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1.
Anim Sci J ; 91(1): e13454, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959464

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of substituting ear corn silage (ECS) for commercial formula feed on milk production and milk fatty acid profiles in grazing dairy farms during the summer season. A field survey was conducted on five grazing dairy farms in every summer month of 2017, 2018, and 2019. Three of the five farms substituted fresh ECS for the commercial formula feed at a ratio of 2:1 from July of each year (ECS farms). Other farms maintained the same feeding management as before (non-ECS farms). An interview survey was conducted on each farm to calculate feed intake and milk yield per cow. Feed and milk samples were collected in each survey. Milk compositions and milk fatty acid profiles were determined. The substitution of ECS for the commercial formula feed did not affect milk yield or milk composition, but ECS farms maintained low levels of milk urea compared with non-ECS farms (p < .01). The ECS substitution also influenced some of the milk fatty acid proportions; C16:0 and C16:1 increased, and trans-11 C18:1, cis-9,trans-11 C18:2, and the sum of polyunsaturated fatty acids decreased, while these fatty acid proportions were maintained in non-ECS farms throughout the summer season (p < .05).


Assuntos
Ração Animal , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal/fisiologia , Bovinos/metabolismo , Bovinos/fisiologia , Indústria de Laticínios , Dieta/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Herbivoria/fisiologia , Lactação/fisiologia , Leite/metabolismo , Silagem , Zea mays , Animais , Feminino
2.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0235357, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760112

RESUMO

We evaluated the between-cow (b-cow) variation and repeatability in omasal and milk fatty acids (FA) related to methane (CH4) emission. The dataset was originated from 9 studies with rumen-cannulated dairy cows conducted using either a switch-back or a Latin square design. Production of CH4 per mole of VFA (Y_CH4VFA) was calculated based on VFA stoichiometry. Experiment, diet within experiment, period within experiment, and cow within experiment were considered as random factors. Empirical models were developed between the variables of interest by univariate and bivariate mixed model regression analysis. The variation associated with diet was higher than the b-cow variation with low repeatability (< 0.25) for milk odd- and branch-chain FA (OBCFA). Similarly, for de novo synthesized milk FA, diet variation was ~ 3-fold greater than the b-cow variation; repeatability for these FA was moderate to high (0.34-0.58). Also, for both cis-9 C18:1 and cis-9 cis-12 cis-15 C18:3 diet variation was more than double the b-cow variation, but repeatability was moderate. Among the de novo milk FA, C4:0 was positively related with stoichiometric Y_CH4VFA, while for OBCFA, anteiso C15:0 and C15:0 were negatively related with it. Notably, when analyzing the relationship between omasal FA and milk FA we observed positive intercept estimates for all the OBCFA, which may indicate endogenous post-ruminal synthesis of these FA, most likely in the mammary gland. For milk iso C13:0, iso C15:0, anteiso C15:0, and C15:0 were positively influenced by omasal proportion of their respective FA and by energy balance. In contrast, the concentration of milk C17:0, iso C18:0, C18:0, cis-11 C18:1, and cis-9 cis-12 cis-15 C18:3 were positively influenced by omasal proportion of their respective FA but negatively related to calculated energy balance. Our findings demonstrate that for most milk FA examined, a larger variation is attributed to diet than b-cow differences with low to moderate repeatability. While some milk FA were positively or negatively related with Y_CH4VFA, there was a pronounced effect of calculated energy balance on these estimates. Additionally, even though OBCFA have been indicated as markers of rumen function, our results suggest that endogenous synthesis of these FA may occur, which therefore, may limit the utilization of milk FA as a proxy for CH4 predictions for cows fed the same diet.


Assuntos
Variação Biológica da População , Efeito Estufa , Lactação/fisiologia , Metano/metabolismo , Leite/química , Ração Animal , Animais , Bovinos , Indústria de Laticínios , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Feminino , Rúmen/metabolismo
3.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237391, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32857786

RESUMO

Microwave heating of foods may alter their content. Yet, parents commonly heat infant formula in the microwave oven. The study aimed at understanding whether microwave heating of formula changes its fatty acid (FA) composition. Portions of infant formula were prepared and divided in three parts: control (sampled twice: at the start and after 30 minutes), microwave (sampled twice: after reaching 37°C and 50°C), and water bath (sampled twice: after reaching 37°C and 50°C). In thus obtained samples, a total profile of 25 FA was assessed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Overall, fourteen portions were prepared, which were sampled 84 times yielding 2075 individual total FA level measurements. Few differences were identified between the microwave, control, and water bath groups. Microwave warming to 37°C was associated with increases of C12 (median increased by +0.40%, p = 0.0063), C14 (+0.05%, p = 0.0091), and C4 content (+6.90%, p = 0.0131). Microwaving up to 50°C slightly decreased C16:1trans (-5.00%, p = 0.0463) and C18:2trans1 (-5.13%, p = 0.0231). A paired comparison of pooled control and microwaved samples revealed increases in C12 (+0.18%, p = 0.0490) as well as a loss of C18:2trans1 (also -5.13%, p = 0.0073) and C18:2trans3 (-5.56%, p = 0.0042) after microwave treatment. C18:2trans1 (-2.63%, p = 0.0132) and C18:3trans1 (-2.26%, p = 0.0434) were lower in microwaved samples compared with the water bath. A slightly lower C18:2 content was found in the water bath samples than in the control groups (-0.11%, p = 0.0430). None of these differences would remain significant after a correction for multiple comparisons. Microwave heating of infant formula to 37°C or 50°C might marginally alter its total FA profile. Further studies are required to determine whether it alters the rate of free radical formation.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos/análise , Temperatura Alta , Fórmulas Infantis/química , Micro-Ondas , Ácidos Graxos/química , Humanos , Lactente
4.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234110, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32530916

RESUMO

Sediments from stratified marine environments often show an enhanced preservation of organic matter (OM) which is attributed to the limitation, or absence, of oxygen in the bottom waters and surface sediments. Yet there is still a limited knowledge about the changes that the associated biomarker signals undergo in the different parts of a stratified environment, and as to which extent the situation in the productive upper parts of the water column is eventually reflected in the sedimentary record. To better understand these processes we studied particulate matter samples from the stratified, partly anoxic Eastern Gotland Basin (EGB, Central Baltic Sea) during a strong cyanobacterial bloom in August 2016. Endmember samples representing the main biomass producers within the phytoplankton (cyanobacteria) and mesozooplankton (copepods) were obtained from different levels of the water column. Major extractable lipids (fatty acids, n-alcohols, sterols, and selected hydrocarbons) were analysed from the same materials and compared to samples cored from the underlying surface sediments (0-12 cm). Given the annually recurring phenomenon of cyanobacterial blooms we anticipated to find a considerable lipid footprint of the major primary producers in the sedimentary record of the EGB. Unexpectedly, however, lipids in the surface sediments largely derived from the storage lipids (mainly wax esters) of the copepod Pseudocalanus spp. which thrived in deeper, more saline and oxygen-depleted waters. Carbon number and unsaturation patterns suggest that the component n-alcohols of these wax esters are transformed into the corresponding n-fatty acids prior to further degradation in the sediment. In the EGB deposits, most of the plankton-derived lipids studied appear to be degraded on a time scale of decades. In terms of relative abundances, long-chain n-alkyl lipids and C29 sterols from terrestrial plant sources instead become predominant in the deeper sediment layers. Likewise, higher stanol/sterol ratios of C27-sterols vs. C29-sterols indicate a more intense biodegradation of planktonic OM as compared to terrestrial OM. Our observations indicate that primary produced particulate OM is heavily modified by mesozooplankton grazing. This overprint adds on the influence of heterotrophic microorganisms and, in the sediment, preferential preservation of terrestrial biomarkers. Taken together, these factors result in a major decoupling of the biomarker signals between the productive upper mixed layer and the oxygen-depleted bottom waters and sediments of the EGB.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/análise , Sedimentos Geológicos/análise , Lipídeos/análise , Zooplâncton/metabolismo , Animais , Países Bálticos , Copépodes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Copépodes/metabolismo , Cianobactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cianobactérias/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Hidrocarbonetos/análise , Esteróis/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Zooplâncton/crescimento & desenvolvimento
5.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0235442, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32598404

RESUMO

In this study, we were challenging to identify characteristic compounds in breast cancer cell lines. GC analysis of extracts from the culture media of breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7, SK-BR-3, and YMB-1) using a solid-phase Porapak Q extraction revealed that two compounds of moderate volatility, 1-hexadecanol and 5-(Z)-dodecenoic acid, were detected with markedly higher amount than those in the medium of fibroblast cell line (KMST-6). Furthermore, LC-TOF/MS analysis of the extracts clarified that in addition to the above two fatty acids, the amounts of five unsaturated fatty acids [decenoic acid (C10:1), decadienoic acid (C10:2), 5-(Z)-dodecenoic acid (C12:1), 5-(Z)-tetradecenoic acid (C14:1), and tetradecadienoic acid (C14:2)] in MCF-7 medium were higher than those in medium of KMST-6. Interestingly, H2O2-oxidation of 5-(Z)-dodecenoic acid and 5-(Z)-tetradecenoic acid produced volatile aldehydes that were reported as specific volatiles in breath from various cancer patients, such as heptanal, octanal, nonanal, decanal, 2-(E)-nonenal, and 2-(E)-octenal. Thus, we concluded that these identified compounds over-produced in breast cancer cells in this study could serve as potential precursors producing reported cancer-specific volatiles.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Feminino , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Oxirredução , Microextração em Fase Sólida , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
6.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0235217, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32574225

RESUMO

In sheep, polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementations in late gestation increases the growth of offspring; however, there is a lack of evidence on the effect of PUFA supplementation during early gestation. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in early gestation pregnant ewes on fatty acid concentration of fetal liver (FL) and fetal central nervous system (FCNS), and relative abundance of the mRNA for genes associated with transport and metabolism of fatty acids in FL and placenta. A total of 12 ewes, block for stage of gestation were fed a diet containing 1.6% (dry matter basis) monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) or EPA+DHA during the first 45 days of gestation. A cesarean section was conducted on day 45 of gestation to collect placenta (caruncle and cotyledon), FL, and FCNS. Relative abundance of mRNA in FL and FCNS and fatty acid concentration were analyzed using a 2x2 factorial arrangement of treatments considering fatty acid supplementation and tissue as the main factors. Concentrations of C18:1 isomers increase (P < 0.05) in FL and FCNS with MUFA supplementation; the FL and FCNS had a greater concentration of C20:3(n-6), C20:3(n-3), C22:1, C22:5 and C22:6 (P < 0.05) with EPA+DHA supplementation. In FL, the relative abundance of LPL mRNA was greater (P = 0.02) as a result of MUFA supplementation. In placenta, there was a FA x tissue interaction for relative abundance of DNMT3b and FFAR-4 mRNA (P < 0.05). Fetus from MUFA-supplemented dams had a greater relative abundance of FABP-4 mRNA (P < 0.05). Results indicate supplementation with EPA+DHA during early gestation increases the total EPA and DHA in FL. For the placenta, EPA+DHA supplementation led to an increase in the relative abundance of lipid mRNA for transport genes.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Central/metabolismo , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/farmacologia , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/análogos & derivados , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Feto/efeitos dos fármacos , Placenta/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Animais , DNA (Citosina-5-)-Metiltransferases/genética , Suplementos Nutricionais , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/farmacologia , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Feminino , Feto/metabolismo , Idade Gestacional , Lipase Lipoproteica/genética , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Placenta/metabolismo , Gravidez , Ovinos
7.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(8): 2197-2205, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32519020

RESUMO

During the course of isolating rare actinobacteria from unexplored habitats, strain CH32T was obtained from an arid soil sample in eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Polyphasic characterization and comprehensive genome analyses showed that the strain is a member of the genus Nonomuraea and it is closely related to Nonomuraea gerenzanensis ATCC 39727T, Nonomuraea polychroma DSM 43925T and Nonomuraea maritima FXJ7.203T with gene identity level of 98.7%, 98.2% and 98.1%, respectively. The whole-cell hydrolysates contain meso-diaminopimelic acid as diagnostic diaminoacid and glucose, ribose, galactose, mannose and madurose as whole cell sugars. The predominant menaquinones are MK-9(H4), MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H2) while MK-9 exists as minor component. The polar lipid profile consists of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, glycolipid, glycophospholipids, phospholipids and unidentified lipids. The major cellular fatty acids are iso-C16:0 and C17:0 10-methyl. The total genome size is about 9.6 Mb and the G + C content is 71.0%. The genome contains biosynthetic gene clusters encoding for terpenes, siderophores, a type III polyketide synthase, a non-ribosomal polypeptide synthetase and a bacteriocin. The genome-based comparisons of the strain with its phylogenetic neighbours, as indicated by digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity analyses, reveal that strain CH32T (= JCM 33876T = KCTC 49368T) is a novel member of the genus Nonomuraea, for which Nonomuraea terrae sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Actinomycetales/classificação , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/classificação , Actinobacteria/genética , Actinomycetales/química , Actinomycetales/genética , Actinomycetales/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , Solo/química , Turquia
8.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(8): 2303-2309, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32556421

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain positive, aerobic, non-motile actinobacterium, designated strain YC537T, was isolated from lake sediment collected from Yenicaga Lake, Bolu, Turkey, and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The organism had phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic, cultural and morphological properties consistent with its classification in the genus Streptomyces. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis of strain YC537T showed that it is closely related to the type strain of Streptomyces ziwulingensis F22T (97.9% sequence similarity), Streptomyces tauricus JCM 4837 T (97.7%) and Streptomyces beijiangensis NBRC 100044 T (97.6%). The cell wall of the strain contained LL-diaminopimelic acid and the cell-wall sugars were glucose, galactose and ribose. The major phospholipids of strain YC537T were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol. The predominant menaquinones were identified as MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8). The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C16:0, iso-C14:0, anteiso-C15:0 and iso-C15:0. Consequently, strain YC537T is considered to represent a novel species in the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces boluensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YC537T (= KCTC 39750 T = DSM 102303 T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Streptomyces/classificação , Ácido Diaminopimélico/análise , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Fosfolipídeos/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Especificidade da Espécie , Streptomyces/química , Streptomyces/genética , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/análise
9.
Food Chem ; 330: 127187, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531636

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the chemical composition and fatty acid profile of broilers fed diets containing glycerol monolaurate (GML) in place of antimicrobials. Groups: T0 group used as control; T100, T200, and T300 groups received diets supplemented with 100, 200, and 300 mg/kg of GML, respectively. The feed mixture used in the poultry feed during the four phases of the production cycle (days 1 to 7; 8 to 21; 22 to 35; and 36 to 42 of birds age) showed similar levels of protein, lipid and ash, as well as fatty acid profiles. Samples of frozen breasts from chickens slaughtered at 42 days of age were used for chemical gross composition and fatty acid analysis. We observed lower lipid levels in the meat of broilers in the T200 and T300 groups than in the T0 group. Lower lipid peroxidation occurred in the meat of animals that consumed GML in respect to control. Total saturated fatty acid percentage was lower, while total polyunsaturated fatty acid percentage was higher in the meat of broilers fed GML than in the control group. We conclude that the increase in GML concentrations alters the lipid profile of broiler meat.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos/química , Lauratos/farmacologia , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Carne/análise , Monoglicerídeos/farmacologia , Ração Animal , Animais , Galinhas , Ácidos Graxos/análise
10.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 112(1): 19-24, 2020 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491166

RESUMO

The proposition that dietary SFAs should be restricted to the maximal extent possible (e.g., to achieve approximately half of current consumption) is based primarily on observational and clinical trial data that are interpreted as indicating a benefit of such limitation on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Further support is believed to derive from the capacity of SFAs to raise LDL cholesterol, and the evidence that LDL-cholesterol lowering reduces CVD incidence. Despite their apparent merit, these arguments are flawed. In fact, although it is possible that dietary intake of SFAs has a causal role in CVD, the evidence to support this contention is inconclusive. Moreover, other considerations argue against a guideline focused primarily on limiting SFA intake, including the heterogeneity of individual SFAs, the likelihood of clinically meaningful interindividual variation in response to SFA reduction, the potential for unintended health consequences of population-wide promotion of severe restriction, and the critical differences in health impacts among individual SFA-containing foods.


Assuntos
Gorduras na Dieta/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Saúde Pública/normas , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , LDL-Colesterol/metabolismo , Gorduras na Dieta/análise , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Humanos , Política Nutricional
11.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 112(1): 25-26, 2020 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491172

RESUMO

There is ongoing debate as to whether public health guidelines should advocate reducing SFA consumption as much as possible to reduce the risk of chronic diseases, especially cardiovascular disease (CVD). In considering both sides of this question, we identified a number of points of agreement, most notably that the overall dietary patterns in which SFAs are consumed are of greater significance for cardiometabolic and general health than SFA intake alone. Nevertheless, there remained significant disagreements, centered largely on the interpretation of evidence bearing on 4 major questions: 1) does reducing dietary SFAs lower the incidence of CVD, 2) is the LDL-cholesterol reduction with lower SFA intake predictive of reduced CVD risk, 3) do dietary SFAs affect factors other than LDL cholesterol that may impact CVD risk, and 4) is there a sufficient rationale for setting a target for maximally reducing dietary SFAs? Finally, we identified specific research needs for addressing knowledge gaps that have contributed to the controversies.


Assuntos
Gorduras na Dieta/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Saúde Pública/normas , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , LDL-Colesterol/metabolismo , Consenso , Gorduras na Dieta/análise , Gorduras na Dieta/normas , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Ácidos Graxos/normas , Humanos , Política Nutricional
12.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 112(1): 13-18, 2020 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491173

RESUMO

Based on decades of research, there is strong evidence that supports ongoing dietary recommendations to decrease intakes of SFAs and, more recently, to replace SFAs with unsaturated fat, including PUFAs and MUFAs. Epidemiologic research has shown that replacement of SFAs with unsaturated fat, but not refined carbohydrate and added sugars, is associated with a reduction in coronary heart disease events and death. There is much evidence from controlled clinical studies demonstrating that SFAs increase LDL cholesterol, a major causal factor in the development of cardiovascular disease. When each (nonprotein) dietary macronutrient isocalorically replaces SFA, the greatest LDL-cholesterol-lowering effect is seen with PUFA, followed by MUFA, and then total carbohydrate. New research on full-fat dairy products high in saturated fat, particularly fermented dairy foods, demonstrates some benefits for cardiometabolic diseases. However, compared with food sources of unsaturated fats, full-fat dairy products increase LDL cholesterol. Thus, current dietary recommendations to decrease SFA and replace it with unsaturated fat should continue to the basis for healthy food-based dietary patterns.


Assuntos
Gorduras na Dieta/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , LDL-Colesterol/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/análise , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/metabolismo , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Saúde Pública/história , Saúde Pública/normas , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recomendações Nutricionais/história
13.
Anim Sci J ; 91(1): e13404, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32519405

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate the influence of sex on the quality of meat from farmed pheasants. Male (roosters, n = 18) and female (hens, n = 18) pheasants were slaughtered at 25 weeks of age. The breast muscles (Pectoralis major) were cut out from chilled carcasses and analyzed to determine the proximate chemical composition, fatty acid profile, and physicochemical and sensory properties of meat. Chemical analyses revealed that the meat of male had higher (p ≤ .05) content of collagen, Na, Cu, and Zn, whereas meat from females had higher (p ≤ .05) concentrations of total nitrogen of water-soluble compounds, nitrogen of water-soluble non-protein compounds, K, and Mn. The meat of male was characterized by greater (p ≤ .05) cooking loss. A sensory evaluation revealed that meat from females had lower (p ≤ .05) taste intensity and aroma desirability. Meat from male and female pheasants revealed differences in the content of minerals as well as low-molecular-weight water-soluble nitrogen compounds, which may affect the flavor of cooked meat. Irrespective of these differences, the analyzed pheasant meat was characterized by high quality, which indicates that it could offer an attractive alternative to other types of meat.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Carne/análise , Codorniz , Caracteres Sexuais , Paladar , Animais , Fenômenos Químicos , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Minerais/análise
14.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(9): 2411-2417, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32591910

RESUMO

A Gram-reaction-negative, facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated SAP-19T, was isolated from sap extracted from Acer pictum in Mt. Halla in Jeju, Republic of Korea and its taxonomic statue was investigated by a polyphasic approach including genome- and 16S rRNA gene-based phylogenetic analyses. Cells were motile, short rods and showed growth at 20-30 °C, pH 4-9 and 0-6% (w/v) NaCl. The whole genome- and 16S rRNA gene-based phylogenetic analyses exhibited that strain SAP-19T belongs to the genus Rahnella and forms a tight cluster with Rahnella aquatilis. The isolate shared average nucleotide identity of 92.7% and 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 99.6% with the type strain of Rahnella aquatilis. The polar lipids contained phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminophospholipid and an unidentified lipid. The major isoprenoid quinone was Q-8. The predominant fatty acids were C16:0 and C17:0cyclo. The G + C content of the genome was 52.3%. The low average nucleotide identity (92.7%) and digital DNA relatedness (48.6%) values between the isolate and the most closely related strain showed that the isolate can be considered a different genospecies. On the basis of combined data obtained in this study, strain SAP-19T (= KACC 21744T = NBRC 114407T) represents a novel species of the genus Rahnella, for which the name Rahnella aceris sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Acer/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rahnella/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Fosfolipídeos/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rahnella/genética , Rahnella/isolamento & purificação , República da Coreia , Especificidade da Espécie
15.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(9): 2429-2436, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32594212

RESUMO

A Gram staining-negative, yellow-colored, rod-shaped, non-motile and aerobic, designated strain 17J27-24T was isolated from a soil sample in Korea. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain 17J27-24T was related to the members of the family Sphingomonadaceae and formed a distinct monophyletic cluster within the genus Sphingomonas with Sphingomonas deserti (98.3% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). Growth was observed at 30 °C (optimum), at pH 7.0 (optimum), and in the absence of NaCl (%). The predominant cellular fatty acids were summed feature 8 (18:1 ω7c and/or 18:1 ω6c) and C17:1 ω6c. The major respiratory quinone was Q10. The polar lipids profile comprised of diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), and sphingoglycolipid (SGL). The DNA G + C content was 77.8 mol%. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridisation (dDDH) values between 17J27-24T and its phylogenetically closest Sphingomonas deserti (KCTC 62411T) were below the established cut-off < 94% (ANI) and < 70% (dDDH) for species delineation. Moreover, the results of the polyphasic approach confirmed that strain 17J27-24T represents a novel species of the genus Sphingomonas within the family Sphingomonadaceae, for which the name Sphingomonas parva sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of this species is 17J27-24T (= KCTC 62208T = JCM 3896T). An emended description of the species Sphingomonas parva is provided.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Sphingomonas/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Quinonas/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Especificidade da Espécie , Sphingomonas/genética
16.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(9): 2367-2371, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32572518

RESUMO

A novel Bacillus strain, designated SYSU G01002T, was isolated from a sediment sample collected from tepid spring in Tengchong, Yunnan province, south-west PR China. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that the strain SYSU G01002T shared the highest sequence identity with the type strain of Bacillus alkalitolerans (97.7%). Strain SYSU G01002T grew at pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0), at 28-55 °C (optimum, 45 °C) and in the presence of 0-2.5% (w/v) NaCl (optimum in the absence of NaCl). It contained meso-2,6-diaminopimelic acid as the cell-wall diamino acid and MK-7 as isoprenoid quinone. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15:0, iso-C17:0 and C16:0. The polar were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, and unidentified phospholipid. The genomic DNA G + C content was 38.0 mol %. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values between SYSU G01002T and closely related members of the genus Bacillus were below the cut-off level recommended for interspecies identity. Based on the above results, strain SYSU G01002T represents a novel species of the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus tepidiphilus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain, SYSU G01002T (= KCTC 43131T = CGMCC 1.17491T).


Assuntos
Bacillus/classificação , Água Doce/microbiologia , Bacillus/química , Bacillus/genética , Bacillus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , Ácido Diaminopimélico/análise , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Especificidade da Espécie
17.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(9): 2373-2378, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32583126

RESUMO

A Gram-positive, endospore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium with a single flagellum, and a motile strain, designated CX253, was isolated from bioaerosols. The isolate is facultatively anaerobic, is able to grow at 25-45 â„ƒ (optimum 37 â„ƒ) and pH 6.5-10.0 (optimum 7.5), and can tolerate up to 5.0% NaCl (w/v) under aerobic conditions. The diagnostic diamino acid in the cell wall of strain CX253T is meso-diaminopimelic acid, while major isoprenoid quinone is menaquinone 6 (MK-6) along with a smaller amount of MK-7 (20%). The polar lipid profile is composed of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phospholipids and glycolipids. The major cellular fatty acid is iso-C15:0 and anteiso-C15:0. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene and genome sequence grouped strain CX253T into the genus Bacillus. The strain was most closely related to Bacillus thermotolerans CCTCC AB 2012108 T by comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequence (97.2% similarity) and to Bacillus wudalianchiensis CCTCC AB 2015266 T by comparison of gyrB gene sequence (80.1% similarity). The draft genome of strain CX253T comprised 3,929,195 bp with a G + C content of 43.3 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain CX253T and phylogenetically related Bacillus species were lower than 95% and 70%, respectively. Thus, the polyphasic evidence generated through phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic methods confirmed that strain CX253T (= GDMCC 1.1608 T = KACC 21318 T) was a novel species of the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus aerolatus sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Aerossóis , Bacillus/classificação , Microbiologia Ambiental , Bacillaceae/genética , Bacillus/genética , Bacillus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , Ácido Diaminopimélico/análise , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Glicolipídeos/análise , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Especificidade da Espécie
18.
J Chromatogr A ; 1621: 461063, 2020 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32360060

RESUMO

A new turn-on fluorescent probe, based on a hydrazine group placed in the meso-position of the BODIPY molecule, was synthesized. It was then used for detecting long-chain fatty aldehydes, which can be harmful to human health, in edible vegetable oils. In acetonitrile, the probe produced strong "turn on" and 100-fold fluorescence enhancement with high sensitivity and rapid response to saturated fatty aldehydes. A highly sensitive detection method for long-chain fatty aldehydes was established using pre-column derivation fluorescence procedure by high-performance liquid chromatography. The chromatographic method established provided satisfactory precision (1.91%-5.93%), good linearity (R2 ≥ 0.999), an acceptable accuracy (83.7%-108%) and a low limit of detection (6.4-12.4 ng/mL). The experimental results indicated that the probe could qualitatively and quantitatively detect six fatty aldehydes in vegetable oils, thus providing the potential for use in routine analysis for identifying the type of vegetable oil and for controlling its quality and safety.


Assuntos
Aldeídos/análise , Compostos de Boro/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Corantes Fluorescentes , Óleos Vegetais/química
19.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(7): 1939-1944, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32451593

RESUMO

One motile strain designated, YIM DR1026T was isolated from the roots of Psammosilene tunicoides collected from Gejiu, Yunnan province, China. The cells of strain YIM DR1026T were Gram-negative and short-rod shaped. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain YIM DR1026T was a member of the genus Aureimonas and closely related to Aureimonas rubiginis (96.7%). DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain YIM 1026T and Aureimonas rubiginis BCRC 80440T was 38.2 ± 1.5%. The ANI value between YIM DR1026T and other Aureimonas members were below the cut-off level (95-96%) recommended as the average nucleotide identity (ANI) criterion for interspecies identity. Strain YIM DR1026T grew at 4-30 °C (optimum 28 °C), pH 4.0-9.0 (optimum pH 6.0-7.0) and tolerated NaCl (w/v) up to 1% (optimum 0%). Q-10 was sole the respiratory ubiquinone present in YIM DR1026T. Polar lipids of strain YIM DR1026T were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol, unidentified aminolipid and unidentified polar lipid. The genomic G + C content was 64.6 mol%. The major fatty acids were C18:1ω7c, C16:0 and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c/C16:1ω6c). Based on phenotypic, phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and genome comparison, strain YIM DR1026T represents a novel species of the genus Aureimonas, for which the name Aureimonas psammosilene sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM DR1026T (= KCTC 42691T = NBRC 112412T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Caryophyllaceae/microbiologia , Filogenia , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/genética , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Fosfolipídeos/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Especificidade da Espécie
20.
Environ Monit Assess ; 192(6): 358, 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32394291

RESUMO

Metal and fatty acid levels of some commercially important fish and crustacean species of economic value in the northeastern Mediterranean (Mersin Bay) were investigated. In addition, to predict possible risks regarding consumer health that may arise from the consumption of these species, risk estimates were calculated for adults and children considering consumption frequencies of one, three and seven times a week. The estimated weekly intake (EWI), target hazard quotient (THQ), lifetime cancer risk (CR) and benefit/risk ratio associated with their consumption were calculated. EWI values were found to be lower than the provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI) values determined by the European Food Safety Authority and FAO/WHO. For most samples examined, THQ was < 1. The benefit/risk ratios for all samples were calculated to be less than threshold. For the fish species examined, CR for consumers was identified to be low, except for heavy consumption cases.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Peixes/metabolismo , Metais Pesados , Adulto , Animais , Criança , Contaminação de Alimentos , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Alimentos Marinhos
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