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1.
J Dent Hyg ; 94(1): 6-13, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32127424

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this clinical study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a curved rubber bristle interdental cleaner, as compared to dental floss, in the reduction of gingivitis and plaque.Methods: Gingival Index (GI), Bleeding on Probing (BOP), Periodontal Probing Depth (PPD) and Modified QH Plaque Index (MQH-PI) parameters were evaluated in an examiner-masked, parallel group, controlled clinical study. A total of 50 participants with gingivitis (no site with PPD >4 mm, BOP ≥10% but ≤50%) met the eligibility criteria. Participants were randomly assigned to either the curved rubber bristle interdental cleaner (cRBIC) group or the ADA-accepted dental floss (Floss) group. Participants used the devices for four weeks. Parameters were obtained at 2 and 4 weeks. Participants scored their level of product familiarity, satisfaction and motivation for interdental cleaning.Results: There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in changes from baseline to 2 or 4 weeks in GI, BOP%, and MQH-PI. However, cRBIC group showed greater reduction of PPD at 4 weeks from baseline, compared with Floss group (p<0.05). The cRBIC group showed overall better compliance level than Floss group. The mean score of "ease of use" of the cRBIC group was significantly greater than that of Floss group. However, Floss group showed higher levels of "satisfaction" than cRBIC group. Motivation for interdental cleaning was higher in cRBIC.Conclusion: The cRBIC was similar to Floss in clinical effectiveness; however, PPD reduction at 4 weeks was greater with the cRBIC. Ease of use of cRBIC may have affected the participants' motivation for interdental cleaning, resulting in better compliance.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Borracha , Escovação Dentária
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032416

RESUMO

This study aimed to create papilla with concentrated growth factor (CGF) in cases in which the interdental papilla was not able to fill the interproximal space (IPS) due to physiologic factors. A three-dimensional digital model of this space with the digital impression obtained from direct intraoral scanning of IPS was created. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of CGF in the regeneration of multiple adjacent papillary losses (MAPL), with the change in the IPS area calculated on intraorally scanned images obtained with digital impressions. This study included 160 teeth from 40 patients with 120 papillary losses. Patients were randomly allocated to the test group (TG) (n = 20), with 60 MAPL (three adjacent, lost interdental papillae per patient) receiving minimally invasive surgery with CGF, or the control group (CG) (n = 20), with 60 MAPL without surgery. A total of 480 images were uploaded to a software. The patients' age, gender, Plaque Index, bleeding on probing, and mean probing pocket depth values were evaluated. Papillary area (PA) were calculated between the two central, lateral-central, and lateral-canine teeth at baseline and posttreatment periods of 3, 6, and 12 months in both groups. Papillary filling percentage, keratinized-gingiva width, papillary thickness, thrombocyte, count and mean platelet volume were recorded in TG. Considering the variables in TG and CG, there was no difference in terms of age, gender, and periodontal parameters (P > .05). PA at 3, 6, and 12 months showed statistically significant differences from baseline values in TG (P < .001) but not in CG (P > .05). In TG, a moderate positive correlation was found between the midline papillary thickness and the 3-, 6-, and 12-month filling percentages (r: 0.506, P = .023; r: 0.509, P = .022; and r: 0.515, P = .02, respectively), and a high positive correlation was determined between thrombocyte count and the 6- and 12-month filling percentages (r: 0.733, P < .001; and r: 0.744, P < .001, respectively). CGF provided papillary regeneration in the treatment of MAPL and supported three-dimensional structure of the regenerated interdental papilla throughout 1 year.


Assuntos
Gengiva , Dente , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
3.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 6, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective was to analyze clinical, microbiological, and immunological periodontal parameters in patients in corrective orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients were selected. Plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), width of keratinized gingiva, levels of 40 bacterial species, and of 3 cytokines (IL-1ß, MMP-8, and TNF-α) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) were evaluated at T0, before orthodontic treatment; T1, 6 months; and T2, 12 months post-treatment. Non-parametric, Friedman, Wilcoxon, ANOVA, and Spearman correlation coefficient tests were used for statistical analyses, with the significance level of 5%. RESULTS: No significant difference was found for the width of keratinized gingiva, but PI presented a significant increase at T1 and T2 (p < 0.05) when compared with T0. The percentage of sites with BOP increased significantly from T0 to T1 (p < 0.05); however, at T2, the values decreased and did not differ anymore from T0 (p > 0.05). In the microbiological analysis, red complex pathogens were in significantly greater proportions in T2 compared with T0 (p < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the cytokine levels between the periods but there was a positive correlation between BOP and IL-1ß (r = 0.49 p = .01) and TNF-α (r = 0.39 and p = .05). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, corrective orthodontic treatment caused clinical periodontal alterations regarding biofilm accumulation and gingival bleeding, with alteration of periodontopathogens.


Assuntos
Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Ortodontia Corretiva , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Índice Periodontal , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
4.
Am J Dent ; 33(1): 3-11, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056408

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the effects of oscillating-rotating (O-R), sonic (side-to-side), and manual toothbrushes on plaque and gingival health after multiple uses in studies up to 3 months. METHODS: A meta-analysis was conducted on randomized clinical trials (RCTs) up to 3 months in duration to evaluate O-R electric toothbrush effectiveness regarding gingivitis reduction and plaque removal versus sonic and/or manual toothbrushes. To ensure access to subject-level data, this meta-analysis was limited to RCTs involving O-R toothbrushes from a single manufacturer conducted from 2007 to 2017 for which subject-level data were available and that satisfied criteria of duration, parallel design, examiner-graded, etc. For gingivitis studies, a one-step individual subject meta-analysis was used to assess direct and indirect treatment differences and to identify any subject-level covariates modifying treatment effects. In the two-step meta-analysis, individual participant data were first analyzed in each study independently using the last timepoint (up to 3 months), producing aggregate data for each study. Then forest plots were produced using these aggregate data with random-effects models. For plaque studies, the efficacy variables were standardized so direct comparisons could be generated using the 2-step meta-analysis. Network meta-analysis was performed to assess the indirect plaque comparisons. RESULTS: 16 parallel group RCTs with 2,145 subjects were identified assessing gingivitis via number of bleeding sites. In five and 11 gingivitis studies assessing O-R brushes versus manual and sonic brushes, respectively, a change in the average number of bleeding sites of -8.9 ( 95% CI: -15.9, -1.9) and -3.1 (95% CI: -3.8, -2.4) was observed (P ≤ 0.008). These reductions equate to a 50% and 28% bleeding benefit for O-R technology versus the respective controls. The sonic brush bleeding change versus manual was -5.9 (P = 0.062), a 34% bleeding benefit. Utilizing individual bleeding scores, subjects with localized or generalized gingivitis (≥ 10% bleeding sites) had 7.4 times better odds of transitioning to generally healthy (< 10% bleeding sites) after using an O-R brush versus manual. 20 parallel design RCTs with 2,551 subjects assessed plaque (TMQHI, RMNPI). In eight and 12 plaque RCTs assessing an O-R brush versus manual and sonic brushes, respectively, standardized changes in average plaque scores of -1.51 (95% CI: -2.17, -0.85) and -0.55 (95% CI: -0.82, -0.28) were observed (P< 0.001). These plaque reductions by O-R equate to a relative 20% and 4% greater benefit, respectively. The change for sonic versus manual was -0.93 ( 95% CI:-1.48, -0.38); (P < 0.001) which equates to a 12% plaque benefit. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This subject-level meta-analysis of studies up to 3 months provides sound evidence supporting recommendations for patients with various degrees of gingival bleeding to use oscillating-rotating electric toothbrushes over manual and sonic toothbrushes to improve plaque control and gingival health.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Índice de Placa Dentária , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Índice Periodontal , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Método Simples-Cego , Escovação Dentária
5.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 61-69, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051972

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Despite being the gold standard antiplaque agent, chlorhexidine (CHX) has many adverse effects that make scientists search for new agents to combat biofilms as effective as CHX. Hyaluronan, also known as hyaluronic acid (HA), is a natural polysaccharide with anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and bacteriostatic properties. The objectives were to evaluate the plaque inhibitory, and anti-inflammatory effects of HA mouthwash compared to CHX and distilled water (DW) in a 4-day non-brushing model together with the participants' preference to the used products. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three systemically and periodontally healthy subjects were included in this randomised, double-blinded, crossover clinical study. Subjects were randomly assigned into three treatment-sequence groups to use three mouthwashes one after another, in three different time periods. After professional prophylaxis at day 1, subjects refrained from all oral hygiene measures and used mouthwashes that were individually allocated to them. On day 5, scoring of plaque index (PI) according to Turetsky modification of Quigley Hein Index system, modified gingival index (MGI) and measurement of gingival crevice fluid (GCF) volume were performed. Treatment satisfaction questionnaire form was given at the end of each experimental period. RESULTS: CHX showed statistically significant reduction in PI followed by HA (p = 0.048). No statistically significant differences were detected between HA and CHX in terms of MGI and GCF volume. For HA, subjects reported significantly better taste, less sensitivity, burning sensation, mouth dryness and numbness perception compared to CHX and DW. CONCLUSIONS: CHX revealed the best plaque inhibition closely followed by HA. Early gingival inflammatory changes were found similar for CHX and HA. Furthermore, HA was well accepted with better perceptions than CHX and DW.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais , Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Clorexidina , Índice de Placa Dentária , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico , Antissépticos Bucais
6.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 61(1): 21-26, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074586

RESUMO

Many types of interdental instrument, such as dental floss and interdental brushes, can be purchased easily and sell in large numbers. Many studies have compared the effects of such instruments. Few studies have investigated their relationship with regions of residual plaque, however. The purpose of this study was to compare rates of plaque removal from the mesial and distal surfaces of the bilateral maxillary and mandibular premolars and molars among 3 types of interdental instrument: finger-winding-dental floss, holder-type dental floss, and an interdental brush. Prior to the experiment, the artificial teeth in a jaw model were removed for application of artificial plaque. The teeth were then replaced and the model attached to a phantom. An operator brushed the teeth in a posture close to that adopted in actual tooth brushing with each type of instrument, after which the plaque removal rate was compared among them. The rate of plaque removal using finger-winding floss was the highest, although this type of instrument is less easy to hold than the others. The rate with a handle-equipped interdental instrument showed a decrease in some regions, although it is easy to hold. The results of this study suggest that the type of interdental instrument used should differ depending on the region to be cleaned.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Dente Molar , Escovação Dentária
7.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 25(2): e161-e167, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To improve the results of the classic periodontal treatment, probiotics have been suggested recently to decrease the number of bacteria and the expression of mediators of inflammation. This systematic review aimed to assess the literature for the effectiveness of different probiotic strains as adjuvants to non-surgical periodontal therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The electronic database of MEDLINE (via Pubmed) was searched up to December 2017 for randomised clinical trials in English comparing non-surgical periodontal treatment and probiotics versus periodontal treatment and placebo. The primary outcome investigated was reduction in pocket probing depth. Secondary outcomes were bleeding on probing, plaque index reduction and bacteria counts. RESULTS: Nine trials were included. A narrative data synthesis did not result in any major improvement of overall pocket probing depth but moderate pockets from 4 to 6 mm showed larger reductions in study groups, which could decrease the need for surgery. Sites with bleeding on probing and presence of plaque decreased after treatment. For periimplant mucositis, there was a small tendency to better results in the study group. CONCLUSIONS: With the available data, it is concluded that probiotics may provide an additional benefit to manual debridement in chronic periodontitis. More studies are required on dose, route of administration and strains of probiotics used.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Placa Dentária , Probióticos , Estomatite , Índice de Placa Dentária , Raspagem Dentária , Humanos
8.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 35(1): 52-62, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923289

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Among all previous studies, history of periodontitis (HP) has been regarded as a negative indicator for peri-implant health. However, the role of HP under regular supportive post-implant treatment (SPT) has not yet been evaluated. The aim of this review was to evaluate whether HP remains a negative indicator even under regular SPT in terms of clinical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two independent reviewers conducted electronic and manual searches of the literature in English from January 2003 to May 2018. Human clinical studies including both patients with and without HP under SPT with more than 1-year follow-up and complete information about peri-implant conditions were included. Risk ratio (RR) for implant survival rate, weighted mean difference (WMD) for radiologic marginal bone loss, pocket depth, bleeding on probing, and Plaque Index were analyzed to compare the outcomes in patients with and without HP. RESULTS: Thirteen human studies fulfilling the inclusion criteria were selected. Based on the results of meta-analyses, in implants with a rough surface, even under the regular SPT, the HP group showed a lower implant survival rate (RR: 0.96, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.94 to 0.98, P < .001) and more radiologic marginal bone loss (WMD: 0.34 mm, 95% CI: 0.20 to 0.48, P < .001), pocket depth (WMD: 0.47 mm, 95% CI: 0.19 to 0.74, P < .001), and bleeding on probing (WMD: 0.08 mm, 95% CI: 0.04 to 0.11, P < .001) than the non-HP group. In implants with a machined surface, HP also showed a negative effect on bone loss (WMD: 0.88 mm, 95% CI: 0.65 to 1.11, P < .001). However, in implants with a machined surface, no statistical significance in survival rate was found between HP and non-HP patients (RR: 0.98, 95% CI: 0.92 to 1.04, P = .895). CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of this review, HP remains a negative indicator for implant survival even under regular supportive post-implant treatment coverage in rough-surfaced implants.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Perda do Osso Alveolar , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Periodontite , Fatores de Risco
9.
Compend Contin Educ Dent ; 41(3): 170-177, 2020 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904246

RESUMO

This study compared the use of an oscillating-rotating powered toothbrush and a water flosser to the use of an oscillating-rotating powered toothbrush on the reduction of clinical signs of inflammation and plaque. METHODS: Seventy adult participants (N = 70) completed this examiner-blind, two-group, parallel clinical trial. The participants were randomized into either the water flosser + oscillating-rotating powered toothbrush (WF) group or the oscillating-rotating powered toothbrush only group (OR). Inflammation was measured by bleeding on probing (BOP) and modified gingival index (MGI) at baseline, 2 weeks, and 4 weeks. Plaque was scored using Rustogi Modification of the Navy Plaque Index (RMNPI) at the same timepoints. Data was reported for whole mouth, areas (marginal and proximal), and surfaces (facial and lingual). A post-study Likert scale questionnaire was completed at the 4-week visit. RESULTS: Both groups demonstrated significant reductions in BOP, MGI, and RMNPI from baseline to 4 weeks for whole mouth (P < .001). The WF group was 37% more effective at reducing BOP, 36% for MGI, and 33% for RMNPI than the OR group at 4 weeks for whole mouth (P < .001; except RMNPI P = .003). Additionally, the WF group was significantly more effective at reducing proximal BOP (37%, P < .001), MGI (46%, P < .001), and RMNPI (52%, P = .004) compared to OR at 4 weeks. The questionnaire revealed subjects in both groups felt the device was easy to use, the instructions were clear, and their mouth felt fresh and clean. There were no adverse events reported during the study. CONCLUSION: An oral hygiene regimen consisting of the use of a water flosser in addition to an oscillating-rotating powered toothbrush significantly improved gingival health. The products used in both groups were effective and well-tolerated by the study population.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Adulto , Índice de Placa Dentária , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Inflamação , Método Simples-Cego , Escovação Dentária , Água
10.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 44(1): 1-7, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995423

RESUMO

Purpose: To present a meta-analysis whether the risks of caries and periodontal problems in autistic children are higher than those in healthy children. Study design: A literature search that included PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wan fang, and Chinese Scientific and Technological Journal (VIP) databases was conducted. The primary outcomes of interest included the DMFT index, Plaque index (PI), Gingival index (GI), and Salivary pH. Quality assessment was performed in accordance with the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). Dichotomous variables are presented as relative risk (RR), and continuous variables are presented as weighted mean difference (WMD). Results: Eight studies were included in this meta-analysis. Among these 8 studies, six studies compared the DMFT index, three studies compared PI, three studies compared GI, and three studies compared salivary pH. Meta-analysis showed that the mean DMFT index in autistic children was higher than that in healthy children, and the difference was statistically significant {MD = 0.50, 95% CI [0.04-0.96], P<0.00001}. Similarly, PI and GI in autistic children were higher than those in healthy children, and the difference between PI was statistically significant {MD = 0.59, 95%CI [0.36-0.82], P=0.02}, while the difference between GI was not statistically significant {MD = 0.52, 95%CI [0.30-0.75], P=0.08}. But the salivary pH in autistic children was lower than that in healthy children {MD = -0.28, 95%CI [-0.54--0.02], P = 0.02}, and the difference was statistically significant. Conclusion: The present analysis suggests that children with autism have poorer oral hygiene, higher risk of caries, and a lower salivary pH than healthy children.


Assuntos
Transtorno Autístico , Cárie Dentária , Criança , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Higiene Bucal
11.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e112, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939496

RESUMO

This clinical trial compared the efficacy of doxycycline (DOX) in ß-cyclodextrin (DOX)/ßCD) with DOX- alone in gel on thirty-three subjects with periodontitis. Patients were randomized to group 1 GI; 10% DOX + scaling and root planning (SRP); group 2 (GII (10% DOX /ß-CD + SRP), and group 3 (GIII; SRP). Gels were applied in GI and GII at baseline (T0) and 30 days later (T1). Periodontal Probing Depth (PPD), Clinical Attachment Level (CAL), Bleeding on Probing (BOP) and Visible Plaque Index (VPI) were evaluated at (T0), 30 days (T1) and 60 days after T0 (T2). Bone density was analyzed after 18 months (T3). GII showed the most significant reduction of PPD (2.62 mm; p <0.003), and greatest gain in CAL (2.54 mm p <0.003) at T2. BOP and the VPI had a strong reduction in all groups at T2 (p <0.05), both decreased by ≥5 times and 2 times, respectively, in all groups at T1. Bone density increased in all groups in radiographs (T3). The use of DOX encapsulated in ß-CD gel with SRP resulted in significant improvements in clinical periodontal parameters; such molecular inclusion of doxycycline into ß-CD in gel for local application is relatively simple and useful in dentistry.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Doxiciclina/uso terapêutico , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , beta-Ciclodextrinas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Índice de Placa Dentária , Raspagem Dentária/métodos , Método Duplo-Cego , Composição de Medicamentos , Feminino , Géis , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Perda da Inserção Periodontal , Índice Periodontal , Aplainamento Radicular/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
12.
Clin Oral Implants Res ; 31(2): 181-191, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680339

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the esthetic and clinical outcomes of immediate implantation using the conventional flap-less approach and the socket-shield technique (SST). METHODS: This study included 30 adult patients who underwent anterior teeth replacement and fulfilled the pre-defined criteria. Patients were randomly allocated to the SST (n = 15) and conventional flap-less (control, n = 15) groups. The esthetic outcomes were evaluated by assessing the degree of soft-tissue recession and the pink esthetic scores (PESs). Clinical parameters, including the modified plaque index, modified sulcus bleeding index (mSBI), probing depth (PD), and implant stability quotient (ISQ), were assessed. The buccal plate width (BPW) and height (BPH) were also measured. RESULTS: Implantation was clinically successful for all subjects in both groups. With a similar baseline, the SST group exhibited less reduction in the midfacial mucosal margins and the height of the mesial and distal papillae as well as higher BPW and BPH values compared with the control group (p < .001). The ISQ values were 76.01 ± 1.31 for the SST group and 75.56 ± 1.07 for the control group (p > .05), suggesting sufficient initial stability in both groups. At the 24-month follow-up, SST group patients had statistically significant lower values of PD, mSBI, and mPLI compared with the control group. There were no significant differences in the overall and individual PES values for both groups. CONCLUSION: SST may improve functional and esthetic outcomes by maintaining alveolar bone volume and peri-implant tissues. SST seems to be a promising treatment approach for implants in the esthetic zone.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário , Adulto , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Índice de Placa Dentária , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Maxila , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Oral Sci ; 62(1): 43-47, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31708551

RESUMO

This study aimed to compare the thickness and elasticity of the masseter muscle between patients with gingivitis and patients with periodontitis. A total of 124 patients (63 gingivitis, 61 chronic periodontitis) were recruited at the start of the study, but only 84 patients were declared as final participants. Patients were divided into two groups: (1) patients suffering from gingivitis and (2) those with generalized chronic periodontitis. Clinical (PI, plaque index; GI, gingival index; PD, probing depth; CAL, clinical attachment loss; and BOP, bleeding on probing scores) and ultrasonographic (thickness and elasticity of the masseter muscle) measurements of periodontitis were performed. There were no significant differences in gender, age, body mass index, education status, income level, or marital status between the two groups (P > 0.05). The mean age ± SD for the gingivitis and periodontitis groups was 39.5 ± 10.8 years and 44.8 ± 8.8 years, respectively. There were significant differences between the two groups in the number of PI, GI, PD, CAL, and BOP scores. There were significant differences between the two groups when thickness of masseter during contraction and at rest was taken into account. The gingivitis group had significantly thicker masseter during both contraction and rest. On the other hand, when the elasticity of the masseter was evaluated, there were no significant differences found between the two groups and two sides for each group. Masseter muscle thickness in the periodontitis group was found to be decreased compared with that in the gingivitis group. Furthermore, loss of periodontal tissues due to periodontitis reduces the masticatory ability.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Músculo Masseter , Adulto , Índice de Placa Dentária , Elasticidade , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Perda da Inserção Periodontal , Índice Periodontal
14.
Spec Care Dentist ; 40(1): 26-34, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697453

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the impact of an oral health program for institutionalized individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) and their caregivers, after 2 and 6 months. METHODS: Sixty-two CP individuals in four homes were selected for intervention group (n = 31) and control group (n = 31). An oral hygiene practices questionnaire was applied to all caregivers at the baseline. Both groups received awareness sessions, practical demonstration of toothbrushing and adaptive techniques with role-play. In the study group, individual oral hygiene monitoring was also performed in the first 2 months. A gingival and an oral hygiene indexes were performed at the beginning, after 2 and 6 months of intervention. RESULTS: There was a significant reduction of gingival (p < 0.001) and oral hygiene (p < 0.001) indexes at 2 and 6 months in the intervention group with the most significant reductions at 2 months. Caregivers reported opening the mouth (84.6%) and swallowing toothpaste (61.5%) as the most important difficulties in performing toothbrushing. CONCLUSION: It was found that frequent and individualized monitoring of plaque control was essential to reduce dental plaque and gingivitis levels and that awareness sessions were not enough to produce clinically significant result.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Gengivite , Adulto , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Higiene Bucal , Escovação Dentária
15.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 78(1): 20-25, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661343

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the periodontal status and dental behaviour of heart transplant recipients with systemically healthy controls.Material and Methods: Forty heart transplant recipients and 40 systemically healthy patients were included. A questionnaire was used to record demographic, systemic health and dental behaviour data, and the following clinical parameters were recorded: plaque index, bleeding on probing, probing depth, gingival recession, and clinical attachment level.Results: Mean probing depth (p = .045), mean gingival recession (p = .016), mean clinical attachment level (p = .021) and mean plaque index scores (p = .001) were higher in heart transplant recipients than the systemically healthy group. However, bleeding on probing was similar in both groups (p > .05). Tooth brushing frequency and number of participants who used dental floss/interdental brush was lower in the heart transplant group.Conclusion: Considering the poor oral hygiene and high clinical periodontal parameters of heart transplant recipients, periodontal evaluation should be done regularly before and after transplantation. The patient's daily oral hygiene regimens should be evaluated carefully in this evaluation session and modified based on their gingival health, manual skill and motivational levels. The importance of oral health and its effects on systemic health should also be explained to the transplant recipients in detail.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Transplante de Coração , Saúde Bucal , Higiene Bucal , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Placa Dentária/epidemiologia , Placa Dentária/etiologia , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Periodontais/etiologia , Índice Periodontal , Adulto Jovem
16.
Eur Arch Paediatr Dent ; 21(1): 129-136, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31214964

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate changes in the oral health status of children under the age of 14 years with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) attending a cancer centre before and after chemotherapy treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 32 children with ALL without distinction of gender were selected for study. The oral cavity of the patients was evaluated before the induction stage and 17 days later. Clinical evaluation of the submandibular, submental, and cervical lymph nodes was performed. Saliva samples were collected during the early morning hours. Bacterial plaque was assessed by using the Silness and Löe plaque index (SLPI) and gingiva status was evaluated with the gingival Löe and Silness index (GLSI). The WHO toxicity oral scale was used to record the degree of oral mucositis. The resulting data were analysed with McNemar's test, t test (for related samples), and Wilcoxon test. RESULTS: There were statistically significant differences for palpable lymph nodes, paleness of oral mucosa, and ecchymoseis, respectively, P ≤ 0.000, P = 0.03, and P = 0.01, with these manifestations decreasing significantly after treatment. Incipient gingivitis had frequencies of 71.9% and 75% before and after treatment, respectively. The mean SLPI score declined significantly from 1.16 ± 0.52 (before treatment) to 0.56 ± 0.36 (after treatment) (P < 0.000); salivary flow increased significantly from 0.54 ± 0.34 to 1.22 ± 1.07 after chemotherapy treatment (P < 0.00). Oral mucositis was present in 24 children (75%) with a 1-2 severity level. CONCLUSIONS: After chemotherapy treatment, there were changes in the oral conditions of children with ALL. Some manifestations decreased after treatment, whereas in others increased.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Criança , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Índice Periodontal
17.
Gerodontology ; 37(1): 2-10, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774201

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to present Gingival Index (GI) and Plaque Scores (PS) of older and disabled adults living in low-income senior housing and their association with sociodemographic, health status and oral health behaviours. METHODS: Participants were recruited from six low-income senior housing residences in Connecticut. Primary outcome measures were Gingival Index (GI) and Plaque Scores (PS). Surveys assessed sociodemographic characteristic, beliefs and behaviours. Logistic regression analysis was used to model the binary outcomes of probability of unfavourable GI status (>=0.34) and unfavourable PS (>=74%) against variables including demographic characteristics, oral hygiene behaviours and health status. RESULTS: 331 participants volunteered for the study. Mean baseline GI was 0.38 (SD: 0.3), and mean PS was 71.7% (SD: 18%). Logistic regression showed that males were more likely to have higher GI and plaque scores than females. Those with less formal education were more likely to have worse GI scores and high PS compared to those with college educations. Those with lower incomes and those who rated their oral health poor/fair were more likely to have higher PS. CONCLUSION: Participants had remarkably good gingival health regardless of relatively high PS. Males and less educated individuals should receive special attention when implementing oral hygiene interventions because of their relatively poor oral hygiene status.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Adulto , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Habitação , Humanos , Masculino , Higiene Bucal , Índice Periodontal
18.
Int J Dent Hyg ; 18(1): 73-83, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291683

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the WhiteTeeth mobile app, a theory-based mobile health (mHealth) program for promoting oral hygiene in adolescent orthodontic patients. METHODS: In this parallel randomized controlled trial, the data of 132 adolescents were collected during three orthodontic check-ups: at baseline (T0), at 6-week follow-up (T1) and at 12-week follow-up (T2). The intervention group was given access to the WhiteTeeth app in addition to usual care (n = 67). The control group received usual care only (n = 65). The oral hygiene outcomes were the presence and the amount of dental plaque (Al-Anezi and Harradine plaque index), and the total number of sites with gingival bleeding (Bleeding on Marginal Probing Index). Oral health behaviour and its psychosocial factors were measured through a digital questionnaire. We performed linear mixed-model analyses to determine the intervention effects. RESULTS: At 6-week follow-up, the intervention led to a significant decrease in gingival bleeding (B = -3.74; 95% CI -6.84 to -0.65) and an increase in the use of fluoride mouth rinse (B = 1.93; 95% CI 0.36 to 3.50). At 12-week follow-up, dental plaque accumulation (B = -11.32; 95% CI -20.57 to -2.07) and the number of sites covered with plaque (B = -6.77; 95% CI -11.67 to -1.87) had been reduced significantly more in the intervention group than in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: The results show that adolescents with fixed orthodontic appliances can be helped to improve their oral hygiene when usual care is combined with a mobile app that provides oral health education and automatic coaching. Netherlands Trial Registry Identifier: NTR6206: 20 February 2017.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Aplicativos Móveis , Adolescente , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Países Baixos , Higiene Bucal
19.
Int J Dent Hyg ; 18(1): 116-123, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31276312

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of a novel cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC)-hyaluronic acid (HA)-based mouthrinse with chlorhexidine (CHX) and placebo mouthrinses in preventing plaque and gingivitis. The secondary outcomes were calculus, extrinsic stains, oral malodour and occurrence of adverse events. METHODS: A 21-day randomized, double-blind, three-arm parallel study with random allocation of young dental students to any of the three mouthrinse groups. Thorough prophylaxis was done at baseline followed by a baseline examination for oral malodour, extrinsic stains, calculus, gingivitis and plaque by a single examiner. All the subjects used the allocated mouthrinse twice daily for 21 days and were examined again at the end of the experimental period. They were also interviewed for adverse events. Change in the scores of clinical indices was calculated and compared between the groups. RESULTS: A total of 75 subjects were included and completed the experiment. There was a significant difference for change in plaque index scores between the groups (P = .015); subjects in the placebo group experienced higher levels of plaque accumulation than the other groups. Teeth staining increased in the CHX (P < .001) and placebo groups (P = .002), but not in CPC-HA users (P = .573). No significant differences were found between the three experimental groups for change in the gingival index (P = .08), calculus scores (P = .494), oral malodour (P = .870) and reporting of adverse events (P = .249). CONCLUSIONS: CPC-HA and CHX had similar effectiveness in preventing plaque accumulation, while no differences were observed between the mouthrinses for preventing gingivitis. Dental staining was caused by CHX and the placebo mouthrinses but not by CPC-HA mouthrinse.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais , Gengivite , Cetilpiridínio , Clorexidina , Índice de Placa Dentária , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico , Antissépticos Bucais , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Int J Dent Hyg ; 18(1): 62-72, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309703

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this observational study was to investigate the relationship between tongue coating (thickness [Tc] and surface discoloration [Td]) and gender, plaque, gingivitis (bleeding on marginal probing [BOMP] and bleeding on pocket probing [BOPP]) and tongue cleaning behaviour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 336 participants were screened for this cross-sectional study, from which 268 (150 male, 118 female) were found to be eligible. Aspects of tongue coating were visually assessed. Additionally, BOMP, BOPP and the plaque index (PI) were scored. To ascertain the tongue cleaning behaviour, the Oral Hygiene Behavior questionnaire was used. RESULTS: Most tongue coating was found at the posterior sections of the tongue surface. A thin coating and white discoloration were most prevalent as highest score for both males (92.7%) and females (87.4%), as well as white discoloration for the whole group of participants (50.2%). A gender difference was observed for TC and Td (P < .001). Analysis did not reveal a relationship between Tc and PI and between Td and PI. Also, no relation was detected between tongue cleaning behaviour and Tc or Td. However, tongue cleaning was associated with lower BOMP and BOPP scores. CONCLUSION: BOMP, BOPP or PI score did not appear to be linked to Tc and Td. A significant gender difference was found for Tc and Td. Self-reported tongue cleaning behaviour was associated with slightly lower BOMP and BOPP scores.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Estudos Transversais , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Índice Periodontal , Língua , Adulto Jovem
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