zeitgeber time(ZT 0:00, ZT 4:00, ZT 8:00, ZT 12:00, ZT 16:00, ZT 20:00). The Sham group mice were exposed to the same condition without electromagnetic signal. At the end of last RF exposure, blood samples were collected from each animal. The concentrations of plasma stress hormones(ACTH, CORT) and immune factors(GM-CSF, TNF-α) were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) method. RESULTS: The daily average levels of ACTH, CORT, GM-CSF and TNF-α were 84.12, 60.14, 1112.02 and 594.49 ng/L, which were decreased to 62.07, 41.21, 84.18 and 305.08 ng/L after 60 days of RF exposure. Compared to sham-exposed animals, the daily average levels of ACTH, CORT, GM-CSF and TNF-α were all significantly decreased(P<0.05). Circadian rhythms in the secreting of CORT, GM-CSF, TNF-α were disappeared(P>0.05), circadian rhythms of ACTH was shifted in RF-exposed mice, with the amplitude reduced from 12.45 to 4.88 and peak time postponed from 1:39 to 5:29. CONCLUSION: 1.8 GHz RF may weaken the function of stress and immune, and disturb their circadian rhythmicities.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano , Ondas de Rádio , Animais , Fatores Imunológicos , Camundongos
9.
Environ Res ; 163: 123-133, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29433020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: We reexamine whether radio frequency radiation (RFR) in the occupational and military settings is a human carcinogen. METHODS: We extended an analysis of an already-reported case series of patients with cancer previously exposed to whole-body prolonged RFR, mainly from communication equipment and radar. We focused on hematolymphatic (HL) cancers. We used analysis by percentage frequency (PF) of a cancer type, which is the proportion of a specific cancer type relative to the total number of cancer cases. We also examined and analyzed the published data on three other cohort studies from similar military settings from different countries. RESULTS: The PF of HL cancers in the case series was very high, at 40% with only 23% expected for the series age and gender profile, confidence interval CI95%: 26-56%, p<0.01, 19 out of 47 patients had HL cancers. We also found high PF for multiple primaries. As for the three other cohort studies: In the Polish military sector, the PF of HL cancers was 36% in the exposed population as compared to 12% in the unexposed population, p<0.001. In a small group of employees exposed to RFR in Israeli defense industry, the PF of HL cancers was 60% versus 17% expected for the group age and gender profile, p<0.05. In Belgian radar battalions the HL PF was 8.3% versus 1.4% in the control battalions as shown in a causes of deaths study and HL cancer mortality rate ratio was 7.2 and statistically significant. Similar findings were reported on radio amateurs and Korean war technicians. Elevated risk ratios were previously reported in most of the above studies. CONCLUSIONS: The consistent association of RFR and highly elevated HL cancer risk in the four groups spread over three countries, operating different RFR equipment types and analyzed by different research protocols, suggests a cause-effect relationship between RFR and HL cancers in military/occupational settings. While complete measurements of RFR exposures were not available and rough exposure assessments from patients interviews and from partial exposure data were used instead, we have demonstrated increased HL cancers in occupational groups with relatively high RFR exposures. Our findings, combined with other studies, indicate that exposures incurred in the military settings evaluated here significantly increased the risk of HL cancers. Accordingly, the RFR military exposures in these occupations should be substantially reduced and further efforts should be undertaken to monitor and measure those exposures and to follow cohorts exposed to RFR for cancers and other health effects. Overall, the epidemiological studies on excess risk for HL and other cancers together with brain tumors in cellphone users and experimental studies on RFR and carcinogenicity make a coherent case for a cause-effect relationship and classifying RFR exposure as a human carcinogen (IARC group 1).


Assuntos
Militares , Neoplasias , Exposição Ocupacional , Ondas de Rádio , Adulto , Idoso , Bélgica , Causalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/etiologia , Polônia , Ondas de Rádio/efeitos adversos
10.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 92: 802-809, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28591692

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of repeated exposure (5 times for 15min) of 1800MHz radio-frequency radiation (RFR) on N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor subunit NR1 (NMDA-NR1) expression in the brains of rats in a persistent inflammatory state. We also measured the effect of RFR combined with tramadol (TRAM) to determine the potential antioxidant capacity of this agent. METHODS: The effects of the Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) modulated 1800MHz RFR exposure on the expression and activity of glutamate receptor channels with antioxidative activity in brain tissue was measured using oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) and electron spin resonance (ESR) detection of the hydroxyl radical generated by the Fenton reaction. NMDA-NR1 was measured in the cerebral tissue of rats with inflammation (complete Freund's adjuvent) and those injected with tramadol after RFR exposure (RFR, RFR/TRAM) and in non-exposed (baseline, TRAM) rats. RESULTS: No differences between the baseline group and the exposed group (RFR) were observed. NMDA-NR1 expression decreased after CFA injection and RFR exposure, and an elevated expression of NMDA-NR1 was observed in healthy control rats of both groups: TRAM/RFR and RFR. CONCLUSIONS: ORAC assessment revealed a robust effect of RFR, however the other experiments revealed equivocal effects. Further studies examining the combination of ORAC with NMDA are warranted to elucidate more clearly the effect of RFR on the brain.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/patologia , Inflamação/patologia , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Subunidades Proteicas/metabolismo , Ondas de Rádio , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo , Animais , Radicais Livres/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Ferro , Masculino , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Análise de Componente Principal , Ratos Wistar
11.
Saudi J Biol Sci ; 24(4): 883-891, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28490961

RESUMO

Present study was under taken to predict the possible DNA damages (genotoxicity) and carcinogenicity caused by radiofrequency radiations (RF) to living tissue. Dry seeds of chickpea were treated with GSM cell phone (900 MHz) and laptop (3.31 GHz) as RF source for 24 and 48 h. Untreated seeds were used as (0 h) negative control and Gamma rays (250 Gray) as positive control. Plant chromosomal aberration assay was used as genotoxicity marker. All the treatment of RF inhibits seed germination percentage. 48 h laptop treatment has the most negative effect as compared to untreated control. A decrease was observed in mitotic index (M.I) and increase in abnormality index (A.I) with the increase in exposure duration and frequency in (Hz). Cell membrane damages were also observed only in 48 h exposure of cell phone and laptop (RF). Maximum nuclear membrane damages and ghost cells were again recorded in 48 h exposure of cell phone and laptop. The radiofrequency radiations (900 MHz and 3.31 GHz) are only genotoxic as they induce micronuclei, bi-nuclei, multi-nuclei and scattered nuclei but could be carcinogenic as 48 h incubation of RF induced fragmentation and ghost cells. Therefore cell phones and laptop should not be used unnecessarily to avoid possible genotoxic and carcinogenic effects.

12.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 118(12): 759-764, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29322809

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The use of mobile phones is widespread since the beginning of 1990s. A great debate exists about the possible damage that the Radio Frequency - RF radiation from mobile phones exerts on different organs. The objective of this study was to investigate the possible histopathological effects of 2100 MHz RF radiation on rat ductus epididymis tissue using a light microscopy and immunohistochemical method after one or two month exposure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed on 36 adult Wistar albino rats. 2100 MHz RF radiation was used with a specific absorption rate (SAR) of 0.36 W/kg for 30 min/day, 6 days per week for one or two months. There were 3 groups (n = 6 for each group): one month RF exposed group, two months RF exposed group, and the control group. RESULTS: At the end of the study, the structural changes in ductus epididymis tissue were evaluated. In both 2100 MHz RF exposed groups, the rat ductus epididymis sperm were not observed in some channels, a reduction in sperm density in some of the channels drew an attention. The loss of connective tissue and edematous areas were observed in cross channel interstitial connective tissue. In addition, it was observed that vascularization was highly increased with respect to the control group in cross-channel interstitial connective tissue. CONCLUSION: 2100 MHz RF exposure resulted in some structural changes in the male genital ducts of rats (Tab. 1, Fig. 5, Ref 20).


Assuntos
Tecido Conjuntivo/efeitos da radiação , Epididimo/efeitos da radiação , Ondas de Rádio , Espermatozoides/efeitos da radiação , Animais , Telefone Celular , Tecido Conjuntivo/patologia , Epididimo/patologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Contagem de Espermatozoides
13.
Int J Occup Med Environ Health ; 29(6): 959-972, 2016 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27869246

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate prenatal exposure to radiofrequency radiation (RFR) from telecommunication using a mobile phone questionnaire, operator data logs of mobile phone use and a personal exposure meter (PEM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 1228 mother-infants pairs from the Mothers and Children's Environmental Health (MOCEH) study - a multicenter prospective cohort study ongoing since 2006, in which participants were enrolled at ≤ 20 weeks of pregnancy, with a follow-up of a child birth and growth to assess the association between prenatal environmental exposure and children's health. The questionnaire included the average calling frequency per day and the average calling time per day. An EME Spy 100 PEM was used to measure RFR among 269 pregnant women from November 2007 to August 2010. The operators' log data were obtained from 21 participants. The Spearman's correlation test was performed to evaluate correlation coefficient and 95% confidence intervals between the mobile phone use information from the questionnaire, operators' log data, and data recorded by the PEM. RESULTS: The operators' log data and information from the self-reported questionnaire showed significantly high correlations in the average calling frequency per day (ρ = 0.6, p = 0.004) and average calling time per day (ρ = 0.5, p = 0.02). The correlation between information on the mobile phone use in the self-reported questionnaire and exposure index recorded by the PEM was poor. But correlation between the information of the operators' log data and exposure index for transmission of mobile communication was significantly high: correlation coefficient (p-value) was 0.44 (0.07) for calling frequency per day, and it was 0.49 (0.04) for calling time per day. CONCLUSIONS: The questionnaire information on the mobile phone use showed moderate to high quality. Using multiple methods for exposure assessment might be better than using only one method. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2016;29(6):959-972.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Ondas de Rádio/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Exposição Materna , Mães , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Doses de Radiação , República da Coreia , Autorrelato
14.
J Chem Neuroanat ; 75(Pt B): 123-7, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26723545

RESUMO

With the increased use of mobile phones, their biological and health effects have become more important. Usage of mobile phones near the head increases the possibility of effects on brain tissue. This study was designed to investigate the possible effects of pulse modulated 900MHz and 1800MHz radio-frequency radiation on the permeability of blood-brain barrier of rats. Study was performed with 6 groups of young adult male and female wistar albino rats. The permeability of blood-brain barrier to intravenously injected evans blue dye was quantitatively examined for both control and radio-frequency radiarion exposed groups. For male groups; Evans blue content in the whole brain was found to be 0.08±0.01mg% in the control, 0.13±0.03mg% in 900MHz exposed and 0.26±0.05mg% in 1800MHz exposed animals. In both male radio-frequency radiation exposed groups, the permeability of blood-brain barrier found to be increased with respect to the controls (p<0.01). 1800MHz pulse modulated radio-frequency radiation exposure was found more effective on the male animals (p<0.01). For female groups; dye contents in the whole brains were 0.14±0.01mg% in the control, 0.24±0.03mg% in 900MHz exposed and 0.14±0.02mg% in 1800MHz exposed animals. No statistical variance found between the control and 1800MHz exposed animals (p>0.01). However 900MHz pulse modulated radio-frequency exposure was found effective on the permeability of blood-brain barrier of female animals. Results have shown that 20min pulse modulated radio-frequency radiation exposure of 900MHz and 1800MHz induces an effect and increases the permeability of blood-brain barrier of male rats. For females, 900MHz was found effective and it could be concluded that this result may due to the physiological differences between female and male animals. The results of this study suggest that mobile phone radation could lead to increase the permeability of blood-brain barrier under non-thermal exposure levels. More studies are needed to demonstrate the mechanisms of that breakdown.


Assuntos
Barreira Hematoencefálica/efeitos da radiação , Encéfalo/efeitos da radiação , Telefone Celular , Radiação Eletromagnética , Ondas de Rádio/efeitos adversos , Animais , Barreira Hematoencefálica/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Feminino , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
15.
Electromagn Biol Med ; 34(1): 72-6, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24499288

RESUMO

The biochemical status in the saliva of 12 males before/after using mobile phone has been evaluated. Radio frequency signals of 1800 MHz (continuous wave transmission, 217 Hz modulate and Global System for Mobile Communications [GSM - non-DTX]) with 1.09 w/kg specific absorption rate (SAR) value were used for 15 and 30 min. Cell phone radiation induced a significant increase of superoxide dismutase (SOD); there was a statistically significant effect of talking time on the levels of SOD, F(2, 33) = 8.084, p < 0.05, ω = 0.53. The trend analysis suggests a significant quadratic trend, F(1, 33) = 4.891, p < 0.05; indicating that after 15 min of talking the levels of SOD increased, but as talking time increased the SOD activity started to drop. In contrast to this, there was no statistically significant effect of talking time on the level of salivary albumin, cytochrome c, catalase or uric acid. Results suggest that exposure to electromagnetic radiation may exert an oxidative stress on human cells as evidenced by the increase in the concentration of the superoxide radical anion released in the saliva of cell phone users.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular , Saliva/metabolismo , Saliva/efeitos da radiação , Albuminas/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Citocromos c/metabolismo , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos da radiação , Ondas de Rádio/efeitos adversos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Ácido Úrico/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
16.
Electromagn Biol Med ; 33(4): 296-301, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24279630

RESUMO

In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of 1800 and 2100 MHz Radio Frequency (RF) radiation on the number of micronucleus (MN) in exfoliated bladder cells of rat which shows the genotoxic damage. Exposure period was 30 min/day, 6 days/week for a month and two months exposure periods. Thirty male wistar albino rats were used for five groups: Group I (n = 6): 1800 MHz RF exposed animals for one month, Group II (n = 6): 2100 MHz RF exposed animals for one month, Group III (n = 6): 2100 MHz RF exposed for two months, Group IV (n = 6): control group for one month, Group V (n = 6): control group for two months. Rats of the control groups were housed in their home cages during the entire experimental period without subjecting to any experimental manipulation. 1800 and 2100 MHz RF exposures did not result in any significant MN frequencies in rat bladder cells with respect to the control groups (p > 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between 2100 MHz RF exposed groups, either. Further studies are needed to demonstrate if there is any genotoxic effect, micronucleus formation in other tissues of rats.


Assuntos
Ondas de Rádio/efeitos adversos , Bexiga Urinária/citologia , Animais , Dano ao DNA , Masculino , Testes para Micronúcleos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Fatores de Tempo , Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo , Bexiga Urinária/efeitos da radiação
17.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-385267

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the genetic effects of radio-frequency radiation (RF-radiation) on mammalian somatic cells. Methods A meta-analysis of reported data (1991-2009) was conducted to obtain a quantitative estimate of genotoxicity ( including single-and double-strand breaks in the DNA, incidence of chromosome aberration, micronuclei, and sister chromatid exchanges) in RF-radiationexposed cells compared with sham-exposed cells or unexposed control cells. Results After RF-radiation exposure, the weighted mean difference and its 95% confidence interval was 1.03(0. 74, 1.31 )for comet tail length in radiation group, and was 0. 10 (0. 04, 0. 16) for comet tail moment compared with control group. Relative risk and its 95% confidence interval for chromosome aberration was 1.21 (0. 68, 2. 13 )for lower than 2000 MHz RF-radiation exposure group, and 1.76( 1.05, 2.97 ) for more than 2000 MHz RF-radiation exposure group. The combined relative risk and its 95% confidence interval for micronuclei formation was 1.39(1.18-1.64). The combined WMD and its 95% confidence interval for sister chromatid exchanges in radiation group was 0. 40 ( - 0. 33,1.14 ) compared with control group. Conclusions On certain RF radiation exposure conditions, it can increase in the DNA damages and micronuclei formation.There might be an increase of chromosomal aberration occurrence for RF-radiation exposure above 2000 MHz, while no significant differences for those lower than 2000 MHz RF-radiation exposure. For the incidence of sister chromatid exchanges in mammalian somatic cells, RF-radiation exposure had no significant influence.

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