Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 8.598
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343062

RESUMO

A hyperthermophilic, strictly anaerobic archaeon, designated strain SY113T, was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney on the Southwest Indian Ridge at a water depth of 2770 m. Enrichment and isolation of strain SY113T were performed at 85 °C at 0.1 MPa. Cells of strain SY113T were irregular motile cocci with peritrichous flagella and generally 0.8-2.4 µm in diameter. Growth was observed at temperatures between 50 and 90 °C (optimum at 85 °C) and under hydrostatic pressures of 0.1-60 MPa (optimum, 27 MPa). Cells of SY113T grew at pH 4.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 5.5) and a NaCl concentration of 0.5-5.5 % (w/v; optimum concentration, 3.0 % NaCl). Strain SY113T was an anaerobic chemoorganoheterotroph and grew on complex proteinaceous substrates such as yeast extract and tryptone, as well as on maltose and starch. Elemental sulphur stimulated growth, but not obligatory for its growth. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 55.0 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA sequence of strain SY113T showed that the novel isolate belonged to the genus Thermococcus. On the basis of physiological characteristics, average nucleotide identity values and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization results, we propose a novel species, named Thermococcus aciditolerans sp. nov. The type strain is SY113T (=MCCC 1K04190T=JCM 39083T).


Assuntos
Fontes Hidrotermais , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Thermococcus , Composição de Bases , DNA Arqueal/genética , Fontes Hidrotermais/microbiologia , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Thermococcus/classificação , Thermococcus/isolamento & purificação
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370661

RESUMO

Two bacterial strains, designated SS33T and Y03T, were isolated from marine sediment and marine red alga collected on the coast of Weihai, PR China. Based on the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain SS33T was found to be closely related to Primorskyibacter marinus PX7T, Pelagivirga dicentrarchi YLY04T, Palleronia marisminoris DSM 26347T and Maribius pontilimi GH1-23T with 94.8, 94.6, 94.5 and 94.5 % sequence similarity; strain Y03T was found to be closest to Flavivirga aquimarina EC2D5T, Flavivirga eckloniae ECD14T and Flavivirga amylovorans JC2681T with 96.4, 96.1 and 96.0 % sequence similarity. Strain SS33T grew at 4-37 °C (optimum, 33 °C), at pH 6.0-9.5 (optimum, pH 7.5-8.0) and in the presence of 0-10 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3.0 %). Chemotaxonomic analysis of strain SS33T showed that the predominant respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10. The major fatty acids (>10.0 %) included C18 : 1 ω7c and C16 : 0. The major polar lipids included phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, one unidentified phospholipid, one unidentified glycolipid, one unidentified polar lipid and two unidentified aminolipids. Strain Y03T grew at 15-40 °C (optimum, 28 °C), at pH 6.5-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0.5-9.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2.0%). Chemotaxonomic analysis showed that the predominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone-6. The major fatty acids (>10.0 %) included iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and iso-C15 : 0 3-OH. The major polar lipids included phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified phospholipid, one unidentified aminolipid and four unidentified polar lipids. Based on the polyphasic data, strain SS33T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Palleronia, for which the name Palleronia sediminis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain SS33T (=KCTC 62986T=MCCC 1H00387T). Strain Y03T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Flavivirga, for which the name Flavivirga algicola sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain Y03T (=KCTC 72001T=MCCC 1H00386T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Rodófitas/microbiologia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388084

RESUMO

A novel bacterial strain, designated SW136T, was isolated from a deep-sea sediment sample collected from the South China Sea. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, catalase-positive and oxidase-positive. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain SW136T represented a novel member of the genus Aurantimonas, forming a distinct cluster with 'Aurantimonas litoralis', Aurantimonas coralicida and Aurantimonas manganoxydans (98.2, 98.1 and 97.9% sequence similarity, respectively). The predominant cellular fatty acid of strain SW136T was C18 : 1 ω7c. Strain SW136T contained ubiquinone-10 as the dominant respiratory quinone, and diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol as the major polar lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content was 64.3 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values of strain SW136T with A. coralicida CGMCC 1.12222T and A. manganoxydans CGMCC 1.12225T were 78.8 and 78.6 % and 21.5 and 25.5 %, respectively. On the basis of phylogenetic inference and phenotypic characteristics, we propose that strain SW136T represents a novel species of the genus Aurantimonas, with the name Aurantimonas marina sp. nov. The type strain is SW136T (=CGMCC 1.17725T=KCTC 82366T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398727

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped and facultatively aerobic bacterial strain, designated F7430T, was isolated from coastal sediment collected at Jingzi Wharf in Weihai, PR China. Cells of strain F7430T were 0.3-0.4 µm wide, 2.0-2.6 µm long, non-flagellated, non-motile and formed pale-beige colonies. Growth was observed at 4-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.5-8.0) and at NaCl concentrations of 1.0-10.0 % (w/v; optimum, 1.0 %). The sole respiratory quinone of strain F7430T was ubiquinone 8 and the predominant cellular fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c / C18 : 1 ω6c; 60.7 %), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c; 30.2 %) and C15 : 0 iso (13.9 %). The polar lipids of strain F7430T consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, one unidentified phospholipid and three unidentified lipids. Results of 16S rRNA gene sequences analyses indicated that this strain belonged to the family Halieaceae and had high sequence similarities to Parahaliea aestuarii JCM 51547T (95.3 %) and Halioglobus pacificus DSM 27932T (95.2 %) followed by 92.9-95.0 % sequence similarities to other type species within the aforementioned family. The rpoB gene sequences analyses indicated that the novel strain had the highest sequence similarities to Parahaliea aestuarii JCM 51547T (82.2 %) and Parahaliea mediterranea DSM 21924T (82.2 %) followed by 75.2-80.5 % sequence similarities to other type species within this family. Phylogenetic analyses showed that strain F7430T constituted a monophyletic branch clearly separated from the other genera of family Halieaceae. Whole-genome sequencing of strain F7430T revealed a 3.3 Mbp genome size with a DNA G+C content of 52.6 mol%. The genome encoded diverse metabolic pathways including the Entner-Doudoroff pathway, assimilatory sulphate reduction and biosynthesis of dTDP-l-rhamnose. Based on results from the current polyphasic study, strain F7430T is proposed to represent a novel species of a new genus within the family Halieaceae, for which the name Sediminihaliea albiluteola gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the type species is F7430T (=KCTC 72873T=MCCC 1H00420T).


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402780

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming, aerobic and short rod-shaped bacterial strain R32T, was isolated from seawater of the South Atlantic Ocean. Strain R32T grew at 10-40 °C (optimum 28 °C), at pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum 7.0), and in the presence of 3-8 % NaCl (w/v) (optimum 5 %). Cells were oxidase- and catalase-positive. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain R32T shared the highest similarities with Mesonia oceanica (98.3 %), followed by Salegentibacter salarius (93.0 %), Salegentibacter mishustinae (92.8 %), Salegentibacter salegens (92.5 %) and Mesonia maritima (92.4 %). The dominant fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 (32.7 %) and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH (21.1 %). Menaquinone-6 (MK-6) was detected as the sole respiratory quinone. The polar lipids found were phosphatidylethanolamine, three aminolipids and three unidentified lipids. The DNA G+C content was 35.0 mol%. The ANI value and dDDH value between strain R32T and the Salegentibacter and Mesonia species were 70.5-85.8 % and 18.7-30.5 %, respectively. Based on the results of the polyphasic characterization, strain R32T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Mesonia, for which the name Mesonia hitae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is R32T (=MCCC 1A09780T=KCTC 72004T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Oceano Atlântico , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427552

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile bacterial strain, designated SW124T, was isolated from a deep-sea sediment sample collected from the Indian Ocean. SW124T was aerobic and catalase-positive. The strain grew at 4-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 5.0-8.6 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0.5-9.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3.0%). The results of comparative analyses of the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that SW124T was grouped in the vicinity of the genus Rhodonellum in the family Cyclobacteriaceae. The quinone system contained menaquinone MK-7. The predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c). SW124T contained phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) as the major polar lipid. The genomic DNA G+C content of SW124T was 41.7 mol%. On the basis of its phenotypic characteristics and phylogenetic data, we propose that strain SW124T (=CGMCC 1.16171T=KCTC 82235T) represents a novel species of a novel genus, with the name Pararhodonellum marinum gen. nov., sp. nov.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Índico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427553

RESUMO

The morphology and molecular phylogeny of Plagiopyla ovata Kahl, 1931, a poorly known anaerobic ciliate, were investigated based on a population isolated from sand samples collected from the Yellow Sea coast at Qingdao, PR China. Details of the oral ciliature are documented for the first time to our knowledge and an improved species diagnosis is given. The small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) gene was newly sequenced and phylogenetic analyses revealed that P. ovata clusters within the monophyletic family Plagiopylidae. However, evolutionary relationships within both the family Plagiopylidae and the genus Plagiopyla remain obscure owing to undersampling, the lack of sequence data from known species and low nodal support or unstable topologies in gene trees. A key to the identification of the species of the genus Plagiopyla with validly published names is also supplied.


Assuntos
Cilióforos , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Anaerobiose , China , Cilióforos/classificação , Genes de RNAr , Análise de Sequência de DNA
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431767

RESUMO

In this study, we report a Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-pigmented, motile and aerobic bacterium named strain MTZ26T, which was isolated from deep-sea sediment sampled at a cold seep in the South China Sea. Growth of strain MTZ26T occurred at 4-40 °C (optimum, 25-30 °C), pH 6.0-10.0 (optimum, 7.0-8.0) and with 1.0-11.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 6.0-8.0 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain MTZ26T belonged to the genus Psychrosphaera and was closely related to Psychrosphaera aestuarii PSC101T (97.5 % sequence similarity) and Psychrosphaera haliotis KDW4T (97.5 %). Genomic analysis indicated that strain MTZ26T contains a circular chromosome of 3 331 814 bp with G+C content of 42.2 mol%. The predominant respiratory quinone of MTZ26T was ubiquinone-8. The polar lipids of MTZ26T contained phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified aminophospholipid and one unidentified phospholipid. The major fatty acids of strain MTZ26T contained C15:0, C16:0, C17:0, C17 : 1 ω8c, C10 : 0 3-OH, C11 : 0 3-OH, C15 : 1 ω8c and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c or/and C18 : 1 ω6c). Results of phylogenetic, physiological, biochemical and morphological analyses suggested that strain MTZ26T represents a novel species of the genus Psychrosphaera, and the name Psychrosphaera ytuae sp. nov. is proposed with the type strain MTZ26T (=MCCC 1K05568T=JCM 34321T).


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435948

RESUMO

Strain S02T was isolated from a surface sediment sample collected from the Bering Sea (64.3361° N, 170.9541° W). The cells were Gram-stain-negative, motile and rod-shaped. The temperature range for growth was 4-25 °C and the pH for growth was 5.5-9.0, with optimum growth occurring at 20-25 °C and pH 7.0-8.0. Growth occurred in the presence of 0-7 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2-5 %). Strain S02T had menaquinone-8 as the major respiratory quinone and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c), C16:0, C17 : 0 cyclo, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c /C16 : 1 ω7c), C17 : 0 and C18 : 0 as major fatty acids. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and two glycolipids. The genomic DNA G+C content was approximately 63.8 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain S02T belonged to the genus Devosia. Strain S02T showed the highest sequence similarities to Devosia psychrophila Cr7-05T (97.5 %), Devosia naphthalenivorans CM5-1T (97.7 %), Devosia submarina KMM 9415T (97.4 %), Devosia epidermidihirudinis E84T (97.44 %), Devosia euplotis LIV5T (97.1 %) and Devosia limi DSM 17137T (96.7 %). On the basis of phylogenetic analyses and phenotypic characteristics, a novel species of the genus Devosia, Devosia beringensis sp. nov., is proposed, with the type strain S02T (=JCM 33772=CCTCC AB 2019343).


Assuntos
Hyphomicrobiaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hyphomicrobiaceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34214025

RESUMO

A strictly aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain R1DC9T, was isolated from sediments of a mangrove stand on the Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia via diffusion chamber cultivation. Strain R1DC9T grew at 20-40 °C (optimum, 37 °C), pH 6-10 (optimum, pH 8) and 3-11 % NaCl (optimum, 7-9 %) in the cultivation medium. The genome of R1DC9T was 4 661 901 bp long and featured a G+C content of 63.1 mol%. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence and whole-genome multilocus sequence analysis using 120 concatenated single-copy genes revealed that R1DC9T represents a distinct lineage in the order Cytophagales and the phylum Bacteroidetes separated from the Roseivirgaceae and Marivirgaceae families. R1DC9T displayed 90 and 89 % 16S rRNA gene sequence identities with Marivirga sericea DSM 4125T and Roseivirga ehrenbergii KMM 6017T, respectively. The predominant quinone was MK7. The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, two unknown phospholipids and two unknown lipids. The predominant cellular fatty acids were the saturated branch chain fatty acids iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and iso-C17 : 0, along with a low percentage of the monounsaturated fatty acid C16 : 1 ω5c. Based on differences in phenotypic, physiological and biochemical characteristics from known relatives, and the results of phylogenetic analyses, R1DC9T (=KCTC 72349T=JCM 33609T=NCCB 100698T) is proposed to represent a novel species in a new genus, and the name Mangrovivirga cuniculi gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The distinct phylogenetic lineage among the families in the order Cytophagales indicates that R1DC9T represents a new family for which the name Mangrovivirgaceae fam. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhizophoraceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Índico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Arábia Saudita , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34224346

RESUMO

Two bacterial strains, designated as 1-4-3T and 1-4-4, were isolated from a mangrove sediment cultured with coastal seawater. The cells were Gram-stain-negative, motile, short, rod-shaped bacteria with flagella. Growth occurred at 4-37 °C, pH 7.0-9.0, and 0-7% NaCl. The predominant fatty acids of the novel strains were C18 : 1 ω7c, C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c, C18 : 0, and C16 : 0. A phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and whole genome phylogeny analysis based on distance matrix revealed an affiliation between the two strains and the genus Aureimonas, with closest sequence similarity to A. populi 4M3-2T (96.41 and 96.64% similarity, respectively) and A. glaciistagni (96.01 and 96.23% similarity, respectively). The DNA G+C content of strain 1-4-3T was 66.80 mol%. Strain 1-4-3T displayed low DNA-DNA relatedness to A. populi 4M3-2T, with an average nucleotide identity value of 77.47 % and digital DNA-DNA hybridization value of 22.83 %. Genotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phenotypic data indicate that strains 1-4-3T and 1-4-4 represent a novel species of the genus Aureimonas, for which we propose the name Aureimonas mangrovi sp. nov. The type strain is 1-4-3T (=LMG 31693T=CGMCC 1.18507T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tailândia , Áreas Alagadas
12.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4160, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230473

RESUMO

Nitrogen fixation has a critical role in marine primary production, yet our understanding of marine nitrogen-fixers (diazotrophs) is hindered by limited observations. Here, we report a quantitative image analysis pipeline combined with mapping of molecular markers for mining >2,000,000 images and >1300 metagenomes from surface, deep chlorophyll maximum and mesopelagic seawater samples across 6 size fractions (<0.2-2000 µm). We use this approach to characterise the diversity, abundance, biovolume and distribution of symbiotic, colony-forming and particle-associated diazotrophs at a global scale. We show that imaging and PCR-free molecular data are congruent. Sequence reads indicate diazotrophs are detected from the ultrasmall bacterioplankton (<0.2 µm) to mesoplankton (180-2000 µm) communities, while images predict numerous symbiotic and colony-forming diazotrophs (>20 µm). Using imaging and molecular data, we estimate that polyploidy can substantially affect gene abundances of symbiotic versus colony-forming diazotrophs. Our results support the canonical view that larger diazotrophs (>10 µm) dominate the tropical belts, while unicellular cyanobacterial and non-cyanobacterial diazotrophs are globally distributed in surface and mesopelagic layers. We describe co-occurring diazotrophic lineages of different lifestyles and identify high-density regions of diazotrophs in the global ocean. Overall, we provide an update of marine diazotroph biogeographical diversity and present a new bioimaging-bioinformatic workflow.


Assuntos
Impressão Molecular/métodos , Fixação de Nitrogênio/genética , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Água do Mar/química , Organismos Aquáticos , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/metabolismo , Cianobactérias/genética , Cianobactérias/metabolismo , Fixação de Nitrogênio/fisiologia , Oceanos e Mares , Filogenia , Plâncton/metabolismo , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Simbiose/genética , Simbiose/fisiologia
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287118

RESUMO

In this study, we reported a Gram-stain-negative, orange-coloured, rod-shaped, motile and faculatively anaerobic bacterium named strain PB63T, which was isolated from the deep-sea sediment from the Mariana Trench. Growth of PB63T occurred at 10-35 °C (optimum, 28 °C), pH 5.0-8.0 (optimum, 5.0-6.0) and with 0-7 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2-3 %). The results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that PB63T represented a member of the genus Novosphingopyxis and was closely related to Novosphingopyxis baekryungensis DSM 16222T (97.9 % sequence similarity). PB63T showed tolerance to a variety of heavy metals, including Co2+, Zn2+, Mn2+ and Cu2+. The complete genome of PB63T was obtained, and many genes involved in heavy metal resistance were found. The genomic DNA G+C content of PB63T was 62.8 mol%. The predominant respiratory quinone of PB63T was ubiquinone-10 (Q-10). The polar lipids of PB63T contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, sphingoglycolipid, glycolipid, phosphatidylcholines and three unidentified lipids. The major fatty acids of PB63T included summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c or/and C18 : 1ω6c), C14 : 0 2-OH, 11-methyl C18 : 1ω7c, C16 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) and C17 : 1ω6c. The results of phylogenetic, physiological, biochemical and morphological analyses indicated that strain PB63T represents a novel species of the genus Novosphingopyxis, and the name Novosphingopyxis iocasae sp. nov. is proposed with the type species PB63T (=CCTCC AB 2019195T=JCM 34178T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Sphingomonadaceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sphingomonadaceae/isolamento & purificação , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34292143

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-positive, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain YIM M12148T, was isolated from a marine sediment sample collected from the Indian Ocean. The strain grew optimally at 28 °C, pH 8.0 and in the presence of 1-3 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain YIM M12148T belongs to the genus Gulosibacter, with the highest sequence similarity to Gulosibacter faecalis NBRC 15706T (96.12 %). The cell-wall sugars of strain YIM M12148T were rhamnose, ribose, glucose and mannose. The predominant isoprenoid quinones were MK-8 and MK-9. The polar lipids consisted of major amounts of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, one unknown phospholipid and one unknown lipid. Major fatty acids (>5 % of the total) of the novel isolate were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C13 : 0 and anteiso-C13 : 0. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain YIM M12148T was 67.15 mol%. On the basis of genotypic and phenotypic data, it is apparent that strain YIM M12148T represents a novel species of the genus Gulosibacter, for which the name Gulosibacter sediminis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM M12148T (=KCTC 29660T=DSM 29154T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Índico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34292144

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-negative, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative, rod-shaped, non-flagellated, non-spore-forming and non-motile strains (YJ13CT and H41T) were isolated from a mariculture fishpond in PR China. Comparisons based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that YJ13CT and H41T shared 16S rRNA gene sequences similarities between 92.6 and 99.2 % with species of the genus Algoriphagus. YJ13CT only shared 93.8 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with H41T. The reconstructed phylogenetic and phylogenomic trees indicated that YJ13CT and H41T clustered closely with species of the genus Algoriphagus. The calculated pairwise orthologous average nucleotide identity with usearch (OrthoANIu) values between strains YJ13CT and H41T and other related strains were all less than 79.5 %. The OrthoANIu value between YJ13CT and H41T was only 69.9 %. MK-7 was the predominant respiratory quinone of YJ13CT and H41T and their major cellular fatty acids contained iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1 ω7c and C17 : 1 ω9c. The polar lipids profiles of YJ13CT and H41T consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine and several kinds of unidentified lipids. Combining the above descriptions, strains YJ13CT and H41T represent two distinct novel species of the genus Algoriphagus, for which the names Algoriphagus pacificus sp. nov. (type strain YJ13CT=GDMCC 1.2178T=KCTC 82450T) and Algoriphagus oliviformis sp. nov. (type strain H41T=GDMCC 1.2179T=KCTC 82451T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Aquicultura , Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , Lagoas/microbiologia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34292146

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterial strain (CAU 1508T) was isolated from marine sediment collected in the Republic of Korea. Growth was observed at 10-45 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 4.0-11.0 (optimum, pH 6.0-8.0) and with 0-8.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2-4 %). The isolate formed a monophyletic clade in the phylogenetic analyses using 16S rRNA gene and whole-genome sequences, exhibiting the highest similarity to Chachezhania antarctica SM1703T (96.5 %), and representing a distinct branch within the genus Chachezhania (family Rhodobacteraceae). Its whole genome sequence was 5.59 Mb long, with a G+C content of 65.7 mol% and 2183 predicted genes belonging to six functional categories. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between CAU 1508T and C. antarctica SM1703T were 79.1 and 22.2 %, respectively. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c/C18 : 1 ω6c). The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified phospholipids and one unidentified aminophospholipid. The sole isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone 10. Phenotypic phylogenetic properties supported the classification of CAU 1508T as representing a novel species of the genus Chachezhania, with the proposed name Chachezhania sediminis sp. nov. The type strain is CAU 1508T (=KCTC 62999T=NBRC 113697T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
17.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4085, 2021 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215729

RESUMO

Nitrogen ([Formula: see text]) fixation by heterotrophic bacteria associated with sinking particles contributes to marine N cycling, but a mechanistic understanding of its regulation and significance are not available. Here we develop a mathematical model for unicellular heterotrophic bacteria growing on sinking marine particles. These bacteria can fix [Formula: see text] under suitable environmental conditions. We find that the interactive effects of polysaccharide and polypeptide concentrations, sinking speed of particles, and surrounding [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] concentrations determine the [Formula: see text] fixation rate inside particles. [Formula: see text] fixation inside sinking particles is mainly fueled by [Formula: see text] respiration rather than [Formula: see text] respiration. Our model suggests that anaerobic processes, including heterotrophic [Formula: see text] fixation, can take place in anoxic microenvironments inside sinking particles even in fully oxygenated marine waters. The modelled [Formula: see text] fixation rates are similar to bulk rates measured in the aphotic ocean, and our study consequently suggests that particle-associated heterotrophic [Formula: see text] fixation contributes significantly to oceanic [Formula: see text] fixation.


Assuntos
Bactérias/metabolismo , Processos Heterotróficos/fisiologia , Fixação de Nitrogênio/fisiologia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Ecologia , Modelos Teóricos , Nitrogênio , Oceanos e Mares , Peptídeos , Polissacarídeos , Água do Mar/química , Temperatura
18.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4649, 2021 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330925

RESUMO

The bacterium Vibrio cholerae can colonize the human intestine and cause cholera, but spends much of its life cycle in seawater. The pathogen must adapt to substantial environmental changes when moving between seawater and the human intestine, including different availability of carbon sources such as fructose. Here, we use in vitro experiments as well as mouse intestinal colonization assays to study the mechanisms used by pandemic V. cholerae to adapt to these environmental changes. We show that a LacI-type regulator (FruI) and a fructose/H+ symporter (FruT) are important for fructose uptake at low fructose concentrations, as those found in seawater. FruT is downregulated by FruI, which is upregulated when O2 concentrations are low (as in the intestine) by ArcAB, a two-component system known to respond to changes in oxygen levels. As a result, the bacteria predominantly use FruT for fructose uptake under seawater conditions (low fructose, high O2), and use a known fructose phosphotransferase system (PTS, Fpr) for fructose uptake under conditions found in the intestine. PTS activity leads to reduced levels of intracellular cAMP, which in turn upregulate virulence genes. Our results indicate that the FruT/FruI system may be important for survival of pandemic V. cholerae in seawater.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Frutose/metabolismo , Simportadores/metabolismo , Vibrio cholerae/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Cólera/epidemiologia , Cólera/microbiologia , Feminino , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Genômica/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Viabilidade Microbiana/genética , Pandemias , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Ligação Proteica , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Simportadores/genética , Vibrio cholerae/genética , Vibrio cholerae/patogenicidade , Virulência/genética
19.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4361, 2021 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34272373

RESUMO

Marine microbes play a crucial role in climate regulation, biogeochemical cycles, and trophic networks. Unprecedented amounts of data on planktonic communities were recently collected, sparking a need for innovative data-driven methodologies to quantify and predict their ecosystemic functions. We reanalyze 885 marine metagenome-assembled genomes through a network-based approach and detect 233,756 protein functional clusters, from which 15% are functionally unannotated. We investigate all clusters' distributions across the global ocean through machine learning, identifying biogeographical provinces as the best predictors of protein functional clusters' abundance. The abundances of 14,585 clusters are predictable from the environmental context, including 1347 functionally unannotated clusters. We analyze the biogeography of these 14,585 clusters, identifying the Mediterranean Sea as an outlier in terms of protein functional clusters composition. Applicable to any set of sequences, our approach constitutes a step towards quantitative predictions of functional composition from the environmental context.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Metagenoma , Plâncton/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Archaea/genética , Bactérias/genética , Classificação , Aprendizado de Máquina , Mar Mediterrâneo , Filogenia , Filogeografia , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas
20.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4554, 2021 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315891

RESUMO

The planktonic synthesis of reduced organophosphorus molecules, such as alkylphosphonates and aminophosphonates, represents one half of a vast global oceanic phosphorus redox cycle. Whilst alkylphosphonates tend to accumulate in recalcitrant dissolved organic matter, aminophosphonates do not. Here, we identify three bacterial 2-aminoethylphosphonate (2AEP) transporters, named AepXVW, AepP and AepSTU, whose synthesis is independent of phosphate concentrations (phosphate-insensitive). AepXVW is found in diverse marine heterotrophs and is ubiquitously distributed in mesopelagic and epipelagic waters. Unlike the archetypal phosphonate binding protein, PhnD, AepX has high affinity and high specificity for 2AEP (Stappia stellulata AepX Kd 23 ± 4 nM; methylphosphonate Kd 3.4 ± 0.3 mM). In the global ocean, aepX is heavily transcribed (~100-fold>phnD) independently of phosphate and nitrogen concentrations. Collectively, our data identifies a mechanism responsible for a major oxidation process in the marine phosphorus redox cycle and suggests 2AEP may be an important source of regenerated phosphate and ammonium, which are required for oceanic primary production.


Assuntos
Ácido Aminoetilfosfônico/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/metabolismo , Minerais/metabolismo , Fósforo/metabolismo , Rhodobacteraceae/metabolismo , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Transporte Biológico , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Cinética , Oceanos e Mares , Oxirredução , Filogenia , Proteômica , Pseudomonas putida/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Rhodobacteraceae/genética
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...