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1.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 913-918, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047729

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the oral health status of children aged 3-12 in Shaoshan area of Hunan province and to evaluate the role of oral health educations based on community such as fluoride varnish, oral hygiene introduction in improving the oral health of children in the area so as to gain expe-rience. METHODS: The study used cluster sampling to select 3 kindergartens and 2 primary schools in different economic development areas of Shaoshan. Oral health status survey and interventions were conducted in December 2014 and September 2016, respectively. The average debris index, decayed missing filled teeth (deciduous teeth: dmft; permanent teeth: DMFT), and caries prevalence rate of children aged 3-6 years and 6-12 years were compared. At the same time, children aged 5 and 12 were used as representative populations to compare the indices as listed before and the caries prevalence rate of the first permanent molar in 12-year-old children was compared as well. Finally, health economic analysis was carried out based on the 2 years' result. RESULTS: In this study, 992 children and 896 children in 2014 and 2016 were included respectively. As for children aged 3-6 years, the average debris index and dmft in 2016 were significantly less than that in 2014 (P < 0.001, P < 0.001), and the difference of DMFT was not significant (P=0.419). Children aged 6-12 years showed the same result, the average debris index and dmft in 2016 were significantly less than those in 2014 (P < 0.001, P=0.013), and the difference in DMFT was not significant (P=0.674). 173 and 179 5-year-old children were included in 2014 and 2016 respectively, and the dmft showed significant difference (P=0.038); the caries prevalence rate was 75.7% and 71.5%, respectively, which was also not significant (P=0.370). With respect to the 12-year-old children, 65 and 104 children were included and the differences in dmft and DMFT were not significant (P=0.133, P=0.171). The caries prevalence of the first permanent molar in the 12-year-old children was 36.9% and 26.9%, whose difference was not significant (P=0.171). CONCLUSION: The application of fluoride varnish and oral health education can significantly reduce the dmft of children aged 3-12 years in Shaoshan area and significantly improve the oral hygiene status. DMFT, the caries prevalence rate of 5-year-old children's deciduous teeth and 12-year-old children's first permanent molar showed a decline.


Assuntos
Fluoretos , Saúde Bucal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Índice CPO , Humanos , Dente Molar , Prevalência
2.
Evid Based Dent ; 21(3): 102-103, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978542

RESUMO

Design A prospective cohort study.Exposure/sample selection In 2005/2006, the authors analysed data from participants in a previous oral epidemiological study conducted in 1988/1989. Children whom were clinically examined in the School Dental Clinics in South Australia in 1988/1989 were invited to a follow-up in 2005/2006. Respondents competed a questionnaire concerning their sociodemographic characteristics, dental health behaviours and the receipt of orthodontic treatment, and were invited for a clinical examination. Oral health information concerning decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) and occlusal status using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) were recorded by multiple trained calibrated dentists in accordance with the NIDR procedures. The study obtained ethical approval from the University of Adelaide and maintained informed consent at each stage of the study.Data analysis Data analysis was performed independently by the principle researcher. Analysis involved descriptive statistics, frequency distribution and cross tabulation. Explanatory variables for orthodontic treatment and dental outcomes were investigated for each DAI category using negative binominal regression using the online computer programme 'effect size calculator'. The statistical analysis was preformed using IBM SPSS statistics version 24. All explanatory variables were introduced into the adjusted negative binominal regression models based on their statistical significance from multiple linear regression models, with the p value set at 0.05.Results The response rate for the questionnaire was 34% (n = 632), with 74% (n = 473) of those attending for clinical examination. After exclusions, 24% (n = 448) of those originally contacted participated. Statistically significant differences in clinical outcomes were observed between those who had and had not visited the dentist in the last two years. These outcomes included missing teeth (MT), filled teeth (FT) and a higher DMFT score. In addition, brushing at least twice daily was associated with fewer decayed teeth (DT) and MT (p <0.001). Increased MT was observed among individuals who had orthodontic treatment across all DAI categories except for participants with very severe malocclusion. In this group, there were significantly more MT among the untreated participants (p <0.001). Thirty-five percent (n = 157) of participants reported a history of orthodontic treatment by the age of 30. No statistically significant associations were found between orthodontic treatment and all aspects of DMFT using adjusted models for participant self-reported sociodemographics, dental health behaviours and malocclusion.Conclusions Caries experience does not correlate with previous orthodontic treatment. Sociodemographic variables and dental health behaviours have a greater impact, and are associated with long-term disease outcomes, including numbers of DMFT. Caries experience is also associated with educational attainment and income level, frequency of tooth brushing and dental office attendance. In summary, orthodontic treatment does not provide superior long-term dental health outcomes in relation to caries. The hypothesis that those with previous orthodontic treatment would have lower caries experience was rejected.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Austrália , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Índice CPO , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Austrália do Sul
3.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 693-699, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895651

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Few longitudinal studies on changes of decayed, missing, or filled teeth (DMFT) counts in a population have been reported. This study aimed to evaluate the changes in DMFT counts in Ljubljana citizens in a 30-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 238 dentate subjects that attended the third epidemiological study were invited. Ninety 45-95-year-old subjects (37.8%) responded to our invitation. Two (2.2%) edentulous subjects were excluded. Among the dentate subjects there were 28 men and 60 women. They were divided in six age groups with mean age of 45, 55, 65, 75, 85, and 95 years. The number of subjects in each age group was: 29, 12, 21, 18, 7, and 1, respectively. For evaluation of the state of teeth we used the DMFT index. RESULTS: The average DMFT value for 45-95-year-old population was 19.3. Mean DMFT counts in all comparable age groups (45-, 55- and 65-years) decreased in 30 years. In 45 year olds they decreased from 17.5 to 15.7, in 55-year-olds they decreased from 20.4 to 19.2, and in 65 year olds they decreased from 22.5 to 20.7. An increase of the average number of present teeth (for 6.4 teeth in average) from the first to the fourth study in subjects of the same age was seen. CONCLUSION: Dental health in Slovenia has improved in 30 years. Average DMFT counts in subjects of the same age (45-, 55- and 65-years) have decreased. Ljubljana citizens have less decayed, less missing and more filled teeth than 30 years ago.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice CPO , Assistência Odontológica , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Eslovênia
4.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 731-740, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895656

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the current prevalence of caries, gingival bleeding, calculus, and fluorosis and to determine the risk factors for caries in permanent teeth of 12-year-old students in Guangdong Province, China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 1920 12-year-old students in Guangdong Province. All participants were required to undergo an oral health examination. Information concerning the subjects' family background, dietary habits, and relevant oral health behaviour were collected in a structured questionnaire. Chi-squared tests, Wilcoxon rank-sum tests, and the logistic regression model were used in the statistical analysis. RESULTS: The prevalence rates of caries in permanent teeth, gingival bleeding, calculus, and fluorosis were 43.07%, 40.57%, 43.75%, and 5.05%, respectively; the average decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index was 1.06±1.721. Residence (odds ratios [OR] rural=1.798, 95% CI: 1.485-2.177), sex (OR female=1.352, 95% CI: 1.121-1.631), paternal education level (OR >9 years=0.755, 95% CI: 0.608-0.936), presence of calculus (OR yes=1.279, 95% CI: 1.057-1.548), and frequency of consumption of sugary snacks (OR frequently=1.418, 95% CI: 1.064-1.890) were statistically significantly associated with the risk of permanent teeth caries. CONCLUSION: Oral health in 12-year-olds in Guangdong Province remains to be improved. Rural residence, female sex, the presence of calculus, and frequent consumption of sugary snacks could increase the risk of caries. The paternal educational level was negatively associated with the risk of caries, whereas we found no association between the maternal educational level and the risk of caries in this population.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Saúde Bucal , Criança , China , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Estudantes
5.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(9): 639-646, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878399

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the caries experience and the kinds of dental treatment between children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and children without systemic disease who were all treated under general anesthesia. Methods: Totally 103 children with ASD who received dental treatments under general anesthesia in 13 professional dental hospitals around China from April to November 2016 were included in the present study. A group of 97 children without systemic disease, according to the age, gender and application propensity score matching method, were chosen as controls, who received dental treatments under general anesthesia between January 2015 to November 2018 in the same hospitals as the children with ASD. Decay missing filling tooth (DMFT/dmft, DMFT for permanent teeth and dmft for primary teeth) indices of two groups of children and the contents of the dental treatments under general anesthesia were analyzed. Results: No significant difference of DMFT/dmft index ï¼»M (Q 25, Q 75)ï¼½ was found between children with ASD group ï¼»0 (0, 3)/11(8, 14)ï¼½ and control group ï¼»0 (0, 3)/9(7, 13)ï¼½ (P>0.05). The average number of dental treatments under general anesthesia and the average number of endodontic treatment in children with ASD were 13 (11, 15) and 3 (2, 6) teeth respectively, while those in the control group were 12 (9, 14) and 2 (1, 4) teeth respectively, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.01, P<0.05). Conclusions: No significant difference was found between children with ASD and the normal controls who receive dental treatments under general anesthesia in DMFT/dmft index, but the treatment needs of children with ASD is relatively higher, and their tooth decay is relatively severer.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Cárie Dentária , Anestesia Geral , Criança , China , Índice CPO , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Dente Decíduo
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21767, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871897

RESUMO

Risk factors such as smoking and sugar intake threaten the health of human being at an individual national level as well as at a global level. The globalization affect health indirectly through macro and micro-level factors. This study aimed to identify the global trend of dental caries according to countries national income level, and to examine the role of globalization, health services, obesity, and sugar consumption on dental caries. Data for 160 countries were collected for the time period of the 1990s to 2010s. The final sample included 46 countries with complete data (21 high income countries (HIC) and 25 middle and low income countries (MLIC)). The main dependent variable was the mean decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index of 12-year-olds as an indicator of dental caries. Globalization was a main independent variable which was measured by economic growth, urbanization and economic freedom. Other independent variables were health services, obesity and sugar consumption. The data were analyzed first using repeated measures analysis of variance to compare dental caries trends in HIC and MLIC. Then, using multiple linear regression and partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM), the relationships between globalization, health services, obesity, sugar consumption, and dental caries were examined. The results of PLS-SEM revealed that globalization was associated with lower DMFT in HIC. The global dental caries trend had a declined pattern, but this pattern has been attenuated in MLIC after the new millennium. There is a need for policy change and regulations on sugar trade especially in MLIC to diminish the adverse consequences of globalization, and to improve population dental health.


Assuntos
Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Países Desenvolvidos/estatística & dados numéricos , Países em Desenvolvimento/estatística & dados numéricos , Internacionalidade , Criança , Açúcares da Dieta , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Análise de Classes Latentes , Modelos Lineares , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Urbanização
7.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 151(8): 576-588.e4, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718487

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The authors of this meta-analysis aimed to assess saliva-related caries risk factors, including calcium and phosphate, hydrogen ion concentration, buffer capacity, Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus counts, flow rate, and decayed, missing and filled teeth index in each trimester during pregnancy. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors searched electronic databases up to July 1, 2019. Eligible observational studies were included. The authors assessed the quality of the included studies by using the Joanna Briggs Institute scale. To estimate the effects of pregnancy, standardized mean differences with 95% confidence intervals were pooled using the random-effects model. Subgroup analysis and meta-regression were used to explore heterogeneity. Publication bias was assessed using Begg and Egger tests. RESULTS: Twenty-nine studies were included in the meta-analysis, representing 1,230 pregnant women in the case groups and 715 in the control groups (nonpregnant women). The results showed that salivary calcium concentration decreased in the third trimester, salivary phosphate decreased in the second and third trimesters, saliva hydrogen ion concentration decreased in the first and third trimesters, stimulated saliva flow rate increased in the third trimester, and salivary S mutans count increased in the second and third trimesters. In addition, the results showed that saliva calcium, phosphate, S mutans, and buffer capacity amounts had changed from the first trimester to the third. CONCLUSIONS AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: In the third trimester, most salivary factors related to caries change and can increase the risk of developing caries in the future. Interventions and screening for caries prevention in pregnancy should start in the first or second trimesters.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Complicações na Gravidez , Streptococcus mutans , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Lactobacillus , Gravidez , Saliva
8.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e060, 2020 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609229

RESUMO

This study assessed the effect of area of residence (rural vs. urban) on dental caries experience among southern Brazilian schoolchildren. This cross-sectional survey was conducted in Rosário do Sul, southern Brazil, and included 373 9-14-year-old schoolchildren attending public municipal schools (122 living in the rural area, and 251, in the urban area). Data collection included a questionnaire and a clinical examination. Clinical examination of the permanent dentition involved visible plaque index, gingival bleeding index and dental caries experience (non-cavitated and cavitated, inactive and active lesions). Samples of water were collected to check the fluoride concentration. Caries prevalence and extent using different criteria were compared between rural and urban schoolchildren using the chi-square test and the Mann-Whitney test, respectively. The association between explanatory variables and the extent of caries activity (number of active caries lesions) was assessed using Poisson regression. When caries was recorded at the cavity level (WHO criterion), no difference was observed between rural and urban populations (p ≥ 0.05). Conversely, higher caries prevalence and extent were found among urban schoolchildren when active non-cavitated lesions were also computed (p < 0.05). In the adjusted Poisson regression model, urban schoolchildren were 57% more likely to present more active lesions than rural students (RR = 1.57; 95%CI = 1.29-1.92). Rural communities did not have sufficient fluoride in the water supply, whereas ideal concentrations were detected in the urban areas. In conclusion, this cross-sectional study found that urban schoolchildren showed greater caries experience than rural students, and that this increment was related to active non-cavitated lesions.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Adolescente , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Prevalência , População Rural
9.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0234659, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between poor oral health conditions and cognitive decline is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between oral health and cognition in humans and rats. METHODS: In humans: a cross-sectional study was conducted. Cognitive levels were evaluated by the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE); oral conditions were reflected by the number of missing index teeth, bleeding on probing, and probing pocket depth (PD). In rats: a ligature-induced (Lig) periodontitis model and Aß25-35-induced model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) were established; tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin 1 (IL-1), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and C-reactive protein levels in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex were detected. RESULTS: MMSE scores for the number of missing index teeth ≥ 7 group were significantly lower than those in the ≤ 6 group. A negative relationship (correlation coefficient ρ = -0.310, P = 0.002) was observed between MMSE scores and number of missing index teeth. More missing index teeth and lower education levels were independent risk factors for cognitive decline. A negative relationship (correlation coefficient ρ = -0.214, P = 0.031) was observed between MMSE scores and average PD. TNF-α and IL-6 levels in the hippocampus of the Lig+AD group were significantly higher than those of the AD group. IL-1 and IL-6 levels in the cerebral cortex of the Lig+AD group were significantly higher than those of the AD group. CONCLUSION: Poor oral health conditions including more missing index teeth and higher average PD may be risk factors for cognitive decline. Periodontitis may increase inflammatory cytokines in rat models of AD.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos/etiologia , Saúde Bucal , Periodontite/complicações , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença de Alzheimer/etiologia , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/toxicidade , Animais , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Causalidade , Córtex Cerebral/química , China/epidemiologia , Transtornos Cognitivos/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Hipocampo/química , Humanos , Interleucina-1/análise , Masculino , Aprendizagem em Labirinto , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/toxicidade , Índice Periodontal , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/etiologia , Periodontite/fisiopatologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fatores de Risco , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(28): e20988, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664102

RESUMO

An effective prevention policy for dental caries is absent in Jilin, China because of outdated and insufficient data. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate dental caries status and related risk indicators among 12-year-old students in Jilin Province.We conducted a cross-sectional investigation among 2324 children aged 12 years from 9 regions of Jilin in 2017. Caries was evaluated with the decayed-missing-filled teeth index and the significant caries index. The rate of pit and fissure closure, education level of patients, brushing habits, and sugar consumption were evaluated in a structured questionnaire. The associated risk indicators of caries were also assessed through logistic regression analysis.The prevalence of dental caries is 56.11%, and the value of decayed-missing-filled teeth was 1.53. More dental caries was found in students living in high-fluorine areas (P < .01). The results of logistic regression analysis show that females, poor self-assessment of oral health, toothache experience, dental visits, and education levels of parents are risk indicators for caries (P < .01).Regarding the current status of DC among 12-year-old students in Jilin Province, (1) The high-fluorine areas have lower DC prevalence than the non-high fluorine areas, (2) Female students have higher DC prevalence than male students, (3) Poor self-assessment of dental health, toothache experience, dental visits, and low education levels of parents can increase the risk of dental caries.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Estudantes
11.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(2): 174-178, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32626881

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the prevelence of early childhood caries (ECC) and its related risk factors in children aged 3 to 5 years old in Shanghai. METHODS: According to the requirements of the Fourth National Epidemiological Survey of Oral Health, multistage, stratified, equal capacity and simple random sampling method was performed. A total of 1 296 children aged 3, 4 and 5 years old in 12 kindergartens in Shanghai were selected to calculate the prevalence and the mean dmft(decayed-missing-filled tooth). Their parents were surveyed with questionnaire on oral hygiene habit and consciousness of oral health and related factors. Statistical analysis were performed using SPSS 21.0 software package. RESULTS: The prevalence of ECC were 58.07% in children aged 3 to 5 years old in Shanghai, with dmft index of 2.99 in average. There were significant differences in the mean dmft and the prevalence between male and female and among different age groups(P<0.05). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, more frequent sweet drinks, eating sweets before sleep, less daily tooth brushing, starting tooth brushing after 2 years old and low level of parents' education and oral health knowledge were risk factors for dental caries. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of ECC in children aged 3 to 5 years old in Shanghai is severe. There is an urgent need for implementation of a systematic education on diet habit and oral health behavior, and the parental education on oral hygiene needs to be further improved.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Higiene Bucal , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Escovação Dentária
12.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 221-227, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618446

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Sparse data is available concerning the distribution of decayed, extracted, filled/decayed, missing, filled tooth surfaces (defs/DMFS) and the impact of influencing risk factors in Moscow. We thus aimed to measure caries experience and to estimate its associations with relevant risk factors in schoolchildren. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was obtained from 1004 schoolchildren aged 7-17. The clinical examination included the status of dental plaque, gingival bleeding and caries experience; defs/DMFS. The questionnaire was introduced to the children/parents, in order to measure socioeconomic and behavioural variables. The Fisher Exact test and chi-squared test were used to assess statistical significance of the distribution of the variables among groups. Bivariate and general estimating equations (GEE) analyses were applied to estimate the relative effect of the independent variables on the outcomes defined as median defs and median DMFS. RESULTS: The median defs and median DMFS varied among age groups. In the primary dentition, the bivariate analyses showed association between median defs and gender, plaque, toothache, self-satisfaction with the appearance of teeth, and intake of milk with sugar were associated (p <0.05). The multivariate analyses revealed that the median defs was lower in girls (OR = 0.9) and children with evidence of no plaque (OR = 0.7)/thin plaque (OR = 0.8), (p ≤ 0.002). In the permanent dentition, the bivariate analyses showed association between median DMFS and plaque, gingival bleeding, healthy dentition, use of toothpicks/dental floss, intake of biscuits etc, soft drinks and jam/honey, and education of the child's mother (p ≤ 0.02). Only gingival bleeding after probing (OR = 1.2) and higher education level of the mothers (OR = 0.9) were associated with the median DMFS in the multivariate analyses (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Clinical, socioeconomic and behavioural determinants were identified to influence caries in primary and permanent dentition in schoolchildren in Moscow. The findings might provide a reliable basis for improvements and education programmes in oral health promotion for children and adolescents.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Adolescente , Criança , Índice CPO , Dentição Permanente , Feminino , Humanos , Moscou , Saúde Bucal , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 229-237, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618447

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study explored the oral health of individuals with substance use disorders and examined the relationship between oral health and type and number of years of substance use disorder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This comparative cross-sectional study comprised patients with one of four groups of substance use disorders - alcohol, cannabis, central nervous system stimulants (CNSS), and opiates. All participants underwent a dental examination and were included in the study based on their clinical findings. RESULTS: Of 95 participants, 79 (83%) were male and 37 (39%) were homeless. Statistically significant difference between the groups was observed in 6-12-mm periodontal pocket depths (p <0.05), as were differences in oral mucosal changes (p <0.001). Statistically significantly lower proportions were observed in the cannabis group for Mob G:0 and Mob G:1 and Furcation G:1 compared to the CNSS and opiate groups; the proportion of Furcation G:0 was significantly lower in the alcohol group compared to the cannabis group. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed statistically significant between-group differences in age, number of years of substance use disorder, number of teeth, and decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT). When controlling for age and gender, substance type was found to be a statistically significant predictor of number of teeth (B = -4.4; 95% CI: -8.1 to -0.38; p = 0.03) and DMFT (B = 2.1; 95% CI: 0.86 to 3.3; p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate poor oral health among individuals with substance use disorders. It seems that oral health problems are lower among abusers of cannabis than of CNSS, alcohol and opiates.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Suécia
14.
Quintessence Int ; 51(8): 678-685, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32577706

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Stress experienced as an intense and traumatic event can increase the odds of orofacial morbidities that may affect oral, periodontal, or masticatory system health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the dental, periodontal, oral, and bruxism situation among Israeli posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) war veterans. METHOD AND MATERIALS: This retrospective cohort pilot study aimed to examine the oral and facial manifestations in 71 Israeli veterans with combat PTSD. All patients underwent full dental, oral, and periodontal examination. Signs of parafunctional activity were also evaluated, accompanied by a full set of periapical and/or panoramic radiographs. RESULTS: The patients were 37 to 77 (mean 60.7 ± 10.15) years of age and presented a poor overall oral hygiene status (Plaque Index 0.75 ± 0.26). All patients (100.0%) suffered from periodontal disease, and most of them (66.0%) were severely affected. A significant correlation was found between signs of parafunctional activity and severe periodontal disease (P = .035). The patients had a high decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) score (20.06 ± 8.86), which was mainly attributed to the large number of "filled" (F) teeth (11.95 out of 20.06). The DMFT score was significantly lower among light smokers than among heavy, former, or nonsmokers (P = .012). Most patients (90%) had signs and symptoms of parafunctional activities. A significant positive and dose-dependent correlation was found between smoking and periodontal disease (P = .012). CONCLUSIONS: An association was found between combat PTSD and oral, dental, and periodontal morbidity.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Idoso , Índice CPO , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Bucal , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Pediatr Dent ; 42(3): 197-202, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522322

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of different interproximal contact areas of primary molars, as described in the OXIS classification, in a group of three- to four-year-old caries-free children. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out with a representative sample of 4,476 contact areas of 1,119 caries-free school children. A single calibrated examiner performed a type III examination to assess the type of contact area between primary molars, as seen from the occlusal view. The contacts were scored as O (open contact), X (point contact), I (straight contact), and S (curved contact) using OXIS classification. The prevalence of the types was expressed in the form of numbers and percentages. The findings were subjected to chi-square and McNemar's tests. Results: The most common contact type was I (75.5 percent), followed by S (15.3 percent), O (5.8 percent), and X (3.3 percent). Significant differences were obtained (P<0.001) when the inter- arch comparison was performed for all except the X type of contact. Further, 401 (35.8 percent) children had more than one type of contact in dif- ferent quadrants. Conclusions: The present study highlights the existence of four different types of interproximal contact areas, O, X, I, and S, in caries-free three- to four-year-olds.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Dente Molar , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Fumarato de Formoterol , Humanos , Prevalência
16.
Pediatr Dent ; 42(3): 208-211, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522324

RESUMO

Purpose: The preferred epidemiological caries assessment method is the decayed, missing, and filled surfaces (dmfs) score, which records all crowned/missing primary teeth's surfaces as carious. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dmfs score's accuracy in capturing caries-affected (versus treated) surfaces of crowned/extracted teeth. Methods: A high-caries risk cohort of children, eight to 18 months old at baseline, were recruited from a nonfluoridated, rural, minority, and low-income community. Oral examinations occurred every 12 months for five years, identifying children with at least one caries-related crown/extraction (N equals 45). Observed scoring counted all crowned/extracted surfaces as carious. Private dentists' clinical records were also reviewed to determine how many surfaces were carious at crown/extraction appointments (53 actual scores for n equals 19). Differences in actual and observed scoring were evaluated (sign test; α equals 0.05 with two-tailed P-values). Results: Most children in the study group had more than one crown/extraction. Actual scoring revealed two to three fewer carious surfaces per tooth than observed scoring; cumulatively, observed scoring added two to 27 more surface counts per participant (P<0.001). Conclusions: Observed scoring exaggerated early childhood caries burdens when crowns/extractions were prevalent. Modified dmfs scoring, individualized or population-corrected crown/extraction counts, could more accurately estimate disease.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Perda de Dente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Coroas , Índice CPO , Humanos , Lactente , Prevalência , Extração Dentária
17.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 21(2): 97-102, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32567939

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess caries preventive practices and dental caries among boys aged 6-15 in Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present cross-sectional study included a sampling frame of all male school students aged 6-15 years in a subpopulation of Saudi Arabia. A questionnaire was developed to collect information from mothers on the use of recommended caries preventive practices (RCPP) by the child. Children were examined clinically for dental caries status using DMFT index. RESULTS: A total of 722 children and respective mothers participated in the study. The mean DMFT scores were significantly greater in children with no RCPP than those who used at least a single RCPP and a combination of RCPP (p<0.05). Regression analysis revealed that all RCPP were significantly associated with dental caries (p<0.05). Children not using any RCPP tool had higher risk of developing dental caries (OR 8.69; 95% CI 6.38-11.83). CONCLUSION: Brushing teeth at least twice a day, use of fluoridated toothpaste and consumption of sugary snacks less than once a day have significant influence in occurrence of dental caries. Using all RCPP tools were more effective in caries prevention than used individually.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Arábia Saudita , Escovação Dentária
18.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 21(2): 129-136, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32567944

RESUMO

AIM: The objective of this study was to investigative genetic and environmental factors that contribute to caries susceptibility among adolescents in south China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1055 adolescents aged 13-14 years old in south China. The International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) was used to identify caries. Environmental variables were analysed by regression models. Twenty-three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 14 genes were identified from saliva samples. Regression analysis was used for the evaluation of effects of SNP markers using the minor allele as the effect allele. RESULTS: Our results suggest that gender, Cariostat score and Plaque Index were associated with dental caries. After the adjustment by age and gender, the G allele in AMBN (rs13115627) nominally was a protective factor for caries under additive model (P=0.028; OR=0.782; 95% CI, 0.627-0.974). However, the association did not meet the Bonferroni correction significance cut-off for multiple testing. CONCLUSION: Gender, Cariostat score and Plaque Index were associated with dental caries in this population. No selected SNPs showed a significant association with dental caries under either additive model or dominance model.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Proteínas do Esmalte Dentário , Adolescente , China , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Humanos , Saliva
19.
Spec Care Dentist ; 40(4): 344-355, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501578

RESUMO

AIMS: There are currently neither onsite services nor any known studies that addresses oral health of persons with special care needs (PSCN) within disability activity centers in Singapore. This study aims to report on the oral health status, disability-related barriers, and assess how these barriers limit care pathways. METHODS AND RESULTS: 29 PSCN from a multiethnic mixed disability day activity center were screened over two days. Their ages ranged from 18-59 years old (mean: 31.3). Proportion of Chinese, Malay and Indian ethnicity was 69.6%, 26.7% and 10.3% respectively. 11 were female. Only three PSCN were dentally fit, the average required almost four treatments each. 65.5% had "poor" to "very poor" oral hygiene. The mean number of decayed, missing and filled teeth were 2.8 (95% CI: 1.3-4.1), 1.9 (95% CI: 1.2-3.1), and 1.9 (95% CI: 1.2-3.1), respectively. DMFT had a moderate positive (Pearson's) correlation with age (rp = 0.4549, P < .05). The average British Dental Association (BDA) total banded score was 16.97, categorized as "moderate complexity." 51.7% were wheelchair users, while 41.3% needed support. Pharmacological behavioral management had to be considered for 17.2%. The odds ratio was 10 and relative risk 5.26 for requiring additional behavioral modifications and requiring more than average treatment. CONCLUSION: This multiethnic cohort of mixed disabilities displayed considerable unmet dental needs and a conflux of barriers to care. Pathways to care and study limitations are discussed.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Pessoas com Deficiência , Adolescente , Adulto , Índice CPO , Assistência Odontológica , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Bucal , Adulto Jovem
20.
Aust Dent J ; 65 Suppl 1: S40-S46, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32583586

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of root caries in Australia is expected to increase due to an ageing population and increase in tooth retention. This report presents findings from the Australian National Study of Adult Oral Health 2017-18. METHODS: A stratified random sample of 15 731 Australians aged ≥15 years participated in a telephone or online survey. Of those, 5022 dentate people underwent an oral assessment. Carious root surfaces were defined as ≥1 mm of affected dentine/cementum. Prevalence was defined as the percentage with ≥one natural tooth with untreated caries on root surfaces. Severity was measured as the mean number of root surfaces with caries. RESULTS: Prevalence of untreated root caries in the Australian adult dentate population was 8.2% and increased with increasing age (range 2%-17.8%). Men (9.3%) compared to women (7.2%), people living in remote (18.0%) versus regional (9.3%) and major cities (7.6%), and those with the lowest household income (15.4%) compared to middle (7.6%) and highest tertile (3.2%) had untreated root caries. The average number of decayed or filled root surfaces in the Australian adult population was 1.1 (95% CI 0.9, 1.2). CONCLUSIONS: Root caries was associated with older age, living outside a major city and lower income.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Radicular , Adulto , Idoso , Austrália/epidemiologia , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Prevalência
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