Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.606
Filtrar
1.
J Oral Sci ; 62(1): 89-92, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996531

RESUMO

The oral hygiene and oral status of children with severe disabilities with both nutritional and respiratory complications who were institutionalized at Karugamonoie (KNI), a facility for children with disabilities, were investigated in this study. Their oral hygiene management was solely dependent on caregivers and nurses at the institution. Thirty children (13 females, 17 males; average age, 7.6 years) who had a tracheotomy and feeding tube (gastrostomy, nasogastric, or jejunostomy feeding tube) were included in the study. As for oral characteristics, poor control of tongue movement, anterior open-bite, abnormal strain of facial muscles, dry mouth, and swallowing dysfunction were found in 63.3%, 63.3%, 13.3%, 20.0%, and 100.0%, of the children, respectively. The mean ± standard deviation Decayed, Missing, Filled Teeth score was 0.13 ± 0.57. The Gingival Index (GI) showed that the children had mild (53.3%) to moderate (46.7%) gingivitis. The Simplified Oral Hygiene Index was excellent in 50.0% of the children, good in 23.3%, fair in 20.0%, and poor in 6.7% of the children. These indices were satisfactory in general except for GI management, which may have been hampered by abnormal oral functions and anterior open-bite. In conclusion, oral hygiene management of children with nutritional and respiratory complications at KNI was shown to be of high quality even without on-site intervention by dental specialists.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Deficiência Intelectual , Criança , Criança Institucionalizada , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Higiene Bucal , Índice de Higiene Oral
2.
Odontoestomatol ; 21(34): 27-32, Jul-Dic. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, InstitutionalDB | ID: biblio-1024967

RESUMO

Objetivo: Determinar el Índice de Higiene Oral en escolares de 12 años, de la Parroquia Checa del Cantón Cuenca, Provincia del Azuay ­ Ecuador, 2016. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal; la técnica empleada para determinar el estado del perfil epidemiológico fue observacional. Los indicadores se lograron obtener por una encuesta estructurada. Resultados: De los 109 escolares de 12 años encuestados se observó un ligero predominio del sexo femenino (58%) sobre el sexo masculino (42%). Además, se determinó que el 47,7% presenta una buena higiene oral, el 36,7% una higiene oral excelente, el 14,7% una higiene oral regular y el 0,9% una mala higiene oral, dando como resultado que más de la mitad de los escolares presentan un IHO bueno y excelente. Conclusión: Existe un mayor número de escolares con higiene oral buena sin encontrar variación significativa en cuanto al sexo masculino con el femenino.


Objective: To determine the Oral Hygiene Index in schoolchildren aged 12,from the Checa parish of Canton Cuenca, Province of Azuay, Ecuador, 2016. Materials and methods: Descriptive crosssectional study; the observational technique was applied to determinethe state of the epidemiological profile. The indicators were obtained through astructured survey. Results: In the 109 schoolchildren surveyed, there was as light predominance of females (58%) over males (42%). In addition, 47.7% presented good oral hygiene, 36.7% excellent oral hygiene, 14.7% regular oralhygiene and 0.9% poor oral hygiene, therefore, over half the students presenta good or excellent OHI. Conclusion: Most schoolchildren have good oral hygiene, and there are no significant variations in terms of sex.


Objetivo: Determinar o Índice de Higiene Oral em escolares de 12 anos, da Vila Checa do cidade de Cuenca, Estado de Azuay- Equador, 2016. Materiais e métodos: Estudo descritivo transversal; A técnica utilizada para determinar o status do perfil epidemiológico foi observacional. Os indicadores foram obtidos por meio de uma pesquisa estruturada. Resultados: Dos 109 escolares de 12 anos pesquisados, observouse discreto predomínio do sexo feminino (58%) em relação ao sexo masculino (42%). Além disso, determinou-se que 47,7% apresentavam boa higiene bucal, 36,7% excelente higiene bucal, 14,7% higiene bucal regular e 0,9% má higiene bucal, resultando em mais da metade dos estudantes apresentam um bom e excelente IHO.Conclusão: Existe um número maior de escolares com boa higiene bucal sem encontrar variação significativa no sexo masculino com o feminino.


Assuntos
Humanos , Índice de Higiene Oral , Criança , Equador
3.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(8): 1157-1162, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417061

RESUMO

Background: The aims of this study are to present sociodemographic and familial characteristics, clinical and systemic findings, dental treatment needs, and concomitant dental anomalies in patients with amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) and to evaluate time-varying conditions in these long-term follow-up patients. Materials and Methods: Records of patients with AI who were examined in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry between 1999 and 2017 were reviewed. Information about sociodemographic characteristics, history of AI and consanguinity in family, systemic conditions, reasons for referral to the clinic, oral hygiene habits and gingival health, occlusion findings, and performed treatments were gathered. Dental anomalies in radiographs were also evaluated. Baseline and final situations of the patients were assessed. Statistical analyses were performed. Results: Of 75 patients aged 3-15 years with follow-ups up to 12 years, 34 had AI in their families and 15 were born from consanguineous marriages. Nephrocalcinosis has been observed in 5 patients. Main reasons for referral to the clinic were related to esthetic and hypersensitivity concerns. Twenty-two patients had gingivitis, and during follow-up process, gingival problems could not be completely prevented due to poor oral hygiene habits. Vertical dimension loss, open-bite, and cross-bite were seen in 16, 15, and 10 patients, respectively. Of the patients, 63% experienced restorative, 33% stainless steel crown, 17% endodontic, 8% prosthetic treatments, and 24% had retreatment needs. Concomitant dental anomalies were dens invaginatus, taurodontism, ectopic eruption, delayed eruption, hypodontia, and pulpal calcification. Conclusion: Early diagnosis and interventions considering the time-varying conditions with long-term follow-ups provide significant improvements in clinical maintenance of patients with AI.


Assuntos
Amelogênese Imperfeita/diagnóstico por imagem , Amelogênese Imperfeita/terapia , Esmalte Dentário/anormalidades , Reabilitação Bucal/métodos , Radiografia Panorâmica , Adolescente , Amelogênese Imperfeita/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Sensibilidade da Dentina/epidemiologia , Sensibilidade da Dentina/terapia , Estética Dentária , Feminino , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Má Oclusão , Nefrocalcinose/epidemiologia , Nefrocalcinose/terapia , Índice de Higiene Oral , Aço Inoxidável
4.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e022, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269111

RESUMO

Oral hygiene, which is measured by the status of plaque-free tooth surfaces, is essential for the promotion of oral health. This study aimed to determine the social predictors of good oral hygiene for children in a suburban population in Nigeria. This was a secondary analysis of data. The study participants were 8- to 16-year-old children who were residents in Ile-Ife, which is a suburban population in Nigeria. Information on the age, gender, socioeconomic status, family structure, number of siblings and birth rank of each study participant was retrieved from the an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Oral hygiene status was determined through a simplified-oral hygiene index (OHI-S) and categorized as good, fair and poor. The association between oral hygiene status and sociodemographic variables was determined. The predictors of good oral hygiene were determined using a binomial regression analysis. Data on 2,107 individuals were retrieved, of which 44.8% had good oral hygiene and 17.1% had poor oral hygiene. The odds of having good oral hygiene were reduced for children who were 13 to 16 years old (p = 0.02) or male (P=0.002) and children with low socioeconomic status (p ≤ 0.001). The odds of having good oral hygiene increased for children who were last-born compared with those who were first-born (p = 0.02). Age, gender, socioeconomic status and birth-rank were significant social predictive factors of oral hygiene status among the study population. Based on these findings, targeted interventions can be conducted to improve the oral hygiene status of children and adolescents with these social profiles.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal , Índice de Higiene Oral , Fatores Sexuais , Classe Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Pediatr. aten. prim ; 21(82): e47-e59, abr.-jun. 2019. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184586

RESUMO

Introducción: la caries dental es una enfermedad crónica, con elevada prevalencia en preescolares españoles. La falta de higiene, la alimentación inadecuada y las algias dentarias son problemas de salud frecuentes en nuestra zona básica de salud según los resultados del análisis de situación de salud. El objetivo de este trabajo es estudiar la prevalencia de caries dental en niños de tres a cinco años en nuestra zona básica de salud mediante un estudio descriptivo transversal. Material y métodos: se realiza la inspección bucodental por dentista y la recogida de datos por higienista dental en escolares de primer, segundo y tercer curso de Educación Infantil. La variable principal estudiada es la presencia de caries. Los datos son registrados en fichas individuales y volcados en una base de datos elaborada en el programa SPSS, donde se realiza el análisis descriptivo de los mismos. Resultados: de 150 niños escolarizados en educación infantil en la zona, se revisan 121 que acuden a clase el día que se realiza la revisión (80,7%). En primer curso un 46% de los niños presentan caries, en segundo un 40,5% y en tercero encontramos un 77,3% de niños con caries en dientes temporales y un 20,8% en definitivos. Conclusiones: las cifras de caries en nuestra zona básica de salud son altas, muy superiores a los datos nacionales. Es necesario aumentar las actividades preventivas en la primera infancia, en especial en las zonas de menor nivel social como la nuestra


Introduction: dental caries is a chronic disease with a high prevalence in Spanish young children. A poor oral hygiene, inadequate dietary habits and toothaches are frequent problems in our health district based on a previous situation analysis of health. Our objective was to perform a cross-sectional descriptive study to assess the prevalence of dental caries in children aged 3 to 5 years in our health district. Materials and methods: a dentist performed an oral and dental evaluation while a dental hygienist collected data in children enrolled in years 1, 2 and 3 of preschool. The primary outcome was the presence of caries. The data were collected in individual forms and subsequently entered in a database created with the software SPSS, which we also used to perform the descriptive analysis of the data. Results: of the 150 children enrolled in preschool in our health district, we assessed 121 that attended school on the day that we carried out the checkups (80.7%). We found caries in deciduous teeth in 46% of children enrolled in year 1, 40.5% of children in year 2 and 77.3% of children in year 3, and in permanent teeth in 20.8% of children in year 3. Conclusions: the prevalence of caries was much higher in our health district compared to the previously reported nationwide prevalence. We need to increase the preventive interventions targeted to early childhood, especially in disadvantaged areas like our health district


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Índice de Higiene Oral , Comportamento Alimentar/classificação , Odontopatias/epidemiologia , Dentição Permanente , Dente Decíduo , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudos Transversais
6.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 63, 2019 04 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31029116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Visual impairment is an important disability affecting a substantial proportion of people globally. The aim of this study was to assess the oral health status of visually impaired schoolchildren in northeast China, and to investigate the influencing factors. METHODS: The study was performed in 2015, according to the criteria and methods used in the Third National Oral Health Epidemiological Survey in China. One hundred and three visually impaired schoolchildren from the only special school for the blind in northeast China were included in the study. Oral examinations were performed to assess the caries of deciduous and permanent teeth, periodontal disease, malocclusion. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted to investigate oral health-related behaviors, knowledge and attitude about oral care. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of caries was 78.64%, and mean number of caries was 2.43 ± 2.75. The prevalence of caries in deciduous and permanent teeth was 65.22 and 71.84%, respectively. The rates of gingival bleeding and dental calculus were 44.66 and 67.96%, respectively. Malocclusion was observed in 49.51% of the children with visual impairment. The prevalence of caries was significantly higher in girls than boys (P < 0.05). The logistic regression analysis identified the knowledge level of parents and the toothache experience as risk factors for oral health, while the daily use of fluoride toothpaste could reduce the caries incidence. CONCLUSIONS: This group of visually impaired schoolchildren exhibited a high prevalence of dental caries, poor periodontal health, and severe malocclusion. Oral health status is relatively poor among visually impaired schoolchildren in northeast China. Factors that significantly affected the prevalence of dental caries included education level of the mother, experience of toothache, and use of fluoride toothpaste.


Assuntos
Cegueira/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal , Doenças Periodontais , Cegueira/complicações , Cegueira/psicologia , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Assistência Odontológica para Pessoas com Deficiências , Cárie Dentária/complicações , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Índice de Higiene Oral , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Perfil de Impacto da Doença
7.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 17(2): 117-124, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30968067

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the quality of toothbrushing of children with intellectual disability (ID). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred thirty-six children, 68 with ID (SG = study group) and 68 non-ID (CG = control group), were paired. Their caregivers completed a questionnaire about socioeconomic and demographic characteristics and another about oral hygiene habits. The toothbrushing technique and position adopted were documented and the duration of the procedure was measured. A modification of the Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (SM-OHI) was used to classify the quality of brushing as: adequate, when all the teeth had SM-OHI 0 or 1; or inadequate, when at least one tooth had SM-OHI 2 or 3. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to assess the normality of data distribution for age, duration of brushing and SM-OHI. Fisher's exact test and the chi-squared test were applied to assess the association between ID and oral hygiene habits or characteristics of toothbrushing. To compare the duration of brushing groups, the Mann-Whitney test was applied. Student's t-test for independent samples was applied to compare mean MS-OHI. RESULTS: Mothers were the main persons performing children's toothbrushing in SG. They reported a higher daily brushing frequency, longer toothbrushing duration of children in the SG, SG children had lower SM-OHI scores and were thus rated as having adequate toothbrushing, in contrast to the CG (p < 0.001, p < 0.001; p = 0.012; p < 0.001; p < 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSION: Toothbrushing provided by caregivers for ID children was more effective than toothbrushing carried out by non-ID children of the same age and gender.


Assuntos
Deficiência Intelectual , Escovação Dentária/normas , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Mães , Saúde Bucal , Higiene Bucal , Índice de Higiene Oral , Fatores de Tempo
8.
Presse Med ; 48(2): e89-e99, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30853291

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the oral health status of a sample of patients with schizophrenia (PWS) in Côte d'Or region (France) and to determine the factors associated with dental status. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A multicenter cross-sectional descriptive study was performed. PWS were selected using a random stratified method. Dental status was investigated using the Decayed, Missing, or Filled Teeth (DMFT) index, based on 32 teeth. The Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S), the Xerostomia Index (XI) and the Global Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) for Oral Health-related Quality of Life (OHrQoL) were recorded. RESULTS: Among the 302 persons identified, 109 were included (acceptance rate was 49.1%). Of these, 61.5% were men. The mean age was 46.8 years±12.0 years. The majority (78%) had completed a secondary education (SE). The mean duration of mental illness (DMI) was 17.9±9.4 years, and 55.5% were taking drugs. The mean DMFT was 16.6±8.1. There was a significant relationship between age, SE, oral health variables, medical conditions and OHrQoL. CONCLUSIONS: PWS describe a poor OHrQoL. The dental and hygiene index scores are poor. We observed a lack of brushing and of dental visit for these persons and a gap in oral health between PWS and general population.


Assuntos
Índice CPO , Pessoas Mentalmente Doentes , Índice de Higiene Oral , Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida
9.
J Oral Sci ; 61(1): 133-139, 2019 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30814390

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the presence of gingivitis estimated using the salivary level of lactate dehydrogenase (LD) and related factors in young Japanese adults. Data from 1,915 participants (21.4 ± 2.5 years) were analyzed. Unstimulated saliva was collected from each participant and the salivary LD level was evaluated using a commercially available test kit with an integer scale ranging from 1 to 10. Gingivitis was defined as the LD level of ≥8. The number of permanent teeth, the simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S), the presence of partially erupted molars and body mass index were recorded. Additionally, participants answered a questionnaire. The percentage of male participants, the number of permanent teeth, the OHI-S and the presence of partially erupted molars were higher, whereas the proportion receiving dental check-ups was lower in the gingivitis group (n = 88, 4.6%) than in the healthy group. Logistic regression analysis showed that gingivitis was significantly associated with OHI-S (OR: 2.68, 95% CI: 1.94-3.69) and receiving dental checkups (OR: 0.31, 95% CI: 0.10-0.99). The present findings indicated that the OHI-S and receiving dental checkups were significantly associated with gingivitis, as assessed by the salivary LD level, in this cohort.


Assuntos
Gengivite/enzimologia , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Saliva/enzimologia , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Japão , Índice de Higiene Oral , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
10.
Indian J Dent Res ; 30(1): 15-20, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30900650

RESUMO

Background: Motivation is a theoretical construct used to explain behavior, it gives the reasons for people's action, desires, and needs, and it drives an individual to a certain action and determines human behavior. Aim: To determine the effect of motivation on oral hygiene and caries status among young adults in Hyderabad city. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 18-20-year-old engineering college students of Nagole Institute of Technology and Sciences. Materials and Methods: Intrinsic motivation was evaluated using a self-reported 12-item dental intrinsic motivation scale (DIM-S). The oral examination included simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S) and decayed, missing, filled teeth index (DMFT index). Statistical Analysis Used: : Mann-Whitney U-test and ANOVA test were used for comparison among the variables included in the study. Spearman's correlation was used to correlate DIM-S with oral parameters. Results: A total of 393 students participated in the study with majority of them being male (61.8%). It was observed that 69% of the students were extrinsically motivated and only 31% of them were intrinsically motivated. However, intrinsically motivated females had a higher significant score for calculus index-simplified and OHI-S scores. All oral parameters showed a negative correlation, except decayed component and the overall DMFT. However, no statistical significance was noticed among the variables. Conclusion: The present study revealed that to motivate people successfully, one not only has to give them information but also has to pay attention to the individual reasons which restrict their behavior.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Motivação , Higiene Bucal/psicologia , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Índice de Higiene Oral , Adulto Jovem
11.
Spec Care Dentist ; 39(3): 255-261, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30861167

RESUMO

AIM: The study aims to assess the effectiveness of oral health education on oral hygiene status among schizophrenic patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: A randomized parallel controlled trial was conducted among schizophrenic patients (n = 111) with BPR score of ≤ 48 to assess the role of oral health education on their oral hygiene status. The experimental group (n = 56) received oral health education while the control group (n = 55) were administered standard care advice. Reinforcement in the form of printed calendar was done after 1 month followed by final assessment of KAP (knowledge, attitude and practice) through DCBS (Dental Coping Beliefs Scale), while oral hygiene through the oral hygiene index done after 2 months. Majority of subjects were males with mean age of 34.73 ± 9.9 years and mean duration of illness of 6.41 ± 5.2 years. All domains of the modified DCBS showed significant improvement in the experimental group. Frequency of brushing twice a day increased from 5.4% to 23.2% (p < 0.05) in the experimental group. DI score was 2.28 ± 0.93 versus 2.98 ± 1.3 (p < 0.02) in the experimental group as compared to the control group. CONCLUSION: The oral health education with reinforcement in the form of printed calendar although showed statistically significant changes but lacked clinical importance.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Higiene Bucal , Esquizofrenia , Adulto , Educação em Saúde Bucal , Humanos , Masculino , Índice de Higiene Oral , Escovação Dentária , Adulto Jovem
12.
Pediatr Dent ; 41(1): 20-24, 2019 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30803472

RESUMO

Purpose: This study's purposes were to: (1) correlate toothbrushing effectiveness measured by plaque removal with children's parent- reported ability to perform life tasks and their executive function; and (2) compare plaque removal by children using a manual versus electric toothbrush. Methods: A convenience sample of 120 healthy five- to 11-year-olds was randomly and evenly assigned to manual or electric tooth- brush groups. A questionnaire was developed from items selected from previously validated social science instruments and completed by caregivers. Plaque was measured by calibrated scorers using the Oral Hygiene Index-Simplified before and after children brushed with respective toothbrushes. Statistical significance was established at P<0.05. Results: The type of toothbrush had no effect on brushing effectiveness. Ability to write a complete address, tie shoes independently, cut meat with a knife, and cut out complex shapes were associated with better toothbrushing effectiveness. Increasing ability to play a musical instrument and wash dishes independently were associated with increased plaque removal. Parents were good predictors of a child's readiness to brush, based on plaque removal scores. Conclusions: Certain life skills and quality of performance of tasks were associated with toothbrushing effectiveness in five- to 11-year-olds and may be used to determine a child's readiness to brush independently.


Assuntos
Escovação Dentária , Criança , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Índice de Higiene Oral , Desempenho Psicomotor , Escovação Dentária/instrumentação
13.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4304, 01 Fevereiro 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-997986

RESUMO

Objective: To find out the effectiveness of specially made brushes with special grips for use by groups of ischemic stroke sufferers for oral hygiene. Material and Methods: A sample of 30 stroke patients were taken at the Makassar Stroke Center, Indonesia, with criteria for extreme hemisphere ischemic stroke patients and willing to participate in the study and fill out informed consent. Brush making with a special grip design (modified brush) with Clay mixed material. The oral hygiene assessment procedure of the sample using a modified toothbrush was done in 3 stages before the brush, after brush and on the seventh day. Oral and oral hygiene was measured using the index of Oral Hygiene Index Simplified (OHI-S). The oral hygiene assessment procedure was done in 3 stages before the brush, after brush and on the seventh day. To find out the difference in effectiveness before and after the intervention was analyzed using the paired t test. The level of significance was set at 5%. Results: The highest percentage of stroke patients were female (53.3%), aged 40-60 years (66.7%) with an education level below junior high school (56.7%). There is a difference in the average OHIS score before and after using a special grip toothbrush (p<0.01). Conclusion: A special grip toothbrush that is used for Stroke sufferers can help to clean his teeth and mouth.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Higiene Bucal , Escovação Dentária/métodos , Eficácia/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/patologia , Indonésia , Índice de Higiene Oral , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Assistência Domiciliar/história
14.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 8, 2019 01 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30626348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The tribes of India have poor periodontal health status due to their isolation, awareness and less accessibility to dental resources. They follow traditional methods of oral hygiene practice, which are found to be inadequate and inaccurate to maintain their good oral health. This study aims to assess the oral hygiene practice, oral hygiene and periodontal status of two tribes residing in Bhadrachalam, Telangana, India. METHODS: Based on accessibility the two tribes Koya and Lambada were included in the study. The total study population consisted of 1000 subjects, with 500 subjects in each group. Using a preformed proforma the oral hygiene practices were recorded for two groups and oral examination was done using Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S) index and Community Periodontal Index (CPI). RESULTS: The OHI-S ranged between 2.5-3.0 in both the groups. The CPI index scores showed that sextants with calculus, shallow pockets, deep pockets and loss of attachment of 4-5 mm were significantly present in both groups. CONCLUSION: To conclude, though practice of poor oral hygiene and compromised periodontal status was seen among both groups. However, it was more prevalent in Koya. Under these circumstances, implementation of a basic awareness of oral health care programme for these tribes should be a high priority.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal , Higiene Bucal , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Higiene Bucal/métodos , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Higiene Oral , Doenças Periodontais/etnologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos
15.
Clin Oral Investig ; 23(2): 707-713, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29754197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of general and oral health status of nursing home residents in Germany on efficacy and acceptance of professional dental cleaning performed by a dental nurse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants (N = 41; mean age 83 ± 8 years) living in a nursing home were included. Personal and general health, oral health, oral hygiene habits, and needs were investigated. Individual acceptance regarding professional dental cleaning via different devices (scaler, interdental brushes, ultrasonic cleaning) was assessed, as was the efficacy of this method using after-cleaning indices. RESULTS: Oral health among nursing home residents was impaired and independent from dementia status. Most residents (33/41) performed oral hygiene procedures independently and showed better index values than those in need of external help. Residents requiring help with oral hygiene showed increased risk profiles (higher age, more often immobile, demented, more xerostomia). The dental cleaning procedure required a mean time of 37 ± 11 min, was widely accepted (36/41), and achieved clean results (plaque index 0.1 ± 0.5, oral hygiene index 0.2 ± 1.6, Volpe-Manhold index 0.4 ± 1.6); food residues were reduced to 0 independent from cognitive status. Regarding the cleaning methods, scalers were accepted best without difference between demented and non-demented residents. CONCLUSIONS: Professional dental cleaning in nursing homes is an accepted and efficacious oral hygiene procedure among nursing home residents. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Professional dental cleaning is an efficacious and accepted method as a first step in line with strategies to improve oral health and should be considered in nursing home residents.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Idosos , Profilaxia Dentária , Casas de Saúde , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Índice de Higiene Oral , Fatores de Risco
16.
Clin Oral Investig ; 23(2): 577-584, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29725846

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of α-bisabolol (BISA)-based mouthwashes in the oral hygiene of patients submitted to oral and maxillofacial surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, controlled, triple-blind clinical trial was conducted with 30 patients, undergoing oral and maxillofacial surgery. Three types of mouthwashes were developed, based at 0.12% chlorhexidine, 0.5% BISA, and 0.12% chlorhexidine + 0.5% BISA. The patients were evaluated in the preoperative and postoperative period, divided into three groups according to the mouthwash to be used. In the postoperative period, the oral hygiene quality of the patients was evaluated through the simplified oral hygiene index; the healing of the wounds was evaluated observing the presence of suture dehiscence and/or infection, and the pain was established using the Visual Analogue Scale. The antiseptic effect of the mouthwashes was evaluated in vitro. RESULTS: There were no differences in the efficacy of BISA-containing mouthwashes for oral hygiene, healing, and pain, compared to chlorhexidine based at 0.12%. There were no differences in the antiseptic activity of chlorhexidine and chlorhexidine + α-bisabolol-based mouthwashes. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that BISA-based mouthwashes have clinical efficacy, in the improvement of oral hygiene and wound healing, as well as in the reduction of postoperative pain. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Considering that BISA has analgesic, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties, it is relevant to evaluate the efficacy of BISA-based mouthwashes in the oral hygiene of patients undergoing oral and maxillofacial surgery, seeking a better postoperative recovery.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais/farmacologia , Antissépticos Bucais/farmacologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Clorexidina/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Higiene Oral , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
17.
J Periodontol ; 90(2): 134-140, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30086190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship among clinical periodontal, microbiologic parameters and lung function in participants with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: A total of 160 participants were recruited, including 80 participants with COPD (COPD group) and 80 participants without COPD (control group). All participants completed questionnaires and underwent clinical periodontal and lung function examinations. Subgingival plaques were obtained to determine the prevalence of selected oral and respiratory bacterial species. RESULTS: 1) Significant relationships were noted in the participants among oral hygiene index-simplified (OHI-S), clinical attachment level (CAL) and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1%). 2) Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg), Klebsiella pneumonia (Kp), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) and Streptococcus pneumonia (Sp) prevalence was increased in participants with COPD compared with control participants. 3) A significant negative association was noted between the relative content of Pg and FEV1% in participants with COPD. CONCLUSION: The results of this study confirm that periodontal destruction and oral pathogens are associated with lung function.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Índice de Higiene Oral , Perda da Inserção Periodontal , Testes de Função Respiratória
18.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 98(6. Vyp. 2): 19-23, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957417

RESUMO

This study aim was to improve the effectiveness of treatment of patients with cleft lip and palate in combination with crowding of teeth receiving long-term orthodontic treatment. The study involved 30 patients divided in 3 groups in which chlorhexidine-containing medication was included in the individual prevention and treatment program. The effectiveness of using 0.2% CG gel was assessed after 6 months to control the development of inflammatory phenomena in periodontal tissues during long-term orthodontic treatment. The obtained clinical and laboratory data indicate the normalization of the cytokine profile and oral hygiene indices as a result of using a CG-containing preparation for effective control of the biofilm etiological factor.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Má Oclusão , Humanos , Índice de Higiene Oral
19.
Rev. Rol enferm ; 41(11/12,supl): 118-123, nov.-dic. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-179951

RESUMO

Introduction and objective: The proactive involvement of health and education pro-fessionals with a focus on development transition groups is an important pillar for achieving the oral health goals for 2020 established by the World Health Organization and require reinforcement of actions for health promotion and prevention of oral diseases. Thus, it is justified to develop a program of oral health promotion in schools, such as ProSorriso (Costa, 2014), in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the Program. Methods: Quasi-experimental study, with measures' application before and after the implementation of the ProSorriso Program, in 200 adolescents, aged between 11-16 years (mean of 13.21±1.014 years). This Program is developed in three pha-ses: diagnosis, intervention and evaluation of the oral health of adolescents. The application of the Questionnaires of Eating Habits, Oral Hygiene and Oral Health Knowledge, as well as mouth observation according to WHO criteria (1997), occu-rred before and after participation in the program. Results: Adolescents improved their oral health after active participation in ProSo-rriso, presenting fewer decayed teeth and more filled teeth. Their dental plaque biofilm also improved with significant benefits for adolescents who benefited from the Program interventions (t = 7.389; p = .000). Adolescents' knowledge about oral health and nutrition enhanced significantly after participation in the ProSorriso Program (t = -6.510; p = .000); (t = 2.523; p = .012). Conclusions: Adolescents improved their health status, eating habits, hygiene and oral health knowledge, recognizing the effectiveness of the implementation of the ProSorriso Program as a determinant of adolescents present and future health


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Diagnóstico Bucal/métodos , Índice de Higiene Oral , Comportamento Alimentar , Comportamento do Adolescente , Avaliação de Eficácia-Efetividade de Intervenções , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Hábitos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
20.
Rev. ADM ; 75(5): 255-260, sept.-oct. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-979913

RESUMO

Antecedentes: Dentro de la gran diversidad de microorganismos en la microbiota oral, el género Staphylococcus es causante de una gran variedad de infecciones, desde leves hasta diseminadas que pueden causar la muerte. Los portadores de estas bacterias tienen más riesgo de presentar infecciones por estas mismas. Un grupo vulnerable de sufrir infecciones por estos microorganismos son los pacientes diabéticos por sus características sistémicas propias de la enfermedad, deterioro inmunológico y locales bucales, por lo que es importante conocer si son portadoras de este grupo de bacterias. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de colonización por Staphylococcus spp. en aislamientos obtenidos de la mucosa bucal de pacientes diabéticos y sin diabetes. Material y métodos: Se tomó un raspado superficial de la mucosa bucal de personas diabéticas y sin diabetes para cultivo y análisis microbiológico. Se sembró en agar sal manitol y los aislados se identificaron por galerías API Staph. La concentración de glucosa se determinó con equipo Accu-Chek. El análisis fue descriptivo, las diferencias y asociaciones se investigaron con χ2 y T Student. Se consideró estadísticamente significativo cuando el valor de p < 0.05. Resultados: La colonización por Staphylococcus spp. total fue de 73.7%, no hubo diferencia significativa entre diabéticos y no diabéticos (p = 0.946). S. epidermidis se identificó en 69% y S. aureus en 17.6%, sin diferencia entre ambos grupos con p = 0.556 y p = 0.428 respectivamente. Setenta y seis por ciento de los pacientes portadores de prótesis bucales estaban colonizados con Staphylococcus spp. Conclusiones: No se encontró que los pacientes diabéticos tuvieran porcentajes significativamente mayores de colonización por Staphylococcus spp. a pesar de sus condiciones particulares inmunológicas, glucemia anormal y disminución de flujo salival en la cavidad bucal (AU)


Background: Within the great diversity of microorganisms in the buccal microbiota, the genus Staphylococcus is the cause of a great variety of infections ranging from mild to disseminated, which can cause death. The carriers of these bacteria are more at risk of developing infections by themselves. A vulnerable group to suffer infections by these microorganisms are diabetic patients due to their systemic characteristics of the disease, immunological deterioration and local buccal, so it is important to know if they are carriers of this group of bacteria. Objective: The objective was determined the frequency of colonization by Staphylococcus spp. in isolates obtained from the oral mucosa of diabetic and without diabetes patients. Material and methods: A superficial scraping of the buccal mucosa of diabetic and without diabetes people was taken for culture and microbiological analysis. It was seeded in sal manitol agar and the isolates were identified by API Staph galleries. The glucose concentration was determined with Accu-Chek equipment. The analysis was descriptive, differences and associations were investigated with χ2 and Student T. It was considered statistically significant when the value of p < 0.05. Results: Total colonization by Staphylococcus spp. was 73.7%, there was no significant difference between diabetics and nondiabetics (p = 0.946). S. epidermidis was identified in 69% and S. aureus in 17.6%, without difference between both groups with p = 0.556 and p = 0.428 respectively. 76% of patients with oral prostheses were colonized with Staphylococcus spp. Conclusions: Diabetic patients were not found to have significantly higher rates of colonization by Staphylococcus spp. despite their particular immunological conditions, abnormal glycemia and decreased salivary flow in the oral cavity (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Staphylococcus , Diabetes Mellitus , Mucosa Bucal , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Índice de Higiene Oral , Estudos Transversais , Análise Estatística , Meios de Cultura , Estudo Observacional , México
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA