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1.
Arch Osteoporos ; 16(1): 11, 2021 01 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33415510

RESUMO

This is a survey study concerning osteoporosis care during the COVID-19 pandemic in the Netherlands. Respondents reported that osteoporosis care stagnated and lower quality of care was provided. This leads to the conclusion that standardization of osteoporosis care delivery in situations of crisis is needed. PURPOSE: During the initial phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, there was no guidance of professional societies or guidelines on the organization of osteoporosis care in case of such a crisis, and treatment relied on local ad hoc strategies. Experiences from the current pandemic need to be taken into account for the near future, and therefore, a national multidisciplinary survey was carried out in the Netherlands. METHODS: A survey of 17 questions concerning the continuation of bone mineral density measurements by Dual Energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), outpatient clinic visits, and prescription of medication was sent to physicians, nurses, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants working in the field of osteoporosis. RESULTS: 77 respondents finished the questionnaire, of whom 39 (50.6%) reported a decline in DXA-scanning and 36 (46.8%) no scanning at all during the pandemic. There was an increase in remote consultations for both new and control patient visits (n = 48, 62.3%; n = 62, 81.7% respectively). Lower quality of care regarding fracture prevention was reported by more than half of the respondents (n = 44, 57.1%). Treatment with intravenous bisphosphonates and denosumab was delayed according to 35 (45.4%) and 6 (6.3%) of the respondents, respectively. CONCLUSION: During the COVID-19 pandemic, osteoporosis care almost completely arrested, especially because of the discontinuation of DXA-scanning and closing of outpatient clinics. More than half of the respondents reported a substantial lower quality of osteoporosis care during the COVID pandemic. To prevent an increase in fracture rates and a decrease in patient motivation, adherence and satisfaction, standardization of osteoporosis care delivery in situations of crisis is needed.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Absorciometria de Fóton , Humanos , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 184(1): 107-122, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33112262

RESUMO

Objective: Hypogonadism is common in HIV-infected men. The relationship between health status, sex steroids and body composition is poorly known in HIV. The aim was to investigate the association between health status (comorbidities/frailty), body composition, and gonadal function in young-to-middle-aged HIV-infected men. Design: Prospective, cross-sectional, observational study. Methods: HIV-infected men aged <50 years and ongoing Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy were enrolled. Serum total testosterone (TT), estradiol (E2), estrone (E1) were measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, LH and FSH by immunoassay. Free testosterone (cFT) was calculated by Vermeulen equation. Body composition was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and abdominal CT scan. Multimorbidity (MM) and frailty were defined as ≥3 comorbidities and by a 37-item index, respectively. Results: A total of 316 HIV-infected men aged 45.3 ± 5.3 years were enrolled. Body fat parameters were inversely related to cFT and TT, and directly related to E1 and E2/testosterone (TS) ratio. Patients with MM had lower cFT (P < 0.0001) and TT (P = 0.036), and higher E1 (P < 0.0001) and E2/TS ratio (P = 0.002). Frailty was inversely related to cFT (R2 = 0.057, P < 0.0001) and TT (R2 = 0.013, P = 0.043), and directly related to E1 (R2 = 0.171, P < 0.0001), E2 (R2 = 0.041, P = 0.004) and E2/TS ratio (R2 = 0.104, P < 0.0001). Conclusions: Lower TT and cFT, higher E1, E2/TS ratio and visceral fat were independently associated to poor health status and frailty, being possible hallmarks of unhealthy conditions in adult HIV-infected men. Overall, MM, frailty and body fat mass are strictly associated to each other and to sex steroids, concurring together to functional male hypogonadism in HIV.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo , Estrona/sangue , Infecções por HIV/fisiopatologia , Hipogonadismo/fisiopatologia , Testosterona/sangue , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adulto , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade , Composição Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Fragilidade/fisiopatologia , Fragilidade/virologia , HIV , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Nível de Saúde , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Humanos , Hipogonadismo/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Multimorbidade , Estudos Prospectivos
3.
Ter Arkh ; 92(6): 33-36, 2020 Jul 09.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346490

RESUMO

AIM: Determine whether bone mineral density (BMD) assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry can be used as predictor of increased risk of death in hemodialysis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was performed of 516 patients with chronic kidney disease treated with hemodialysis (men 265, women 251, mean age 44.811.4 years) who were observed for 5.73.2 years. Before inclusion in the study, in all patients was analyzed bone mineral density using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in three standard departments: lumbar vertebrae, proximal femur and distal forearm. The probability analysis of the outcome was carried out using the KaplanMeier method and Cox. RESULTS: During follow-up period 111 (21.5%) patients died, 50.5% from cardiovascular events. Survival analysis by KaplanMeier method allowed to prove the increased risk of death from cardiovascular pathology in hemodailysis patients with low bone mineral density of all evaluated areas. Step-by-step multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the T score of the femur, showing the difference of BMD of the patient with normal value of BMD for young adult, had the greatest prognostic significance. CONCLUSION: Reduced bone mineral density in patients receiving hemodialysis is associated with an increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease. Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry can be used for assessment of this risk.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Osteoporose , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adulto , Densidade Óssea , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Diálise Renal , Adulto Jovem
4.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(11): 1295-1299, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147932

RESUMO

To explore the threshold effect of body mass index (BMI) on bone mineral density (BMD) in Chinese women living in the fluorosis area, we conducted a cross-sectional study and recruited 722 women in rural areas in Henan Province, China. After detection and analyses, we found that compared with the normal BMI group, the risk of osteoporosis in the overweight and obese groups were reduced by 32% and 69%, respectively. Threshold effect analysis showed that BMD was positively correlated with BMI when BMI was 16.8-31.2 kg/m2; while when BMI was greater than 31.2 kg/m2, the correlation reached saturation. The correlation observed between low-to-moderate fluoride exposure and BMD in rural women was not significant.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Osteoporose , Absorciometria de Fóton , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos
5.
Arch Osteoporos ; 15(1): 155, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025208

RESUMO

We compared the effect of anthropometric factors on osteoporosis diagnosis by quantitative computed tomography (QCT) and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and found QCT spine volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) was not associated with body weight, body mass index (BMI) or DXA anteroposterior spine thickness. In contrast, DXA spine and hip areal bone mineral density (aBMD) were strongly associated with all three factors. Adjustment of DXA aBMD measurements improved consistency with QCT vBMD. PURPOSE: Although the diagnosis of osteoporosis using DXA T scores preferentially targets patients with BMI, there is evidence that obesity is not protective against fractures. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of anthropometric factors on osteoporosis diagnosis by QCT and DXA and investigate whether adjustment of DXA aBMD can achieve a more even distribution of diagnoses between slimmer and heavier individuals consistent with QCT. METHODS: The participants were 964 men and 682 women referred for low-dose chest CT and DXA examinations as part of their employers' health check-up programs. QCT vBMD was measured in the L1-L2 vertebrae and DXA aBMD in the spine and hip. The prevalence of osteoporosis in each tertile of BMI in participants aged > 50 years was evaluated based on their QCT and DXA findings, and then re-evaluated after adjustment to the mean BMI in each sex. Similar investigations were performed for body weight and DXA anteroposterior (AP) spine thickness. The effect of the adjustment of DXA aBMD for anthropometric factors on the correlation with QCT vBMD was also examined. RESULTS: For spine QCT, correlations of age adjusted vBMD residuals against BMI were not statistically significant in men (P = 0.44) or women (P = 0.32). In contrast, slopes for aBMD residuals were all highly statistically significant (P < 0.001). There were similar findings for weight and AP spine thickness. Adjustment of DXA aBMD for anthropometric factors resulted in a more equal spread of diagnoses of osteoporosis and greater consistency with QCT. CONCLUSION: Our study highlights differences between DXA and QCT in their correlation with anthropometric factors and its effect on the diagnosis of osteoporosis. Adjustment of DXA T scores for anthropometric factors gave greater consistency with QCT vBMD. Further studies are required into whether adjusting DXA aBMD for anthropometric factors has a beneficial impact on the discriminative or predictive power for vertebral fracture.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Absorciometria de Fóton , Antropometria , Densidade Óssea , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
6.
Arch Osteoporos ; 15(1): 166, 2020 10 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079259

RESUMO

In our study investigating the prevalence of osteosarcopenic obesity (OSO) in community-dwelling older adults and possible factors responsible for falls, we have found that prevalence of OSO is 10.7%. OSO does not significantly increase the odds of falling, whereas lower handgrip strength, ALMi and gait speed were independent factors associated with falls. PURPOSES: The purposes of the study were (a) to determine the prevalence of osteosarcopenic obesity (OSO) in community-dwelling older adults and (b) to investigate the association between falls and possible factors in individuals with and without OSO. METHODS: Medical records of patients aged ≥ 65 years were retrospectively reviewed. Individuals were diagnosed with OSO based on their T-score assessed by dual x-ray absorptiometry, handgrip strength, appendicular lean mass index (ALMi), gait speed and body fat percentile. Comorbidities, history of falls, depressive state, medications and anthropometric measures were also noted. RESULTS: A sample of 460 individuals were assessed (337 females; 123 males) and 49 patients were diagnosed with OSO. There was no statistically significant difference in falls between the two groups (OR: 0.768, 95% CI: 0.409-1.440, p: 0.41) and the presence of OSO was not significantly associated with increased odds of falling (OR: 1.755, 95% CI: 0.547-5.628, p: 0.344). Handgrip strength (OR: 0.931, 95% CI: 0.893-0.971, p: 0.001), ALMi (OR: 0.799, 95% CI: 0.708-0.901, p < 0.0001) and gait speed (OR: 0.529, 95% CI: 0.283-0.988, p: 0.046) were independently associated with falls in overall group, whereas interaction analysis did not reveal any significant moderator effect of OSO vs. non-OSO in the associations between risk factors and falls. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of OSO was 10.7%. OSO was not associated with elevated odds of falling, whereas lower handgrip strength, ALMi and gait speed were independent factors associated with falls. Further prospective research is needed to clarify the effect of OSO on odds of falling, in consideration with possible risk factors. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER AND DATE: NCT04288401 /26.02.2020.


Assuntos
Fragilidade/fisiopatologia , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/epidemiologia , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Sarcopenia/epidemiologia , Absorciometria de Fóton/métodos , Idoso , Antropometria/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Vida Independente , Masculino , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Osteoporose/fisiopatologia , Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcopenia/fisiopatologia
7.
Arch Osteoporos ; 15(1): 154, 2020 10 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009959

RESUMO

The purpose was to determine if increasing serum 25(OH)D and calcium in postmenopausal women increased skeletal muscle size, strength, balance, and functional task performance while decreasing muscle fatigue. PCSA of the vastus lateralis increased and ascent of stairs time decreased after 6 months of increased serum 25(OH)D. PURPOSE: The Institute of Medicine recommends ≥ 20 ng/ml of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] for bone and overall health. Serum 25(OH)D levels have been associated with physical performance, postural sway, and falls. The purpose of this study was to determine if increasing postmenopausal women's serum 25(OH)D levels from 20-30 ng/ml to 40-50 ng/ml improved skeletal muscle size, strength, balance, and functional performance while decreasing skeletal muscle fatigue. METHODS: Twenty-six post-menopausal women (60-85 years old) with baseline serum 25(OH)D levels between 20 and 30 ng/ml were recruited. Oral over-the-counter (OTC) vitamin D3 and calcium citrate were prescribed to increase subjects' serum 25(OH)D to levels between 40 and 50 ng/ml, serum calcium levels above 9.2 mg/dl, and PTH levels below 60 pg/ml, which were confirmed at 6 and 12 weeks. Outcome measures assessed at baseline and 6 months included muscle physiological cross-sectional area (PCSA), muscle strength, postural balance, time to perform functional tasks, and muscle fatigue. Repeated measures comparisons between baseline and follow-up were performed. RESULTS: Nineteen subjects completed the study. One individual could not afford the time commitment for the repeated measures. Three individuals did not take their vitamin D as recommended. Two subjects were lost to follow-up (lack of interest), and one did not achieve targeted serum 25(OH)D. Vastus lateralis PCSA increased (p = 0.007) and ascent of stair time decreased (p = 0.042) after 6 months of increasing serum 25(OH)D levels from 20-30 ng/ml to 40-50 ng/ml. Isometric strength was unchanged. Anterior-posterior center of pressure (COP) excursion and COP path length decreased (p < 0.1) albeit non-significantly, suggesting balance may improve from increased serum 25(OH)D and calcium citrate levels. CONCLUSIONS: Several measures of muscle structure and function were sensitive to elevated serum 25(OH)D and calcium levels indicating that further investigation of this phenomenon in post-menopausal women is warranted.


Assuntos
Citrato de Cálcio/administração & dosagem , Cálcio/sangue , Colecalciferol/administração & dosagem , Fadiga Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Força Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Pós-Menopausa/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/prevenção & controle , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Absorciometria de Fóton/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/administração & dosagem , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Citrato de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Colecalciferol/uso terapêutico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atividade Motora/efeitos dos fármacos , Projetos Piloto , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Resultado do Tratamento , Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/tratamento farmacológico , Vitaminas/administração & dosagem , Vitaminas/uso terapêutico
8.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 52(6): 964-975, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119156

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) is a predisposing factor for bone loss and muscle dysfunction, which could lead to osteoporotic fractures and physical disability, respectively. AIM: To assess the effect of 6 months of combined impact and resistance training on bone mineral density (BMD) and muscle function in adults with CD. METHODS: In this randomised controlled trial, 47 adults with stable CD were assigned to exercise (n = 23) or control (n = 24) groups and followed up for 6 months. The exercise group received usual care plus a 6-month combined impact and resistance training programme, involving three, 60-minute sessions per week and a gradual tapering of supervision to self-management. The control group received usual care alone. The primary outcomes were BMD (via dual energy X-ray absorptiometry) and muscle function (measures of upper and lower limb strength and endurance) at 6 months. RESULTS: At 6 months, BMD values were superior in the exercise group with statistical significance at lumbar spine (adjusted mean difference 0.036 g/cm2, 95% CI 0.024-0.048; P < 0.001), but not at femoral neck (0.018 g/cm2, 0.001-0.035; P = 0.059) or greater trochanter (0.013 g/cm2, -0.019 to 0.045; P = 0.415) after correcting for multiple outcomes. The exercise group also had superior values for all muscle function outcomes (P < 0.001; unadjusted mean differences ranging 22.6‒48.2%), and lower fatigue severity (P = 0.005). Three exercise-related adverse events were recorded: two instances of light-headedness and one of nausea. CONCLUSIONS: The intervention improved BMD and muscle function in adults with CD and appears as a suitable model of exercise for reducing future risk of osteoporotic fractures and disability. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN11470370.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea/fisiologia , Doença de Crohn/terapia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Treinamento de Resistência , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adulto , Idoso , Exercício Físico , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
9.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0238773, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031459

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fractures of the pelvic ring in elderly patients have increased in frequency over time. These injuries are associated with a high morbidity and have a socio-economic impact. The diagnostic procedures and their influence of therapy decisions are still controversial. METHODS: In a retrospective study, we investigate the value of additional MRI examination on therapy decision of fragility fractures of the pelvis. The evaluation of all patients with pelvic fractures without adequate trauma and with performed CT and MRI was conducted at three large German hospitals. The imaging procedure took place within a maximum interval of 4 weeks. After evaluation of the imaging, the resulting therapeutic consequences either based on CT alone or on CT and MRI were reviewed by experienced pelvic surgeons. RESULTS: Of 754 patients with pelvic injuries, 67 (age 80 +/- 9.7 years, f: m 54:13) could be included. The detection of vertical fractures in CT (n = 40 unilateral, n = 11 bilateral) could be increased by the additional MRI (n = 44 unilateral, n = 23 bilateral). A horizontal fracture component was identified in CT in 9.0% (n = 6) vs. MRI in 25.4% (n = 17) of the cases. An anterior pelvic ring injury was detected in 71.6% (n = 44; 4x bilateral) in CT, in 80.6% in MRI (n = 50, 4 bilateral). Additive MRI imaging increased the decision rate for surgical therapy from 20.9% (n = 14) to 31.3% (n = 21). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study further support the value of bone marrow edema detection by MRI diagnostics (or dual source CT which showed promising initial results) for the detection of pelvic ring fractures. For the first time, the study identifies an additional therapeutic consequence by an increased rate of surgical procedures.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Ósseas/terapia , Ossos Pélvicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Ossos Pélvicos/lesões , Absorciometria de Fóton , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Densidade Óssea , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Medula Óssea/diagnóstico por imagem , Edema/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Imagem Multimodal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
10.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(10): 916-21, 2020 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107253

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relevance ratio of osteoporosis and bone mass of middle aged and elderly people in Beijing communities, in order to understand occurrence and development trend of abnormality of bone mass in high-risk population from community. METHODS: Based on the method of cross-sectional investigation, the information data of 1 540 middle-aged and elderly people from 10 communities were collected, including 415 males and 1 125 females, aged from 45 to 80 years old with the average of (63.02±7.15) years old; the height was (161.34±7.24) cm, the weight was (65.90±10.19) kg, body mass index was (25.29±3.32) kg /m2. Bone mineral density (BMD) of lumbar vertebrae (L1-L4) and both hips were measured by dual energy X ray absorptiometry (DEXA). The differences of bone mineral density and bone mass in different age groups were evaluated, and the relevance ratio of osteoporosis in different parts of the subjects was calculated. Elbow venous blood was collected on an empty stomach, and the gender differences of serum bone metabolic markers were detected and compared. RESULTS: The level of ß-CTX was(0.27±0.12) ng /ml, procollanen type 1 N-terminal propeptide(P1NP) was(51.03± 22.36) ng /ml, 25(OH) D3 was (16.68±6.24) ng /ml, serum calcium was(2.34±0.09) mmol / L, blood phosphorus was (1.43± 0.37) mmol / L, and blood magnesium was (0.94±0.07) mmol / L, alkaline phosphatase was (79.28±20.48) U/ L, parathyroid hormone was (3.09±1.60) pmol / L, osteocalcin was (13.29±6.65) ng /ml. Except for blood magnesium, the other indexes had significant differences between different sex groups(P<0.05). Results of T value of bone mineral density and level of bone mass showed that bone mineral density of lumbar vertebrae and both hips fluctuated and decreased with the increase of age, and there were significant differences in level of bone mass among different age groups in women(P<0.05), and except lumbar vertebrae in males, there were significant differences in other parts of bone mass among different age groups (P<0.05). The relevance ratio of lumbar osteoporosis, left hip osteoporosis, and right hip osteoporosis was 27.89%, 14.80% and 14.47%, respectively. CONCLUSION: There are obvious differences in relevance ratio of osteoporosis and low bone mass among different sites. It is suggested that the clinical diagnosis of osteoporosis should be combined with bone mineral density and bone metabolic markers. With the increasing prevalence of osteoporosis among middle aged and elderly people in Beijing community, continuous follow-up research based on community primary health care units could promote early examination, early diagnosis, and early treatment of middle aged and elderly people at high risk of osteoporosis in community.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Osteoporose , Absorciometria de Fóton , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pequim/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/epidemiologia
11.
Arch Osteoporos ; 15(1): 151, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33005974

RESUMO

This is the first study to examine the potential association of adherence to the healthy eating index-2015 (HEI-2015) and bone health. Findings suggest that better diet quality (i.e., a higher HEI-2015 score) is significantly associated with a small but clinically important increase in bone mineral density among adult Iranian women. PURPOSE: The HEI-2015 is a multidimensional measure of diet quality used to assess how well people's dietary behaviors align with key recommendations of the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans for achieving a healthy dietary pattern. We examined the potential association of the HEI-2015 and bone mineral density (BMD) among adult Iranian women, hypothesizing that a higher HEI-2015 score is associated with greater BMD. METHODS: Four-hundred sixteen participants (mean age 48.0 years; 64.7% premenopausal) participated in this cross-sectional study. Lumbar spine and femoral neck BMDs were measured via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Dietary intakes were assessed using a valid and reliable food frequency questionnaire. The HEI-2015 score was calculated based on dietary intakes of 13 components emphasized or minimized in the HEI-2015. The higher the HEI-2015 score, the better the diet quality. RESULTS: After adjusting for potential covariates in the multiple linear regression analysis, higher HEI-2015 scores were associated with greater lumbar spine and femoral neck BMDs (lumbar spine: standardized beta-coefficient [ß] = 0.292; femoral neck: ß = 0.192; both P < 0.001). Similar significant associations were found among premenopausal (lumbar spine: ß = 0.337; femoral neck: ß = 0.262; both P < 0.001) and postmenopausal women (lumbar spine: ß = 0.198; femoral neck: ß = 0.287; both P < 0.050). Overall, every 10-unit increase in the HEI-2015 score was associated with a 0.03 g/cm2 higher multivariable-adjusted BMD at both lumbar spine and femoral neck (both P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that better diet quality, as indicated by a higher HEI-2015 score, is significantly associated with a small but clinically important increase in BMD among adult Iranian women.


Assuntos
Absorciometria de Fóton/métodos , Densidade Óssea , Dieta Saudável/etnologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240084, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052943

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic performance of chest computed tomography (CT) for opportunistic screening and longitudinal follow-up of osteoporosis in breast cancer patients, compared to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The association between L1 vertebral attenuation on chest CT and incidental fracture was also evaluated. We retrospectively reviewed 414 consecutive breast cancer patients who underwent both non-enhanced chest CT and DXA within a 3-month interval and had at least two DXA and two chest CT examinations over more than 1 year. The attenuation value of the L1 trabecular bone was measured on an axial CT image and compared to the corresponding DXA T-score. The diagnostic performance of L1 vertebral attenuation on CT for osteoporosis was calculated at different thresholds (90 HU, 100 HU, 110 HU), and the correlation between L1 vertebral attenuation values and DXA T-scores was statistically analyzed. Overall fracture-free survival was estimated and compared with the threshold of 90 HU on CT and -2.5 T-score on DXA. Of 414 patients (median age, 53.0 years), 88 (21.3%) had either vertebral or non-vertebral fractures. The median follow-up duration between initial and final DXA was 902.9 days. There was a moderate correlation between L1 vertebral attenuation value and DXA T-score (ρ = 0.684, CI 0.653-0.712). Fracture-free survival was significantly lower in patients with attenuation values ≤90 HU on CT and T-scores ≤-2.5 on DXA (P < .001). Multivariate analysis revealed that attenuation values ≤90 HU on CT (P < .001), T-scores ≤-2.5 on DXA (P = .003), and age ≥65 years (P = .03) were independent significant prognostic factors associated with overall fracture-free survival. The sensitivities and specificities of L1 attenuation value were 54.9% and 85.8% at 90-HU threshold, 74.0% and78.4% at 100-HU threshold, and 83.9% and 70.1% at 110-HU threshold, respectively. In conclusion, CT can be used for predicting osteoporosis and discriminating incidental fracture risk in breast cancer patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Osteoporose/diagnóstico , Tórax/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Absorciometria de Fóton , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/complicações , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Risco , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico
13.
Lancet ; 396(10252): 684-692, 2020 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891212

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are no effective therapies for achondroplasia. An open-label study suggested that vosoritide administration might increase growth velocity in children with achondroplasia. This phase 3 trial was designed to further assess these preliminary findings. METHODS: This randomised, double-blind, phase 3, placebo-controlled, multicentre trial compared once-daily subcutaneous administration of vosoritide with placebo in children with achondroplasia. The trial was done in hospitals at 24 sites in seven countries (Australia, Germany, Japan, Spain, Turkey, the USA, and the UK). Eligible patients had a clinical diagnosis of achondroplasia, were ambulatory, had participated for 6 months in a baseline growth study and were aged 5 to less than 18 years at enrolment. Randomisation was done by means of a voice or web-response system, stratified according to sex and Tanner stage. Participants, investigators, and trial sponsor were masked to group assignment. Participants received either vosoritide 15·0 µg/kg or placebo, as allocated, for the duration of the 52-week treatment period administered by daily subcutaneous injections in their homes by trained caregivers. The primary endpoint was change from baseline in mean annualised growth velocity at 52 weeks in treated patients as compared with controls. All randomly assigned patients were included in the efficacy analyses (n=121). All patients who received one dose of vosoritide or placebo (n=121) were included in the safety analyses. The trial is complete and is registered, with EudraCT, number, 2015-003836-11. FINDINGS: All participants were recruited from Dec 12, 2016, to Nov 7, 2018, with 60 assigned to receive vosoritide and 61 to receive placebo. Of 124 patients screened for eligibility, 121 patients were randomly assigned, and 119 patients completed the 52-week trial. The adjusted mean difference in annualised growth velocity between patients in the vosoritide group and placebo group was 1·57 cm/year in favour of vosoritide (95% CI [1·22-1·93]; two-sided p<0·0001). A total of 119 patients had at least one adverse event; vosoritide group, 59 (98%), and placebo group, 60 (98%). None of the serious adverse events were considered to be treatment related and no deaths occurred. INTERPRETATION: Vosoritide is an effective treatment to increase growth in children with achondroplasia. It is not known whether final adult height will be increased, or what the harms of long-term therapy might be. FUNDING: BioMarin Pharmaceutical.


Assuntos
Acondroplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeo Natriurético Tipo C/análogos & derivados , Osteogênese , Absorciometria de Fóton , Acondroplasia/sangue , Adolescente , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estatura , Densidade Óssea , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Colágeno Tipo X/sangue , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Reação no Local da Injeção , Injeções Subcutâneas , Masculino , Peptídeo Natriurético Tipo C/uso terapêutico
14.
Arch Osteoporos ; 15(1): 149, 2020 09 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32964330

RESUMO

The effects of gluteal implants on bone mass remain unclear. Transgender women with ILS presented higher BMD in the hip compared with transgender women without implants, while no difference was observed in other sites. These results may be artifactual and suggest using spine/forearm sites for DXA in individuals with ILS. PURPOSE: The inappropriate use of industrial liquid silicone (ILS) injections for cosmetic purposes is practiced by some transgender women. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of gluteal ILS on femur BMD in transgender women. METHODS: A total of 46 trans women with and without ILS injection in the gluteal region were selected. All patients underwent clinical and hormonal evaluation, and bone mass was assessed by DXA. RESULTS: Bone mineral density (BMD) values were significantly higher in trans women with ILS (n = 23) in femoral neck and total femur when compared with trans women without implants (n = 23). Similar BMD was observed in other sites, such as lumbar spine and forearm. Good agreement was found in the evaluation of low BMD using spine/forearm or spine/femur in patients without implants (k = 0.744 and 1.000 for male and female reference database, respectively), but poor to fair index was found in patients with ILS implants (k = 0.330 and 0.646 for male and female reference database, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In transgender women with ILS implants, poor to moderate agreement was found on BMD when comparing lumbar spine/femur DXA with an alternative site to the femur, depending on using male or female database. These results may be artifactual and suggest using spine/forearm sites for more accurate DXA assessments in trans women with ILS gluteal implants.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Implantes de Mama , Pessoas Transgênero , Absorciometria de Fóton , Implantes de Mama/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Colo do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Silicones
15.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(4): 431-438, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985155

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between sleep quality and bone mineral density (BMD) in urban residents. METHODS: Data of 28 756 Han adults (14 355 males and 14 401 females), who completed both Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) assessment and radial BMD tests by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry in the Health Management Center of Southwest China University from June 2012 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The degree of sleep disorder was determined based on PSQI scores, while osteopenia and osteoporosis was diagnosed according to BMD T-value. The χ2 test and multiple regression model were used to investigate the relationship between sleep quality and BMD. RESULTS: The numbers of normal BMD, osteoponia and osteoporosis were 17 039 (59.3%), 7916(27.5%) and 3801(13.2%), respectively. The mean PSQI score was 5.6±1.4 points. According to PSQI scores, there were 15 936 subjects without sleep disorder (55.4%), 5965 with mild (20.7%), 4897 with moderate (17.0%) and 1958 with severe sleep disorder (6.8%), respectively. There was no significant difference in osteoponia/osteoporosis rate between subjects with mild sleep disorder and normal ones (χ2=0.948, P>0.05), while the rate of osteoporosis in moderate sleep disorder group was higher than that in mild group (χ2=525.583, P<0.01), and the rate of osteoponia/osteoporosis in severe sleep disorder group was much higher than that in moderate group (χ2=1124.877, P<0.01). Multiple regression results showed that female, elders, mental labor, smoking and higher PSQI scores were independently associated with lower T-value (all P<0.05), while moderate to intense daily physical activity was associated with higher T-value (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Sleep disturbances may be a major risk factor for BMD loss in urban residents, indicating that it would be a potential target of osteoporosis prevention.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Osteoporose/complicações , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/complicações , Sono , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia
16.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0237984, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals may have osteoporosis. We aimed to evaluate the bone mineral density (BMD) in naïve antiretroviral (ARV) treated HIV positive patients comparing native Italian group (ItG) to a Migrants group (MiG) upon arrival in Italy. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study on 83 HIV patients less than 50 years old. We used the dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) within six months from the HIV diagnosis. Participants were categorized as having low BMD if the femoral neck or total lumbar spine Z-score was- 2 or less. RESULTS: MiG showed low BMD more often than ItG (37.5% vs.13.6%), especially for the female gender (16.7% vs. 0.0%). A low CD4 rate (<200 cells/µl) was most often detected in MiG than ItG. In particular, we found most often male Italians with abnormal CD4 than male migrants (67.8% vs. 33.3%) and vice versa for females (30.5% vs. 66.7%). We found an abnormal bone mineral density at the lumbar site. Low BMD at the lumbar site was more frequently observed in female migrants than female Italians. Both male and female migrants had a Z-score value significantly lower than male and female Italians, respectively. By logistic regression low vitamin-D level was positively correlated to low BMD in ItG only. All data were verified and validated using a triple code identifier. CONCLUSIONS: Both DXA and vitamin-D evaluation should be offered after the diagnosis of HIV infection. Lumbar site low BMD is an initial condition of bone loss in HIV young patients, especially in female migrants. Vitamin D levels and supplementation may be considered after HIV diagnosis independently of age to improve bone health. HIGHLIGHTS: This study evaluates the frequency of bone mineral density in HIV positive patients naive to antiretroviral therapy. It compares the density of the native Italian population with that of HIV Migrants upon arrival in Italy. The results show that HIV positive migrants, even if younger than 50 years of age, are at risk for osteoporosis, especially if they are female.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea/fisiologia , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adulto , Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Itália , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/etnologia , Osteoporose/etiologia , Osteoporose/patologia , Fatores Sexuais , Migrantes , Vitamina D/sangue
17.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 75: e1766, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876107

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-derived bone mineral density (BMD) often fails to predict fragility fractures. Quantitative textural analysis using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may potentially yield useful radiomic features to predict fractures. We aimed to investigate the correlation between BMD and texture attributes (TAs) extracted from MRI scans and the interobserver reproducibility of the analysis. METHODS: Forty-nine volunteers underwent lumbar spine 1.5-T MRI and DXA. Three-dimensional (3-D) gray-level co-occurrence matrices were measured from routine sagittal T2 fast spin-echo images using the IBEX software. Twenty-two TAs were extracted from 3-D segmented L3 vertebrae. The estimated concordance coefficient was calculated using linear regression analysis. A Pearson correlation coefficient analysis was performed to evaluate the correlation between BMD and the TAs. Interobserver reproducibility was assessed with the concordance coefficient described by Lin. RESULTS: The results revealed a fair-to-moderate significant correlation between BMD and 13 TAs (r=-0.20 to 0.39; p<0.05). Eight TAs (autocorrelation, energy, homogeneity 1, homogeneity 1.1, maximum probability, sum average, sum variance, and inverse difference normalized) negatively correlated with BMD (r=-0.20 to -0.38; p<0.05), whereas five TAs (dissimilarity, difference entropy, entropy, sum entropy, and information measure corr 1) positively correlated with BMD (r=0.29-0.39; p<0.05). The interobserver agreement was almost perfect for all significant TAs (95% confidence interval, 0.92-1.00; p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Specific TAs could be reliably extracted from routine MRI and correlated with BMD. Our results encourage future evaluation of the potential usefulness of quantitative texture measurements from MRI scans for predicting fragility fractures.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Vértebras Lombares , Absorciometria de Fóton , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
18.
Arch Osteoporos ; 15(1): 142, 2020 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32918631

RESUMO

T-score discordance between hip and spine is a common problem in the diagnosis of osteoporosis based on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Not much information on the prevalence and risk factors of this problem is available in Malaysia. Our study found that factors like age, height, physical activity and menopausal status should be taken into account in the diagnosis of osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: T-score discordance between hip and spine is a common problem in bone mineral density assessment. A difference ≥ 1 standard deviation (SD) (regardless of diagnostic class) is considered minor, and a difference more than one diagnostic class is considered major discordance. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and factors of hip and spine T-score discordance in a population aged ≥ 40 years in Klang Valley, Malaysia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, subjects answered a demographic questionnaire and underwent body composition and bone health assessment using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Chi-square and binary logistic regression analysis were used to assess the prevalence of T-score discordance among the subjects. RESULTS: A total of 786 Malaysians (382 men, 404 women) subjects were recruited. The prevalence of minor and major discordance was 30.3% and 2.3%, respectively. Overall, factors related to T-score discordance were advanced age, decreased height, and being physically active. Sub-analysis showed that decreased height and being physically active predicted T-score discordance in men, being menopausal and Indian (vs Chinese) were predictors in women. CONCLUSIONS: T-score discordance between hip and spine is common among Malaysian middle-aged and elderly population. Diagnosis of osteopenia/osteoporosis should be based on the T-score of more than one skeletal site as per the current recommendations.


Assuntos
Absorciometria de Fóton/métodos , Densidade Óssea/fisiologia , Osteoporose/diagnóstico , Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Malásia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Prevalência
19.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 20(10): 943-950, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886830

RESUMO

AIM: To re-evaluate the suitability of calf circumference as a surrogate marker of low muscle mass measured by both bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). We also examined the effects of obesity and age on low muscle mass screening using calf circumference. METHODS: In total, 1239 adults participated in this cross-sectional study. We measured the maximum calf circumference in a standing position and appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) using BIA and DXA. We defined low muscle mass based on the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia 2019 consensus. RESULTS: Calf circumference was positively correlated with BIA-measured ASM/height2 (men: r = 0.81, women: r = 0.73) and DXA-measured ASM/height2 (men: r = 0.78, women: r = 0.76). In the subgroup analyses by obesity and age, calf circumference was also positively correlated with ASM/height2 . The optimal calf circumference cut-offs for low muscle mass screening measured by BIA and DXA were 35 cm (sensitivity 91%, specificity 84%) and 36 cm (sensitivity 82%, specificity 80%) for men, and 33 cm (sensitivity 82%, specificity 84%) and 34 cm (sensitivity 85%, specificity 72%) for women, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Calf circumference is positively correlated with BIA- and DXA-measured muscle mass regardless of obesity and age and is a simple and accurate surrogate marker of muscle mass for diagnosing sarcopenia. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2020; 20: 943-950.


Assuntos
Perna (Membro)/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Composição Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Impedância Elétrica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
20.
Maturitas ; 140: 34-40, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972633

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of individual components of unfavorable body composition and their combinations on quality of life (QoL) among middle-aged and older adults. METHODS: Data from 1779 participants (53.1 % female; mean age 63.9 ± 9.2 years) from the I-Lan Longitudinal Aging Study were analyzed in this study. Demographic characteristics of all participants and data from anthropometric measurements, functional assessments, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans, and surveys of QoL were obtained. Low skeletal muscle mass was defined by the Asian Working Group of Sarcopenia consensus, and obesity was defined by waist circumference (WC), body fat percentage, or body mass index (BMI). QoL was assessed by the 12-Item Short Form Health Survey version 2, which was divided into the physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS). The composite score was determined based on the items of unfavorable body composition. Independent associations between unfavorable body composition components and QoL were evaluated by the multivariate linear regression model. Z transformation was performed to facilitate evaluation between different components of body composition and their relationship with QoL. RESULTS: All definitions of obesity were significantly associated with a lower PCS score (WC: ß=-1.2, SE = 0.3, p < 0.001; body fat percentage: ß=-1.0, SE = 0.3, p < 0.001; BMI: ß=-0.9, SE = 0.3, p = 0.002 in the fully adjusted model). The PCS score decreased linearly as the composite score of unfavorable body composition increased, especially when obesity was defined by WC (score = 1: ß=-0.7, SE = 0.4, p = 0.053, score = 2: ß=-1.1, SE = 0.4, p = 0.008; score = 3: ß=-2.4, SE = 1.0, p = 0.013). After Z transformation, obesity was significantly negatively associated with the PCS score (ß=-0.9∼-0.2, SE = 0.1∼0.2, p values all less than 0.01). In contrast, a one-standard-deviation increase in WC was associated with a significantly higher MCS score (ß = 0.3, SE = 0.1, p = 0.019). CONCLUSIONS: Community-dwelling middle-aged and older people with obesity had significantly lower PCS scores, and the effect was enhanced when low skeletal muscle mass or osteopenia/osteoporosis was present. Central obesity was the only unfavorable body composition parameter with negative effects on both the physical and the mental domains of QoL. Further longitudinal or intervention studies are needed to evaluate the impact on QoL of changes in body composition that occur with aging.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas , Obesidade , Qualidade de Vida , Sarcopenia , Absorciometria de Fóton , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Vida Independente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Circunferência da Cintura
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