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1.
J Chromatogr A ; 1627: 461380, 2020 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32823093

RESUMO

Microwave-ultrasonic assisted aqueous enzymatic extraction (MUAAEE) was applied to extract tiger nut oil (TNO). The conditions of MUAAEE were optimized by Plackett-Burman design followed Box-Behnken design. An oil recovery of 85.23% was achieved under optimum conditions of a 2% concentration of mixed enzyme including cellulase, pectinase and hemicellulase (1/1/1, w/w/w), particle size <600 µm, microwave power 300 W, ultrasonic power 460 W, radiation temperature 40 °C, time 30 min, enzymolysis temperature 45 °C, pH 4.9, liquid-to-solid ratio 10 mL/g and time 180 min. Oil by MUAAEE revealed the similar fatty acid compositions, triglyceride compositions, thermal behaviour and flavour compared with oil by Soxhlet extraction (SE), while the oil quality of MUAAEE is superior to that of SE. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that structural disruption of tiger nut caused by MUAAEE facilitated the oil extraction. Results suggest that MUAAEE could be an efficient and environment-friendly method for extraction of TNO.


Assuntos
Cyperus/química , Enzimas/metabolismo , Micro-Ondas , Nozes/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Ultrassom , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Celulase/metabolismo , Análise Discriminante , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Poligalacturonase/metabolismo , Análise de Componente Principal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Temperatura , Triglicerídeos/análise , Água/química
2.
J Chromatogr A ; 1627: 461390, 2020 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32823096

RESUMO

A dispersive solid phase extraction method was combined with deep eutectic solvent-based solidification of floating organic drop-dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction and used for the extraction/preconcentration of some organophosphorus pesticides residues from edible oil samples. The extracted analytes were quantified with gas chromatography-nitrogen phosphorous detector. In this procedure, the sample lipids are saponified with a sodium hydroxide solution and then the analytes are adsorbed onto a primary secondary amine sorbent. After that the analytes are desorbed with acetone as an elution/dispersive solvent and mixed with choline chloride: 3,3-dimethyl butyric acid deep eutectic solvent and the mixture is rapidly dispersed into deionized water. Then, the obtained cloudy solution is centrifuged and placed into an ice bath. The extraction solvent is solidified on the top of the solution. Finally, it is removed and dissolved in acetonitrile, and 1 µL of the solution is injected into the separation system. Validation of the method showed that limits of detection and quantification were in the ranges of 0.06-0.24 and 0.20-0.56 ng mL-1, respectively. Enrichment factors and extraction recoveries of the analytes ranged from 170-192 and 68-77%, respectively. The method had an acceptable precision with relative standard deviations less than ≤9.2% for intra- (n=6) and inter-day (n=6) precisions at four concentrations (3, 10, 50, and 250 ng mL-1, each analyte). Finally the method was used for determination of the analytes in five edible oil samples.


Assuntos
Microextração em Fase Líquida/métodos , Compostos Organofosforados/análise , Praguicidas/análise , Óleos Vegetais/química , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Solventes/química , Acetonitrilos/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Hidróxido de Sódio/química , Soluções , Sonicação , Fatores de Tempo
3.
Anticancer Res ; 40(8): 4529-4535, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Although ginseng seed oil (GSO) appears to have various roles in the body, its anti-cancer effect has not been investigated. Tamoxifen is widely used to treat estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer but shows adverse effects with drug resistance. This study investigated the effect of GSO in ER+ breast cancer cell growth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell viability assays, western blots and Annexin V staining were conducted to examine cell viability and apoptosis. The synergistic effect of tamoxifen in combination with GSO or oleic acid (OA) was determined. RESULTS: GSO and OA caused apoptosis of MCF-7 ER+ breast cancer cells and had synergistic effects with tamoxifen in inhibiting tamoxifen-resistant MCF-7 (MCF-7TAMR) ER+ breast cancer cell growth. CONCLUSION: GSO may block ER+ breast cancer recurrence in combination with tamoxifen.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Ácido Oleico/farmacologia , Panax/química , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Óleos Vegetais/química , Sementes/química
4.
Food Chem ; 332: 127408, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32619944

RESUMO

A research was performed to determine and compare the physicochemical properties, chemical compositions and in vitro antioxidant activities of Paeonia lactiflora Pall seed oils with ultrasonic-assisted solvent extraction, pressing and supercritical fluid extraction. Paeonia lactiflora Pall seed oil contained a high percentage of polyunsaturated fatty acids and monounsaturated fatty acids, especially oleic (31.62-32.88%) and α-linolenic acids (37.55-39.95%). The beneficial multiple dietary phytochemicals (tocopherol, phytosterols and squalene) and in vitro antioxidant activity were significantly influenced by the hull and processing method (P<0.05). However, higher tocopherol (596.67-738.76 mg/kg) and phytosterols (5775.01-6055.62 mg/kg) contents were found in supercritical fluid extraction oils. Additionally, ten individual polyphenols were quantified, and significantly influenced by the hull and processing method (P<0.05), with the content of benzoic acid and several individual flavonoids being the higher. According to the results, pressing might be the best process for extracting oil with a high number of polyphenols.


Assuntos
Paeonia/metabolismo , Óleos Vegetais/química , Cromatografia com Fluido Supercrítico , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Fitosteróis/química , Fitosteróis/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/química , Óleos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Sementes/química , Sementes/metabolismo , Sonicação , Tocoferóis/química , Tocoferóis/isolamento & purificação
5.
Food Chem ; 333: 127501, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32682230

RESUMO

Pomegranate seed oil is valuable source of bioactive compounds with health-beneficial effects, but it is sensitive to oxidation due to high content of PUFA. In order to improve stability of pomegranate seed oil, the influence of natural antioxidant (0.1% pomegranate peel extract) and a combination of synthetic antioxidant (0.01% butylhydroxytoluene) and pomegranate peel extract (0.05%) was investigated. The oxidation process was followed by monitoring fatty acid composition and measuring the quality and stability parameters of oil (acid value, peroxide value, anisidine value and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances value) during storage for 12 days at 65 °C. Furthermore, total phenolic content and DPPH radical scavenging activity was measured. Pomegranate peel extract as well as a combination of pomegranate peel extract and BHT can have a significant positive impact (P < 0.05) on improvement of the quality and stability parameters of pomegranate seed oil. Furthermore, such activity was better than BHT used alone.


Assuntos
Extratos Vegetais/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Romã (Fruta)/química , Antioxidantes/química , Hidroxitolueno Butilado/química , Frutas/química , Oxirredução , Fenóis/química , Substâncias Reativas com Ácido Tiobarbitúrico/química
6.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 331: 108786, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32659617

RESUMO

Sweet orange essential oil is obtained from the peels of Citrus sinensis (CSEO) by cold pressing, and used as a valuable product by the food industry. Nanoencapsulation is known as a valid strategy to improve chemical stability, organoleptic properties, and delivery of EO-based products. In the present study we encapsulated CSEO using chitosan nanoemulsions (cn) as nanocarrier, and evaluated its antimicrobial activity in combination with mild heat, as well as its sensorial acceptability in orange and apple juices. CSEO composition was analyzed by GC-MS, and 19 components were identified, with limonene as the predominant constituent (95.1%). cn-CSEO was prepared under low shear conditions and characterized according to droplet size (<60 nm) and polydispersity index (<0.260 nm). Nanoemulsions were stable for at least 3 months at 4 ± 2 °C. cn-CSEO were compared with suspensions of CSEO (s-CSEO) (0.2 µL of CSEO/mL) in terms of antibacterial activity in combination with mild heat (52 °C) against Escherichia coli O157:H7 Sakai. cn-CSEO displayed a greater bactericidal activity than s-CSEO at pH 7.0 and pH 4.0. The validation in fruit juices showed an improved bactericidal effect of cn-CSEO in comparison with s-CSEO when combined with mild heat in apple juice, but not in orange juice. In both juices, the combination of CSEO and mild heat exerted synergistic lethal effects, reducing the treatment time to cause the inactivation of up to 5 Log10 cycles of E. coli O157:H7 Sakai cells. Finally, the sensory characteristics of both juices were acceptable either when using s-CSEO or CSEO nanoemulsified with chitosan. Therefore, as a promising carrier for lipophilic substances, the encapsulation of EOs with chitosan nanoemulsions might represent an advantageous alternative when combined with mild heat to preserve fruit juices.


Assuntos
Quitosana/química , Emulsões/farmacologia , Conservação de Alimentos/métodos , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais/microbiologia , Óleos Vegetais/química , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bebidas/microbiologia , Quitosana/farmacologia , Citrus sinensis/química , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Emulsões/química , Escherichia coli O157/efeitos dos fármacos , Frutas/química , Temperatura Alta , Malus/microbiologia
7.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 330: 108766, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32659522

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to explore the antifungal and aflatoxin B1 inhibitory efficacy of nanoencapsulated antifungal formulation. Mixture design response surface methodology (RSM) was utilized to design the antifungal formulation (SBC 4:1:1) based on the combination of chemically characterized Ocimum sanctum (S), O. basilicum (B), and O. canum (C) against Aspergillus flavus. The SBC was incorporated inside the chitosan nanomatrix (Ne-SBC) using an ultrasonic probe (40 kHz) and interactions were confirmed by SEM, FTIR and XRD analysis. The results showed that the Ne-SBC possessed enhanced antifungal and aflatoxin B1 inhibitory effect over the free form of SBC. The biochemical and in silico results indicate that the antifungal and aflatoxin B1 inhibitory effect was related to perturbance in the plasma membrane function (ergosterol biosynthesis and membrane cation) mitochondrial membrane potential, C-sources utilization, antioxidant defense system, and the targeted gene products Erg 28, cytochrome c oxidase subunit Va, and Nor-1. In-situ observation revealed that Ne-SBC effectively protects the Avena sativa seeds from A. flavus and AFB1 contamination and preserves its sensory profile. The findings suggest that the fabrication of SBC inside the chitosan nano-matrix has promising use in the food industries as an antifungal agent.


Assuntos
Aflatoxina B1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Ocimum/química , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Aflatoxina B1/metabolismo , Antifúngicos/química , Aspergillus flavus/efeitos dos fármacos , Aspergillus flavus/metabolismo , Quitosana/química , Quitosana/farmacologia , Composição de Medicamentos , Ocimum/classificação , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Sementes/microbiologia
8.
Food Chem ; 333: 127531, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32679420

RESUMO

The effect of roasting of chia seed at different temperatures (90, 120, 150 and 180 °C) on bioactive constituents in extracts and on the quality of oil was evaluated. At higher temperatures, crude protein and ash contents increased, whereas total phenolic, flavonoid, carotenoid, and antioxidant activities decreased. The predominant phenolic constituents were myrcetin, and rosmarinic, 3, 4-dihydroxybenzoic, caffeic, and gallic acids, which all decreased with increasing temperatures. Notably, myrcetin content ranged from 75.59 mg/100 g (at 100 °C) to 85.49 mg/100 g (for control). Tocopherols (É£ and α type) were predominant nutrients and their levels ranged from 654.86 mg/100 g (at 180 °C) to 698.32 mg/100 g (for control). Concentrations of linolenic (59.84%), linoleic (20.57%), and oleic (10.09%) acids from unroasted chia seeds were higher than those from roasted ones. This study revealed that chia seeds should be heated at temperatures below or equal to 90 °C in order to preserve their nutrient profile.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos/química , Manipulação de Alimentos , Temperatura Alta , Óleos Vegetais/química , Salvia/química , Sementes/química , Qualidade dos Alimentos
9.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0233959, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32497146

RESUMO

Development of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) breeding lines producing oil characterized by high oleic and low linolenic acid content is an important goal of rapeseed breeding programs worldwide. Such kind of oil is ideal for deep frying and can also be used as a raw material for biodiesel production. By performing chemical mutagenesis using ethyl methanesulfonate, we obtained mutant winter rapeseed breeding lines that can produce oil with a high content of oleic acid (C18:1, more than 75%) and a low content of linolenic acid (C18:3, less than 3%). However, the mutant lines revealed low agricultural value as they were characterized by low seed yield, low wintering, and high content of glucosinolates in seed meal. The aim of this work was to improve the mutant lines and develop high-oleic and low-linolenic recombinants exhibiting both good oil quality and high agronomic value. The plant materials used in this study included high-oleic and low-linolenic mutant breeding lines and high-yielding domestic canola-type breeding lines of good agricultural value with high oleic acid content and extremely low glucosinolates content. Field trials were conducted in four environments, in a randomized complete block design. Phenotyping was performed for wintering, yield of seed and oil, and seed quality traits. Genotype × environment interaction was investigated with respect to the content of C18:1 and C18:3 acids in seed oil. Genotyping was done for the selection of homozygous high oleic and low linolenic lines using allele-specific CAPS markers and SNaPshot assay, respectively. Finally, new high oleic and low linolenic winter rapeseed recombinant lines were obtained for use as a starting material for the development of new varieties that may be of high value on the oil crop market.


Assuntos
Brassica napus/genética , Ácido Oleico/genética , Sementes/genética , Ácido alfa-Linoleico/genética , Brassica napus/química , Mutagênese , Ácido Oleico/análise , Melhoramento Vegetal , Óleos Vegetais/química , Sementes/química , Seleção Genética , Ácido alfa-Linoleico/análise
10.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234661, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32544201

RESUMO

Xanthoxylin was the main compound (content 44.92% of total volatiles) in the leaves of Luodian B. balsamifera, which might be the key cause of failure in collecting essential oil (EO) of the leaves using general hydrodistillation in Clevenger apparatus. A modified hydrodistillation equipped with Clevenger apparatus was designed for isolating EO from the leaves. Six EOs of Luodian B. balsamifera harvested once a month from September to next February were collected successfully. The main components of EOs were δ-elemene, α-cubenene, caryophyllene, caryophyllene epoxide, γ-eudesmol, xanthoxylin, and α-eudesmol. The EOs of Luodian B. balsamifera collected from October to December had higher antioxidant activities (ACs). Combining the principal component analysis of chemical components with the results of ACs and the yields of six EOs, the leaves of Luodian B. balsamifera were suitable to be harvested in November and December to obtain EO with high quality.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Asteraceae/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , China , Destilação/instrumentação , Destilação/métodos , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos Policíclicos/isolamento & purificação , Estações do Ano , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação
11.
Food Chem ; 331: 127333, 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590265

RESUMO

Flours obtained from unripe and ripe inajá palm tree fruit pulp, as well as co-products that were generated after oil extraction, were evaluated for the first time. In addition, the oils extracted using ethanol as a solvent were also analyzed. The oils showed similar thermal characteristics, such as thermal stability up to about 253 °C, while also presenting a rich composition of phenolic compounds, antioxidant capacity and carotenoid content. Concerning the raw flours and their defatted counterparts, their free and bound phenolic compounds, which comprised gallic acid, 4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, ferulic acid, p-coumaric acid, and m-coumaric acid, were identified and quantified using high-performance liquid chromatography. Moreover, the defatting process improved thermal stability and decreased the peak viscosity of the unripe and ripe flours. The presence of starch and bioactive compounds in all the inajá flours provides a rationale for the development of new food and non-food products.


Assuntos
Arecaceae/química , Frutas/química , Antioxidantes/análise , Arecaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Carotenoides/análise , Farinha/análise , Óleos Vegetais/química , Temperatura , Viscosidade
12.
Food Chem ; 330: 127202, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531637

RESUMO

The effect of supercritical fluid extract of tomato pomace (TP) and essential oil of organic peppermint (PM) on pH, color, residual nitrite content, lipid oxidation (TBARS value) and total plate count (TPC) of cooked pork sausages produced with 50 mg/kg of sodium nitrite was investigated. Five batches were produced: T1: 100 mg/kg of sodium nitrite; T2: 50 mg of sodium nitrite; T3: 50 mg of sodium nitrite and 0.150 µL/g TP; T4: 50 mg of sodium nitrite, 0.075 µL/g TP and 0.075 µL/g PM; T5: 50 mg of sodium nitrite and 0.150 µL/g PM. The lowest residual nitrite content and TBARS value were observed in treatment T4. The inclusion of TP increased redness of cooked pork sausages. TPC was the lowest in treatment T5. The results of this study showed that the addition of TP and PM enhanced quality of cooked sausages produced with reduced level of sodium nitrite.


Assuntos
Lycopersicon esculentum/química , Produtos da Carne/análise , Mentha piperita/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Carne Vermelha/análise , Nitrito de Sódio/química , Animais , Cor , Culinária , Oxirredução , Extratos Vegetais/química , Suínos
13.
Food Chem ; 330: 127265, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32540525

RESUMO

Camelina oil is increasingly popular as consumption as oil. Erucic acid is an unwanted fatty acid in oil. First studies on several genotypes have shown that this oil contains varying amounts of eriuc acid. The aim of the study was to analyses content of eriuc acid in all genotypes camelina. Hypothesis was that the content of erucic acid in winter forms is lower than in spring ones. A field experiment with 65 spring genotypes and 9 winter genotypes of camelina was conducted in Poland from 2016 to 2018. The analyses based on two chromatographic methods, i.e. UPLC-DAD and GC-MS, showed no differences in the results for the camelina samples. The average percentage content of the erucic acid in the spring genotypes was 3.432%, and in the winter genotypes was 0.1%. Our three-year research shows that some winter varieties can be used as low erucic acid forms.


Assuntos
Brassicaceae/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Brassicaceae/genética , Ácidos Erúcicos/química , Genótipo , Polônia , Estações do Ano , Sementes/química , Sementes/genética
14.
J Chromatogr A ; 1621: 461063, 2020 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32360060

RESUMO

A new turn-on fluorescent probe, based on a hydrazine group placed in the meso-position of the BODIPY molecule, was synthesized. It was then used for detecting long-chain fatty aldehydes, which can be harmful to human health, in edible vegetable oils. In acetonitrile, the probe produced strong "turn on" and 100-fold fluorescence enhancement with high sensitivity and rapid response to saturated fatty aldehydes. A highly sensitive detection method for long-chain fatty aldehydes was established using pre-column derivation fluorescence procedure by high-performance liquid chromatography. The chromatographic method established provided satisfactory precision (1.91%-5.93%), good linearity (R2 ≥ 0.999), an acceptable accuracy (83.7%-108%) and a low limit of detection (6.4-12.4 ng/mL). The experimental results indicated that the probe could qualitatively and quantitatively detect six fatty aldehydes in vegetable oils, thus providing the potential for use in routine analysis for identifying the type of vegetable oil and for controlling its quality and safety.


Assuntos
Aldeídos/análise , Compostos de Boro/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Corantes Fluorescentes , Óleos Vegetais/química
15.
J Chromatogr A ; 1622: 461096, 2020 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32359779

RESUMO

The main focus of the present research was the on-line coupling of two separation techniques, namely liquid chromatography (LC) and gas chromatography (GC). For such an analytical combination, a dedicated interface is required to remove solvent from the sample, leaving the latter in a sharp band at the head of the GC column. Considering such an objective, a lab-developed LC-GC interface is herein presented, based on the use of a six-port two-position valve and a programmed-temperature-vaporizing (PTV) injector. The PTV injector was derived from a commercial split/splitless injector body, heated using a resistance heating wire, and enabled a satisfactory recovery of low boiling compounds (≤ C13), working in the normal-phase mode. The lab-developed PTV injector allowed the use of a larger-volume liner (compared to the commercial one initially used), it being characterized by dimensions 95 mm length × 5.0 mm O.D. × 3.4 mm I.D. and a volume of 862 µL, thus facilitating the transfer of larger LC fractions. The developed system is fully automatized and controlled without the use of additional software. The interface was evaluated and used for the analysis of mineral oil saturated hydrocarbons in vegetable oils. Detection was carried out by using a flame ionization detector (FID), with quantification performed through external calibration, across the 5-1000 mg kg-1 range. The LC-GC-FID method linearity, limits of detection and quantification, accuracy and precision were measured. The resulting limits of detection and quantification values were 0.4 and 1.3 mg kg-1, respectively. The average accuracy at the 100 mg kg-1 level was 95.5% (ranging between 93.3 and 99.7%). Intra-day repeatability at levels of 5 and 100 mg kg-1 were 2.4% and 3.5%, respectively.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Química Analítica , Cromatografia Gasosa , Técnicas de Química Analítica/instrumentação , Técnicas de Química Analítica/métodos , Ionização de Chama , Gases/análise , Hidrocarbonetos/análise , Limite de Detecção , Óleo Mineral/análise , Óleos Vegetais/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Solventes/análise , Temperatura
16.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232997, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32442165

RESUMO

In this study, activated carbons prepared from the green and black olive stone (green OSAC and black OSAC) were used as adsorbents to investigate their removal efficiencies for oxidation products and polar compounds from used sunflower and corn cooking oils. The degree of oxidation level and polar compounds were evaluated using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) with the principal component analysis and ultra-performance liquid chromatography. Two FTIR absorption peaks were used for the oil evaluation, namely 3007-3009 cm-1, which is related to C-H symmetric stretching vibration of the cis double bonds, and ~1743 cm-1, which is related to = CH and ester carbonyl stretching vibration of the functional groups of the triglycerides, C = O. The principal component analysis results showed significant variations in the oxidation level of the sunflower and the corn oils occurred after consecutive heating and French fries frying for 10 days. The oxidation products that are adsorbed on the surface of the OSAC forms π-complexes with the C = C parts of the OSAC system. It can be concluded that the prepared adsorbents can be promising, efficient, economically effective, and environmentally friendly alternative adsorbents for oil treatment applications.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal/isolamento & purificação , Olea/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Adsorção , Culinária , Óleo de Milho/química , Efeito Estufa/prevenção & controle , Temperatura Alta , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Análise Multivariada , Olea/ultraestrutura , Azeite de Oliva/química , Oxirredução , Análise de Componente Principal , Catar , Extração em Fase Sólida , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Óleo de Girassol/química
17.
Food Chem ; 326: 126995, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32413748

RESUMO

This study aimed at encapsulating pomegranate seed oil (PSO) by emulsification followed by spray drying using whey protein isolate (WPI) in its natural form, heated (Pickering), and combined with modified starch (WPI:Capsul®) as emulsifiers/wall materials. Emulsions were stable under different stress conditions. Pickering emulsions presented bigger droplet size (6.49-9.98 µm) when compared to WPI (1.88-4.62 µm) and WPI:Capsul® emulsions (1.68-5.62 µm). Sixteen fatty acids were identified in PSO. WPI treatment was considered the best formulation since it presented the highest fatty acid retention (68.51, 65.47, 47.27, 53.68, 52.95, and 52.28% for linoleic, oleic, punicic, α-eleostearic, catalpic, and ß-eleostearic acids after 30 days-storage, respectively) and protected the oil against volatile compound formation (heptanal, (E,E)-2,4-heptadienal, (Z)-2-heptenal, octanal, pentanal, (E)-2-hexenal, (E)-2-octenal, nonanal, (E)-2-decenal, and (E,E)-2,4-octadienal), which did not occur with free PSO. Overall, encapsulation protected PSO against oxidation over time, which may allow the development of new functional foods.


Assuntos
Óleos Vegetais/química , Romã (Fruta)/química , Amido/química , Proteínas do Soro do Leite/química , Dessecação , Emulsificantes/química , Emulsões , Temperatura Alta , Oxirredução , Proteínas do Soro do Leite/isolamento & purificação
18.
Food Chem ; 326: 127034, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32438233

RESUMO

Coriander contains petroselinic acid, an isomer fatty acid of oleic acid. Coriander seed oil has been proposed as novel food ingredient in the European Union. Field experiments were performed at Auch (France) during two seasons (2010 and 2011). From flowering to maturity, fruits were harvested weekly and oil content and fatty acid (FA) compositions were determined. Fruits presented 2% more oil in 2010 than in 2011. Petroselinic acid (PA) contents was higher in 2011 than in 2010. Oil accumulation began earlier after flowering (2 DAF) in 2011. A first step in accumulation was identified between two and 21 DAF characterized by high SFA and PUFA, which decreased 21 DAF. Subsequently, PA increased to its highest concentration (30-55 DAF) and SFA and PUFA reached their lowest. These results suggest that higher concentrations of PA can be achieved by collecting fruits before full maturity.


Assuntos
Coriandrum/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Coriandrum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Frutas/química , Frutas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Isomerismo , Ácido Oleico/química , Sementes/química
19.
Food Chem ; 326: 126986, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32407998

RESUMO

In the present work, a barcode-DNA analysis method is described for the detection of plant oil adulteration in milk and dairy products. The method relies on the fact that plant DNA should not be present in readily detectable amounts in a dairy product unless it contains undeclared plant material. Thus, a universal plant barcode is chosen as the target to be amplified from dairy samples. Accordingly, barcode PCR-CE (PCR-capillary electrophoresis) assays are described, which do not require preliminary information on the species source of the adulterant oil type. Two PCR-CE assays, one operating on the plastid trnL (UAA) intron and the other targeting its inner P6 loop in nested format, were shown to detect corn, soybean, rapeseed and sunflower oils in clarified butter, milk and yogurt. Both barcodes are robustly amplified with extremely conserved primers. While the intron provides the species discrimination ability, the P6 loop provides superior detection sensitivity.


Assuntos
DNA de Plantas/análise , Laticínios/análise , Eletroforese Capilar/métodos , Leite/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Animais , Código de Barras de DNA Taxonômico , DNA de Plantas/genética , DNA de Plantas/metabolismo , Óleos Vegetais/metabolismo , Plastídeos/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Soja/genética , Iogurte/análise , Zea mays/genética
20.
J Oleo Sci ; 69(5): 423-428, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378548

RESUMO

A study was carried out to evaluate oil contents, fatty acid composition and tocopherol contents of several walnut types in relation to roasting process. The major fatty acid identified was linoleic acid in both roasted and unroasted walnut oils. Linoleic acid contents of unroasted walnut oil varied from 46.44 (Type 9) and 63.59% (Type 7), while the linoleic acid contents of roasted walnut oils at 120℃/h ranged from 55.95% (Type 3) to 64.86% (Type 10). Interestingly, linolenic acid contents of both roasted and unroasted oils changed between 9.43 (Type 10) and 16.29% (Type 8) to 9.64 (Type 10) and 16.58% (Type 8), respectively and were significant (p < 0.05) different. γ-tocopherol content of unroasted walnut oils varied between 6.3 (Type 3) and 11.4 mg/100g (Type 1) and γ-tocopherol contents of roasted walnut oils ranged between 28.1 (Type 8) and 38.2 mg/100g (Type 3). The oil could be useful for industrial applications owing to good physicochemical properties. Fatty acid values for oil obtained from roasted walnut were slightly higher than those reported for unroasted walnut oils.


Assuntos
Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos , Temperatura Alta , Juglans/química , Óleos Vegetais/análise , Óleos Vegetais/química , Fenômenos Químicos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ácidos Linoleicos/análise , gama-Tocoferol/análise
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