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2.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48221

RESUMO

A Plataforma JF Salvando Todos publica vídeos informativos com os dados atualizados sobre a evolução do coronavírus em Juiz de Fora-MG. A proposta da série de vídeos curtos, com duração de aproximadamente um minuto, é oferecer uma alternativa de conteúdo multimídia dinâmico, acessível e eficiente para informar à população. O projeto é elaborado por estudantes do curso de estatística sob a orientação de docentes da Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (UFJF).


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Pneumonia Viral , Acesso à Informação , Multimídia
3.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0252062, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34029357

RESUMO

Transparency of Chinese media coverage became an international controversy when the COVID-19 outbreak initially emerged in Wuhan, the eventual crisis epicenter in China. Unlike studies characterizing mass media in authoritarian contexts as government mouthpieces during a crisis, this study aims to disaggregate Chinese media practices to uncover differences in when, where, and how the severity of COVID-19 was reported. We examine differences in how media institutions reported the severity of the COVID-19 epidemic in China during the pre-crisis period from 1 January 2020 to 20 January 2020 in terms of both the "vertical" or hierarchical positions of media institutions in the Chinese media ecosystem and the "horizontal" positions of media institutions' social proximity to Wuhan in terms of geographical human traffic flows. We find that the coverage of crisis severity is negatively associated with the media's social proximity to Wuhan, but the effect varies depending on the positional prominence of a news article and situation severity. Implications of the institutions' differentiated reporting strategies on future public health reporting in an authoritarian context are also discussed.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , COVID-19/epidemiologia , China , Revelação/legislação & jurisprudência , Revelação/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/legislação & jurisprudência , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Estatísticos , Sistemas Políticos
5.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 952021 May 27.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34042088

RESUMO

The impact and the universality of the pandemic by SARS-CoV-2 has caused the need to have information quickly and accessible for the benefit of decision-making among healthcare professionals. In 10 months the scientific production on this new coronavirus has exceeded the number of 66 thousand articles, according to the LitCovid database, created by the National Library of Medicine, doubling and tripling every few weeks. This same urgency has characterized some of the main features of this voluminous production, in addition to its continuous and exponential growth, such as greater dissemination in open access and preprint repositories, a certain acceleration in the manuscript review process by editorials and an abundance of opinion articles, recommendations or comments compared to a smaller number of original articles with clinical data from large groups of patients.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , COVID-19 , Editoração/tendências , Acesso à Informação , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/terapia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Bases de Dados Factuais , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Saúde Global , Humanos , Pandemias
6.
Artigo em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-53901

RESUMO

[RESUMEN]. Objetivo. Describir el comportamiento de la diseminación de noticias falsas en el contexto de la mortalidad por COVID-19 y el manejo de la infodemia en seis países latinoamericanos. Métodos. Estudio ecológico descriptivo que explora el porcentaje de la población con incapacidad para reconocer las noticias falsas, el porcentaje de confianza en el contenido de las redes sociales y el porcentaje de su uso como única fuente de noticias en Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, México y Perú hasta el 29 de noviembre del 2020. Se calculó el índice de penetración de Internet en cada país, la tasa de penetración de Facebook y la tasa de mortalidad por la COVID-19. La información sobre las medidas implementadas se obtuvo mediante búsquedas bibliográficas y en portales gubernamentales y de noticias de los países seleccionados, según las cinco áreas de acción propuestas por la Organización Mundial de la Salud: identificación de la evidencia, trasmisión de la ciencia y el conocimiento, acciones amplificadas, cuantificación del impacto, y coordinación y gobernanza. Resultados. Chile y Argentina fueron los países con los mayores índices de penetración de Internet (92,4% y 92,0%, respectivamente) y también están entre los que mayor uso hacen de las redes sociales como único medio para la obtención de noticias (32,0% y 28,0%, respectivamente); Brasil y Colombia mostraron un comportamiento intermedio en ambos indicadores. México tiene el uso más alto de redes sociales, mientras Perú y Colombia presentaron los mayores valores del índice de incapacidad para reconocer noticias falsas. Conclusiones. Se observó que en los países con menor uso de las redes sociales como único medio para la obtención de la información y menor confianza en el contenido de redes sociales, las tasas de mortalidad fueron también menores.


[ABSTRACT]. Objective. Describe patterns in the dissemination of fake news in the context of COVID-19 mortality and infodemic management in six Latin American countries. Methods. A descriptive ecological study explored the percentage of the population that is unable to recognize fake news, the percentage who trust social network content, and the percentage who use it as their sole news source in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru, up to 29 November 2020. Internet penetration rate, Facebook penetration rate, and COVID-19 mortality were calculated for each country. Information was obtained from literature searches and government and news portals in the selected countries, according to the World Health Organization’s five proposed action areas: identifying evidence, translating knowledge and science, amplifying action, quantifying impact, and coordination and governance. Results. Chile and Argentina were the countries with the greatest internet penetration rates (92.4% and 92.0%, respectively) and were also among the heaviest users of social media as their only means of obtaining news (32.0% and 28.0%, respectively). Brazil and Colombia showed intermediate behavior for both indicators. Mexico had the highest use of social networks, while Peru and Colombia had the highest indices of inability to recognize fake news. Conclusions. It was observed that in countries with less use of social networks as the sole means for obtaining information and less trust in social network content, mortality was also lower.


[RESUMO]. Objetivo. Descrever o comportamento da disseminação de notícias falsas no contexto da mortalidade por COVID-19 e controle da infodemia em seis países latino-americanos. Métodos. Estudo ecológico descritivo que explora o percentual da população com dificuldade de identificar notícias falsas, o percentual de confiança no conteúdo das redes sociais e o percentual de uso das redes como única fonte de notícias na Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colômbia, México e Peru até 29 de novembro de 2020. Foram calculados o índice de penetração da internet, o índice de penetração do Facebook e a taxa de mortalidade por COVID-19 em cada país. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de pesquisas bibliográficas e em sites do governo e de notícias dos países selecionados segundo as cinco áreas de ação propostas pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS): identificar a evidência, transmitir ciência e conhecimento, amplificar ações, mensurar o impacto e coordenação e governança. Resultados. O Chile e a Argentina foram os países com os maiores índices de penetração da internet (92,4% e 92,0%, respectivamente) e estão entre os países com maior uso das redes sociais como única fonte de notícias (32,0% e 28,0%, respectivamente). O Brasil e a Colômbia tiveram um comportamento intermediário em ambos os indicadores. O México tem o maior uso das redes sociais e o Peru e a Colômbia apresentaram os maiores índices de dificuldade de identificar notícias falsas. Conclusões. Observou-se que, nos países com menor uso das redes sociais como única fonte para obter informação e menor confiança no conteúdo das redes sociais, a taxa de mortalidade também foi menor.


Assuntos
Comunicação em Saúde , Acesso à Informação , Infecções por Coronavirus , Redes Sociais Online , América Latina , Comunicação em Saúde , Acesso à Informação , Infecções por Coronavirus , Redes Sociais Online , América Latina , Comunicação em Saúde , Acesso à Informação , Infecções por Coronavirus , Redes Sociais Online , COVID-19
7.
Artigo em Português | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-53851

RESUMO

[RESUMO]. Objetivo. Identificar a existência ou ausência de estratégias para a gestão de infodemia nos ministérios da saúde de 10 países da região da América do Sul (Brasil, Argentina, Uruguai, Paraguai, Bolívia, Peru, Chile, Colômbia, Equador, Venezuela). Métodos. Definiu-se “estratégia” como o uso planejado de recursos para atingir ou concretizar determinados objetivos — sendo, neste caso, considerado como objetivo o combate à infodemia. Os sites eletrônicos oficiais dos ministérios da saúde dos países foram examinados de 28 de setembro a 10 de outubro de 2020 em busca de materiais, páginas eletrônicas ou aplicativos que sugerissem a existência de uma estratégia de combate à infodemia; informações sobre infodemia para cidadãos; e materiais comunicacionais como vídeos e cartazes. Ainda, utilizando “infodemia” como palavra-chave, foram buscados documentos oficiais (normativas, decretos, protocolos) que mencionassem medidas relacionadas à gestão da infodemia. Os resultados foram classificados em três categorias: existência de estratégia de gestão; existência de alguma ação de combate à infodemia; e ausência de informação sobre infodemia. Resultados. Dos 10 países analisados, apenas a Argentina possuía uma estratégia destinada à gestão da infodemia. Brasil, Chile, Equador e Paraguai apenas faziam menção ao tema no site de seus respectivos ministérios da saúde; e nenhuma menção foi encontrada nos sites dos ministérios da saúde de Bolívia, Colômbia, Peru, Uruguai e Venezuela. Conclusões. Os países estudados não fazem uso do conhecimento disponível acerca de estratégias de combate e gestão da infodemia.


[ABSTRACT]. Objective. To identify evidence of infodemic management strategies in the ministry of health websites in 10 South American countries (Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela). Method. “Strategy” was defined as the planned use of resources to achieve of materialize certain objectives — in this case, fighting the infodemic. The official ministry of health websites in each country were examined from 28 September to 10 October 2020 in search of materials, electronic pages or apps suggesting the existence of an infodemic management strategy, information about the infodemic for citizens, and communication materials such as videos and posters. Additionally, using “infodemic” as a keyword, official documents (rulings, decrees, protocols) mentioning infodemic management measures were searched. The results were classified into three categories: existence of an infodemic management strategy; existence of infodemic control actions; absence of information on the topic. Results. Of the 10 countries analyzed, only Argentina had an infodemic management strategy. Infodemic was mentioned as a topic in the ministry of health websites in Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, and Paraguay; and no mention was identified in the ministry of health websites in Bolivia, Colombia, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Conclusions. The studied countries do not make use of the available knowledge regarding infodemic management strategies.


[RESUMEN]. Objetivo. Determinar la existencia o la falta de estrategias para la gestión de la infodemia en los Ministerios de Salud de diez países de América del Sur (Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay, Perú, Uruguay y Venezuela). Métodos. Se definió el término “estrategia” como el uso planificado de recursos para alcanzar o concretar determinados objetivos y, para este último fin, se fijó como objetivo la lucha contra la infodemia. Del 28 de septiembre al 10 de octubre del 2020, se examinaron los sitios electrónicos oficiales de los Ministerios de Salud de los países en busca de materiales, páginas electrónicas o aplicaciones que indicaran la existencia de una estrategia para combatir la infodemia, datos sobre la infodemia para la ciudadanía y materiales de comunicación como videos y carteles. Con el término “infodemia” como palabra clave, se buscaron documentos oficiales (directrices, decretos y protocolos) que mencionaran medidas relacionadas con la gestión de la infodemia. Los resultados se clasificaron en tres categorías: la existencia de una estrategia de gestión, la existencia de alguna medida para combatir la infodemia y la falta de datos sobre la infodemia. Resultados. Entre los diez países analizados, solamente Argentina tenía una estrategia destinada a la gestión de la infodemia. Brasil, Chile, Ecuador y Paraguay apenas mencionaban el tema en el sitio web de sus respectivos Ministerios de Salud; y no se encontró ninguna mención en los sitios web de los Ministerios de Salud de Bolivia, Colombia, Perú, Uruguay y Venezuela. Conclusiones. Los países estudiados no utilizan el conocimiento disponible acerca de las estrategias para combatir y gestionar la infodemia.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Acesso à Informação , Atenção à Saúde , Informação , Gestão da Informação , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Acesso à Informação , Atenção à Saúde , Informação , Gestão da Informação , Infecções por Coronavirus , Acesso à Informação , Atenção à Saúde , Informação , Gestão da Informação
8.
Med Sci (Paris) ; 37(4): 315-316, 2021 04.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33908844
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33820391

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Self-directed learning (SDL) has been increasingly emphasized within medical education. However, little is known about the SDL resources medical students use. This study aimed to identify patterns in medical students' SDL behaviors, their SDL resource choices, factors motivating these choices, and the potential impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on these variables. Methods: An online cross-sectional survey comprising multiple-choice, ranked, and free-text response questions were disseminated to medical students across all 41 UK medical schools between April and July 2020. Independent study hours and sources of study materials prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic were compared. Motivational factors guiding resource choices and awareness of Free Open Access Meducation were also investigated. Results: The target sample was 75 students per medical school across a total of 41 medical schools within the United Kingdom (3,075 total students), and 1,564 responses were analyzed. University-provided information comprised the most commonly used component of independent study time, but a minority of total independent study time. Independent study time increased as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic (P<0.001). All sub-cohorts except males reported a significant increase in the use of resources such as free websites and question banks (P<0.05) and paid websites (P<0.05) as a result of the pandemic. Accessibility was the most influential factor guiding resource choice (Friedman's µrank=3.97, P<0.001). Conclusion: The use of learning resources independent of university provision is increasing. Educators must ensure equitable access to such materials while supporting students in making informed choices regarding their independent study behaviors.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Pandemias , Autoaprendizagem como Assunto , Estudantes de Medicina , Acesso à Informação , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido , Adulto Jovem
11.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 74Suppl 1(Suppl 1): e20201056, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33886847

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze online information available on the internet about COVID-19 and childhood cancer and discuss its reach potential with regard to supporting family functioning. METHOD: Documentary research supported by thematic analysis and the concept of family functioning and support. A total of 27 publications available on the websites of reference institutions in pediatric oncology, from March 1 to May 31, 2020, were analyzed. RESULTS: Two themes guided the presentation of results with emphasis on language and sustainability assumptions to content, and to conveyed meanings and intentionality. The publications prospect families/people with basic knowledge about COVID-19 and have little information specific to the relationship with childhood cancer. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: Threatening circumstances require informational support. This study revealed incipient of specificity and a prescriptive tone in the online information available in early times of the pandemic, questioning the scope of support for family functioning.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Internet , Neoplasias , Acesso à Informação , Criança , Humanos , Idioma , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Global Health ; 17(1): 46, 2021 04 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33853631

RESUMO

Health innovations are generally oriented on a techno-economic vision. In this perspective, technologies are seen as an end in themselves, and there is no arrangement between the technical and the social values of innovation. This vision prevails in sanitary crises, in which management is carried out based on the search for punctual, reactive, and technical solutions to remedy a specific problem without a systemic/holistic, sustainable, or proactive approach. This paper attempts to contribute to the literature on the epistemological orientation of innovations in the field of public health. Taking the Covid-19 and Ebola crises as examples, the primary objective is to show how innovation in health is oriented towards a techno-economic paradigm. Second, we propose a repositioning of public health innovation towards a social paradigm that will put more emphasis on the interaction between social and health dimensions in the perspective of social change. We will conclude by highlighting the roles that public health could play in allowing innovations to have more social value, especially during sanitary crises.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica , COVID-19/terapia , Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde , Prioridades em Saúde , Doença pelo Vírus Ebola/terapia , Saúde Pública , Acesso à Informação , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Análise Custo-Benefício , Difusão de Inovações , Equidade em Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Doença pelo Vírus Ebola/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Condições Sociais , Meio Social , Valores Sociais , Tecnologia , Vacinas
13.
Global Health ; 17(1): 47, 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33853616

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to assess the perceived fear of COVID-19 and its associated factors among older adults in Bangladesh. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in October 2020 among 1032 older Bangladeshi adults aged ≥60 years. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect information on participants' characteristics and COVID-19 related information. Perceived fear of COVID-19 was measured using the seven-item Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S), where the cumulative score ranged from 7 to 35. Multiple linear regression was performed to identify factors associated with perceived fear of COVID-19. RESULTS: The mean fear score was 19.4. Participants who were concerned about COVID-19 (ß: 2.75, 95% CI: 1.71 to 3.78) and overwhelmed by COVID-19 (ß: 3.31, 95% CI: 2.33 to 4.29) were significantly more likely to be fearful of COVID-19. Moreover, older adults who felt themselves isolated from others and whose close friends and family members were diagnosed with COVID-19 were more fearful. However, the participants who received COVID-19 related information from the health workers had a lower level of fear (ß: -1.90, 95% CI: - 3.06 to - 0.73). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of overwhelming fear of COVID-19 among the older adults of Bangladesh underlines the psychological needs of these vulnerable groups. Health workers have a key role in addressing these needs and further research is needed to identify the effective strategies for them to use.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Medo , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Acesso à Informação/psicologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bangladesh , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2 , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
RECIIS (Online) ; 15(1): 33-54, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177093

RESUMO

Este artigo discute o resultado da análise de 10 aplicativos móveis de autocuidado psicológico utilizados no Brasil, que denominamos PsiApps. A análise se desdobra em duas camadas: uma 'visível', que envolve os discursos dos próprios aplicativos para descrever os problemas que visam solucionar, suas promessas e seus métodos; outra 'invisível', que inclui formas automatizadas de coleta e compartilhamento de dados dos usuários pelos aplicativos. Veremos como a ênfase na individualidade e na autonomia manifesta na primeira camada torna opaca uma série de mediadores presentes na segunda camada, em grande parte invisíveis para o usuário. O contraste entre a centralidade da agência individual promovida pelos discursos dos PsiApps e o caráter relacional da infraestrutura e do ecossistema de dados que os integram evidenciam as contradições da autonomia ofertada por esses aplicativos.


This article discusses the result of the analysis of 10 psychological self-care mobile applications used in Brazil, which we call PsiApps. The analysis unfolds in two layers: one, 'visible', involves the discourses employed by the applications themselves to describe the problems they seek to solve, their promises and methods; the other, 'invisible', includes automated ways of collecting and sharing user data by the applications. We will see how the emphasis on individuality and autonomy manifested in the first layer makes opaque a series of mediators largely invisible to the user present in the second layer. The contrast between the centrality of individual agency promoted by the discourses of the PsiApps and the relational character of the infrastructure and data ecosystem that they integrate highlight the contradictions in the notion of autonomy offered by these applications.


Este artículo discute el resultado del análisis de 10 aplicaciones móviles de autocuidado psicológico utilizadas en Brasil, que llamamos PsiApps. El análisis se desarrolla en dos dimensiones: una 'visible', que involucra los discursos de las propias aplicaciones para describir los problemas que buscan resolver, sus promesas y métodos; otra 'invisible', que incluye formas automatizadas de recopilar y compartir datos de usuario por las aplicaciones. Veremos cómo el énfasis en la individualidad y la autonomía manifestado en la primera dimensión vuelve opacos una serie de mediadores en gran parte invisibles para el usuario presentes en la segunda dimensión. El contraste entre la centralidad de la agencia individual promovida por los discursos de los PsiApps y el carácter relacional de la infraestructura y el ecosistema de datos que integran manifiestan las diversas contradicciones de la autonomía que estas aplicaciones ofrecen.


Assuntos
Humanos , Autocuidado , Saúde Mental , Autonomia Pessoal , Aplicativos Móveis , Ansiedade , Tecnologia , Publicidade , Acesso à Informação
19.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 61(4): 620-627, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33589327

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The quality of patient information relating to intermittent claudication (IC) and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) on the World Wide Web was assessed. METHODS: The quality of websites and YouTube videos was assessed using the search terms "intermittent claudication" and "peripheral arterial disease". The first 50 hits screened for each search term from the three largest search engines by market share, and the first 20 videos from YouTube were screened. Website quality was scored using the University of Michigan Consumer Health Website tool (maximum score 80). Readability was calculated using the Flesch Reading Ease (FRE) score (maximum score 100). Videos were classified by content and upload source. Video reliability was assessed using the JAMA benchmark criteria. Video educational content was assessed using the Global Quality Score (GQS). Subjective content assessment was undertaken. RESULTS: Seventy-six websites were analysed. The majority of websites for both IC (51.7%) and PAD (72.3%) were rated as weak. The median Michigan score for IC (27; interquartile range [IQR] 15, 32.5) was lower that the score for PAD (31; IQR 25.5, 38.8; p = .030). The majority of websites for both IC (69%) and PAD (68.1%) were rated as requiring an above average reading level. The overall median FRE score was 55.9 (IQR 46.6, 60.6) for IC and 55.3 (IQR 44.6, 59.3) for PAD. Twenty-two videos were analysed. Of the 14 videos evaluated as part of the PAD search, the median JAMA score was 2 (2 - 3), the median GQS score was 3 (3 - 3) and the evaluation of content score was 8.5 (7.25 - 11.5). The equivalent scores for the IC search were 2 (2 - 2), 3 (3 - 4), and 5.5 (5 - 8). CONCLUSION: The educational quality and reliability of information both in written and video form on the internet is low. Attention needs to focus on improving the quality of all forms of information delivery to allow proper advocacy for patients.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/normas , Disseminação de Informação , Internet , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/normas , Doença Arterial Periférica , Humanos , Escrita Médica , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Controle de Qualidade , Gravação em Vídeo
20.
Environ Int ; 149: 106357, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556818

RESUMO

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has developed a suite of open access tools to estimate dietary exposure to food-borne chemical hazards. The tools are tailored to several regulatory domains within EFSA's remit (e.g. food and feed additives, pesticide residues, contaminants and food enzymes) and are intended for use by EFSA experts, industry applicants of regulatory product dossiers, researchers or any stakeholder with an interest in estimating dietary exposure using European food consumption data. The majority of the tools are based on FoodEx2, EFSA's food classification and description system as well as the EFSA Comprehensive European food consumption database. This paper provides an overview of these open access tools, the regulatory framework in which they were developed as well as data sources used.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , Exposição Dietética , União Europeia , Alimentos , Inocuidade dos Alimentos
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