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1.
Pharm Res ; 37(10): 195, 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32944793

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Design imiquimod-loaded chitosan nanocapsules for transdermal delivery and evaluate the depth of imiquimod transdermal absorption as well as the kinetics of this absorption using Raman Microscopy, an innovative strategy to evaluate transdermal absorption. This nanovehicle included Compritol 888ATO®, a novel excipient for formulating nanosystems whose administration through the skin has not been studied until now. METHODS: Nanocapsules were made by solvent displacement method and their physicochemical properties was measured by DLS and laser-Doppler. For transdermal experiments, newborn pig skin was used. The Raman spectra were obtained using a laser excitation source at 532 nm and a 20/50X oil immersion objective. RESULTS: The designed nanocapsules, presented nanometric size (180 nm), a polydispersity index <0.2 and a zeta potential +17. The controlled release effect of Compritol was observed, with the finding that half of the drug was released at 24 h in comparison with control (p < 0.05). It was verified through Raman microscopy that imiquimod transdermal penetration is dynamic, the nanocapsules take around 50 min to penetrate the stratum corneum and 24 h after transdermal administration, the drug was in the inner layers of the skin. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the utility of Raman Microscopy to evaluate the drugs transdermal penetration of in the different layers of the skin. Graphical Abstract New imiquimod nanocapsules: evaluation of their skin absorption by Raman Microscopy and effect of the compritol 888ATO® in the imiquimod release profile.


Assuntos
Quitosana/farmacocinética , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Ácidos Graxos/farmacocinética , Imiquimode/farmacocinética , Nanocápsulas/administração & dosagem , Pele/metabolismo , Administração Cutânea , Animais , Quitosana/administração & dosagem , Quitosana/química , Ácidos Graxos/administração & dosagem , Ácidos Graxos/química , Imiquimode/administração & dosagem , Imiquimode/química , Nanocápsulas/química , Microscopia Óptica não Linear/métodos , Absorção Cutânea , Suínos
2.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1274: 5-27, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894505

RESUMO

Biophysical properties of membranes are dependent on their glycerophospholipid compositions. Lysophospholipid acyltransferases (LPLATs) selectively incorporate fatty chains into lysophospholipids to affect the fatty acid composition of membrane glycerophospholipids. Lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferases (LPAATs) of the 1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase (AGPAT) family incorporate fatty chains into phosphatidic acid during the de novo glycerophospholipid synthesis in the Kennedy pathway. Other LPLATs of both the AGPAT and the membrane bound O-acyltransferase (MBOAT) families further modify the fatty chain compositions of membrane glycerophospholipids in the remodeling pathway known as the Lands' cycle. The LPLATs functioning in these pathways possess unique characteristics in terms of their biochemical activities, regulation of expressions, and functions in various biological contexts. Essential physiological functions for LPLATs have been revealed in studies using gene-deficient mice, and important roles for several enzymes are also indicated in human diseases where their mutation or dysregulation causes or contributes to the pathological condition. Now several LPLATs are emerging as attractive therapeutic targets, and further understanding of the mechanisms underlying their physiological and pathological roles will aid in the development of novel therapies to treat several diseases that involve altered glycerophospholipid metabolism.


Assuntos
1-Acilglicerofosfocolina O-Aciltransferase/antagonistas & inibidores , Aciltransferases/antagonistas & inibidores , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos , Glicerofosfolipídeos/biossíntese , Glicerofosfolipídeos/química , 1-Acilglicerofosfocolina O-Aciltransferase/metabolismo , Aciltransferases/metabolismo , Animais , Membrana Celular/química , Membrana Celular/enzimologia , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Humanos
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4774-4781, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32744986

RESUMO

Three strains of a Gram-stain-positive, catalase-negative, facultative anaerobic, and coccoid species were isolated from German bulk tank milk. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the three strains (WS4937T, WS4759 and WS5303) constitute an independent phylogenetic lineage within the family Aerococcaceae with Facklamia hominis CCUG 36813T (93.7-94.1 %) and Eremococcus coleocola M1831/95/2T (93.5 %) as most closely related type species. The unclassified strains demonstrated variable growth with 6.5 % (w/v) NaCl and tolerated pH 6.5-9.5. Growth was observed from 12 to 39 °C. Their cell-wall peptidoglycan belongs to the A1α type (l-Lys-direct) consisting of alanine, glutamic acid and lysine. The predominant fatty acids were C16 : 1 ω9c, C16 : 0 and C18 : 1 ω9c and in the polar lipids profile three glycolipids, a phospholipid, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphoglycolipid and diphosphatidylglycerol were found. The G+C content of strain WS4937T was 37.4 mol% with a genome size of ~3.0 Mb. Based on phylogenetic, phylogenomic and biochemical characterizations, the isolates can be demarcated from all other genera of the family Aerococcaceae and, therefore, the novel genus Fundicoccus gen. nov. is proposed. The type species of the novel genus is Fundicoccus ignavus gen. nov., sp. nov. WS4937T (=DSM 109652T=LMG 31441T).


Assuntos
Aerococcaceae/classificação , Leite/microbiologia , Filogenia , Aerococcaceae/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
4.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237391, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32857786

RESUMO

Microwave heating of foods may alter their content. Yet, parents commonly heat infant formula in the microwave oven. The study aimed at understanding whether microwave heating of formula changes its fatty acid (FA) composition. Portions of infant formula were prepared and divided in three parts: control (sampled twice: at the start and after 30 minutes), microwave (sampled twice: after reaching 37°C and 50°C), and water bath (sampled twice: after reaching 37°C and 50°C). In thus obtained samples, a total profile of 25 FA was assessed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Overall, fourteen portions were prepared, which were sampled 84 times yielding 2075 individual total FA level measurements. Few differences were identified between the microwave, control, and water bath groups. Microwave warming to 37°C was associated with increases of C12 (median increased by +0.40%, p = 0.0063), C14 (+0.05%, p = 0.0091), and C4 content (+6.90%, p = 0.0131). Microwaving up to 50°C slightly decreased C16:1trans (-5.00%, p = 0.0463) and C18:2trans1 (-5.13%, p = 0.0231). A paired comparison of pooled control and microwaved samples revealed increases in C12 (+0.18%, p = 0.0490) as well as a loss of C18:2trans1 (also -5.13%, p = 0.0073) and C18:2trans3 (-5.56%, p = 0.0042) after microwave treatment. C18:2trans1 (-2.63%, p = 0.0132) and C18:3trans1 (-2.26%, p = 0.0434) were lower in microwaved samples compared with the water bath. A slightly lower C18:2 content was found in the water bath samples than in the control groups (-0.11%, p = 0.0430). None of these differences would remain significant after a correction for multiple comparisons. Microwave heating of infant formula to 37°C or 50°C might marginally alter its total FA profile. Further studies are required to determine whether it alters the rate of free radical formation.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos/análise , Temperatura Alta , Fórmulas Infantis/química , Micro-Ondas , Ácidos Graxos/química , Humanos , Lactente
5.
J Chromatogr A ; 1627: 461380, 2020 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32823093

RESUMO

Microwave-ultrasonic assisted aqueous enzymatic extraction (MUAAEE) was applied to extract tiger nut oil (TNO). The conditions of MUAAEE were optimized by Plackett-Burman design followed Box-Behnken design. An oil recovery of 85.23% was achieved under optimum conditions of a 2% concentration of mixed enzyme including cellulase, pectinase and hemicellulase (1/1/1, w/w/w), particle size <600 µm, microwave power 300 W, ultrasonic power 460 W, radiation temperature 40 °C, time 30 min, enzymolysis temperature 45 °C, pH 4.9, liquid-to-solid ratio 10 mL/g and time 180 min. Oil by MUAAEE revealed the similar fatty acid compositions, triglyceride compositions, thermal behaviour and flavour compared with oil by Soxhlet extraction (SE), while the oil quality of MUAAEE is superior to that of SE. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that structural disruption of tiger nut caused by MUAAEE facilitated the oil extraction. Results suggest that MUAAEE could be an efficient and environment-friendly method for extraction of TNO.


Assuntos
Cyperus/química , Enzimas/metabolismo , Micro-Ondas , Nozes/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Ultrassom , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Celulase/metabolismo , Análise Discriminante , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Poligalacturonase/metabolismo , Análise de Componente Principal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Temperatura , Triglicerídeos/análise , Água/química
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4576-4582, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735207

RESUMO

A strain of an obligately anaerobic, Gram-stain-negative rod-shaped bacterium is described by phenotypical, biochemical and genotypical characterization. This strain A2879T was isolated from an abscess swab of a patient sampled during routine care at hospital. Phylogenetic analyses (full-length 16S rRNA gene and whole-genome sequence) revealed the strain to belong to the genus Prevotella, but to be distant from recognized species, with the closest relationship to Prevotella veroralis. Unambiguous identification also proved possible by MALDI-TOF MS. The genomic DNA G+C content was 41.5 mol%. Strain A2879T was moderately saccharolytic and proteolytic. The most abundant cellular long-chain fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C15 : 0. In view of these data, strain A2879T is considered to represent a novel species within the genus Prevotella, for which the name Prevotella vespertina sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is A2879T (=DSM 108027T=CCOS 1233T=CCUG72808T). As this strain has been isolated from a clinical sample, it is considered relevant for human medicine and health in general, and in particular for the fields of clinical microbiology and infectious diseases. This description will enable routine and research laboratories alike to easily identify the novel taxon, allowing its role in the context of human health and disease or microbiota to be further elucidated.


Assuntos
Abscesso/microbiologia , Filogenia , Prevotella/classificação , Adulto , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Prevotella/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4637-4645, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32672529

RESUMO

Six Staphylococcus strains were isolated from healthy black bears (Ursus americanus) in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee, USA. Phylogenetic analysis based on complete genome, 16S rRNA, dnaJ, hsp60, rpoB and sodA genes, and MALDI-TOF-MS main spectral profiles revealed that the strains belonged to one species and showed the closest relatedness to members of the 'Staphylococcus intermedius group' (SIG), which include Staphylococcus intermedius, Staphylococcus pseudintermedius, Staphylococcus delphini and Staphyloccoccus cornubiensis. The strains were positive in SIG-specific and negative in individual species-specific PCR assays for the nuc gene. The strains can be differentiated from the other SIG species by the absence of sucrose fermentation, from S. intermedius DSM 20373T, S. pseudintermedius CCUG 49543T and S. cornubiensis DSM 105366T by the absence of methyl ß-d-glucopyranoside fermentation and from S. delphini DSM 20771T by fermentation of trehalose. DNA relatedness of the type strain MI 10-1553T with the type strains of S. delphini, S. pseudintermedius, S. intermedius and S. cornubiensis was ≤48.2 % by digital DNA-DNA hybridization and ≤92.3 % by average nucleotide identity calculations. Iso-C15:0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0 were the most common fatty acids. Polar lipids consisted of phosphadidylglycerols, phospholipids, glycolipid, diphosphatidylglycerol and aminophospholipid. Cell-wall peptidoglycan was of type A3α l-Lys-Gly3 (Ser; similar to A11.2 and A11.3). The respiratory quinone belonged to menaquinone 7 (MK-7). The G+C content of MI 10-1553T was 39.3 mol%. The isolated strains represent a novel species of the genus Staphylococcus, for which we propose the name Staphylococcus ursi sp. nov. The type strain is MI 10-1553T (=ATCC TSD-55T=CCOS 1900T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Staphylococcus/classificação , Ursidae/microbiologia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Staphylococcus/isolamento & purificação , Staphylococcus intermedius/genética , Tennessee , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4683-4690, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692642

RESUMO

Four novel strains (592T, S592, MF47T and SMF47) were isolated from Tibetan antelopes (Pantholops hodgsonii) and plateau pikas (Ochotona curzoniae), respectively. The cells were aerobic, non-motile, Gram-stain- and catalase-positive, rod-shaped bacteria. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of the four strains showed highest similarities to Aeromicrobium fastidiosum DSM 10552T (98.1, 98.6, 98.7 and 98.7 %, respectively), and the phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene and genomic sequences indicated that strains 592T and MF47T represent two novel species. The four isolates produced acid from l-rhamnose, d-xylose and cellobiose, but were unable to reduce nitrate. The DNA G+C contents of strains 592T and MF47T were 70.3 and 69.8 mol%, respectively. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization value between strains 592T and MF47T was 32.6 %, lower than the threshold of 70 %, indicating they belong to different species. The four strains' genomes displayed less than 24.6 % DNA-DNA relatedness with all available genomes of the genus Aeromicrobium in the NCBI database, including Aeromicrobium fastidiosum NBRC 14897T and Aeromicrobium ginsengisoli JCM 14732T. The major fatty acids of the four strains were C18 : 1 ω9c and C18 : 0 10-methyl, and the main polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol. The predominant respiratory quinones were MK-9(H4) and MK-8(H4). The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained ll-diaminopimelic acid. Based on these genotypic, phenotypic and biochemical analyses, it is proposed that the four unidentified bacteria be classified as two novel species, Aeromicrobium chenweiae sp. nov. and Aeromicrobium yanjiei sp. nov. The type strains are 592T (=CGMCC1.16526T=DSM 106289T) and MF47T (=CGMCC 1.17444T=JCM 33790T), respectively.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Antílopes/microbiologia , Lagomorpha/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fezes/microbiologia , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tibet , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4748-4759, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32697184

RESUMO

Anaerobic, fermentative, halotolerant bacteria, strains 4-11T and 585, were isolated from production water of two low-temperature petroleum reservoirs (Russia) and were characterized by using a polyphasic approach. Cells of the strains were spherical, non-motile and 0.30-2.5 µm in diameter. Strain 4-11T grew optimally at 35 °C, pH 6.0 and 1.0-2.0% (w/v) NaCl. Both strains grew chemoorganotrophically with mono-, di- and trisaccharides. The major cellular fatty acids of both strains were C14:0, C16:0, C16:1 ω9 and C18:0 3-OH. Major polar lipids were glycolipids and phospholipids. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of the strains 4-11T and 585 had 99.9% similarity and were most closely related to the sequence of Sphaerochaeta associata GLS2T (96.9, and 97.0% similarity, respectively). The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strains 4-11T and 585 were 46.8 and 46.9%, respectively. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between the genomes of strain 4-11T and S. associata GLS2T were 73.0 and 16.9%, respectively. Results of phylogenomic metrics analysis of the genomes and 120 core proteins of strains 4-11T and 585 and their physiological and biochemical characteristics confirmed that the strains represented a novel species of the genus Sphaerochaeta, for which the name Sphaerochaeta halotolerans sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain 4-11T (=VKM B-3269T=KCTC 15833T). Based on the results of phylogenetic analysis, Sphaerochaeta coccoides was reclassified as member of a new genus Parasphaerochaeta gen. nov., Parasphaerochaeta coccoides comb. nov. The genera Sphaerochaeta and Parasphaerochaeta form a separate clade, for which a novel family, Sphaerochaetaceae fam. nov., is proposed.


Assuntos
Campos de Petróleo e Gás/microbiologia , Filogenia , Spirochaetaceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Federação Russa , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Spirochaetaceae/isolamento & purificação
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4767-4773, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32697186

RESUMO

A strictly anaerobic predominant bacterium, designated as strain gm001T, was isolated from a freshly voided faecal sample collected from a healthy Taiwanese adult. Cells were Gram-stain-negative rods, non-motile and non-spore-forming. Strain gm001T was identified as a member of the genus Prevotella, and a comparison of 16S rRNA and hsp60 gene sequences revealed sequence similarities of 98.5 and 93.3 %, respectively, demonstrating that it was most closely related to the type strain of Prevotella copri. Phylogenomic tree analysis indicated that the gm001T cluster is an independent lineage of P. copri DSM 18205T. The average nucleotide identity, digital DNA‒DNA hybridization and average amino acid identity values between strain gm001T and P. copri DSM 18205T were 80.9, 28.6 and 83.8 %, respectively, which were clearly lower than the species delineation thresholds. The species-specific genes of this novel species were also identified on the basis of pan-genomic analysis. The predominant menaquinones were MK-11 and MK-12, and the predominant fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, C15 : 0 and iso-C15 : 0. Acetate and succinate were produced from glucose as metabolic end products. Taken together, the results indicate that strain gm001T represents a novel species of the genus Prevotella, for which the name Prevotella hominis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is gm001T (=BCRC 81118T=JCM 33280T).


Assuntos
Fezes/microbiologia , Filogenia , Prevotella/classificação , Adulto , Bactérias Anaeróbias/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Humanos , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Prevotella/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Especificidade da Espécie , Taiwan , Vitamina K 2/química
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4698-4703, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701426

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, facultatively anaerobic and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated PAMC 28131T, was isolated from a sea surface microlayer sample in the open water of the Pacific Ocean. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain PAMC 28131T revealed an affiliation to the genus Sandaracinobacter with the closest species Sandaracinobacter sibiricus RB16-17T (sequence similarity of 98.2 %). Strain PAMC 28131T was able to grow optimally with 0.5-1.0 % NaCl and at pH 6.5-7.0 and 30 °C. The polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified phospholipids, an unidentified aminolipid, an unidentified glycolipid and an unidentified lipid. The major cellular fatty acids (>10 %) were C18 : 1 ω6c and/or C18 : 1 ω7c, (42.6 %), C17 : 1 ω6c (19.3 %) and C16 : 1 ω6c and/or C16 : 1 ω7c (15.8 %), and the respiratory quinone was Q-10. The genomic DNA G+C content was 65.3 mol%. The phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic data showed that strain PAMC 28131T could be clearly distinguished from S. sibiricus RB16-17T. Thus, strain PAMC 28131T should be classified as representing a novel species in the genus Sandaracinobacter, for which the name Sandaracinobacter neustonicus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is PAMC 28131T (=KCCM 43127T=JCM 30734T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Sphingomonadaceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sphingomonadaceae/isolamento & purificação
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4831-4837, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701427

RESUMO

Two bacterial strains, designated B2N2-7T and B2N2-12, were isolated from Buteha crater lake in the Greater Khingan Mountain of China. The two strains were Gram-stain-negative, non-spore-forming, motile with a single polar flagellum, short rod-shaped bacteria. They were catalase- and oxidase-positive. Optimal growth occurred at 20-25 ℃, at pH 7.5-8.0 and with 0-1.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Based on phylogenomic analysis, strains B2N2-7T and B2N2-12 were assigned to the family Neisseriaceae, and their 16S rRNA gene sequences showed the highest similarities to that of Aquitalea denitrificans 5YN1-3T (<94.2 %). The predominant cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0 and summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c). The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone 8 (Q-8). The polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol (PG), diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), two unidentified aminophospholipids (APL) and some unidentified lipids (L). The genomic DNA G+C content of strain B2N2-7T was 59.4 mol% according to the genomic sequencing result. Based on the phylogenetic, genotypic and chemotaxonomic analyses, the two strains are proposed to represent a novel species of a new genus in the family Neisseriaceae, named Craterilacuibacter sinensis gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain of Craterilacuibacter sinensis is B2N2-7T (=CGMCC 1.17189T=KCTC 73735T); B2N2-12 (=CGMCC 1.17190=KCTC 72734) is a second strain of the species.


Assuntos
Betaproteobacteria/classificação , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Betaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4782-4790, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701429

RESUMO

The filamentous actinomycete that produces the antibiotic GE23077 was isolated by the Lepetit Research Group from a soil sample collected in Thailand, and it was classified as a member of the genus Actinomadura on the basis of its morphology and cell-wall composition. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that this strain formed a distinct monophyletic line within the genus Actinomadura, and it was most closely related to Actinomadura bangladeshensis DSM 45347T (99.31 % similarity) and Actinomadura mexicana DSM 44485T (98.94 %). The GE23077-producing strain formed an extensively branched, non-fragmented vegetative mycelium; no pseudosporangia were formed and the arthrospores were organized in slightly twisted chains. The cell wall contained meso-2,6-diaminopimelic acid and the diagnostic sugar was madurose. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H6), with minor amounts of MK-9(H8) and MK-9(H4). The diagnostic phospholipids were phosphatidylinositol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The major cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0 and tuberculostearic acid (10-methyloctadecanoic acid), followed by minor amounts of C18:1ω9c, C16:1ω7c and 10-methylheptadecanoic acid. The genomic DNA G+C content was 71.77 mol%. Significant differences in the morphological, chemotaxonomic and biochemical data, and the low DNA-DNA relatedness between the GE23077-producing strain and closely related type strains clearly demonstrate that it represents a novel species of the genus Actinomadura, for which the name Actinomadura lepetitiana sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NRRL B-65521T(=LMG 31258T=DSM 109019T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tailândia , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4822-4830, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32706332

RESUMO

Five Gram-stain-negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive, rod-shaped and motile strains (FT50WT, FT80WT, FT92WT, FT94W and FT135WT) were isolated from a subtropical stream in PR China. Comparisons based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strains FT50WT, FT94W and FT135WT take strain Duganella sacchari Sac-22T, and strains FT80WT and FT92WT take strain Duganella ginsengisoli DCY83T as their closest neighbour in the phylogenetic trees, respectively. The G+C contents of strains FT50WT, FT80WT, FT92WT, FT94W and FT135WT were 63.3, 62.4, 62.8, 63.8 and 60.8 %, respectively. The reconstructed phylogenomic tree based on concatenated 92 core genes showed that strains FT50WT, FT80WT, FT94W and FT135WT clustered together with species of the genus Duganella, but strains FT92WT and D. ginsengisoli KCTC 42409T were located in the clades of the genus Massilia. The calculated pairwise average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values among strains FT50WT, FT80WT, FT92WT, FT94W, FT135WT and related strains were in the ranges of 75.6-87.8% and 20.3-33.8% except that the values between strains FT50WT and FT94W were 98.7 and 89.2%, respectively. The respiratory quinone of these five strains was Q-8. The major fatty acids were C16 : 1 ω7c, C16 : 0, C18 : 1 ω7c and C12 : 0. The polar lipids included phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and one unidentified phospholipid. Considering the distinct phylogenetic relationships of D. ginsengisoli with species of the genus Massilia in the phylogenomic tree, it was reasonable to transfer D. ginsengisoli to the genus Massilia as Massilia ginsengisoli comb. nov. Combining the results of phylogenomic analysis, ANI and dDDH data, and a range of physiological and biochemical characteristics together, strains FT50WT and FT94W should belong to the same species and be assigned to genus Duganella with strains FT80WT and FT135WT together, and strain FT92WT should be assigned to the genus Massilia, for which the names Duganella lactea sp. nov. (type strain FT50WT=GDMCC 1.1674T=KACC 21466T), Duganella guangzhouensis sp. nov. (FT80WT=GDMCC 1.1678T=KACC 21470T), Duganella flavida sp. nov. (FT135WT=GDMCC 1.1745T=KACC 21659T) and Massilia rivuli sp. nov. (FT92WT=GDMCC 1.1682T=KACC 21474T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Oxalobacteraceae/classificação , Filogenia , Rios/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oxalobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4739-4747, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730198

RESUMO

A novel, obligately anaerobic bacterium (strain SURF-ANA1T) was isolated from deep continental subsurface fluids at a depth of 1500 m below surface in the former Homestake Gold Mine (now Sanford Underground Research Facility, in Lead, South Dakota, USA). Cells of strain SURF-ANA1T were Gram-negative, helical, non-spore-forming and were 0.25-0.55×5.0-75.0 µm with a wavelength of 0.5-0.62 µm. Strain SURF-ANA1T grew at 15-50 °C (optimally at 40 °C), at pH 4.8-9.0 (pH 7.2) and in 1.0-40.0 g l-1 NaCl (10 g l-1 NaCl). The strain grew chemoheterotrophically with hydrogen or mono-, di- and polysaccharides as electron donors. The major cellular fatty acids in order of decreasing abundance (comprising >5% of total) were 10-methyl C16:0, iso-C15:0, C18:2 and C18:0 dimethyl acetal (DMA) and C20:0 methylene-nonadecanoic acid. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain SURF-ANA1T indicated a closest relationship with the recently characterized Rectinema cohabitans (99%). Despite high sequence identity, because of its distinct physiology, morphology and fatty acid profile, strain SURF-ANA1T is considered to represent a novel species within the genus Rectinema, for which the name Rectinema subterraneum sp. nov. is proposed. To our knowledge, this is the first report of an isolate within the phylum Spirochaetes from the deep (>100 m) terrestrial subsurface. The GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession numbers for the 16S rRNA gene and genomic sequences of strain SURF-ANA1T are KU359248 and GCF 009768935.1, respectively. The type strain of Rectinema subterraneum is SURF-ANA1T (=ATCC TSD-67=JCM 32656).


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea/microbiologia , Filogenia , Spirochaetaceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , South Dakota , Spirochaetaceae/isolamento & purificação
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4130-4138, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614761

RESUMO

Strain B66T was isolated from a marine water sample collected at Al Ruwais, located on the northern tip of Qatar. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic and short- rod-shaped with a polar flagellum. The isolate was able to grow at 15-45 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 5-11 (optimum, pH 6.5-8) and with 0-6 % NaCl. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain B66T was affiliated with the family Alteromonadaceae, sharing the highest sequence similarities to the genera Alteromonas (93.7-95.4 %), Aestuariibacter (94.0-95.1 %), Agaribacter (93.3-93.7 %), Glaciecola (92.0-93.7 %), Marisendiminitalea (93.2-93.3 %) and Planctobacterium (92.9 %). In the phylogenetic trees, strain B66T demonstrated the novel organism formed a distinct lineage closely associated with Aestuariibacter and Planctobacterium. Major fatty acids were C16 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c/iso-C15 : 0 2-OH and iso-C15 : 0 3-OH. The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-8 and the major polar lipids are phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. The DNA G+C content derived from the genome was 43.2 mol%. Based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, phylogenetic and genomic data, strain B66T is considered to represent a novel species and genus for which the name Ningiella ruwaisensis gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is B66T (=QCC B003/17T=LMG 30288 T=CCUG 70703T).


Assuntos
Alteromonadaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonadaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Catar , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4358-4363, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618556

RESUMO

A novel Gram-positive, aerobic and motile endophytic actinomycete, designated TRM 65233T, was isolated from the root of Peganum harmala L. collected from Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China. The isolate had white aerial mycelium and brown substrate mycelium on Gause's synthetic agar. Growth occurred at 10-40 °C, pH 6-9 with NaCl concentration of 0-6 % (w/v). Strain TRM 65233T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. The whole-cell hydrolysates included glucose and galactose as the major whole-cell sugars. The menaquinones were MK-9 (H4) and MK-7. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The polar lipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phospholipids, phosphatidylinositol and one unidentified lipid. Strain TRM 65233T showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Actinokineospora cianjurensis BTCC B-558T (98.13 %), Actinokineospora auranticolor IFO 16518T (98.06 %), Actinokineospora spheciospongiae EG49T (97.99 %), Actinokineospora baliensis ID03-0561T (97.97 %), Actinokineospora mzabensis PAL84T (97.95 %) and Actinokineospora bangkokensis 44EHWT (97.06 %). The isolate was distinguished from these phylogenetically related strains by digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity analyses and by a range of physiological and biochemical characteristics. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 72.6 mol%. On the basis of polyphasic taxonomic data, strain TRM 65233T represents a novel species of the genus Actinokineospora, for which the name Actinokineospora pegani sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TRM 65233T (KCTC 49342=CCTCC AA 2019050).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Peganum/microbiologia , Filogenia , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4280-4284, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618558

RESUMO

A taxonomic study was carried out on strain PA15-N-34T, which was isolated from deep-sea sediment of Pacific Ocean. The bacterium was Gram-stain-positive, oxidase- and catalase-positive and rod-shaped. Growth was observed at salinity of 0-15.0% NaCl and at temperatures of 10-45 °C. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain PA15-N-34T belonged to the genus Alcanivorax, with the highest sequence similarity to Alcanivorax profundi MTEO17T (97.7 %), followed by Alcanivorax nanhaiticus 19 m-6T (97.3 %) and 12 other species of the genus Alcanivorax (93.4 %-97.0 %). The average nucleotide identity and DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain PA15-N-34T and type strains of the genus Alcanivorax were 71.46-81.78% and 18.7-25.2 %, respectively. The principal fatty acids (>10 %) were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c; 31.2 %), C16 : 0 (25.0 %) and summed feature 3 (14.6 %). The DNA G+C content was 57.15 mol%. The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, four unidentified aminolipids and three unidentified lipids. The novel strain can be differentiated from its closest type strain by a negative test for urease and the presence of diphosphatidylglycerol and aminolipid. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data show that strain PA15-N-34T represents a novel species within the genus Alcanivorax, for which the name Alcanivorax sediminis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain PA15-N-34T (=MCCC 1A14738T=KCTC 72163T).


Assuntos
Alcanivoraceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alcanivoraceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Salinidade , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Temperatura
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4091-4097, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32628103

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive anaerobic rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain Marseille-P3275T, was isolated using culturomics from the vaginal discharge of healthy French woman. Marseille-P3275T was non-motile and did not form spores. Cells had neither catalase nor oxidase activity. The major fatty acids were C16 : 0 (29 %), C18:1ω9 (18 %), and iso-C15 : 0 (17 %). The genomic DNA G+C content was 50.64 mol%. The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that Marseille-P3275T was related to members of the family Propionibacteriaceae (between 90.32-92.92 % sequence similarity) with formation of a clade with the monospecific genus Propionimicrobium (type species Propionimicrobium lymphophilum). On the basis of these phylogenetic and phenotypic differences, Marseille-P3275T was classified in a novel genus, Vaginimicrobium, as Vaginimicrobium propionicum gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain is Marseille-P3275T (=CSUR P3275T=CECT 9677T).


Assuntos
Bactérias Anaeróbias/classificação , Filogenia , Propionibacteriaceae/classificação , Descarga Vaginal/microbiologia , Bactérias Anaeróbias/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Feminino , França , Humanos , Propionatos , Propionibacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4691-4697, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32697185

RESUMO

Strain MEBiC09520T, which was isolated from a tidal sediment in Incheon, Korea, is a pale yellow, rod-shaped bacterium, cells of which are 0.4-0.5 µm in width and 1.5-2 µm in length. Strain MEBiC09520T shared 95.17 and 92.57% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Emcibacter nanhaiensis and E. congregatus, respectively. It grew optimally at pH 6.0, at 55 °C and with 2.5-3.5% (w/v) NaCl. Its polar lipid components included phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), an unidentified phospholipid (PL), three unidentified aminolipids (ALs) and two unidentified lipids (L). The fatty acids C16:0, C19:0 cyclo ω8c, C14:0 2-OH and summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c and/or C18:1ω6c) were predominantly present in its cell wall. Strain MEBiC09520T was thermophilic, while E. nanhaiensis and E. congregatus were mesophilic. Although E. nanhaiensis showed no nitrate reduction activity, MEBiC09520T and E. congregatus showed a positive reaction. These strains differed in carbohydrate utilization. In particular, E. congregatus was able to thrive on various carbohydrate substrates as compared to the other strains. The average nucleotide identity value was 69.92% between strain MEBiC09520T and E. congregatus ZYLT, 70.38% between E. congregatus ZYLT and E. nanhaiensis HTCJW17T, and 72.83% between strain MEBiC09520 and E. nanhaiensis HTCJW17T. Considering these differences, strain MEBiC09520T (=KCCM 43320T=MCCC 1K03920T) is suggested to represent and novel species of a new genus, Luteithermobacter gelatinilyticus gen. nov., sp. nov., and E. congregatus should be reclassified as Paremcibacter congregatus gen. nov., comb. nov.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
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