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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21482, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756175

RESUMO

RATIONALE: In absence of conduction over the accessory pathway (AP) during the electrophysiological study, mapping and ablation is impossible. Various techniques can be used to activate absent conduction. In this presentation we describe the first case of latent AP ablation performed under continuous infusion of adenosine. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 65-year-old man, presented to emergency department with atrial fibrillation and antegrade conduction through a left lateral AP. He had palpitations and lightheadedness that occurred every 2 to 3 weeks. DIAGNOSIS: The electrophysiological study confirmed a latent left-side AP. INTERVENTIONS: Catheter ablation could not be performed because of absent conduction through AP. Therefore, a continuous infusion of adenosine was used to activate AP. Ablation was performed at the left lateral mitral ring. OUTCOMES: After catheter ablation and a new adenosine bolus there was no conduction through AP. LESSONS: In case of a latent AP when ablation is difficult to perform because of absent conduction at the time of electrophysiological study, adenosine can be used in doses of 1.5 mg/kg over 5 minutes continuous infusion.


Assuntos
Feixe Acessório Atrioventricular/cirurgia , Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Antiarrítmicos/administração & dosagem , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Feixe Acessório Atrioventricular/complicações , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Humanos , Infusões Intra-Arteriais , Masculino
2.
Radiol Clin North Am ; 58(5): 981-993, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32792128

RESUMO

Based on Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results studies, most renal cancers are low grade and slow growing. Long-term, single-center studies show excellent outcomes for T1a renal cell carcinoma (RCC), comparable to partial nephrectomy without affecting renal function and with much lower rates of complications. However, there are no multicenter randomized controlled trials of multiple ablative modalities or comparison with partial nephrectomy, and most studies are single-arm observational studies with short-term and intermediate follow-up. For treatment of stage T1a RCC, percutaneous TA is an effective alternative to surgery with preservation of renal function, low risk, and comparable overall and disease-specific survival.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Humanos , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Rim/cirurgia , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(28): e21161, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664152

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the long-term survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after conventional treatment other than liver transplantation (LT) in our institute and discuss the limitation of non-transplant treatment for HCC and the proper indictors of LT in the recent comprehensive era.Between 2003 and 2016, 181 patients with HCC aged ≦70 years received active treatment including liver resection, radiofrequency ablation (RFA), and transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). We analyzed the factors associated with overall survival and proposed new priority for the indicators of LT in HCC patients according to the extracted factors by comparing the survival with 39 transplanted patients with HCC.Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) score (HR: 1.276; 95% CI: 1.049-1.552, P = .015), and number of tumors (HR: 1.238; 95% CI: 1.112-1.377, P < .001) were selected as significant factors associated with the survival after active treatments for HCC. Patients with LT had significantly better long-term survival compared with those with non-transplant patients regardless of aforementioned factors. However, regarding relatively short survival (3 years), patients with CTP score of ≧9 and/or ≧3 tumors with non-transplant treatment had poorer survival compared with those of transplanted patients (P < .05).We propose that CTP score of 9 and/or 3 tumors before non-transplant, intensive treatment might be a new priority for considering indicators of LT in patients with HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Ablação por Cateter/mortalidade , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/mortalidade , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Transplante de Fígado/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Rev Cardiovasc Med ; 21(2): 303-307, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32706218

RESUMO

A 36-year-old woman with 12-week gestation visited the emergency department, complaining of palpitations. Her electrocardiography (ECG) demonstrated ventricular pre-excitation combined with atrial fibrillation. The polarity of the delta waves in leads V5, V6, I, and aVL were positive and negative in leads V1, III, and aVF, suggesting that the accessory pathway (AP) was located on the right posterior free wall. She did not want to take any medicine to prevent the tachycardia. Moreover, the shortest pre-excited RR interval during the atrial fibrillation was 200 ms, so we decided to ablate the AP without fluoroscopy. An electrophysiology study was performed with guidance of a 3-dimension (3D) navigation system and intracardiac echocardiography (ICE). We ablated the right free wall AP without fluoroscopy. A follow-up ECG no longer exhibited any delta waves. Even in the early period of pregnancy, catheter ablation might be performed safely using ICE and a 3D navigation system without fluoroscopy. Therefore, it could more often be considered as a therapeutic option in pregnant women without concern for radiation exposure.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/cirurgia , Exposição à Radiação/prevenção & controle , Síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White/cirurgia , Potenciais de Ação , Adulto , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Técnicas Eletrofisiológicas Cardíacas , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Gravidez , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White/fisiopatologia
5.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 42(3): 331-337, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32616128

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the value of injecting a small amount of absolute ethanol into the benign solid nodules of the thyroid before radiofrequency ablation(RFA)to improve the efficiency of radiofrequency ablation. Methods A total of 98 eligible patients(98 nodules)with pathologically confirmed benign solid nodules who were treated in our center from December 2016 to February 2018 were included and randomized into ethanol ablation(EA)combined with radiofrequency ablation(RFA)group(EA+RFA group)and RFA group,with 49 patients in each group.Routine ultrasound,contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS),and thyroid function test were performed before treatment and 1,3,6,and 12 months after treatment.The general information,treatment time,ablation energy,ablation power,postoperative nodule volume reduction ratio(VRR),symptom score(SS)and cosmetic score(CS),thyroid function level,and incidence of complications were compared between these two groups. Results The mean treatment time [(441.30±243.31)s vs.(790.70±349.82)s;t= 4.403, P=0.000],mean ablation energy [(3.92±2.01)kJ vs.(5.15±2.12)kJ;t=2.709, P=0.009],and mean ablation power [(6.07±1.44)W vs.(7.30±1.29)W;t=3.612, P=0.006] were significantly lower in the EA+RFA group than in the RFA group.At 3,6 and 12 months after surgery,the VRR in the EA+RFA group was(57.73±11.07)%(t=-3.16, P<0.001),(64.40±10.56)%(t=-5.45, P<0.001),and(77.29±8.48)%(t=-10.46, P<0.001),respectively;the VRR in the RFA group was(55.44±13.01)%(t=-1.76, P<0.001),(65.28±11.33)%(t=-5.09, P<0.001),and(75.17±9.84)%(t=-8.93, P<0.001),which were significantly smaller than those before surgery.There was no significant difference in VRR between the EA+RFA group and the RFA group at 1(t=3.41, P=0.33),3(t=2.05, P=0.21),6(t=2.77, P=0.49),and 12 months(t=5.05, P=0.10)after treatment.During the follow-up,no recurrence of nodules was observed on CEUS.In the EA+RFA group,the SS [(1.77±0.86)vs.(5.54±2.15);t=9.63, P<0.001] and the CS[(1.39±0.77)vs.(3.32±0.61);t=10.09, P=0.004]at 12 months after surgery were significantly lower than those before surgery.In the RFA group,SS [(1.63±1.04)vs.(5.90±1.79);t=12.72, P<0.001] and CS [(1.64±0.83)vs.(3.15±0.72);t=8.13, P=0.012] at 12 months after surgery were also significantly lower than those before surgery.The CSS in the EA+RFA group was significantly lower than that in the RFA group [(0.93±0.55)vs.(2.44±0.53);t=-11.70, P=0.007].Both groups had no significant change in thyroid function during the follow-up period,and no serious complications were observed. Conclusion Anhydrous alcohol injection can effectively improve the efficiency of radiofrequency ablation in treating benign solid thyroid nodules and is effective in reducing nodule volume,alleviating compressive symptoms,and decreasing cosmetic discomfort.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide , Etanol , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Am J Cardiol ; 128: 12-15, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32650904

RESUMO

Although atrial fibrillation (AF) is strongly associated with stroke, previous studies have shown suboptimal use of anticoagulation (AC). In particular, there is a lack of data on the long-term use of AC after AF catheter ablation. We followed up patients 1 to 5 years out from catheter ablation at the Johns Hopkins Hospital (JHH) to assess their long-term use of AC. We sent a survey to patients from the JHH AF database who underwent an AF catheter ablation between 01/01/2014 and 03/31/2018. Patients were asked whether they were still on AC, if they thought the ablation was successful in controlling AF symptoms and whether they had follow-up rhythm monitoring. Replies were compared with risk scores and demographic data from the electronic medical record. We sent the survey to 628 patients in the database meeting our inclusion criteria, and we received 289 responses. The average age of patients was 67 ± 10 with a median CHA2DS2-VASc of 2 and a median follow-up of 3.6 years. Overall, 81.6% of patients with a CHA2DS2-VASc >2 reported taking AC. Use of AC was positively correlated with a higher CHA2DS2-VASc score (p = 0.012) and older age (p = 0.028), but negatively correlated with a successful ablation (p = 0.040). The most common reason (50.0%) for not being on AC was that doctors were recommending stopping it after a successful ablation. In general, higher risk patients (older, higher CHA2DS2-VASC score) were more likely to remain on AC. However, patients who self-reported a successful ablation were less likely to remain on AC. There may be many patients who can tolerate AC, but are recommended to stop due to a successful ablation. It is still debated how successful AF ablation affects stroke risk. In conclusion, there is considerable variation in the long-term management of AC after an ablation, but for the present, it seems prudent to continue AC based on stroke risk scores until more definite data are available.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Desprescrições , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adesão à Medicação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
10.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 16(2): 350-355, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-455553

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a global pandemic since its outbreak in December 2019, which posed a threat to the safety and well-being of people on a global scale. Cancer patients are at high risk of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, and their critical morbidity and case fatality rates are high. The ablation expert committee of the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology compiled corresponding expert recommendations. These recommendations summarize the preventive measures and management of tumor ablation treatment in medical institutions, including outpatient clinics, oncology wards, ablation operation room, and postablation follow-ups in accordance with the guidelines and protocols imposed by the National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China and the experience in management and prevention according to various hospitals. This consensus aims to reduce and prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2 and its cross-infection between cancer patients in hospitals and provide regulatory advice and guidelines for medical personnel.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Surtos de Doenças , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/virologia , China/epidemiologia , Congressos como Assunto , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Neoplasias/patologia , Neoplasias/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia
11.
Pol Merkur Lekarski ; 48(285): 204-208, 2020 Jun 17.
Artigo em Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564048

RESUMO

Atrial flutter (AFL) is one of the most common arrhythmias present in clinical practice, both for the GPs and cardiologist practice. After atrial fibrillation (AF) is second the most common supraventricular arrhythmia. This usually occurs along the cavo-tricuspid isthmus of the right atrium though atrial flutter can originate from the left atrium as well. As AFL is rarely susceptible to pharmacotherapy, that is why, the guidelines of the European and American Cardiology Societies suggest non-pharmacological treatment - an ablation, which is a "gold standard". Due to the reentrant nature of atrial flutter, it is often possible to ablate the circuit that causes atrial flutter with radiofrequency catheter ablation. Catheter ablation is considered to be a first-line treatment method for many people with typical atrial flutter due to its high rate of success (>90%) and low incidence of complications. This is done in the cardiac electrophysiology lab by causing a ridge of scar tissue in the cavo-tricuspid isthmus that crosses the path of the circuit that causes atrial flutter. Eliminating conduction through the isthmus prevents reentry, and if successful, prevents the recurrence of the atrial flutter. Atrial fibrillation often occurs after catheter ablation for atrial flutter. We present an up to date overview of the most important information about AFL based on the available literature.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Flutter Atrial , Cardiologia , Ablação por Cateter , Flutter Atrial/diagnóstico , Flutter Atrial/terapia , Eletrocardiografia , Átrios do Coração , Humanos
12.
Orv Hetil ; 161(27): 1131-1136, 2020 07.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564004

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Benign thyroid nodules are frequent findings in imaging studies, most of the time not requiring any intervention. Treatment is usually started when nodules increase in size, the patient becomes symptomatic or clinically relevant hyperthyroidism develops. Thermoablation is an effective alternative modality. In Hungary, our team has pioneered these interventions using radiofrequency ablation for decreasing the size of the nodules. AIM: We are presenting our results showing the effectiveness of this treatment after introducing the role, importance and technique of thermoablation in benign thyroid nodules. METHOD: Between June of 2016 and September of 2019, 186 nodules of 140 patients were treated with radiofrequency ablation and had at least 6 months of follow up. The volume and diameter of all the ablated nodules were measured and calculated, then the decreases of these parameters were followed using ultrasonography. The mean follow-up time was 12.5 ± 5.9 months. RESULTS: The size measurements at the follow-up ultrasonography examinations showed a decrease in size and vascularity. The mean volume reduction was 44.7 ± 17.6% at one-month post-treatment and 72.9 ± 17.9% at 6 months. There were 3 minor complications. CONCLUSIONS: Radiofrequency ablation represents a feasible, effective, well tolerated method for outpatient treatment of benign thyroid nodules. This method is a valuable alternative to surgical treatments in selected cases. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(27): 1131-1136.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Hipertireoidismo/terapia , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hungria , Hipertireoidismo/diagnóstico por imagem , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(26): e20795, 2020 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590762

RESUMO

To explore different posttreatment changes between multimode tumor ablation therapy (MTAT) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) using intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) and diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) in patients with hepatic malignancies.Eighty - seven patients with one hundred and twenty eight hepatic lesions receiving MTAT or RFA underwent IVIM-DWI and DKI before and after treatment. The mean value of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), IVIM-DWI parameters, including true diffusion coefficient (D), pseudo-diffusion coefficient (DP), perfusion fraction (f), and DKI parameters including diffusion coefficient (DK), apparent diffusional kurtosis (K) were retrospectively compared prior to and following treatment as well as between treatment groups. The degree of parameters change after ablation was compared between 2 treatment modalities.The mean value of ADC, D, and DK increased while f, and K decreased significantly in MTAT group. In RFA group, just ADC and K showed significantly change following treatment. The ADC and D value were higher in MTAT group than in RFA group 1 month after treatment. While f was lower in MTAT group after treatment compared with RFA group. The ADC, D and DK increased (21.89 ±â€Š24.95% versus 8.76 ±â€Š19.72%, P = .04 for ADC, 33.78 ±â€Š54.01% versus 7.91 ±â€Š25.16%, P = .03 for D, 25.91 ±â€Š36.28% versus 1.75 ±â€Š46.42%, P = .01 for DK) while f declined (-32.62 ±â€Š41.48% versus 6.51 ±â€Š44.16%, P < .001) more in MTAT group.The MTAT induced different posttreatment changes on water molecule diffusion and microvasculature related functional MR parameters compared to RFA in patients with liver tumors.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Microvasos/diagnóstico por imagem , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Ablação por Radiofrequência/métodos
14.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 16(2): 350-355, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32474523

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a global pandemic since its outbreak in December 2019, which posed a threat to the safety and well-being of people on a global scale. Cancer patients are at high risk of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, and their critical morbidity and case fatality rates are high. The ablation expert committee of the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology compiled corresponding expert recommendations. These recommendations summarize the preventive measures and management of tumor ablation treatment in medical institutions, including outpatient clinics, oncology wards, ablation operation room, and postablation follow-ups in accordance with the guidelines and protocols imposed by the National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China and the experience in management and prevention according to various hospitals. This consensus aims to reduce and prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2 and its cross-infection between cancer patients in hospitals and provide regulatory advice and guidelines for medical personnel.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Surtos de Doenças , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/virologia , China/epidemiologia , Congressos como Assunto , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Neoplasias/patologia , Neoplasias/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia
15.
Cancer Radiother ; 24(5): 374-378, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32527694

RESUMO

Therapeutic advances in oncology have led to longer survival in many forms of cancer, including those complicated by bone metastases. When a bone metastasis is painful or when there is a risk of fracture, interventional radiology procedures can be carried out for pain control and/or stabilisation. All of these techniques can be performed under local anaesthesia. Cementoplasty and vertebroplasty are stabilisation procedures consisting in the percutaneous injection of acrylic cement into a lytic bone lesion. The effect on pain can be explained by the consolidation of weakened, fractured or pre-fractured bone, but also to a lesser extent by the toxic, chemical and thermal effect of the cement. Tumour ablation techniques include alcoholisation or thermal ablation (by heat with radiofrequency and microwave or cold by cryoablation). Percutaneous thermal ablation of bone tumours is most often performed as a palliative measure resulting in a significant and lasting reduction in symptoms. Radiofrequency ablation consists in placing needles through which an electrical current passes. Microwave ablation acts by causing very high frequency vibrations of water molecules. Cryoablation releases argon gas at the tip of the needle, forming an "ice ball" effectively destroying tumour cells. Any of these techniques can be combined to radiation therapy, performed before or after radiation. Finally, tumour embolisation can have a goal of pain control, or preparation of surgery to reduce the risk of peroperative haemorrhage.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias Ósseas/terapia , Dor do Câncer/terapia , Fraturas Espontâneas/terapia , Radiologia Intervencionista/métodos , Anestesia Local , Cimentos para Ossos/uso terapêutico , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Cementoplastia/métodos , Criocirurgia/métodos , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Etanol/administração & dosagem , Fraturas Espontâneas/etiologia , Fraturas Espontâneas/prevenção & controle , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Micro-Ondas/uso terapêutico , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Ablação por Radiofrequência/métodos , Solventes/administração & dosagem , Vertebroplastia/métodos
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(21): e19970, 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481260

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The RF ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) or atrial flutter (AFl) can be unsuccessful due to lack of lesion transmurality. Bipolar ablation (BA) is more successful than unipolar ablation (UA). The purpose of our study was to investigate the long-term effect of BA ablation in patients after failed UA. METHODS: Patients with septal VT (5) or AFL (2) after 2 to 5 unsuccessful UA were prospectively analysed after BA. All patients presented with heart failure or had ICD interventions. RESULTS: BA was successful in 5 patients (1 failure each in the AFL and VT group). The follow-up duration was 10 to 26 months. In AFL group, BA was successful in 1 patient, unidirectional cavotricuspid block in was achieved in the other patient. All patients were asymptomatic for 12 months, but 1 had atrial fibrillation and the other had AFL reablation 19 months after BA. In VT group, all patients had several forms of septal VT. BA was successful in 4 patients. In 2 patients with high septal VT BA resulted in complete atrioventricular block. During follow-up, 1 patient had VT recurrence 26 months after BA and died after an unsuccessful reablation. Three patients had VT recurrences of different morphologies, which required reablation (UA in 2 and alcohol septal ablation in the other patient). CONCLUSION: BA was successful in patients with AFL and septal VT resistant to standard ablation. Relapses of clinical arrhythmia are rare; however, long-term follow-up is complicated by recurrences of different arrhythmias related to complex arrhythmogenic substrate.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Taquicardia Ventricular/cirurgia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Irrigação Terapêutica , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(23): e20321, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501978

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been considerable uncertainty about the optimal treatment option for very early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with tumor size less than 2 cm. Therefore, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the outcomes of the different treatments. METHODS: This study was designed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (PRISMA). PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane library were searched for calculating the survival rates, and the "time to event" method was used to compare the outcomes of liver resection (LR) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA). All studies focusing on the treatment of solitary HCC up to 2 cm by different techniques were included in our analysis. The Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) derived from multivariate and univariate analysis were utilized to assess the treatment risks. RESULTS: We included 32 studies in our systematic review. The median 5-year overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival rate (RFS) for LR were 73% and 47%, respectively, and those for RFA were 73% and 43%, respectively. RFA was found to be associated with increased risk of mortality and recurrence compared to LR (HR = 1.61, 95% CI: 1.35-1.92, P < .0001 for OS and HR = 1.75, 95% CI: 1.56-1.96, P < .0001 for RFS). CONCLUSION: Our meta-analysis demonstrated that LR is superior to RFA in the treatment of solitary HCC up to 2 cm, with reduction in mortality and recurrence risk and improved long-term outcome.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Hepatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Taxa de Sobrevida , Carga Tumoral
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