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1.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 1027628, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36467028

RESUMO

Background: Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are prevalent in China. According to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory, damp-heat (DH) syndrome is common in chronic liver disease. However, the biological characteristics related to quantitative diagnosis remain to be determined. This study aimed to identify the consistent alterations in the gut microbiota associated with DH syndrome in patients with CHB or NAFLD. Methods: A total of 405 individuals were recruited, of which 146 were participants who met the consistent TCM diagnosis by three senior TCM physicians and were typical syndromes. All participants were required to provide fresh stool and serum samples. The gut microbiota was assessed by fecal 16S rRNA gene sequencing, and the serum metabolite profiles of participants were quantified by an ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) system. DH syndrome-related bacteria taxa were identified based on the 146 individuals with typical syndromes and validated in all 405 volunteers. Results: The results showed that CHB and NAFLD patients with typical TCM DH syndrome had consistently elevated serum total bile acid (TBA) levels. Significant alterations in microbial community were observed according to TCM syndromes identification. A total of 870 microbial operational taxonomic units and 21 serum metabolites showed the same variation trends in both the CHB and NAFLD DH syndrome groups. The functional analysis predicts consistent dysregulation of bile acid metabolism. Five genera (Agathobacter, Dorea, Lachnospiraceae_NC2004_group, Subdoligranulum, and unclassified_c__Clostridia) significantly decreased in abundance in patients with DH syndrome. We utilize these five genera combined with TBA to construct a random forest classifier model to predict TCM diagnosis. The diagnostic receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) areas for DH syndrome were 0.818 and 0.791 in internal tenfold cross-validation and the test set based on all 405 individuals, respectively. Conclusion: There are common signatures of gut microbiota associated with DH syndrome in patients with different chronic liver diseases. Serum TBA combined with DH-related genera provides a good diagnostic potential for DH syndrome in chronic liver disease.

2.
Front Oncol ; 12: 947238, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35957897

RESUMO

Background: Damp-heat syndrome is one of the most important syndrome types in the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome differentiation and treatment system, as well as the core pathogenesis of pancreatic cancer (PC) which remains a challenge to medical researchers due to its insidious onset and poor prognosis. Great attention has been given to the impact of damp-heat syndrome on tumorigenesis and progression, but less attention has been given to damp-heat modeling per se. Studying PC in a proper damp-heat syndrome animal model can recapitulate the actual pathological process and contribute to treatment strategy improvement. Methods: Here, an optimized damp-heat syndrome mouse model was established based on our prior experience. The Fibonacci method was applied to determine the maximum tolerated dosage of alcohol for mice. Damp-heat syndrome modeling with the old and new methods was performed in parallel of comparative study about general appearance, food intake, water consumption and survival. Major organs, including the liver, kidneys, lungs, pancreas, spleen, intestines and testes, were collected for histological evaluation. Complete blood counts and biochemical tests were conducted to characterize changes in blood circulation. PC cells were subcutaneously inoculated into mice with damp-heat syndrome to explore the impact of damp-heat syndrome on PC growth. Hematoxylin-eosin staining, Masson staining and immunohistochemistry were performed for pathological evaluation. A chemokine microarray was applied to screen the cytokines mediating the proliferation-promoting effects of damp-heat syndrome, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting were conducted for results validation. Results: The new modeling method has the advantages of mouse-friendly features, easily accessible materials, simple operation, and good stability. More importantly, a set of systematic indicators was proposed for model evaluation. The new modeling method verified the pancreatic tumor-promoting role of damp-heat syndrome. Damp-heat syndrome induced the proliferation of cancer-associated fibroblasts and promoted desmoplasia. In addition, circulating and tumor-located chemokine levels were altered by damp-heat syndrome, characterized by tumor promotion and immune suppression. Conclusions: This study established a stable and reproducible murine model of damp-heat syndrome in TCM with systematic evaluation methods. Cancer associated fibroblast-mediated desmoplasia and chemokine production contribute to the tumor-promoting effect of damp-heat syndrome on PC.

3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(10): 2705-2711, 2022 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35718490

RESUMO

This study was designed to explore the effect and mechanism of Gegen Qinlian Decoction(GQD) on cardiac function of diabetic mice with damp-heat syndrome. The db/db diabetic mice were exposed to the damp-heat environment test chamber for inducing the damp-heat syndrome. Forty-eight six-week-old db/db mice were randomly divided into six groups, namely the db/db diabetic model group, db/db diabetic mouse with damp-heat syndrome(db/db-dh) group, db/db diabetic mouse with damp-heat syndrome treated with low-dose GQD(db/db-dh+GQD-L) group, db/db-dh+GQD-M(medium-dose) group, db/db-dh+GQD-H(high-dose) group, and db/db-dh+lipro(liprostatin-1, the inhibitor of ferroptosis) group, with eight six-week-old db/m mice classified into the control group. The results showed that mice presented with the damp-heat syndrome after exposure to the "high-fat diet" and "damp-heat environment", manifested as the elevated fasting blood glucose, reduced food intake, low urine output, diarrhea, listlessness, loose and coarse hair, and dark yellow and lusterless fur. However, the intragastric administration of the high-dose GQD for 10 weeks ameliorated the above-mentioned symptoms, inhibited myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosis, and improved the cardiac diastolic function of db/db-dh mice. qPCR suggested that GQD regulated the expression of ferroptosis-related genes, weakened the lipid peroxidation in the myocardium, and up-regulated glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4) expression in comparison with those in the db/db-dh group. At the same time, the ferroptosis inhibitor liprostatin-1 significantly improved the cardiac function and reversed the cardiac remodeling of db/db-dh mice. It can be concluded that the damp-heat syndrome may aggravate myocardial ferroptosis and accelerate cardiac remodeling of db/db mice, thus leading to diastolic dysfunction. GQD is able to improve cardiac remodeling and diastolic function in diabetic mice with damp-heat syndrome, which may be related to its inhibition of myocardial ferroptosis.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Hiperglicemia , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Temperatura Alta , Hiperglicemia/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Remodelação Ventricular
4.
Anat Rec (Hoboken) ; 2022 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35225421

RESUMO

Liver depression and spleen deficiency syndrome (LDSDS) and spleen-gastric damp-heat syndrome (SGDHS) are two major traditional Chinese medicine syndromes observed in chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Both syndromes exhibit significant differences in the pathogenesis and prognosis, and are closely related to the immune system. However, the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. This study aimed to explore the immunoregulatory mechanisms of the two syndromes and promote the differentiation precision between the two syndromes. Thirty-six patients with CHB (18 LDSDS patients and 18 SGDHS patients) and 14 healthy controls were recruited into this study and blood was collected from all the subjects for testing. We studied the contents of T lymphocytes by flow cytometry and the expression levels of HMGB1/PTEN/PI3K axis proteins by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Elisa). Protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks among HMGB1/PTEN/PI3K axis were constructed for functional enrichment. The correlations between T lymphocytes and proteins were analyzed by constructing multiple regression equations. The results revealed that the CD8+ T cells level in the two syndromes were lower than that in healthy controls, and the levels of Th17, Treg cells, and HMGB1, PI3K, PDK1, Akt were higher than those of the healthy controls (p < 0.05). Moreover, the levels of CD4+ T, Th17 cells, and HMGB1, PTEN, PI3K in LDSDS were higher than SGDHS (p < 0.05). PPI network indicated that HMGB1/PTEN/PI3K axis participated in T cell activation and liver pathology. Our results revealed that HMGB1/PTEN/PI3K axis may play an important role in regulating the formation of peripheral immune differences between the two syndromes. CD4+ T and Th17 are two representative immune cells that may serve as potential biological markers for LDSDS and SGDHS in CHB.

5.
Chin Med ; 16(1): 4, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the microRNA (miRNA)-gene interactions underlying leukocyte functions and characteristics, especially the potential serum biomarkers, implicated in the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)-defined Pi-qi-deficiency syndrome (PQDS) and Pi-wei damp-heat syndrome (PDHS) resulting from chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG). METHODS: Using RNA/miRNA-sequencing approach, compared with healthy control population, we identified the PDHS- or PQDS-specific miRNAs and genes in leukocytes or serums, especially the Zheng (syndrome)-specific miRNA-gene interactions, and further decoded their functions and pathways. RESULTS: Despite being the TCM-defined Zhengs resulting from the same disease of CAG, the Zheng-specific genes and miRNAs were not same. The PDHS-specific leukocyte genes were mainly involved in defense and immune responses, including NOD-like receptor signaling and several synapses-related pathways. The expression upregulation of PDHS-specific genes enriched in the neutrophil degranulation pathway, indicated the enhanced leukocyte degranulation activation. The PQDS-specific genes in leukocytes were implicated in inflammatory response, extracellular matrix (ECM) organization and collagen catabolism. They could be enriched in MAPK and IL17 signaling and helper T cell differentiation pathways, especially the pathways associated with cell-to-cell adhesion/junction and communication such as cell adhesion molecules, ECM organization and ECM-receptor interaction, probably contributing to the characteristics and functions of leukocytes. Also, the experimentally-supported miRNA-gene interactions, concerned with COL4A2, COL26A1, SPP1 and PROCR, were implicated in the regulation of pathways related to cell-to-cell adhesion/junction and communication, suggesting the potential roles of the PQDS-specific miRNA-gene interactions for the characteristic and functional changes of leukocytes. Interestingly, the PQDS-specific miRNAs in the serums and the corresponding leukocytes, seemed to have the common roles in contributing to the characteristics and functions of leukocytes. Importantly, the hsa-miR-122-5p could be a potential biomarker, capable of being contained and carried in plasma exosomes and much higher expression in both the leukocytes and corresponding serums in the CAG patients with PQDS rather than PDHS. CONCLUSIONS: These results may provide new insights into the characteristic and functional changes of leukocytes in the two Zhengs, PDHS and PQDS, especially the miRNA-mediated gene regulation underlying leukocyte characteristics and functions, with potential leukocyte and serum biomarkers for future application in integrative medicine. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02915393. Registered on September 17, 2016.

6.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 143: 112128, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492424

RESUMO

Gender differences have important biological significance for medical research. In this study, a bias towards males was identified in animal experiments of Damp-Heat Syndrome in traditional Chinese medicine, as was first proposed by a data mining method. Combined with the correlation between Damp-Heat Syndrome in traditional Chinese medicine and Gender differences, it was considered that Gender-related factors have a significant influence on the development of Damp-Heat Syndrome in traditional Chinese medicine. However, most traditional Chinese medicine studies ignore the key significance of Gender-related factors. This study emphasises that the development of modern traditional Chinese medicine research needs to pay full attention to the biological significance of Gender-related factors and to apply this concept to the research on the Gender equivalence strategy in basic research and the practice of personalised medical diagnosis and clinical treatment.


Assuntos
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Sistema Imunitário/fisiopatologia , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Caracteres Sexuais , Animais , Mineração de Dados , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Sistema Imunitário/imunologia , Sistema Imunitário/metabolismo , Inflamação/imunologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/terapia , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Síndrome , Biologia de Sistemas
7.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 14: 2449-2460, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606611

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Berberine (BBR) is an effective component of Huanglian and has shown to attenuate atherosclerosis (AS); however, the detailed mechanism of BBR-mediated protective actions against AS remains elusive. This study was undertaken to examine the effects of BBR on aortic atherosclerotic plaque stability and the expression of autophagy-related proteins in AS rats with damp-heat syndrome or yang deficiency. METHODS: Thirty SD rats were randomly divided into (1) control (CON); (2) damp-heat syndrome atherosclerosis (AS + DH); (3) yang deficiency syndrome atherosclerosis (AS + YX); (4) damp-heat syndrome atherosclerosis + BBR (AS + DH + BBR); (5) yang deficiency syndrome, atherosclerosis + BBR (AS + YX + BBR); and (6) damp-heat syndrome, atherosclerosis + BBR + 3-methyladenine (AS + DH + BBR + 3-MA) (n = 5/group) groups. Pathological morphology, macrophage plaque infiltration, inflammation, and LC3-II and P62 expression were assessed. RESULTS: Compared with the CON group, the AS + DH and AS + YX groups had an increased plaque area in the aortic tissue with substantial foam cell and macrophage infiltration, and increased levels of IL-1ß and TNF-α (P < 0.01). After four weeks of BBR intervention, the plaque area in the AS + DH + BBR group was reduced with decreased foam cells and macrophage infiltration, and decreased levels of TNF-α and IL-1ß, whereas LC3-II protein expression was increased and P62 protein expression was decreased in the AS + DH + BBR group when compared to AS + DH group. In addition, the AS + DH + BBR + 3-MA group exhibited a significantly enlarged plaque, substantial foam cell and macrophage infiltration, increased levels of IL-1ß and TNF-α, and decreased LC3-II and P62 (P < 0.01) expression when compared to the AS + DH + BBR group. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that the BBR could inhibit arterial plaque formation and alleviate the inflammatory response in the aortic tissues in the AS rats with damp-heat syndrome possibly via promoting autophagy. The molecular mechanisms of BBR-mediated protective effects in this animal model still require further investigation.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Berberina/farmacologia , Temperatura Alta , Placa Aterosclerótica/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Oral , Animais , Aterosclerose/patologia , Berberina/administração & dosagem , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Masculino , Placa Aterosclerótica/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Síndrome
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(1): 169-178, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237427

RESUMO

The study aimed to compare the difference in intestinal absorption of the components of Gegen Qinlian Decoction between normal rats and those with large intestinal damp-heat syndrome in the pathological state, in order to explore the rational application of Gegen Qinlian Decoction in the treatment of large intestinal damp-heat syndrome. Puerarin, daidzin, liquiritin, scutellarin, baicalin, wogonoside, coptisine, jatrorrhizine, berberine and palmatine were used as the detection indexes in the in vitro everted gut sacs absorption experiment. The cumulative absorption amount(Q/µg) and the absorption rate(K_a) of each component in each intestine segment were calculated and compared. It was found that the absorption of each component in different intestinal segments were linear absorption, with R~2 greater than 0.9, which conformed to the zero-order absorption rate. There were differences between normal rats and model rats in the absorption of the components in Gegen Qinlian Decoction with the same concentration. Intestinal absorption of most components of Gegen Qinlian Decoction in the model of large intestinal damp-heat syndrome increased to some extent. The components of Gegen Qinlian Decoction with the concentration of 200 g·L~(-1) had the highest absorption in the jejunum of the model rats, and the absorption in the ileum, duodenum and colon successively decreased except daidzin and baicalin. In terms of the absorption rate constant, the absorption in the duodenum and jejunum were significantly increased(P<0.01) compared with normal rats, and the absorption in the ileum was significantly decreased(P<0.01) compared with normal rats. In addition, the absorption of puerarin, daidzin, glycyrrhizin, coptisine and berberine increased selectivity in the colon. Therefore, pathological model animals were recommended in the study of the components relating to absorption effect, in order to really lay a research foundation for the symptomatic treatment of large intestinal damp-heat syndrome.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacocinética , Absorção Intestinal , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ácido Glicirrízico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Ratos
9.
Pharmacol Res ; 144: 158-166, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30991106

RESUMO

Chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) is a common digestive disease without specific treatment. According to syndrome differentiation, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) classified it into different syndromes and has achieved significant therapeutic effects. In this study, immune repertoire sequencing techniques combined with symptom scores, electronic gastroscopy as well as pathologic changes were used to evaluate the effect and the underlying mechanism of Modified Sijunzi Decoction (MSD) in treating CAG. The results showed that MSD could relieve CAG symptoms, improve pathologic changes in CAG with fatigue and tiredness symptom, but with no help in CAG with reversal heat symptom. Moreover, MSD could regulate immune disorders in CAG with fatigue and tiredness symptom, and 7 TCR biomarkers were explored in CAG patients with immune disorders. All these results indicated that MSD is effective in treating CAG patients with fatigue and tiredness symptom by tonifying the spleen qi, suggesting that CAG treatment based on syndrome differentiation is reasonable.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Gastrite Atrófica/tratamento farmacológico , Gastrite Atrófica/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estômago/efeitos dos fármacos , Estômago/patologia
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