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1.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(6): 818-822, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784015

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to explore the perception of orthodontic treatment need by using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) and the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a representative random sample (N = 248) of adolescents aged 12 years. The DAI and both components of IOTN were used to evaluate malocclusion. The association between the Dental Health Component of the IOTN with gender and ethnic group were analyzed by chi-square test. The concordances between the indexes were analyzed by the kappa statistic, with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: The prevalence of adolescents with high severity and orthodontic treatment need was 10.5% (95% CI, 6.7-14.3), 36.5% (95% CI, 32.3-44.3), and 73.4% (95% CI, 67.9-78.9) for the Aesthetic Component of the IOTN, Dental Health Component of the IOTN, and DAI, respectively. The indexes showed high agreement for the cases with low treatment need, whereas low concordance was observed for the cases with high treatment need. CONCLUSIONS: The perception of orthodontic treatment need was assessed differently using DAI and IOTN.


Assuntos
Estética Dentária , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Má Oclusão , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Humanos
2.
J Orthod ; 46(4): 287-296, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595815

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To carry out a UK national clinical audit of orthognathic acceptance criteria and information provided to orthognathic patients before treatment. DESIGN: National clinical audit. SETTING: Data collected using Bristol Online Surveys. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-nine UK hospital orthodontic departments submitted data. METHODS: Data were collected at two time points using Bristol Online Surveys over a period of 12 months. These were before treatment at the first multidisciplinary clinic (MDT) and immediately after surgery. The data collected included: Index of Orthognathic Functional Treatment Need (IOFTN); Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN); age; previous orthodontic treatment; attendance at an MDT; treatment times; and information provision. RESULTS: Eighty-five units agreed to take part in the audit with 69 submitting data, giving a response rate of 81%. The data from 3404 patients were uploaded, 2263 before treatment and 1141 immediately after surgery. Of patients, 91.07% had an IOFTN score of 4 or 5 and 88.73% had an IOTN score of 4 or 5. The mean age at the first MDT was 22 years in the first cohort and 21 years and 4 months in the second immediate post-surgery cohort. Of patients, 37.93% had undergone some form of previous orthodontic treatment, but only 0.28% had undergone previous orthognathic treatment; 96.93% had an MDT confirm that orthodontic treatment by itself was insufficient to adequately correct their functional symptoms. The average treatment time from bond up to surgery was 2 years and 6 months. With respect to information provision, patients received information from a number of sources, principally the British Orthodontic Society (BOS) patient information leaflets and the BOS website Your Jaw Surgery. CONCLUSIONS: In the UK, the majority of orthognathic cases fulfil the criteria for acceptance for NHS-funded orthognathic treatment, as outlined by the Chief Dental Officer's interim guidance on orthognathic treatment. This suggests any prior approval process would not be a good use of NHS resources in the commissioning of orthognathic treatment.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos , Sociedades Odontológicas , Adulto , Grupos Étnicos , Humanos , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
3.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(4): 464-474.e1, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582118

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purposes of this study were to assess the role of dental attractiveness in background facial attractiveness and to evaluate how facial and dental attractiveness influenced raters' opinions of the integrity, social attractiveness, and intellectual attractiveness of the models. METHODS: Photographs of male and female individuals rated by peers as unattractive, average, and attractive were combined with oral images of 4 different levels of dental attractiveness (Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need [IOTN] 1, 5, 7, and 10). Sixty-seven participants meeting the inclusion criteria were recruited as raters. Raters viewed closed-lip smile and open-lip, posed smile of 24 models and rated them for facial attractiveness and integrity and multiple social/intellectual attractiveness dimensions using a Visual Analog Scale. RESULTS: Intrarater reliability was fair to excellent. Analysis of variance showed significant 3-way interactions (P < 0.0001=aim 1; P < 0.005=aim 2) for model sex, facial attractiveness, and dental attractiveness. The contribution of dental attractiveness to facial attractiveness was not fixed or linear, but dependent on dental attractiveness level, background facial attractiveness, and model sex. For both sexes, dental impact on facial attractiveness was neutral or negative when teeth were less than ideal, beginning at IOTN 5 for all background facial attractiveness levels. The impact of dental attractiveness on integrity and social and intellectual attractiveness was also dependent on dental attractiveness level, background facial attractiveness, and model sex. Dental attractiveness can make dramatic differences in Average and Attractive male individuals. CONCLUSIONS: The impact of dental attractiveness on facial attractiveness and integrity and social and intellectual attractiveness was dependent on dental attractiveness level, background facial attractiveness, and model sex. The effect of dental esthetics on facial attractiveness was neutral or negative for both male and female individuals when there was a need for treatment (IOTN 5 or higher) for all levels of facial attractiveness. For both male and female models, lower dental esthetics had a greater effect on more attractive faces. Judgments about integrity and social and intellectual attractiveness were strongly affected by dental esthetics, and these effects were more dramatic and consistent for male faces.


Assuntos
Beleza , Estética Dentária/psicologia , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Má Oclusão/classificação , Má Oclusão/psicologia , Sorriso/psicologia , Desejabilidade Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fotografação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Escala Visual Analógica
4.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(1): 61-66, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256840

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this research were to investigate and compare general and pediatric dentists' subjective judgments of orthodontic case complexity and to determine how their perceptions of case complexity influence their decisions to refer the patient to an orthodontist. METHODS: Twenty pediatric dentists and 21 general dentists participated in the study. Pretreatment orthodontic records of 20 patients with a variety of malocclusions and a range of American Board of Orthodontics Discrepancy Index (DI) scores were used. Respondents were asked about their background and training in orthodontics. They were also asked to identify the subjective complexity of each case with the use of a 100-point visual analog scale (VAS) and whether they would refer the patient to an orthodontic specialist. A mixed-model multivariate data analysis was used to evaluate the subjective case complexity with the use of fixed factors such as DI score, type of panel member, experience, annual continuing education rate, and gender. Generalized linear mixed models were used to investigate the referral patterns of the general dentists and pediatric dentists. Level of significance was set at P < 0.05 for all statistical analyses. RESULTS: General dentists appeared to provide more overall orthodontic treatment than pediatric dentists; many general dentists provide limited orthodontic treatment and clear aligner therapy (P < 0.05). The perceived complexity score for cases was not significantly different between the 2 groups (P = 0.82). The association between DI score and perceived complexity was similar in both groups (P = 0.183) and there was a high correlation between DI and VAS score in the sample (r = 0.71; 95% Cl 0.38-0.87). Pediatric dentists had higher referral rates for cases with DI scores both below and above 20. Significant differences were noted between the pediatric and general dentists in the individual case referral decision as evaluated by the DI (P < 0.037) and VAS (P < 0.042) scores. CONCLUSIONS: General dentists provided more orthodontic care than the pediatric dentists. Both groups identified case complexity similarly, with only minor differences, but pediatric dentists had higher referral rates to orthodontic specialists regardless of the initial case complexity.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Odontólogos , Clínicos Gerais , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Ortodontistas , Encaminhamento e Consulta/normas , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Odontólogos/educação , Clínicos Gerais/educação , Humanos , Julgamento , Má Oclusão/terapia , Análise Multivariada , Ortodontia Corretiva , Seleção de Pacientes , Projetos de Pesquisa , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(1): 67-74, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256841

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to determine how different people perceive distinct malocclusions with the use of eye tracking and to compare the results with scores from the subjective visual attractiveness scale (VAS) following 3 grades obtained from the Aesthetic Component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (AC-IOTN) scale. METHODS: Ninety participants were equally distributed into 3 groups-dentists, orthodontists, and laypeople-and underwent 1 eye-tracking session. After being positioned and calibrated, they were shown 3 dental images. The images reflected the AC-IOTN grades of 1 (close to ideal), 5 (borderline need for treatment), and 8 (definite need for treatment). During the viewing, eye-tracker data were collected for fixation points, duration, and attractiveness (according to the VAS) for each image. The variables were statistically tested with the use of 2-way analysis of variance and complete factorial model (between groups, grades, and for the interactions between them). RESULTS: Grade 1 received the highest subjective score independently from the participant group. This was in contrast to grades 5 and 8, which received similar scores, although the means of fixation points and duration were not significantly different among the grades (P > 0.05). The scores obtained from the dentist group were significantly higher than those from the other groups when the comparison was independent from the grade. In terms of fixation points, there were differences between dentists and orthodontists and between orthodontists and laypeople. The fixation point mean was higher for orthodontists than for dentists and was similar to that for laypeople. CONCLUSIONS: Orthodontists were able to closely analyze the occlusal problems presenting with more severe malocclusions, and the specialists noticed more fixation points. Duration times, however, were not significantly different, because the orthodontists had greater interest, even in situations of unfavorable esthetics.


Assuntos
Estética Dentária , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Má Oclusão/terapia , Percepção Visual , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Odontólogos/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Má Oclusão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ortodontia Corretiva , Ortodontistas/psicologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Projetos de Pesquisa , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 20(5): 631-638, 2019 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31316030

RESUMO

AIM: The objective of this epidemiological survey is to investigate the dental-skeletal features of subjects attending the Public Dental Service in Unità Operativa Complessa (UOC) (Orthodontic Department of "La Sapienza University of Rome") and compare them with the existing body of evidence obtained from other surveys. Accordingly, the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) was employed, in order to achieve a common framework to allow the shaping of public health prevention practices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 3,491 subjects in the Orthodontic Department of "La Sapienza-University of Rome" (UOC) was evaluated with the adoption of IOTN to define malocclusion severity. RESULTS: In the result analysis, it was observed that class II malocclusion was more frequent in the sample (40%), and a large part of the examined population also presented mandibular dental crowding (43%), increased overjet (41%), and increased overbite (38%). Only 26.44% (20.17% IOTN 4; 6.27% IOTN 5) had strong need for orthodontic treatment. CONCLUSION: The realization of epidemiological investigations to establish priority for treatment need is, therefore, particularly useful, not only to estimate the prevalence of some clinical conditions in the observed population, but also to plan targeted interventions, such as interceptive and corrective therapies in growing children. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: These interventions could solve specific clinical situations and/or prevent their escalation. Only in this way, it is possible to avoid fragmentation of the limited resources available, using them for patients with an objective need.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Criança , Assistência Odontológica , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Itália , Ortodontia Corretiva , Roma
7.
ScientificWorldJournal ; 2019: 2685437, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31281231

RESUMO

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of orthodontic treatment need in 12-year-old children in Hong Kong and its relationship with the psychosocial impact of malocclusion and to assess their associations with sociodemographic factors. Materials and Methods: A random sample of 687 12-year-old children was recruited from 45 secondary schools in Hong Kong. Orthodontic treatment need was assessed on study models by five indices: the Dental Health Component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN-DHC), the Aesthetic Component of the IOTN (IOTN-AC), the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI), the Index of Complexity Outcome and Need (ICON), and the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR). The psychosocial impact of malocclusion on participants and sociodemographic factors were obtained from a questionnaire. Logistic regression was used to examine the correlations between treatment need and the psychosocial impact of malocclusion as well as their associations with sociodemographic factors. Results: The final number of participants was 667 (339 boys and 328 girls, participation rate 667/687 = 97.1%). The prevalence of orthodontic treatment need varied depending on the indices used (10.9-47.8%), but significant correlations were found among the five indices (p < 0.01). The uptake of treatment among the cohort was 2.3%. Boys had higher IOTN-DHC (p < 0.05), DAI (p < 0.05), and PAR (p = 0.05) scores than girls. IOTN-AC was significantly associated with the psychosocial impact of malocclusion (p < 0.05). Parents' level of education and household income were not significantly associated with either treatment need or the psychosocial impact of malocclusion (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The need for orthodontic treatment in 12-year-old children in Hong Kong remained high, and the uptake of treatment was low. Boys had a higher normative treatment need than girls. Among the five indices, IOTN-AC appears to be the best indicator of the psychosocial impact of malocclusion.


Assuntos
Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Má Oclusão/epidemiologia , Ortodontia Corretiva , Fatores Etários , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica , Feminino , Hong Kong/epidemiologia , Humanos , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Masculino , Má Oclusão/psicologia , Má Oclusão/terapia , Razão de Chances , Ortodontia Corretiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos
8.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 17(1): 110, 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31242920

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have assessed the psychological benefits of orthodontic treatment; however, the impact of competence on psychological benefits remains unknown. AIMS: To analyze the change of the perception of psychosocial dental impact in a sample of adults undergoing orthodontic treatment (mild/moderate dental malocclusions) and to assess the possible moderating effect of health competence level. METHODS: A longitudinal prospective design was used. Three time points were included: baseline (T0), 6 months after starting orthodontic treatment (T1) and once treatment had finished (T2). The pretreatment sample consisted of 78 patients recruited from the Rey Juan Carlos University Dental Clinic, all of whom had moderate malocclusions and were going to undergo orthodontic treatment for approximately 18 months with fixed metal multibrackets. All participants were instructed to complete the Spanish version of the Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ) and the aesthetic component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN-AC) on the three points of the research. Statistical analysis involved the General Linear Model (GLM) repeated-measures ANOVA to test if the outcome measures of psychosocial dental impact significantly changed over time during orthodontic treatment (baseline, at 6-month evaluation and posttreatment). To assess the effect of the previous health competence levels (high/low) in the change from baseline to the 6-month assessment, for each PIDAQ dimension, a 2*2 (time*group) repeated measures ANOVA was performed. RESULTS: A significant increase was observed in dental self-confidence values (T0-T1 and T0-T2). Similar results were observed for the psychological impact variables and for the IOTN-AC scores, which showed significant decreases between T0 and T1 and between T0 and T2. Finally, significantly decreases were observed between T0 and T2 in aesthetic concern. Interaction effects were found regarding the health competence variable from T0-T1 for the psychological impact, social impact and aesthetic concern and the IOTN-AC index, with significant development results regarding the high competence group. CONCLUSIONS: The first 6 months of orthodontic treatment seemed to be key to the development of psychosocial dental impact perception, during which the role of health competence was of great importance to developing a positive change. It is necessary to follow a biopsychosocial approach towards orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão/psicologia , Ortodontia Corretiva/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Estética Dentária/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Má Oclusão/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Orthod ; 46(2): 118-125, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060463

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of premature extraction of primary teeth (PEPT) on orthodontic treatment need in a cohort of children participating in the Born in Bradford (BiB) longitudinal birth cohort. DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional cohort. PARTICIPANTS: We aim to recruit 1000 children aged 7-11 years: 500 with a history of PEPT and 500 matched non-PEPT controls. METHODS: After informed consent/assent, orthodontic records will be collected, including extra and intra-oral photographs and alginate impressions for study models. Participants will also complete a measure of oral health-related quality of life (COHIP-SF 19). The records will be used to quantify space loss, identify other occlusal anomalies and assess orthodontic treatment need using the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need. For each outcome, summary statistics will be calculated and the data for children with and without PEPT compared. The records of the children identified to be in need of orthodontic treatment will be examined by an expert orthodontic panel to judge if this treatment should be undertaken at the time of the records or delayed until the early permanent dentition. Collecting robust records in the mixed dentition provides the clinical basis to link each stage of the causal chain and enable the impact of PEPT on orthodontic need to be characterised. This study is the first to provide the foundations for future longitudinal data collection allowing the long-term impact of PEPT to be studied.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Ortodontia Corretiva , Qualidade de Vida , Dente Decíduo
10.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 77(6): 452-456, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30905235

RESUMO

Objective: When dealing with the impact of malocclusion on self-esteem, the terms global and dental self-esteem are sometimes used. Although these terms are related to one another, they do not depict the same concept. The aims of this paper were to explore if the two forms of self-esteem are distinguishable, to find out if they represent different factors, and to investigate how they are related to malocclusion. Materials and methods: A sample consisting of 150 adolescents, aged 13 years, completed self-assessed measures of Dental and Global Self-Esteem. Orthodontic treatment need for each individual was assessed by the Dental Health Component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN-DHC). Data were analysed by factor analyses and a 5 (IOTN-DHC grades) by 2 (global vs. dental self-esteem) ANOVA, with the IOTN-DHC grades as the independent and self-esteem (repeated measure) as the dependent variables. Results: The factor analyses showed that the two forms of self-esteem, based on the measures, are distinguishable. More importantly, the results of the ANOVA revealed that Dental and Global Self-Esteem are differentially related to IOTN-DHC. Specifically, Dental Self-Esteem varied across IOTN-DHC scale while Global Self-Esteem did not. There was no effect of gender. Conclusions: Dental self-esteem is related to malocclusion while global self-esteem is not. These findings have implications in areas where the predictive power of dental self-esteem needs to be considered.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão/psicologia , Saúde Bucal , Ortodontia Corretiva/psicologia , Autoimagem , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente , Estética Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Masculino , Ortodontia Corretiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 155(3): 355-361, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30826038

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the associations between normative orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) at an item level as well as subscale and total score levels among schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 2,010 randomly selected children aged approximately 8, 10, 12, and 15 years residing in the Gyeonggi province, Korea. Children were clinically examined with the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN). To measure OHRQoL, the Child Oral Health Impact Profile (COHIP) was used. RESULTS: In the physical health domain of COHIP, crooked teeth, discoloration, "food sticking," and "difficulty keeping teeth clean" were significantly associated with IOTN levels (P < 0.05), whereas pain, sensitivity and bleeding, bad breath, mouth breathing, and dry mouth were not. In addition, present and future dental health were significantly associated with IOTN levels, although self-confidence, attractiveness, and future health were not. As expected, the 5 subscale scores and total score of COHIP were significantly associated with IOTN levels after adjustment for gender, age, socioeconomic level, and caries state. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests the importance of in-depth investigation at the item level of OHRQoL assessment scales to better evaluate the impact of malocclusion that might be alleviated by orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , República da Coreia , Fatores Socioeconômicos
12.
Eur J Orthod ; 41(1): 38-45, 2019 01 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29912312

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the influence of dentofacial attractiveness using the 'Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire' (PIDAQ), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and Aesthetic Component (AC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) in patients with cleft lip/palate (CLP), and non-cleft orthodontic patients (Non-CLP) and their parents. Materials and methods: Eighty patients (aged 11-19 years) comprising 40 CLP and 40 non-CLP were administered the PIDAQ and SWLS questionnaires to be rated individually by the patients, along with IOTN-AC rated by the patients and their parents, respectively. The subjects were also sub-divided according to their age, i.e. pre-adolescent and adolescent. Results: The PIDAQ subpart scores for aesthetic concern differed between the two groups, with a significantly (P < 0.02) lower scoring for the CLP group. The adolescent CLP group scored more negatively than the pre-adolescent group in the dental self-confidence and social impact sub-parts of PIDAQ. No significant differences were observed for satisfaction with life. The parents' IOTN-AC score for both groups was significant (P < 0.05) greater than the patient's score, especially for adolescent subjects. Limitations: Non-condition specific questionnaires with restrictive sampling sizing and non-inclusion of parameters like stress coping mechanism etc. Conclusion: The parents rated the malocclusion of their child more critically than the child itself. A majority of the CLP group had a problem in identifying themselves using the IOTN-AC as no photo existed depicting a Class III or edge-to-edge malocclusion. Attitudes, especially perceptions of the aesthetics of front teeth, are crucial factors influencing patient's psychological self-concept, social confidence, and treatment need in CLP patients and non-CLP patients, having more relevance as the patient matures towards adolescence and adulthood.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial/psicologia , Fissura Palatina/psicologia , Estética Dentária , Má Oclusão/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Fenda Labial/complicações , Fissura Palatina/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Masculino , Má Oclusão/etiologia , Má Oclusão/terapia , Pais/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Autoimagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
13.
Eur J Orthod ; 41(2): 125-132, 2019 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29917078

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the changes in oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) before, during, and after orthodontic treatment, determine the relationship with the original treatment need and evaluate the influence of self-esteem (SE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: OHRQoL questionnaires were used in an ongoing observational prospective cohort study at baseline (T0), 1 year after start (T1), and 1 month after the end of active orthodontic treatment (T2). Participants were 11-16-year-old at baseline and 215 complete cases were obtained from a total of 498. OHRQoL was scored by using the Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ11-14), SE was assessed by the Dutch adaptation of the Harter's Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents and treatment need was defined by the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN). The Oral Aesthetic Subjective Impact Scale (OASIS) was included to score perceived treatment need. Data were analyzed with Spearman correlation, Mann-Whitney U-test and linear models for longitudinal data. RESULTS: A significant decrease in IOTN and in OASIS was noted from T0-T1-T2 (P < 0.0001). CPQ results show a decrease from T0 to T2, from T1 to T2 and an increase from T0 to T1 (P < 0.0001). This was valid for the overall CPQ scores and its subdomains except for emotional well-being (EW), which decreases from T0-T1-T2. A correlation was found between baseline SE and the change of total CPQ scores between T0 and T2, also for EW (r = 0.325 and r = 0.354). CONCLUSIONS: OHRQoL ameliorates after orthodontic treatment. High baseline SE works as a protective factor for OHRQoL.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão/terapia , Saúde Bucal , Ortodontia Corretiva/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Criança , Emoções , Estética Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Má Oclusão/psicologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Autoimagem , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Braz. dent. sci ; 22(4): 450-457, 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1024330

RESUMO

Self-perception of dental aesthetics needs to be considered in planning orthodontic treatment because it is known that everyone has a self-perception of different oral esthetic conditions. Objective: To assess the state of malocclusion based on self-perception of dental aesthetics using the Oral Aesthetic Subjective Impact Score (OASIS); to determine the relationship of self-perceptions of oral aesthetics and the state of malocclusion from the results of clinical examinations using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). Material and Methods: Research subjects were middle school students aged between 14-18 years as many as 187 students. For oral aesthetic assessment using the OASIS index questionnaire, and to evaluate the aesthetic and anatomical components of the malocclusion clinic using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). Results: The prevalence of malocclusion according to Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) showed that mild / normal malocclusion (59.9%), moderate malocclusion (33.4%), severe malocclusion (5.7%), and very severe malocclusion (1%). The prevalence of self-perception of oral aesthetics was 54.6% judging good. The results of the analysis with logistic regression tests showed that there was a significant (p (p<0.001) relationship between self-perception of oral aesthetics using the OASIS index and malocclusion status using the DAI index. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, there was a significant relationship (p <0.01) between oral aesthetic self perception and malocclusion status of high school students. (AU)


A autopercepção da estética dentária precisa ser considerada no planejamento do tratamento ortodôntico, porque é sabido que existem diferenças nesta autopercepção de condições estéticas orais entre os indivíduos. Objetivo: Avaliar o estado de má oclusão com base na autopercepção da estética dentária utilizando o Oral Aesthetic Subjective Impact Score (OASIS); determinar a relação entre a autopercepção da estética bucal e o estado de má oclusão a partir dos resultados de exames clínicos utilizando o Índice de Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). Material e Métodos: Os sujeitos da pesquisa foram estudantes do ensino médio, com idades entre 14 e 18 anos, num total de 187 alunos. Para avaliação da estética bucal, foi utilizado o questionário do índice OASIS, e para avaliar os componentes estéticos e anatômicos da clínica de más oclusões, o Índice de DAI. Resultados: A prevalência de má oclusão segundo o DAI, mostrou resultados de percepção de: oclusão leve / normal (59,9%), oclusão moderada (33,4%), oclusão grave (5,7%) e oclusão muito grave (1%). A prevalência de autopercepção da estética oral foi de 54,6%, considerando-se boa. Os resultados da análise com testes de regressão logística mostraram que houve uma relação significativa (p <0,01) entre a autopercepção da estética oral e o estado de má oclusão de estudantes do ensino médio. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Estética Dentária , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Má Oclusão
15.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 97(4): 55-57, 2018.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30199070

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to investigate the needs of children of various Crimean regions in orthodontic care. The epidemiological survey involved 125 children under the age of 12 years old living in the regions of Crimea with different levels of medical and social conditions (Alushta, Simferopol, Lenin and the Krasnogvardeisky district). The two-component IOTN index was used in investigation. Children of regional municipal areas showed higher severity of malocclusion and the need in orthodontic care than their urban peers (p<0.01 for Pearson χ2 criterion). A large part of the surveyed demonstrated a low motivation to receive orthodontic treatment according to aesthetic component of IOTN index. It was determined a strong correlation between of dental status values of the IOTN index and the number of orthodontists in the region, as well as the average strength of connection between the objective component of the index and ecological potential of the territory. It was revealed a moderate linkage between the indicators of the subjective component and the region of residence of the child. Thus, it is necessary to develop and implement programs of prevention of dentofacial anomalies in children with regard for regional peculiarities.


Assuntos
Estética Dentária , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Má Oclusão , Ortodontia Corretiva , Condições Sociais , Criança , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Má Oclusão/terapia , Federação Russa , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Braz Oral Res ; 32: e95, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30231170

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence and impact of malocclusion on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among schoolchildren aged 8 to 10 years and their parents in Diamantina, a town in the southeast of Brazil. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 390 randomly selected children who were subjected to a clinical oral examination. The Dental Aesthetic Index was used to diagnose malocclusion and the need for orthodontic treatment. The Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ (8-10)) was used to evaluate the impact of malocclusion on OHRQoL. The children's parents answered the Brazilian Economic Criterion Questionnaire for the socioeconomic classification. Data analysis involved the nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test and Spearman's correlation coefficients. The variables were grouped into a hierarchy of categories ranging from distal to proximal determinants. Poisson regression analysis with robust variance was performed at each level to correlate the total CPQ (8-10) score with the independent variables. The prevalence of malocclusion was 78.7%. Crossbite remained significantly associated with a negative impact on OHRQoL (PR = 1.28; 95%CI:1.17-1.39; p < 0.001). The prevalence of malocclusion was high in the sample investigated and exerted a negative impact on OHRQoL.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão/epidemiologia , Má Oclusão/fisiopatologia , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/fisiopatologia , Estética Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Masculino , Prevalência , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Medisan ; 22(7)jul.-ago. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-986973

RESUMO

Los cambios morfofuncionales que se producen en las estructuras de soporte dentario durante el movimiento ortodóncico involucran procesos bioquímicos, histológicos y fisiológicos. Desde hace más de un siglo, existen disímiles teorías que tratan de explicarlos; sin embargo, todavía se siguen realizando estudios a fin de comprenderlos más a fondo. En la presente comunicación se ofrece una actualización secuencial y resumida de dichos episodios, con el propósito de incrementar el nivel de conocimientos sobre el tema y mejorar la calidad en la atención ortodóncica.


Morfofunctional changes which take place in the supporting structures during the orthodontic movement involve biochemical, histological and physiologic processes. For more than one century, dissimilar theories exist that try to explain to them; however, studies are still being carried out in order to understand them thoroughly. In the present communication a sequential and summarized updating of these episodes, with the purpose of increasing the knowledge on the topic and improving the quality in the orthodontic care.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Periodontia , Mobilidade Dentária/fisiopatologia , Periodonto/fisiopatologia , Achados Morfológicos e Microscópicos , Polpa Dentária/metabolismo , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico
18.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 16(3): 211-223, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30027162

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess whether different levels of malocclusion have different effects on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and which domains of OHRQoL could be affected. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine electronic databases were searched. To make studies comparable, studies using the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ) to measure OHRQoL, and the Dental Aesthetic Index, Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need, and Index of Complexity, Outcome and Need to measure malocclusion were selected for systematic review. Meta-analysis was performed to calculate the weighted mean scores of CPQ. The two independent samples t-test was used to detect whether different severity groups of malocclusion have different CPQ scores. RESULTS: A total of 22 studies were included in this review and 6 were included in the meta-analysis. Most studies used a cross-sectional design and convenience sampling. Meta-analysis showed that the weighted mean scores of CPQ increased with malocclusion severity. The t-test showed nearly all levels of malocclusion affected the domains of functional limitation and social well-being; only very severe malocclusion affected the domains of oral symptoms, emotional well-being and the overall OHRQoL (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: When OHRQoL was assessed by CPQ11-14 and malocclusion was assessed by orthodontic indices, children with malocclusion could have oral functional limitations and worse social lives; children with very severe malocclusion could further develop oral symptoms and had worse emotional experiences. Future longitudinal population-based studies would be helpful to confirm these results.


Assuntos
Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Má Oclusão/complicações , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos
19.
J Orofac Orthop ; 79(5): 297-308, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29947814

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is a construct for assessing the self-perceived oral health of patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between OHRQoL and orthodontic treatment need in consideration of demographic and psychological factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This multicentre study included 250 patients with an indication for orthodontic diagnostics. In cooperation with the Institute of Clinical Psychology at the University of Würzburg, validated and internationally acknowledged questionnaires were selected to assess OHRQoL (COHIP-G19) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Self-esteem and behavioural problems were taken into consideration as possible psychological factors. Orthodontic treatment need was assessed using the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need-Dental Health Component (IOTN-DHC), the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need-Aesthetic Component (IOTN-AC) and the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). Possible significant correlations between the collected parameters and OHRQoL were evaluated by means of linear regression analysis. RESULTS: Objective orthodontic treatment need (IOTN-DHC and DAI) was significantly correlated with OHRQoL. Further factors significantly influencing OHRQoL in children and adolescents were age, HRQOL, self-esteem and behavioural problems. CONCLUSIONS: Objective orthodontic treatment need significantly influences OHRQoL in children and adolescents. Further studies are required to investigate if OHRQoL may be improved by correcting misaligned teeth and jaws.


Assuntos
Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 153(4): 523-533, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29602344

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recently, greater emphasis has been placed on smile esthetics in dentistry. Eye tracking has been used to objectively evaluate attention to the dentition (mouth) in female models with different levels of dental esthetics quantified by the aesthetic component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN). This has not been accomplished in men. Our objective was to determine the visual attention to the mouth in men with different levels of dental esthetics (IOTN levels) and background facial attractiveness, for both male and female raters, using eye tracking. METHODS: Facial images of men rated as unattractive, average, and attractive were digitally manipulated and paired with validated oral images, IOTN levels 1 (no treatment need), 7 (borderline treatment need), and 10 (definite treatment need). Sixty-four raters meeting the inclusion criteria were included in the data analysis. Each rater was calibrated in the eye tracker and randomly viewed the composite images for 3 seconds, twice for reliability. RESULTS: Reliability was good or excellent (intraclass correlation coefficients, 0.6-0.9). Significant interactions were observed with factorial repeated-measures analysis of variance and the Tukey-Kramer method for density and duration of fixations in the interactions of model facial attractiveness by area of the face (P <0.0001, P <0.0001, respectively), dental esthetics (IOTN) by area of the face (P <0.0001, P <0.0001, respectively), and rater sex by area of the face (P = 0.0166, P = 0.0290, respectively). For area by facial attractiveness, the hierarchy of visual attention in unattractive and attractive models was eye, mouth, and nose, but for men of average attractiveness, it was mouth, eye, and nose. For dental esthetics by area, at IOTN 7, the mouth had significantly more visual attention than it did at IOTN 1 and significantly more than the nose. At IOTN 10, the mouth received significantly more attention than at IOTN 7 and surpassed the nose and eye. These findings were irrespective of facial attractiveness levels. For rater sex by area in visual density, women showed significantly more attention to the eyes than did men, and only men showed significantly more attention to the mouth over the nose. CONCLUSIONS: Visual attention to the mouth was the greatest in men of average facial attractiveness, irrespective of dental esthetics. In borderline dental esthetics (IOTN 7), the eye and mouth were statistically indistinguishable, but in the most unesthetic dental attractiveness level (IOTN 10), the mouth exceeded the eye. The most unesthetic malocclusion significantly attracted visual attention in men. Male and female raters showed differences in their visual attention to male faces. Laypersons gave significant visual attention to poor dental esthetics in men, irrespective of background attractiveness; this was counter to what was seen in women.


Assuntos
Atenção , Beleza , Estética Dentária , Olho/anatomia & histologia , Face/anatomia & histologia , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Face/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Masculino , Má Oclusão/classificação , Má Oclusão/psicologia , Má Oclusão/terapia , Boca/anatomia & histologia , Nariz/anatomia & histologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores Sexuais , Sorriso , Adulto Jovem
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