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1.
Exp Appl Acarol ; 83(2): 167-182, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33483836

RESUMO

The generalist predator Euseius stipulatus (Athias-Henriot) and the Tetranychidae-specialist predators Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor) and Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot play a key role in the regulation of Tetranychus urticae Koch in Spanish citrus orchards. Previous studies have shown that sour orange (Citrus aurantium L.) and Cleopatra mandarin (Citrus reshni hort. ex Tan.) display extreme resistance and susceptibility to T. urticae, respectively. When offered a choice between these two genotypes infested by T. urticae, E. stipulatus preferred Cleopatra mandarin, whereas the specialists did not show any preference. The present study was undertaken to check whether these preferences could be related to the feeding of E. stipulatus on the host plant and/or to differences in prey feeding on the two plants. Our results demonstrate that E. stipulatus is a zoophytophagous mite, which can engage in direct plant feeding in sour orange and Cleopatra mandarin, whereas neither N. californicus nor P. persimilis do so. Whereas Cleopatra mandarin provided a higher-quality prey/feeding substrate for E. stipulatus, which may be related to its phytophagy, no differences were observed for the two specialists. As higher constitutive and faster inducible defense against T. urticae in sour orange relative to Cleopatra mandarin plants result in sour orange supporting lower T. urticae densities and plant damage, our results demonstrate that pest regulation by specialist natural enemies may be more effective when prey feed on better defended plants.


Assuntos
Citrus , Ácaros , Tetranychidae , Animais , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Comportamento Predatório , Especialização
2.
Exp Appl Acarol ; 83(2): 241-255, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492556

RESUMO

The ability to disperse is one of the most important factors influencing the biogeography of species and speciation processes. Highly mobile species have been shown to lack geographic population structures, whereas less mobile species show genetically strongly subdivided populations which are expected to also display at least subtle phenotypic differences. Geometric morphometric methods (GMM) were now used to analyze morphological differences between European populations of a presumed non-phoretic, little mobile mite species in comparison to a highly mobile, phoretic species. The non-phoretic species Scutacarus carinthiacus showed a phenotypic population structure, whereas the phoretic species S. acarorum displayed homogeneity. These different patterns most probably can be explained by different levels of gene flow due to different dispersal abilities of the two species. GMM proved to be a sensitive tool that is especially recommendable for the analysis of (old) museum material and/or specimens in microscopic slides, which are not suitable for molecular genetic analysis.


Assuntos
Ácaros , Animais , Solo
3.
Exp Appl Acarol ; 83(2): 211-227, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33387143

RESUMO

The webbing life type of three spider mite species of the genus Oligonychus was studied based on web-associated behavioral characteristics. All tested Oligonychus species-viz., avocado brown mite, Oligonychus punicae (Hirst), date palm mite, Oligonychus afrasiaticus (McGregor), and banks grass mite, Oligonychus pratensis (Banks)-exhibited a complicated-web (CW) life type on various host plants. A new life type, 'CW-c,' was documented for O. punicae on the adaxial leaf side of Conocarpus erectus L. (Combretaceae). The weaving pattern with guy ropes is spun by the O. punicae female and is associated with stalked eggs; it appeared as a unique character in the CW-life type. Oligonychus afrasiaticus, also showed a new life type, 'CW-d,' when reared on the abaxial side of leaves of four host plants, viz., desert fan palm, maize, sorghum, and sugarcane. Oligonychus afrasiaticus showed a site for quiescence and a site for oviposition as variables, whereas the site for defecation (SD) was a persistent characteristic on all four tested host plants. Oligonychus pratensis showed the characteristics of the sub-type 'CW-u' on the abaxial leaf side of Washingtonia filifera (Lindl.) H. Wendl. (Arecaceae). The SD was a distinguishing behavioral characteristic used to separate O. afrasiaticus from O. pratensis when inhabiting the same host plant, W. filifera.


Assuntos
Ácaros , Persea , Phoeniceae , Tetranychidae , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Oviposição
4.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 171: 104724, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33357546

RESUMO

Dermanyssus gallinae poses a significant threat to poultry production, and the resistance to pyrethroids has been identified worldwide. Periodic monitoring of acaricide resistance in D. gallinae is very important for its control, and molecular mechanism associated with beta-cypermethrin resistance in D. gallinae is not fully clear. Results showed, four field isolates of CBP-1, CBP-2, CBP-5 and CBY-1 from China remained either susceptible or with decreased susceptibility (resistance ratio < 5.0) to phoxim, amitraz, propoxur and carbaryl. Four field isolates of CBP-1, CBP-3, CBY-2 and CBH-1 had developed high or extremely high level of resistance (resistance ratio ≥ 40.0) to beta-cypermethrin or permethrin. Detoxification enzyme activity of GSTs was significantly higher in beta-cypermethrin resistant (RS) than susceptible strain (SS), indicating that GSTs are probably involved in beta-cypermethrin resistance in D. gallinae. The recombinant GSTs (rGST-1, 2, 3) showed a pronounced activity toward the conjugates of 1-chloro-2, 4 dinitrobenzene (CDNB) and glutathione (GSH), with rGST-1 presenting the highest enzymatic activity. Constitutive over-expression of Deg-GST-2 was detected in RS strain, and GSTs genes were all inducible with the treatment of beta-cypermethrin in SS and RS strains. More importantly, knocking down Deg-GST-2 gene expression by RNAi increased the susceptibility of RS strain to beta-cypermethrin. HPLC analysis indicated that rGST-1 protein could metabolize phoxim directly, but rGSTs could not directly metabolize beta-cypermethrin. Our results indicated that some field isolates of D. gallinae from China had developed high level of resistance to pyrethroids, and elevated GSTs activity as well as increased GSTs expression levels were involved in beta-cypermethrin resistance, but the three evaluated GSTs did not play a direct role in the metabolism of beta-cypermethrin.


Assuntos
Acaricidas , Ácaros , Piretrinas , Acaricidas/farmacologia , Animais , China , Glutationa , Piretrinas/farmacologia , Transferases
5.
Pest Manag Sci ; 77(1): 217-223, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32677316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: White and colored fiber cotton cultivars have been developed to increase production and opportunities for family farming. The broad mite, Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks) is an important pest in cotton crops, nevertheless, different cotton cultivars may influence its host selection and population growth. For P. latus control, acaricides application is commonly performed, although less is known about the sublethal effects of these products. Thus, the host preference and instantaneous rate of increase (ri ) of P. latus were evaluated on white and colored cotton cultivars, as well as the lethal and sublethal effects of acaricides through mortality tests and population growth. RESULTS: In free-choice tests to evaluate host preference among white and colored cotton cultivars, no preference was observed for P. latus. The instantaneous ri values were positive for all tested cultivars, however, differences were observed between the colored BRS Rubi and the white BRS 201. The population growth of P. latus decreased with increasing concentrations of the acaricides abamectin, spirodiclofen, azadirachtin and spiromesifen. Nevertheless, azadirachtin and spiromesifen presented positive ri values even at the highest lethal concentrations (LC90 ), while abamectin and spirodiclofen provided negative ri values of P. latus from LC90 and LC70 , respectively. CONCLUSION: No host preference of P. latus was observed among white and colored cotton cultivar. Abamectin and spirodiclofen presented relevant sublethal effects that should be considered for the integrated management of this pest.


Assuntos
Acaricidas , Ácaros , Acaricidas/farmacologia , Animais , Gossypium , Crescimento Demográfico
6.
Pest Manag Sci ; 77(1): 33-42, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32776672

RESUMO

In recent years, the use of predatory mirid bugs (Hemiptera: Miridae) in horticultural crops has increased considerably. Mirid bugs are zoophytophagous predators, that is, they display omnivorous behavior and feed on both plants and arthropods. Mirid bugs feed effectively on a wide range of prey, such as whiteflies, lepidopteran eggs and mites. In addition, the phytophagous behavior of mirid bugs can activate defenses in the plants on which they feed. Despite the positive biological attributes, their use still presents some constraints. Their establishment and retention on the crop is not always easy and economic plant damage can be caused by some mirid species. In this review, the current strategies for using zoophytophagous mirid bugs in horticultural crops, mainly Nesidiocoris tenuis, Macrolophus pygmaeus and Dicyphus hesperus, are reviewed. We discuss six different approaches which, in our opinion, can optimize the efficacy of mirids as biocontrol agents and help expand their use into more areas worldwide. In this review we (i) highlight the large number of species and biotypes which are yet to be described and explore their applicability, (ii) present how it is possible to take advantage of the mirid-induced plant defenses to improve pest management, (iii) argue that genetic selection of improved mirid strains is feasible, (iv) explore the use of companion plants and the use of alternative foods to improve the mirid bug management, and finally (vi) discuss strategies for the expansion of mirid bugs as biological control agents to horticultural crops other than just tomatoes. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Heterópteros , Lycopersicon esculentum , Ácaros , Animais , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Comportamento Predatório
7.
Vaccimonitor (La Habana, Print) ; 29(3)sept.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139853

RESUMO

Para confirmar la presencia de apneea obstructiva del sueño (OSA) en rinitis alérgica (RA), se realizó poligrafía cardiorrespiratoria (CRP) y para tratar ambas condiciones, inmunoterapia alérgeno específica (ITAE). El diseño fue descriptivo en el universo de pacientes del servicio de Alergología del policlínico Previsora en Camagüey, Cuba, desde diciembre 2018 a marzo 2020. Se seleccionaron 326 pacientes en orden consecutivo de asistencia a la consulta, teniendo en cuenta los criterios: ≥5 años con RA, sospecha de OSA y prueba cutánea con ácaros: Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Dermatophagoides siboney y Blomia tropicalis, producidos en: Centro Nacional de Biopreparados de Cuba. Todos recibieron ASIT por ≥10 meses y se realizó CRP antes y después de la ASIT. La CRP se realizó utilizando el marcaje automático de eventos de ApneaLink AirTM (Resmed Corp., RFA), validado para estudiar los trastornos del sueño en el hogar. Los resultados de la prueba cutánea y de CRP se evaluaron antes y después de la ASIT; también la eficacia de la ASIT según criterios de pacientes y profesionales. De la muestra, 152 fueron del sexo femenino y 174 del sexo masculino para un 46,6 por ciento y 53,4 por ciento respectivamente; aquellos con habón de 5 a 6 mm fueron los más representados (p=0,04). Hubo descenso en los niveles de gravedad de OSA después de la ASIT (p=0,025). En la valoración de la eficacia de la ASIT, hubo un número significativo de mejorados (p=0,012). La CRP proporciona el diagnóstico de OSA en RA, y la ASIT cambia el curso de ambas condiciones(AU)


To confirm the presence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in allergic rhinitis (AR), cardiorespiratory polygraphy (CRP) was performed, and to treat both conditions, the allergen specific immunotherapy (ASIT) was used in order to change their course. Descriptive study in the universe of patients from Previsora polyclinic Allergology service, Camagüey, Cuba was carried-out from December 2018 to March 2020. 326 patients were selected in consecutive order of attendance at the consultation, taking into account the criteria: ≥5 years with AR, suspicion of OSA and positive skin test to: Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Dermatophagoides siboney and Blomia tropicalis, supplied by the National Center for Biopreparations in Cuba. All patients received ASIT for ≥10 months and CRP was performed before and after ASIT. The CRP results were taken from the automatic scoring of the ApneaLink AirTM device (Resmed Corp., Australia), validated to study OSA at home. The skin test and CRP results were evaluated before and after the ASIT. In addition, the assessment of the ASIT efficacy according to criteria of patients and professionals was performed. The sample was made-up of 152 female patients (46.6 percent) and 174 males (53.4 percent); those with 5 to 6 mm wheal were the most represented (p=0.04). There was decrease in OSA severity levels after ASIT (p=0.025). The ASIT efficacy was proved with a significant number of improvements (p=0.012). CRP provides the diagnosis of OSA in AR, and ASIT changes the course of both conditions(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Testes Cutâneos/métodos , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Rinite Alérgica/terapia , Ácaros , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudo Observacional
8.
Zootaxa ; 4893(1): zootaxa.4893.1.1, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311102

RESUMO

This paper presents a catalogue of oribatid mites (Acari, Oribatida) recorded from Continental Southeast Asia (CSEA) covering a period of 55 years from 1965 to the first half of 2020. This subregion comprises countries that are located on the southeastern coast of the Asian continent, namely, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. For each species, information is compiled on references to the original description, subsequent re-combinations of specific name with other genera, and junior synonyms used in CSEA literature, if any, as well as type habitat, habitats recorded later, and distribution within outside CSEA. A historical review of explorations and taxonomic studies in the various countries is also provided.                A total of 820 valid species including subspecies and seven doubtful species are known so far from CSEA. The valid species belong to 313 genera and subgenera, 94 families and 36 superfamilies in all of the five infraorders and two hyporders of the Suborder Oribatida. The Hyporder Brachypylina is most diverse with 620 species, followed by Mixonomata (88), Enarthronota (65), Nothrina (41), Palaeosomata (5) and Parhyposomata (1). Vietnam whose fauna has been best explored tops the records with 730 species, followed by a low second by Thailand (137), then Cambodia (37) and Myanmar (11) while the oribatid fauna of Laos is still entirely unknown. Altogether, the oribatid fauna of Southeast Asia (SEA), including its two subregions, now totals 1601 species belonging to 477 genera, 109 families and 40 superfamilies.                Species that are known so far only from CSEA countries and thus probably endemic is highest at 36.4% for Myanmar, 32,1% for Thailand, 23.7% for Vietnam, 0 for Cambodia, 27.2% for CSEA, 59.0% for the Malay Archipelago, and 48.7% for SEA as a whole. About 7% of the recorded species of Thailand and Vietnam are cosmopolitan or semicosmopolitan in distribution, but their faunal elements are decidedly Oriental, with about half (43-54%) occurring also in other Oriental countries. The same countries also share in common many species with other zoogeographic regions, viz. 12-14% Palaearctic, 8-16% Australian, 8-11% Neotropical, 3-11% Ethiopian, and 1-3% Nearctic.


Assuntos
Ácaros , Animais
9.
Zootaxa ; 4877(3): zootaxa.4877.3.7, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311182

RESUMO

Two new oribatid mite species viz. Papillacarus (Vepracarus) acaciensis sp. nov. and Licneremaeus indicus sp. nov. belonging to the respective oribatid families, Lohmanniidae and Licneremaeidae are described and illustrated. Specimens of both species were collected from litter of Acacia auriculiformis Benth. (Leguminosae) growing in different localities of the Calicut University Campus, Malappuram Dt. of Kerala. The family Licneremaeidae is recorded for the first time from India. Identification keys to all known species of the nominative subgenus Vepracarus and the genus Licneremaeus are also provided.


Assuntos
Acacia , Fabaceae , Ácaros , Animais , Índia
10.
Zootaxa ; 4878(2): zootaxa.4878.2.8, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311159

RESUMO

The fauna of the quill mite genus Peristerophila Kethley, 1970 (Acariformes: Prostigmata: Syringophilidae) associated with pigeons and doves (Aves: Columbiformes) is reviewed. In our study, we examined 109 species of columbiform hosts of which 28 species belonging to nine genera were infested by Peristerophila mites. In the analyzed mite material, six species of this genus were found including two new species described herein: P. geopelis sp. nov. from Geopelia cuneata, G. placida, G. striata, as well as Ocyphaps lophotes and P. leucomela sp. nov. from Columba leucomela. Additionally, eighteen new host species and many new locality records for the previously described taxa are reported.


Assuntos
Doenças das Aves , Infestações por Ácaros , Ácaros , Animais , Columbidae , Columbiformes
11.
Zootaxa ; 4868(4): zootaxa.4868.4.7, 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311384

RESUMO

This paper announces a database on the taxonomy, distribution and host plants of mites of the family Tenuipalpidae Berlese (Acari: Tetranychoidea), available online at https://www.tenuipalpidae.ibilce.unesp.br/. In the Tenuipalpidae Database the recorded world distribution and range of host plants are provided for each tenuipalpid species, including synonyms, with a list of all relevant publications.


Assuntos
Ácaros , Animais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Família , Plantas
12.
Exp Appl Acarol ; 82(3): 347-357, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33074414

RESUMO

The spectrum of Mesostigmata mite species that are phoretic on the bark beetle Ips typographus has been well described. However, phoretic mite abundance has mostly been quantified by researchers who used only a single method for capturing bark beetles: pheromone traps. We therefore compared mite abundance using two beetle-capture methods. At a single location with high numbers of I. typographus in the eastern Czech Republic in 2013, beetles were collected with pheromone traps and from infested logs placed in emergence traps. In total 29,589 I. typographus beetles were captured using the two methods. Mite abundance was assessed on 2400 beetles from pheromone traps and on 955 beetles from emergence traps; in total 5805 phoretic mesostigmatid mites were detected. Six species of phoretic mites were captured using pheromone traps and four species using emergence traps. The number of phoretic mites per beetle was higher for beetles captured in emergence traps than for beetles captured in pheromone traps. The most abundant mite species overall were Dendrolaelaps quadrisetus, Uroobovella ipidis, and Trichouropoda polytricha. The seasonal dynamics of phoretic mites paralleled the seasonal dynamics of their hosts.


Assuntos
Ácaros , Estações do Ano , Gorgulhos , Animais , República Tcheca , Feromônios , Casca de Planta
13.
Ann Parasitol ; 66(3): 319-329, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33128514

RESUMO

Mites are found in all types of environments, inhabiting also the immediate human environments, including dust from sleeping accommodations, upholstered furniture or carpeted floors. It is commonly known that house dust mites are sources of potent inhalant allergens. Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farinae belong to the most common species in the temperate climate zone. Samples were collected by using a portable vacuum cleaner, into trap-filters installed onto the cap for dusting. Then, mites were isolated by a flotation method with saturated NaCl solution. The Petri dishes were screening under a stereoscopic microscope for presence of mites, then isolated mites were mounted on microscopic slides in Hoyer's medium. Mites were identified to species under the light microscope using phase contrast optics. A total of 724 mites were isolated from 46 of the examined samples, including 666 (91.9%) members of the family Pyroglyphidae. Among them D. pteronyssinus was predominat (62.8% of the total count, with average number 211.22 specimens per 1 gram of dust), followed by D. farinae (24.03%, averagely 150.07 specimens per 1 gram of dust) and Euroglyphus maynei (4.42%, 118.11 specimens per 1 gram of dust). Higher density of house dust mites was associated with the following factors: higher age of building, higher number of roommates, higher washing frequency per week, presence of carpeted floor in bedrooms, wooden floors in kitchens, closed kitchen, uphoplstered furniture, absence of pets and unemployed housewives.


Assuntos
Ácaros , Alérgenos , Animais , Poeira/análise , Habitação , Humanos , Polônia/epidemiologia , Pyroglyphidae
14.
Exp Appl Acarol ; 82(3): 309-318, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025240

RESUMO

The chilli thrips, Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood, is a recently established pest in the USA and poses a serious risk to many economically important ornamental and food crops. In this study the biological control potential of the phytoseiid mites Amblydromalus limonicus (Garman and McGregor) and Amblyseius swirskii (Athias-Henriot) was compared by examining their predation and oviposition rates when fed different developmental stages of S. dorsalis. Gravid females were offered 10 individuals of either first instar, second instar, or adult S. dorsalis using a no-choice leaf disc bioassay and oviposition and predation rates were assessed daily for 2 and 3 days, respectively. There was no significant difference in predation and oviposition rates between mite species fed specific S. dorsalis life stages. There was, however, a significant effect of S. dorsalis life stage on the oviposition and predation rates observed for each mite species. The larval stage was the most preferred stage for both mite species, with A. swirskii consuming 4.6-6.3 and A. limonicus 4.8-6.4 individuals/day compared to only 1.6-1.7 adults/day consumed by both species. Female A. swirskii and A. limonicus laid 0.55-0.75 and 0.73 eggs/day on the two larval stages, respectively, compared to only 0.25-0.30 eggs/day observed for individuals feeding on adults. Although the results showed that the biological control potential of both mite species was similar, having an additional predator available that may be as effective as A. swirskii, a proven control agent against S. dorsalis in the field, warrants additional research into its potential utility.


Assuntos
Ácaros/fisiologia , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Tisanópteros , Animais , Feminino , Oviposição , Comportamento Predatório
15.
Zootaxa ; 4820(3): zootaxa.4820.3.3, 2020 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056056

RESUMO

We describe a new species, Pogonolaelaps termitophilus sp. nov., from specimens collected from termite nests in Iran. We clarify the identity of the genus Pogonolaelaps Nemati Gwiazdowicz, 2016, its type species Laelaps canestrinii Berlese, 1892, and the related genus Laelaspisella Marais Loots, 1969.


Assuntos
Isópteros , Ácaros , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Irã (Geográfico)
16.
Zootaxa ; 4820(2): zootaxa.4820.2.13, 2020 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056077

RESUMO

A new species of Blattisocius Keegan 1944 is described from specimens collected from a grain store in Giza, Egypt. Blattisocius flagellatus n. sp. has 33 pairs of long and flagellate setae on the dorsal shield, the ventrianal shield possesses three pairs of pre-anal setae, and the fixed digit of the chelicera is shorter than movable digit. A key is provided for the eight species of Blattisocius known from Egypt.


Assuntos
Ácaros , Animais , Grão Comestível , Egito
17.
Zootaxa ; 4819(3): zootaxa.4819.3.3, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056092

RESUMO

This paper presents ten species of eight genera and four families (Ameroseiidae, Ascidae, Blattisociidae, Laelapidae) of soil-inhabiting mesostigmatic mites in Kazakhstan. Eight of them are species that are recorded for the first time in Kazakhstan: Ameroseius corbiculus (Sowerby, 1806), Antennoseius (Vitzthumia) oudemansi (Thor, 1930), Cosmolaelaps lutegiensis (Shcherbak, 1971), C. markewitschi (Pirianyk, 1959), Gaeolaelaps nolli (Karg, 1962), Laelaspis astronomicus (Koch, 1839), Lasioseius ometes (Oudemans, 1903), and Pseudoparasitus missouriensis (Ewing, 1909). In addition, Gaeolaelaps kanati Joharchi Issakova sp. nov. is described from Kazakhstan, based on morphological characters of the adult female.


Assuntos
Ácaros , Animais , Feminino , Cazaquistão , Solo
18.
Zootaxa ; 4834(1): zootaxa.4834.1.3, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056131

RESUMO

Studies on Oribatida from Svalbard have nearly a 150-year long history. This paper reviews species diversity of Oribatida in Svalbard from a historical aspect, summarizes how often species have been found and detects erroneous reports. A list of 93 oribatid species (including Astigmata) from the Svalbard archipelago is presented. The species represent 30 families, of which Brachychthoniidae (14 spp.) and Crotoniidae (12 spp.) are particularly species-rich. The most often occurring oribatid species is Diapterobates notatus (Thorell, 1871), mentioned in 50% of publications, followed by Ameronothrus lineatus (Thorell, 1871) and Hermannia reticulata Thorell, 1871, mentioned in 30% papers each. About one third of the species have been found in Svalbard only once, and half of them (i.e. 15 species) were reported only in the last century, including five very old records. Acarological studies in Svalbard are heavily biased since they have concentrated on the island of Spitsbergen with limited sampling of other islands / island groups: for example, Barentsøya, Bjørnøya, Danskøya, Edgeøya, Hopen, Lågøya, Kong Karls Land, Prins Karls Forland and Sofiaøya.


Assuntos
Ácaros , Animais , Svalbard
19.
Zootaxa ; 4830(2): zootaxa.4830.2.6, 2020 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056155

RESUMO

The genus Eutegaeus (Oribatida, Eutegaeidae) comprises 13 species, which are distributed in the Australian, Neotropical and Antarctic regions; of these, two new species are described from litter in the relictual Valdivian forest of Chile. Eutegaeus parapapuaensis sp. nov. (description based on the adult and tritonymph) differs from Eutegaeus papuensis Aoki, 1964 by the absence of translamella, interbothridial tubercles, notogastral setae h3 and epimeral setae 3a. Eutegaeus paralagrecai sp. nov. (description based on the adult and proto-, deuto- and tritonymph) differs from Eutegaeus lagrecai Arcidiacono, 1993 by the presence of lanceolate bothridial setae and long notogastral setae p1, and the absence of striate ornamentation on the notogaster. A revised generic diagnosis and an identification key to known species of Eutegaeus are presented. Nymphs of Eutegaeus and related genera in Eutegaeoidea are compared.


Assuntos
Ácaros , Animais , Ninfa
20.
Zootaxa ; 4830(2): zootaxa.4830.2.7, 2020 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056156

RESUMO

Nanling National Nature Reserve is the biggest natural reserve in Guangdong Province. It is located on the south side of the Nanling middle mountain range, bordering on Hunan Province. During Oct. 28-Nov. 2, 2018, a survey was carried out to investigate the fauna of phytoseiid mites in Nanling National Nature Reserve. A total of 17 species in eight genera and two subfamilies was recorded, including two new species Transeius conyzoides Fang Wu sp. nov. and Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) huangjiaensis Fang Wu sp. nov. A checklist of all species is presented in this paper, and the two new species are described and illustrated.


Assuntos
Ácaros , Animais , China
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