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Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 53 Suppl 1: e20200313, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844903


The present work analyses some particular aspects of Oswaldo Cruz's unique biography, valuing his work, which was built along a successful physician and scientist professional trajectory and also as a courageous and fortunate formulator of public health policies and of fight strategies against the epidemics that seasonally affected the city of Rio de Janeiro at the beginning of the 20th century. The authors also dwell on his legacy as Head scientist and manager of the Institute that bears his name and became the template for experimental research and medicine in Brazil and the bedrock of the Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, one of the most important Brazilian Institutions devoted to teaching, research, development and production in health. This heritage made possible to overcome the existing dissensions between doctors and scientists to build a sanitary movement committed to the major health problems in Brazil. Finally, the paper explores some features of the character and reports some of his moments during his passage, as a Full Academician, at the Brazilian Academia Nacional de Medicina.

Academias e Institutos/história , Saúde Pública/história , Medicina Tropical/história , Pesquisa Biomédica/história , Brasil , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306595


The article is devoted to the academician I. D. Strashun, constitutor of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, prominent scientist, hygienist, historian of medicine and notable specialist in the field of medical education and health care organization. During the years of restoration of national economy after the end of the Great Patriotic War, the extremely important issue in the activity of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR was implementation of ideological political work with scientists, also supposing unmasking false scientists worshiping bourgeois science. The academician I. D. Strashun too got into millstones of the "struggle against cosmopolitanism". The article uses materials from the personal files of academician I. D. Strashun belonging to the scientific archive of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences.

Academias e Institutos/história , Educação Médica , Medicina Militar/história , Educação Médica/história , História do Século XX , Humanos , Federação Russa , I Guerra Mundial
J. negat. no posit. results ; 5(2): 141-155, feb. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194005


Se analiza desde el origen de las Reales Academias, sus objetivos y actividades, por qué se crearon y como han evolucionado. Luego se hace un desarrollo especifico de la Real Academia Nacional de Medicina y se pormenoriza una a una las Reales Academias de Medicina de cada autonomía para finalizar con las dos últimas academias creada en el siglo XXI, la de Cantabria (2003) y la de Castilla la Mancha (2019)

It is analyzed from the origin of the Royal Academies, their objectives and activities, because they were created and how they have evolved. Then a specific development of the Royal National Academy of Medicine is made and the Royal Academies of Medicine of each autonomy are detailed one by one to end with the last two academies created in the 21st century, that of Cantabria (2003) and that of Castilla La Mancha (2019)

Humanos , Sociedades Médicas/tendências , Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , Sociedades Científicas/tendências , Academias e Institutos/história , Espanha , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração
Arch Cardiol Mex ; 90(1): 77-80, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996863


This article summarizes the life of Ignacio Chávez Rivera, one of the six most valuable directors that the National Institute of Cardiology has had "Ignacio Chávez Sánchez," founder of the same and father of the aforementioned. His time in life left a clear example to emulate both in the scientific, academic and teaching as well as in the human, family, social and friendly, which make him in the most outstanding student of Master Chávez. His time in life at the National Academy of Medicine, the National Autonomous University of Mexico, the Interamerican Society of Cardiology, the Mexican Society of Cardiology and the Institute itself, has left an indelible mark on these Institutions. The National Institute of Cardiology bows reverently to the figure of Ignacio Chávez Rivera.

Academias e Institutos/história , Cardiologia/história , História do Século XX , Humanos , México
Gac Med Mex ; 155(6): 641-646, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787763


This paper analyzes the situation and the changes made in the Institute of Sanitary and Tropical Diseases between 1965 and 1989 to become the National Institute of Epidemiological Diagnosis and Reference. Three major stages are identified during this period: crisis, transition and renewal. The factors that led to the crisis, the decisions made to overcome it and to harmonize the work of laboratories with epidemiological and public health criteria are discussed. The recognition obtained by researchers of the Institute despite the crisis is described, as well as the way the institution managed to continue with projects despite the changing global situation. The transition included the arrival of a new generation of professionals with modern computer-based and conceptual tools and the remarkably well met challenge of participating in national surveys with rigorous criteria. All this moved the institution to define its profile towards diagnosis and reference.

Academias e Institutos/história , Saúde Pública/história , Medicina Tropical/história , História do Século XX , Humanos , México
Gac Med Mex ; 155(5): 554-558, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695239


Gaceta Médica de México, official journal of the National Academy of Medicine of Mexico, began its circulation on September 15, 1864, and continues to be positioned as the oldest medical periodical publication. However, its publication was temporarily interrupted. The present study analyzes the interruption suffered by Gaceta in 1916, its resumption in 1919, and the causes that originated that discontinuity. The consequences of the so-called Mexican revolution and the enthusiasm and commitment of the academy and its editors to continue working for the progress of national medicine are discussed.

Academias e Institutos/história , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/história , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , México , Fatores de Tempo
Gac Med Mex ; 155(4): 391-398, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486790


The period that starts in 1940 is crucial for the creation of Mexico's modern health system. The Institute of Sanitary and Tropical Diseases is the pioneer institution in health research and on its first two decades it achieved maturity and consolidated lines of research expressed in almost 1700 publications. It also obtained notorious international visibility and was selected as a regional reference for epidemiological surveillance of influenza, streptococcus and salmonella. Its evolution took place with an innovation rhythm that would be decreasing by the end of this period. It faced limitations to renew lines of research, researchers and laboratory equipment. However, its role in public health decisions of the country remained central.

Assistência à Saúde/história , Saúde Pública/história , Pesquisa/história , Academias e Institutos/história , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , História do Século XX , Humanos , México
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos ; 26(3): 801-822, 2019 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531577


The article analyzes the education and training of the physician Antônio Luis Cavalcanti de Albuquerque de Barros Barreto, who studied at both the Rio de Janeiro Faculty of Medicine and Oswaldo Cruz Institute and who promoted the Rockefeller Foundation's project in Brazil. An examination of a will, oral accounts, Barros Barreto's medical thesis, and newspaper reports reveals characteristics of the class of 1913 at the Oswaldo Cruz Institute Specialization Program and shows how these students engaged in the foundation's international health initiatives. The text demonstrates how the idea of partnering with the foundation fueled controversies, impelled negotiations, and led to concessions in states where the foundation had yet to establish its presence, as in Pernambuco.

Academias e Institutos/história , Fundações/história , Internacionalidade/história , Brasil , Educação Médica/história , História do Século XX , Médicos/história
Rev. medica electron ; 41(4): 1076-1081, jul.-ago. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1102764


Nicolás Gutiérrez Hernández es recordado como uno de los más grandes y respetados médicos en la historia de Cuba. Pionero en la introducción de avanzados procedimientos médicos durante el siglo XIX, fue además, el artífice de la fundación en 1861 de la Real Academia de Ciencias Médicas, Físicas y Naturales de La Habana (AU).

Nicolas Gutiérrez Hernández is remembered as one of the biggest and more estimated physicians of the Cuban history. Pioneer in the introduction of advanced medical procedures during the 19th century, he also was the artificer of the foundation of the Academy of Medical, Physical and Natural Sciences of Havana (AU).

Humanos , Masculino , História do Século XIX , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/história , Médicos/história , Biografia , Academias e Institutos/história , História da Medicina , Distinções e Prêmios