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1.
J Endod ; 49(2): 169-177.e3, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36528175

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Periapical abscesses are 1 of the most frequent pathologic lesions in the alveolar bone. Recently, we have identified 17-octadecynoic acid (17-ODYA) as the highest unique metabolite in periapical abscesses. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the immunologic and pathophysiological roles of this metabolite in the initiation and development of periapical abscesses. METHODS: Periodontal ligament fibroblasts and peripheral blood mononuclear cells were treated with 17-ODYA. Gene expression analysis and interleukin (IL)-8 release were determined using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Macrophage polarization and cytokine release were also determined using flow cytometry and Luminex bioassay (R&D Systems, Minneapolis, MN), respectively. RESULTS: In periodontal ligament fibroblasts, 17-ODYA caused significant (P < .0001) up-regulation of IL-1α, IL-1ß, IL-6, matrix metalloproteinase-1, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 at 10 µmol/L after 6 days of treatment and up-regulation of platelet-derived growth factor alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor alpha at all tested concentrations after 2 days of treatment. In peripheral blood mononuclear cells, 17-ODYA significantly increased the expression of IL-1α, IL-1ß, IL-6, matrix metalloproteinase-1, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 at 10 µmol/L (P < .0001) and vascular endothelial growth factor alpha and platelet-derived growth factor alpha at 1 µmol/L 17-ODYA (P < .0001). 17-ODYA polarized macrophages toward a proinflammatory phenotype (M1) and suppressed the release of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. 17-ODYA significantly enhanced the release of IL-8. CONCLUSIONS: This study was the first to identify the pathologic role of 17-ODYA in the development of periapical abscesses. The results of this study are important in shedding light on the pathogenesis of periapical abscesses in relation to microbial metabolites.


Assuntos
Quimiocina CCL2 , Abscesso Periapical , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz , Interleucina-6 , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
2.
Am J Dent ; 35(4): 197-199, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35986935

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of acute periapical abscesses (PAs) in patients with history of stroke. METHODS: Integrated data of hospital patients was used. Data from the corresponding diagnosis codes for PAs and stroke were retrieved by searching the appropriate query in the database. The odds ratio (OR) of acute PAs and its association with post-stroke conditions was calculated and analyzed statistically. RESULTS: The prevalence of acute PAs in patients with stroke history was 1.39% as compared to 0.6% in the general patient population of the hospital. The OR was 2.78 and the difference was statistically significant (P< 0.0001). The prevalence of acute PAs in patients with a history of hemorrhagic stroke was 1.19% and the OR was 2.38. The difference was statistically significant (P< 0.0001). The prevalence of acute PAs in patients with a history of cerebral infarction was 1.55% and the OR was 3.11. The difference was statistically significant (P< 0.0001). The prevalence of acute PAs in patients with a history of cerebral infarction without hypertension was 0.87% and the OR was 1.75. The difference was statistically significant (P< 0.0001). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Oral healthcare providers should be aware of the possible higher prevalence of periapical abscesses in post-stroke patients. This can include patients with a history of hemorrhagic stroke or cerebral infarction.


Assuntos
Acidente Vascular Cerebral Hemorrágico , Abscesso Periapical , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Infarto Cerebral/complicações , Infarto Cerebral/epidemiologia , Humanos , Abscesso Periapical/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
3.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(2): 43-48, maio-ago. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1362032

RESUMO

Casos de fraturas dentárias oblíquas muitas vezes possuem um prognóstico desfavorável, geralmente com indicação da extração do elemento dental. O presente artigo visou relatar o tratamento do caso clínico de um paciente do sexo masculino, 12 anos, que compareceu à Unidade de Saúde Bucal do Hospital Universitário de Brasília com encaminhamento de extração do dente 12, apresentando fratura oblíqua que se estendia subgengivalmente na face vestibular. O trauma havia ocorrido há três anos e o paciente havia sido submetido a diversas intervenções endodônticas, apresentando no momento da consulta inicial por nossa equipe uma lesão periapical extensa. Após a realização da anamnese, exame clínico e radiográfico, foi adotada uma abordagem multidisciplinar conservadora com a manutenção do dente e a realização da enucleação da lesão periapical por meio de intervenção cirúrgica e posterior reabilitação. Em uma mesma sessão, foi realizada a obturação do conduto com cone de guta percha e cimento sealer 26 e a cirurgia parendodôntica juntamente com a apicoplastia. Uma semana após a intervenção cirúrgica foi realizada restauração classe IV com resina composta baseada no enceramento dos modelos de diagnóstico montados em articulador. Com base em uma avaliação criteriosa e multidisciplinar, foi possível adotar uma abordagem conservadora no caso em questão, com a manutenção e reabilitação de um dente permanente em um paciente jovem, evitando a indicação de exodontia(AU)


Cases of oblique dental fractures often have an unfavorable prognosis, usually with the indication of extraction of the dental element. The present article aimed to report the treatment of the clinical case of a 12-year-old male patient, who attended the Oral Health Unit of the Hospital Universitário de Brasília with a referral for extraction of tooth 7, presenting an oblique fracture that extended subgingivally on the labial surface. The trauma had occurred three years ago and the patient had undergone several endodontic interventions, presenting an extensive periapical lesion at the time of the initial consultation by our team. After anamnesis, clinical and radiographic examination, a conservative multidisciplinar approach was adopted with the maintenance of the tooth and the enucleation of the periapical lesion through surgical intervention and subsequente rehabilitation. In the same session, the conduit was filled with gutta-percha cone and sealer cement 26 and parendodontic surgery was performed together with apicoplasty. One week after the surgical intervention, class IV restoration was performed with composite resin based on the waxing of the diagnostic models mounted on an articulator. Based on a careful and multidisciplinary evaluation, it was possible to adopt a conservative approach in the case in question, with the maintenance and rehabilitation of a permanent tooth in a young patient, avoiding the indication of extraction(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Criança , Fraturas dos Dentes/terapia , Cavidade Pulpar/cirurgia , Cavidade Pulpar/lesões , Abscesso Periapical , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Fraturas dos Dentes , Fraturas dos Dentes/cirurgia , Fraturas dos Dentes/diagnóstico , Incisivo
4.
Evid Based Dent ; 23(2): 50-51, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35750723

RESUMO

Data sources Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov and OpenGrey databases were systematically searched to find studies comparing post-operative pain experienced following root canal treatment with ultrasonic and conventional irrigation (up to May 2021). Hand searching of selected journals was also performed.Study selection Randomised controlled trials assessing post-operative pain experienced following primary non-surgical root canal treatment using conventional versus ultrasonic irrigation were screened. Exclusion criteria included an unsuitable follow-up period, systemic disease among the participants, severe pain, acute apical abscess diagnoses and fewer than 12 patients per trial arm. English language only studies were included. Two reviewers independently screened the studies and disagreements were resolved by consulting a third reviewer.Data extraction and synthesis Data extracted included tooth type, root type, pre-operative diagnosis, pain recording, time of pain recording, number of patients requiring analgesics and study conclusions. Meta-analyses of different post-operative time periods (6h, 24h, 48h, 72h and 7 days) were performed using a fixed-effects model to obtain a mean difference (with 95% confidence intervals) for post-operative pain. Heterogeneity between studies was evaluated using the I2 statistic. Quality assessment of the included studies was performed according to the Cochrane Collaboration protocol for randomised controlled trials. Publication bias was assessed using a funnel plot and modified via the 'trim-and-fill' method.Results A total of six articles were included in the systematic review, of which four were included in the meta-analysis. Overall risk of bias was deemed to be 'low' with one study presenting an unclear risk with respect to selection bias. Meta-analysis demonstrated that ultrasonic agitation significantly reduced post-operative pain compared to conventional irrigation at 6, 24 and 48 hours (p <0.05) but no significant differences were found at later time points.Conclusions Ultrasonic irrigation may lead to less post-operative pain compared to conventional irrigation techniques; however, the evidence base is limited and further research is needed to support these findings.


Assuntos
Abscesso Periapical , Ultrassom , Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Abscesso Periapical/cirurgia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
5.
Spec Care Dentist ; 42(1): 15-19, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34240444

RESUMO

AIMS: To assess the prevalence of periapical abscesses in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to evaluate the effect of glucocorticoids (GCs) used to treat SLE, on the prevalence of such lesions. METHODS: Integrated data of hospital patients was used. Data from the corresponding diagnosis codes for SLE and periapical abscess was retrieved by searching the appropriate query in the database. The odd ratio (OR) of periapical abscesses and its association with SLE and intake of GCs were calculated and analyzed statistically. RESULTS: The prevalence of periapical abscesses in patients treated with GCs was 1.5% compared to 0.39% in patients who were not treated with GCs. The OR for periapical abscesses in patients treated with GCs was 2.53 compared with OR of 0.66 in patients not treated with GCs. The differences were statistically significant (p < .0001). The prevalence of periapical abscesses in patients with SLE was 1.88%. The OR was 3.18 and the difference statistically significant (p < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: Under the conditions of this study, it appears that the prevalence of periapical abscesses is higher in patients with SLE. Patients receiving GCs therapy, either for SLE or for other conditions, may present higher prevalence of periapical abscesses.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Abscesso Periapical , Glucocorticoides , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Abscesso Periapical/epidemiologia , Prevalência
6.
Rev. Rede cuid. saúde ; 15(2): [105-114], dez. 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349498

RESUMO

A lesão perirradicular consiste em uma doença inflamatória de origem microbiana causada pelo desenvolvimento da infecção no sistema de canais radiculares. Citocinas pró-inflamatórias e imunoregulatórias são fundamentais para o desenvolvimento dessas lesões. No entanto, pouco se sabe sobre como e em que momento elas atuam nas diferentes fases de desenvolvimento da lesão. A presença de bactérias e seus subprodutos metabólicos evocam reações imunológicas do hospedeiro, como a chegada de diferentes células do sistema de defesa aos tecidos periapicais, bem como produção de mediadores inflamatórios. Diversos estudos vêm sendo realizados para identificar os mediadores envolvidos na atividade de reabsorção óssea, permitindo uma melhor compreensão sobre a etiopatogenia das periacopatias. Além disso, investigações prévias sugerem que os linfócitos T CD4+ são as célulasinflamatórias predominantes que se infiltram na patogênese das lesões periapicais e desempenham um papel importante no curso da doença. Células Th17, que compreendem uma subpopulação da T CD4+, cujo produto principal é a interleucina IL-17. A IL-17 é uma citocina pró-inflamatória que exerce efeitos potentes em diferentes tipos celulares da imunidade inata e é considerada uma ponte molecular entre o sistema imunológico inato e adaptativo. Ela também é responsável pelo início e propagação da inflamação, apresentando um papel importante na ligação da ativação da célula T para mobilização e ativação de neutrófilos. Neste contexto, a presente revisão da literatura discutiu o papel da IL-17 na formação e manutenção de lesões perirradiculares.


The periapical lesion is an inflammatory disease of microbial origin caused by infection development in the root canal system. Pro-inflammatory and immunoregulatory cytokines are essential for the development of these lesions. However, little is known about how and when they act in the different stages of injury development. The presence of bacteria and their metabolic products evoke host immune reactions, such as the arrival of different cells of the defense system in periapical tissues, as well as the production of inflammatory mediators. Several studies have been carried out to identify the mediators involved in bone resorption activity, allowing a better understanding of the etiopathogenesis of periapicopathies. In addition, previous investigations suggest that CD4 + T lymphocytes are the predominant inflammatory cells that infiltrate the pathogenesis of periapical lesions and play an important role in the course of the disease. Th17 cells, which comprise a subpopulation of CD4 + T, whose main product is interleukin IL-17. IL-17 is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that has potent effects on different cell types of innate immunity and is considered a molecular bridge between the innate and adaptive immune systems. It is also responsible for the onset and spread of inflammation, playing an important role in linking T cell activation to neutrophil mobilization and activation. In this context, the present literature review discussed the role of IL-17 in the formation and maintenance of periradicular lesions.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Abscesso Periapical , Ferimentos e Lesões , Linfócitos T , Interleucina-17
7.
Dent. press endod ; 11(3): 66-74, Sept-Dec.2021. Ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379506

RESUMO

Introdução: A presença de microrganismos é considerada a principal causa de insucesso da terapia endodôntica. Além disso, a anatomia interna dos dentes também representa um grande desafio para os endodontistas. Desse modo, lançar mão da tecnologia reduz tempo clínico e aumenta a chance de sucesso da terapia endodôntica. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi relatar um caso clínico com a utilização de instrumentação mecanizada e o sistema Reci- proc Blue associados à terapia fotodinâmica. Descrição: Paciente do sexo feminino, melanoderma, compareceu à clínica escola de uma faculdade de Odontologia apresentando duas fístulas intrabucais ativas na região de fundo de vestíbulo próxima aos ápices dos dentes #12 e #22. Após os exames clínicos, radiográficos, testes de sensibilidade e rastreamento de fístulas, estabeleceu-se o diagnóstico de necrose pulpar, sugestível de abscesso apical crônico dos incisivos laterais superiores. Resultados: O tratamento endodôntico dos dois elementos dentários foi realizado em sessão única, utilizando o instrumento Reciproc Blue em movimento reciprocante associado à terapia fotodinâmica. Após 30 dias da conclusão dos tratamentos endodônticos e restauradores, os dentes apresentavam-se assintomáticos e com cicatrização das fístulas intrabucais. Conclusão: O uso do sistema Reciproc Blue associado à terapia fotodinâmica foi eficaz. Constatou-se o sucesso clínico e radiográfico da terapêutica aplicada, verificando-se o restabelecimento da região periapical, com regressão da lesão radiograficamente e ausência de sinais clínicos e sintomas de infecção do canal radicular. O acompanhamento por tempo prolongado é necessário para se avaliar o total reparo da lesão periapical (AU).


Introduction: The presence of microorganisms is considered the main cause of endodontic therapy failure. In addition, an internal anatomy also poses a major challenge for endodontists. In this way, avail a series of quick techniques and increase the chance of success. The reason of this study was to relate clinical cases, root canal treatment, using mechanized instrumentation with the system Reciproc Blue instrument, associated with photodynamic therapy. Case report: A female genetic patient, brown skin, presented at the school clinic of a dental school, with a major complaint of "blistering on the gum." At the clinical examination, the target dates are inside the mouth active in the selection bottom region near the apexes of the elements 12 and 22. Through clinical, radiographic, sensitivity and screening tests of fistulae, diagnosis and diagnosis of pulp necrosis, suggestive of chronic apex abscess of the incisors. Results: Endodontic treatment of the two dental elements was performed in a single session using the Reciproc Blue instrument in a reciprocating motion associated with photodynamic therapy. After 30 days of completion of endodontic and restorative treatments, one patient returned for evaluation and clinical follow-up. The new asymptomatic presentation and with a healing of the intrabucal fistulas. Conclusion: The system Reciproc Blue associated with photo-dynamic therapy was effective. It was verified the clinical and radiographic success of apicality, confirming the reestablishment of the apex region with regression of the radiographic lesion and the absence of clinical signs and signs of infection of the root canal. The patient is with the clinician and radiographic studies (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Fotoquimioterapia , Necrose da Polpa Dentária , Abscesso Periapical , Cicatrização , Cavidade Pulpar
8.
Eur Endod J ; 6(2): 242-246, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650020

RESUMO

Although regenerative endodontic procedures (REPs) have become one of the widely accepted treatment modalities for necrotic immature teeth with apical periodontitis, little is known about the long-term outcomes and the effect of orthodontic tooth movement on this procedure. This report presents a case that underwent two REPs and orthodontic treatment over a period of seven years. A 9-year-old male was referred for evaluation of traumatized maxillary central incisors. Based on clinical and radiographic examinations, a diagnosis of pulp necrosis with acute apical abscess was established. REP was performed for both teeth, and the patient was brought in for follow-up annually. Orthodontic treatment was performed during the follow-up period. Annual follow-up visits demonstrated complete resolution of signs and symptoms of disease with the thickening of the roots. At the six-year follow-up visit, the patient presented with a sinus tract and periapical radiolucency. A second REP was performed for both teeth. The one-year recall visit after the second REP revealed complete resolution of clinical symptoms and radiographic signs of healing of apical pathology with further development of the roots. In conclusion, the effect of orthodontic treatment on teeth undergoing REP should be investigated and yearly follow-up visits should be recommended for patients undergoing REP as this case showed signs of deterioration six years after the treatment.


Assuntos
Abscesso Periapical , Periodontite Periapical , Endodontia Regenerativa , Criança , Necrose da Polpa Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Necrose da Polpa Dentária/terapia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Periodontite Periapical/terapia
9.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255485, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351963

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of unculturable bacteria in periapical abscess, radicular cyst, and periapical granuloma. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, and Ovid databases were systematically searched from January 1990 to May 2020. All the included studies were cross-sectional design. The risk of bias was assessed using Joanna Briggs Institute check-list. Heterogeneity was described using meta-regression and mixed-effects model for lesion, country, and sequence technique moderators. Funnel plot and unweighted Egger's regression test were used to estimate the publication bias. Microbiome data on diversity, abundance, and frequency of unculturable bacteria in the periapical lesions were reviewed, analysed, and the principal component analysis (PCA) was performed. RESULTS: A total of 13 studies out of 14,780, were selected for the final analysis. These studies focused on the prevalence of unculturable bacteria in periapical abscesses and related lesions. Approximately 13% (95% CI: 7-23%) of the cumulative number of bacteria derived from periapical abscesses was unculturable. Country moderator significantly (P = 0.05) affects the diversity summary proportion. While the pooled frequency of unculturable bacteria was 8%; 95% CI: 5, 14%, the estimate of the pooled abundance of unculturable bacteria was 5%; 95% CI: 2, 12% with a significant (P = 0.05) country moderator that affects the abundance summary proportion. Of the 62 unculturable bacteria, 35 were subjected to PCA and Peptostreptococcus sp. oral clone CK035 was the most abundant species in periapical abscesses. Hybridization techniques were found to be the most reliable molecular methods in detecting the abundance and frequency of unculturable bacteria. CONCLUSION: The significant prevalence of unculturable bacteria in the periapical abscess, suggests that they are likely to play, a yet unknown, critical role in the pathogenesis and progression of the disease. Further research remains to be done to confirm their specific contributions in the virulence and disease progression.


Assuntos
Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Infecções Bacterianas/epidemiologia , Abscesso Periapical/epidemiologia , Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia , Humanos , Abscesso Periapical/microbiologia , Prevalência
10.
Am J Dent ; 34(4): 211-214, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370914

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of periapical abscesses in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and to evaluate the effect of commonly used antirheumatic medications on such prevalence. METHODS: Integrated data of hospital patients was used. Data from the corresponding diagnosis codes for rheumatoid arthritis and periapical abscess was retrieved by searching the appropriate query in the database. The odd ratio (OR) of periapical abscesses, its association with rheumatoid arthritis and intake of three commonly prescribed antirheumatic medications were calculated and analyzed statistically. RESULTS: The prevalence of periapical abscesses in patients with rheumatoid arthritis was 1.53% as compared to 0.51% in the general patient population of the hospital. The OR was 2.60 and the difference was statistically significant (P< 0.0001). In patients treated with either Methotrexate, Sulfasalazine, or Etanercept, the ORs were 2.88, 3.1, and 1.07, respectively. The differences between Methotrexate and Sulfasalazine were statistically significant (P< 0.0001). The OR for prevalence of periapical abscesses in patients treated with Etanercept was significantly lower than that of patients treated with either Methotrexate or Sulfasalazine (P< 0.005). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Oral healthcare providers should be aware of the possible association between rheumatoid arthritis and occurrence of periapical abscesses. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis, mainly women, may exhibit higher prevalence of periapical abscesses. Treatment with TNF alpha inhibitors may lower the prevalence of periapical abscesses in such patients.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Artrite Reumatoide , Abscesso Periapical , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Abscesso Periapical/tratamento farmacológico , Prevalência , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
J Endod ; 47(11): 1724-1728, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34363831

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The acute (symptomatic) apical abscess is characterized by pulp necrosis, rapid onset, spontaneous pain, percussion pain, pus formation, and tissue swelling. The etiopathology of acute apical abscesses includes active (lytic) herpesviruses and gram-negative anaerobic bacteria. The present study examined the potential of valacyclovir, an anti-herpesvirus agent, and systemic amoxicillin to manage the pain of acute apical abscesses. METHODS: Twenty emergency patients with moderate to severe apical abscess pain received randomly either amoxicillin (1 g immediate dose followed by 500 mg, 4 times a day, totally 7 days) + valacyclovir (2 g immediate dose followed by 500 mg, twice a day, totally 3 days) ("valacyclovir" group, 10 patients) OR amoxicillin (1 g immediate dose followed by 500 mg, 4 times a day, totally 7 days) + placebo ("placebo" group, 10 patients). Daily telephone calls during the 6-day follow-up period assessed pain level on a numeric rating scale and analgesic intake. The Mann-Whitney and the Friedman statistical tests analyzed the outcome data. RESULTS: At the baseline examination, all 10 valacyclovir and 9 placebo patients exhibited moderate to severe pain and 18 patients needed pain medication. On the first day after baseline, the valacyclovir group showed 2 patients with moderate/severe pain and 1 patient on pain medication, but the placebo group revealed as many as 8 patients with moderate/severe pain and 9 patients on pain medication. The difference in pain level and analgesic usage between the valacyclovir and the placebo group remained statistically significant during the entire post-baseline study period (P < .05). CONCLUSION: The present study points to valacyclovir as a promising adjunctive agent in pain control with acute apical abscesses.


Assuntos
Abscesso , Abscesso Periapical , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Manejo da Dor , Projetos Piloto , Valaciclovir
12.
Am J Dent ; 34(3): 163-165, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34143587

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of periapical abscesses (PAs) in individuals with vitamin D deficiency who are not treated and in individuals treated with a vitamin D supplement (calciferol). METHODS: Integrated data of hospital patients was used. Data from the corresponding diagnosis codes for periapical abscess and vitamin D deficiency were retrieved by searching the appropriate query in the database. The Risk Ratio (RR) for periapical abscesses, its association with vitamin D deficiency and intake of calciferol were calculated and analyzed statistically. RESULTS: The RR for prevalence of periapical abscesses in patients with vitamin D deficiency was 3.44. Presence of PAs was significantly higher in patients with vitamin D deficiency compared to patients without vitamin D deficiency (P< 0.0001). The RR and the prevalence of PAs for patients treated with calciferol were significantly lower compared to untreated patients (P< 0.0001). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Dentists should be aware of the possible association between vitamin D deficiency and occurrence of periapical abscesses. It appears that the prevalence of periapical abscesses is higher in patients with vitamin D deficiency. Calciferol supplement may reduce the prevalence of such periapical disease in these patients.


Assuntos
Abscesso Periapical , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Humanos , Abscesso Periapical/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Vitamina D , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia
13.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 260, 2021 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33985486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thermography is a contemporary imaging modality based on acquiring and analyzing thermal data using non-contact devices. The aim of the present study was to assess the validity of thermography, compared with that of the reference-standard, for the diagnosis of periapical inflammatory lesions and to evaluate the temperature ranges for acute pulpitis with apical periodontitis (AAP), acute periapical abscess (AA) and chronic periapical abscess (CA). METHODS: AAP, AA and CA were diagnosed based on clinical and radiographic criteria. Thermographic data were acquired using the FLIR E-5 Infrared Camera. Extraoral thermal images were taken from the front and right and left sides of patients whose mouths were closed, and one intraoral thermal image was taken from the palatal perspective. Agreement in the diagnoses based on the combination of clinical and radiographic assessments and the thermographic evaluation was calculated. The temperature ranges of the three diagnostic subgroups were also measured. RESULTS: A total of 80 patients were enrolled in this study. The mean intraoral thermal image temperature for AA was 37.26 ± 0.36, that for CA was 35.03 ± 0.63 and that for AAP was 36.07 ± 0.45. The differences between the mean intraoral thermal temperatures of the three diagnostic groups were statistically significant (P < 0.001). The result of the Kappa coefficient of agreement between the combination of clinical and radiographic assessments and the thermographic evaluation was significant (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Thermography is an effective, quantitative and nonionizing approach that can be used for the diagnosis of periapical inflammatory lesions. The results of the present study indicated that the highest thermal image temperatures were recorded for AA. Thermography might be able to detect inflammatory reactions during the preclinical stage, leading to early diagnosis.


Assuntos
Abscesso Periapical , Periodontite Periapical , Pulpite , Humanos , Inflamação , Periodontite Periapical/diagnóstico por imagem , Termografia
14.
J Endod ; 47(7): 1070-1074, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33862105

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is a common major systemic disease and 1 of the most significant causes of mortality worldwide. Persistent hypertension is 1 of the risk factors for stroke, heart attack, heart failure, and arterial aneurysm and is a leading cause of chronic kidney failure. Common medications used to treat hypertension include beta blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, and calcium channel blockers. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of periapical abscesses in patients with different types of hypertension conditions and to evaluate the effect of commonly used antihypertensive medications on the prevalence of periapical abscesses. METHODS: The integrated data of hospital patients were used. Data from the corresponding diagnosis codes for hypertensive conditions and periapical abscess were retrieved by searching the appropriate query in the database. The odds ratio (OR) of periapical abscesses, its association with hypertensive conditions, and the intake of 4 antihypertensive medications were calculated and analyzed statistically. RESULTS: The prevalence of periapical abscesses in patients with hypertensive conditions was 1.2% compared with 0.558% in the general patient population of the hospital. The OR for the prevalence of periapical lesions in patients with hypertension was 2.32. For primary hypertension, the OR was 2.02; for hypertensive heart disease, the OR was 2.68; for hypertensive chronic kidney disease, the OR was 2.1; for hypertensive heart and chronic kidney diseases, the OR was 4.16; for secondary hypertension, the OR was 4.16; and for hypertension crisis, the OR was 5.64. For patients treated with beta blockers, the OR was 2.58; for patients treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, the OR was 2.73; for patients treated with angiotensin II receptor blockers, the OR was 1.93; and for patients treated with calcium channel blockers, the OR was 2.79. The differences were statistically significant (P < .0001). The OR for the prevalence of periapical abscesses in patients treated with angiotensin II receptor blockers was significantly lower than that of patients treated with either beta blockers or calcium channel blockers (P < .00001). CONCLUSIONS: Under the conditions of this study, it appears that the prevalence of perapical abscesses is significantly higher in hypertensive patients. The prevalence of periapical abscesses is higher in patients with secondary hypertension than in those with primary hypertension. Angiotensin II receptor blockers may significantly lower the prevalence of periapical abscesses in hypertensive patients.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Abscesso Periapical , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Estudos Transversais , Hospitais , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Prevalência
15.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e033, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729278

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of chronic inflammatory periapical diseases in different regions of Brazil and to compare with data from the literature. A multicenter study was carried out in four Brazilian referral centers in oral diagnosis. Histopathological records were reviewed, and all cases diagnosed microscopically as periapical granuloma, radicular cyst, and periapical abscess were included. Demographic and clinical data were collected. Descriptive statistics and Pearson's chi-square test were performed. A total of 10,381 cases of chronic inflammatory periapical diseases were found (13.8% of 74,931 archived specimens) over a period of 65 years. Radicular cysts were the most common lesion (59.9%). Women (56.1%) with a mean age of 37.01 years old (range 13 to 100 ± 14.42) and people of white skin color (59.2%) were the most affected individuals by chronic inflammatory periapical diseases. The lesions were generally asymptomatic (28.1%), located in the maxilla (60.1%), and posterior region (49.8%). The radicular cysts were larger when compared to periapical granulomas (p < 0.001). The disagreement between the clinical and histopathological diagnoses was higher when the final diagnosis was a periapical granuloma (p < 0.001). Chronic inflammatory periapical diseases continue to be common lesions affecting mainly adults. This should be a consequence of the burden of untreated caries in permanent teeth. Women are more affected and radicular cyst was the most common lesion.


Assuntos
Abscesso Periapical , Doenças Periapicais , Granuloma Periapical , Cisto Radicular , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Abscesso Periapical/epidemiologia , Doenças Periapicais/epidemiologia , Granuloma Periapical/epidemiologia , Cisto Radicular/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(2)2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608338

RESUMO

Awake fibreoptic intubation (AFOI) is an established modality in patients with anticipated difficulty with tracheal intubation. This case demonstrates that with careful and meticulous preparations, AFOI can lead to improved airway management and excellent patient outcomes. A 38-year-old woman presented with severe trismus secondary to odentogenous abscess was identified preoperatively as having a potential difficult airway. AFOI was performed successfully using combined Spray-As-You-Go and dexmedetomidine technique.


Assuntos
Tecnologia de Fibra Óptica , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Abscesso Periapical/complicações , Trismo/complicações , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Vigília
17.
J Emerg Med ; 60(4): 506-511, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33483197

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental infections are frequently encountered in the emergency department (ED), with periapical abscesses being among the most painful. Traditional pain management strategies include local anesthetic injections, oral analgesics, and intravenous opioids. OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify an alternative pain management strategy with early use of dexamethasone as adjunct to conventional therapies for inflammation and pain at the site of infection. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study comparing the analgesic effect of dexamethasone and placebo in ED patients with periapical abscess during a 2-year timeframe at two urban academic EDs. Adult patients presenting with physical examination findings consistent with a diagnosis of periapical abscess were randomized to receive oral dexamethasone or an identical placebo. Pain was assessed using the verbal numeric scale in person at discharge and via telephone at 12, 24, 48, and 72 h after discharge from the ED. RESULTS: Seventy-three patients were enrolled, with 37 receiving dexamethasone and 36 receiving placebo. Follow-up pain scores were obtained for 52 patients at 12, 24, 48, and 72 h. Ten patients from the dexamethasone group and 11 from placebo group were lost to follow-up. Patients who received dexamethasone reported a greater reduction in pain at 12 h compared with the placebo group (p = 0.029). Changes in pain scores from baseline and at 24, 48, and 72 h were not statistically significant. No adverse events were reported. CONCLUSIONS: Single-dose dexamethasone as adjunct to conventional medical management for pain caused by periapical abscess demonstrated a significant reduction in pain 12 h post treatment compared with placebo.


Assuntos
Abscesso Periapical , Adulto , Analgésicos Opioides , Dexametasona/farmacologia , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Dor/etiologia , Abscesso Periapical/complicações , Abscesso Periapical/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
Front Immunol ; 12: 707267, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34539639

RESUMO

Periapical abscesses, radicular cysts, and periapical granulomas are the most frequently identified pathological lesions in the alveolar bone. While little is known about the initiation and progression of these conditions, the metabolic environment and the related immunological behaviors were examined for the first time to model the development of each pathological condition. Metabolites were extracted from each lesion and profiled using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in comparison with healthy pulp tissue. The metabolites were clustered and linked to their related immune cell fractions. Clusters I and J in the periapical abscess upregulated the expression of MMP-9, IL-8, CYP4F3, and VEGF, while clusters L and M were related to lipophagy and apoptosis in radicular cyst, and cluster P in periapical granuloma, which contains L-(+)-lactic acid and ethylene glycol, was related to granuloma formation. Oleic acid, 17-octadecynoic acid, 1-nonadecene, and L-(+)-lactic acid were significantly the highest unique metabolites in healthy pulp tissue, periapical abscess, radicular cyst, and periapical granuloma, respectively. The correlated enriched metabolic pathways were identified, and the related active genes were predicted. Glutamatergic synapse (16-20),-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids, lipophagy, and retinoid X receptor coupled with vitamin D receptor were the most significantly enriched pathways in healthy control, abscess, cyst, and granuloma, respectively. Compared with the healthy control, significant upregulation in the gene expression of CYP4F3, VEGF, IL-8, TLR2 (P < 0.0001), and MMP-9 (P < 0.001) was found in the abscesses. While IL-12A was significantly upregulated in cysts (P < 0.01), IL-17A represents the highest significantly upregulated gene in granulomas (P < 0.0001). From the predicted active genes, CIBERSORT suggested the presence of natural killer cells, dendritic cells, pro-inflammatory M1 macrophages, and anti-inflammatory M2 macrophages in different proportions. In addition, the single nucleotide polymorphisms related to IL-10, IL-12A, and IL-17D genes were shown to be associated with periapical lesions and other oral lesions. Collectively, the unique metabolism and related immune response shape up an environment that initiates and maintains the existence and progression of these oral lesions, suggesting an important role in diagnosis and effective targeted therapy.


Assuntos
Abscesso Periapical/imunologia , Granuloma Periapical/imunologia , Cisto Radicular/imunologia , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metabolômica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Abscesso Periapical/metabolismo , Abscesso Periapical/patologia , Granuloma Periapical/metabolismo , Granuloma Periapical/patologia , Cisto Radicular/metabolismo , Cisto Radicular/patologia , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
19.
Clin Oral Investig ; 25(6): 3535-3542, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33170373

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the presence of Streptococcus mutans in root canals of symptomatic necrotic teeth (SNT) and their associated acute apical abscesses (AAA) and in the root canals of asymptomatic necrotic teeth (ANT). It also aimed to investigate the presence of the cnm and cbm genes in specimens that harbored S. mutans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: DNA was extracted from samples collected from 10 patients presenting pulpal necrosis associated with radiographic evidence of apical periodontitis (ANT) and from 10 patients in need of endodontic therapy due to the presence of pulpal necrosis (SNT) and AAA. The control group consisted of 10 patients with teeth with normal vital pulp and requiring endodontic treatment for prosthetic reasons. The presence of S. mutans was detected by quantitative real-time-PCR (qPCR) using species-specific primers. Samples harboring S. mutans were further evaluated for the presence of CBP genes by qPCR as well. RESULTS: All studied sites showed a high prevalence of S. mutans, except the control group. Specifically, 60% of ANT and 70% of AAA/SNT paired samples were positive for S. mutans. The cnm gene was detected positive for S. mutans only in ANT samples (66.6%). The cbm gene was not detected in any of the investigated sites. CONCLUSIONS: S. mutans was found in high prevalence in both asymptomatic and symptomatic endodontic infections, including in abscesses, but it was not detected in the root canals of teeth with normal vital pulp. Interestingly, cnm+ S. mutans was only detected in asymptomatic/chronic primary endodontic infections associated with apical lesion. Therefore, it appears that cnm, and possibly other CBPs, may play an underestimated role in chronic endodontic infections. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A high prevalence of Streptococcus mutans cnm+ gene was detected only in asymptomatic primary endodontic infections associated with apical lesion. Therefore, it appears that this collagen-binding protein gene plays an underestimated role in asymptomatic/chronic endodontic infections.


Assuntos
Abscesso Periapical , Periodontite Periapical , Cavidade Pulpar , Necrose da Polpa Dentária , Humanos , Streptococcus mutans/genética
20.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(84): 7-11, 2021. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363431

RESUMO

El tratamiento endodóntico del primer premolar inferior, cuando presenta varios conductos o varias raíces puede ser un gran desafío. En el presente trabajo se describe un caso clínico de un paciente de sexo masculino de 60 años de edad que concurre al Servicio de Guardia de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (FOUBA). Al examen clínico y radiográfico se descubre la presencia de dos trayectos fistulosos que corresponden a la misma pieza dentaria con diagnóstico de absceso alveolar crónico. Concluimos que el operador debe realizar un minucioso diagnóstico, y analizar y conocer las diferentes configuraciones anatómicas para tratarlas adecuadamente, aumentando así las probabilidades de éxito del tratamiento (AU)


Endodontic treatment of the first lower premolar when it has multiple ducts or multiple roots can be a challenge. This paper describes a clinical case of a 60-year-old male patient who attends the on-call service of the School of Dentistry of the University of Buenos Aires (FOUBA). Upon clinical and radiographic examination, the presence of two sinusal tracts that corresponded to the same dental piece with a diagnosis of chronic alveolar abscess was discovered. We conclude that the operator must carry out a thorough diagnosis and analyze and understand the different anatomical configurations in order to properly treat them, thus increasing the probability of treatment success (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Abscesso Periapical , Dente Pré-Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Cavidade Pulpar/anatomia & histologia , Argentina , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Faculdades de Odontologia , Diagnóstico Clínico , Doença Crônica
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