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1.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 19-26, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051967

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Oral health is essential in everyone's daily life, and becomes particularly important for those individuals who have been previously drug addicted. The aim of this study was to assess oral health in patients almost at the end of a methadone-detoxification process due to heroin dependency, identifying their treatment needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients, aged between 22 and 51 years, were admitted to the University Hospital of Verona after at least 6 months of being drug-free, except for standard methadone therapy (20 mg/day). Data concerning medical history, social status, drugs and nutritional habits were collected. Restorative conditions and periodontal status were evaluated clinically and radiographically. RESULTS: The duration of illicit drug consumption ranged from 2 to 20 years; methadone treatment duration ranged from 1 to 17 months. A total of 392 teeth were evaluated: 2 patients were diagnosed with periodontitis, whereas dental caries was widespread, affecting most frequently interproximal surfaces of the anterior teeth. Some 185 teeth needed restorations, 15 decayed teeth endodontic treatments, 21 teeth extraction, and 84 teeth were suitable for prosthetic rehabilitations. Caries and periodontal indexes were analysed according to years of heroin consumption (HYC) and months of methadone therapy (MMT), without any statistical differences (p > 0.05) found for both phases. Social and individual factors were investigated in relation with the indexes: no correlations were demonstrated. Regarding irregular food ingestion during HYC, a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) between the full-mouth visible bleeding on probing index (FM-VBOP) and diet was found. CONCLUSION: A large carbohydrate intake consequent to methadone therapy increased caries prevalence, despite a more regular diet.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Metadona , Saúde Bucal , Índice Periodontal , Relatório de Pesquisa
2.
Am J Dent ; 33(1): 3-11, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056408

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the effects of oscillating-rotating (O-R), sonic (side-to-side), and manual toothbrushes on plaque and gingival health after multiple uses in studies up to 3 months. METHODS: A meta-analysis was conducted on randomized clinical trials (RCTs) up to 3 months in duration to evaluate O-R electric toothbrush effectiveness regarding gingivitis reduction and plaque removal versus sonic and/or manual toothbrushes. To ensure access to subject-level data, this meta-analysis was limited to RCTs involving O-R toothbrushes from a single manufacturer conducted from 2007 to 2017 for which subject-level data were available and that satisfied criteria of duration, parallel design, examiner-graded, etc. For gingivitis studies, a one-step individual subject meta-analysis was used to assess direct and indirect treatment differences and to identify any subject-level covariates modifying treatment effects. In the two-step meta-analysis, individual participant data were first analyzed in each study independently using the last timepoint (up to 3 months), producing aggregate data for each study. Then forest plots were produced using these aggregate data with random-effects models. For plaque studies, the efficacy variables were standardized so direct comparisons could be generated using the 2-step meta-analysis. Network meta-analysis was performed to assess the indirect plaque comparisons. RESULTS: 16 parallel group RCTs with 2,145 subjects were identified assessing gingivitis via number of bleeding sites. In five and 11 gingivitis studies assessing O-R brushes versus manual and sonic brushes, respectively, a change in the average number of bleeding sites of -8.9 ( 95% CI: -15.9, -1.9) and -3.1 (95% CI: -3.8, -2.4) was observed (P ≤ 0.008). These reductions equate to a 50% and 28% bleeding benefit for O-R technology versus the respective controls. The sonic brush bleeding change versus manual was -5.9 (P = 0.062), a 34% bleeding benefit. Utilizing individual bleeding scores, subjects with localized or generalized gingivitis (≥ 10% bleeding sites) had 7.4 times better odds of transitioning to generally healthy (< 10% bleeding sites) after using an O-R brush versus manual. 20 parallel design RCTs with 2,551 subjects assessed plaque (TMQHI, RMNPI). In eight and 12 plaque RCTs assessing an O-R brush versus manual and sonic brushes, respectively, standardized changes in average plaque scores of -1.51 (95% CI: -2.17, -0.85) and -0.55 (95% CI: -0.82, -0.28) were observed (P< 0.001). These plaque reductions by O-R equate to a relative 20% and 4% greater benefit, respectively. The change for sonic versus manual was -0.93 ( 95% CI:-1.48, -0.38); (P < 0.001) which equates to a 12% plaque benefit. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This subject-level meta-analysis of studies up to 3 months provides sound evidence supporting recommendations for patients with various degrees of gingival bleeding to use oscillating-rotating electric toothbrushes over manual and sonic toothbrushes to improve plaque control and gingival health.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Índice de Placa Dentária , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Índice Periodontal , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Método Simples-Cego , Escovação Dentária
3.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 6, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective was to analyze clinical, microbiological, and immunological periodontal parameters in patients in corrective orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients were selected. Plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), width of keratinized gingiva, levels of 40 bacterial species, and of 3 cytokines (IL-1ß, MMP-8, and TNF-α) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) were evaluated at T0, before orthodontic treatment; T1, 6 months; and T2, 12 months post-treatment. Non-parametric, Friedman, Wilcoxon, ANOVA, and Spearman correlation coefficient tests were used for statistical analyses, with the significance level of 5%. RESULTS: No significant difference was found for the width of keratinized gingiva, but PI presented a significant increase at T1 and T2 (p < 0.05) when compared with T0. The percentage of sites with BOP increased significantly from T0 to T1 (p < 0.05); however, at T2, the values decreased and did not differ anymore from T0 (p > 0.05). In the microbiological analysis, red complex pathogens were in significantly greater proportions in T2 compared with T0 (p < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the cytokine levels between the periods but there was a positive correlation between BOP and IL-1ß (r = 0.49 p = .01) and TNF-α (r = 0.39 and p = .05). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, corrective orthodontic treatment caused clinical periodontal alterations regarding biofilm accumulation and gingival bleeding, with alteration of periodontopathogens.


Assuntos
Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Ortodontia Corretiva , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Índice Periodontal , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
4.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 35(35): 197-206, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923303

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Numerous approaches have been proposed for the treatment of peri-implantitis, but to date, none has been identified as the most effective. This study compared the efficacy of implantoplasty and glycine air polishing for the surgical treatment of peri-implantitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, randomized, parallel-group trial included 31 patients presenting with 42 implants with peri-implantitis. Patients underwent surgical treatment by implantoplasty (test group, n = 22) or glycine air polishing (control group, n = 20). Clinical parameters (Plaque Index), bleeding on probing (BOP), suppuration on probing (SOP), probing pocket depth (PPD), relative attachment level (RAL), and mucosal recession were assessed before surgery (baseline), and at 3 months and 6 months after surgery. Bone loss was recorded at baseline and 6 months. Two composite outcomes were also evaluated, according to the following definitions: (1) mean PPD reduction ≥ 0.5 mm + no further loss of bone; (2) PPD ≤ 5 mm, absence of BOP/SOP, and no additional mean bone loss ≥ 0.5 mm. RESULTS: Plaque Index remained low (< 0.5) in both groups for the duration of the study. Mean BOP, SOP, PPD, and RAL were greatly reduced at 3 months in both groups, and remained low between 3 months and 6 months. Bone loss was stable in the implantoplasty group, and slight bone gain (0.5 mm) was observed in the glycine air-polishing group. There were no significant differences between the two groups in any parameter, and composite treatment outcomes were similar in both groups, irrespective of the definition. CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of this 6-month follow-up study, implantoplasty is as effective as glycine air polishing for the surgical treatment of peri-implantitis.


Assuntos
Abrasão Dental por Ar , Glicina , Peri-Implantite , Seguimentos , Glicina/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Peri-Implantite/cirurgia , Índice Periodontal , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e102, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939495

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between social inequality indicators and oral health conditions in an adult population. This prospective cohort study assessed a probabilistic sampling of adults (aged 20-64 years) living in Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil. Oral examinations were performed in 2011 and 2015, conducted at home, and used the decay-missing-filled (DMFT) index of permanent teeth, the Community Periodontal Index (CPI), and the visible biofilm criterion. A questionnaire was administered to determine demographic and socioeconomic aspects and dental services used, and collect oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) data. Social inequality indicators were evaluated according to social class (high, middle or low) and type of dental service used (public, health insurance or private), and compared with oral health conditions (visible biofilm, DMFT and incidence of tooth loss, periodontal pockets and bleeding, and OHRQoL), evaluated between 2011 and 2015. Analysis using chi-squared or Fisher tests (p < 0.05) and Cochran's Q test was conducted separately for each category analyzed between 2011 and 2015 (p < 0.05). A total of 143 adults who participated in an earlier study were examined after four years of follow-up. Although the occurrence of oral disease did not decrease over the study period (4 years), there was a reduction in inequality among lower social classes in regard to presence of tooth decay and oral health impact on self-perceived quality of life between 2011 and 2015 (p < 0.05). These results suggest that the Brazilian National Oral Health Policy has achieved its principles, especially that of greater equity.


Assuntos
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Seguro Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice Periodontal , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Autoimagem , Classe Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
6.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e112, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939496

RESUMO

This clinical trial compared the efficacy of doxycycline (DOX) in ß-cyclodextrin (DOX)/ßCD) with DOX- alone in gel on thirty-three subjects with periodontitis. Patients were randomized to group 1 GI; 10% DOX + scaling and root planning (SRP); group 2 (GII (10% DOX /ß-CD + SRP), and group 3 (GIII; SRP). Gels were applied in GI and GII at baseline (T0) and 30 days later (T1). Periodontal Probing Depth (PPD), Clinical Attachment Level (CAL), Bleeding on Probing (BOP) and Visible Plaque Index (VPI) were evaluated at (T0), 30 days (T1) and 60 days after T0 (T2). Bone density was analyzed after 18 months (T3). GII showed the most significant reduction of PPD (2.62 mm; p <0.003), and greatest gain in CAL (2.54 mm p <0.003) at T2. BOP and the VPI had a strong reduction in all groups at T2 (p <0.05), both decreased by ≥5 times and 2 times, respectively, in all groups at T1. Bone density increased in all groups in radiographs (T3). The use of DOX encapsulated in ß-CD gel with SRP resulted in significant improvements in clinical periodontal parameters; such molecular inclusion of doxycycline into ß-CD in gel for local application is relatively simple and useful in dentistry.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Doxiciclina/uso terapêutico , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , beta-Ciclodextrinas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Índice de Placa Dentária , Raspagem Dentária/métodos , Método Duplo-Cego , Composição de Medicamentos , Feminino , Géis , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Perda da Inserção Periodontal , Índice Periodontal , Aplainamento Radicular/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
7.
Int J Dent Hyg ; 18(1): 17-26, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050195

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In adult participants, what is, following a single brushing exercise, the efficacy of a powered toothbrush (PTB) as compared to a manual toothbrush (MTB) on plaque removal? METHODS: MEDLINE-PubMed and Cochrane-CENTRAL were searched from inception to February 2019. The inclusion criteria were (randomized) controlled clinical trials conducted in human subjects ≥18 years of age, in good general health and without periodontitis, orthodontic treatment, implants and/or removable prosthesis. Papers evaluating a PTB compared with a MTB in a single brushing exercise were included. When plaque scores were assessed according to the Quigley-Hein plaque index (Q&HPI) or the Rustogi modified Navy plaque index (RMNPI). From the eligible studies, data were extracted. A meta-analysis and subanalysis for brands and mode of action being oscillating-rotating (OR) and side-to-side (SS) were performed when feasible. RESULTS: Independent screening of 3450 unique papers resulted in 17 eligible publications presenting 36 comparisons. In total, 28 comparisons assessed toothbrushing efficacy according to the Q&HPI and eight comparisons used the RMNPI. Results showed a significant effect in favour of the PTB. The difference of Means (DiffM) was -0.14 (P < 0.001; 95%CI [-0.19; -0.09]) for the Q&HPI and -0.10 (P < 0.001; 95%CI [-0.14; -0.06]) for the RMNPI, respectively. The subanalysis on the OR mode of action showed a DiffM -0.16 (P < 0.001; 95%CI [-0.22, -0.10]) for the Q&HPI. For the SS mode of action using RMNPI, the DiffM showed -0.10 (P < 0.001; 95%CI [-0.15; -0.05]). The subanalysis for brands showed for the P&G OR PTB using the Q&HPI a DiffM of -0.15 (P < 0.001; 95%CI [-0.22; -0.08]) and the Colgate SS for RMNPI showed a DiffM of -0.15 (P < 0.001; 95%CI [-0.18; -0.12]). CONCLUSION: There is moderate certainty that the PTB was more effective than the MTB with respect to plaque removal following a single brushing exercise independent of the plaque index scale that was used.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Escovação Dentária , Adolescente , Adulto , Índice de Placa Dentária , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Índice Periodontal , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Método Simples-Cego
8.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 78(1): 20-25, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661343

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the periodontal status and dental behaviour of heart transplant recipients with systemically healthy controls.Material and Methods: Forty heart transplant recipients and 40 systemically healthy patients were included. A questionnaire was used to record demographic, systemic health and dental behaviour data, and the following clinical parameters were recorded: plaque index, bleeding on probing, probing depth, gingival recession, and clinical attachment level.Results: Mean probing depth (p = .045), mean gingival recession (p = .016), mean clinical attachment level (p = .021) and mean plaque index scores (p = .001) were higher in heart transplant recipients than the systemically healthy group. However, bleeding on probing was similar in both groups (p > .05). Tooth brushing frequency and number of participants who used dental floss/interdental brush was lower in the heart transplant group.Conclusion: Considering the poor oral hygiene and high clinical periodontal parameters of heart transplant recipients, periodontal evaluation should be done regularly before and after transplantation. The patient's daily oral hygiene regimens should be evaluated carefully in this evaluation session and modified based on their gingival health, manual skill and motivational levels. The importance of oral health and its effects on systemic health should also be explained to the transplant recipients in detail.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Transplante de Coração , Saúde Bucal , Higiene Bucal , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Placa Dentária/epidemiologia , Placa Dentária/etiologia , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Periodontais/etiologia , Índice Periodontal , Adulto Jovem
9.
Oral Dis ; 26(1): 166-172, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587460

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of smoking on peptidoglycan recognition protein (PGRP)-1 levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) in smokers and non-smokers with chronic periodontitis (CP) following initial periodontal therapy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 40 patients with CP (20 smokers (S + CP) and 20 non-smokers (S-CP)) and 40 subjects with healthy periodontium (20 smokers (S + PH) and 20 non-smokers (S-PH)), comprising 80 subjects, were included in this study. Baseline GCF samples were obtained from all subjects, and clinical periodontal measurements were recorded. In patients who had received initial periodontal therapy, GCF samples were obtained and all clinical periodontal measurements were recorded again during the 6th-8th weeks. GCF PGRP-1 levels were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: At baseline, GCF PGRP-1 levels were significantly higher in both groups with CP than in both groups with healthy periodontium, whereas these levels were significantly lower in S + CP than in S-CP. GCF PGRP-1 levels decreased significantly in both CP groups after periodontal therapy, and this reduction was significantly greater in non-smokers than in smokers. CONCLUSION: Smoking might have a suppressive effect on GCF PGRP-1 levels in CP. Initial periodontal therapy is effective in decreasing GCF PGRP-1 levels in both smokers and non-smokers with CP.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/química , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Periodontite Crônica/terapia , Raspagem Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice Periodontal , Aplainamento Radicular , Adulto Jovem
10.
Int J Dent Hyg ; 18(1): 62-72, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309703

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this observational study was to investigate the relationship between tongue coating (thickness [Tc] and surface discoloration [Td]) and gender, plaque, gingivitis (bleeding on marginal probing [BOMP] and bleeding on pocket probing [BOPP]) and tongue cleaning behaviour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 336 participants were screened for this cross-sectional study, from which 268 (150 male, 118 female) were found to be eligible. Aspects of tongue coating were visually assessed. Additionally, BOMP, BOPP and the plaque index (PI) were scored. To ascertain the tongue cleaning behaviour, the Oral Hygiene Behavior questionnaire was used. RESULTS: Most tongue coating was found at the posterior sections of the tongue surface. A thin coating and white discoloration were most prevalent as highest score for both males (92.7%) and females (87.4%), as well as white discoloration for the whole group of participants (50.2%). A gender difference was observed for TC and Td (P < .001). Analysis did not reveal a relationship between Tc and PI and between Td and PI. Also, no relation was detected between tongue cleaning behaviour and Tc or Td. However, tongue cleaning was associated with lower BOMP and BOPP scores. CONCLUSION: BOMP, BOPP or PI score did not appear to be linked to Tc and Td. A significant gender difference was found for Tc and Td. Self-reported tongue cleaning behaviour was associated with slightly lower BOMP and BOPP scores.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Estudos Transversais , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Índice Periodontal , Língua , Adulto Jovem
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815972

RESUMO

Implantoplasty has been claimed as a promising strategy to treat peri-implantitis and prevent progressive peri-implant bone loss. Consequently, the aim of the present case series is to exhibit the clinical outcomes of a 3-year-follow-up resective and implantoplasty therapy applying a novel platform-switch concept to preserve peri-implant tissue integrity and counteract progressive bone loss. Four patients who underwent dental implant therapy and were diagnosed with peri-implantitis were treated through access flap surgery, a modified implantoplasty, bone recontouring, and surface decontamination. The radiographic and clinical parameters recorded before and during the 3-year follow-up were: marginal bone loss (MBL) as the primary endpoint, bleeding on probing index (BOP), probing depth (PD), presence of suppuration, pain, mobility, and fracture. The 3-year follow-up exhibited peri-implant bone stability in all cases (100%) showing radiographically an MBL reduction (mean) of 0.8 ± 0.5 mm (mesial) and 0.5 ± 0.3 mm (distal). Mean PD reduction was 4.75 ± 1 mm and mean BOP was reduced by 71%. Pain and suppuration were resolved in all cases. None of the cases reported implant fracture or mobility after the modified implantoplasty therapy. The present case series demonstrated that this modified implantoplasty can be more than a surface decontamination therapy where the narrow and smooth exposed implant surface can counteract peri-implantitis alterations providing favorable biologic conditions to maintain stability of peri-implant tissues.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Implantes Dentários , Peri-Implantite , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Humanos , Índice Periodontal , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
12.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(6): 735-744, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784007

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In this pilot study, we aimed to determine qualitative and quantitative microbiological changes after the implementation of orthodontic appliances. METHODS: A total of 10 healthy patients aged 12-15 years were recruited who needed to undergo orthodontic treatment with buccal fixed appliances. Gingival conditions were assessed by the Gingival Index, Periodontal Screening Index, and Sulcus Bleeding Index. Microbiological samples were collected before and 1 week after the start of therapy at premolars and molars of the right upper quadrant. Bacterial species were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. RESULTS: The total number of bacteria increased. Six bacterial species were identified that are involved in the development of caries and other infectious processes. The bacteria selectively adapted more efficiently to the new oral milieu compared with the general oral microbial background. There was a significant increase in Streptococcus spp at the premolars and molars. In all individuals, symptoms of inflammation and gingivitis were detected as a response to the bacterial challenge. CONCLUSIONS: Orthodontic treatment induces significant changes in the oral microbial flora associated with gingivitis and an enhanced risk for cariogenic reactions within the first days of orthodontic treatment. To prevent or reduce infectious side effects, oral hygiene instructions and control of patients are necessary before and during the beginning of the therapy.


Assuntos
Bactérias , Gengivite , Boca , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Boca/microbiologia , Aparelhos Ortodônticos , Índice Periodontal , Projetos Piloto
13.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 28(4): 417-421, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792485

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the aesthetic effect of orthodontics treatment combined with periodontal splint in the treatment of fan-shaped displacement of anterior teeth caused by periodontitis. METHODS: Fifty patients with fan-shaped displacement of anterior teeth caused by periodontitis in PLA air force hospital from January 2013 to October 2018 were selected and randomly divided into the control group (n=25) and the experimental group (n=25). Patients in the control group were treated with conventional periodontal splint, while patients in the experimental group were treated with combined orthodontic treatment on the basis of the control group. Florida periodontal probe exploration depth (PD), gingival index (GI), attachment loss (AL), sulcus bleeding index (SBI), plaque index (PLI) and mobility were observed and compared before and 1 month after treatment between both groups. The levels of serum inflammatory factors interleukin-4 (IL-4), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), C-reactive protein (CRP) and osteocalcin (OC) were measured and compared by ELISA before treatment and 1 month after treatment in both 2 groups. The data were analyzed with SPSS 21.0 software package. RESULTS: Compared with before treatment, PD and GI in both groups decreased significantly after treatment, and significantly lower in the experimental group than that in the control group (P<0.05); the levels of AL, SBI, PLI and tooth looseness in both 2 groups were significantly lower after treatment, and significantly lower in the experimental than in the control group (P<0.05); compared with before treatment, the levels of IL-4, IL-6, TNF-a and serum CRP in both 2 groups were significantly lower after treatment, and the experimental group was much lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). The level of osteocalcin in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group at different time points after treatment (P<0.05). The level of osteocalcin in the experimental group reached its peak one day after treatment, and then gradually declined, the preoperative level was basically restored 7 days after treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Using orthodontics combined with periodontal splint in the treatment of fan-shaped displacement of anterior teeth caused by periodontitis has a remarkable effect. The symptoms of periodontitis can be effectively improved, the teeth can be effectively corrected and facial profiles of the patients can be improved.


Assuntos
Ortodontia , Periodontite , Índice de Placa Dentária , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Perda da Inserção Periodontal , Índice Periodontal , Contenções Periodontais
14.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 20(8): 896-900, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797844

RESUMO

AIM: The present study aims to assess the efficacy of different periodontal dressing materials on wound healing clinically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 45 patients between the age group of 30-45 years, with chronic generalized periodontitis with loss of attachment of 3-6 mm, who require periodontal flap surgery, were screened to include in the study. Out of 45 subjects, 24 were males and 21 were females. The subjects were randomized into 3 groups as 15 in each. Group I: a collagen dressing, group II: light-cure dressing, and group III: non-eugenol-based dressing. The clinical parameters such as plaque index, vertical probing depth, pain, gingival index, and patient satisfaction were documented for all the three groups on the 7th and the 14th day. Visual analog scale (VAS) was used to score the pain severity. The SPSS 20 software was used to analyze the data. The significance level was set at 5%. RESULTS: The mean gingival index score reduced from 1.40 ± 0.14 to 1.10 ± 0.30 in group I, from 1.48 ± 0.01 to 1.26 ± 0.22 in group II, and from 1.58 ± 0.16 to 1.33 ± 0.10 in group III. The mean plaque index score reduced from 1.48 ± 0.56 to 1.18 ± 0.40 in group I, from 1.46 ± 0.01 to 1.24 ± 0.48 in group II, and from 1.42 ± 0.12 to 1.20 ± 0.20 in group III. There was a statistical difference found in all the three groups and between the groups from the plaque and gingival index scores. The probing depth comparison shows a significant difference in group I. Patient satisfaction was almost similar in all the groups. The pain index showed the reduction in the pain severity from the 7th day to the 14th day in all the subjects from all the three groups. CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that the periodontal wound covered with a collagen dressing material showed significant evidence to provide symptomatic relief and better healing to the patients compared to that of light-cure and non-eugenol periodontal dressing material.


Assuntos
Perda da Inserção Periodontal , Curativos Periodontais , Cicatrização , Adulto , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/terapia , Índice Periodontal , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(6): 935-940, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880128

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the periodontal status and salivary microbial diversity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and to analyze the relationship between the composition of oral microflora in patients with RA and the incidence of rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: 24 patients who were diagnosed as rheumatoid arthritis were enrolled in the experimental group, and 20 healthy persons were enrolled in the control group. The periodontal index was recorded and non-irritating saliva was collected. DNA was extracted and high-throughput sequencing was performed. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in periodontal indices between the RA group and the control group. After analysis of salivary microorganisms in RA patients and control group, there was no significant difference in salivary microbial diversity between RA patients and control group. At the phylum level, 13 phyla were found, including Firmicutes (30.2%), Proteobacteria (29.3%), Bacteroidetes (23.8%), Fusobacteria (7.3%), Actinobacteria (5.6%) as dominant bacteria. Bacteroidetes (P=0.04) and spirochoetes (P=0.01) were significantly higher in the RA group. A total of 144 genus were found, and 12 dominant genus were found. 11 genuses were found to have significant difference between the RA group and the control. At the genus level, Prevotella (P=0.03), Porphyromonas (P=0.005 7), Tannerella (P=0.001 9) and Treponema (P=0.010) were significantly higher in the RA group. Salivary microbial community similarity in the RA group was significantly higher than that in the control group. CONCLUSION: Compared with healthy people, RA patients had higher periodontal inflammation indices, but there was no statistical difference. The oral saliva of patients with rheumatoid arthritis has a unique microbial diversity structure. This result provides a new insight for understanding the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Bactérias , Humanos , Índice Periodontal , Saliva
16.
Pol J Microbiol ; 68(3): 377-382, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880883

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the periodontal status of cystic fibrosis (CF) adult patients and to evaluate whether there is a correlation between the bacterial population of the subgingival biofilm and the health status of the periodontal tissues in this group of adults. The study involved 22 cystic fibrosis adult patients. The periodontal condition was assessed using Plaque Index (PLI), Gingival Index (GI), and Probing Pocket Depth (PPD). The gingival sulcus samples were analyzed by the Real-Time PCR assay (RT-PCR). Majority of patients showed moderate or severe bacterial dental plaque accumulation, but none of them had clinical symptoms of periodontal diseases. RT-PCR showed the presence of periopathogens in 50% of patients. Red complex microorganisms were detected in 9.09%, orange complex in 27.27%, and green complex in 31.82% of the samples analyzed. In cystic fibrosis patients colonized by periopathogens, the periodontal markers were significantly higher in comparison to not colonized by periopathogens patients. Despite the widespread presence of bacterial dental deposits in the cystic fibrosis adult patients examined, none of them has clinical symptoms of periodontal disease; however, the presence of periodontal pathogens in subgingival biofilm may represent a possible risk factor of this disease in the future. An unsatisfactory level of oral hygiene in any patient with cystic fibrosis indicates a need to focus on standards of dental care for such patients.The aim of this study was to assess the periodontal status of cystic fibrosis (CF) adult patients and to evaluate whether there is a correlation between the bacterial population of the subgingival biofilm and the health status of the periodontal tissues in this group of adults. The study involved 22 cystic fibrosis adult patients. The periodontal condition was assessed using Plaque Index (PLI), Gingival Index (GI), and Probing Pocket Depth (PPD). The gingival sulcus samples were analyzed by the Real-Time PCR assay (RT-PCR). Majority of patients showed moderate or severe bacterial dental plaque accumulation, but none of them had clinical symptoms of periodontal diseases. RT-PCR showed the presence of periopathogens in 50% of patients. Red complex microorganisms were detected in 9.09%, orange complex in 27.27%, and green complex in 31.82% of the samples analyzed. In cystic fibrosis patients colonized by periopathogens, the periodontal markers were significantly higher in comparison to not colonized by periopathogens patients. Despite the widespread presence of bacterial dental deposits in the cystic fibrosis adult patients examined, none of them has clinical symptoms of periodontal disease; however, the presence of periodontal pathogens in subgingival biofilm may represent a possible risk factor of this disease in the future. An unsatisfactory level of oral hygiene in any patient with cystic fibrosis indicates a need to focus on standards of dental care for such patients.


Assuntos
Biofilmes , Fibrose Cística/microbiologia , Doenças Periodontais/microbiologia , Adulto , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Bacterianos , Feminino , Gengiva/microbiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice Periodontal , Periodonto/microbiologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Indian J Dent Res ; 30(5): 736-741, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854365

RESUMO

Context and Aim: Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) volume reflects the level of periodontal inflammation. This secondary analysis aimed to evaluate the GCF volume in patients submitted to non-surgical periodontal therapies under a split-mouth design. Materials and Methods: GCF volume of 25 participants (47.24 ± 6.47 years) with moderate-to-severe chronic periodontitis was collected at Days 0, 30, 60, 90, 120, 270, and 450. The participants were submitted to three different non-surgical therapies randomly assigned per quadrant [GI: supragingival control (Supra) as only intervention (one quadrant); GII: Supra plus scaling and root planing (SRP) on Day 0 (two quadrants); GIII: Supra on Day 0 and SRP 30 days later (one quadrant)]. During treatment (0-60 days) and maintenance (90-450 days) participants were submitted to supragingival plaque control reinforcements. GCF volumes were analyzed after logarithmic transformation (log10) and linear models were used for intra- and inter-group comparisons, considering the data dependence. Results: Baseline GCF volumes were similar between groups (GI: 0.39 ± 0.22 µl; GII: 0.42 ± 0.26 µl; GIII: 0.41 ± 0.14 µl;P > 0.05). At Day 60, GCF volumes were significantly reduced (GI: 0.20 ± 0.13 µl; GII: 0.18 ± 0.11 µl; GIII: 0.22 ± 0.13 µl; P < 0.001), without inter-groups differences. These results were maintained along maintenance period (P > 0.05). Even in sites bleeding on probing (BOP) + the means of GCF volume did not differ between groups (P > 0.05). Conclusions: All therapies determined reductions on the GCF volume along time. Supragingival plaque control modulated the subgingival area during the study, reinforcing the importance of this control over the subgingival inflammatory response.


Assuntos
Raspagem Dentária , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Humanos , Índice Periodontal , Bolsa Periodontal , Aplainamento Radicular
18.
Indian J Dent Res ; 30(5): 763-766, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854370

RESUMO

Objectives: The objective of this study was to identify the anaerobic pigment-forming bacteria present in black stain and correlate its occurrence with dental caries incidence and periodontal destruction. Materials and Methods: A total of 50 healthy subjects with the chief complaint of recurrent black stains were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. decayed/missing/filled surfaces score, community periodontal index, Gingival Crevicular Fluid (GCF), black stain score, and microbial analysis were done. Results: The data presented indicate that black stain has a constant microflora, dominated by various gram-negative rods, gram-positive cocci and rods (P ≤ 0.1). However, the incidence of gram-positive rods decreased with the increase in plaque score and probing depths and decrease in black stain score. Conclusions: Presence of black stains is predominated by various gram-positive and negative rods, and gram-positive cocci. Increase in the plaque score decreases the severity of black stains, thereby increasing the probability of periodontal destruction and dental caries incidence in adult subjects. Further studies are required to corroborate the results.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Doenças Periodontais , Adulto , Corantes , Índice de Placa Dentária , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Humanos , Índice Periodontal
19.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 20(10): 1223-1228, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883261

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the prevalence and severity of periodontal diseases between osteoporotic and nonosteoporotic subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population included 140 subjects (70 osteoporotic and 70 nonosteoporotic) age group of 35-70 years. Skeletal (calcaneal) bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by quantitative ultrasound technique (QUS) for T score values. Periodontal status was examined by plaque index (PI), bleeding index, probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment level. Digital panoramic and intraoral periapical radiographs (IOPA) were taken with fixed reference point for evaluation of bone interdental alveolar bone loss (ABL). The recorded data for T score, interdental ABL and periodontal status were subjected to statistical analysis for correlation and regression procedure. RESULTS: The prevalence of the periodontal diseases, in osteoporotic group 120 (54.5%) were with periodontitis and in nonosteoporotic group 100 (50%) were with periodontitis. Correlation of T score with age, PI, gingival index (GI), probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment loss (CAL), and ABL in nonosteoporotic group was found statistically not significant. The age was (r = -0.052) indicating positive association with weak correlation, The PI is (r 0.060) indicating positive association, the GI was (r = -0.053) indicating negative association with weak correlation, the PPD was (r = 0.070) indicating positive association with weak correlation, the CAL was (r = 0.133) indicating positive association with weak correlation, ABL was (r 0.027) indicating positive association with weak correlation. CONCLUSION: Calcaneal BMD was related to ABL and, to a less extent, to CAL, implicating osteoporotic subjects are at high risk indicator for periodontal diseases. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Even though the pathogenesis of periodontitis and osteoporosis differs; these diseases have several common risk factors. Both may have a additive impact on patients, which requires concomitant medical and dental management which mandates simultaneous diagnosis of both. How to cite this article: Manjunath SH, Rakhewar P, Nahar P, et al. Evaluation of the Prevalence and Severity of Periodontal Diseases between Osteoporotic and Nonosteoporotic Subjects: A Cross-sectional Comparative Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2019;20(10):1223-1228.


Assuntos
Doenças Periodontais , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Perda da Inserção Periodontal , Índice Periodontal , Prevalência
20.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 60(4): 279-289, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761881

RESUMO

Interleukin (IL)-33 is a dual-function protein that may play important roles as both a cytokine and intracellular nuclear factor. It may also function similarly to prototypical alarmin IL-1α, as an endogenous danger signal to alert innate immune system cells to tissue damage during trauma or infection, as it can be released in the extracellular space after endothelial cell damage or mechanical injury. The aim of this study was to determine possible correlations between concentrations of IL-33 and IL-1α in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and plasma obtained from healthy patients, those with chronic periodontitis (CP), and those with generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP) patients. Forty-five patients with an age range of 20-60 years were enrolled and divided into 3 groups: Group H, 30 samples (15 GCF and 15 plasma) from 15 patients with healthy periodontium; Group CP, 30 samples from 15 patients with CP; and Group GAP, 30 samples from 15 patients with GAP. The clinical periodontal parameters investigated in all groups comprised the gingival index score, probing pocket depth, and clinical attachment level. The GCF and plasma levels of IL-33 and IL-1α were quantitated using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The mean IL-33 concentrations in GCF and plasma were highest in Group GAP, followed by Group CP, with the lowest in Group H; the difference among them was statistically significant (p<0.05). Concentration of IL-1α followed the same trend as that of IL-33 in GCF, but was lower than detection levels in plasma. The GCF and plasma concentrations of IL-33 correlated with IL-1α concentrations in GCF. Concentrations of IL-33 and IL-1α in GCF varied significantly between healthy patients and those with disease, allowing healthy patients to be distinguished from those with GAP or CP. The results of this study suggest that IL-33 offers a potential inflammatory marker of periodontal disease, similar to IL-1α.


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva , Periodontite Crônica , Adulto , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Humanos , Interleucina-33 , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice Periodontal , Adulto Jovem
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