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1.
An. pediatr. (2003. Ed. impr.) ; 92(4): 241.e1-241.e11, abr. 2020. mapas, graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-186847

RESUMO

El 31 de diciembre de 2019, la Comisión Municipal de Salud y Sanidad de Wuhan (provincia de Hubei, China) informó sobre la existencia de 27 casos de neumonía de etiología desconocida con inicio de síntomas el 8 de diciembre, incluyendo 7 casos graves, con exposición común a un mercado de marisco, pescado y animales vivos en la ciudad de Wuhan. El 7 de enero de 2020, las autoridades chinas identificaron como agente causante del brote un nuevo tipo de virus de la familia Coronaviridae, denominado temporalmente «nuevo coronavirus», 2019-nCoV. El 30 de enero de 2020 la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) declara el brote una Emergencia Internacional. El día 11 de febrero la OMS le asigna el nombre de SARS-CoV2 e infección COVID-19 (Coronavirus Infectious Disease). El Ministerio de Sanidad convoca a las Sociedades de Especialidades para la elaboración de un protocolo clínico de manejo de la infección. La Asociación Española de Pediatría nombra un grupo de trabajo de las Sociedades de Infectología Pediátrica y Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos que se encargan de elaborar las presentes recomendaciones con la evidencia disponible en el momento de su realización


On 31 December 2019, the Wuhan Municipal Committee of Health and Healthcare (Hubei Province, China) reported that there were 27 cases of pneumonia of unknown origin with symptoms starting on the 8 December. There were 7 serious cases with common exposure in market with shellfish, fish, and live animals, in the city of Wuhan. On 7 January 2020, the Chinese authorities identified that the agent causing the outbreak was a new type of virus of the Coronaviridae family, temporarily called «new coronavirus», 2019-nCoV. On January 30th, 2020, the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared the outbreak an International Emergency. On 11 February 2020 the WHO assigned it the name of SARS-CoV2 and COVID-19 (SARS-CoV2 and COVID-19). The Ministry of Health summoned the Specialties Societies to prepare a clinical protocol for the management of COVID-19. The Spanish Paediatric Association appointed a Working Group of the Societies of Paediatric Infectious Diseases and Paediatric Intensive Care to prepare the present recommendations with the evidence available at the time of preparing them


Assuntos
Humanos , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Coronavirus/classificação , Coronavirus/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Sociedades Médicas , Espanha
3.
Rev. esp. anestesiol. reanim ; 67(8): 425-437, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192474

RESUMO

ANTECEDENTES: No se ha reportado plenamente la evolución clínica de los pacientes críticos de COVID-19 durante su ingreso en la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI), incluyendo las complicaciones médicas e infecciosas y terapias de soporte, así como su asociación con la mortalidad en ICU. OBJETIVO: El objetivo de este estudio es describir las características clínicas y la evolución de los pacientes ingresados en UCI por COVID-19, y determinar los factores de riesgo de la mortalidad en UCI de dichos pacientes. MÉTODOS: Estudio prospectivo, multi-céntrico y de cohorte, que incluyó a los pacientes críticos de COVID-19 ingresados en 30 UCIs de España y Andorra. Se incluyó a los pacientes consecutivos de 12 de Marzo a 26 de Mayo de 2020 si habían fallecido o habían recibido el alta de la UCI durante el periodo de estudio. Se reportaron los datos demográficos, síntomas, signos vitales, marcadores de laboratorio, terapias de soporte, terapias farmacológicas, y complicaciones médicas e infecciosas, realizándose una comparación entre los pacientes fallecidos y los pacientes dados de alta. RESULTADOS: Se incluyó a un total de 663 pacientes. La mortalidad general en UCI fue del 31% (203 pacientes). Al ingreso en UCI los no supervivientes eran más hipoxémicos [SpO2 sin mascarilla de no reinhalación, de 90 (RIC 83-93) vs 91 (RIC 87-94); p < 0,001] y con mayor puntuación en la escala SOFA - Evaluación de daño orgánico secuencial - [SOFA, 7 (RIC 5-9) vs 4 (RIC 3-7); p < 0,001]. Las complicaciones fueron más frecuentes en los no supervivientes: síndrome de distrés respiratorio agudo (SDRA) (95% vs 89%; p = 0,009), insuficiencia renal aguda (IRA) (58% vs 24%; p < 10−16), shock (42% vs 14%; p < 10−13), y arritmias (24% vs 11%; p < 10−4). Las súper-infecciones respiratorias, infecciones del torrente sanguíneo y los shock sépticos fueron más frecuentes en los no supervivientes (33% vs 25%; p = 0,03, 33% vs 23%; p = 0,01 y 15% vs 3%, p = 10−7), respectivamente. El modelo de regresión multivariable reflejó que la edad estaba asociada a la mortalidad, y que cada año incrementaba el riesgo de muerte en un 1% (95%IC: 1-10, p = 0,014). Cada incremento de 5 puntos en la escala APACHE II predijo de manera independiente la mortalidad [OR: 1,508 (1,081, 2,104), p = 0,015]. Los pacientes con IRA [OR: 2,468 (1,628, 3,741), p < 10−4)], paro cardiaco [OR: 11,099 (3,389, 36,353), p = 0,0001], y shock séptico [OR: 3,224 (1,486, 6,994), p = 0,002] tuvieron un riesgo de muerte incrementado. CONCLUSIONES: Los pacientes mayores de COVID-19 con puntuaciones APACHE II más altas al ingreso, que desarrollaron IRA en grados II o III y/o shock séptico durante la estancia en UCI tuvieron un riesgo de muerte incrementado. La mortalidad en UCI fue del 31%


BACKGROUND: The clinical course of COVID-19 critically ill patients, during their admission in the intensive care unit (UCI), including medical and infectious complications and support therapies, as well as their association with in-ICU mortality has not been fully reported. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe clinical characteristics and clinical course of ICU COVID-19 patients, and to determine risk factors for ICU mortality of COVID-19 patients. METHODS: Prospective, multicentre, cohort study that enrolled critically ill COVID-19 patients admitted into 30 ICUs from Spain and Andorra. Consecutive patients from March 12th to May 26th, 2020 were enrolled if they had died or were discharged from ICU during the study period. Demographics, symptoms, vital signs, laboratory markers, supportive therapies, pharmacological treatments, medical and infectious complications were reported and compared between deceased and discharged patients. RESULTS: A total of 663 patients were included. Overall ICU mortality was 31% (203 patients). At ICU admission non-survivors were more hypoxemic [SpO2 with non-rebreather mask, 90 (IQR 83-93) vs 91 (IQR 87-94); p < 0.001] and with higher sequential organ failure assessment score [SOFA, 7 (IQR 5-9) vs 4 (IQR 3-7); p < 0.001]. Complications were more frequent in non-survivors: acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) (95% vs 89%; p = 0.009), acute kidney injury (AKI) (58% vs 24%; p < 10−16), shock (42% vs 14%; p < 10−13), and arrhythmias (24% vs 11%; p < 10−4). Respiratory super-infection, bloodstream infection and septic shock were higher in non-survivors (33% vs 25%; p = 0.03, 33% vs 23%; p = 0.01 and 15% vs 3%, p = 10−7), respectively. The multivariable regression model showed that age was associated with mortality, with every year increasing risk-of-death by 1% (95%CI: 1-10, p = 0.014). Each 5-point increase in APACHE II independently predicted mortality [OR: 1.508 (1.081, 2.104), p = 0.015]. Patients with AKI [OR: 2.468 (1.628, 3.741), p < 10−4)], cardiac arrest [OR: 11.099 (3.389, 36.353), p = 0.0001], and septic shock [OR: 3.224 (1.486, 6.994), p = 0.002] had an increased risk-of-death. CONCLUSIONS: Older COVID-19 patients with higher APACHE II scores on admission, those who developed AKI grades II or III and/or septic shock during ICU stay had an increased risk-of-death. ICU mortality was 31%


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/mortalidade , Vírus da SARS/patogenicidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
6.
Rev. esp. quimioter ; 33(5): 369-378, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-193705

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are few descriptions of the clinical presentation and evolution of consecutive SARS-CoV-2 infections with a long-enough follow up. METHODS: Description of the first consecutive 100 patients with microbiologically-proven COVID-19 in a large hospital in Madrid, Spain including a minimum of two-month follow up. RESULTS: The median age of the patients (52% males) was 61.5 years (IQR=39.5-82.0) and the median BMI was 28.8 kg/m2 (IQR=24.7-33.7). Overall 72% of the patients had one or more co-morbid conditions with a median age-adjusted Charlson index of 2 (IQR=0-5.7). Five patients (5%) were immunosuppressed. The most common symptoms at the time of diagnosis were fever (80.0%), cough (53.0%) and dyspnea (23.0%). The median O2 saturation at the time of first examination was 94% (IQR=90-97). Chest X-ray on admission was compatible with pneumonia in 63% of the cases (bilateral in 42% and unilateral in 21%). Overall, 30% were managed at home and 70% were admitted to the hospital. Thirteen patients were admitted to the ICU with a median of 11 days of stay in the Unit (IQR=6.0-28.0). CALL score of our population ranged from 4 to 13. Overall, 60.0% of patients received antibiotic treatment and 66.0%, empirical antiviral treatment, mainly with lopinavir/ritonavir (65%) or hydroxychloroquine (42%). Mortality, with a minimum of 60 days of follow up, was 23%. The median age of the deceased patients was 85 years (IQR=79-93). CONCLUSIONS: We found a high mortality in the first 100 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 at our institution, associated with advanced age and the presence of serious underlying diseases


ANTECEDENTES: Existen pocas descripciones de la presentación clínica y evolución de infecciones consecutivas por SARS-CoV-2 con un seguimiento lo suficientemente largo. MÉTODOS: Descripción de los primeros 100 pacientes consecutivos con COVID-19 probada microbiológicamente en un gran hospital de Madrid, incluyendo un seguimiento mínimo de dos meses. RESULTADOS: La mediana de edad de los pacientes (52% hombres) fue de 61,5 años (RIC=39,5-82,0) y la mediana de IMC fue de 28,8 kg/m2 (RIC=24,7-33,7). El 72% de los pacientes tuvieron una o más comorbilidades con un índice de Charlson ajustado a la edad de 2 (RIC=0-5,7). Cinco pacientes (5%) estaban inmunodeprimidos. Los síntomas más comunes al momento del diagnóstico fueron fiebre (80,0%), tos (53,0%) y disnea (23,0%). La mediana de saturación de O2 en el momento del primer examen fue del 94% (RIC=90-97). La radiografía de tórax al ingreso fue compatible con neumonía en el 63% de los casos (bilateral en el 42% y unilateral en el 21%). El 30% fueron manejados en su domicilio y el 70% ingresados en el hospital. Trece pacientes ingresaron en la UCI con una mediana de 11 días de estancia en la Unidad (RIC=6,0-28,0). El score CALL de nuestra población varió de 4 a 13. En general, el 60,0% de los pacientes recibió tratamiento antibiótico y el 66,0%, tratamiento antiviral empírico, principalmente con lopinavir/ritonavir (65%) o hidroxicloroquina (42%). La mortalidad, con un mínimo de 60 días de seguimiento, fue del 23%. La mediana de edad de los pacientes fallecidos fue de 85 años (RIC=79-93). CONCLUSIONES: Encontramos una alta mortalidad en los primeros 100 pacientes diagnosticados con COVID-19 en nuestra institución, asociada con edad avanzada y presencia de enfermedades subyacentes graves


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/epidemiologia , Vírus da SARS/patogenicidade , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Espanha/epidemiologia , Estatísticas Hospitalares , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
7.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239802, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To date, several clinical laboratory parameters associated with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) severity have been reported. However, these parameters have not been observed consistently across studies. The aim of this review was to assess clinical laboratory parameters which may serve as markers or predictors of severe or critical COVID-19. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a systematic search of MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL and Google Scholar databases from 2019 through April 18, 2020, and reviewed bibliographies of eligible studies, relevant systematic reviews, and the medRxiv pre-print server. We included hospital-based observational studies reporting clinical laboratory parameters of confirmed cases of COVID-19 and excluded studies having large proportions (>10%) of children and pregnant women. Two authors independently carried out screening of articles, data extraction and quality assessment. Meta-analyses were done using random effects model. Meta-median difference (MMD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated for each laboratory parameter. Forty-five studies in 6 countries were included. Compared to non-severe COVID-19 cases, severe or critical COVID-19 was characterised by higher neutrophil count (MMD: 1.23 [95% CI: 0.58 to 1.88] ×109 cells/L), and lower lymphocyte, CD4 and CD8 T cell counts with MMD (95% CI) of -0.39 (-0.47, -0.31) ×109 cells/L, -204.9 (-302.6, -107.1) cells/µl and -123.6 (-170.6, -76.6) cells/µl, respectively. Other notable results were observed for C-reactive protein (MMD: 36.97 [95% CI: 27.58, 46.35] mg/L), interleukin-6 (MMD: 17.37 [95% CI: 4.74, 30.00] pg/ml), Troponin I (MMD: 0.01 [0.00, 0.02] ng/ml), and D-dimer (MMD: 0.65 [0.45, 0.85] mg/ml). CONCLUSIONS: Relative to non-severe COVID-19, severe or critical COVID-19 is characterised by increased markers of innate immune response, decreased markers of adaptive immune response, and increased markers of tissue damage and major organ failure. These markers could be used to recognise severe or critical disease and to monitor clinical course of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Betacoronavirus , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Contagem de Linfócitos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Pandemias , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Troponina I/sangue
8.
Discov Med ; 29(158): 201-209, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007195

RESUMO

Sepsis is an important disorder in intensive care medicine, and the emphasis is not on infections but the imbalance in body reactions and life-threatening organ dysfunction. The infection, the imbalance in the body's reaction, and the deadly organ dysfunction are three aspects of sepsis. Currently, there is still a debate on suitable criteria for the diagnosis of patients with sepsis with continuing changes in the guidelines on sepsis management. Here we summarize recent advances on the definitions, diagnosis, and treatment in the clinical practice of sepsis management in the emergency department. We also highlight future research directions on sepsis. In particular, given the global outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), we briefly describe the relationship between COVID-19 and sepsis. How to manage sepsis caused by emerging pathogens such as COVID-19 is a new challenge for care professionals in the emergency department.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Tratamento de Emergência/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Sepse/terapia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/complicações , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/virologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
9.
BMC Med Imaging ; 20(1): 111, 2020 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008329

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To develop and validate a nomogram for early identification of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) based on initial clinical and CT characteristics. METHODS: The initial clinical and CT imaging data of 217 patients with COVID-19 were analyzed retrospectively from January to March 2020. Two hundred seventeen patients with 146 mild cases and 71 severe cases were randomly divided into training and validation cohorts. Independent risk factors were selected to construct the nomogram for predicting severe COVID-19. Nomogram performance in terms of discrimination and calibration ability was evaluated using the area under the curve (AUC), calibration curve, decision curve, clinical impact curve and risk chart. RESULTS: In the training cohort, the severity score of lung in the severe group (7, interquartile range [IQR]:5-9) was significantly higher than that of the mild group (4, IQR,2-5) (P < 0.001). Age, density, mosaic perfusion sign and severity score of lung were independent risk factors for severe COVID-19. The nomogram had a AUC of 0.929 (95% CI, 0.889-0.969), sensitivity of 84.0% and specificity of 86.3%, in the training cohort, and a AUC of 0.936 (95% CI, 0.867-1.000), sensitivity of 90.5% and specificity of 88.6% in the validation cohort. The calibration curve, decision curve, clinical impact curve and risk chart showed that nomogram had high accuracy and superior net benefit in predicting severe COVID-19. CONCLUSION: The nomogram incorporating initial clinical and CT characteristics may help to identify the severe patients with COVID-19 in the early stage.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Nomogramas , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Área Sob a Curva , Criança , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Distribuição Aleatória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
10.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 5(1): 219, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33024082

RESUMO

Convalescent plasma (CP) transfusion has been indicated as a promising therapy in the treatment for other emerging viral infections. However, the quality control of CP and individual variation in patients in different studies make it rather difficult to evaluate the efficacy and risk of CP therapy for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We aimed to explore the potential efficacy of CP therapy, and to assess the possible factors associated with its efficacy. We enrolled eight critical or severe COVID-19 patients from four centers. Each patient was transfused with 200-400 mL of CP from seven recovered donors. The primary indicators for clinical efficacy assessment were the changes of clinical symptoms, laboratory parameters, and radiological image after CP transfusion. CP donors had a wide range of antibody levels measured by serology tests which were to some degree correlated with the neutralizing antibody (NAb) level. No adverse events were observed during and after CP transfusion. Following CP transfusion, six out of eight patients showed improved oxygen support status; chest CT indicated varying degrees of absorption of pulmonary lesions in six patients within 8 days; the viral load was decreased to a negative level in five patients who had the previous viremia; other laboratory parameters also tended to improve, including increased lymphocyte counts, decreased C-reactive protein, procalcitonin, and indicators for liver function. The clinical efficacy might be associated with CP transfusion time, transfused dose, and the NAb levels of CP. This study indicated that CP might be a potential therapy for severe patients with COVID-19.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imunização Passiva/métodos , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Carga Viral
11.
Trials ; 21(1): 827, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008479

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to test our hypothesis that additional administration of traditional Japanese (Kampo) medicine, kakkonto (kakkon-to: KT) and shosaikotokakikyosekko (sho-saiko-to-ka-kikyo-sekko: SSKKS), is more effective in relieving symptoms and preventing the onset of severe infection in mild-to-moderate COVID-19 patients compared to those treated only with conventional treatment. TRIAL DESIGN: The study is designed as a multi-center, interventional, parallel-group, randomized (1:1 ratio), investigator-sponsored, two-arm study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients and inpatients will be recruited from 8 Japanese academic and non-academic hospitals. The inclusion and exclusion criteria are as follows: Inclusion criteria: 1. Diagnosed as positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) 2. Clinical stages of mild-to-moderate COVID-19 3. Symptomatic 4. ≥ 20 years of age 5. Male or female 6. Ability to communicate in Japanese 7. Outpatients and inpatients 8. Provided informed consent Exclusion criteria: 1. Difficulty in providing informed consent due to dementia, psychosis, or psychiatric symptoms 2. Allergic to Kampo or Western medicines used in this study 3. Pregnant and lactating 4. Unable to follow up 5. Participating in another clinical trial or interventional study 6. Hypokalemic or taking oral furosemide or steroids 7. Determined unsuitable for this study by the physician INTERVENTION AND COMPARATOR: Patients in the control group will receive conventional treatment with antipyretics, painkillers, or antitussives for symptoms that occurred after they contracted the SARS-CoV-2 infection. Patients in the Kampo group will receive 2.5 g of KT (TJ-1@TSUMURA and Co.) and 2.5 g of SSKKS (TJ-109@TSUMURA and Co.) 3 times a day, orally, for 14 days in addition to the conventional treatment as mentioned above. MAIN OUTCOMES: The number of days till at least one of the symptoms (fever, cough, sputum, malaise, shortness of breath) improves in the first 14 days of treatment. To assess the cough, sputum, malaise, and shortness of breath, a numeric rating scale will be used to define improvement in terms of a 2-point decrease in the number of days from the start of treatment for at least 2 days. Fever will be defined as an improvement when the temperature is less than 37 °C. RANDOMIZATION: Patients are randomized (1:1 ratio) to each group using the minimization method, with balancing of the arms with severity of disease stage and patient age (< 65, 65 to < 75, or ≥ 75 years). Computer-generated random numbers will be used for the minimization method. BLINDING (MASKING): Open-label with no blinding NUMBERS TO BE RANDOMIZED (SAMPLE SIZE): The main research hypothesis of this study is that the combination of Kampo medicine and conventional treatment will significantly improve the patients' symptoms (fever, fatigue, cough, sputum, and shortness of breath) during the first 14 days of treatment as compared with conventional treatment alone. Concerning the analysis of the primary endpoint, the duration of time before improvement of at least one of the common cold-like symptoms (fever, malaise, cough, sputum, and shortness of breath) will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the survival curves will be compared between groups using the log-rank test. Assuming this method of analysis and based on previous studies reporting the efficacy of Kampo medicine for COVID-19 and H1N1 influenza patients, the median survival time in the Kampo medicine group is estimated as 3 days; this time will be 1.5 times longer in the control group. Assuming a one-sided significance level of 5%, a power of 70%, and an allocation ratio of 1:1, the required sample size is calculated as 126 cases. To compensate for a loss in follow-up, we plan to include 150 cases in both groups (Kampo group = 75, control group = 75). TRIAL STATUS: Protocol version 1.2 as of August 20, 2020 Recruitment start (expected): October 1, 2020 Recruitment finish (expected): October 31, 2023 TRIAL REGISTRATION: Japan Registry of Clinical Trials (jRCT) jRCTs021200020 . Registered on August 25, 2020 FULL PROTOCOL: The full protocol is attached as an additional file and is accessible from the Trials website (Additional file 1). In the interest of expediting the dissemination of this material, the familiar formatting has been eliminated; this Letter serves as a summary of the key elements of the full protocol.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicina Kampo , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Am J Case Rep ; 21: e927812, 2020 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND This is a case report of an immunocompromised patient with a history of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and persistent severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection who was seronegative and successfully treated with convalescent plasma. CASE REPORT A 63-year-old woman with a past medical history of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in remission while on maintenance therapy with the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, obinutuzumab, tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 via nasopharyngeal reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing over 12 weeks and persistently tested seronegative for immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies using SARS-CoV-2 IgG chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay technology. During this time, the patient experienced waxing and waning of symptoms, which included fever, myalgia, and non-productive cough, but never acquired severe respiratory distress. She was admitted to our hospital on illness day 88, and her symptoms resolved after the administration of convalescent plasma. CONCLUSIONS As the understanding of the pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 continues to evolve, we can currently only speculate about the occurrence of chronic infection vs. reinfection. The protective role of antibodies and their longevity against SARS-CoV-2 remain unclear. Since humoral immunity has an integral role in SARS-CoV-2 infection, various phase 3 vaccine trials are underway. In the context of this pandemic, the present case demonstrates the challenges in our understanding of testing and treating immunocompromised patients.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Linfoma não Hodgkin/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imunização Passiva/métodos , Linfoma não Hodgkin/complicações , Linfoma não Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Testes Sorológicos/métodos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Ann Emerg Med ; 76(4): 442-453, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012378

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to create a predictive, interpretable model of early hospital respiratory failure among emergency department (ED) patients admitted with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: This was an observational, retrospective, cohort study from a 9-ED health system of admitted adult patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (COVID-19) and an oxygen requirement less than or equal to 6 L/min. We sought to predict respiratory failure within 24 hours of admission as defined by oxygen requirement of greater than 10 L/min by low-flow device, high-flow device, noninvasive or invasive ventilation, or death. Predictive models were compared with the Elixhauser Comorbidity Index, quick Sequential [Sepsis-related] Organ Failure Assessment, and the CURB-65 pneumonia severity score. RESULTS: During the study period, from March 1 to April 27, 2020, 1,792 patients were admitted with COVID-19, 620 (35%) of whom had respiratory failure in the ED. Of the remaining 1,172 admitted patients, 144 (12.3%) met the composite endpoint within the first 24 hours of hospitalization. On the independent test cohort, both a novel bedside scoring system, the quick COVID-19 Severity Index (area under receiver operating characteristic curve mean 0.81 [95% confidence interval {CI} 0.73 to 0.89]), and a machine-learning model, the COVID-19 Severity Index (mean 0.76 [95% CI 0.65 to 0.86]), outperformed the Elixhauser mortality index (mean 0.61 [95% CI 0.51 to 0.70]), CURB-65 (0.50 [95% CI 0.40 to 0.60]), and quick Sequential [Sepsis-related] Organ Failure Assessment (0.59 [95% CI 0.50 to 0.68]). A low quick COVID-19 Severity Index score was associated with a less than 5% risk of respiratory decompensation in the validation cohort. CONCLUSION: A significant proportion of admitted COVID-19 patients progress to respiratory failure within 24 hours of admission. These events are accurately predicted with bedside respiratory examination findings within a simple scoring system.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Respiratória/virologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxigenoterapia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Adulto Jovem
14.
BMJ Open ; 10(10): e039887, 2020 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020106

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the age-specific clinical presentations and incidence of adverse outcomes among patients with COVID-19 in Jiangsu, China. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective, multicentre cohort study performed at 24 hospitals in Jiangsu, China. PARTICIPANTS: 625 patients with COVID-19 enrolled between 10 January and 15 March 2020. RESULTS: Of the 625 patients (median age, 46 years; 329 (52.6%) men), 37 (5.9%) were children (18 years or younger), 261 (41.8%) young adults (19-44 years), 248 (39.7%) middle-aged adults (45-64 years) and 79 (12.6%) elderly adults (65 years or older). The incidence of hypertension, coronary heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and diabetes comorbidities increased with age (trend test, p<0.0001, p=0.0003, p<0.0001 and p<0.0001, respectively). Fever, cough and shortness of breath occurred more commonly among older patients, especially the elderly, compared with children (χ2 test, p=0.0008, 0.0146 and 0.0282, respectively). The quadrant score and pulmonary opacity score increased with age (trend test, both p<0.0001). Older patients had many significantly different laboratory parameters from younger patients. Elderly patients had the highest proportion of severe or critically-ill cases (33.0%, χ2 test p<0.0001), intensive care unit use (35.4%, χ2 test p<0.0001), respiratory failure (31.6%, χ2 test p<0.0001) and the longest hospital stay (median 21 days, Kruskal-Wallis test p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Elderly (≥65 years) patients with COVID-19 had the highest risk of severe or critical illness, intensive care use, respiratory failure and the longest hospital stay, which may be due partly to their having a higher incidence of comorbidities and poor immune responses to COVID-19.


Assuntos
Fatores Etários , Infecções por Coronavirus , Cuidados Críticos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Avaliação de Sintomas , Adolescente , Idoso , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Cuidados Críticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Estado Terminal/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos , Avaliação de Sintomas/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
Trials ; 21(1): 828, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023671

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Primary objectives • To assess the time from randomisation until an improvement within 84 days defined as two points on a seven point ordinal scale or live discharge from the hospital in high-risk patients (group 1 to group 4) with SARS-CoV-2 infection requiring hospital admission by infusion of plasma from subjects after convalescence of SARS-CoV-2 infection or standard of care. Secondary objectives • To assess overall survival, and the overall survival rate at 28 56 and 84 days. • To assess SARS-CoV-2 viral clearance and load as well as antibody titres. • To assess the percentage of patients that required mechanical ventilation. • To assess time from randomisation until discharge. TRIAL DESIGN: Randomised, open-label, multicenter phase II trial, designed to assess the clinical outcome of SARS-CoV-2 disease in high-risk patients (group 1 to group 4) following treatment with anti-SARS-CoV-2 convalescent plasma or standard of care. PARTICIPANTS: High-risk patients >18 years of age hospitalized with SARS-CoV-2 infection in 10-15 university medical centres will be included. High-risk is defined as SARS-CoV-2 positive infection with Oxygen saturation at ≤ 94% at ambient air with additional risk features as categorised in 4 groups: • Group 1, pre-existing or concurrent hematological malignancy and/or active cancer therapy (incl. chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery) within the last 24 months or less. • Group 2, chronic immunosuppression not meeting the criteria of group 1. • Group 3, age ≥ 50 - 75 years meeting neither the criteria of group 1 nor group 2 and at least one of these criteria: Lymphopenia < 0.8 x G/l and/or D-dimer > 1µg/mL. • Group 4, age ≥ 75 years meeting neither the criteria of group 1 nor group 2. Observation time for all patients is expected to be at least 3 months after entry into the study. Patients receive convalescent plasma for two days (day 1 and day 2) or standard of care. For patients in the standard arm, cross over is allowed from day 10 in case of not improving or worsening clinical condition. Nose/throat swabs for determination of viral load are collected at day 0 and day 1 (before first CP administration) and subsequently at day 2, 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, 28 or until discharge. Serum for SARS-Cov-2 diagnostic is collected at baseline and subsequently at day 3, 7, 14 and once during the follow-up period (between day 35 and day 84). There is a regular follow-up of 3 months. All discharged patients are followed by regular phone calls. All visits, time points and study assessments are summarized in the Trial Schedule (see full protocol Table 1). All participating trial sites will be supplied with study specific visit worksheets that list all assessments and procedures to be completed at each visit. All findings including clinical and laboratory data are documented by the investigator or an authorized member of the study team in the patient's medical record and in the electronic case report forms (eCRFs). INTERVENTION AND COMPARATOR: This trial will analyze the effects of convalescent plasma from recovered subjects with SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in high-risk patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Patients at high risk for a poor outcome due to underlying disease, age or condition as listed above are eligible for enrollment. In addition, eligible patients have a confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection and O2 saturation ≤ 94% while breathing ambient air. Patients are randomised to receive (experimental arm) or not receive (standard arm) convalescent plasma in two bags (238 - 337 ml plasma each) from different donors (day 1, day 2). A cross over from the standard arm into the experimental arm is possible after day 10 in case of not improving or worsening clinical condition. MAIN OUTCOMES: Primary endpoints: The main purpose of the study is to assess the time from randomisation until an improvement within 84 days defined as two points on a seven-point ordinal scale or live discharge from the hospital in high-risk patients (group 1 to group 4) with SARS-CoV-2 infection requiring hospital admission by infusion of plasma from subjects after convalescence of a SARS-CoV-2 infection or standard of care. Secondary endpoints: • Overall survival, defined as the time from randomisation until death from any cause 28-day, 56-day and 84-day overall survival rates. • SARS-CoV-2 viral clearance and load as well as antibody titres. • Requirement mechanical ventilation at any time during hospital stay (yes/no). • Time until discharge from randomisation. • Viral load, changes in antibody titers and cytokine profiles are analysed in an exploratory manner using paired non-parametric tests (before - after treatment). RANDOMISATION: Upon confirmation of eligibility (patients must meet all inclusion criteria and must not meet exclusion criteria described in section 5.3 and 5.4 of the full protocol), the clinical site must contact a centralized internet randomization system ( https://randomizer.at/ ). Patients are randomized using block randomisation to one of the two arms, experimental arm or standard arm, in a 1:1 ratio considering a stratification according to the 4 risk groups (see Participants). BLINDING (MASKING): The study is open-label, no blinding will be performed. NUMBERS TO BE RANDOMISED (SAMPLE SIZE): A total number of 174 patients is required for the entire trial, n=87 per group. TRIAL STATUS: Protocol version 1.2 dated 09/07/2020. A recruitment period of approximately 9 months and an overall study duration of approximately 12 months is anticipated. Recruitment of patients starts in the third quarter of 2020. The study duration of an individual patient is planned to be 3 months. After finishing all study-relevant procedures, therapy, and follow-up period, the patient is followed in terms of routine care and treated if necessary. Total trial duration: 18 months Duration of the clinical phase: 12 months First patient first visit (FPFV): 3rd Quarter 2020 Last patient first visit (LPFV): 2nd Quarter 2021 Last patient last visit (LPLV): 3rd Quarter 2021 Trial Report completed: 4th Quarter 2021 TRIAL REGISTRATION: EudraCT Number: 2020-001632-10, https://www.clinicaltrialsregister.eu/ctr-search/trial/2020-001632-10/DE , registered on 04/04/2020. FULL PROTOCOL: The full protocol is attached as an additional file, accessible from the Trials website (Additional file 1). In the interest in expediting dissemination of this material, the familiar formatting has been eliminated; this Letter serves as a summary of the key elements of the full protocol. The study protocol has been reported in accordance with the Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Clinical Interventional Trials (SPIRIT) guidelines (Additional file 2). The eCRF is attached (Additional file 3).


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Plasma/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral , Idoso , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Convalescença , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunização Passiva/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Risco Ajustado , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
16.
Rev. neurol. (Ed. impr.) ; 71(5): 186-190, 1 sept., 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193458

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La infección grave por el SARS-CoV-2 ha demostrado un incremento del riesgo de fenómenos trombóticos, especialmente venosos. Los catéteres venosos centrales también se han asociado a un mayor riesgo de complicaciones trombóticas. El embolismo paradójico como mecanismo etiológico del ictus isquémico debe tenerse en cuenta en un contexto protrombótico elevado, en el que puede ser más frecuente. CASO CLÍNICO: Mujer de 40 años, portadora de un catéter venoso central, con ictus isquémico de gran vaso, tratada con trombectomía mecánica por embolismo paradójico atípico durante el ingreso en cuidados intensivos por neumonía bilateral por COVID-19. Dentro del estudio etiológico, destacaba analíticamente una elevación del dímero D y shunt derecha-izquierda con paso masivo de contraste directamente desde la vía central de acceso periférico en la extremidad superior izquierda a la aurícula izquierda en el ecocardiograma transesofágico. Una angiotomografía torácica mostró una estructura venosa anómala con origen en la vena subclavia y drenaje a la vena segmentaria del lóbulo superior izquierdo con vaciado directo a la aurícula izquierda. Se decidió anticoagulación hasta la retirada del catéter venoso central y antiagregación simple al alta. CONCLUSIONES: El embolismo paradójico por shunt intra o extracardíaco debe considerarse en pacientes con COVID-19, dado el elevado riesgo tromboembólico venoso asociado. Para definir el manejo profiláctico y terapéutico óptimo son necesarios más estudios


INTRODUCTION: Severe infection by SARS-CoV-2 has shown to entail an increased risk of thrombotic, especially venous, events. Central venous catheters have also been associated with an increased risk of thrombotic complications. Paradoxical embolism as an aetiological mechanism of ischaemic stroke should be considered in a highly prothrombotic context, where it may be more frequent. CASE REPORT: A 40-year-old woman with a central venous catheter, with a large vessel ischaemic stroke, treated with mechanical thrombectomy for an atypical paradoxical embolism while in intensive care for bilateral COVID-19 pneumonia. In the aetiological study, analysis highlighted an elevation of the D-dimer and right-left shunt with massive passage of contrast directly from the central peripheral access pathway in the left upper extremity to the left atrium in the transoesophageal echocardiogram. Thoracic tomographic angiography showed an anomalous venous structure with its origin in the subclavian vein and drainage to the segmental vein of the left upper lobe with direct emptying into the left atrium. Treatment consisted in anticoagulation until removal of the central venous catheter and simple anti-aggregating medication on discharge. CONCLUSIONS: Paradoxical embolism due to intra- or extra-cardiac shunt should be considered in patients with COVID-19, given the high associated risk of venous thromboembolism. Further studies are needed to be able to define optimal prophylactic and therapeutic management


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Tromboembolia/virologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/virologia , Pandemias , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tromboembolia/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem
17.
Hipertens. riesgo vasc ; 37(3): 133-136, jul.-sept. 2020. ilus, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193522

RESUMO

La disfunción autonómica es una enfermedad muy frecuente en las alfa-sinucleoinopatías (enfermedad de Parkinson, demencia por cuerpos de Lewy, atrofia multisistémica). A nivel cardiovascular puede producir síntomas como hipotensión ortostática, hipertensión supina o disminución de la respuesta de la frecuencia cardiaca a estímulos. Para el diagnóstico es fundamental una sospecha clínica y una exploración física minuciosa, tomando la presión arterial tanto en posición de decúbito supino como en bipedestación. El electrocardiograma puede mostrar un alargamiento de los intervalos PR y QT, mientras que la monitorización ambulatoria de presión arterial de 24 h aporta información sobre los patrones de presión arterial. La confirmación de la disfunción simpática cardiaca puede realizarse con una gammagrafía miocárdica de inervación con 123-I-metilbencilguanidina (123-I-MIBG), ya que refleja la captación noradrenérgica neuronal específica. A continuación presentamos el caso de un varón con enfermedad de Parkinson que tras un completo estudio fue diagnosticado de disfunción autonómica cardiovascular


Autonomic dysfunction is a common condition in the alpha-synucleinopathies (Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, multiple system atrophy). Cardiovascular symptoms may include orthostatic hypotension, supine hypertension or decreased heart rate response. A clinical suspicion and physical examination are essential for diagnosis, taking blood pressure in supine and standing positions. The electrocardiogram may show a prolongation of the PR and QT intervals, while 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring provides information on blood pressure patterns. Cardiac sympathetic dysfunction can be confirmed by an innervation myocardial scintigraphy with 123-I-methylbenzylguanidine (123-I-MIBG). This can reflect specific neuronal noradrenergic uptake.We present the case of a man with Parkinson's disease who was diagnosed with cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction after a complete study


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/complicações , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/complicações , Pressão Arterial/efeitos dos fármacos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Eletrocardiografia , Frequência Cardíaca , Captopril , Síndrome do QT Longo/diagnóstico
18.
Aten. prim. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 52(7): 496-500, ago.-sept. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-189918

RESUMO

Varios artículos recientes sugieren que la obesidad es un factor de riesgo para una enfermedad más grave por coronavirus. En este artículo se resume la evidencia científica disponible sobre el papel de la obesidad en COVID-19, con especial atención en las personas más jóvenes y los mecanismos biológicos propuestos para explicar tanto el mayor riesgo observado como la posible mayor contagiosidad de esta población. Se consideran varias implicaciones de la pandemia sobre las personas con obesidad, en relación con las posibles dificultades en el manejo de los pacientes ingresados, las implicaciones del confinamiento sobre el control y tratamiento de la obesidad, y el estigma que sufren estas personas por su condición, y que puede verse aumentado si se confirma la relación de la obesidad con COVID-19. Comprender el papel de la obesidad en COVID-19 debería ser una prioridad de salud pública, dada la alta prevalencia de esta condición en nuestro país


Recent reports suggest that obesity is a risk factor for more severe coronavirus disease. This article summarizes the available scientific evidence on the role of obesity in COVID-19. We focus on implications for younger patients and the proposed biological mechanisms that could explain both the higher risk observed and the possible higher contagiousness of people with obesity. We consider implications of the pandemic for people with obesity in relation to: difficulties in managing hospitalized patients, implications of confinement for the control and treatment of obesity, and the stigma people with obesity suffer, that could increase should the relationship between obesity and COVID-19 be confirmed. Understanding the role of obesity in COVID-19 should be a public health priority, given the high prevalence of this condition in our country


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Betacoronavirus , Pandemias , Obesidade/complicações , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Fatores de Risco
19.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 155(5): 191-196, sept. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-190153

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to assess organ function in 102 patients with severe COVID-19 infections, using retrospective clinical analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 102 patients with severe COVID-19 infections. The patients were divided into a survival group (n = 73) and a non-survival group (n = 29) according to their prognosis. The age, sex, underlying diseases, clinical laboratory data within 48 h (routine blood tests, ALT, AST, TBIL, ALB, BUN, CR, D-Dimer, PT, APTT, FIB, F VIII:C, CK-MB, CK, and LDH), and ventilation status were collected. The organ functions of these severe COVID-19 patients were assessed by comparing the differences between the two groups. RESULTS: AST, BUN, CR, CK-MB, LDH, and CK in the non-survival group were higher than those in the survival group, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). D-Dimer, PT, FIB, and F VIII:C in the non-survival group were higher than the values observed in the survival group, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). PLT, AST, BUN, CR, D-Dimer, PT, FIB, F VIII:C, CK-MB, CK, and LDH predicted the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the COVID19 endpoint events and were 0.721, 0.854, 0.867, 0.757, 0.699, 0.679, 0.715, 0.811, 0.935, and 0.802, respectively. CONCLUSION: The results showed that there were different degrees of damage to the liver, kidneys, blood coagulation, and heart function in the non-survival group. In addition, PLT, AST, BUN, CR, D-Dimer, PT, FIB, F VIII:C, CK-MB, CK, and LDH had value in evaluating disease prognosis


OBJETIVO: Nuestro estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar la función del órgano en 102 pacientes con infección grave COVID-19 mediante análisis clínicos retrospectivos. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Análisis retrospectivo de 102 pacientes con infección grave COVID-19. Los pacientes se dividieron en grupo de supervivencia (n=73) y grupo de no supervivencia (n = 29) según la pre-fase. Edad, género, enfermedades subyacentes, datos de laboratorio clínico dentro de las 48h (prueba de sangre de rutina, ALT, AST, TBIL, ALB, BUN, CR, dímero D, PT, APTT, FIB, F VIII: C, CK-MB, CK y LDH), y el estado de ventilación. Al comparar las diferencias entre los 2 grupos, se evaluó la función orgánica de estos pacientes graves con COVID-19. RESULTADOS: AST, BUN, CR, CK-MB, LDH y CK fueron todos más altos que el grupo de supervivencia en el grupo no sobreviviente, con una diferencia estadísticamente significativa (p < 0,05). Dímero D, PT, FIB y F VIII: C fueron mayores que el grupo de supervivencia en el grupo de no supervivencia, y la diferencia fue estadísticamente significativa (p < 0,05). PLT, AST, BUN, CR, dímero D, PT, FIB, F VIII: C, CK-MB, CK y LDH predijeron el área de curva inferior ROC (AUC) del evento final COVID-19, a 0,721, 0,854, 0,867, 0,757, 0,699, 0,679, 0,715, 0,811, 0,935 y 0,802, respectivamente. CONCLUSIÓN: Los resultados mostraron que el grupo de no supervivencia tenía diferentes grados de daño al hígado, riñón, coagulación y función cardíaca. Además, PLT, AST, BUN, CR, dímero D, PT, FIB, F VIII:C, CK-MB, CK y LDH tienen valor en la evaluación del pronóstico de la enfermedad


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Betacoronavirus , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Ventilação não Invasiva , Curva ROC , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica
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