Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 7.833
Filtrar
1.
Rev. bioét. derecho ; (50): 439-452, nov. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-191367

RESUMO

La regulación de la publicidad en algunos ámbitos de lo sanitario proporciona, más allá del nivel concreto de eficacia en su aplicación, naturalmente mutable y coyuntural, un marco coherente de protección que no se constata en otros campos. Este trabajo analiza la aplicabilidad de los criterios legales y jurisprudenciales de uno de ellos (el de publicidad de medicamentos) como complemento para la actuación frente a prácticas gravemente dañosas del interés público y de los derechos de los consumidores en otros como el de la publicidad de bebidas alcohólicas o de alimentos malsanos, muy necesitados de criterios jurídicos fundados con los que actuar para atajar la desprotección del consumidor y defender la salud pública


The regulation of advertising in some areas of health provides, beyond the specific level of effectiveness in its application, naturally mutable and conjunctural, a coherent framework of protection that is not found in other fields. This paper analyzes the applicability of legal and jurisprudential criteria of one of these areas (advertising of medicinal products) as a complement to action against practices that are seriously harmful to public interest and to consumer rights in other areas, such as the advertising of alcoholic beverages or unhealthy food, which are in great need of well-founded legal criteria with which to act to take action to tackle consumer protection and defend public health


La regulació de la publicitat en alguns àmbits del sanitari proporciona, més enllà del nivell concret d'eficàcia en la seva aplicació, naturalment mutable I conjuntural, un marc coherent de protecció que no es constata en altres camps. Aquest treball analitza l'aplicabilitat dels criteris legals I jurisprudencials d'un d'ells (el de publicitat de medicaments) com a complement per a l'actuació enfront de pràctiques greument danyoses de l'interès públic I dels drets dels consumidors en uns altres com el de la publicitat de begudes alcohòliques o d'aliments malsans, molt necessitats de criteris jurídics fundats amb els quals actuar per a atallar la desprotecció del consumidor I defensar la salut pública


Assuntos
Humanos , Controle da Publicidade de Produtos , Códigos de Ética , Acesso à Informação/ética , Bebidas Alcoólicas
2.
Rev. Hosp. El Cruce ; (26): 46-62, Ago 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1117093

RESUMO

La crisis del coronavirus ha generado diferentes iniciativas para promover el acceso a publicaciones y datos en abierto, resolviendo de manera colaborativa y desde distintos lugares, siendo un ejemplo de los beneficios de la ciencia abierta. A partir de la versión inicial de la Recopilación sobre Ciencia Abierta desde el COVID-19: Acceso Abierto + Datos Abiertos (Versión I: abril 3 de 2020) publicada por Alejandro Uribe-Tirado (http://eprints.rclis.org/39864/), nos pareció una buena práctica actualizar de manera abierta y colaborativa este primer insumo, utilizando la plataforma: https://etherpad.wikimedia.org/p/covid19. Esta nueva versión ha sido actualizada hasta junio (Versión II: junio 3 de 2020 ), es el resultado de este trabajo conjunto.


The coronavirus crisis has created different initiatives that promote access to open publications and open data, solve collaboratively and from different places, being an example of the benefits of open science. From the initial version of the Compilation on Open Science since COVID-19: Open Access + Open Data (Version I: April 3, 2020) published by Alejandro Uribe-Tirado (First version in Spanish: http://eprints.rclis.org/39864/), it seemed to us, a good practice to update this first input openly and collaboratively, using the platform: https://etherpad.wikimedia.org/p/covid19. This new version (Version II: June 3, 2020), is the result of this joint work.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Acesso à Informação , Publicação de Acesso Aberto
3.
Artigo em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52558

RESUMO

[RESUMEN]. El vocabulario Descriptores en Ciencias de la Salud (DeCS) establece un lenguaje único y común que permite la organización y facilita la búsqueda y recuperación de la literatura técnica y científica en salud disponible en las fuentes de información de la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud. El DeCS, creado por el Centro Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Información en Ciencias de la Salud (BIREME), un centro especializado de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud/Organización Mundial de la Salud (OPS/OMS), es la traducción y la extensión del vocabulario Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), mantenido por la National Library of Medicine de los Estados Unidos. BIREME, en coordinación con expertos de América Latina y el Caribe, ha incluido en el DeCS los temas de equidad, género, etnicidad y derechos humanos —temas transversales en el marco programático de la cooperación técnica de la OPS/OMS— para garantizar una mejor recuperación y uso de la información y evidencia científica relacionadas a estos temas. El objetivo de este artículo es describir el método de revisión terminológica del DeCS e informar los resultados obtenidos y los impactos de la ampliación terminológica en el área de equidad, que comprendió la inclusión de 35 nuevos descriptores.


[ABSTRACT]. The Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS) vocabulary establishes a unique and common language that allows the organization and facilitates the search and retrieval of technical and scientific literature on health available in the information sources of the Virtual Health Library. The DeCS, created by the Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information (BIREME), a specialized center of the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO), is the translation and extension of the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) vocabulary, maintained by the United States National Library of Medicine. BIREME, in coordination with experts from Latin America and the Caribbean, has included in the DeCS the topics of equity, gender, ethnicity and human rights—cross-cutting themes in the programmatic framework of PAHO/WHO technical cooperation—to ensure better retrieval and use of scientific information and evidence related to these topics. The objective of this article is to describe the methodology used during the terminology review of the DeCS and to report the results obtained and the impacts of the terminology expansion in the field of equity, which included the inclusion of 35 new descriptors.


Assuntos
Equidade , Sistemas de Informação , Medical Subject Headings , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Acesso à Informação , Equidade , Sistemas de Informação , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Acesso à Informação
6.
F1000Res ; 9: 649, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32850121

RESUMO

Background: The COVID-19 outbreak has made funders, researchers and publishers agree to have research publications, as well as other research outputs, such as data, become openly available. In this extraordinary research context of the SARS CoV-2 pandemic, publishers are announcing that their coronavirus-related articles will be made immediately accessible in appropriate open repositories, like PubMed Central, agreeing upon funders' and researchers' instigation. Methods: This work uses Unpaywall, OpenRefine and PubMed to analyse the level of openness of articles about COVID-19, published during the first quarter of 2020. It also analyses Open Access (OA) articles published about previous coronavirus (SARS CoV-1 and MERS CoV) as a means of comparison. Results: A total of 5,611 COVID-19-related articles were analysed from PubMed. This is a much higher amount for a period of 4 months compared to those found for SARS CoV-1 and MERS during the first year of their first outbreaks (335 and 116 articles, respectively).  Regarding the levels of openness, 88.8% of the SARS CoV-2 papers are freely available; similar rates were found for the other coronaviruses. Deeper analysis showed that (i) 67.4% of articles belong to an undefined Bronze category; (ii) 76.4% of all OA papers don't carry any license, followed by 10.4% which display restricted licensing. These patterns were found to be repeated in the three most frequent publishers: Elsevier, Springer and Wiley. Conclusions: Our results suggest that, although scientific production is much higher than during previous epidemics and is open, there is a caveat to this opening, characterized by the absence of fundamental elements and values ​​on which Open Science is based, such as licensing.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , PubMed , Publicações/tendências , Betacoronavirus , Humanos
7.
Curr Opin Ophthalmol ; 31(5): 337-350, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740059

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Artificial intelligence has already provided multiple clinically relevant applications in ophthalmology. Yet, the explosion of nonstandardized reporting of high-performing algorithms are rendered useless without robust and streamlined implementation guidelines. The development of protocols and checklists will accelerate the translation of research publications to impact on patient care. RECENT FINDINGS: Beyond technological scepticism, we lack uniformity in analysing algorithmic performance generalizability, and benchmarking impacts across clinical settings. No regulatory guardrails have been set to minimize bias or optimize interpretability; no consensus clinical acceptability thresholds or systematized postdeployment monitoring has been set. Moreover, stakeholders with misaligned incentives deepen the landscape complexity especially when it comes to the requisite data integration and harmonization to advance the field. Therefore, despite increasing algorithmic accuracy and commoditization, the infamous 'implementation gap' persists. Open clinical data repositories have been shown to rapidly accelerate research, minimize redundancies and disseminate the expertise and knowledge required to overcome existing barriers. Drawing upon the longstanding success of existing governance frameworks and robust data use and sharing agreements, the ophthalmic community has tremendous opportunity in ushering artificial intelligence into medicine. By collaboratively building a powerful resource of open, anonymized multimodal ophthalmic data, the next generation of clinicians can advance data-driven eye care in unprecedented ways. SUMMARY: This piece demonstrates that with readily accessible data, immense progress can be achieved clinically and methodologically to realize artificial intelligence's impact on clinical care. Exponentially progressive network effects can be seen by consolidating, curating and distributing data amongst both clinicians and data scientists.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , Inteligência Artificial , Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , Oftalmologia/tendências , Algoritmos , Humanos
8.
Washington; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; July 02, 2020. 8 p.
Não convencional em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117758

RESUMO

El 1 de junio del 2020 y con 990 personas registradas, la Organización Panamericana de la Salud OPS y el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, en colaboración con varios aliados y redes, lanzaron la serie de seminarios virtuales Compartir-Escuchar-Actuar, COVID-19: El potencial de la salud digital y los sistemas de información para la salud (IS4H) en la lucha contra la pandemia. Esta hoja informativa presenta las respuestas a las preguntas formuladas y más votadas, así como información adicional resultante de la interacción con el público asistente.


On June 1, 2020, in collaboration with several partners and networks and 990 registered attendees, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) launched the webinar series Share-Listen-Act, COVID-19: The Potential of Digital Health and Information Systems for Health in the Fight against the Pandemic. This fact sheet contains responses to the questions that received the most votes, as well as other questions posed, and additional information derived from interaction with the attendees.


Assuntos
Telemedicina/organização & administração , Acesso à Informação , Disseminação de Informação , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus
9.
Cad Saude Publica ; 36(6): e00115020, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609168

RESUMO

This paper focuses on our research and intervention in health promotion with patients and communities affected by various infectious diseases, in the project Knowledge-Sharing Platform. This project is developed at the National Institute of Infectious Diseases Evandro Chagas in the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and promotes the continuing involvement of health researchers and professionals in the collaborative production of knowledge on health with patients and community groups and in their training as community health promoters. The new epidemic scenario created the demand for a space of dialogue and knowledge-sharing on the prevention of COVID-19 transmission. Due to the interruption of regular activities in the Knowledge-Sharing Platform, a strategy was launched to serve as a link between science and society and help overcome the social isolation imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic. The WhatsApp group allowed project members to participate by addressing questions (audio) on COVID-19 through mediation by community group leaders. The main questions by participants related to risk factors, transmission, immunity to the novel coronavirus, care related to prevention, symptoms, and treatment; and COVID-19 and influenza vaccine. The educational material Caring in the Age of COVID-19 was produced and shared with community leaders and distributed to the respective groups and was eventually shared in their communities as a response to a demand for knowledge that responds to the concerns of people already exposed to structural vulnerability.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Mídias Sociais , Populações Vulneráveis , Acesso à Informação , Brasil/epidemiologia , Participação da Comunidade/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Isolamento Social
10.
COVID-19 FactsheetsPAHO/EIH/IS/COVID-19/20-0010.
Artigo em Inglês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52502

RESUMO

On June 1, 2020, in collaboration with several partners and networks and 990 registered attendees, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) launched the webinar series Share-Listen-Act, COVID-19: The Potential of Digital Health and Information Systems for Health in the Fight against the Pandemic. This fact sheet contains responses to the questions that received the most votes, as well as other questions posed, and additional information derived from interaction with the attendees.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Pandemias , Acesso à Informação , Disseminação de Informação , Telemedicina , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde
11.
PLoS Biol ; 18(7): e3000763, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32722681

RESUMO

Access to analytical code is essential for transparent and reproducible research. We review the state of code availability in ecology using a random sample of 346 nonmolecular articles published between 2015 and 2019 under mandatory or encouraged code-sharing policies. Our results call for urgent action to increase code availability: only 27% of eligible articles were accompanied by code. In contrast, data were available for 79% of eligible articles, highlighting that code availability is an important limiting factor for computational reproducibility in ecology. Although the percentage of ecological journals with mandatory or encouraged code-sharing policies has increased considerably, from 15% in 2015 to 75% in 2020, our results show that code-sharing policies are not adhered to by most authors. We hope these results will encourage journals, institutions, funding agencies, and researchers to address this alarming situation.


Assuntos
Ecologia , Publicações , Acesso à Informação , Disseminação de Informação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
16.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(2): 473-483, abr.-jun. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102911

RESUMO

A interface entre a comunicação e a saúde é construída coletivamente, envolvendo uma miríade de interlocutores em contextos sociais determinados, com o objetivo final de tornar efetivos os direitos à comunicação e à saúde, previstos na Constituição Federal de 1988. Para promover este encontro, bem como capacitar profissionais de ambas as áreas, a Escola de Saúde Pública de Minas Gerais (ESP-MG) oferece o curso de Pós-graduação em Comunicação e Saúde, no qual a disciplina Teorias da Comunicação tem destaque, uma vez que é primordial conhecer os fundamentos da comunicação humana e a dinâmica da Comunicação Social, com ênfase no campo teórico-prático conhecido como Comunicação e Saúde (CeS). Este artigo relata a experiência do curso a partir da disciplina Teorias da Comunicação, de modo a situá-la como conhecimento essencial não somente para os comunicadores, mas também para os profissionais de saúde.


The interface between communication and health is built collectively, involving a myriad of interlocutors in determined social contexts, with the ultimate goal of making the communication and health rights established in the 1988 Federal Constitution effective. In order to promote this exchange, as well as training professionals from both areas, the School of Public Health of Minas Gerais (SP-MG) offers the postgraduate course in Communication and Health, in which the Theories of Communication discipline is highlighted, since it is essential to know the fundamentals of human communication and the dynamics of Social Communication, with emphasis on the theoretical-practical field known as Communication and Health (CES). This article reports the experience of the course from the Theories of Communication subject, in order to situate it as essential knowledge not only for communicators, but also for health professionals.


La interfaz entre la comunicación y la salud se construye colectivamente, involucrando una miríada de interlocutores en contextos sociales determinados, con el objetivo final de hacer efectivos los derechos a la comunicación ya las saludes previstas en la Constitución Federal de 1988. Para promover este encuentro, como la capacitación de profesionales de ambas áreas, la Escuela de Salud Pública de Minas Gerais (ESP-MG) ofrece el curso de Postgrado en Comunicación y Salud, en el cual la disciplina Teorías de la Comunicación tiene destaque, ya que es fundamental conocer los fundamentos de la comunicación humana y la dinámica de la Comunicación Social, con énfasis en el campo teórico-práctico conocido como Comunicación y Salud (CeS). Este artículo relata la experiencia del curso a partir de la disciplina Teorías de la Comunicación, para situarla como conocimiento esencial no sólo para los comunicadores, sino también para los profesionales de la salud.


Assuntos
Humanos , Brasil , Saúde Pública , Educação , Educação de Pós-Graduação , Comunicação em Saúde , Escolas para Profissionais de Saúde , Comunicação Social , Acesso à Informação , Direito à Saúde
19.
Washington, D.C.; PAHO; 2020-06-04. (PAHO/IMS/COVID-19-20-0029).
em Inglês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52247

RESUMO

This document highlights key considerations for integrating gender equality into health emergency and disaster response, particularly in the context of COVID-19. Due to existing gender-based inequalities, specific and combined vulnerabilities, unequal access to information and early warnings, and varying national capacities and experiences, it is necessary to address different needs, both across and within populations, in the response to COVID-19 and other health emergencies. The response to COVID-19 should integrate a gender-responsive approach, while considering other social, economic, environmental, geographic, ethnic, and cultural factors that affect how the disease is differentially impacting individuals, groups, and populations, including gender-diverse groups.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Pandemias , Acesso à Informação , Populações Vulneráveis , Gênero e Saúde
20.
Washington, D.C.; OPS; 2020-06-04. (OPS/IMS/COVID-19-20-0029).
em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52246

RESUMO

En el presente documento se destacan las principales consideraciones que se deben tener en cuenta para integrar la igualdad de género como un tema transversal en la respuesta a las emergencias de salud y la reducción del riesgo de desastres, en especial frente a la COVID-19. Debido a las desigualdades existentes por razones de género, las vulnerabilidades específicas y combinadas, el acceso desigual a la información y las alertas tempranas, y la variación en la capacidad y experiencia nacionales, es necesario abordar las necesidades distintas tanto entre las poblaciones como dentro de ellas en la respuesta a la COVID-19 y otras emergencias de salud. En la respuesta a la COVID-19 debe incorporarse un enfoque que tenga en cuenta las cuestiones de género, además de otros factores sociales, económicos, ambientales, geográficos, étnicos y culturales que afectan el modo distinto en que la COVID-19 está repercutiendo en las personas, los grupos y las poblaciones, incluidos los grupos con diversidad de género.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Gênero e Saúde , Acesso à Informação , Populações Vulneráveis , Pandemias
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA