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1.
Nutrients ; 13(2)2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33672716

RESUMO

Food policy councils (FPCs) are one form of community coalition that aims to address challenges to local food systems and enhance availability, accessibility, and affordability of healthy foods for local residents. We used data from the 2014 National Survey of Community-Based Policy and Environmental Supports for Healthy Eating and Active Living, a nationally representative survey of US municipalities (n = 2029), to examine the prevalence of FPCs and cross-sectional associations between FPCs and four types of supports for healthy food access (approaches to help food stores, practices to support farmers markets, transportation-related supports, and community planning documents). Overall, 7.7% of municipalities reported having a local or regional FPC. FPCs were more commonly reported among larger municipalities with ≥50,000 people (29.2%, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 21.6, 36.8) and western region municipalities (13.2%, 95% CI: 9.6, 16.8). After multivariable adjustment, municipalities with FPCs had significantly higher odds of having all four types of supports, compared to those without FPCs (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) range: 2.4-3.4). Among municipalities with FPCs (n = 156), 41% reported having a local government employee or elected official as a member, and 46% had a designated health or public health representative. Although FPCs were uncommon, municipalities that reported having a local or regional FPC were more likely to report having supports for healthy food access for their residents.


Assuntos
Dieta Saudável/normas , Abastecimento de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Conselhos de Planejamento em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Governo Local , Política Nutricional , Cidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Abastecimento de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Conselhos de Planejamento em Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Razão de Chances , Estados Unidos
2.
J Food Sci ; 86(1): 16-30, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314129

RESUMO

The operating environment for food safety interventions in nations such as Saudi Arabia, with limited local agricultural productivity, high reliance on foreign food imports and observance of Islamic laws, is remarkably challenging for the national control and regulatory institutions, since compliance to the mandatory food safety regulations and the local religious Halal standards must be ensured. This review offers a comprehensive analysis of the recently restructured food safety governance in Saudi Arabia from the perspective of its food imports control. Specifically, the nature of the food imports, the organization of the food safety governance and the current control practices of imported food, in consideration of food safety and Halal requirements, are analyzed through a triangulation of data and information from secondary sources (academic literature review and gray literature search) and primary sources (direct consultation of field experts). Statistical trade data on imported food were also performed. Results revealed that the process of centralizing all the control and regulatory activities under a single agency, which the government started to strengthen the national food safety governance, has not been completed yet. The resulting overlap of legislative and monitoring tasks by multiple entities augments the challenge of ensuring the safety, quality, and authenticity of imported food and their compliance to Halal standards. The vulnerabilities and challenges still to be addressed by the local food industry and the public sector are discussed, with implications for national and international field practitioners and policymakers of countries facing similar challenges.


Assuntos
Inocuidade dos Alimentos/métodos , Abastecimento de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Comércio/legislação & jurisprudência , Governo , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Islamismo , Arábia Saudita
3.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(12): 4945-4956, Dec. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Coleciona SUS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1142715

RESUMO

Resumo A pandemia de Covid-19 revelou a existência de ameaça concreta e imediata à segurança alimentar e nutricional (SAN), em especial de grupos vulnerabilizados. O estudo buscou identificar as estratégias governamentais implementadas no Brasil para prover o Direito Humano à Alimentação Adequada e Saudável em contextos de elevada vulnerabilidade social frente à Covid-19. Foi realizado um estudo transversal, com análise de documentos oficiais publicados entre 20 de março e 30 de julho de 2020 pela União, Distrito Federal, estados e capitais brasileiras, com foco em medidas que assegurem disponibilidade e acesso físico ou financeiro a alimentos. As estratégias implementadas envolvem fundamentalmente distribuição de alimentos e garantia de renda mínima. Foram instituídas: Renda Básica Emergencial (União); Programa de Aquisição de Alimentos (PAA) e auxílio financeiro emergencial (estados); programas de doação emergencial de alimentos (estados e municípios). Medidas existentes foram adaptadas frente à pandemia, como o Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar (PNAE), o Programa de Aquisição de Alimentos (PAA) nacional, a distribuição de alimentos e de cestas básicas. Embora importantes, essas estratégias têm alcance limitado e são insuficientes para assegurar a SAN.


Abstract The Covid-19 pandemic revealed a concrete and immediate threat to food and nutrition security (FNS), especially for vulnerable groups. This study aimed to identify government strategies implemented in Brazil to provide the Human Right to Adequate and Healthy Food in high social vulnerability contexts during the Covid-19 pandemic. A cross-sectional study was carried out, with analysis of official documents published between March 20 and July 30, 2020, by the Federal Government, Federal District, Brazilian states, and capitals, focusing on measures to ensure availability and physical or financial access to food. Strategies implemented mainly involve food distribution and minimum income assurance. The following were implemented: Basic Emergency Income (Federal Government); Food Acquisition Program (PAA), and emergency financial aid (states); emergency food donation programs (states and municipalities). Existing measures were adapted to the pandemic, such as the National School Food Program (PNAE), the National Food Acquisition Program (PAA), and the distribution of food and staple food baskets. While essential, these strategies have limited scope and are insufficient to ensure FNS.


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Abastecimento de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Betacoronavirus , Brasil/epidemiologia , Áreas de Pobreza , Estudos Transversais , Regulamentação Governamental , Emergências , Assistência Alimentar/legislação & jurisprudência , Assistência Alimentar/organização & administração , Financiamento Governamental/legislação & jurisprudência , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Abastecimento de Alimentos/economia , Abastecimento de Alimentos/métodos , Dieta Saudável , Renda , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/organização & administração
6.
J Nutr Educ Behav ; 52(10): 982-987, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32861586

RESUMO

Research conducted before coronavirus disease-2019 illustrated high rates of food insecurity among college students. The pandemic has likely increased student food insecurity because of factors like unemployment and closure of campus resources, and many students cannot access federal food assistance because of long-standing student restrictions. This perspective reviews federal legislation on college food insecurity introduced in the 116th legislative session (2019-2020) immediately before coronavirus disease-2019 in the US, as well as pandemic-related stimulus bills and their implications for future policies and practice. Food insecurity promises to become more pressing as colleges try to reopen and the country grapples with economic recovery.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Assistência Alimentar/legislação & jurisprudência , Abastecimento de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Pandemias/legislação & jurisprudência , Estudantes/legislação & jurisprudência , Infecções por Coronavirus , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos , Universidades
8.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 111(6): 1278-1285, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32412583

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many lower-income communities in the United States lack a full-line grocery store. There is evidence that the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) increases the availability of healthy foods in stores. One national discount variety store chain (DVS) that is often located in low-income neighborhoods became an authorized WIC vendor in 8 pilot stores. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate how implementing WIC in DVS pilot stores affected sales of healthy, WIC-eligible foods. METHODS: We used DVS sales data and difference-in-differences regression to evaluate how WIC authorization affected sales of WIC-eligible foods in 8 DVS pilot stores, compared with 8 matched comparison stores. RESULTS: DVS added 18 new WIC-approved foods to become an authorized vendor. Results indicate that becoming a WIC vendor significantly increased sales of healthy, WIC-eligible foods that DVS carried before authorization. WIC implementation in DVS led to a 31-unit increase in sales of the original WIC foods per week on average (P < 0.01). Lower socioeconomic status, assessed using a summary measure, is associated with increased sales of WIC foods. Yet sales of non-WIC eligible foods (e.g., salty snack foods, candy bars, soda, and processed meats) were not affected by WIC authorization. CONCLUSIONS: Encouraging DVS stores to become WIC-authorized vendors has the potential to modestly increase DVS sales and the availability of healthy foods in low-income neighborhoods. If WIC authorization is financially viable for small-format variety stores, encouraging similar small-format variety stores to become WIC-authorized has the potential to improve food access.


Assuntos
Assistência Alimentar/economia , Abastecimento de Alimentos/economia , Alimentos/economia , Setor Privado/economia , Comércio/legislação & jurisprudência , Feminino , Assistência Alimentar/legislação & jurisprudência , Abastecimento de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Promoção da Saúde/economia , Humanos , Masculino , Pobreza , Autorização Prévia , Setor Privado/legislação & jurisprudência , Estados Unidos
10.
Cad Saude Publica ; 35(11): e00004819, 2019.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691773

RESUMO

The study aimed to verify the adequacy of funds for food purchases from family farming in the scope of the National School Food Program (PNAE) in Brazil's state capitals and the Federal District. This was a descriptive study based on secondary data obtained from the webpage of the National Fund for the Development of Education (FNDE) in the link dedicated to information on family farming. We analyzed the amounts transferred to the FNDE and the percentage used in purchasing foods from family farmers for school meals in the state capitals and Federal District from 2011 to 2017. Data were collected in May 2019. One-third of the 27 cities (33.3%) reported purchases above the minimum recommended level (30%). The North of Brazil complied with the recommended level (39.4%), while the Southeast reported the lowest level (6.4%). There was an increase from 2011 to 2017 in the total amounts invested and in the number of cities that purchased foods from family farming. Boa Vista (Roraima) was the capital that spent the largest share of its school meal funds on foods produced by family farmers (56.6%). In 2017, the local governments in Boa Vista and Aracaju (Sergipe) offered matching funds for the funds transferred from the FNDE for these food purchases. In conclusion, from 2011 to 2017, only one-third of the capital cities adequately used the percentage of funds for purchasing foods from family farming, although there was a gradual increase in the purchase of these foods, especially in the state capitals from North and Northeast Brazil.


Assuntos
Agricultura/economia , Serviços de Alimentação/economia , Abastecimento de Alimentos/economia , Instituições Acadêmicas/economia , Agricultura/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil , Comportamento do Consumidor/economia , Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Fazendeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Alimentação/legislação & jurisprudência , Serviços de Alimentação/estatística & dados numéricos , Abastecimento de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Abastecimento de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Refeições , Características de Residência , Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(10): 3805-3814, 2019.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577011

RESUMO

The scope of this study was to determine the food on offer in state public school canteens of Curitiba, Paraná, and to investigate the association between the permitted/prohibited food supplied under the Canteen Law, with school and canteen variables. A cross-sectional study was conducted with interviews with canteen administrators in 27 state schools. The Mann Whitney test was used to investigate associations. There was a higher frequency of administration of the canteens under the self-management regime (n = 25, 92.6%); appropriate location in the school for serving meals (n = 20, 74.1%); length of time in administration of over 10 years (n = 13, 48.2%) and administrators who reported knowing the Canteen Law (n = 22, 81.5%). More than 2/3 of canteens sold prohibited food, such as sweetened beverages (n = 22, 81.5%) and candies, industrialized popcorn and salty snacks (n = 13, 48.2%). Only one school provided fried snacks (n = 1, 3.7%). The offer of technical education alone was associated with greater availability of food allowed by the legislation (p = 0.033). The school canteens evaluated can be described as places of commercialization of food not permitted by the Healthy Canteen Law. It is important to highlight the regulation and inspection of food sales in canteens for the promotion of health in schools.


Assuntos
Serviços de Alimentação/estatística & dados numéricos , Abastecimento de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Legislação sobre Alimentos , Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Serviços de Alimentação/legislação & jurisprudência , Abastecimento de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos
12.
Am J Public Health ; 109(12): 1659-1663, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622138

RESUMO

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides funding to low-income households to purchase food at participating stores. The goals of the program include reducing hunger, improving nutrition, and strengthening the US food system. These are interrelated, as food access and choice depend on availability.SNAP generates data that could be useful for program evaluation and evidence-based policymaking to reach public health goals. However, the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) does not collect or disclose all SNAP-related data. In particular, the USDA does not systematically collect food expenditure data, and although it does collect transaction (sales) and redemption data (the amount retailers are reimbursed through SNAP), it does not release these data at the store level.In 2018, Congress quietly changed the law to prohibit the USDA from disclosing store-level transaction and redemption data, and in 2019, the US Supreme Court blocked disclosure of these data. These federal proceedings can inform the outcome of additional efforts to disclose SNAP-related data, as well as future research and policy evaluation to support improved public health outcomes for SNAP beneficiaries.


Assuntos
Revelação/normas , Assistência Alimentar/organização & administração , Assistência Alimentar/estatística & dados numéricos , Abastecimento de Alimentos/métodos , Abastecimento de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Revelação/legislação & jurisprudência , Assistência Alimentar/legislação & jurisprudência , Assistência Alimentar/normas , Abastecimento de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Fraude/economia , Fraude/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estados Unidos , United States Department of Agriculture/organização & administração
13.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(10): 3805-3814, Oct. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039469

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivou-se caracterizar a oferta de alimentos nas cantinas de escolas públicas estaduais de Curitiba, Paraná, e investigar associação da oferta de alimentos permitidos/não permitidos pela Lei das Cantinas, com variáveis da escola e da cantina. Foi realizado estudo transversal com entrevista aos administradores de cantinas em 27 escolas estaduais e foi utilizado o teste de Mann Whitney para investigar associações. Verificou-se maior frequência de administração das cantinas por autogestão (n = 25; 92,6%); local adequado na escola para realização das refeições (n = 20; 74,1%); tempo na administração do local superior a 10 anos (n = 13; 48,2%) e de administradores que referiram conhecer a Lei (n = 22; 81,5%). Mais de 2/3 das cantinas comercializava alimentos não permitidos, tais como bebidas açucaradas (n = 22; 81,5%) e doces, pipocas e salgadinhos industrializados (n = 13; 48,2%). Apenas uma (3,7%) ofertava salgados fritos. Somente a oferta de ensino técnico associou-se à maior disponibilidade de alimentos permitidos pela legislação (p = 0,033). As cantinas avaliadas podem ser caracterizadas como locais de oferta de alimentos não permitidos pela Lei da Cantina Saudável. Destaca-se a importância da regulação e da fiscalização da comercialização de alimentos nas cantinas para promoção de saúde nas escolas.


Abstract The scope of this study was to determine the food on offer in state public school canteens of Curitiba, Paraná, and to investigate the association between the permitted/prohibited food supplied under the Canteen Law, with school and canteen variables. A cross-sectional study was conducted with interviews with canteen administrators in 27 state schools. The Mann Whitney test was used to investigate associations. There was a higher frequency of administration of the canteens under the self-management regime (n = 25, 92.6%); appropriate location in the school for serving meals (n = 20, 74.1%); length of time in administration of over 10 years (n = 13, 48.2%) and administrators who reported knowing the Canteen Law (n = 22, 81.5%). More than 2/3 of canteens sold prohibited food, such as sweetened beverages (n = 22, 81.5%) and candies, industrialized popcorn and salty snacks (n = 13, 48.2%). Only one school provided fried snacks (n = 1, 3.7%). The offer of technical education alone was associated with greater availability of food allowed by the legislation (p = 0.033). The school canteens evaluated can be described as places of commercialization of food not permitted by the Healthy Canteen Law. It is important to highlight the regulation and inspection of food sales in canteens for the promotion of health in schools.


Assuntos
Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Alimentação/estatística & dados numéricos , Abastecimento de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Legislação sobre Alimentos , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Serviços de Alimentação/legislação & jurisprudência , Abastecimento de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Promoção da Saúde
15.
Nutrients ; 11(9)2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31527411

RESUMO

During the past decade, the concept of sustainability has been added to the factors involved in food security. This has led to a more comprehensive and holistic approach to sustainable food systems which considers drivers-environment, geopolitics, demographics, policy regulations, socio-cultural-economic factors, science and technology and infrastructure. The outcomes, similarly, involve many dimensions-environment, food security and nutrition, health and socio-cultural-economic aspects. This article discusses the Mediterranean diet in the context of sustainable food systems and shows (as in all parts of the world) that there is food insecurity in every country as monitored by the Global Nutrition Index. Three recent, major reports published in 2019 suggest what measures need to be taken to improve sustainable food systems. All environmental analyses agree on the need to promote more plant-based diets-achieved practically by using "more forks than knives". The Mediterranean Diet pattern is a case study for a sustainable diet. It has the best scientific evidence for being healthy, together with economic and socio-cultural benefits. A major challenge is that it is not consumed by the majority of the population in the Mediterranean region, and any solution must involve equity-the socially just allocation of resources. The task now is implementation with multi-stakeholder involvement, in the knowledge that "a well fed nation is a healthy nation is a sustainable and productive nation".


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Dieta Mediterrânea , Comportamento Alimentar , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Desnutrição/prevenção & controle , Política Nutricional , Valor Nutritivo , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/legislação & jurisprudência , Abastecimento de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Desnutrição/fisiopatologia , Política Nutricional/legislação & jurisprudência , Estado Nutricional , Formulação de Políticas
16.
J Food Sci ; 84(10): 2705-2718, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31546281

RESUMO

The food industry is advancing at a rapid pace and consumer sensitivity to food safety scares and food fraud scandals is further amplified by rapid communication such as by social media. Academia, regulators, and industry practitioners alike struggle with an evolving issue regarding new terms and definitions including food fraud, food authenticity, food integrity, food protection, economically motivated adulteration, food crime, food security, contaminant, adulterant, and others. This research addressed some of the global need for clarification and harmonization of commonly used terminology. The 150 survey responses were received from various food-related workgroups or committee members, communication with recognized experts, and announcements to the food industry in general. Overall food fraud was identified as a "food safety" issue (86%). The food quality and manufacturing respondents focused mainly on incoming goods and adulterant-substances (<50%) rather than the other illegal activities such as counterfeiting, theft, gray market/diversion, and smuggling. Of the terms included to represent "intentional deception for economic gain" the respondents generally agreed with food fraud as the preferred term. Overall, the preference was 50% "food fraud," 15% "economically motivated adulteration" EMA, 9% "food protection," 7% "food integrity," 5% "food authenticity," and 2% "food crime." It appears that "food protection" and "food integrity" are terms that cover broader concepts such as all types of intentional acts and even possibly food safety or food quality. "Food authenticity" was defined with the phrase "to ensure" so seemed to be identified as an "attribute" that helped define fraudulent acts. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Food Fraud-illegal deception for economic gain using food-is a rapidly evolving research topic and is facing confusion due to the use of different terms and definitions. This research survey presented common definitions and publication details to gain insight that could help provide clarity. The insight from this report provides guidance for others who are harmonizing terminology and setting the overall strategic direction.


Assuntos
Contaminação de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Fraude/legislação & jurisprudência , Terminologia como Assunto , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Contaminação de Alimentos/economia , Inocuidade dos Alimentos , Abastecimento de Alimentos/economia , Abastecimento de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Fraude/economia , Humanos
18.
Public Health Nutr ; 22(13): 2521-2529, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31112117

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: National public health organizations recommend that local governments improve access to healthy foods. One way is by offering incentives for food retailer development and operation, but little is known about incentive use nationwide. We aimed to describe the national prevalence of local government reported incentives to increase access to healthy food options in three major food retail settings (farmers' markets, supermarkets, and convenience or corner (smaller) stores) overall and by municipality characteristics. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using data from the 2014 National Survey of Community-Based Policy and Environmental Supports for Healthy Eating and Active Living. SETTING: USA, nationally representative survey of 2029 municipalities. PARTICIPANTS: Municipal officials (e.g. city/town managers or planners; n 1853). RESULTS: Overall, 67 % of municipalities reported incentives to support farmers' markets, 34 % reported incentives to encourage opening new supermarkets, and 14 % reported incentives to help existing convenience or corner stores. Municipality characteristics significantly associated with incentive use were larger population size (all settings), location in Midwest v. West (supermarkets, smaller stores), higher poverty level (farmers' markets) and ≤50 % of the population non-Hispanic White (supermarkets, smaller stores). The most commonly reported individual incentives were permission of sales on city property for farmers' markets, tax credits for supermarkets and linkage to revitalization projects for smaller stores. CONCLUSIONS: Most municipalities offered food retail incentives for farmers' markets, but fewer used incentives to open new supermarkets or assist existing smaller stores. National data can set benchmarks, provide relative comparisons for communities and identify areas for improvement.


Assuntos
Dieta Saudável , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Governo Local , Política Nutricional , Estudos Transversais , Fazendeiros , Abastecimento de Alimentos/economia , Abastecimento de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Marketing , Motivação , Política Nutricional/economia , Política Nutricional/legislação & jurisprudência , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
19.
Circulation ; 139(23): e1025-e1032, 2019 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31030543

RESUMO

Current dietary intakes of North Americans are inconsistent with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. This occurs in the context of a food system that precludes healthy foods as the default choices. To develop a food system that is both healthy and sustainable requires innovation. This science advisory from the American Heart Association describes both innovative approaches to developing a healthy and sustainable food system and the current evidence base for the associations between these approaches and positive changes in dietary behaviors, dietary intakes, and when available, health outcomes. Innovation can occur through policy, private sector, public health, medical, community, or individual-level approaches and could ignite and further public-private partnerships. New product innovations, reformulations, taxes, incentives, product placement/choice architecture, innovative marketing practices, menu and product labeling, worksite wellness initiatives, community campaigns, nutrition prescriptions, mobile health technologies, and gaming offer potential benefits. Some innovations have been observed to increase the purchasing of healthy foods or have increased diversity in food choices, but there remains limited evidence linking these innovations with health outcomes. The demonstration of evidence-based improvements in health outcomes is challenging for any preventive interventions, especially those related to diet, because of competing lifestyle and environmental risk factors that are difficult to quantify. A key next step in creating a healthier and more sustainable food system is to build innovative system-level approaches that improve individual behaviors, strengthen industry and community efforts, and align policies with evidence-based recommendations. To enable healthier food choices and favorably impact cardiovascular health, immediate action is needed to promote favorable innovation at all levels of the food system.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Dieta Saudável/normas , Abastecimento de Alimentos/normas , Doenças não Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Estado Nutricional , Prevenção Primária/normas , Recomendações Nutricionais , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , American Heart Association , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/legislação & jurisprudência , Difusão de Inovações , Ingestão de Energia , Comportamento Alimentar , Abastecimento de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Doenças não Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Valor Nutritivo , Formulação de Políticas , Prevenção Primária/legislação & jurisprudência , Parcerias Público-Privadas , Recomendações Nutricionais/legislação & jurisprudência , Fatores de Risco , Participação dos Interessados , Estados Unidos
20.
J Nutr Educ Behav ; 51(4): 505-509, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30819655

RESUMO

Until recently, lawfully present noncitizens participating in the US Department of Agriculture Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (formerly Food Stamps) faced no immigration consequences. However, in September, 2018, the Trump Administration proposed a more expansive public charge rule in the Federal Register that would deny lawfully present noncitizens a path to citizenship if they had participated in certain federal safety net programs, including Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. This perspective discusses the proposed rule's implications, particularly for those with professional interests in promoting effective nutrition education and healthy behavior through research, policy, and practice among individuals who will potentially be affected.


Assuntos
Assistência Alimentar/legislação & jurisprudência , Abastecimento de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Fome , Imigrantes Indocumentados/legislação & jurisprudência , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Estados Unidos
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