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1.
Bone Rep ; 16: 101593, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35663376

RESUMO

Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a high risk of bone fractures. A circadian rhythmicity in turnover and mineralization of bone appears to be of importance for bone health. In CKD disturbances in the circadian rhythm of various functions has been demonstrated and indeed the circadian rhythm in the mineral metabolism is disturbed. The aim of the present study was to compare the circadian rhythm of bone turnover markers in ten patients with CKD to ten healthy controls. Bone turnover markers (C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b, N-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen, bone alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin) were measured every third hour for 24 h. All bone turnover markers displayed a significant circadian rhythm in both groups and there were no significant differences in the rhythmicity between the two groups (no group*time interaction). As expected, due to the reduced renal clearance, the overall level of C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen and osteocalcin was higher in CKD compared to the healthy controls. The present study suggests that disturbances in the circadian rhythm of bone turnover do not explain the metabolic bone disease and increased risk of fractures in CKD.

2.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(11)2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35683972

RESUMO

Collagen from fish has been proven to have a low antigenicity that has no difference in the genetic codes compared with mammalian-based collagen. This study was designed to investigate the impact of tilapia skin collagen on immunogenicity and biocompatibility in vivo and in vitro. The structural characteristics of both acid-soluble and pepsin-soluble collagen (ASC and PSC), determined using SDS-PAGE and atomic force microscopy imaging experiments, revealed that the collagen had the basic characteristics of type I collagen (COL-I). The in vitro biocompatibility of the collagens showed good cell proliferation against human foreskin fibroblast (HFF-1) cells. PSC and ASC were considered to be almost non-hemolytic biomaterials with favorable blood compatibility in hemolysis tests. The in vivo antigenicity of the collagen in an ICR mouse model evoked an acceptable specific inflammatory response compared to bovine collagen. The implant's position had developed a complete granulation tissue and the sponge disappeared after 8 weeks. The level of cytokines produced by the COL-I immune response was much lower than bovine collagen, which indicated the appropriate implantable property and biodegradability of the collagens. In conclusion, the tilapia COL-I has a lower immunogenicity with better compatibility than bovine COL-I and is a potential alternative to conventional mammalian collagens in biomedical uses.

3.
Orthop Res Rev ; 14: 207-214, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35720512

RESUMO

Introduction: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) contains many growth factors, such as FGF, which induces the production of type I collagen, and VEGF, which induces neovascularization, all of which are important in bone healing. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of PRP administration on type I collagen production, VEGF expression, and neovascularization in rat models following femoral bone implants using K-wire. Methods: An experimental randomized control study was conducted on 24 white male rats (Rattus norvegicus) in the Wistar strain that underwent K-wire implantation, where PRP was administered to the treatment groups. The amount of type I collagen was measured by immunohistochemistry VEGF expression using sandwich ELISA, and neovascularization by histopathological examination. Results: The amount of type I collagen in the treatment group (50->150/field of view) was significantly higher than the control group (0-99/field of view; p=0.003). VEGF expression in the treatment groups was significantly higher than controls: 10.90±4.47 and 2.29±0.92, respectively (p=0.006). Mean number of new vessels formed on fibrotic capsules in the treatment groups was significantly (p=0.007) higher than the control groups (2.69±1.03 vs 0.67±0.52). Conclusion: The use of PRP significantly increased type I collagen production, VEGF expression, and neovascularization in rat models, elucidating the potential of PRP to be used in clinical settings to enhance the bone-healing process.

4.
Biofactors ; 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35661288

RESUMO

Bone homeostasis is the equilibrium between organic and inorganic components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and cells. Alteration of this balance has consequences on bone mass and architecture, resulting in conditions such as osteoporosis (OP). Given ECM protein mutual regulation and their effects on bone structure and mineralization, further insight into their expression is crucial to understanding bone biology under normal and pathological conditions. This study focused on Type I Collagen, which is mainly responsible for structural properties and mineralization of bone, and selected proteins implicated in matrix composition, mineral deposition, and cell-matrix interaction such as Decorin, Osteocalcin, Osteopontin, Bone Sialoprotein 2, Osteonectin and Transforming Growth Factor beta. We developed a novel multidisciplinary approach in order to assess bone matrix in healthy and OP conditions more comprehensively by exploiting the Fourier Transform Infrared Imaging (FTIRI) technique combined with histomorphometry, Sirius Red staining, immunohistochemistry, and Western Blotting. This innovatory procedure allowed for the analysis of superimposed tissue sections and revealed that the alterations in OP bone tissue architecture were associated with warped Type I Collagen structure and deposition but not with changes in the total protein amount. The detected changes in the expression and/or cooperative or antagonist role of Decorin, Osteocalcin, Osteopontin, and Bone Sialoprotein-2 indicate the deep impact of these NCPs on collagen features of OP bone. Overall, our strategy may represent a starting point for designing targeted clinical strategies aimed at bone mass preservation and sustain the FTIRI translational capability as upcoming support for traditional diagnostic methods.

5.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids ; 1867(9): 159181, 2022 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35595017

RESUMO

The extracellular matrix (ECM) regulates cell behavior through signal transduction and provides a suitable place for cell survival. As one of the major components of the extracellular matrix, type I collagen is involved in regulating cell migration, proliferation and differentiation. We present a system in which 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cells are induced for adipogenic differentiation on type I collagen coated dishes. Our previous study has found that type I collagen inhibits adipogenic differentiation via YAP activation. Here we further reveal that type I collagen inactivates autophagy by up-regulating mTOR activity via the YAP pathway. Under collagen-coating conditions, co-localization of lysosomes with mTOR was increased and the level of downstream protein p-S6K was elevated, accompanied by a decrease in the level of autophagy. Autophagy is negatively correlated with adipogenesis under type I collagen coating. Through the YAP-autophagy axis, type I collagen improves glycolipid metabolism accompanied by increased mitochondrial content, enhanced glucose uptake, reduced release of free fatty acids (FFAs) and decreased intracellular lipid accumulation. Our findings provide insight into the strategy for dealing with obesity: Type I collagen or the drugs with inhibitory effects on autophagy or YAP, have a potential to accelerate the energy metabolism of adipose tissue, so as to better maintain the homeostasis of glucose and lipids in the body, which can be used for achieving weight loss.

6.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(9)2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567034

RESUMO

Collagen is one of the most widely used biomaterials in health-related sectors. The industrial production of collagen mostly relies on its extraction from mammals, but several issues limited its use. In the last two decades, marine organisms attracted interest as safe, abundant, and alternative source for collagen extraction. In particular, the possibility to valorize the huge quantity of fish industry waste and byproducts as collagen source reinforced perception of fish collagen as eco-friendlier and particularly attractive in terms of profitability and cost-effectiveness. Especially fish byproducts from eco-sustainable aquaponics production allow for fish biomass with additional added value and controlled properties over time. Among fish species, Oreochromis niloticus is one of the most widely bred fish in large-scale aquaculture and aquaponics systems. In this work, type I collagen was extracted from aquaponics-raised Tilapia skin and characterized from a chemical, physical, mechanical, and biological point of view in comparison with a commercially available analog. Performed analysis confirmed that the proprietary process optimized for type I collagen extraction allowed to isolate pure native collagen and to preserve its native conformational structure. Preliminary cellular studies performed with mouse fibroblasts indicated its optimal biocompatibility. All data confirmed the eligibility of the extracted Tilapia-derived native type I collagen as a biomaterial for healthcare applications.

7.
Acad Pathol ; 9(1): 100025, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600749
8.
Acta Biomater ; 146: 274-283, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35487427

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a joint disease affecting millions of patients worldwide. During OA onset and progression, the articular cartilage is destroyed, but the underlying complex mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we uncover changes in the thickness of collagen fibers and their composition at the onset of OA. For articular cartilage explants from knee joints of OA patients, we find that type I collagen-rich fibrocartilage-like tissue was formed in macroscopically intact cartilage, distant from OA lesions. Importantly, the number of thick fibers (>100 nm) has decreased early in the disease, followed by complete absence of thick fibers in advanced OA. We have obtained these results by a combination of high-resolution atomic force microscopy imaging under near-native conditions, immunofluorescence, scanning electron microscopy and a fluorescence-based classification of the superficial chondrocyte spatial organization. Taken together, our data suggests that the loss of tissue functionality in early OA cartilage is caused by a reduction of thick type II collagen fibers, likely due to the formation of type I collagen-rich fibrocartilage, followed by the development of focal defects in later OA stages. We anticipate that such an integrative characterization will be very beneficial for an in-depth understanding of other native biological tissues and the development of sustainable biomaterials. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: In early osteoarthritis (OA) the cartilage appears macroscopically intact. However, this study demonstrates that the collagen network already changes in early OA by collagen fiber thinning and the formation of fibrocartilage-like tissue. Both nanoscopic deficiencies already occur in macroscopically intact regions of the human knee joint and are likely connected to processes that result in a weakened extracellular matrix. This study enhances the understanding of earliest progressive cartilage degeneration in the absence of external damage. The results suggest a determination of the mean collagen fiber thickness as a new target for the detection of early OA and a regulation of type I collagen synthesis as a new path for OA treatment.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Osteoartrite , Cartilagem Articular/patologia , Condrócitos/fisiologia , Colágeno Tipo I , Colágeno Tipo II , Humanos , Osteoartrite/patologia
9.
Bone Joint Res ; 11(4): 239-250, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35442058

RESUMO

AIMS: Bone turnover markers (BTMs) follow distinct trends after fractures and limited evidence suggests differential levels in BTMs in patients with delayed healing. The effect of vitamin D, and other factors that influence BTMs and fracture healing, is important to elucidate the use of BTMs as surrogates of fracture healing. We sought to determine whether BTMs can be used as early markers of delayed fracture healing, and the effect of vitamin D on BTM response after fracture. METHODS: A total of 102 participants aged 18 to 50 years (median 28 years (interquartile range 23 to 35)), receiving an intramedullary nail for a tibial or femoral shaft fracture, were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial comparing vitamin D3 supplementation to placebo. Serum C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX; bone resorption marker) and N-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen (P1NP; bone formation marker) were measured at baseline, six weeks, and 12 weeks post-injury. Clinical and radiological fracture healing was assessed at three months. RESULTS: CTX and P1NP concentrations peaked at six weeks in all groups. Elevated six-week CTX and P1NP were associated with radiological healing at 12 weeks post-injury (odds ratio (OR) 10.5; 95% confidence interval 2.71 to 53.5, p = 0.002). We found no association between CTX or P1NP and functional healing. Baseline serum 25(OH)D showed a weak inverse relationship with P1NP (p = 0.036) and CTX (p = 0.221) at 12 weeks, but we observed no association between vitamin D supplementation and either BTM. CONCLUSION: Given the association between six-week BTM concentrations and three-month radiological fracture healing, CTX and P1NP appear to be potential surrogate markers of fracture healing. Cite this article: Bone Joint Res 2022;11(4):239-250.

10.
Front Pediatr ; 10: 816090, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35463886

RESUMO

Background: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare heterogeneous disorder typically featured by fragile bones and susceptibility to fracture. The aim of the present study was to explore the genetic etiology of familial recurrent OI and the genotype-phenotype correlation. Methods: Karyotyping, chromosomal microarray analysis, and whole-exome sequencing (WES) were performed to determine the genetic etiology of OI in the enrolled family. Western blotting analysis was carried out using the fetal skin tissue for type I collagen production analysis. Results: At the first pregnancy, a c.1777G>A mutation in the COL1A1 gene was detected in the fetus who exhibited skeletal dysplasia. In this second pregnancy, severe fetal skeletal dysplasia was also presented without significant chromosomal abnormality detected by karyotype and chromosomal microarray analysis in the fetus. Further WES results demonstrated a de novo missense mutation of c.1777G>A (p.G593S) in the fetus, which was classified as a pathogenic variant according to the ACMG guidelines. The recurrent mutation in the two fetuses hinted at the possible existence of gonadal mosaicism in the parents, while no mutation in the COL1A1 gene was identified in the DNA from the father's sperm. In addition, Western blot results demonstrated no reduced type I procollagen production in the affected fetus compared with the age-matched controls. Conclusions: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that identified a rare variant of c.1777G>A in the COL1A1 gene that led to recurrent OI in the Chinese population. Additionally, we believe that this rare variant of c.1777G>A in the COL1A1 gene will lead to OI type II. The results of the present study further verify the application value of WES in identifying fetuses with ultrasound anomalies.

11.
JOR Spine ; 5(1): e1193, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35386752

RESUMO

Background: Disorders of the intervertebral disc (IVD) are widely known to result in low back pain; one of the most common debilitating conditions worldwide. As a multifaceted condition, both inflammatory environment and mechanical factors can play a crucial role in IVD damage, and in particular, in the annulus fibrosus (AF), the highly collagenous outer ring of the IVD. As a result, a better understanding of how cells from the IVD, and specifically the AF, interact and respond to their environment is imperative. Goal: The goal of this study is to use collagen type I as an in vitro three-dimensional extracellular matrix for AF cells of IVD and briefly examine both the cellular and mechanical effect of exposure to an inflammatory stimulant. Methods: We utilized type I collagen as a 3D in vitro model material for culturing AF cells of Sprague Dawley rat tail IVDs. Results: We showed that the cultured cells are viable and metabolically active; these cells also induced a distinct and significant contraction on their collagen matrix. Furthermore, to demonstrate potential versatility of our model our model and its versatility, we used lipopolysaccharide (LPS), as a known inflammatory stimulant in IVDs, to manipulate the cells and their interaction. LPS treatment resulted in detectable changes to the contraction cells induced on the collagen matrix and affected the mechanical properties of these constructs.

12.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 13(1): 143, 2022 04 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35379318

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The bone tissue engineering (BTE) approach has been introduced as an alternative to conventional treatments for large non-healing bone defects. Magnetism promotes stem cells' adherence to biocompatible scaffolds toward osteoblast differentiation. Furthermore, osteogenic differentiation media are expensive and any changes in its composition affect stem cells differentiation. Moreover, media growth factors possess a short half-life resulting in the rapid loss of their functions in vivo. With the above in mind, we fabricated a multilayered nanocomposite scaffold containing the wild type of Type I collagen (Col I) with endogenous magnetic property to promote osteogenesis in rat ADSCs with the minimum requirement of osteogenic differentiation medium. METHODS: Fe3O4 NPs were synthesized by co-precipitation method and characterized using SEM, VSM, and FTIR. Then, a PCL/Col I nanocomposite scaffold entrapping Fe3O4 NPs was fabricated by electrospinning and characterized using SEM, TEM, AFM, VSM, Contact Angle, tensile stretching, and FTIR. ADSCs were isolated from rat adipose tissue and identified by flow cytometry. ADSCs were loaded onto PCL/Col I and PCL/Col I/Fe3O4-scaffolds for 1-3 weeks with/without osteogenic media conditions. The cell viability, cell adhesion, and osteogenic differentiation were evaluated using MTT assay, SEM, DAPI staining, ALP/ARS staining, RT-PCR, and western blotting, respectively. RESULTS: SEM, VSM, and FTIR results indicated that Fe3O4 was synthesized in nano-sized (15-30 nm) particles with spherical-shaped morphology and superparamagnetic properties with approved chemical structure as FTIR revealed. According to SEM images, the fabricated magnetic scaffolds consisted of nanofiber (500-700 nm). TEM images have shown the Fe3O4 NPs entrapped in the scaffold's fiber without bead formation. FTIR spectra analysis confirmed the maintenance of the natural structure of Col I, PCL, and Fe3O4 upon electrospinning. AFM data have shown that MNPs incorporation introduced stripe-like topography to nanofibers, while the depth of the grooves has decreased from 800 to 500 nm. Flow cytometry confirmed the phenotype of ADSCs according to their surface markers (i.e., CD29 and CD105). Additionally, Fe3O4 NP improved nanocomposite scaffold strength, wettability, porosity, biocompatibility and also facilitates the ALP activity, calcium-mineralization. Finally, magnetic nanocomposite scaffolds upregulated osteogenic-related genes or proteins' expression (e.g., Col I, Runx2, OCN, ON, BMP2) in seeded ADSCs with/without osteo-differentiation media conditions. CONCLUSIONS: Together, these results indicate that Fe3O4 NPs within the natural structure of Col I increase osteogenic differentiation in osteogenic cues-free media conditions. This effect could be translated in vivo toward bone defects healing. These findings support the use of natural ECM materials alongside magnetic particles as composite scaffolds to achieve their full therapeutic potential in BTE treatments.


Assuntos
Nanocompostos , Osteogênese , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Osteogênese/genética , Ratos , Tecidos Suporte/química
13.
Am J Transl Res ; 14(2): 1146-1159, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35273719

RESUMO

Cartilage defects are one of the hardest injures to cure, given the limited regenerative ability of cartilage tissues. Moreover, cartilage defects affect an increasing number of people worldwide. Therefore, scientists have attempted to develop effective strategies to repair cartilage defects in recent years. Recent advances in tissue engineering have led to the strategies for inducing cartilage regeneration. Among the emerging strategies, scaffolds are commonly used in cartilage tissue engineering (CTE) as they provide favorable environment for the growth and proliferation of chondrocytes. An ideal scaffolding material should be highly biocompatible. Type I collagen is one such material, which is widely used in CTE. However, type I collagen has poor mechanical properties and stability, which limit its use. Cross-linking is a simple method known to improve degradability, biological and mechanical properties of biomaterials by enhancing chemical and physical interactions between polymers. Cross-linking can be induced through chemical, physical or biological processes. In this review, we present cross-linking methods that can enhance the mechanical strength of type I collagen for CTE and highlight future directions in this field.

14.
Open Med (Wars) ; 17(1): 329-340, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35274048

RESUMO

Background: Radiotherapy-associated secondary cancer is an important issue for the treatment of breast cancer (BCa). This study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism and genetic risk factors for radiation-associated secondary diseases in BCa. Methods: The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between preradiation and postradiation BCa samples in the GSE65505 dataset were obtained. The pathways related to the radiation-associated DEGs in the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network modules were identified. miRNAs targeted to the key genes in the PPI network were identified, and their association with BCa prognosis was analyzed. Results: A total of 136 radiation-associated DEGs preradiation and postradiation BCa samples were screened out. The PPI network consisted of a significant module that consisted of 21 upregulated DEGs that were associated with "hsa04512: ECM-receptor interaction," "hsa04151: PI3K-Akt signaling pathway," and "hsa04115: p53 signaling pathway." Sixteen DEGs, including three collagen genes collagen type I alpha 1 chain (COL1A1), COL3A1, and COL1A2, were enriched in 17 radiation-associated pathways. The three genes were upregulated in BCa tissues compared with controls and were also elevated by radiation. They were targeted by hsa-miR-29a/c, and the expression levels of hsa-miR-29a/c were associated with a poor prognosis of BCa. Conclusions: The upregulation of COL1A1, COL3A1, and COL1A2 might be genetic risk factors for radiation-associated secondary diseases in BCa.

15.
Calcif Tissue Int ; 2022 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35305134

RESUMO

There exists a marked circadian variation for several bone markers (BM), which is influenced by endogenous as well as exogenous factors including hormones, physical activity, and fasting. Consequently, was the aim of this review to provide an overview of the knowledge of the circadian variation of BM and which factors influence this rhythmicity. A systematic search of PubMed was performed for studies evaluating the circadian variation of BM and which factors influence this rhythmicity. The studies were screened for eligibility by a set of predetermined criteria including a list of relevant BM and a minimum study duration of 24 h with at least 3 blood samples of which two should be at least 6 h apart. In total were 29 papers included. There exists a marked circadian variation for most BM including Carboxy-terminal Cross-Linked Telopeptide of Type I Collagen (CTX) and osteocalcin (OC) with nighttime or early morning peak. Pro-collagen Type I N-terminal Propeptide (PINP) and PTH also showed circadian rhythm but with less amplitude. The inter-osteoblast-osteoclast regulatory markers such as OPG, RANKL, FGF23, and sclerostin showed no circadian rhythm. The markers were differently affected by exogenous factors like fasting, which greatly reduced the circadian variation of CTX but did not affect PINP or OC. The marked circadian variation and the factors which influence the rhythmicity, e.g., fasting are of great consequence when measuring BM. To reduce variation and heighten validity should circadian variation and fasting be kept in mind when measuring BM.

16.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(5)2022 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35267680

RESUMO

In bone regenerative strategies, the controlled release of growth factors is one of the main aspects for successful tissue regeneration. Recent trends in the drug delivery field increased the interest in the development of biodegradable systems able to protect and transport active agents. In the present study, we designed degradable poly(lactic-co-glycolic)acid (PLGA) nanocarriers suitable for the release of Transforming Growth Factor-beta 1 (TGF-ß1), a key molecule in the management of bone cells behaviour. Spherical TGF-ß1-containing PLGA (PLGA_TGF-ß1) nanoparticles (ca.250 nm) exhibiting high encapsulation efficiency (ca.64%) were successfully synthesized. The TGF-ß1 nanocarriers were subsequently combined with type I collagen for the fabrication of nanostructured 3D printed scaffolds able to mimic the TGF-ß1 presence in the human bone extracellular matrix (ECM). The homogeneous hybrid formulation underwent a comprehensive rheological characterisation in view of 3D printing. The 3D printed collagen-based scaffolds (10 mm × 10 mm × 1 mm) successfully mimicked the TGF-ß1 presence in human bone ECM as assessed by immunohistochemical TGF-ß1 staining, covering ca.3.4% of the whole scaffold area. Moreover, the collagenous matrix was able to reduce the initial burst release observed in the first 24 h from about 38% for the PLGA_TGF-ß1 alone to 14.5%, proving that the nanocarriers incorporation into collagen allows achieving sustained release kinetics.

17.
J Orthop Translat ; 33: 55-69, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35228997

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Given the limitations of current anti-resorption agents for postmenopausal osteoporosis, there is a need for alternatives without impairing coupling crosstalk between bone resorption and bone formation ie. osteoclastogenesis. Puerarin, a unique C-glycoside isoflavonoid, was found to be able to prevent bone loss by inhibiting bone resorption, but the underlying mechanism was controversial. In this study, we investigated the effects of puerarin on osteoclastic differentiation, activation and bone resorption and its underlying molecular mechanism in vitro, and then evaluated the effects of puerarin on bone metabolism using an ovariectomized (OVX) rat model. METHODS: In vitro, the effect of puerarin on osteoclastic cytotoxicity, differentiation, apoptosis, activation and function were studied in raw 264.7 â€‹cells and mouse BMMs. Mechanistically, osteoclast-related makers were determined by RT-PCR, western blot, immunofluorescence, and kinase activity assay. In vivo, Micro-CT, histology, serum bone biomarker, and mechanical testing were used to evaluate the effects of puerarin on preventing osteoporosis. RESULTS: Puerarin significantly inhibited osteoclast activation and bone resorption, without affecting osteoclastogenesis or apoptosis. In terms of mechanism, the expressions of protein of integrin-ß3 and phosphorylations of Src, Pyk2 and Cbl were lower in puerarin group than those in the control group. Oral administration of puerarin prevented OVX-induced trabecular bone loss and significantly improved bone strength in rats. Moreover, puerarin significantly decreased trap positive osteoclast numbers and serum TRAP-5b, CTx1, without affecting bone formation rate. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, puerarin prevented the bone loss in OVX rat through suppression of osteoclast activation and bone resorption, by inhibiting integrin-ß3-Pyk2/Cbl/Src signaling pathway, without affecting osteoclasts formation or apoptosis. TRANSLATIONAL POTENTIAL OF THIS ARTICLE: These results demonstrate the unique mechanism of puerarin on bone metabolism and provide a novel agent for prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis.

18.
ACS Appl Bio Mater ; 5(3): 1319-1329, 2022 03 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35262325

RESUMO

Functional bionanocomposites have evoked immense research interests in many fields including biomedicine, food packaging, and environmental applications. Supramolecular self-assembled bionanocomposite materials fabricated by biopolymers and two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials have particularly emerged as a compelling material due to their biodegradable nature, hierarchical structures, and designable multifunctions. However, construction of these materials with tunable properties has been still challenging. Here, we report a self-assembled, flexible, and antioxidative collagen nanocomposite film (CNF) via regulating supramolecular interactions of type I collagen and tannic acid (TA)-functionalized 2D synthetic clay nanoplatelets Laponite (LAP). Specifically, TA-coordinated LAP (LAP-TA) complexes were obtained via chelation and hydrogen bonding between TA and LAP clay nanoplatelets and further used to stabilize the triple-helical confirmation and fibrillar structure of the collagen via hydrogen bonding and electrostatic interactions, forming a hierarchical microstructure. The obtained transparent CNF not only exhibited the reinforced thermal stability, enzymatic resistance, tensile strength, and hydrophobicity but also good water vapor permeability and antioxidation. For example, the tensile strength was improved by over 2000%, and the antioxidant property was improved by 71%. Together with the simple fabrication process, we envision that the resulting CNF provides greater opportunities for versatile bionanocomposites design and fabrication serving as a promising candidate for emerging applications, especially food packaging and smart wearable devices.


Assuntos
Nanocompostos , Polifenóis , Argila , Colágeno , Embalagem de Alimentos , Nanocompostos/química
19.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 20(1): 103-112, 2022 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35285598

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the levels of salivary IGF-1, IGFBP-3, and CTX with periodontal status among patients belonging to various skeletal maturity groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 80 participants 6 to 25 years of age. Based on skeletal maturity, the participants were categorised into 3 different stages: prepubertal, pubertal, and post-pubertal stages. The periodontal status of the participants was assessed using the simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S), bleeding on probing (BOP), probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment loss (CAL), and community periodontal index (CPI). The saliva samples were examined for IGF-1, IGFBP-3, and CTX using the respective ELISA kits. One-way ANOVA was used to determine statistically significant differences of means across the study groups for continuous variables. RESULTS: The study demonstrated statistically significant differences for the parameters OHI-S, bleeding on probing, PPD, CPI, and CAL (p < 0.05) depending on skeletal maturity stage. ANOVA test showed a statistically significant difference by stage in IGF-1, IGFPB3, and CTX (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: An association exists between periodontal status and levels of salivary IGF-1, IGFBP-3, and CTX in patients belonging to various skeletal maturity groups.


Assuntos
Proteína 3 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I , Índice Periodontal , Saliva/química , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Proteína 3 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina/análise , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/análise , Índice de Higiene Oral , Adulto Jovem
20.
Int J Cancer ; 2022 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35225360

RESUMO

Collagen is the most abundant protein in animals. Interactions between tumor cells and collagen influence every step of tumor development. Type I collagen is the main fibrillar collagen in the extracellular matrix and is frequently upregulated during tumorigenesis. The binding of type I collagen to its receptors on tumor cells promotes tumor cell proliferation, epithelial-mesenchymal transition and metastasis. Type I collagen also regulates the efficacy of tumor therapies, such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy and immunotherapy. Furthermore, type I collagen fragments are diagnostic markers of metastatic tumors and have prognostic value. Inhibition of type I collagen synthesis has been reported to have antitumor effects in animal models. However, collagen has also been shown to possess antitumor activity. Therefore, the roles that type I collagen plays in tumor biology are complex and tumor type-dependent. In this review, we discuss the expression and regulation of synthesis of type I collagen, as well as the role upregulated type I collagen plays in various stages of cancer progression. We also discuss the role of collagen in tumor therapy. Finally, we highlight several recent approaches targeting type I collagen for cancer treatment.

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