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1.
Lancet ; 395(10221): e17, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007174
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18731, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000376

RESUMO

Miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a clinically established intrauterine pregnancy before the fetus has reached viability. In order to compare the performance of traditional G banding karyotyping with next-generation sequencing (NGS) for detecting common trisomies in products of conception (POC). Chromosome abnormalities were detected by high-resolution G banding karyotyping and NGS. A total of 48 miscarriage samples, including 20 samples without karyotype result and 28 with karyotype results were selected and coded for analysis by NGS. The multiplex PCR analysis of maternal and miscarriage DNA for single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers were used to simultaneously monitor maternal cell contamination (MCC), chromosomal status, and sex of the miscarriage tissue. NGS detection results of 21 chromosome abnormalities were consisted with that in karyotyping examination. These chromosome abnormalities samples included 9 chromosome 16 trisomies, 3 chromosome 22 trisomies, 2 chromosome 7 trisomies, 2 chromosome 18 trisomies, 1 chromosome 4 trisomies, one chromosome 10 trisomies, 1 chromosome 13 trisomies, 1 chromosome 15 trisomies and 1 sex chromosomal aneuploidies (45, X). Meanwhile, NGS analysis of seven chromosome normalities was adapted to the karyotyping examination. Therefore, NGS combined with multiplex PCR is an effective method to test trisomies in POC. The results mentioned above will contribute to a detailed understanding of the first-trimester spontaneous miscarriages.


Assuntos
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/estatística & dados numéricos , Trissomia/diagnóstico , Aborto Espontâneo/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(4): e18383, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977842

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of letrozole and human menopausal gonadotropin (HMG) in the treatment of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) resistant to clomiphene citrate (CC). METHODS: A total of 96 clomiphene resistance polycystic ovary syndrome patients infertility were randomly divided into an LE group, and HMG group (n = 48). LE group orally received letrozole at 5.0 mg/d on the 3rd-5th days of menstrual cycle for 5 consecutive days, and 75 U/d HMG was given through intramuscular injection for 5 days starting from the third day of menstrual cycle in HMG group. Number of growing and mature follicles, serum E2 (pg/mL), serum P (ng/mL), endometrial thickness, occurrence of pregnancy and miscarriage were observed. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the number of ovulation cycles between the 2 groups (53.6% vs 64.7%, P > .05). The number of mature follicular cycles in the HMG group was higher than that of the letrozole group (P < .01). There were no significant differences in the clinical pregnancy rate (22.9% vs 27.1%, P > .05) and abortion rate (6.2% vs 10.4%, P > .05). There was no significant difference in the endometrial thickness between the 2 groups on the day of HCG injection [(9.1 ±â€Š0.2) mm vs (10.7 ±â€Š1.6) mm, P > .05]; the serum estradiol (E2) was lower in the letrozole group. The incidence of ovarian cysts was lower than that of HMG group (P < .05). There was2 ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in the letrozole group; the incidence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in the HMG group was 12.5%. CONCLUSION: Letrozole-induced ovulation can obtain ovulation rate and pregnancy rate similar to gonadotropin, but reduce the risk associated with treatment. It can be used as an effective ovulation option for patients with polycystic ovary syndrome who are resistant to clomiphene.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina/tratamento farmacológico , Letrozol/uso terapêutico , Menotropinas/uso terapêutico , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/tratamento farmacológico , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Adulto , Clomifeno/farmacologia , Endométrio/efeitos dos fármacos , Estradiol/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Cistos Ovarianos/induzido quimicamente , Síndrome de Hiperestimulação Ovariana/induzido quimicamente , Ovulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
5.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 148(1): 6-13, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691277

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of adverse fetal outcomes after exposure to oral antifungal agents during pregnancy. SEARCH STRATEGY: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched up to October 2018. SELECTION CRITERIA: Cohort studies and case-control studies investigating fetal outcomes following maternal exposure to oral antifungal agents. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two reviewers independently assessed studies for inclusion, assessed risk of bias, and extracted data. Pooled estimates were calculated for the frequency of adverse fetal outcomes. MAIN RESULTS: Overall, eight cohort studies and one case-control study were included. The oral antifungal agents used during pregnancy were fluconazole and itraconazole. The data indicated that oral fluconazole exposure during pregnancy might slightly increase the risk of congenital heart defects and limb defects relative to the general population; oral itraconazole during pregnancy might increase the risk of eye defects. No difference was found between oral fluconazole/itraconazole exposure and non-exposure in the risk of other birth defects, spontaneous abortion, or stillbirth. CONCLUSION: Oral fluconazole or itraconazole may not increase the risk of birth defects. Nonetheless, the risk of congenital heart defects and limb defects after fluconazole exposure and eye defects after itraconazole exposure should be cautiously investigated.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/efeitos adversos , Fluconazol/efeitos adversos , Itraconazol/efeitos adversos , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/etiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Anormalidades Congênitas/epidemiologia , Anormalidades Congênitas/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Natimorto/epidemiologia
6.
BJOG ; 127(2): 264-274, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573753

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterise vaginal bacterial composition in early pregnancy and investigate its relationship with first and second trimester miscarriages. DESIGN: Nested case-control study. SETTING: Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London. POPULATION: 161 pregnancies: 64 resulting in first trimester miscarriage, 14 in second trimester miscarriage and 83 term pregnancies. METHODS: Prospective profiling and comparison of vaginal bacteria composition using 16S rRNA gene-based metataxonomics from 5 weeks' gestation in pregnancies ending in miscarriage or uncomplicated term deliveries matched for age, gestation and body mass index. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Relative vaginal bacteria abundance, diversity and richness. Pregnancy outcomes defined as first or second trimester miscarriage, or uncomplicated term delivery. RESULTS: First trimester miscarriage associated with reduced prevalence of Lactobacillus spp.-dominated vaginal microbiota classified using hierarchical clustering analysis (65.6 versus 87.7%; P = 0.005), higher alpha diversity (mean Inverse Simpson Index 2.5 [95% confidence interval 1.8-3.0] versus 1.5 [1.3-1.7], P = 0.003) and higher richness 25.1 (18.5-31.7) versus 16.7 (13.4-20), P = 0.017), compared with viable pregnancies. This was independent of vaginal bleeding and observable before first trimester miscarriage diagnosis (P = 0.015). Incomplete/complete miscarriage associated with higher proportions of Lactobacillus spp.-depleted communities compared with missed miscarriage. Early pregnancy vaginal bacterial stability was similar between miscarriage and term pregnancies. CONCLUSIONS: These findings associate the bacterial component of vaginal microbiota with first trimester miscarriage and indicate suboptimal community composition is established in early pregnancy. While further studies are required to elucidate the mechanism, vaginal bacterial composition may represent a modifiable risk factor for first trimester miscarriage. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Vaginal bacterial composition in first trimester miscarriage is associated with reduced Lactobacillus spp. abundance and is independent of vaginal bleeding.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo/microbiologia , Microbiota/fisiologia , Vagina/microbiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Londres , Gravidez , Primeiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Segundo Trimestre da Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , RNA Ribossômico 16S
7.
BJOG ; 127(1): 39-45, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31444892

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the relation between famine exposure in early life and subsequent pregnancy loss, including stillbirth, and spontaneous abortion in adulthood. DESIGN: A population-based, partly ecological study. SETTING AND POPULATION: Individual data of 58 601 females born around the time of the Great Chinese Famine in 1959-1961. METHODS: Associations between the famine exposure in early life and pregnancy loss (stillbirth and spontaneous abortion) in adulthood were analysed using negative binomial regression, with the non-exposure group as reference, adjusting for region, highest education, monthly income, alcohol consumption, tobacco use, body mass index in 25-year-olds and metabolic equivalent. Further analyses were stratified by rural versus urban region. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Continuous variables of times of stillbirths and spontaneous abortions were used according to the individual self-reported reproductive history. RESULTS: No association was found between famine exposure and spontaneous abortion. In contrast, females experiencing the famine during their prenatal period (incidence rate ratio = 1.15, 95% CI 1.00-1.33) or infant period (incidence rate ratio = 1.27, 95% CI 1.12-1.44) were more likely to report stillbirth in later adult life. Such an association appeared stronger in women living in rural regions. CONCLUSIONS: Early life exposure of famine was associated with an increased risk of stillbirth but not spontaneous abortion in adulthood. The strength of such an association appeared stronger in rural areas. Given the high potential for unmeasured confounding, these associations must be interpreted with caution. Regarding the potential implication that undernutrition in the fetal period is related to reproductive outcome in adulthood, fetal nutritional supply may play an important role in human reproduction. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Exposure to famine in early life was associated with increased pregnancy loss in adulthood.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Natimorto/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Saúde da População Rural
9.
BJOG ; 127(1): 79-86, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483927

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to analyse the Korean National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) cohort data to examine the safety of acupuncture therapy during pregnancy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Korea. POPULATION OR SAMPLE: Women with confirmed pregnancy between 2003 and 2012 from the 2002-13 NHIS sample cohort (n = 20 799). METHODS: Women with confirmed pregnancy were identified and divided into acupuncture or control group for comparison of their outcomes. Differences in other factors such as age, and rate of high-risk pregnancy and multiple pregnancy were examined. In the acupuncture group, the most frequent acupuncture diagnosis codes and the timing of treatment were also investigated. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence of full-term delivery, preterm delivery and stillbirth by pregnancy duration and among the high-risk and multiple pregnancy groups. RESULTS: Of 20 799 pregnant women analysed, 1030 (4.95%) and 19 749 were in the acupuncture and control groups, respectively. Both overall (odds ratio [OR] 1.23; 95% CI 0.98-1.54), and in the stratified analysis of high-risk pregnancies (OR 1.09; 95% CI 0.73-1.64), there was no significant difference between acupuncture and control groups in preterm deliveries. No stillbirths occurred in the acupuncture group and 0.035% of pregnancies resulted in stillbirths in the control group. CONCLUSION: No significant difference in delivery outcomes (preterm delivery and stillbirth) was observed between confirmed pregnancies in the acupuncture and control groups. Therefore, in pregnancy, acupuncture therapy may be a safe therapeutic modality for relieving discomfort without an adverse delivery outcome. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: In pregnancy, acupuncture therapy may be a safe therapeutic modality for relieving discomfort without an adverse outcome.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/efeitos adversos , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segurança do Paciente , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Natimorto/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Sci Total Environ ; 702: 134988, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715397

RESUMO

Miscarriage is one of the commonest complications of pregnancy. Although previous studies suggested that environmental factors were important causes of miscarriage, evidence is still inadequate. Here, we examined the association of maternal exposure to temperature with the risk of miscarriage and further assessed the modifying effects of surrounding residential greenness. A case-control study was conducted at a large hospital in Guangzhou, China. All participants' information was extracted from hospital records. An inverse distance weighted method was used to estimate the temperature exposure at each residential address, where the greenness was measured by Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). A logistic regression model was applied to estimate the association of temperature exposure with the risk of miscarriage. A total of 2044 cases of miscarriage and 2285 controls were included in the present study. We observed a generally non-linear positive relationship between temperature exposure and the risk of miscarriage. More pronounced effects of high temperatures vs. low temperatures were found during the two months prior to hospitalization than in other periods. The odds ratio (OR) of 29.4 °C (95th centile) compared with 15 °C during the first month prior to hospitalization was 1.480 (95% CI: 1.021-2.145). Smaller effects of temperatures were seen on the risk of miscarriage among participants with moderately great surrounding greenness compared with those with less greenness. We concluded that maternal exposure to moderately high temperature during pregnancy may increase the risk of miscarriage, but the modifying effects of greenness on these associations need to be further tested in future studies.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Exposição Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Temperatura Ambiente , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Desenvolvimento Sustentável
11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(12): 1171-1174, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813140

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To apply high-throughput whole genome sequencing (WGS) and short tandem repeat (STR) typing to detect aneuploidies, heteroploidies and copy number variations(CNVs) in spontaneous abortic tissues. METHODS: Chorionic villus samples from 145 patients with spontaneous abortion were subjected to detection of aneuploidies, heteroploidies and copy number variations by WGS and STR typing. RESULTS: All testing was successful and the rate of chromosomal abnormalities among the patients was 22.07%. Among these, there were 11 trisomies, 3 monosomies, 2 triploidies, 5 autosomal mosaicisms, 4 sex chromosomal mosaicisms, 7 structural abnormalities (including 1 mosaicism). In 89 cases, there were 130 CNVs of uncertain significance, 47 likely benign CNVs, and 2 loss of one copy of pathogenic AR gene. One sample contained 6 fragment duplications and deletions. Only 24 samples had no abnormal finding. CONCLUSION: The most important reason for spontaneous abortions is embryonic chromosomal abnormality. Combined STR typing and WGS is both comprehensive and fast, and may become a major means for the detection of chorionic villi tissue from spontaneous abortions.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo/genética , Coreia/genética , Repetições de Microssatélites , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
12.
Biol Lett ; 15(12): 20190529, 2019 12 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795853

RESUMO

When breeding females compete for limited resources, the intensity of this reproductive conflict can determine whether the fitness benefits of current reproductive effort exceed the potential costs to survival and future fertility. In group-living species, reproductive competition can occur through post-natal competition among the offspring of co-breeding females. Spontaneous abortion could be a response to such competition, allowing females to curtail reproductive expenditure on offspring that are unlikely to survive and to conserve resources for future breeding opportunities. We tested this hypothesis using long-term data on banded mongooses, Mungos mungo, in which multiple females within a group give birth synchronously to a communal litter that is cared for by other group members. As predicted, abortions were more likely during dry periods when food is scarce, and in breeding attempts with more intense reproductive competition. Within breeding events, younger, lighter females carrying smaller fetuses were more likely to abort, particularly those that were also of lower rank. Our results suggest that abortion may be a means by which disadvantaged females conserve resources for future breeding attempts in more benign conditions, and highlight that female reproductive competition may be resolved long before the production of offspring.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Herpestidae , Animais , Cruzamento , Feminino , Fertilidade , Humanos , Gravidez , Reprodução
14.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(12): 797-802, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874468

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate chromosome abnormality rate and related factors of spontaneous abortion in early pregnancy. Methods: A total of 831 tissue samples of spontaneous abortion in early pregnancy were collected from June 2015 to August 2018 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. Chromosomal copy number was analyzed by next generation sequencing (NGS). The relationships between chromosome abnormality and maternal age, in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) pregnancy, number of previous spontaneous abortions, history of live birth were analyzed by statistical methods. Results: Among 831 tissue samples of spontaneous abortion in early pregnancy, 461 (55.5%, 461/831) were found to have chromosome abnormalities. Maternal age (OR=1.107, 95%CI: 1.070- 1.145) and history of live birth (OR=1.909, 95%CI: 1.182-3.083) were the positive correlative factors of chromosome abnormality. Times of previous spontaneous abortion (OR=0.807, 95%CI: 0.702-0.928) and IVF-ET pregnancy (OR=0.554, 95%CI: 0.404-0.760) were the negative correlative factors of chromosome abnormality. Conclusions: Chromosome abnormality is an important cause of spontaneous abortion in early pregnancy. The rate of chromosome abnormality increases with the increase of maternal age and the history of live birth, and decreases with the increase of number of previous spontaneous abortion and IVF-ET pregnancy.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Transtornos Cromossômicos/genética , Transferência Embrionária , Fertilização In Vitro , Aborto Espontâneo/genética , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Idade Materna , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Primeiro Trimestre da Gravidez
15.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(12): 803-807, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874469

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of the number of previous spontaneous abortions on the first in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycle. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 1 279 patients who received IVF/ICSI treatment for the first time from July 2014 to July 2018 in Tianjin Central Hospital of Gynecology Obstetrics;they were divided into 0 time group (group A, n=924), 1 time group (group B, n=267) and 2 times group (group C, n=88) for comparison, according to the previous frequency of spontaneous abortions. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in age, basal testosterone, estradiol, progesterone, prolactin and embryo quality in group A, B and C (all P>0.05). The biochemical pregnancy rate of group C (9.1%) was higher than those of the other two groups (4.1% and 4.1%; all P>0.05). The clinical pregnancy rate of group A (42.5%) [>group B (40.4%) and >group C (35.2%)] was not statistically significant(P>0.05).Early abortion rate in group A (8.9%) was0.05). Conclusions: Women with a history of one- or two-time spontaneous abortion have no obvious effect on embryo quality, and have a negative impact of clinical pregnancy rate, early abortion rate, live birth rate in the first IVF/ICSI cycle; especially for patients with a history of two times spontaneous abortion, early abortion rate has a significant increase, live birth rate decreases significantly, suggesting that patients with a history of two times of spontaneous abortion should find the causes of miscarriage according to the process of recurrent spontaneous miscarriage and receive treatment if necessary before subsequent pregnancy.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido , Aborto Espontâneo , Fertilização In Vitro , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(12): 808-814, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874470

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the application of combinatorial probe anchor synthesis (cPAS)-based high-throughput low coverage whole genome sequencing in chromosomal aberration detection in spontaneous miscarriage. Methods: From September 2015 to May 2017, spontaneous miscarriage samples were collected from Inner Mongolia Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital. Those samples were further analyzed with two independent methods, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and low coverage whole genome sequencing on the BGISEQ-500 high-throughput platform. The performance of low coverage whole genome sequencing was assessed by comparing to FISH results. Results: In 595 spontaneous miscarried specimens, low coverage whole genome sequencing revealed 144 cases (24.2%, 144/595) chromosomal abnormalities, of which a subset of 137 cases (23.0%, 137/595) were detected as aneuploidies, 2 cases (0.3%, 2/595) as mosaicisms and 5 cases (0.8%, 5/595) as copy number variation (≥5 Mb). Conclusion: cPAS-based high-throughput low coverage whole genome sequencing is a reliable method in detecting chromosomal aberrations inspontaneous abortion tissues, including chromosome aneuploidies, mosaicisms and copy number variation (≥5 Mb).


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo/genética , Aberrações Cromossômicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Criança , China , Aberrações Cromossômicas/embriologia , Cromossomos/genética , DNA/genética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Gravidez , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma/métodos
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(47): e18041, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764825

RESUMO

Fetal chromosomal abnormalities are considered to be the main cause of spontaneous abortion (SA). We aimed to determine the differences in the rates and numbers of chromosomal abnormalities between samples from women with a history of one versus more than one SA as well as between samples from first- and second-trimester SAs in women from Northeast China.In total, 1210 products of conception (POCs) from patients with a history of one or more SAs were examined. Of these 1210 samples, 434 were from women with a history of 1 SA, and 776 were from women with a history of more than 1 SA. Additionally, 1071 samples were from the first trimester, 118 were from the second trimester, and 21 were from the third trimester. We identified chromosomal abnormalities by next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology. Among the 1210 POCs in women with SA, 607 (50.17%) had fetal chromosomal abnormalities. There were no significant differences in the rates of chromosomal abnormalities according to the abortion frequency. However, first-trimester SA had a significantly higher percentage of fetal chromosomal abnormalities than second-trimester SA (P < .05). Among 663 chromosomal abnormalities, 633 abnormalities occurred in first-trimester SA; the most frequent karyotype was trisomy 16 (14.38%), followed by monosomy X (13.27%), trisomy 22 (7.90%), and trisomy 15 (5.37%). Thirty abnormalities occurred in second-trimester SA; the most frequent karyotype was trisomy 18 (26.67%), followed by monosomy X (16.67%), trisomy 21 (13.33%), and trisomy 13 (10.00%). No chromosomal abnormalities occurred in the third trimester.These findings indicate the importance of determining the genetic cause of abortion in patients with a history of SA. We also identified a trend suggesting that the percentage of fetal chromosomal abnormalities is significantly higher in first- than second-trimester SA. The detection rate of chromosomal abnormalities in POCs from SA can be increased by NGS, which is beneficial for couples with recurrent miscarriages and offers better genetic counseling in the clinical setting.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo/genética , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feto , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
18.
BMJ ; 367: l5721, 2019 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704711

RESUMO

The studyCoomarasamy A, Devall AJ, Cheed V, et al. A randomised trial of progesterone in women with bleeding in early pregnancy N Engl J Med 2019;380:1815-24.This project was funded by the NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme (project number 12/167/26).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000792/miscarriage-not-prevented-by-routine-use-of-progesterone.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Progesterona , Avaliação da Tecnologia Biomédica
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17751, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689830

RESUMO

Maternal bacterial sepsis during pregnancy and the postpartum period is a common cause of maternal mortality and fetal morbidity and mortality. This study was performed to analyze perinatal prognosis and related factors of maternal bacterial sepsis in west China.We conducted a cross-sectional study of pregnant women with bacterial sepsis who were admitted into a tertiary care center in western China between 2011and 2015. Data from these cases were collected and analyzed.Eighty six women were identified with bacterial sepsis in our hospital, and the incidence of maternal bacterial sepsis was 1.7 per 1000 maternities, the incidence of septic shock was 1.8 per 10,000 maternities, and 1 maternal death occurred. Among the 86 pregnant women with bacterial sepsis, genital tract infection was the most common source of infection (41/86, 47.7%). The most common bacteria in the Gram-positive bacteria group was Listeria monocytogenes and in the Gram-negative bacteria group was Escherichia coli. The premature delivery rate (65.7%) was substantially higher in the Gram-negative bacteria group (P = .011), and the miscarriage rate (31.3%) was higher in the Gram-positive bacteria group (P = .042). The fetal/neonatal mortality rate was 20% (21/105) and higher in the Gram-positive bacteria group (P = .008), and the infant mortality rate in 1 year was 7.1% (6/84).Bacterial sepsis remains an alarming cause of both maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality, and infant mortality. Key treatment involves a multi-disciplinary group of clinicians with experience in all aspects of the care of pregnant women with sepsis and early initiation of appropriate antibiotics according to the type of bacterial infection. The effect of maternal sepsis on long-term fetal outcome should be investigated.


Assuntos
Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Bactérias Gram-Positivas , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/mortalidade , Infecções do Sistema Genital/mortalidade , Sepse/mortalidade , Aborto Espontâneo/microbiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/mortalidade , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Mortalidade Infantil , Recém-Nascido , Mortalidade Materna , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/microbiologia , Infecções do Sistema Genital/microbiologia , Sepse/microbiologia
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