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1.
Orthop Clin North Am ; 51(2): 177-188, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138856

RESUMO

There exists an unmet need for locally relevant and sustainable orthopedic research in low- and middle-income countries. Partnerships between high-income countries and low- and middle-income countries can bridge gaps in resources, knowledge, infrastructure, and skill. This article presents a select list of models for high-income countries/low- and middle-income countries research partnerships including academic partnerships, international research consortia, professional society-associated working groups, and nongovernmental organization partnerships. Models that produce research with lasting legacy are those that promote mutually beneficial partnerships over individual gains.


Assuntos
Academias e Institutos/organização & administração , Pesquisa Biomédica/organização & administração , Países em Desenvolvimento , Ortopedia/organização & administração , Pesquisa Biomédica/economia , Países em Desenvolvimento/economia , Saúde Global , Relações Interinstitucionais , América do Norte , Organizações/economia , Organizações/organização & administração , Ortopedia/economia , Pobreza
6.
Health Res Policy Syst ; 17(1): 77, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382967

RESUMO

The Sanitation and Hygiene Applied Research for Equity (SHARE) Research Programme consortium is a programme funded by the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID) that aims to contribute to achieving universal access to effective, sustainable, and equitable sanitation and hygiene worldwide. The capacity development component is an important pillar for this programme and different strategies were designed and implemented during the various phases of SHARE. This paper describes and reflects on the capacity-building strategies of this large multi-country research consortium, identifying lessons learnt and proposing recommendations for future global health research programmes. In the first phase, the strategy focused on increasing the capacity of individuals and institutions from low- and middle-income countries in conducting their own research. SHARE supported six PhD students and 25 MSc students, and organised a wide range of training events for different stakeholders. SHARE peer-reviewed all proposals that researchers submitted through several rounds of funding and offered external peer-review for all the reports produced under the partner's research platforms. In the second phase, the aim was to support capacity development of a smaller number of African research institutions to move towards their independent sustainability, with a stronger focus on early and mid-career scientists within these institutions. In each institution, a Research Fellow was supported and a specific capacity development plan was jointly developed.Strategies that yielded success were learning by doing (supporting institutions and postgraduate students on sanitation and hygiene research), providing fellowships to appoint mid-career scientists to support personal and institutional development, and supporting tailored capacity-building plans. The key lessons learnt were that research capacity-building programmes need to be driven by local initiatives tailored with support from partners. We recommend that future programmes seeking to strengthen research capacity should consider targeted strategies for individuals at early, middle and later career stages and should be sensitive to other institutional operations to support both the research and management capacities.


Assuntos
Academias e Institutos/organização & administração , Fortalecimento Institucional/organização & administração , Higiene/normas , Pesquisa/organização & administração , Saneamento/métodos , África , Ásia , Países em Desenvolvimento , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional , Saneamento/normas , Reino Unido
8.
Perspect Biol Med ; 62(2): 189-215, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31281118

RESUMO

Credit for scientific discovery plays a central role in the reward structure of science. As the "currency of the realm," it powerfully influences the norms and institutional practices of the research ecosystem. Though most scientists enter the field for reasons other than desiring credit, once in the field they desire credit for their work. In addition to being a source of pleasure, credit and recognition are necessary for successful careers. The consensus among sociologists, philosophers, and economists is that pursuit of credit increases the efficiency of the scientific enterprise. Publishing results in a scholarly journal is the core approach to obtaining credit and priority, and the publishing landscape is undergoing dramatic change. As research groups get larger and more interdisciplinary, and scholarly journals proliferate, allocating credit has become more difficult. Awards and prizes further contribute to credit by recognizing prior attributions and articulating new credit attributions through their decisions. Patents can have a complex relationship to credit, and disputes over authorship and credit are common and difficult to adjudicate. Pathologic pursuit of credit adversely affects the scientific enterprise. Academic institutions assess credit in appointment and promotion decisions, and are best positioned to assume responsibility for addressing problems with the credit ecosystem. Several possible remedies are presented.


Assuntos
Autoria , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Pesquisadores , Pesquisa , Academias e Institutos/organização & administração , Distinções e Prêmios , Humanos , Motivação , Patentes como Assunto , Pesquisa/organização & administração , Pesquisadores/psicologia , Publicações Seriadas
13.
Gac Med Mex ; 155(3): 322-327, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31219477

RESUMO

Lázaro Cárdenas government vision, and the process to create the Sanitary and Tropical Diseases Institute, which is considered strategic for public health, were consistent with the actions that were carried out: the Department of Public Sanitary asked the most relevant scientist of those days, Eliseo Ramírez, to design and follow-up the Institute's project. A commission of the Higher Education and Scientific Research Council reviewed and approved the project and conferred this institution its nature of research center with social and humanistic vocation since its foundation. Sanitary and Tropical Diseases Institute became the first post-revolutionary health institution that was born with well-remunerated job positions to conduct full-time research in Mexico, offering clinical services, teaching and supporting disease prevention and control campaigns. It was with no doubt a milestone in Mexican public health and crystalized the expectations of several generations of physicians and health researchers about having a high-level institution. It is the most significant public health institution of the country, with a new phase as Institute of Epidemiological Diagnosis and Reference. Without it, Mexican modern public health cannot be understood.


Assuntos
Academias e Institutos/história , Saúde Pública , Academias e Institutos/organização & administração , Pesquisa Biomédica/história , Assistência à Saúde/história , História do Século XX , Humanos , México
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