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1.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(7): 2625-2634, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231675

RESUMO

This study aimed to analyze the association of socioeconomic factors with the prevalence of dental caries in adolescents from São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil, to answer whether social inequalities persist in distributing this disease. This is a cross-sectional study nested in a prospective cohort. We included 2,413 adolescents aged 18-19 years evaluated in the 2016 second follow-up. The outcome was teeth with untreated dental caries (yes or no) assessed by the DMFT index. Socioeconomic and demographic characteristics were the independent variables. Descriptive statistical and Poisson regression analyses were performed, calculating crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PRs) (alpha=5%). Belonging to economic classes C (PR=1.23; 95% CI: 1.11-1.37) or D-E (PR=1.48; 95% CI: 1.32-1.65), being married/living with a partner (PR=1.22; 95% CI: 1.07-1.39), having separated parents (PR=1.11; 95% CI 1.03-1.19) and a greater number of people in the household (PR=1.05; 95% CI: 1.03-1.07) were associated with a higher prevalence of dental caries. Social inequalities in adolescent oral health persist despite the implementation of the National Oral Health Policy. The current health care model should seek to reorient health education strategies, targeting them at vulnerable populations.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
2.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(7): 2635-2642, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231676

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the prevalence of tooth loss and associated factors in institutionalized adolescents. This cross-sectional study included 68 male adolescents incarcerated from Socio-Educational Assistance Center (CASE) aged between 15 and 19 years. Questionnaires were applied individually to assess sociodemographical, economical, medical, behavioral and oral health self-perception variables. All present teeth were evaluated by Decay, Missing, Filling (DMF) Index. The prevalence of tooth loss was analyzed in individuals with ≥1 tooth loss. Associations between tooth loss and exposure variables studied were analyzed by Poisson Regression with robust variance estimation. The prevalence of tooth loss was 47.06%. First molars in the mandible and maxilla and central incisor in the maxilla were the most absent teeth. In the multivariate model, number of decayed teeth, and those that reported daily use of medication were associated with higher tooth loss. Besides, tooth loss was associated with decayed tooth and daily use of medication. Oral health promotion and treatment should be implemented in these institutions to reduce the prevalence of dental loss in these adolescents.


Assuntos
Adolescente Institucionalizado , Cárie Dentária , Perda de Dente , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 333, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229689

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An association between childhood anthropometric measurements and dental caries is conflicting. The prevalence and severity of dental caries and its association with anthropometric and behavioural factors, were investigated among Finnish teenagers. METHODS: The study sample comprised 202 15-17-year-old participants in the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children (PANIC) Study. Dental caries findings were recorded using International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) criteria, including activity estimation; numbers of decayed teeth (DT) and decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) were recorded. Body weight, height and waist circumference were measured and respective body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Body fat percentage was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Health-related behaviours and consumption of food and drinks were assessed using questionnaires, and intake of nutrients using a 4-day food record. RESULTS: Mean DMFT for all the participants was 2.4 (SD = 2.9), DT 0.6 (SD = 1.3), and 36% had DMFT = 0. No difference between genders was observed. In bivariate analyses, use of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) three times or less per week and not having used snuff associated significantly, whereas higher carbohydrate intake (E%), toothbrushing less often than twice a day and higher caries experience at baseline almost significantly with DT > 0. In adjusted regression analyses, frequent use of SSB and higher carbohydrate intake increased the odds for DT > 0. Additionally, higher carbohydrate intake (E%) and infrequent tooth brushing significantly associated with a higher number of DT. CONCLUSION: Caries prevalence is still low and similar in Finnish teenage girls and boys. Behavioural factors are, but anthropometric factors are not associated with dental caries.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Dieta , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência
4.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e067, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34133580

RESUMO

Dental caries remains a major public health problem, with a higher prevalence among in adolescence. The present study aimed to assess the dental caries spectrum profile in children and adolescents in Brazilian public schools. A cross-sectional study was performed in two public schools in Brazil to examine the permanent teeth of children and adolescents. The dental caries were assessed by applying the Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) instrument, and the results were distributed as per disease status (healthy/codes 0-2; pre-morbidity/code 3; morbidity/code 4-5; severe morbidity/codes 6-7; mortality/code 8) and by severity as per the CAST-F1 formula (no severity, mild, moderate, and severe). The CAST data were described by age groups (8-9 y, 10-11 y, 12-13 y, 14-15 y, 16-17 y, and 18-19 y). The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to investigate differences in CAST prevalence and severity among the groups (p < 0.05). Total 598 students were enrolled. Most of the subjects were male (53.34%) and belonged to the age group of 12-13 y (34.95%). The variables CAST 0/1 (p = 0.024), CAST (p = 0.024), and CAST-F1 (p = 0.029) showed significant differences among age groups, and the post hoc test showed the differences in these variables as per the age groups of 14-15 y and 16-17 y (CAST 0/1, p = 0.047; CAST, p = 0.047; CAST-F1, p = 0.033). The dental caries spectrum increased from 8 to 19 y with a peak in the prevalence and severity in the middle of adolescence.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Instituições Acadêmicas
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(22): e23820, 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087818

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: This study aims to describe the occurrence, severity degree, and correlated risk factors of dental fluorosis among the 12-year-old schoolchildren of Jilin, China.We conducted a cross-sectional, observational, and descriptive study among 960 12-year-old schoolchildren in Jilin. The Dean index was utilized to evaluate the severity degree of dental fluorosis. A questionnaire was sent to the guardians of children. Community fluorosis index was measured to estimate the importance of enamel fluorosis for the whole population's public health. The logistic regression analysis was also utilized to identify the correlation between fluorotic teeth and the independent variables.Nine hundred sixty children were assessed. Among them, 480 (50%) were female. 30.5% of subjects had dental fluorosis, 7.19% had very mild dental fluorosis, 10.73% experienced mild dental fluorosis, 9.58% suffered moderate dental fluorosis, and 3.02% encountered severe dental fluorosis. The overall community fluorosis index was 0.73. The results of logistic regression showed that schoolchildren who brushed teeth more frequently (OR: 2.012, 95% CI 1.767-2.342), deficiency of parental supervision (OR: 4.219, 95% CI 3.887-4.573), and lived in rural areas (OR: 2.776, 95% CI 2.163-3.489) were more correlated with enamel fluorosis. Moreover, schoolchildren whose mothers or fathers were of high education level (OR: 0.336, 95% CI 0.217-0.413 and 0.346, 95% CI 0.113-0.512) and only child (OR: 0.378, 95% CI 0.213-0.415) were protective factors for dental fluorosis.In the Jilin province of China, the risk indicators for dental fluorosis include rural areas, more frequency of brushing, low educational background of parents, and deficiency of parental supervision.


Assuntos
Fluorose Dentária/epidemiologia , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Características de Residência , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Socioeconômicos
6.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34097073

RESUMO

To describe the current epidemiological trends in the dental caries experiences of children in Germany, oral health data was primarily presented on the basis of the Epidemiological Studies Accompanying Group Prophylaxis (DAJ study) for the 2015/16 schoolyear. Caries data of 301,684 children from three different age groups were available. The trends in caries development were based on previous national and regional studies conducted in Germany.Caries in the primary dentition occur very early (approx. 10-17% of 3­year-olds) and are still widespread among 6­ to 7­year-olds (approx. 40-60%). The proportion of unrestored decayed primary teeth is very high (3-year-olds: 73.9%; 6 to 7­year-olds: 42.5%). There has also been no significant improvement among 6­ to 7­year-olds in the last 10 years. The values for the 3­year-olds that were nationally examined for the first time in the DAJ study are in the range of previous regional studies from recent decades. Caries prevalence among the 6­ to 7­year-olds shows a regional convergence. Among the 12-year-olds, mean caries experience in the permanent dentition has fallen by about 80% in the last 20 years. Regarding oral health in this age group, Germany ranks highest among countries worldwide.There is still a substantial need for oral health improvement in the primary dentition of children in Germany. Recently implemented preventive measures already focus on tackling this problem. Further improvements in caries prevention similar to those in the permanent dentition are feasible and expected.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Saúde Bucal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prevalência
7.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34143252

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, there is no comprehensive presentation of trends in oral diseases in the German general population over the last 20 years. OBJECTIVES: How did prevalences of caries, periodontitis, and tooth loss and their determinants change in Germany between 1997 and 2014? MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analysed data from 35- to 44-year-olds and 65- to 74-year-olds from the German Oral Health Studies ("Deutsche Mundgesundheitsstudien" [DMS]) III to V and of 25- to 74-year-olds from the Studies of Health in Pomerania (SHIP­0 and SHIP-Trend-0). The decayed, missing, filled teeth index (DMFT), the number of sound teeth, the community periodontal index (CPI), and data on tooth count and edentulism were analysed. RESULTS: Regarding determinants, an increase in subjects with high school education, a slight decrease in smokers, and an increase in better oral hygiene patterns was observed in both studies. In 35- to 44-year-olds, the number of sound teeth increased from 11.9 in DMS III to 16.8 in DMS V, while in 65- to 74-year-olds the number of sound teeth increased by 5.9. A similar trend was observed in SHIP. In DMS, the prevalence of the highest CPI score of 4 decreased from 9.3% to 3.5% in 35- to 44-year-olds; in 65- to 74-year-olds, the 2014 prevalence was at the same level as in 1997 (10.5% and 9.8%). In parallel, the percentage of edentulous 65- to 74-year-olds halved in both studies. The number of teeth increased across all age strata. CONCLUSIONS: DMS and SHIP consistently showed an increase in the number of healthy teeth free of fillings, a slight reduction of subjects with a CPI score of 4, more tooth retention, and less edentulism. Because of more tooth retention and current demographic changes, higher periodontal treatment needs might be expected for the future.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Perda de Dente , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Prevalência , Perda de Dente/epidemiologia
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34063674

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of adolescents with severe caries to analyze the prevalence of caries and to visualize the unequal distribution. Data from three epidemiological studies (10- and 15-year-olds: GINIplus and LISA cohorts in Munich, Bavaria; 12-year-olds: LAGZ survey in Bavaria, Germany) with 2875 adolescents were available for analysis. All individuals were examined according to the WHO standard. Statistics included the calculation of mean dmft/DMFT values (standard deviation), Significant Caries Index (SiC) values, Specific Affected Caries Index (SaC) values, and Lorenz curves. Overall caries-free status was 58.6% in primary and 83.9% in secondary teeth (10-year-olds), 61.5% (12-year-olds), and 64.6% (15-year-olds). The proportion of 12- and 15-year-olds with at least four DMFTs was 9.4% and 8.3%, respectively. In addition, eight 15-year-olds with DMFT values ≥8 (0.6%) were registered. The SaC/SiC values amounted to 1.8/0.9 DMFT (10-year-olds), 2.6/2.8 DMFT (12-year-olds), and 2.5/2.5 DMFT (15-year-olds). The mean DMFT values in the upper 1% of subjects were 4.2 DMFT (10-year-olds), 8.5 DMFT (12-year-olds), and 8.5 DMFT (15-year-olds). Thus, caries is not equally distributed throughout adolescence, but individuals with severe caries are rare. Nevertheless, further interdisciplinary research seems to be needed to clarify potential risk factors.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Cárie Dentária , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
9.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34125288

RESUMO

In 1996, the German Dental Association (BZÄK) defined oral health goals for the dental profession in Germany for the first time. The third revision of the goals for the year 2030 is now based on new oral epidemiological studies. The formerly tooth-oriented focus of the objectives has been expanded to include both disease-related as well as oral health-promoting and preventive objective areas in the sense of an integrative perspective of primary, secondary and tertiary prevention. This paper presents a sample of the updated oral health goals specifically related to the reduction of caries in children and periodontal disease in adults, but also to the improvement of oral health behaviour of the population and the implementation of group prophylactic measures. The current situation is assessed and recommendations for action are made.By 2030, the primary dentition of 3­year-olds should be at least 90% caries-free. A dmft-value (caries index of the primary dentition) of maximum 0.4 is being targeted. The permanent teeth of 12-year-olds should also be at least 90% caries-free, and the DMFT (caries index of the permanent teeth) should be kept at 0.5. Severe periodontal diseases are to be reduced to 10% in 35-44-year-olds and to 20% in 65-74-year-olds; the 2020 goals in this regard are thus adressed once again. The oral health behaviour of the population should be further improved and group prophylactic measures strengthened.The basis for achieving the 2030 oral health goals is the commitment of the relevant actors in the health system and health policy as well as an appropriate use of resources.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Periodontite , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Objetivos , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Prevalência
10.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 320, 2021 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34172041

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to assess the caries experience and associated factors and its impact on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among 6-year-old Libyan children. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey including 706 six-year-old children was conducted in 2017 in Benghazi, Libya. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire assessing socioeconomic status and oral health behaviours, and the Arabic version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (A-ECOHIS) to assess the OHRQoL. Clinical examination assessed caries experience at tooth level (dmft) and the number of decayed, missing due to caries and filled teeth (dt, mt and ft). Poisson regression analysis was performed to determine the association between dmft scores and the independent predictors. Linear regression analysis was conducted for ECOHIS scores with the children's gender, SES and OHB. The statistical significance was set to ≤ 0.05. RESULTS: Data were available for 706 children. Caries prevalence (dt) and dmft of ≥ 1 were 69.1% and 71% respectively. The mean ± SD dmft score was 3.23 ± 3.32. There was a significant and direct association between dmft scores and daily consumption of sugary snacks (B = 1.27, P = 0.011) and a significant inverse association with teethbrushing twice daily (B = 0.80, P = 0.041). There was a significant and direct association between A-ECOHIS and dmft (B = 1.14, P ≤ 0.001) and a significant and inverse association between A- ECOHIS and high and intermediate family income compared to low income (B = -3.82, P = 0.0001 and B = -2.06, P = 0.028). CONCLUSIONS: 6-year-old Libyan children had a relatively high caries experience an untreated decay with impact on OHRQoL. Social disparities, sugar consumption patterns and oral hygiene practices were associated with high caries experience.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Qualidade de Vida , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34065719

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the oral health status of Hani 12-year-old children in Yunnan, a province in Southwest China. METHOD: This study employed a multistage sampling method to recruit children from local primary schools. Two calibrated dentists examined the status of dental caries, gingival bleeding and dental fluorosis by adopting the diagnosis criteria recommended by the World Health Organization. A self-administrated questionnaire was distributed. The chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression were conducted. RESULTS: This study invited 480 Hani children, and recruited 413 children (52% boys) (response rate: 86%). The dental caries prevalence was 52%, and the caries experience associated with the mean (standard deviation) decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) score was 1.10 (1.46). Gingival bleeding was diagnosed in 252 children (61%), and dental fluorosis was found in two children (0.5%). The results of the regression model indicated the prevalence of dental caries were associated with sugary snacking habits (p = 0.002). The prevalence of gingival bleeding was related to the mother's education level as well as the child's monthly pocket money (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Dental caries and gingival bleeding were prevalent among 12-year-old Hani children in the Yunnan province in China. Dental fluorosis was uncommon.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Saúde Bucal , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência
12.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e076, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161413

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to identify if the prevalence of dental pain (past and / or present) is associated with caries experience in Mexican children, as well as to characterize factors associated with dental pain. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a consecutive sample of 309 children 2 to 12 years old who were patients at a dental school clinic in Toluca, Mexico. Data were collected from clinical records. The dependent variable had three categories: 0 = have never had dental pain, 1 = had dental pain before the appointment, and 2 = current dental pain. Non-parametric statistical tests were used in the analysis. A multivariate multinomial logistic regression model was generated in Stata 11.0. Average age was 5.71 ± 2.43 years and 50.8% were boys. The joint dmft+DMFT index was 9.11 ± 4.19. It was observed that 56.6% of children did not report having experienced dental pain, 30.7% reported having previously had dental pain, and 12.6% had pain when the clinical appointment took place. In the multivariate model, variables associated (p < .05) with previous dental pain were age (OR = 1.13); the dmft + DMFT index (OR = 1.13), having had a last dental visit for curative/emergency reasons (OR = 2.41) and prior experience of dental trauma (OR = 2.59). For current pain, only the joint dmft + DMFT index (OR = 1.10, p < 0.05) had significant associations. Almost half of the children had experienced dental pain in their lifetime. Since caries experience is a factor associated with dental pain, decreasing caries levels may ameliorate suffering from dental pain in children.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Cárie Dentária , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Dor , Prevalência
13.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e078, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161415

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the discriminant validity of the Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) at different thresholds, compared with the Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth Index (dmf) instrument, to discriminate caries risk factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted including children aged 2-5 years from preschools in Southern Brazil. Parents answered a questionnaire, and children were clinically examined using the CAST instrument and, in the following weeks, using the dmf index. Two caries thresholds were adopted for CAST: caries in dentin (CAST4-7/CAST2,4-8) and enamel caries (CAST3-7/CAST2-8). Poisson regression was used in the analysis (p < 0.05). A total of 200 children were included. The prevalence of caries was 47.0% with dmf, 42.5% with CAST4-7, and 77.5% with CAST3-7. When the outcome was caries prevalence, CAST4-7 discriminated between sexes, household crowding, and dental pain, and CAST3-7 discriminated age and family income, while the dmf was associated with dental pain. When experience of caries was the outcome, all the criteria discriminated between sexes, age, family income, household overcrowding, visible dental plaque, and dental pain, while dmf and CAST2-8 also discriminated maternal schooling. The CAST discriminated caries risk factors similar to the dmf index when caries experience was the outcome. When prevalence was considered, CAST was able to discriminate for more individual characteristics than dmf.


Assuntos
Aglomeração , Cárie Dentária , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Características da Família , Humanos , Prevalência , Dente Decíduo
14.
Int Dent J ; 71(3): 206-213, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024330

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of dental pain with time living on the street in a sample of homeless people in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with homeless people who accessed social services in 2017. A questionnaire was administered covering socioeconomic variables and including questions about general health, use of tobacco/alcohol/drugs, use of dental services and history of dental pain. The decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index was calculated in an oral examination. The association between socioeconomic characteristics, health status, time of homelessness and dental pain was evaluated using chi-square, t-, and Mann-Whitney tests. RESULTS: A total sample of 214 homeless people was surveyed. Most were male (76.2%), had a low level of education (67.6%) and experienced many episodes of dental pain during life (91.0%). The last episode of pain was moderate or intense (79.7%) and do-it-yourself measures for pain relief were preferred (62.3%). Individuals who were homeless for longer than 1 year had more dental pain in the past (P < 0.001), more frequency of a recent episode of dental pain (P = 0.03), and sought a dentist or healthcare service to relieve pain less frequently (P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Dental pain is frequent in the context of homelessness and does not necessarily result in seeking dental services, even where there is universal oral health care.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Pessoas em Situação de Rua , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Dor
15.
Int Dent J ; 71(3): 214-223, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024331

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study caries prevalence/severity in 12-year-old children in Latvia and potential risk indicators. METHODS: A cross-sectional oral-health national survey of 12-year-old children was conducted in 2016. A nationally representative stratified-cluster probabilistic sample of 2,138 pupils in 92 schools was selected. Children were examined by seven calibrated examiners (kappa inter-examiner, intra-examiner scores of 0.71-0.77, 0.81-0.97, respectively) at school. Enamel-non-cavitated decay (D1), enamel cavitation (D3), dentine cavitation (D5), missing (M) or filled (F) status at the tooth (T)/surface (S) levels were evaluated, and decayed, missing, and filled (DMF) index scores for severity, along with the Significant Caries Index (SiC), were calculated. An associated caries factor questionnaire was completed by participants. RESULTS: The prevalence of caries was 98.5% for D1MFT, 79.7% for D3MFT, and 71.9% for D5MFT. The means (standard deviations) for severity were 9.2 (5.3) for D1MFT, 3.3 (3.0) for D3MFT, and 2.4 (2.4) for D5MFT, and 5.6 (2.1) for the SiC. Indicators associated with a lower risk of caries (D5MFT) were irregular dental visits (prevalence odds ratio POR = 0.45, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.36, 0.56) and irregular use of mouthwashes (POR = 0.73, 95% CI: 0.60, 0.89). CONCLUSIONS: We found a high caries prevalence and severity in 12 year-old children in Latvia. Although the WHO target for 2010 (D5MFT ≤ 3) is met, the values for caries prevalence (D5MFT > 0 = 71.9%) and severity (D5MFT = 2.5) in 12-year-old Latvian children are higher than the European averages (D5MFT > 0 = 52%, D5MFT = 1.1).


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Cárie Dentária , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Humanos , Letônia/epidemiologia , Prevalência
16.
J Evid Based Dent Pract ; 21(1): 101496, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34051961

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The association between dental caries, salivary alterations, and type-1 diabetes mellitus (D1TM) remains inconclusive in children and adolescents. This systematic review evaluated the caries status and salivary alterations of children and adolescents suffering from D1TM. METHODS: Meta-analysis searched from 5 electronic databases was performed considering the decay-missing-filled teeth (DMFT), decay-missing-filled surfaces, and decay-missing-filled primary teeth (dmft) index for caries and the stimulated flow rate, unstimulated flow rate, and buffering capacity for salivary alterations. Quality assessments were performed using the Healthcare Research and Quality Agency. RESULTS: Eleven studies satisfied the eligibility criteria. The meta-analysis revealed that DMF(T) (0.61; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.14-1.08, P = .01) and dmft (-0.43; 95% CI, -0.71 to -0.15, P = .002) were significantly higher in D1TM group than the non-D1TM group. Stimulated flow rate (-0.40; 95% CI, -0.57 to -0.23, P < .00001) was significantly lower in D1TM group than in the non-D1TM group. No significant differences in decay-missing-filled surfaces and the buffering capacity were observed between the D1TM and the non-D1TM groups. CONCLUSIONS: The level of DMF(T) and dmft was higher in children/adolescents with D1TM than that with non-D1TM, and the salivary flow could be considered decreased with D1TM. The strength of the evidence of the studies analyzed, however, was deemed to be moderate and low.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Adolescente , Criança , Índice CPO , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Humanos , Saliva , Dente Decíduo
17.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 224, 2021 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In many developing countries, the prevalence of dental caries has increased due to lifestyle changes, lack of preventive services, and inadequate access to dental care. In Arab countries, the increased prevalence of caries has correlated with economic growth over the past decades, resulting in greater access to unhealthy foods and higher consumption of sugar, particularly among children. However, few studies have assessed caries prevalence among pediatric populations in Arab countries. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of dental caries and factors associated with caries among children in Tripoli, Libya. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a convenience sample of 1934 children in first grade (age 6-7 years, n = 1000) and seventh grade (age 11-12 years, n = 934). Four health centers in Tripoli were selected for screening based on location and participation in school-entry health examinations. Data were collected through self-administered parent surveys and visual dental screenings by trained examiners from September 24 to October 15, 2019. The survey comprised questions about socioeconomic characteristics and oral health behaviors, including toothbrushing, sugar consumption, and dental care history. During screenings, untreated decay, missing teeth, and filled teeth (DMFT or dmft) were recorded. Prevalence of tooth decay was calculated as the proportion of children with high DMFT/dmft scores. Binary logistic and negative binomial regression analyses (with significance at p ≤ 0.05) were used to assess factors associated with caries. RESULTS: Among 1000 first-grade children, 78.0% had decay in their primary teeth, with a mean dmft of 3.7. Among 934 seventh-grade children, 48.2% had caries in their permanent teeth, with a mean DMFT of 1.7. The most significant factors associated with caries prevalence were socioeconomic, such as screening site (first grade, p = 0.02; seventh grade, p < 0.001) and maternal employment (seventh grade, p = 0.02), and behavioral, such as toothbrushing duration (seventh grade, p = 0.01), past dental treatment (both grades, p < 0.001), and past emergency visit (both grades, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Caries prevalence was associated with several behavioral and socioeconomic factors, including screening site, maternal employment, toothbrushing duration, past dental treatment, and past emergency visit. Efforts should be made to address these factors to minimize barriers and improve oral health behavior and care utilization. These findings can be used to evaluate current public health initiatives and inform future planning.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Humanos , Líbia/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Instituições Acadêmicas
18.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 229, 2021 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33941169

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between dental caries and periodontal disease is still controversial. The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between different types of caries and periodontal disease severity in middle-aged and elderly people in China. METHODS: The study population consisted of 4407 middle-aged and 4117 elderly subjects. Caries were divided into the following three types: type A, crown caries; type B, lesions involving both the crown and root, representing mixed-type caries; and type C, root caries. These three types together represent the overall caries situation, which we call type ABC. Caries were quantitated by decayed and filled teeth (DFT index). Periodontitis was evaluated by clinical attachment loss. RESULTS: Middle-aged people with periodontitis had a significant association with DFT type B (OR: 1.21, 95% CI 1.17-1.25) and type C (OR: 1.40, 95% CI 1.24-1.56). Elderly people with periodontitis had a significant association with DFT type C (OR: 1.28, 95% CI 1.21-1.35). CONCLUSIONS: In China, caries types B/C were positively correlated with periodontitis in the middle-aged group, and only caries type C was positively correlated with periodontitis in the elderly group.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Doenças Periodontais , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Bucal , Doenças Periodontais/complicações , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia
19.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 237, 2021 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33947387

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental caries risk factors have been expanded to not only emphasize biology, dietary and oral habits but also broader social determinants such as socioeconomic factors and the utilization of health services. The aim was to review sociobehavioural/cultural and socioeconomic determinants of dental caries in children residing in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. METHODS: A search was conducted in the PubMed/Medline database and Google Scholar to identify studies published from 2000 to 2019 covering children using key search terms. In the initial stages, titles, abstracts and, if needed, full articles were screened for eligibility. In the final stage, all included articles were reassessed and read, and relevant data were extracted. RESULTS: Out of 600 initial articles, a total of 77 were included in this review, of which 74 were cross-sectional, 2 were longitudinal and one was a case-control study. The studies included a total of 94,491 participants in 14 countries across the MENA region. A majority used the World Health Organization scoring system to assess dental caries. The caries prevalence ranged between 17.2% and 88.8%, early childhood caries between 3% and 57% and decayed missing filled teeth (dmft) varied between 0.6 and 8.5 across the various age groups. Increased age, low maternal education, low overall socioeconomic status, decreased frequency of tooth brushing, low parental involvement, poor oral habits, infant feeding practices and sugar consumption were among the most prevalent determinants for increased risk of caries in the reviewed studies. CONCLUSIONS: Dental caries was found to be high among children in many of the studies published from MENA. The key determinants of dental caries were found to include factors related to child characteristics, family background, oral hygiene and infant feeding and eating habits. The high dental caries prevalence emphasises the need to address the prevailing modifiable sociobehavioural and socioeconomic determinants by translating them into effective oral health prevention policies and programmes.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , África do Norte/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Oriente Médio/epidemiologia , Prevalência
20.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 259, 2021 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33985489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are limited information on caries incidence, especially from developing countries, the aim of the present study was to explore caries incidence in the first permanent molar teeth according to the CAST index in 7- to 8-year-old-children and its socio-demographic, oral health related and diet determinants. METHODS: A multi-stage cluster random sample of 7-8 years old children was applied in Tehran, Iran. The oral examination using the CAST index and the Oral Hygiene Index-Simplified (OHI-S) performed by trained dentists in 2017 and 2019 calibrated with an expert (Kappa of 0.89 and 0.76, respectively). A 3-day food record was used to record sugary snacks consumption. Oral health related knowledge of the parents was assessed using a valid and reliable self-administered questionnaire. The data were analyzed using the SPSS software version 23.0 and descriptive and analytical statistics including the negative binomial regression was applied. RESULTS: Two hundred and ninety schoolchildren aged 7-8 years old were followed up for two years. All of them had complete data obtained via oral examination and questionnaires. The annual caries incidence rate was 0.16 and 53% (95% CI 47.4-58.9) of the children developed at least one new dental caries (enamel or dentine) during two years. Multi-variate analysis revealed that the children of mothers with high school education or diploma (IRR = 1.47, 95% CI 1.02-2.12; p = 0.04) and those with low socio-economic status (IRR = 1.86, 95% CI 1.27-2.73; p < 0.001) were more likely to develop caries. There was no significant association between gender, father's educational level, child birth order, housing area per person, OHI-S score, oral health knowledge of parents, and sugary snacks consumption per day and caries increment at an individual level. CONCLUSION: This 2-year longitudinal study on 7- to 8-year-old children showed that caries incidence according to the CAST index was associated with socio-economic status and mother education but not associated with having 2 or more sugary snack per day and oral hygiene status.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Humanos , Incidência , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Dente Molar , Higiene Bucal
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