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1.
Microb Cell Fact ; 18(1): 163, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581944

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sustainable production of microbial fatty acids derivatives has the potential to replace petroleum based equivalents in the chemical, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industry. Most fatty acid sources for production oleochemicals are currently plant derived. However, utilization of these crops are associated with land use change and food competition. Microbial oils could be an alternative source of fatty acids, which circumvents the issue with agricultural competition. RESULTS: In this study, we generated a chimeric microbial production system that features aspects of both prokaryotic and eukaryotic fatty acid biosynthetic pathways targeted towards the generation of long chain fatty acids. We redirected the type-II fatty acid biosynthetic pathway of Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) strain by incorporating two homologues of the beta-ketoacyl-[acyl carrier protein] synthase I and II from the chloroplastic fatty acid biosynthetic pathway of Arabidopsis thaliana. The microbial clones harboring the heterologous pathway yielded 292 mg/g and 220 mg/g DCW for KAS I and KAS II harboring plasmids respectively. Surprisingly, beta-ketoacyl synthases KASI/II isolated from A. thaliana showed compatibility with the FAB pathway in E. coli. CONCLUSION: The efficiency of the heterologous plant enzymes supersedes the overexpression of the native enzyme in the E. coli production system, which leads to cell death in fabF overexpression and fabB deletion mutants. The utilization of our plasmid based system would allow generation of plant like fatty acids in E. coli and their subsequent chemical or enzymatic conversion to high end oleochemical products.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Ácido Graxo Sintases/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/biossíntese , Engenharia Metabólica , 3-Oxoacil-(Proteína de Transporte de Acila) Sintase/síntese química , 3-Oxoacil-(Proteína de Transporte de Acila) Sintase/genética , 3-Oxoacil-(Proteína de Transporte de Acila) Sintase/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/enzimologia , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/síntese química , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Vias Biossintéticas , Escherichia coli/enzimologia , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Ácido Graxo Sintases/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Isoenzimas/síntese química , Isoenzimas/genética , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Plasmídeos/genética , Plasmídeos/metabolismo
2.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1159: 49-63, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502199

RESUMO

The majority of enzymes in the sphingolipid (SL) biosynthetic pathway have been identified over the past couple of decades. Despite significant work, and despite their crucial and central roles in SL synthesis, significant information is still lacking concerning the enzymes that catalyze the N-acylation of sphingoid long chain bases, namely the ceramide synthases (CerS), a family of six mammalian genes originally named longevity assurance (Lass) genes. Each of these six endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane-bound enzymes utilizes a relatively restricted sub-set of fatty acyl-CoAs for N-acylation, but are far more promiscuous about the use of long chain bases. The reason that mammals and other species have multiple CerS, generating a specific subset of ceramides, is not yet known, but implies an important role for ceramides containing specific fatty acids in cell physiology. In this brief chapter, we will stroll down the CerS lane and discuss what is known, and what is not known, about this important enzyme family.


Assuntos
Ceramidas/biossíntese , Retículo Endoplasmático/enzimologia , Esfingosina N-Aciltransferase/fisiologia , Animais , Ácidos Graxos/química , Esfingolipídeos
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3022-3030, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364965

RESUMO

Two novel strains, designated YLB-02T and YLB-04T, were isolated from the deep-sea sediments of Yap Trench located in the Pacific Ocean. Cells of the strains were Gram-stain-positive, oxidase- and catalase-positive and rod-shaped. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain YLB-02T belonged to the genus Oceanobacillus and strain YLB-04T belonged to the genus Bacillus. Strain YLB-02T showed similarities of 96.9 % with Ornithinibacillus contaminans CCUG 53201T, 96.3 % with Oceanobacillus profundus CL-MP28T, 96.1 % with Oceanobacillus halophilus J8BT and 95.7 % with Oceanobacillus bengalensis Ma-21T. Strain YLB-04T showed the highest sequence similarity of 97.4 % with Bacillus notoginsengisoli SYP-B691T. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and the DNA-DNA hybridisation (DDH) estimate values for strain YLB-02T and YLB-04T with their related type strains were below the respective threshold for species differentiation. The G+C contents of strains YLB-02T and YLB-04T were 37.3 and 45.4 mol%. The predominant (>10 %) cellular fatty acids of strain YLB-02T were iso-C14 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and C16 : 1ω7c alcohol, and those of strain YLB-04T were C16 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and C18 : 0. Their predominant ubiquinone was MK-7. The cell-wall peptidoglycan of strain YLB-02T contained glutamic acid, alanine, aspartic acid, lysine and ornithine, but no meso-diaminopimelic acid, while strain YLB-04T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, glutamic acid, alanine, aspartic acid, lysine and ornithine. In addition to diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG) and phosphatidylglycerol (PG), the polar lipids of strain YLB-02T also consisted of an unidentified glycolipid (GL), two unidentified polar lipids (L1 and L2) and two unidentified phospholipids (PL1 and PL2), and those of strain YLB-04T also consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and an unidentified phospholipid (PL). Based on phenotypic, genotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, two novel species are proposed, Oceanobacillus piezotolerans sp. nov. with YLB-02T (=MCCC 1A12699T=JCM 32870T) and Bacillus piezotolerans sp. nov. with YLB-04T (=MCCC 1A12711T=JCM 32872T) as the type strains.


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/classificação , Bacillus/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Bacillus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceano Pacífico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3293-3298, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385783

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile and strictly aerobic bacterium, designated ZQ420T, was isolated from marine sediment sampled on Zhoushan Island located in the East China Sea. Strain ZQ420T was able to grow at 10-45 °C, 0-12.0 % (w/v) NaCl and pH 5.5-9.0. Catalase and oxidase activities, nitrate reduction, H2S production, hydrolysis of starch, casein, Tween 20, 40 and 80 were positive. Indole, methyl red, Voges-Proskauer test, hydrolysis of gelatin and Tween 60 were negative. The major cellular fatty acids were C18 : 1 ω7c, C16 : 0 and 11-methyl C18 : 1ω7c. Ubiquinone-10 (Q-10) was the only detected respiratory quinone. The polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified phospholipids, three unidentified glycolipids, two unidentified aminolipid and two unidentified lipids. The DNA G+C content was 64.8 mol%. According to 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, strain ZQ420T shared 97.9, 96.3 and 96.3 % similarities to the following species with validated names Pararhodobacteraggregans D1-19T, Pseudo rhodobacter psychrotolerans PAMC27389T and Pseudo rhodobacter collinsensis 4-T-34T, respectively. While sharing lower sequence similarities (<96.0 %) to other type species. Phylogenetic analyses showed that strain ZQ420T and P. aggregans D1-19T formed an independent cluster in the phylogenetic trees. The average nucleotide identity value between strain ZQ420T and P. aggregans D1-19T was 79.1 %. The in silico DNA-DNA hybridization analysis revealed that strain ZQ420T shared 21.5 % DNA relatedness with P. aggregans D1-19T. On the basis of its phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic characteristics, strain ZQ420T is considered to represent a novel species in the genus Pararhodobacter, for which the name Pararhodobactermarinus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is ZQ420T (=KCTC 62579T=MCCC 1K03530T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3148-3154, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385778

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, non-spore-forming, obligate aerobic, motile, rod-shaped, and flagellated bacterium, designated S11R28T, was isolated from the intestinal tract of a Korean shiner, Coreoleuciscus splendidus. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain S11R28T was identified as member of the genus Undibacterium in class Betaproteobacteria, and was closely related to Undibacterium parvum DSM 23061T (98.49 %). The isolate grew at 4-25 °C, pH 6-9, with 0 % (w/v) NaCl, and grew optimally at 20 °C, pH 8, in the absence of NaCl. The main cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0 and summed features 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c). The strain possessed diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, and phosphatidylethanolamine as predominant polar lipids, and ubiquinone Q-8 as a respiratory quinone. The polyamine profile composed of 2-hydroxyputrescine, spermidine, putrescine, and benzoic acid. A genomic DNA G+C content was 51.4 mol%. The average nucleotide identity between strains S11R28T and U. parvum DSM 23061T was 78.66 %. Thus, Undibacterium piscinae can be considered a novel species within the genus Undibacterium with the type strain S11R28T (=KCTC 62668T=JCM 33224T).


Assuntos
Cyprinidae/microbiologia , Intestinos/microbiologia , Oxalobacteraceae/classificação , Filogenia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oxalobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , Poliaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3299-3304, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395107

RESUMO

A halophilic archaeaon, strain LT12T, was isolated from saline soil sampled at the Tarim Basin, PR China. The novel strain stained Gram-negative, cells were rod-shaped, and formed light red-pigmented colonies on agar plate. Strain LT12T grew optimally at 3.1 M NaCl, 0.05 M MgCl2, 37 °C and pH 7.5. The cells lysed in distilled water and the minimal NaCl concentration to prevent cell lysis was 1.4 M. Based on the results of phylogenetic analyses of the 16S rRNA and rpoB' genes, strain LT12T was most closely related to Halostella salina CBA1114T(94.4-95.9  and 93.6 % similarities, respectively). The average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain LT12T and H. salina CBA1114T were 81.0 and 24.3 %, respectively. The major polar lipids of strain LT12T were phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester and three unidentified glycolipids. The DNA G+C content was 67.2 mol % (genome). Based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties, strain LT12T represents a novel species of the genus Halostella for which the name Halostellalimicola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LT12T (=CGMCC 1.14941T=JCM 30667T).


Assuntos
Halobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Salinidade , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Arqueal/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Glicolipídeos/química , Halobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3305-3309, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418672

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, beige-coloured, motile, facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated as E84T, was isolated from sediment sampled from a marine solar saltern in Wendeng, PR China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that Rhodosalinus sediminis WDN1C137T was the closest phylogenetic relationship, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 96.9 %. Optimal growth occurred at 33-37 °C (range, 20-40 °C), at pH 7.5 (pH 7.0-8.5) and with 6.0 % (w/v) NaCl (0.5-20.0 %). The sole respiratory quinone was Q-10. The major fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c), C18 : 0 and cyclo C19 : 0ω8c. The polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified glycolipid, two unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain E84T was 69.8 mol%. Based on the results of physiological, genotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic analyses, we concluded that strain E84T represents a novel species of the genus Rhodosalinus, for which the name Rhodosalinus halophilus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is E84T (=KCTC 52697T=MCCC 1H00231T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Salinidade , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(38): 10653-10659, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464427

RESUMO

Quercetin, a polyphenolic compound, is widely distributed in plants and has numerous health benefits. However, its hydrophilicity can compromise its use in lipophilic systems. For this reason, quercetin was esterified with 12 different fatty acids as their acyl chlorides with varying chain lengths and degrees of unsaturation. Two monoesters (Q-3'-O-monoester and Q-3-O-monoester) and four diesters (Q-7,3'-O-diester, Q-3',4'-O-diester, Q-3,3'-O-diester, and Q-3,4'-O-diester) were the major products as was shown by HPLC-MS and 1H-NMR data. The lipophilicity of quercetin derivatives was calculated; this was found to increase with fatty acid chain length. The antioxidant potential of quercetin and its derivatives was evaluated by using DPPH radical and ABTS radical cation scavenging activity; quercetin showed the highest radical scavenging activity among all tested samples. Despite the decrease of antioxidant activity in this study, the derivatives may show better antioxidant activity in lipophilic media and display improved absorption and bioavailability in the body once consumed.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Ésteres/química , Quercetina/química , Antioxidantes/síntese química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Esterificação , Ácidos Graxos/química , Espectrometria de Massas , Estrutura Molecular
9.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(33): 9411-9422, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393126

RESUMO

Royal jelly (RJ) is secreted by young worker bees, and it plays key roles in the development and physiological function in honeybees and can improve human health. Although there have been analyses on the glycosylation modification of RJ proteins, none of these methods have been conducted on a site-specific analysis of glycosylation from these glycoproteins. Here, a combined glycomics and glycoproteomics strategy was developed for the site-specific analysis of N-linked glycosylation heterogeneity of RJ glycoproteins. First, global characterization of the N-glycome of RJ was performed using a direct infusion ion trap-sequential mass spectrometry (IT-MSn) method. Second, tryptic glycopeptides were enriched and separated by hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-ion trap-sequential mass spectrometry (HILIC-IT-MSn). A total of 50 N-glycopeptides and 30 N-glycans have been site-specific glycosylation profiled in major royal jelly protein 1 (MRJP1) and MRJP2 of RJ for the first time. Eighteen of the identified N-glycans have been structurally characterized by IT-MSn, including oligosaccharide composition, sequence, branching, and linkage. Two N-glycosylation sites (N177 and N394), 3 sites (N145, N178, and N92), and 1 site of N183 were identified in MRJP1, MRJP2, and MRJP3, respectively. There were 18, 17, and 2 N-glycans attached to MRJP1, MRJP2, and MRJP3, respectively. The diversity of N-glycans attached to each single glycosylation site of these glycoproteins confirmed that MRJP1 and MRJP2 heterogeneity was mostly associated with their glycoform populations. Understanding the properties of the site-specific glycosylation heterogeneity of the RJ glycoproteins can be potentially useful for producing a glycoprotein with desirable pharmacokinetic and biological activity.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicoproteínas/química , Proteínas de Insetos/química , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Animais , Abelhas , Cromatografia Líquida , Glicômica , Glicosilação , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
10.
Chem Biodivers ; 16(8): e1900318, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364803

RESUMO

Sponges from freshwater environments, unlike marine's, are poorly known producers of natural compounds with medicinal purposes. Amazonian sponges produce massive large specimens and are widely spread, taxonomically diverse and their metabolites could represent a new frontier on unusual natural products to treat diseases such as Alzheimer's and Malaria. Species of Metania and Drulia (Metaniidae) genera are major contributors to the fauna of Amazonian freshwater sponges. Methanolic extracts from several species from these genera had their inhibitory activities evaluated in vitro, for parasite Plasmodium falciparum and acetyl and butyrylcholinesterase enzymes (AChE and BChE). All extracts were able to inhibit AChE, although no activity was observed towards BChE. Drulia uruguayensis extract was the most potent, inhibiting AChE with IC50 =1.04 mg/mL. For antiplasmodial activity, all species showed inhibition to P. falciparum, but Metania reticulata being the most efficient with IC50 =2.7 µg/mL. Mass spectrometry analyses evidenced the presence of fatty acids and sterols in active extracts.


Assuntos
Antiprotozoários/química , Inibidores da Colinesterase/química , Poríferos/química , Acetilcolinesterase/química , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Animais , Antiprotozoários/isolamento & purificação , Antiprotozoários/farmacologia , Butirilcolinesterase/química , Butirilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Inibidores da Colinesterase/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Ácidos Graxos/química , Plasmodium falciparum/efeitos dos fármacos , Poríferos/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Esteróis/química
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3128-3134, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364963

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-positive actinobacterial strain, designated C9-28T, was isolated from soil sampled in a natural cave on Jeju Island, Republic of Korea. Strain C9-28T morphologically exhibited a rod-coccus life cycle and grew at 10-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 6-9 (optimum, pH 7) and 0-3 % (optimum, absence of NaCl). In the maximum-likelihood tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain C9-28T formed a sublineage between a Rhodococcus equi-Rhodococcus soli-Rhodococcus agglutinans clade and the type strain of Rhodococcus defluvii. The closest relatives of strain C9-28T were the type strains of R. defluvii (98.88 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), R. equi (98.88 %) and R. soli (98.60 %). The phylogenomic tree based on whole genome sequences supported the distinct position of the novel strain within the genus Rhodococcus. The following chemotaxonomic characteristics also supported the assignment to the genus: meso-diaminopimelic acid; arabinose and galactose in whole-cell hydrolysates; the predominant menaquinone of MK-8(H2); and polar lipids including diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside, three unidentified glycolipids and two unidentified lipids. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), C18 : 1ω9c and C14 : 0. Based on the values of average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization from whole genome sequences, and in vitro DNA-DNA hybridization between the isolate and the closest relatives, strain C9-28T (=KACC 19823T=DSM 107559T) represents a novel species of the genus Rhodococcus, for which the name Rhodococcussubtropicus sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Cavernas/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodococcus/classificação , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Rhodococcus/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3041-3048, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395120

RESUMO

A novel irregularly shaped and slightly curved rod bacterial strain, GLDI4/2T, showing activity of fructose 6-phosphate phosphoketolase was isolated from a faecal sample of an adult gelada baboon (Theropithecus gelada). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA genes as well as multilocus sequences (representing fusA, gyrB and xfp genes) and the core genome revealed that GLDI4/2T exhibited phylogenetic relatedness to Alloscardovia omnicolens DSM 21503T and to Alloscardovia macacae DSM 24762T. Comparative analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences confirmed the phylogenetic results showing the highest gene sequence identity with strain A. omnicolens DSM 21503T (96.0 %). Activities of α- and ß-gluco(galacto)sidases were detected in strain GLDI4/2T, which is characteristic for almost all members of the family Bifidobacteriaceae. Compared to other Alloscardovia species its DNA G+C content (43.8 mol%) was very low. Phylogenetic studies and the evaluation of phenotypic characteristics, including the results of biochemical, physiological and chemotaxonomic analyses, confirmed the novel species status for strain GLDI4/2T, for which the name Alloscardoviatheropitheci sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is GLDI4/2T (=DSM 106019T=JCM 32430T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Theropithecus/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Aldeído Liases , Animais , Animais de Zoológico/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fezes/microbiologia , Itália , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 2966-2971, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418670

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterium, designated LHW52908T, was isolated from a marine sponge, Leucettachagosensis, collected in the South China Sea. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain LHW52908T was member of the family Geodermatophilaceae, with highest similarities to Geodermatophilus obscurus DSM 43160T (97.7 %), Geodermatophilus siccatus CF6T (97.6 %) and Geodermatophiluschilensis B12T (97.5 %). Multilocus sequence analysis confirmed that the strain should be a member of genus Geodermatophilus. Chemotaxonomic characteristics confirmed the genus-level affiliation of strain LHW52908T. Based on phylogenetic data, average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization results, strain LHW52908T could be distinguished from its closest neighbours, representing a novel species of the genus Geodermatophilus, for which the name Geodermatophilusmarinus sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain LHW52908T (=DSM 106570T=CCTCC AA 2018014T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Poríferos/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceanos e Mares , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
14.
Chem Biol Interact ; 311: 108787, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400341

RESUMO

Antipsychotic drugs interfere with the antioxidant defense system provoking complex and often toxicological effects. Here we examined differences in plasma albumin reduced free thiol (SH) group content and its reactivity as a consequence of clozapine (CLZ) and ziprasidone (ZIP) binding. Chronic administration of CLZ reduced, whereas treatment with ZIP increased albumin-SH content in rats. Regardless of the ratio of stearic acid (SA) bound to protein, in vitro binding of ZIP to human serum albumin (HSA) increased both the SH group level and reactivity. In contrast, the effect of CLZ on HSA-SH reactivity was dependent on HSA to SA molar ratio. CLZ binding was accompanied by an increase in HSA-SH reactivity in samples with normal, but a reduction of its reactivity level with higher SA/HSA ratio, compared to drug-free samples. We demonstrate by steady-state fluorescence quenching studies that an increase in SA binding to HSA is associated with a significant reduction of binding constant for both antipsychotics. In addition, this is the first report of quantitative characterization of ZIP binding to HSA. Our findings suggest that albumin-SH content and reactivity is modulated by ZIP towards an increased antioxidant defense capacity in circulation, as opposed to CLZ, which can contribute to the safer, more effective treatment of schizophrenia.


Assuntos
Clozapina/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Piperazinas/química , Albumina Sérica/química , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Tiazóis/química , Animais , Clozapina/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Piperazinas/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Espectrofotometria , Compostos de Sulfidrila/análise , Compostos de Sulfidrila/metabolismo , Tiazóis/metabolismo
15.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(7): 1022-1031, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389518

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The energy imbalance produced by an increase in caloric intake and/or decrease in energy expenditure induces obesity. However, the fatty acid composition of a diet can affect the metabolism in different ways, having a role in the development of obesity. AIM: To determine the effect of different fatty acids types and composition on Diet-Induced Thermogenesis (DIT) and postprandial energy expenditure in humans. METHODS: A search in the PubMed and Web of Science databases, yielded a total of 269 potential articles as a first result; 254 were excluded according to the criteria. RESULTS: Fifteen articles were used for this systematic review. The studies analyzed report different effects of the fatty acids of the treatment on the diet-induced thermogenesis. Evidence indicates that the consumption of polyunsaturated fatty acids causes a greater DIT than saturated fatty acids. Also, the consumption of medium-chain fatty acids compared to long-chain fatty acids has been shown to increase DIT. Likewise, the use of certain oils has shown positive effects on postprandial energy expenditure, as is the case of olive oil, compared to rapeseed oil. CONCLUSIONS: The use of specific types of fatty acids in the everyday diet can increase postprandial energy expenditure in humans. Nevertheless, longer-term studies are required.


Assuntos
Metabolismo Energético/fisiologia , Ácidos Graxos/química , Refeições/fisiologia , Período Pós-Prandial/fisiologia , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Termogênese/fisiologia
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3009-3013, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31287393

RESUMO

Strain 28462T, which had Gram-stain-positive, catalase-negative coccus-shaped cells, was isolated from a routine tracheal sample from a 3 year old thoroughbred horse. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed it to be most closely related to, but distinct from, Streptococcus henryi (95.7 % identity), Streptococcusplurextorum (95.8 %), Streptococcusporci (96.4 %) and Streptococcus caprae (95.1 %). Similarity values derived from sequences from sodA and rpoB genes were consistent with strain 28462T belonging to a species distinct from these four streptococci. At the whole genome level, strain 28462T had an average nucleotide identity value <95 % and an inferred DNA-DNA hybridization value <70 % when compared to S. henryi, Streptococcus. plurextorum and S. porci with no S. caprae genome sequence being available. Finally, various phenotypic characteristics distinguish strain 28462T from each of these species. Based on the genotypic and phenotypic results, it is proposed that strain 28462T is a novel species, with the name Streptococcus hillyeri sp. nov. The type strain is 28462T (=DSM 107591T=CCUG 72762T).


Assuntos
Cavalos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Streptococcus/classificação , Traqueia/microbiologia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Inglaterra , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Streptococcus/isolamento & purificação
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3031-3040, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310190

RESUMO

Three novel actinobacterial strains, designated as TPS16T, TPS81 and TPS83, were isolated from a sample of marine sediment collected from Tioman Island, Malaysia. The strains formed abundant branched substrate mycelia without fragmentation along with production of blue spores and blue diffusible pigment on soybean meal agar. The strains could grow at pH ranging from pH 6 to 12 and in 0-8 % (w/v) NaCl. Cell-wall hydrolysis showed the presence of meso-diaminopimelic acid. The strains were closely related to Marinactinospora thermotolerans SCSIO 00652T (97.60 %) and Marinactinospora endophytica YIM 690053T (96.87 %) based on phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences. Multilocus sequence analysis including gyrB, recA and rpoB genes further confirmed that strain TPS16T represented a distinct branch within the family Nocardiopsaceae. The predominant menaquinones were MK-11(H2), MK-10(H2), MK-11(H4) and MK-10(H4), while the major fatty acids were found to be iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and C18 : 1ω9c. Genome sequencing revealed genome sizes of approximately 6 Mb and G+C contents of 73.8 mol%. A new genus, Marinitenerispora gen. nov., is proposed within the family Nocardiopsaceae based on polyphasic data and the type species is Marinitenerispora sediminis gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain is TPS16T (=DSM 46825T=TBRC 5138T).


Assuntos
Actinomycetales/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Actinomycetales/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Ilhas , Malásia , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3062-3067, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310197

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, motile and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated OISW-25T, was isolated from seawater in Republic of Korea. Strain OISW-25T grew optimally at 25 °C and in the presence of 2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. The phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain OISW-25T fell within the clade comprising the type strains of Colwellia species. Strain OISW-25T exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of 97.5, 97.2 and 97.1 % to the type strains of C. piezophila, C. maris and C. psychrerythraea, respectively, and of 93.6-96.6 % to the type strains of the other Colwellia species. The average nucleotide identity values between strain OISW-25T and C. piezophila ATCC BAA-637T and two non-type strains of C. psychrerythraea were 78.16-79.35 % and DNA-DNA relatedness value of strain OISW-25T with the type strain of C. maris was 17 %. The DNA G+C content of strain OISW-25T was 39.2 mol% (HPLC) or 38.7 mol% (genome data). Strain OISW-25T contained Q-8 as the predominant ubiquinone and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c) and C16 : 0 as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids of strain OISW-25T were phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. Distinguished phenotypic properties, along with the phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, revealed that strain OISW-25T is distinct from Colwellia species. On the basis of the data presented, strain OISW-25T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Colwellia, for which the name Colwellia ponticola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is OISW-25T (=KCTC 62426T=NBRC 113187T).


Assuntos
Alteromonadaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonadaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Fosfatidilgliceróis/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3068-3073, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310199

RESUMO

The taxonomic position of 'Actinomadura roseorufa' LMG 30035T, a semduramicin-producing mutant of strain ATCC 53666P, which was isolated from a soil sample collected in Yamae Village, Kamamoto, Japan, was clarified in the present study using a polyphasic approach. This Gram-positive, aerobic actinomycete formed a well-developed, extensively branched, non-fragmenting substrate and aerial mycelia which differentiated into single, smooth-appearing spores. Based on analysis of nearly complete 16S rRNA gene sequence, strain LMG 30035T was found to be closely related to the type strains of Actinomadura fibrosa ATCC 49459T (98.88 %) and Actinomadura formosensis JCM 7474T (98.82 %) (pairwise similarity values in parentheses). Digital DNA-DNA hybridisation experiments revealed unambiguously that strain LMG 30035T represents a novel Actinomadura species (OrthoANIu values less than 83.1 %; dDDH values less than 27.2 % with type strains of validly named Actinomadura species). Analysis of the cell wall revealed the presence of meso-diaminopimelic acid in the peptidoglycan. The whole-cell sugars were glucose, madurose, galactose, ribose and rhamnose. The major polar lipids included phosphatidylinositol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H6), MK-9(H8), MK-9(H4) and MK-9(H2). The major fatty acids were C16 : 00, 10-methyl C18 : 0, C18 : 1 ω9c and C18 : 00. The DNA G+C content of its genome was 72.5 mol%. In summary, these characteristics distinguish strain LMG 30035T from validly named species of the genus Actinomadura, and therefore, we propose to classify this strain formally as the novel species Actinomadura roseirufa sp. nov. with LMG 30035T (=CECT 9808T,=ATCC 53664T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Nigericina/análogos & derivados , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ionóforos , Japão , Nigericina/metabolismo , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3080-3086, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31329534

RESUMO

Six mycelium-forming actinomycete strains were isolated from forest soil near the Cisolok geysers in West Java, Indonesia. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of these strains showed high similarity to members of genera in the family Pseudonocardiaceae with values less than 96.0 %, and most closely related to the genus Thermotunica, T. guangxiensis AG2-7T(94.6-95.2 % similarity). The type strain, designated SL3-2-4T, was aerobic, thermophilic, Gram-stain-positive that formed branched, non-fragmented substrate mycelia and unbranched aerial mycelia with long-chain, oval-shaped spores on International Streptomyces Project (ISP) 3 medium. It produced light-orange substrate mycelia and light-orange diffusible pigments on ISP 3 medium with 2 % gellan gum, grown at 30-55 °C, with optimum growth at 45 °C. The pH range for growth was 4.0-8.0, with optimum growth at pH 7.0. Strain SL3-2-4T was able to hydrolyze casein, esculin, gelatin, guanine, hypoxanthine, starch, L-tyrosine, and xanthine, but not adenine, carboxymethyl-cellulose, cellulose, chitin, Tween 20, or xylan. The major fatty acid was iso-C16 : 0, and the major menaquinone was MK-8 (H4). The detected polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidyl-N-methylethanolamine, unidentified aminophospholipids, unidentified glycolipids, and unidentified phospholipids. The cell wall hydrolysate of SL3-2-4T contained meso-2,4-diaminopimelic acid. The whole cell sugars were arabinose and galactose. The DNA G+C content was 71.6 mol%. Phenotypic features and phylogenetic data differentiated SL3-2-4T from members of the family Pseudonocardiaceae. Therefore, the strain SL3-2-4T is proposed as a representative of a novel species in a novel genus, Gandjariella thermophila gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain is SL3-2-4T (=UICC B-83T=NRRL B-67478T=InaCC A981T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Florestas , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Indonésia , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
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