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J Am Dent Assoc ; 151(8): 637-638, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718493
J Am Dent Assoc ; 151(4): 305-306, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222179
Gen Dent ; 68(2): 8-10, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32105218
J Dent Educ ; 84(5): 593-606, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31971630


BACKGROUND: A recent shift in educational components within healthcare has pushed dentistry toward a greater understanding of the role of social components on oral health. There has also been an increased awareness of inappropriate conduct among dental students. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A scoping review was conducted to determine if, how, and when social-justice-oriented education has been incorporated into dental curricula worldwide. A systematic and reiterative search of articles was performed on February 22, 2018, and combined quantitative and qualitative synthesis of data. An updated search was done on September 26, 2019. PRIMARY RESULTS: Seventy-three studies were evaluated: 46 quantitative (63%), 24 qualitative (33%), 3 multimethods (4%). The majority used self-reported surveys and questionnaires (66%), while the remaining used interviews (9.5%), student reflections (16%) and focus groups (5.5%). Studies included dental students only (78%); dental students with dental hygiene students (5.5%) or faculty/staff (4.1%); dental students in year 1 (17%), year 2 (1.6%), year 3 (1.6%), year 4 (14.2%); first- and second-year students (3%); third- and fourth-year students (1.6%); all years of study (20%); and academic year not specified (41%). The study areas included "learning in dental school," "experiencing dental school," "focusing on cultural competency," and "addressing dental ethics and social responsibility." PRINCIPAL CONCLUSIONS: Three major research gaps were identified: no discussion of a social contract between dentists and society, no explicit social justice-oriented topics within undergraduate dental curricula, and no standardized tool to measure these topics. Further research is necessary to understand how such topics can be included in dental curricula to form socially competent dentists.

Currículo , Justiça Social , Competência Cultural , Ética Odontológica , Humanos , Estudantes de Odontologia
Rev. ADM ; 76(5): 282-286, sept.-oct. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053300


La odontología, como una de las ciencias de la salud, incorpora los avances de la bioética en sus conocimientos y técnicas. Sin embargo, esta incorporación en el ejercicio profesional de los odontólogos se ha dado a partir de su propio campo de acción a diferencia de otros profesionales de la salud. La consecuencia de ello es que la visión y aplicación de los estomatólogos suele ser poco receptiva a las críticas y generada en ambientes muy controlados. La bioética implica el estudio sistemático y profundo de la conducta humana en el campo de las ciencias de la salud, misma que se basa en los valores y principios morales, es una disciplina importante para la formación del personal de salud para crear conciencia en la aplicación de los conocimientos. Nuestras profesiones tienen como fi nalidad comprender que cada individuo es único y no solamente nos dedicamos al desempeño clínico y del cuidado de la boca, sino a lograr una mejor calidad de vida en los pacientes (AU)

Odontology, as one of the health sciences, incorporates the advances of bioethics in this knowledge and techniques. However, this incorporation in the professional practice of dentist has been based on their own fi eld of action, unlike other health professionals. The consequence of this is that the vision and application of stomatologists is usually not very receptive to criticism and generated in very controlled enviroments. Bioethics involves the systematic and profund study if human behavior in the fi eld of health sciences which is based on moral values and principles is an important discipline for the training of health personnel to create awareness in the application of knowledge, our professions have the purpose of understanding that each individual is unique and not only dedicated to the clinical performance and care of the mouth but to achieve a better quality of life in patients (AU)

Humanos , Bioética , Ética Odontológica , Prática Profissional , Responsabilidade Legal , Padrões de Prática Odontológica , Doença Iatrogênica
Rev. ADM ; 76(4): 234-241, jul.-ago 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024069


Ética, moral y la deontología, se ocupan de un mismo objetivo: la valoración de lo bueno y de lo malo en la conducta humana. Sus enfoques del problema, no son totalmente iguales. La ética utiliza el análisis filosófico, ilumina el problema desde el ángulo axiológico, y a través de la especulación pura trata de establecer un deber ser de valor universal. La moral estudia las acciones humanas desde un punto de vista empírico, histórico, en la realidad de las diferentes culturas y teniendo en cuenta la diversidad de su idiosincrasia, trata de establecer juicios de valor adecuados a tales circunstancias. La deontología, fluctuando entre la ética y la moral y basándose en las conclusiones de ambas, se propone establecer las normas concretas que deben regir la conducta en situaciones determinadas, como puede ser el ejercicio de una profesión. La bioética establece los conceptos morales, éticos y racionales derivados en la interdisciplina de la ciencia y la biomedicina (AU)

Ethics, Moral and deontology, deal with the same objective: The assessment of good and evil in human behavior. Their approaches to the problem are not totally the same. Ethics uses philosophical analysis, illuminates the problem from the axiological angle, and through pure speculation tries to establish a duty of universal value. Morality studies human actions from an empirical, historical point of view, in the reality of different cultures and taking into account the diversity of their idiosyncrasy, tries to establish value judgments appropriate to such circumstances. Deontology, fluctuating between ethics and morals and based on the conclusions of both, it is proposed to establish the specific rules that should govern behavior in certain situations, such as the exercise of a profession. Bioethics establishes the moral, ethical and rational concepts derived in the interdiscipline of science and biomedicine (AU)

Sociedades Odontológicas , Códigos de Ética , Ética Odontológica , Prática Profissional/ética , Bioética , Teoria Ética , México , Moral
J Dent Educ ; 83(10): 1174-1198, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31285365


Health humanities usually includes such disciplines as philosophy, ethics, history, literature, performing arts, and cultural anthropology. The aims of this scoping review were, first, to search the published literature for references to the humanities in predoctoral dental education and, second, to determine if any research studies found that introducing humanities in dental education improved the overall profile of dental graduates. Literature searches were run in Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, ERIC, CINAHL, and Dentistry and Oral Sciences Source. A total of 248 articles were included in the review, with inclusion criteria comprising the areas of the curriculum, the scope of humanities, and predoctoral dental education. Of those articles, 101 referred in a targeted way to ethics in predoctoral dental education, while others mainly referred to the humanities in general or pointed out the role and place of humanities topics in predoctoral dental curricula. Topics covered included professional ethics, music, narrative learning, theater, art, communication skills, empathy, emotional intelligence, and cultural competence in the context of general humanistic education. The review found limited evidence of a clear impact, either short-term or long-term, of humanities education in predoctoral dental education. Reflections on humanistic education in the practice of clinical dentistry were sparse, as mainly documented by development of the ideal dentist-patient relationship, enhancement of empathy for patients, and most importantly, construction of professional moral values.

Currículo , Educação em Odontologia , Ética Odontológica , Ciências Humanas , Arte , Comunicação , Competência Cultural , Relações Dentista-Paciente , Inteligência Emocional , Empatia , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Música
J Dent Educ ; 83(7 Suppl): S7-S9, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262733
Aust Dent J ; 64(3): 208-212, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264231


The development of the law of consent has led to much discussion within the dental literature as to how these changes might impact practice. The move from a practitioner-focused standard of consent to a patient-focused standard has altered the nature of the framework required to support a patient's decision-making to avoid an allegation or finding of a negligent consent process. Contrastingly, there has been little in the way of exploration as to how the law of battery (in civil matters) and assault (in criminal cases), where consent is entirely absent, might apply to dentistry and the practice of the profession. This article considers the law of consent, using several key examples from dentistry, as well as providing an update of recent case law of relevance to dental practice.

Odontologia , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido , Imperícia , Ética Odontológica , Humanos
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 107(2): 39-41, abr.-jun. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015399


Desde su nacimiento en los años setenta, la bioética ha entrado de forma definitiva en el mundo de las ciencias de la salud. Su papel es multifacético, pero es trascendental en cuanto a los pilares normativos y éticos necesarios en la investigación científica. La unión entre ambos mundos, el científico y el humanístico, fue necesaria para proponer una reflexión filosófica frente a los crecientes problemas que se venían suscitando con el devenir del interminable desarrollo tecnológico y que enfrentaban los profesionales sanitarios. La constitución de un comité de ética es un elemento cardinal en el contralor de las actividades de investigación, y un apoyo legal, ético y técnico ante los conflictos de orden moral que pudiese haber en la práctica odontológica (AU)

Since its beginnings in the sixties, bioethics has definitely been part of the health sciences world. Its role is multifaceted, but it is transcendental in terms of the normative and ethical statments necessary in scientific research. The marriage between the scientific and the humanistic worlds was necessary to provide a philosophical reflection to address the increasing problems that the endless advent of technological development was posing and health professionals were facing. The building of an ethics committee is a key feature for controlling research activities and for the legal ethical and technical support regarding moral conflicts that may occur in the practice of dentistry (AU)

Comissão de Ética , Pesquisa em Odontologia , Ciências da Saúde/educação , Ética Odontológica , Bioética
J Pak Med Assoc ; 69(4): 518-522, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31000856


OBJECTIVE: To develop an instrument for assessing the ethical sensitivity of freshly graduated dentists.. METHODS: This instrument development study was done at Sardar Begum Dental College, Peshawar, Pakistan, from September 2014 to April 2015. The instrument developed was the Dental Ethical Sensitivity Scale in accordance with the guidelines for the development of educational instruments. Data was obtained from freshly graduated dentists through the instrument containing vignettes related to three domains of ethics; beneficence, autonomy and confidentiality. Content validity index and Angoff's method were used to determine the validity and cut-off passing score respectively. Reliability analysis comprised internal consistency and test re-test. RESULTS: Of the 138 house officers approached, 107(77%) responded. Of them, 37(34.5%) were males and 70(65.4%) were females. The overall mean age was 23.7±1. 1 years. Overall, 51(47.6%) subjects were ethically sensitive whereas 50(46.7%) were partially sensitive and 6(5.6%) were insensitive. The CVI for the instrument was 0.8; cutoff score was 83%; internal consistency was 0.63; and test re-test reliability was 0.71. Relation between ethical sensitivity, gender and class attendance of the participants was insignificant (p>0.05 each). Conclusion: Dental Ethical Sensitivity Scale was found to be effective in providing a valid and reliable assessment instrument for measuring ethical sensitivity of freshly graduated dentists.

Beneficência , Confidencialidade/ética , Odontólogos/ética , Autonomia Pessoal , Competência Profissional , Adulto , Ética Odontológica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem