Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 7.205
Filtrar
1.
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e190257, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432893

RESUMO

We present a decentralised solution for managing scientific communication, based on distributed ledger technologies, also called blockchains. The proposed system aims to solve incentive problems displayed by traditional systems in scientific communication and publication. A minimal working model is presented, defining roles, processes, and expected results from the novel system. The proposed solution is viable, given the current status of blockchain technology, and should lead to a rethinking of current practices and their consequences for scientific communication.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , Comunicação , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/tendências , Editoração/tendências , Humanos
2.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1722-1723, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438311

RESUMO

eHealth system users need adequate, timely access to health-related information; including the functionality of alerting and notifications on events. This was addressed through requirements engineering techniques. The analysis resulted in a requirements' list and architecture based on IHE standards. Patients, professionals and administrators were identified as main actors, core notification attributes were type and transport channel, and notifications always event-triggered. One challenge is system-based data access events, potentially leading to an invalid triggering of events.


Assuntos
Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Telemedicina , Acesso à Informação , Humanos
3.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1248-1252, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438125

RESUMO

Open Access provides researchers another opportunity of publishing, besides the traditional publication in subscription-based journals. Providing higher dissemination and therefore visibility as well as better accessibility, among others, Open Access helps to fulfil changed needs of authors and readers in our information and communication society of today. Though this publication model provides a lot of advantages both for readers and authors, there are also some obstacles. In order to identify the incentives that can lead scientists of medical informatics to an Open-Access-publication, we conducted a study consisting of group discussions, interviews, and surveys. This tripartite evaluation starts in its first part with group discussions and interviews. First results of them show that, among others, the higher visibility, indexing, Impact Factor and better accessibility are factors for an Open-Access-publication.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , Informática Médica , Tomada de Decisões , Motivação , Editoração
5.
Vnitr Lek ; 65(5): 338-347, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163966

RESUMO

This study examined compliance with the criteria of transparency and best practice in scholarly publishing defined by COPE, DOAJ, OASPA and WAME in Biomedical Open Access journals indexed in Journal Citation Reports (JCR). 259 Open Access journals were drawn from the JCR database and on the basis of their websites their compliance with 14 criteria for transparency and best practice in scholarly publishing was verified. Journals received penalty points for each unfulfilled criterion when they failed to comply with the criteria defined by COPE, DOAJ, OASPA and WAME. The average number of obtained penalty points was 6, where 149 (57.5%) journals received 6 points and 110 (42.5%) journals 7 points. Only 4 journals met all criteria and did not receive any penalty points. Most of the journals did not comply with the criteria declaration of Creative Commons license (164 journals), affiliation of editorial board members (116), unambiguity of article processing charges (115), anti-plagiarism policy (113) and the number of editorial board members from developing countries (99). The research shows that JCR cannot be used as a whitelist of journals that comply with the criteria of transparency and best practice in scholarly publishing.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , Publicação de Acesso Aberto , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Honorários e Preços , Humanos , Editoração
10.
Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol ; 12(5): 481-489, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30961406

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The potentials of Africa for growth and economic transformation through science remains challenging because of existing gaps in knowledge and infrastructure. The Africa Pharmacological Science Gateway project and the Medicines Utilization Research in Africa Group seek to meet the research needs of African pharmacologists. This study aimed at identifying priority needs that might be met by access to information and tools through e-infrastructure. METHODS: A web-based cross-sectional study among 472 members of pharmacological societies in Africa to obtain information on their research interests and skills, available resources, needs, and knowledge gaps. Descriptive analyses were done. RESULTS: A total of 118 responses from 13 countries were received, mostly from Nigeria (48.3%) and South Africa (21.3%). Respondents had wide ranges of research interests predominantly in drug utilization research. The desired resources included drug utilization research training and tools, pharmacokinetics and pharmacometrics modeling training and tools, drug-drug interaction and medicine prices resources, statistical analysis resources, access to journals, training in specific laboratory techniques, equipment and funding for research-related activities. CONCLUSIONS: Key areas of needs not currently provided by the African Pharmacological Science Gateway e-infrastructure were identified to guide the further provision of resources on the e-infrastructure and potentially enhance research capacity within the continent.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Farmacologia/organização & administração , Pesquisa/organização & administração , África , Estudos Transversais , Assistência à Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Internet , Assistência ao Paciente/tendências , Projetos Piloto , Competência Profissional , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(1): 208-221, jan.-mar. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-987731

RESUMO

Este artigo tem como objetivo apresentar o mapeamento dos padrões de metadados, bem como suas aplicações visando à interoperabilidade em sistemas de informação para a área da saúde. Trata-se de uma pesquisa exploratório-descritiva com abordagem qualitativa e levantamento bibliográfico realizado em busca de publicações atuais que abordam a temática dos padrões de interoperabilidade nacionais e internacionais no campo da saúde. Essas buscas foram pautadas nos enunciados da Portaria nº 2.073, de 31 de agosto de 2011, que regulamenta o uso de padrões de interoperabilidade para sistemas de informação em saúde no contexto brasileiro. Os resultados evidenciam que a padronização e interoperabilidade em sistemas de informação, sejam eles relativos às bibliotecas ou às organizações de saúde, são de extrema importância por possibilitar a troca e o compartilhamento de informações dentro e fora das organizações, além de tornar mais eficientes os fluxos e processos informacionais.


This article aims to present the mapping of the metadata standards as well as their applications aiming the interoperability in information systems for the health area. An exploratory-descriptive research with a qualitative approach and a literature review was carried out in search of current publications that approach the theme of national and international standards of interoperability in the field of health. These searches were based on the provisions of Portaria nº 2.073, de 31 de agosto de 2011, passed by Ministry of Health,Brazil, which regulates the use of interoperability standards for health information systems in the Brazilian context. The results show that standardization and interoperability in information systems, whether related to libraries or health organizations, are extremely important because they allow the exchange and sharing of information inside and outside organizations, as well as streamlining flows and informative processes.


Este artículo tiene como objetivo presentar el mapeo de los estándares de metadatos, así como sus aplicaciones con la atención dirigida a la interoperabilidad en sistemas de información para el área de la salud. Se trata de una investigación exploratorio-descriptiva con enfoque cualitativo y revisión literaria a través de la búsqueda de publicaciones actuales que abordan la temática de los patrones de interoperabilidad nacionales e internacionales en el campo de la salud. Essas búsquedas se basaron en los enunciados de la Portaria nº 2.073, de 31 de agosto de 2011, Resolución del Ministerio de Salud, Brasil, que regula el uso de estándares de interoperabilidad para sistemas de información en salud en el contexto brasileño. Los resultados evidencian que la estandarización e interoperabilidad en sistemas de información, sean relativas a las bibliotecas o a las organizaciones de salud, son de extrema importancia por permitir el intercambio y la compartición de informaciones dentro y fuera de las organizaciones, además de hacer más eficientes los flujos y procesos relacionados con las informaciones.


Assuntos
Humanos , Ciência da Informação , Gestão da Informação , Tecnologia da Informação , Interoperabilidade da Informação em Saúde , Biblioteconomia , Acesso à Informação , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Ciências da Saúde , Metadados
12.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(1): 39-47, jan.-mar. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-987746

RESUMO

This commentary analyses the implications of social media misinformation for global health risk communication. We define misinformation, describe the pathways through which it can adversely affect responses to risk communication efforts, highlight vulnerabilities in existing interventions and present an agenda for further research to understand and address this problem.


Este artigo analisa as implicações da desinformação nas mídias sociais para a comunicação global de riscos à saúde. Definimos desinformação, descrevemos os caminhos pelos quais ela pode afetar negativamente as respostas aos esforços de comunicação de risco, destacamos as vulnerabilidades nas intervenções existentes e apresentamos uma agenda para futuras pesquisas para entender e abordar esse problema.


Este artículo analiza las implicaciones de la desinformación en las redes sociales para la comunicación de riesgos de salud global. Definimos información errónea, describimos los caminos por los cuales puede afectar de manera adversa las respuestas a los esfuerzos de comunicación de riesgos, resaltamos las vulnerabilidades en las intervenciones existentes y presentamos una agenda para futuras investigaciones para comprender y abordar este problema.


Assuntos
Humanos , Acesso à Informação , Vulnerabilidade em Saúde , Pandemias , Mídias Sociais , Saúde Global , Risco , Surtos de Doenças , Comunicação
17.
Med Ref Serv Q ; 38(1): 81-86, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30942682

RESUMO

Providing access to electronic resources is a core service for most libraries, and for more than two decades librarians have used Internet Protocol (IP) addresses as a way to authenticate users and prove they should have access to their institution's licensed materials. But in recent years, IP addresses have become a less accurate method of determining whether a user is affiliated with a particular library. Key players in the publishing industry and academia are working together on a new set of protocols to replace IP authentication called Resource Access for the 21st Century, or RA21. This column will briefly explore what RA21 is, what problems it purports to solve, and what problems it may create. A list of resources for further reading on RA21 is provided.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , Bases de Dados Bibliográficas/normas , Internet/normas , Bibliotecas Médicas/normas , Editoração/normas , Humanos , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação
19.
Health Res Policy Syst ; 17(1): 38, 2019 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30961649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Contextualising evidence to inform policy-making is increasingly recognised as key to developing and implementing effective health policies. Creating a one-stop shop for evidence is an approach that can facilitate timely access to the best evidence to inform policy decisions. We report outcomes after implementation of the Policy Information Platform (PIP), a pilot one-stop evidence repository in Nigeria designed to alleviate barriers to accessing policy-relevant knowledge. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved five phases, namely (1) consultation with Nigerian policy-makers to identify priority policy issues, areas of health policy information needs, and challenges and capacity constraints in accessing evidence for policy-making; (2) a stakeholder engagement workshop to formally launch the PIP; (3) extraction of data and other information from scientific articles, policy briefs, evaluation reports, grey literature and health policy documents relevant to policy-making in Nigeria (identified by Google and PubMed searches and by examination of websites of relevant Nigerian government ministries, agencies and parastatals), for use in developing the PIP website; (4) promotion of the PIP in national and state health policy meetings; and (5) evaluation of the PIP using a stakeholder survey questionnaire distributed via email and critical appraisal of the grey literature included in the PIP using the authority, accuracy, coverage, objectivity, date and significance (AACODS) checklist. RESULTS: Priority policy areas identified by policy-makers were disease control and prevention, population health issues and health administration. Challenges identified by policy-makers were a lack of adequate capacity to access policy-relevant evidence and transform the evidence into policy. Policy-makers suggested using systematic reviews, policy briefs and rapid response mechanisms and involving policy-makers in research as ways of increasing evidence uptake for policy. A total of 126 policy-relevant, peer-reviewed scientific articles, 85 health policy documents and 201 policy-relevant grey literature documents were selected for inclusion in the PIP. Of the 195 individuals contacted via email to evaluate the PIP, 31 (15.9%) provided a response. Respondents noted that the PIP facilitated access to information based on local evidence and context-sensitive data. Barriers identified included lack of knowledge about the PIP and limited capacity of end-users to use the data compiled in the platform. CONCLUSION: An easily accessible one-stop shop of policy-relevant evidence can considerably improve policy-makers' access to evidence for use in policy-making and practice.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , Tomada de Decisões , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Política de Saúde , Formulação de Políticas , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Conhecimento , Nigéria , Pesquisa
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA