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1.
Orv Hetil ; 161(9): 347-353, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32088976

RESUMO

Introduction: Giant abdominal wall defects represent a major challenge for surgeons. CT scan can determine the ratio between the volume of the hernia sac and the abdominal cavity, determining the extent of the disproportion, which is related to the postoperative abdominal pressure value. Aim: Confirmation of the significance of CT examination in postoperative giant abdominal wall defects, effectiveness analysis of the reconstruction method by abdominal pressure measurement. Method: A prospective study is conducted on patients with giant incisional hernias, with preoperatively performed abdominal CT scan. Tension-free abdominal wall reconstruction is realized with retromuscular Prolene mesh and hernial sac. Abdominal pressure is measured during and after surgery. Patients' follow-up is performed through phone after 2-4-6 months. Results: We present our results through three cases. First case: 48-year-old woman presented a giant recurrent incisional hernia and multiple comorbidities. Maximum defect diameter was: 155 mm, hernia volume: 1536.63 cm3, BMI = 43.6. The patient was discharged after seven days. Second case: 51-year-old male patient presented with multilocular giant incisional hernia, BMI = 26,85. Maximum diameter of the two wall defects were 123 mm and 105 mm, their total volume: 406.41cm3. The patient was discharged after five days. Third case: A 67-year-old male patient presented with giant incisional hernia. The abdominal defect size was 100/100 mm (LL/CC), volume: 258.10 cm3, BMI = 23.7. The patient was discharged after four days. Conclusion: The proper surgical technique can be established based on the preoperative CT scan. Abdominal wall reconstruction with retromuscular Prolene mesh and hernial sac provides a cheap, reliable, tension-free technique. The technique's short-term efficacy can be determined by abdominal pressure measuring through the bladder. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(9): 347-353.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Hérnia Incisional/terapia , Abdome/fisiologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Hérnia Incisional/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pressão , Estudos Prospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
2.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 22(1): 43-47, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927805

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Temporary abdominal closure (TAC) surgical technique relates to a procedure in which the post-surgical abdominal wall remains open in certain indications. The Bogota bag (BB) technique is a tension-free TAC method that covers the abdominal contents with a sterilized fluid bag. There are very few reports of pediatric patients treated with this technique. OBJECTIVES: To describe our institution's 15 years of experience using the BB technique on pediatric patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study describing our experience treating patients with BB was conducted. The medical files of 17 pediatric patients aged 0-18 years were reviewed. RESULTS: Between January 2000 and December 2014, 17 patients were treated with BB at our medical center (6 females, median age 12 years). Indications for BB were a need for a surgical site re-exploration, mechanical inability for primary abdominal closure, and high risk for ACS development. Median BB duration was 5 days and median bag replacement was 2 days. Median ICU length of stay (LOS) was 10 days and hospital LOS was 27 days. The ICU admission and BB procedure was tolerated well by 6 patients who were discharged home without complications. Of the remaining 11 patients, 6 patients died during the admission (35%) and the others presented with major complications not related to the BB but to the patient's primary disease. CONCLUSIONS: This report represents the largest series of children treated with BB. The technique is simple to perform, inexpensive, and has very few complications.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos Abdominais , Abdome/cirurgia , Parede Abdominal/cirurgia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
JAMA ; 323(3): 225-236, 2020 01 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961418

RESUMO

Importance: It is not known if use of colloid solutions containing hydroxyethyl starch (HES) to correct for intravascular deficits in high-risk surgical patients is either effective or safe. Objective: To evaluate the effect of HES 130/0.4 compared with 0.9% saline for intravascular volume expansion on mortality and postoperative complications after major abdominal surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter, double-blind, parallel-group, randomized clinical trial of 775 adult patients at increased risk of postoperative kidney injury undergoing major abdominal surgery at 20 university hospitals in France from February 2016 to July 2018; final follow-up was in October 2018. Interventions: Patients were randomized to receive fluid containing either 6% HES 130/0.4 diluted in 0.9% saline (n = 389) or 0.9% saline alone (n = 386) in 250-mL boluses using an individualized hemodynamic algorithm during surgery and for up to 24 hours on the first postoperative day, defined as ending at 7:59 am the following day. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was a composite of death or major postoperative complications at 14 days after surgery. Secondary outcomes included predefined postoperative complications within 14 days after surgery, durations of intensive care unit and hospital stays, and all-cause mortality at postoperative days 28 and 90. Results: Among 826 patients enrolled (mean age, 68 [SD, 7] years; 91 women [12%]), 775 (94%) completed the trial. The primary outcome occurred in 139 of 389 patients (36%) in the HES group and 125 of 386 patients (32%) in the saline group (difference, 3.3% [95% CI, -3.3% to 10.0%]; relative risk, 1.10 [95% CI, 0.91-1.34]; P = .33). Among 12 prespecified secondary outcomes reported, 11 showed no significant difference, but a statistically significant difference was found in median volume of study fluid administered on day 1: 1250 mL (interquartile range, 750-2000 mL) in the HES group and 1500 mL (interquartile range, 750-2150 mL) in the saline group (median difference, 250 mL [95% CI, 83-417 mL]; P = .006). At 28 days after surgery, 4.1% and 2.3% of patients had died in the HES and saline groups, respectively (difference, 1.8% [95% CI, -0.7% to 4.3%]; relative risk, 1.76 [95% CI, 0.79-3.94]; P = .17). Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients at risk of postoperative kidney injury undergoing major abdominal surgery, use of HES for volume replacement therapy compared with 0.9% saline resulted in no significant difference in a composite outcome of death or major postoperative complications within 14 days after surgery. These findings do not support the use of HES for volume replacement therapy in such patients. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02502773.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Hidratação/métodos , Derivados de Hidroxietil Amido/uso terapêutico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Solução Salina/uso terapêutico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Lesão Renal Aguda/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
4.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (1): 53-60, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994500

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess position of mesh endoprosthesis in retroperitoneal space after TARR hernioplasty using ultrasound in early and long-term postoperative period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 30 patients with inguinal hernias after TARR procedure. Standard technology of laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal hernioplasty was used in all patients. In all cases, a large-pore monofilament polypropylene mesh 10x15 cm was used. Control examination and ultrasound of the mesh implant were performed the next day, in 1, 3, 6, 12 months after surgery. Correct position of the implant was determined by its placement at the level of pubic bone with complete overlap of posterior wall of the inguinal canal and inner ring. RESULTS: US-image of the implant is present in two geometric forms - linear and sinusoid. The shape of prosthesis varies depending on postoperative period and the use of fixing elements. Thus, sinusoidal shape of prosthesis was observed in patients without fixation of prosthesis the next day and in 1 month after TARR. Geometry of the implant acquired the form of a straight line after 3 months and became almost a straight line in 12 months after surgery. Linear shape of prosthesis in early postoperative period was found after intraoperative fixation of endoprosthesis. Sinusoidal shape is noted after 3 months. Ultrasonic pattern of endoprosthesis looked as a thin hyperechoic band with thickness of 1.2-3.9 mm. Mean thickness of prosthesis was 2.2±0.1 mm the next day after surgery, 2.8±0.2 mm after 1 month and 1.6±0.05 mm after 12 months. CONCLUSION: Geometry of synthetic implants after TARR hernioplasty undergoes significant changes and depends on duration of postoperative period and fixation of the prosthesis.


Assuntos
Abdome/diagnóstico por imagem , Hérnia Inguinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Herniorrafia/métodos , Abdome/cirurgia , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Telas Cirúrgicas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia
5.
Lancet ; 395(10217): 33-41, 2020 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31908284

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adhesions are the most common driver of long-term morbidity after abdominal surgery. Although laparoscopy can reduce adhesion formation, the effect of minimally invasive surgery on long-term adhesion-related morbidity remains unknown. We aimed to assess the impact of laparoscopy on adhesion-related readmissions in a population-based cohort. METHODS: We did a retrospective cohort study of patients of any age who had abdominal or pelvic surgery done using laparoscopic or open approaches between June 1, 2009, and June 30, 2011, using validated population data from the Scottish National Health Service. All patients who had surgery were followed up until Dec 31, 2017. The primary outcome measure was the incidence of hospital readmissions directly related to adhesions in the laparoscopic and open surgery cohorts at 5 years. Readmissions were categorised as directly related to adhesions, possibly related to adhesions, and readmissions for an operation that was potentially complicated by adhesions. We did subgroup analyses of readmissions by anatomical site of surgery and used Kaplan-Meier analyses to assess differences in survival across subgroups. We used multivariable Cox-regression analysis to determine whether surgical approach was an independent and significant risk factor for adhesion-related readmissions. FINDINGS: Between June 1, 2009, and June 30, 2011, 72 270 patients had an index abdominal or pelvic surgery, of whom 21 519 (29·8%) had laparoscopic index surgery and 50 751 (70·2%) had open surgery. Of the 72 270 patients who had surgery, 2527 patients (3·5%) were readmitted within 5 years of surgery for disorders directly related to adhesions, 12 687 (17·6%) for disorders possibly related to adhesions, and 9436 (13·1%) for operations potentially complicated by adhesions. Of the 21 519 patients who had laparoscopic surgery, 359 (1·7% [95% CI 1·5-1·9]) were readmitted for disorders directly related to adhesions compared with 2168 (4·3% [4·1-4·5]) of 50 751 patients in the open surgery cohort (p<0·0001). 3443 (16·0% [15·6-16·4]) of 21 519 patients in the laparoscopic surgery cohort were readmitted for disorders possibly related to adhesions compared with 9244 (18·2% [17·8-18·6]) of 50 751 patients in the open surgery cohort (p<0·005). In multivariate analyses, laparoscopy reduced the risk of directly related readmissions by 32% (hazard ratio [HR] 0·68, 95% CI 0·60-0·77), and of possibly related readmissions by 11% (HR 0·89, 0·85-0·94) compared with open surgery. Procedure type, malignancy, sex, and age were also independently associated with risk of adhesion-related readmissions. INTERPRETATION: Laparoscopic surgery reduces the incidence of adhesion-related readmissions. However, the overall burden of readmissions associated with adhesions remains high. With further increases in the use of laparoscopic surgery expected in the future, the effect at the population level might become larger. Further steps remain necessary to reduce the incidence of adhesion-related postsurgical complications. FUNDING: Dutch Adhesion Group and Nordic Pharma.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Aderências Teciduais/etiologia , Abdome/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pelve/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Reoperação/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Aderências Teciduais/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Anaesthesia ; 75 Suppl 1: e83-e89, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903571

RESUMO

Standardised peri-operative care pathways for patients undergoing emergency laparotomy or laparoscopy for non-traumatic pathologies have been shown to be inadequate and associated with high morbidity and mortality. Recent research has highlighted this problem and showed that simple pathways with 'rescue' interventions have been associated with reduced mortality when implemented successfully. These rescue pathways have focused on early diagnosis and surgery, specialist surgeon and anaesthetist involvement, goal-directed therapy and intensive or intermediary postoperative care for high-risk patients. In elective surgery, enhanced recovery has resulted in reduced length of stay and morbidity by the application of procedure-specific, evidence-based interventions inside rigorously implemented patient pathways based on multidisciplinary co-operation. The focus has been on attenuation of peri-operative stress and pain management to facilitate early recovery. Patients undergoing emergency laparotomy are a heterogeneous group consisting mostly of patients with intestinal perforations and/or obstruction with varying levels of comorbidity and frailty. However, present knowledge of the different pathophysiology and peri-operative trajectory of complications in these patient groups is limited. In order to move beyond rescue pathways and to establish enhanced recovery for emergency laparotomy, it is essential that research on both the peri-operative pathophysiology of the different main patient groups - intestinal obstruction and perforation - and the potentially differentiated impact of interventions is carried out. Procedure- and pathology-specific knowledge is lacking on key elements of peri-operative care, such as: multimodal analgesia; haemodynamic optimisation and fluid management; attenuation of surgical stress; nutritional optimisation; facilitation of mobilisation; and the optimal use and organisation of specialised wards and improved interdisciplinary collaboration. As such, the future challenges in improving peri-operative patient care in emergency laparotomy are moving from simple rescue pathways to establish research that can form a basis for morbidity- and procedure-specific enhanced recovery protocols as seen in elective surgery.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Emergências , Hidratação , Humanos , Modalidades de Fisioterapia
8.
Anaesthesia ; 75 Suppl 1: e75-e82, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903572

RESUMO

Patients undergoing emergency laparotomy are a heterogeneous group with regard to comorbidity, pre-operative physiological state and surgical pathology. There are many factors to consider in the peri-operative period for these patients. Surgical duration should be as short as possible for adequate completion of the procedure. This is of particular importance in the elderly and comorbid population. To date, there are limited data addressing the role of damage control surgery in emergency general surgery. Dual consultant-led care in all stages of emergency laparotomy care is increasing, with increased presence out of hours and also for high-risk patients. The role of the stoma care team should be actively encouraged in all patients who may require a stoma. Due to the emergent and unpredictable nature of surgical emergencies, healthcare teams may need to employ novel strategies to ensure early input from the stoma care team. It is important for all members of the medical teams to ensure that patients have given consent for both anaesthesia and surgery before emergency laparotomy. Small studies suggest that patients and their families are not aware of the high risk of morbidity and mortality following emergency laparotomy before operative intervention. Elderly patients should have early involvement from geriatric specialists and careful attention paid to assessment of frailty due to its association with mortality and morbidity. Additionally, the use of enhanced recovery programmes in emergency general surgery has been shown to have some impact in reducing length of stay in emergency surgical patients. However, the emergent nature of this surgery has been shown to be a detrimental factor in full implementation of enhanced recovery programmes. The use of a national database to collect data on patients undergoing emergency laparotomy and their processes of care has led to reduced mortality and length of stay in the UK. However, internationally, fewer data are available to draw conclusions.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Assistência Perioperatória/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Emergências , Humanos
9.
Br J Anaesth ; 124(1): 110-120, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to examine whether using a high fraction of inspired oxygen (FIO2) in the context of an individualised intra- and postoperative open-lung ventilation approach could decrease surgical site infection (SSI) in patients scheduled for abdominal surgery. METHODS: We performed a multicentre, randomised controlled clinical trial in a network of 21 university hospitals from June 6, 2017 to July 19, 2018. Patients undergoing abdominal surgery were randomly assigned to receive a high (0.80) or conventional (0.3) FIO2 during the intraoperative period and during the first 3 postoperative hours. All patients were mechanically ventilated with an open-lung strategy, which included recruitment manoeuvres and individualised positive end-expiratory pressure for the best respiratory-system compliance, and individualised continuous postoperative airway pressure for adequate peripheral oxyhaemoglobin saturation. The primary outcome was the prevalence of SSI within the first 7 postoperative days. The secondary outcomes were composites of systemic complications, length of intensive care and hospital stay, and 6-month mortality. RESULTS: We enrolled 740 subjects: 371 in the high FIO2 group and 369 in the low FIO2 group. Data from 717 subjects were available for final analysis. The rate of SSI during the first postoperative week did not differ between high (8.9%) and low (9.4%) FIO2 groups (relative risk [RR]: 0.94; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.59-1.50; P=0.90]). Secondary outcomes, such as atelectasis (7.7% vs 9.8%; RR: 0.77; 95% CI: 0.48-1.25; P=0.38) and myocardial ischaemia (0.6% [n=2] vs 0% [n=0]; P=0.47) did not differ between groups. CONCLUSIONS: An oxygenation strategy using high FIO2 compared with conventional FIO2 did not reduce postoperative SSIs in abdominal surgery. No differences in secondary outcomes or adverse events were found. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02776046.


Assuntos
Oxigênio/uso terapêutico , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Abdome/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxigênio/sangue , Oxiemoglobinas/análise , Oxiemoglobinas/metabolismo , Assistência Perioperatória , Respiração com Pressão Positiva , Medicina de Precisão , Atelectasia Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Atelectasia Pulmonar/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Anaesthesia ; 75(2): 210-217, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31617584

RESUMO

Pre-operative anaemia is typically diagnosed with a haemoglobin concentration < 120 g.l-1 for women and < 130 g.l-1 for men on the basis of limited evidence. This retrospective cohort study stratified women undergoing elective, major abdominal surgery based on pre-operative haemoglobin concentration: anaemic (< 120 g.l-1 ); borderline anaemic (120-129 g.l-1 ); and non-anaemic (> 130 g.l-1 ). Data from 1554 women were analysed. Women with borderline anaemia had a greater incidence of postoperative complications (55 (16%) vs. 110 (11%); p = 0.026), longer duration of hospital stay (median (IQR [range]) 3 (1-6 [0-69]) days vs. 2 (1-5 [0-80]) days; p = 0.017) and fewer days alive and out of hospital at postoperative day 30 (median (IQR [range]) 27 (23-29 [0-30]) vs. 28 (25-29 [0-30]) days; p = 0.017) compared with non-anaemic women. However, after matched cohort analysis, these outcome differences no longer remained statistically significant. After multivariable adjustment for procedure, Charlson comorbidity index and patient age, a negative relationship between logarithmic pre-operative haemoglobin concentration and duration of stay was found (parameter estimate (standard error) -0.006 (0.003) vs. 0.003 (0.003) for a haemoglobin concentration < 130 g.l-1 vs. > 130 g.l-1 , respectively; p = 0.03); the difference in duration of stay was approximately 50% greater for women with a haemoglobin concentration of 120 g.l-1 compared with those with a haemoglobin concentration of 130 g.l-1 . Although the contribution of borderline anaemia to the incidence of postoperative complications is uncertain, the current diagnostic criteria should be re-assessed.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Anemia/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 252-256, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1047924

RESUMO

Objetivo: avaliar a influência das orientações em saúde nas complicações no pós-operatório de cirurgias torácicas e abdominais altas. Método: estudo quantitativo transversal realizado com 266 indivíduos. Os dados foram coletados por um questionário sociodemográfico, clínico e assistencial. Foram incluídos sujeitos de ambos os sexos, com faixa etária de 18 a 80 anos, que estivessem na enfermaria em pós-operatório de cirurgias torácicas e ou abdominais altas. Resultados: 82 (30%) dos indivíduos receberam orientações no período de pós-operatório e 184 (70%) não receberam nenhum tipo de orientação. Quatro dos sujeitos que receberam orientações desenvolveram algum tipo de complicação e 16 dos que não receberam tiveram complicações; não apresentando resultados estatisticamente significativos quanto aos pesquisados que tiveram orientação e os que não tiveram orientações (p=0,4). Conclusão: em relação ao número de complicações, ao comparar os indivíduos que receberam orientações com os que não receberam não houve resultado estatisticamente significativo


Objective: to evaluate correlation between health guidelines and complications in the postoperative period after thoracic and upper abdominal surgeries. Method: a cross-sectional quantitative study with 266 individuals. Data were collected by a sociodemographic, clinical and care questionnaire. We included subjects of both sexes, with ages ranging from 18 to 80 years, who were in the postoperative ward after thoracic and/ or upper abdominal surgeries. Results: 82 (30%) of the subjects received guidance in the postoperative period and 184 (70%) received no guidance. Four of the subjects who received guidelines developed some type of complication while 16 of those who did not receive guidance developed complications; therefore, the results were not statistically significant (p=0,4). Conclusion: in relation to the number of complications, when comparing individuals who received guidelines with those who did not receive, there was no statistically significant result


Objetivo: evaluar la influencia de las orientaciones en salud en las complicaciones en el postoperatorio de cirugías torácicas y abdominales altas. Metodo: estudio cuantitativo transversal realizado con 266 individuos. Los datos fueron recolectados por un cuestionario sociodemográfico, clínico y asistencial. Se incluyeron sujetos de ambos sexos, con rango de edad de 18 a 80 años, que estuvieran en la enfermería en postoperatorio de cirugías torácicas y / o abdominales alta. Resultados: 82 (30%) de los individuos recibieron orientaciones en el período de postoperatorio y 184 (70%) no recibieron ningún tipo de orientación. Cuatro de los sujetos que recibieron orientaciones, desarrollaron algún tipo de complicación y 16 de los que no recibieron tuvieron complicaciones; no presentando resultados estadísticamente significativos en cuanto a los encuestados que tuvieron orientación y los que no tuvieron orientaciones (p=0,4). Conclusión: en relación al número de complicaciones, al comparar a los individuos que recibieron orientaciones con los que no recibieron no hubo resultado estadísticamente significativo


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Masculino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/educação , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Torácica/estatística & dados numéricos , Abdome/cirurgia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/enfermagem , Enfermagem Perioperatória , Estudos Transversais
12.
Radiol Clin North Am ; 58(1): 73-91, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731904

RESUMO

We present a case-based review of abdominal postoperative complications, organized by organ system affected, including wound/superficial, hepatobiliary, pancreatic, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, and vascular complications. Both general complications and specific considerations for certain types of operations are described, as well as potential pitfalls that can be confused with complications. Representative cases are shown using all relevant imaging modalities, including CT, fluoroscopy, ultrasound, MRI, and nuclear medicine. Management options are also described, highlighting those that require radiologist input or intervention.


Assuntos
Abdome/diagnóstico por imagem , Abdome/cirurgia , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Abdome/patologia , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/patologia
13.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 524-530, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047920

RESUMO

A obesidade mórbida se caracteriza por acúmulo de tecido adiposo que se distribui de maneira heterogênea em todo o organismo, tendo a gastroplastia como o mais recente método de tratamento cirúrgico. Após perda considerável de peso, o doente apresenta sobras cutâneas, sob essas sobras acumulam-se secreções que favorecem a instalação de infecções cutâneas que podem ser minimizadas com a execução de dermolipectomias. Os autores descrevem a técnica de lipoabdominoplastia em âncora, adaptando os princípios de descolamento reduzido do retalho, lipoaspiração de abdome e flancos, e preservação da fáscia de Scarpa infraumbilical associado à marcação pré-cirúrgica em "Fleur-de-Lis". A técnica foi realizada em 17 pacientes em pós-operatório tardio de gastroplastia, entre janeiro de 2018 e junho de 2019, com idade entre 35 a 66 anos, sendo 16 pacientes do sexo feminino e 1 do sexo masculino. Todos os pacientes foram operados com exames pré-operatórios dentro da normalidade, condições clínicas satisfatórias e IMC<30. Na presente série de casos, um paciente apresentou epidermólise de coto umbilical; todos os pacientes apresentaram edema e equimoses, e um paciente apresentou seroma no 13º dia de pós-operatório. Hematoma, necrose, infecção, deiscência de ferida operatória ou eventos tromboembólicos não foram observados em nenhum paciente. A técnica demostrou ser segura e eficaz no tratamento de pacientes com excedente cutâneo abdominal, com melhora do contorno corporal, porém há necessidade de maior tempo de acompanhamento pós-operatório e maior número de casos operados para melhor mensurar os resultados, bem como a incidência de complicações.


Morbid obesity is characterized by the accumulation of adipose tissues distributed heterogeneously throughout the body, and gastroplasty is the latest method of surgical treatment. After considerable weight loss, patients present with excess skin under which secretions accumulate, increasing susceptibility for skin infections, which can be minimized with dermolipectomy. Herein, we describe the anchor lipoabdominoplasty technique, adapting the principles of reduced flap detachment, abdominal and flank liposuctions, and preservation of the infraumbilical Scarpa's fascia associated with the preoperative fleurde- lis marking. The technique was used for seventeen patients, including sixteen women and one man, with late postoperative gastroplasty, aged 35­66 years in the period from January 2018 to June 2019. The patients presented with normal preoperative testing, satisfactory clinical conditions, and body mass index scores less than 30 kg/m2. In the present case series, one patient had umbilical cord remnant epidermolysis; all patients had edema and ecchymosis; and one patient had seroma on postoperative day 13. Hematoma, necrosis, infection, wound dehiscence, or thromboembolic events were not observed in any patient. The technique is safe and effective in the treatment of patients with abdominal excess skin, improving their body contour. However, longer postoperative follow-up periods and more cases are necessary to better measure the results and incidence of complications.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , História do Século XXI , Obesidade Mórbida , Gastroplastia , Abdome , Inovação , Abdominoplastia , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Obesidade Mórbida/fisiopatologia , Gastroplastia/métodos , Gastroplastia/estatística & dados numéricos , Abdominoplastia/métodos , /métodos , /estatística & dados numéricos , Abdome/cirurgia
14.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 468-476, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047904

RESUMO

Introdução: A lipoaspiração corporal e abdominoplastia são cirurgias muitas vezes realizadas em conjunto para obter melhores resultados na modelagem corporal. Cirurgias associadas sempre aumentam a espoliação, por isto conhecer o comportamento da hemoglobina (Hb) no pós-operatório e a recuperação do paciente submetido a estas cirurgias combinadas é importante para sua segurança. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a queda da Hb e a recuperação clínica e laboratorial dos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia combinada de lipoaspiração corporal e lipoabdominoplastia. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo prospectivo em pacientes submetidos à lipoaspiração corporal e lipoabdominoplastia, coletando-se hemogramas antes da indução anestésica, ao final da cirurgia, antes da alta hospitalar, após a 1ª, 2ª e 4ª semanas de pós-operatórios e também acompanhando suas evoluções clínicas. Resultados: A média da Hb ao final da cirurgia e na alta hospitalar foi de 10,4g/dl (desvio padrão (DP) 0,76) e 8,92g/dl (DP 0,86), respectivamente. A recuperação em média da Hb após 1ª, 2ª e 4ª semanas foi de 2,4% (DP 18,07), 41,6% (DP 18,4) e 74% (DP 15,2), respectivamente, em relação a redução que ocorreu entre a Hb inicial e a da alta hospitalar. Queixas de fraqueza e lipotimia foram frequentes até o segundo dia. Conclusão: A melhora clínica ocorreu até o segundo dia de pós-operatório (DPO) e a hemoglobina levou aproximadamente 1 mês para normalizar na maioria dos pacientes tratados apenas com reposição oral de ferro, sem necessidade de hemotransfusão.


Introduction: Body liposuction and abdominoplasty are surgeries often performed together to obtain superior results in body modeling. Since associated surgeries often increase spoliation, being aware of the evolution of hemoglobin (Hb) in the postoperative period and during the recovery of the patients undergoing these associated surgeries is important for their safety. This study aimed to analyze the decrease in Hb and the clinical and laboratory results throughout the recovery of patients undergoing body liposuction associated with lipoabdominoplasty. Methods: A prospective study was conducted with patients undergoing body liposuction and lipoabdominoplasty. CBCs were collected before anesthetic induction, at the end of the surgery, before hospital discharge, after the 1st, 2nd, and 4th postoperative weeks, and during their clinical follow-up period. Results: The average Hb values at the end of surgery and hospital discharge were 10.4 g/dL (standard deviation (SD) 0.76) and 8.92 g/dL (SD 0.86), respectively. The average values during the recovery of Hb after the 1st, 2nd, and 4th weeks were 2.4% (SD 18.07), 41.6% (SD 18.4), and 74% (SD 15.2), respectively. This is in relation to the reduction between the initial Hb and at hospital discharge. Complaints of weakness and lipothymia were frequent until the second day. Conclusion: Clinical improvement was observed until the second postoperative day (PO day). Hemoglobin required approximately 1 month to normalize in most patients. These patients were treated only with oral iron replacement and did not require blood transfusions.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , História do Século XXI , Pacientes , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Pesquisa , Cirurgia Plástica , Lipectomia , Evolução Clínica , Estudos Prospectivos , Abdome , Contorno Corporal , Anemia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Pesquisa/normas , Cirurgia Plástica/métodos , Lipectomia/efeitos adversos , Lipectomia/métodos , Evolução Clínica/métodos , Contorno Corporal/efeitos adversos , Contorno Corporal/métodos , Abdome/cirurgia , Anemia/complicações
15.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 546-551, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047923

RESUMO

Introdução: A abdominoplastia é um procedimento para a melhoria do contorno corporal e a técnica tem sido aprimorada pela associação da dissecção limitada do retalho cutâneo e pontos de adesão no mesmo ato operatório, evitando-se a formação de seroma pós-abdominoplastia, complicação que incomoda tanto o paciente quanto o cirurgião. Portanto, o objetivo é avaliar se o uso de pontos de adesão está associado a menor incidência de seroma após abdominoplastia quando comparado ao uso de drenos. Métodos: Revisão sistemática da literatura com metanálise, envolvendo as seguintes bases de dados: Science Direct, Scielo, Pubmed, Lilacs, CINAHL e Scopus. Para analisar os dados foi utilizado o programa Stata 12.0 e a estatística I² proposta por Higgins, com intervalo de confiança de 95% para o risco relativo para seroma, segundo o tipo de intervenção (dreno, ponto de adesão, dreno com ponto de adesão). Sendo registrado no PROSPERO sob o número CRD42019120399. Resultados: Cinco estudos preencheram os critérios de inclusão e foram incluídos na metanálise. Ao comparar o uso de dreno de sucção com pontos de adesão, os pontos de adesão mostraram um fator de proteção na prevenção do seroma (RR: 0,13; IC 95%: 0,02-0,66). Conclusão: Os achados sugerem que o uso de pontos de adesão em abdominoplastia em detrimento do uso de drenos pode ser uma técnica eficaz para prevenção da formação de seromas.


Introduction: Abdominoplasty, which aims to improve body contour, has been upgraded by its association with limited dissection of the cutaneous flap and quilting sutures in the same surgery to avoid the formation of postabdominoplasty seroma, a complication that troubles both patient and surgeon. Therefore, this study aimed to assess whether the use of quilting sutures is associated with a lower incidence of seroma after abdominoplasty than the use of drains. Methods: A systematic review of the literature and a meta-analysis were performed of the Science Direct, Scielo, Pubmed, Lilacs, CINAHL, and Scopus databases. The data analysis was performed using the Stata 12.0 program and the I² statistic proposed by Higgins, with a 95% confidence interval for the relative risk for seroma by intervention type (drain, quilting sutures, drain with quilting sutures). The study was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42019120399). Results: Five studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. Quilting sutures showed a protective effect (versus use of drain with quilting sutures) in the prevention of seroma (relative risk, 0.13; 95% confidence interval, 0.02­0.66). Conclusion: These findings suggest that the use of quilting sutures instead of drains in abdominoplasty can effectively prevent seroma formation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , História do Século XXI , Sucção , Cirurgia Plástica , Drenagem , Metanálise como Assunto , Seroma , Abdome , Abdominoplastia , Sucção/métodos , Sucção/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/métodos , Cirurgia Plástica/estatística & dados numéricos , Drenagem/métodos , Drenagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Seroma/cirurgia , Seroma/terapia , Abdominoplastia/métodos , Abdominoplastia/estatística & dados numéricos , Abdome/cirurgia
16.
Med. intensiva (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 43(9): 569-577, dic. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-185903

RESUMO

A pesar de una baja mortalidad en los pacientes sometidos a procedimientos de cirugía mayor abdominal, el número de pacientes con alto riesgo aumenta cada día, convirtiendo a esta en un problema de salud. En la actualidad la cirugía se entiende como un proceso continuo en el que el resultado final depende de numerosas pautas sumadas a técnicas menos invasivas que ofrezcan menor impacto fisiológico sobre pacientes con graves comorbilidades. La prevención, el reconocimiento y el tratamiento precoz de las complicaciones se hacen tan importantes como el preoperatorio o la técnica quirúrgica.?La instauración de los protocolos Enhaced Recovery After Surgery es la piedra angular para el tratamiento de estos pacientes, dado que la mayoría de las sociedades quirúrgicas reconocen que reduce la mortalidad, la duración del ingreso y los costes hospitalarios. El manejo postoperatorio de estos pacientes en las unidades de cuidados intensivos garantiza la efectividad y la eficiencia para contribuir al mantenimiento de la prestación de servicios de salud


Despite low mortality in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery, the number of high-risk patients is increasing and has become a health problem. At present, surgery is understood as a continuous process, in which numerous guidelines added to less invasive techniques offering a lesser physiological impact upon patients with serious comorbidities are responsible for the final outcome. The prevention, identification and early treatment of complications prove as important as the preoperative or surgical technique.?The introduction of ERAS (enhanced recovery after surgery) protocols is the cornerstone for the management of these patients, and is advocated by most surgical societies for reducing mortality, length of hospital stay and hospital costs. The postoperative management of these patients in postsurgery Intensive Care Units guarantees effectiveness and efficiency in maintaining optimum patient care


Assuntos
Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Abdome/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/complicações , Terapia Combinada , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Padrões de Prática Médica , Anastomose Cirúrgica
17.
Acta Clin Croat ; 58(Suppl 1): 96-100, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31741566

RESUMO

Surgical procedure causes tissue damage which activates systemic inflammatory response and leads to changes in endocrine and metabolic system. Anaesthesia and pain can further disrupt immune performance. Regional anaesthesia causes afferent nerve blockade and in this way mediates immune protection. Thoracic epidural analgesia is the cornerstone of pain relief in thoracic and abdominal surgery. Alternatively thoracic paravertebral block can be used with less side effects and good analgesic properties. Drugs that interfere with blood coagulation obstruct the use of central regional blocks. Surgery has also changed recently from open to minimally invasive. Also pain treatment for this procedures has changed to less aggressive, systemic or locoregional techniques. It was shown that transversus abdominis plane block and epidural analgesia have the same effect on postoperative pain, but transversus abdominis plane block was better regarding hemodynamic stability and hospital stay. Multimodal approach combining regional and systemic analgesia is currently the most appropriate perioperative pain management strategy. More studies should be done to give recommendations.


Assuntos
Analgesia Epidural , Anestesia por Condução/métodos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Abdome/cirurgia , Músculos Abdominais , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Torácicos/efeitos adversos
18.
Acta Clin Croat ; 58(Suppl 1): 101-107, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31741567

RESUMO

A significant component of all surgical procedures and postoperative treatment is pain management.Due to the physiological and psychological advantages of pain relief, it is one of the foremost indicators of quality of care. Today, there are various modalities of pain reduction, aimed to reduce patient discomfort andminimize side effects, which can be divided by therapeutic agents used (opioid or non-opioid), route of administration (intravenous, regional, oral, etc.) and modality (controlled by patients or "as needed"). Although opioids have proven to be very effective pain relief agents and are commonly used in postoperative analgesia, concerns about their side effects have spurred the development of modified, multimodal treatments that seek to minimize opioid use and associated drawbacks. Enhanced recovery protocols that emphasize sparing administration of opioids are growing in importance, andresulting in reduced length of hospital stay after abdominal and lower limb surgery. To further improve such protocols and optimize postoperative care for individual patient needs, it is imperative to fully assess the efficacy of available drugs and analgesia modalities.


Assuntos
Analgesia/métodos , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Abdome/cirurgia , Analgesia Epidural , Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Bloqueio Nervoso , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle
19.
Pan Afr Med J ; 34: 35, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762903

RESUMO

Abdominal pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy with very high morbidity and mortality for both the mother and the fetus. Diagnosis and management can pose some difficulties especially in low-resource centers. We report a case of abdominal pregnancy with a healthy newborn. A 34-year-old Moroccan woman, G4P3 (3 alive children), presented with shortness of breath and progressive abdominal distension and pain at 37 weeks' gestation. An emergency laparotomy was performed with the impression of abdominal pregnancy. Intraoperatively, the fetus was seen in an intact amniotic sac in her abdomen, the placenta was strongly adhered to the fundus and enveloped the left adnexa. A total hysterectomy with a left adnexectomy was performed. The patient and neonate progressed well and were discharged. Term abdominal pregnancy is an extremely rare diagnosis. The life-threatening complication is bleeding from the detached placental site. High index of suspicion is vital in making prompt diagnosis in such situations.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Placenta/metabolismo , Resultado da Gravidez , Gravidez Abdominal/diagnóstico , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Histerectomia , Recém-Nascido , Laparotomia , Gravidez , Nascimento a Termo
20.
Br J Nurs ; 28(20): S10-S18, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714826

RESUMO

Primary surgical abdominal wounds are usually covered with a dressing. However, little is known about the practical issues and costs around these dressings. This study aimed to provide an in-depth description of patients' and health professionals' perspectives on the clinical and practical issues associated with standard and novel dressing (glue-as-a-dressing) use on primary surgical wounds, and to establish whether and how their experience compares with these perspectives. During semi-structured interviews, patients and health professionals discussed their positive experience of glue-as-a-dressing and no dressing around six themes: wound contamination and infection, wound healing, wound care, physical protection afforded by simple dressings, the potential psychological impact of an exposed wound, and ability to carry out everyday tasks. Current views on the practice of dressings for primary abdominal wounds are influenced by ingrained clinical practice. These views can be challenged when exposed to novel dressing strategies or as new evidence of the clinical effect of dressing strategies emerges.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Bandagens , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pacientes/psicologia , Ferida Cirúrgica/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
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