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1.
Environ Monit Assess ; 192(2): 114, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940101

RESUMO

17ß-Estradiol (E2) is a natural estrogen produced by the feminine endocrine system. It is excreted mainly through urine and feces. Exposure to E2 may affect the reproductive system of both animals and humans, especially since the removal of E2 in conventional processes and technologies present in the wastewater treatment plants is not sufficient. Chlorine is one of the most studied and used oxidant worldwide. Although there are studies that demonstrate the endocrine disrupting compounds removal like E2, its reaction with organic matter can originate by-products, namely, trihalomethanes, which are known to have high toxic potential. The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the removal of E2 (50 µg E2 L-1-maximum concentration) using peracetic acid (PAA), a seeming cleaner and innocuous alternative to chlorine. To this end, a series of jar tests were performed, using different peracetic acid concentrations (1, 5, 10, and 15 mg L-1) and contact times (10, 15, and 20 min). The results obtained showed that a peracetic acid concentration of 15 mg L-1 with a contact time of 20 min had a removal efficacy of approximately 100%. The second main goal of this study was to evaluate the ecotoxicological potential of the tested treatments on the zebrafish Danio rerio. Several oxidative stress biomarkers were evaluated, namely glutathione S-transferase, lipid peroxidation, and catalase, besides vitellogenin. Both peracetic acid and E2 caused significant increases in the oxidative stress biomarkers, although this did not lead to increased lipid peroxidation levels. In addition, peracetic acid significantly decreased the estrogenic activity of E2, as indicated by decreased vitellogenin levels. Peracetic acid demonstrated to have great potential as an alternative disinfectant for chlorine treatments, and indications for future research are discussed.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Estrogênios/análise , Ácido Peracético/química , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Animais , Cloro , Desinfetantes , Disruptores Endócrinos/análise , Estradiol/análise , Estrona , Humanos , Trialometanos , Vitelogeninas , Águas Residuárias
2.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e057, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365704

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of peracetic acid (PAA) as a single irrigant on the smear layer, on the intraradicular dentinal bond strength, and on the penetrability of an epoxy-based resin sealer into the dentinal tubules. A total of 120 roots were distributed into 4 groups according to the irrigant used in root canal preparation: 1% PAA (PAA); 2.5% NaOCl followed by final irrigation with 17% EDTA and 2.5% NaOCl (NaOCl-EDTA-NaOCl); 2.5% NaOCl (NaOCl); and saline solution (SS). The smear layer was evaluated using scanning electron microscopy. The bond strength of an epoxy-based resin sealer (AH Plus) to root dentin was evaluated by the push-out test and penetrability of the sealer into dentinal tubules was observed by confocal laser microscopy. The results were analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis and the Dunn post-test (α = 0.05). The use of 1% PAA as single root canal irrigant provided smear layer removal and improved the penetrability and bond strength of AH Plus to root dentin in a manner similar to that of the NaOCl-EDTA-NaOCl group (p > 0.05). The NaOCl and SS groups had higher values of smear layer and lower values of sealer penetrability and dentin bond strength than the PAA and NaOCl-EDTA-NaOCl groups (p < 0.05). Thus, 1% PAA has the potential to be used as a single irrigant in root canals.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Resinas Epóxi/química , Ácido Peracético/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Camada de Esfregaço/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Cavidade Pulpar/química , Dentina/química , Ácido Edético/química , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Confocal , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Hipoclorito de Sódio/química
3.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 133: 382-390, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31002909

RESUMO

Keratin has been attracting interest due to its stability against enzymatic degradation thereby allowing more predictable degradation profile for tissue regeneration applications. While the efficacy of keratin has been demonstrated in different tissue models, there has been no systematic study to investigate and compare the different routes of keratin extraction from human hair. Here, we compared the four commonly used extraction methods and highlighted both physical and chemical differences in the extracted keratin. Keratin was extracted from human hair using one of four common agents, namely, sodium sulfide, peracetic acid, urea and thioglycolic acid. Whereas no specific trend was observed, the keratin extracted through peracetic acid method had significantly different properties. It resulted in lowest yield of 52 µg/mL and low crystallinity but the protein formed aggregates with highest hydrodynamic average size of around 283 nm compared to the other three methods. However, despite greater aggregation, keratin extracted from peracetic acid method exhibited secondary structural conformation similar to thioglycolic acid method. All the four extracted keratin promoted cellular proliferation of osteoblasts compared to the uncoated surface. These results provide new insight into the extraction of keratin from human hair with implications for its use as a biomaterial.


Assuntos
Fracionamento Químico/métodos , Cabelo/química , Queratinas/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Queratinas/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Ácido Peracético/química , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Tioglicolatos/química
4.
Poult Sci ; 98(1): 393-397, 2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30125007

RESUMO

In 2016, USDA-Food Safety and Inspection Service began using a neutralizing buffered peptone water (nBPW) to rinse broiler carcasses for Salmonella and Campylobacter performance standard testing. The nBPW contains standard buffered peptone water (BPW) with compounds to neutralize residual antimicrobials that may be transferred from the carcass to the sample rinsate. However, a direct comparison of nBPW and BPW on carcasses commercially treated with antimicrobials has not been conducted. On 3 replicate days in a commercial broiler processing plant, an immersion chilling biomap using whole carcass rinse samples taken prior to any chilling treatment (30), after pre-chill treatment (30), after primary chill (30), after secondary chill (30), after post-chill treatment (50), and after post-chill treatment without the pre-chill treatment (49) were tested. Carcasses were rinsed with either BPW (without neutralizer) or nBPW. Rinsates were sampled for Salmonella and Campylobacter prevalence and both Enterobacteriaceae (EB) prevalence and counts. No significant differences were observed between sampling sites or rinse media for Salmonella due to an overall low prevalence (4 positive/219 samples). Campylobacter prevalence significantly decreased from prior to chilling (93%) to after all chilling steps (47%) as anticipated (P < 0.0001); however, overall significantly fewer Campylobacter positive carcasses were detected when nBPW was used (55%) in comparison to BPW (70%, P = 0.0258). Both EB prevalence and counts significantly decreased (both P < 0.0001) from prior to chilling (100%, 2.35 log10 CFU/mL) through after all chilling steps (52%, 0.47 log10 CFU/mL). The use of nBPW versus BPW did not impact EB prevalence; however, samples rinsed with nBPW had significantly higher overall counts (1.26 vs. 1.00 log10 CFU/mL, P = 0.0134). The results from this study indicate that the use of a PAA pre-chill treatment did not significantly impact bacteria recovery following all chilling steps. The use of nBPW was effective in neutralizing residual PAA in carcass rinsates when sampling for EB counts; however, nBPW may lessen the ability to detect Campylobacter in these same samples.


Assuntos
Campylobacter/isolamento & purificação , Enterobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos , Microbiologia de Alimentos/métodos , Salmonella/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Tampões (Química) , Galinhas , Carne/microbiologia , Peptonas/química , Ácido Peracético/química , Água
5.
Food Environ Virol ; 11(1): 76-89, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30430442

RESUMO

With increasing interest in peracetic acid (PAA) as a disinfectant in water treatment processes, this study determined PAA treatment effects on human noroviruses (hNoVs) genotype I (GI) and genotype II (GII) as well as effects on bacteriophage MS2 and murine norovirus (MNV) in relation to pH. Across all pH conditions, PAA achieved between 0.2 and 2.5 log10 reduction of hNoVs over 120 min contact time in buffer solution as measured by reverse transcription-qPCR (RT-qPCR). The PAA treatments produced similar RT-qPCR reductions of MS2 and MNV, in the range of 0.2-2.7 log10. Infectivity assays achieved > 4 log10 reduction of both MS2 and MNV in buffer solution after 120 min contact time. Comparing PAA activity across varying pH, disinfection at pH 8.5, in general, resulted in less reduction of infectivity and molecular signals compared to pH conditions of 6.5 and 7.5. This difference was most pronounced for reductions in infectivity of MNV and MS2, with as much as 2.7 log10 less reduction at pH 8.5 relative to lower pH conditions. This study revealed that PAA was an effective disinfectant for treatment of hNoV GI and GII, MS2 and MNV, with greatest virus reduction observed for MS2 and MNV infectivity. RT-qPCR reductions of MS2 and MNV were lower than concurrent MS2 and MNV infectivity reductions, suggesting that observed hNoV RT-qPCR reductions may underestimate reductions in hNoV infectivity achieved by PAA. Although virus disinfection by PAA occurred at all evaluated pH levels, PAA is most effective at pH 6.5-7.5.


Assuntos
Infecções por Caliciviridae/virologia , Norovirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Peracético , Desinfetantes/química , Desinfetantes/farmacologia , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Norovirus/genética , Norovirus/patogenicidade , Ácido Peracético/química , Ácido Peracético/farmacologia , RNA Viral/análise , RNA Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Inativação de Vírus/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 125: 1008-1015, 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30572050

RESUMO

Water soluble keratose proteins were obtained from an Ovis Aries wool using peracetic acid oxidation. The wool samples and the extracted keratose proteins were characterized by using FTIR, XRD, SEM and TGA techniques. Fractions of α-keratose (MW = 43-53 kDa) along with protein species with molecular weights between 23 kDa and 33 kDa were identified in the SDS-PAGE analysis result of the extracted protein mixture. DLS and AFM experiments indicated that self-assembled globular nanoparticles with diameters between 15 nm and 100 nm formed at 5 mg/ml keratose concentration. On the other hand, upon incubation of 10 w % keratose solutions at 37 °C and 50 °C, interconnected keratose hydrogels with respective storage modulus (G') values of 0.17 ±â€¯0.03 kPa and 3.7 ±â€¯0.5 kPa were obtained. It was shown that the keratose hydrogel prepared at 37 °C supported L929 mouse fibroblast cell proliferation which suggested that these keratose hydrogels could be promising candidates in soft tissue engineering applications.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Hidrogéis/química , Queratinas/isolamento & purificação , Nanopartículas/química , Tecidos Suporte , Fibra de Lã/análise , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/citologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Queratinas/farmacologia , Queratinas/ultraestrutura , Camundongos , Peso Molecular , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Oxirredução , Tamanho da Partícula , Ácido Peracético/química , Carneiro Doméstico , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos
7.
Chemosphere ; 213: 25-40, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30212717

RESUMO

Peracetic acid (PAA) has gained increasing attention over the last decades as a suitable and environmentally-friendly alternative to chlorine-based compounds for wastewater disinfection, claiming limited disinfection by-products (DBPs) formed and no persistent residues in the environment. The present work aims at presenting a comprehensive and updated review of the ecotoxicological effects of effluents treated with PAA, to be ascribed to residual PAA and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and DBP formation. Modest concentrations of DBPs have been observed after PAA treatment, mainly carboxylic acids, which are not recognized as genotoxic. Moreover, there is no evidence of any endocrine disruption potential of PAA in human health or in the ecotoxicological studies. The associated H2O2 fraction can potentially minimize the formation of halogenated DBPs and also contribute to the acute toxic effects of treated effluents. Effluents disinfected with PAA at concentrations typical of the wastewater treatment field have displayed limited toxic, mutagenic and genotoxic effects on different aquatic organisms, particularly low compared to chlorine-based disinfectants.


Assuntos
Desinfecção/métodos , Ecotoxicologia/métodos , Ácido Peracético/química , Humanos
8.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 71(6): 319-323, 2018 Jun 25.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29943558

RESUMO

Background/Aims: We aimed to investigate the efficacy of peracetic acid (EndoPA® Firson Co., Ltd., Cheonan, Korea) in disinfecting endoscopes. Methods: We prospectively investigated the gastroscopes (Part I) utilized in 100 gastroscopic examinations and colonoscopes (Part II) utilized in 30 colonoscopic examinations after disinfecting them with 0.2% peracetic acid (EndoPA® Firson Co., Ltd.). These instruments had been collected consecutively throughout the study period. We reprocessed and disinfected the endoscopes according to the guidelines for cleaning and disinfecting gastrointestinal endoscopes laid down by the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy in 2017. Three culture samples were obtained from each examination, based on different sampling methods. The primary outcome was a positive culture rate. Results: In Part I of our study, two of 300 samples were positive. The culture positive rate after disinfection was 0.7% (2/300). The culture positive rate was not significantly different based on the exposure time to EndoPA® or the age of the scopes (p=0.7 or 0.2, respectively). In Part II of our study, all samples (n=90) were negative. Conclusions: We conclude that 0.2% peracetic acid (EndoPA®) appears to be a good disinfectant for both gastroscopes and colonoscopes.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes/farmacologia , Endoscópios Gastrointestinais/microbiologia , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Peracético/farmacologia , Desinfetantes/química , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/isolamento & purificação , Ácido Peracético/química , Estudos Prospectivos
9.
Meat Sci ; 143: 69-73, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29715662

RESUMO

"Blown pack" spoilage is primarily caused by Clostridium estertheticum. The primary source of contamination is probably pelts, faeces and soil during opening cuts and de-hiding. Peroxyacetic acid (POAA) based fogs are commonly included in an abattoir's routine cleaning process. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a powerful oxidizing agent that penetrates microbe cell walls causing cell death. In this study, we compared the ability of H2O2 and OXYSAN ZS (POAA containing 1-hydroxyethylidine-1,1-diphosphonic acid as a stabilizer) in different formats to inactivate C. estertheticum spores. Hydrogen peroxide treatment using Phytagel™ gel as carrier was effective on fleece against both naturally contaminating microflora and C. estertheticum spores. This is the first time an antimicrobial treatment has been shown to inactivate C. estertheticum spores on such a complex and highly contaminated matrix. Both H2O2 and OXYSAN ZS treatments inactivated C. estertheticum spores on stainless steel indicating their potential use as an in-plant decontamination procedure or inclusion in routine in-process cleaning.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Clostridium/efeitos dos fármacos , Desinfetantes/farmacologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Ácido Peracético/farmacologia , Esporos Bacterianos/efeitos dos fármacos , Matadouros , Pelo Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Pelo Animal/microbiologia , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Carga Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Clostridium/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Clostridium/fisiologia , Desinfetantes/química , Contaminação de Alimentos/prevenção & controle , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Géis , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Indústria de Embalagem de Carne/métodos , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos , Nova Zelândia , Ácido Peracético/química , Carneiro Doméstico , Esporos Bacterianos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Esporos Bacterianos/fisiologia , Aço Inoxidável , Volatilização
10.
Biomacromolecules ; 19(7): 3020-3029, 2018 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29757614

RESUMO

To expand the use of renewable materials, paper products with superior mechanical and optical properties are needed. Although beating, bleaching, and additives are known to improve industrially produced Kraft pulp papers, properties are limited by the quality of the fibers. While the use of nanocellulose has been shown to significantly increase paper properties, the current cost associated with their production has limited their industrial relevance. Here, using a simple mild peracetic acid (PAA) delignification process on spruce, we produce hemicellulose-rich holocellulose fibers (28.8 wt %) with high intrinsic strength (1200 MPa for fibers with microfibrillar angle smaller than 10°). We show that PAA treatment causes less cellulose/hemicellulose degradation and better preserves cellulose nanostructure in comparison to conventional Kraft pulping. High-density holocellulose papers with superior mechanical properties (Young's modulus of 18 GPa and ultimate strength of 195 MPa) are manufactured using a water-based hot-pressing process, without the use of beating or additives. We propose that the preserved hemicelluloses act as "glue" in the interfiber region, improving both mechanical and optical properties of papers. Holocellulose fibers may be affordable and applicable candidates for making special paper/composites where high mechanical performance and/or optical transmittance are of interest.


Assuntos
Celulose/análogos & derivados , Papel/normas , Módulo de Elasticidade , Ácido Peracético/química , Madeira/química
11.
Bioprocess Biosyst Eng ; 41(6): 803-809, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29500661

RESUMO

Aurantiochytrium can produce significant amounts of omega-3 fatty acids, specifically docosahexaenoic acid and docosapentaenoic acid. Use of a glucose-based medium for heterotrophic growth is needed to achieve a high growth rate and production of abundant lipids. However, heat sterilization for reliable cultivation is not appropriate to heat-sensitive materials and causes a conversion of glucose via browning (Maillard) reactions. Thus, the present study investigated the use of a direct degradation of Peracetic acid (PAA) for omega-3 production by Aurantiochytrium. Polymer-based bioreactor and glucose-containing media were chemically co-sterilized by 0.04% PAA and neutralized through a reaction with ferric ion (III) in HEPES buffer. Mono-cultivation was achieved without the need for washing steps and filtration, thereby avoiding the heat-induced degradation and dehydration of glucose. Use of chemically sterilized and neutralized medium, rather than heat-sterilized medium, led to a twofold faster growth rate and greater productivity of omega-3 fatty acids.


Assuntos
Meios de Cultura/química , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/biossíntese , Ácido Peracético/química , Esterilização/métodos , Estramenópilas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
12.
J Prosthet Dent ; 120(1): 92-98, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29310877

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The optimal irrigating solution with antimicrobial and dentin cleansing properties for post space preparation for fiber posts is unclear. Peracetic acid is one option but is available in various chemical formulations that require evaluation. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate dentin surface cleanliness based on the presence of a smear layer and the number of open dentin tubules. It also investigates the chemical composition of residues after canal irrigation with a 1% peracetic acid solution (PA) at low or high concentration of hydrogen peroxide during the preparation of intracanal fiber posts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After filling the root canals of 40 mandibular incisors, a rotary instrument was used for intracanal preparation to place fiber posts. The teeth were divided into 4 groups (n=10) according to the post space irrigation protocol as follows: CG (control): distilled water; NA (NaOCl): 2.5% sodium hypochlorite; LH: PA with low concentration of hydrogen peroxide; and HH: PA with high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide. After irrigation, the teeth were sectioned, and the intracanal dentin surface was subjected to analysis using energy dispersive spectroscopy to evaluate chemical composition and to scanning electron microscopy (×500) to evaluate the presence of the smear layer. The number of open dentin tubules was measured by scanning electron microscopy analysis (×2000) using photo-editing software. ANOVA and the Tukey test (α=.05) were used to evaluate the data, except for the presence of a smear layer, for which the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests were used (α=.05). RESULTS: The highest concentrations of oxygen in the dentin residues were detected in LH and HH (P<.05); CG and NA showed similar oxygen concentrations (P>.05). NA had a higher concentration of chlorine (P<.05), whereas LH had a lower amount of smear layer and a larger number of open dentin tubules than the other groups (P<.05). These were equivalent to each other (P>.05), except for HH, which also had a larger number of open dentin tubules than CG and NA (P<.05). CONCLUSIONS: PA 1% with a low concentration of hydrogen peroxide yielded a lower amount of smear layer and a larger number of open dentin tubules in the dentin of the post space when compared with PA 1% with a high concentration of hydrogen peroxide, despite maintaining a similar oxygen concentration in these dentin residues.


Assuntos
Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Peracético/química , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Camada de Esfregaço/tratamento farmacológico , Dentina/ultraestrutura , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Técnicas In Vitro , Incisivo , Mandíbula , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Hipoclorito de Sódio/química , Espectrometria por Raios X , Propriedades de Superfície
13.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 77: 408-413, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29020663

RESUMO

Sterilization is the certain and absolute decontamination of microorganisms totally from all manner of alive and active species. Sterilization devices used in the sterilization processes are between laboratory and external patient application devices of biomedical device technology, and they are designed to remove equipments from germs. The application potential of hetarilazo indole based azo dyes in the biomedical sterilization are known and azo dyes come into prominence in this class because of simplicity of their synthesis and procurement of low-cost raw materials. In this work, the application potential of a novel synthesized azo dye, (E)-N-phenyl-4-(thiazole-2-yldiazenyl)aniline was investigated as an indicator in the biomedical sterilization performing the electrochemical and spectroscopic characterizations. The application of indicator was tested by ethylene oxide, hydrogen peroxide and peracetic acid sterilization techniques introducing into various sterilization rolls.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina/química , Compostos Azo/química , Indóis/química , Esterilização/métodos , Tiazóis/química , Colorimetria , Eletroquímica , Eletrodos , Óxido de Etileno/química , Hidrazonas/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Limite de Detecção , Oxigênio/química , Ácido Peracético/química , Espectrofotometria , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Propriedades de Superfície , Temperatura Ambiente , Raios Ultravioleta
14.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 25(33): 32851-32859, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28210951

RESUMO

Conventional wastewater treatment is challenging in the Arctic region due to the cold climate and scattered population. Thus, no wastewater treatment plant exists in Greenland, and raw wastewater is discharged directly to nearby waterbodies without treatment. We investigated the efficiency of physicochemical wastewater treatment, in Kangerlussuaq, Greenland. Raw wastewater from Kangerlussuaq was treated by chemical coagulation and UV disinfection. By applying 7.5 mg Al/L polyaluminium chloride (PAX XL100), 73% of turbidity and 28% phosphate was removed from raw wastewater. E. coli and Enterococcus were removed by 4 and 2.5 log, respectively, when UV irradiation of 0.70 kWh/m3 was applied to coagulated wastewater. Furthermore, coagulated raw wastewater in Denmark, which has a chemical quality similar to Greenlandic wastewater, was disinfected by peracetic acid or UV irradiation. Removal of heterotrophic bacteria by applying 6 and 12 mg/L peracetic acid was 2.8 and 3.1 log, respectively. Similarly, removal of heterotrophic bacteria by applying 0.21 and 2.10 kWh/m3 for UV irradiation was 2.1 and greater than 4 log, respectively. Physicochemical treatment of raw wastewater followed by UV irradiation and/or peracetic acid disinfection showed the potential for treatment of arctic wastewater.


Assuntos
Desinfecção/métodos , Ácido Peracético/química , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Águas Residuárias/microbiologia , Regiões Árticas , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias/efeitos da radiação , Dinamarca , Desinfetantes/química , Desinfetantes/farmacologia , Enterococcus/efeitos dos fármacos , Enterococcus/efeitos da radiação , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/efeitos da radiação , Groenlândia , Processos Heterotróficos , Ácido Peracético/farmacologia , Raios Ultravioleta
15.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol ; 38(7): 784-791, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28462746

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE Activated alkaline glutaraldehyde (GTA) remains one of the most widely used high-level disinfectants worldwide. However, several reports have highlighted the potential for nontuberculous mycobacteria to develop high-level resistance to this product. Because aldehyde resistance may lead to cross-resistance to other biocides, we investigated the susceptibility profile of GTA-resistant Mycobacterium chelonae and M. abscessus isolates to various disinfectant chemistries. METHODS High-level disinfectants commonly used in the reprocessing of endoscopes and other heat-sensitive, semicritical medical equipment, including different formulations of aldehyde-based products and oxidizing agents, were tested against 10 slow- and fast-growing, GTA-susceptible and GTA-resistant, Mycobacterium isolates in suspension tests and carrier tests at different temperatures. RESULTS While peracetic acid- and hydrogen peroxide-based disinfectants (S40, Resert XL, Reliance DG) efficiently killed all of the Mycobacterium isolates, GTA- and ortho-phthalaldehyde-based products (ie, Cidex, Aldahol, Cidex OPA) showed variable efficacy against GTA-resistant strains despite the ability of some formulations (Aldahol) to overcome the resistance of some of these isolates, especially when the temperature was increased from 20°C to 25°C. CONCLUSIONS Application permitting, oxidizing chemistries may provide a safe alternative to aldehyde-based products, particularly in GTA-resistant mycobacterial outbreaks. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017;38:784-791.


Assuntos
Aldeídos/farmacologia , Desinfetantes/farmacologia , Glutaral/farmacologia , Micobactérias não Tuberculosas/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Peracético/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Mycobacterium abscessus/efeitos dos fármacos , Mycobacterium chelonae/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Peracético/química , Temperatura Ambiente
16.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 75: 43-49, 2017 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28415482

RESUMO

In the last few years, the demand for tissue substitutes has increased and decellularized matrices has been widely proposed in the medical field to restore severe damages thanks to high biocompatibility and biomechanical properties similar to the native tissues. However, biological grafts represent a potential source of contamination and disease transmission; thus, there is the need to achieve acceptable levels of sterility. Several sterilization methods have been investigated with no consensus on the outcomes in terms of minimizing structural damages and preserving functional features of the decellularized matrix for transplantation in humans. With the aim of making decellularized tendons safe for clinical use, we evaluated the cytocompatibility, and biochemical, structural and biomechanical variations of decellularized equine tendons sterilized with peracetic acid or ß-irradiation and differently wet- or dry- stored at 4°C or -80°C, respectively. Considering that both sterilization and long-term storage are crucial steps that could not be avoided, our results pointed at ionizing ß-rays as terminal sterilization method for decellularized grafts followed by frozen dry storage. Indeed, this approach can maintain the integrity of collagen-based structures and can avoid biomechanical changes, thus making xenogeneic decellularized tendons a promising candidate for clinical use.


Assuntos
Ácido Peracético/química , Esterilização/métodos , Tendões/química , Animais , Partículas beta , Cavalos
17.
PLoS One ; 12(1): e0169540, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28125606

RESUMO

A novel microbial esterase, EaEST, from a psychrophilic bacterium Exiguobacterium antarcticum B7, was identified and characterized. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing structural analysis and biochemical characterization of an esterase isolated from the genus Exiguobacterium. Crystal structure of EaEST, determined at a resolution of 1.9 Å, showed that the enzyme has a canonical α/ß hydrolase fold with an α-helical cap domain and a catalytic triad consisting of Ser96, Asp220, and His248. Interestingly, the active site of the structure of EaEST is occupied by a peracetate molecule, which is the product of perhydrolysis of acetate. This result suggests that EaEST may have perhydrolase activity. The activity assay showed that EaEST has significant perhydrolase and esterase activity with respect to short-chain p-nitrophenyl esters (≤C8), naphthyl derivatives, phenyl acetate, and glyceryl tributyrate. However, the S96A single mutant had low esterase and perhydrolase activity. Moreover, the L27A mutant showed low levels of protein expression and solubility as well as preference for different substrates. On conducting an enantioselectivity analysis using R- and S-methyl-3-hydroxy-2-methylpropionate, a preference for R-enantiomers was observed. Surprisingly, immobilized EaEST was found to not only retain 200% of its initial activity after incubation for 1 h at 80°C, but also retained more than 60% of its initial activity after 20 cycles of reutilization. This research will serve as basis for future engineering of this esterase for biotechnological and industrial applications.


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Enzimas Imobilizadas/química , Esterases/química , Nitrofenóis/química , Ácido Peracético/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Bacillaceae/enzimologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Biocatálise , Domínio Catalítico , Clonagem Molecular , Cristalografia por Raios X , Estabilidade Enzimática , Enzimas Imobilizadas/genética , Enzimas Imobilizadas/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Esterases/genética , Esterases/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Temperatura Alta , Cinética , Modelos Moleculares , Mutação , Nitrofenóis/metabolismo , Ácido Peracético/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica em alfa-Hélice , Conformação Proteica em Folha beta , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Alinhamento de Sequência , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Estereoisomerismo , Especificidade por Substrato , Termodinâmica
18.
Bauru; s.n; 2017. 159 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Tese em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-883792

RESUMO

Besides of the desired effects, the chemical solutions used to assist the endodontic instruments in the cleanliness and disinfection of the root canal system can also cause changes in the physicochemical properties of dentin, and consequently affect the adhesion of endodontic sealers and microorganisms to the root canal walls. However, the effects of new irrigators and irrigation protocols remain unknown. The objectives of this thesis were to verify the alterations in the properties of some irrigants when used combined in mixtures, to define the time necessary for the smear layer removal by a new irrigant, to determine the organic matter dissolution capacity and the effects in the physicochemical properties of dentin of some irrigation solutions and protocols, and to evaluate the adhesion of microorganisms and AH Plus sealer to dentin after its submission to different irrigation sequences. In all experiments with dentin, the samples used were obtained from bovine teeth. In the analysis performed in this thesis, the following solutions were tested isolated and combined in different irrigation protocols: saline solution (control), sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), trisodium (EDTAHNa3), alkaline ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid tetrasodium (EDTANa4), chlorhexidine (CHX), peracetic acid (PAA), and etidronic acid (HEDP). The EDTAHNa3 and EDTANa4 were tested in relation to their effects on the free chlorine content of NaOCl. The solutions were mixed in a 1:1 ratio and the iodometric titration of the mixtures performed in different time intervals. The time necessary for smear layer removal from dentin samples by solutions of EDTAHNa3 and different concentrations of EDTANa4 isolated and mixed with NaOCl was determined with the aid of the scanning electron microscope (SEM). The capacity of NaOCl to dissolve organic matter was determined by weighting fragments of bovine muscle before and after immersion in solutions of 1%, 2.5%, and 5% of NaOCl in different periods of time. Also, the effects of EDTAHNa3, EDTANa4 and HEDP on the organic matter dissolution by NaOCl were evaluated. The alterations produced by all solutions isolated and some irrigation protocols in the organic and inorganic components of the dentin surface were analysed by the attenuated total reflectance of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) technique. Absorbance spectra were collected from the dentin surface before and after immersion of samples in the irrigants and the ratios of the amide III/phosphate and carbonate/phosphate bands were calculated. To quantify the adhesion of CHX to mineralized dentin and to dentin demineralized by different irrigation protocols, the areas of the band associated with CHX with the peak in 1492 cm−1 were determined in spectra obtained by ATR-FTIR. The effects of different irrigation protocols in the roughness and wettability of dentin surface were measured with a benchtop roughness tester and the sessile drop technique, respectively. For the assays of microorganisms' adhesion, samples were prepared and treated the same way and with the same irrigation protocols used in the roughness and wettability tests. Following, Candida albicans and Enterococcus faecalis were maintained in contact with the dentin for 2 hours and the samples were analyzed on the confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). Tests of push-out were performed to determine the impact of different irrigation protocols on the dentin bonding strength of AH Plus sealer over time. Canals of bovine incisors teeth were instrumented, irrigated and following obturated using only the sealer AH Plus. Half of the samples were submitted to pushout assessment 7 days after the obturation and the other half 20 months later. The results of the experiments showed that the EDTAHNa3 caused an almost complete and immediate loss of free available chlorine from NaOCl, whilst EDTANa4 promoted a slow and concentration-dependent decline. The smear layer was removed only by decalcifying solutions and in about 1 min by the 17% EDTAHNa3 and 5 min by the EDTANa4, both isolated or mixed with NaOCl. The increase in NaOCl concentration and contact time with the samples intensified the dissolution of organic matter. The mixtures of NaOCl with EDTANa4 and HEDP were able to dissolve the fragments of bovine muscle over-time, however, the EDTAHNa3 strongly affected the NaOCl dissolution capacity when they were mixed. The results of ATR-FTIR experiments showed that the increase in the NaOCl concentration intensified the deproteination of the dentin collagen with a reduction in the amide III/phosphate ratio. For the same decalcifying agent, the higher the concentration and immersion time the greater the removal of phosphate, exposure of the collagen matrix and consequently the increases in amide III/phosphate ratio. The PAA caused greater increases in amide III/phosphate ratio, followed by EDTAHNa3, EDTANa4 and HEDP and this order was maintained in the protocols in which NaOCl was used before the decalcifying agents. NaOCl required approximately 0.5 min to deproteinate the collagen matrix exposed after phosphate removal by EDTAHNa3 and PAA. The carbonate/phosphate ratio decreased after 30 s of samples immersion in solutions of NaOCl at 1%, 2.5% and 5% with no more alterations over time. The carbonate of the dentine was removed faster than phosphate by all decalcifying agents employed alone and in the irrigation protocols in which the use of the NaOCl was followed by the use of the EDTAHNa3, PAA and HEDP. For irrigation protocols that associate NaOCl with chelating solutions, the last irrigant used defined the final dentine amide III/phosphate and carbonate/phosphate ratios. For the ATR-FTIR analysis of CHX adhesion, the results showed that the adsorption of this irrigant to the dentin was potentiated when chelating agents were used prior to the CHX. In relation to the experiments of surface roughness, the saline solution, NaOCl, HEDP and CHX did not alter the roughness of the dentin, but EDTAHNa3 and PAA increased it. The wettability of the surface increased after the use of all irrigants, being the HEDP to cause the greater increases. In the assays of microorganisms' adhesion, the smear layer and collagen exposed by the chelating agents favored the adhesion of E. faecalis. The C. albicans adhesion was major in surfaces with smear layer and more mineral. The use of CHX as the final irrigant reduced the adhesion of both microorganisms. The wettability did not influence the microorganisms' adhesion, while increases in roughness seems to potentiate the adherence of E. faecalis. The experiments of bond strength of AH Plus to the dentin showed that the irrigation with NaOCl and mixture of NaOCl + EDTANa4 produced the lowest push-out bond strength values in 7 days compared to NaOCl + EDTAHNa3, NaOCl + EDTAHNa3 + NaOCl, NaOCl + EDTAHNa3 + CHX and the mixture of NaOCl + HEDP. After 20 months the lowest values were obtained in the groups irrigated with NaOCl and NaOCl + EDTAHNa3. The groups of NaOCl + EDTAHNa3 + NaOCl, mixture NaOCl + HEDP, and mixture NaOCl + EDTANa4 presented values of push-out bond strength in 20 months similar to the values in 7 days. It was possible to conclude that the irrigation solutions tested in this study have different effects in the organic and inorganic matter and some of them can affect the action of each other when mixed. Independent of being used isolated or combined in irrigation protocols, these irrigants cause modifications in the dentin physicochemical properties that influence the adhesion of AH Plus sealer in short and long term and the microorganisms' adherence to the surface in cases of recontaminations.(AU)


Além dos efeitos desejados, as soluções químicas utilizadas para auxiliar os instrumentos endodônticos na limpeza e desinfecção do sistema radiculares podem causar alterações nas propriedades físico-químicas da dentina e consequentemente afetar a adesão de cimentos endodônticos e microrganismos às paredes do canal radicular. Contudo, os efeitos de novos irrigantes e protocolos de irrigação ainda são desconhecidos. Os objetivos desta tese foram verificar as alterações nas propriedades de alguns irrigantes quando utilizados combinados em misturas, definir o tempo necessário para a remoção da camada de smear layer por um novo irrigante, determinar a capacidade de dissolução de matéria orgânica e os efeitos de algumas soluções e protocolos de irrigação nas propriedades físico-químicas de dentina e avaliar a adesão de microrganismos e cimento AH Plus à dentina após a submissão desta a diferentes sequências de irrigação. Em todos os experimentos com dentina as amostras utilizadas foram obtidas a partir de dentes bovinos. Nas análise realizadas nesta tese as seguintes soluções foram testadas isoladas e combinadas em diferentes protocolos de irrigação: solução salina (controle), hipoclorito de sódio (NaOCl), ácido etilenodiaminotetraacético trisódico (EDTAHNa3), ácido etilenodiaminotetracético tetrassódico alcalino (EDTANa4), clorexidina (CHX), ácido peracético (PAA) e ácido etidrônico (HEDP). O EDTAHNa3 e o EDTANa4 foram testados em relação aos seus efeitos sobre o teor de cloro livre do NaOCl. As soluções foram misturadas em uma proporção de 1:1 e a titulação iodométrica das misturas realizada em diferentes intervalos de tempo. O tempo necessário para a remoção da smear layer de amostras de dentina pela solução de EDTAHNa3 a 17% e diferentes concentrações de EDTANa4 isoladas e misturadas com NaOCl foi determinado com o auxílio do microscópio eletrônico de varredura (SEM). A capacidade de dissolução de matéria orgânica pelo NaOCl foi determinada pesando fragmentos de músculo bovino antes e depois da imersão em soluções de 1%, 2,5% e 5% de NaOCl em diferentes períodos de tempo. Além disso, os efeitos do EDTAHNa3, EDTANa4 e HEDP na dissolução de matéria orgânica pelo NaOCl foram avaliados. As alterações produzidas por todas as soluções isoladas e alguns protocolos de irrigação nos componentes orgânicos e inorgânicos da superfície da dentina foram analisadas pela técnica de reflexão total atenuada em espectroscopia no infravermelho por transformação de Fourier (ATRFTIR). Espectros de absorbância foram coletados da superfície da dentina antes e após a imersão das amostras nos irrigantes, e foram calculadas as razões das bandas de amida III/fosfato e carbonato/fosfato. Para quantificar a adesão da CHX à dentina mineralizada e à dentina desmineralizada por diferentes protocolos de irrigação, foram determinadas as áreas da banda associada a CHX com pico em 1492 cm−1 em espectros obtidos por ATR-FTIR. Os efeitos de diferentes protocolos de irrigação na rugosidade e molhabilidade da superfície da dentina foram medidos com um rugosímetro de bancada e a técnica de gota séssil, respectivamente. Para os ensaios de adesão de microrganismos, amostras foram preparadas e tratadas da mesma maneira e com os mesmos protocolos de irrigação utilizados nos testes de rugosidade e molhabilidade. Em seguida, Candida albicans e Enterococcus faecalis foram mantidos em contato com a dentina por 2 horas e as amostras foram analisadas no microscópio confocal de varredura laser (CLSM). Testes de push-out foram realizados para determinar o impacto de diferentes protocolos de irrigação na resistência de união à dentina do cimento AH Plus ao longo do tempo. Canais de dentes incisivos de bovinos foram instrumentados, irrigados e em seguida obturados utilizando apenas o cimento AH Plus. Metade das amostras foi submetida a avaliação de push-out 7 dias após a obturação e a outra metade após 20 meses. Os resultados dos experimentos mostraram que o EDTAHNa3 causou uma perda quase completa e imediata do cloro livre do NaOCl, enquanto o EDTANa4 promoveu um declínio lento e concentração dependente. A smear layer foi removida apenas por soluções descalcificantes e em cerca de 1 min pelo EDTAHNa3 a 17% e em 5 min pelo EDTANa4, tanto isolados ou misturados com o NaOCl. O aumento da concentração de NaOCl e do tempo de contato com os fragmentos de músculo bovino intensificou a dissolução da matéria orgânica. As misturas de NaOCl com EDTANa4 e HEDP foram capazes de dissolver as amostras de músculo ao longo do tempo, no entanto, o EDTAHNa3 afetou fortemente a capacidade de dissolução do NaOCl quando eles foram misturados. Os resultados dos experimentos com ATR-FTIR mostraram que o aumento da concentração do NaOCl intensificou a desproteinização do colágeno da dentina com redução da relação amida III/fosfato. Para o mesmo agente de descalcificação, quanto maior a concentração e o tempo de imersão, maior a remoção de fosfato, exposição da matriz de colágeno e consequentemente o aumento da proporção amida III/fosfato. O PAA causou os maiores aumentos na relação amida III/fosfato, seguido de EDTAHNa3, EDTANa4 e HEDP e esta ordem foi mantida nos protocolos em que o NaOCl foi usado antes dos agentes descalcificantes. O NaOCl necessitou aproximadamente 0,5 min para desproteinizar a matriz de colágeno exposta após a remoção de fosfato pelo EDTAHNa3 e o PAA. A relação carbonato/fosfato diminuiu após 30 s de imersão das amostras em soluções de NaOCl a 1%, 2,5% e 5%, sem mais alterações ao longo do tempo. O carbonato da dentina foi removido mais rápido do que o fosfato por todos os agentes descalcificantes empregados sozinhos e nos protocolos de irrigação em que o uso do NaOCl foi seguido pelo uso do EDTAHNa3, PAA e HEDP. Para os protocolos de irrigação que associam o NaOCl com soluções quelantes, o último irrigante utilizado definiu as proporções finais de amida II/fosfato e carbonato/fosfato da dentina. Para as análises da adesão da CHX em ATR-FTIR, os resultados mostraram que a adsorção deste irrigante à dentina foi potencializada quando agentes quelantes foram utilizados antes da CHX. Em relação aos experimentos de rugosidade da superfície, a solução salina, o NaOCl, o HEDP e a CHX não alteraram a rugosidade da dentina, mas o EDTAHNa3 e o PAA a aumentaram. A molhabilidade da superfície aumentou após o uso de todos os irrigantes, sendo que o HEDP causou os maiores aumentos. Nos ensaios de adesão dos microrganismos, a smear layer e o colágeno exposto pelos agentes quelantes favoreceram a adesão de E. faecalis. A adesão da C. albicans foi maior em superfícies com smear layer ou mais mineral. O uso de CHX como irrigante final reduziu a adesão de ambos os microrganismos. A molhabilidade não influenciou a adesão dos microrganismos, enquanto o aumento da rugosidade parece potencializar a adesão do E. faecalis. Os experimentos de resistência de união do AH Plus à dentina mostraram que a irrigação com NaOCl e a mistura de NaOCl + EDTANa4 produziram valores de resistência de união em 7 dias mais baixos em comparação com NaOCl + EDTAHNa3, NaOCl + EDTAHNa3 + NaOCl, NaOCl + EDTAHNa3 + CHX e a mistura de NaOCl + HEDP. Após 20 meses, os valores mais baixos foram obtidos nos grupos irrigados com NaOCl e NaOCl + EDTAHNa3. Os grupos de NaOCl + EDTAHNa3 + NaOCl, mistura de NaOCl + HEDP e mistura de NaOCl + EDTANa4 apresentaram valores de força de união por push-out em 20 meses semelhante aos valores em 7 dias. Foi possível concluir que as soluções de irrigação testadas neste estudo têm diferentes efeitos na matéria orgânica e inorgânica e elas podem afetar as ações umas das outras quando misturadas. Independentemente de serem utilizadas isoladas ou combinadas em protocolos de irrigação, os irrigantes causam modificações nas propriedades físico-químicas dentinárias que influenciam na adesão do cimento AH Plus a curto e longo prazo e na adesão de microrganismos à superfície em casos de recontaminação.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/microbiologia , Resinas Epóxi/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Clorexidina/química , Ácido Edético/química , Ácido Etidrônico/química , Ácido Peracético/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Camada de Esfregaço/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoclorito de Sódio/química , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 64(12): 1713-1719, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27904080

RESUMO

A rapid, sensitive, and specific analytical method for the determination of 1-hydroxyethylidene-1,1-diphosphonic acid (HEDP) on uncooked foods after treatment with a peracetic acid-based sanitizer (PAS) was developed. The method involves simple sample preparation steps and analysis using ion chromatography (IC) coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). The quantification limits of HEDP on uncooked foods are 0.007 mg/kg for vegetables and fruits and 0.2 mg/kg for meats. The recovery and relative standard deviation (RSD) of HEDP analyses of uncooked foods ranged from 73.9 to 103.8% and 1.9 to 12.6%, respectively. The method's accuracy and precision were evaluated by inter-day recovery tests. The recovery for all samples ranged from 93.6 to 101.2%, and the within-laboratory repeatability and reproducibility were evaluated based on RSD values, which were less than 6.9 and 11.5%, respectively. Analyses of PAS-treated fruits and vegetables using the developed method indicated levels of HEDP ranging from 0.008 to 0.351 mg/kg. Therefore, the results of the present study suggest that the proposed method is an accurate, precise, and reliable way to determine residual HEDP levels on PAS-treated uncooked foods.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais/química , Ácido Etidrônico/análise , Ácido Peracético/farmacologia , Alimentos Crus , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/análise , Ácido Etidrônico/química , Ácido Peracético/química , Análise Espectral , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
20.
Cell Tissue Bank ; 17(4): 713-720, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27757728

RESUMO

The objective of the present study was to analyze the clinical and radiological results of periacetabular osteotomies (PAO) using Kirschner wire fixation and an allogeneic cancellous bone graft. This retrospective cohort study included 73 patients (85 PAOs). The allografts were processed from distal femur of cadaveric donors, defatted, sterilized with a peracetic-acid ethanol solution and freeze-dried. The clinical outcome, as measured by the Harris Hip Scores (HHS), the complication rate and the acetabular correction, as measured by radiological parameters, were compared. The postoperative femoral head coverage and HSS were significantly improved. Major complications occurred in five cases (6 %), but in no case did we observe a non-union or a graft-associated adverse effect. Fixation of the acetabular fragment with Kirschner wires in combination with an allogeneic cancellous bone graft is a safe method, with a low complication rate, no loss of correction and can prevent the occurrence of non-union with a high degree of probability.


Assuntos
Acetábulo/cirurgia , Aloenxertos/química , Transplante Ósseo , Desinfetantes/química , Osteotomia , Ácido Peracético/química , Esterilização , Acetábulo/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Transplante Ósseo/métodos , Feminino , Liofilização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteotomia/métodos , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esterilização/métodos , Adulto Jovem
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