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4.
N C Med J ; 81(1): 28-31, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31908329

RESUMO

This commentary evaluates access and barriers to perinatal care in North Carolina utilizing key goals the state has identified in its strategic plans, such as expanding health care access for North Carolinians, increasing access to preconception care for women and men, improving access to prenatal care, and undoing racism.


Assuntos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Mortalidade Infantil/tendências , Assistência Perinatal , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , North Carolina/epidemiologia , Gravidez
5.
N C Med J ; 81(1): 41-44, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31908333

RESUMO

Navigating perinatal specialty care requires access for both patients and their clinicians. Convenience and availability of regional resources, especially in predominantly rural areas, impact the ability to provide care in the ideal setting for each patient's individualized medical needs.


Assuntos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Assistência Perinatal/organização & administração , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , North Carolina , Gravidez
6.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 84-91, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914574

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the demand and access to the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge and related factors among urban residents in China from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The self-designed questionnaire was used to collect the information of general demographic characteristics, the demand and access to cancer prevention and treatment knowledge, and the influencing factors of the attitude. The Chi-square test was used to analyze the difference of the demand of the cancer prevention knowledge among different groups and the corresponding factors of the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge were analyzed by using the logistic regression model. Results: The proportion of residents who need the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was 79.5%. The demand rate of the inducement, symptom and diagnosis methods of cancer in the occupational population was highest, about 66.8%, 71.0% and 20.8%, respectively. The demand rate of treatment methods and cost in current cancer patients was the highest, about the 45.9% and 21.9%, respectively. The top three sources to acquire the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge were "broadcast or television" (69.5%), "books, newspapers, posters or brochures" (44.7%) and "family and friends" (33.8%). The multivariate analysis showed that compared with public institution personnel/civil servants, unmarried/cohabiting/divorced/widowed and others, annual household income less than 20 000 CNY, from the eastern region, people without cancer diagnosis and people with self-assessment of cancer risk, the demand rate of cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was higher in enterprise personnel/workers, married, annual household income between 60 000 CNY and 150 000 CNY, from the central region, people with cancer and people with unclear cancer risk (all P values <0.05). Conclusion: There was a high demand for the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge among urban residents in China from 2015 to 2017. The main access to the knowledge is from the radio or television. The occupation, marital status, annual household income, residential region, health status and risk of disease were the main factors of the demand of the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
J Homosex ; 67(1): 104-126, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30307803

RESUMO

Malay-Muslim men who have sex with men (MSM) are marginalized and hidden in Malaysia, a predominantly Muslim country in southeast Asia. We explored the policy, network, community, and individual factors related to HIV infection among Malay-Muslim MSM through 26 in-depth interviews and one focus group discussion (n = 5) conducted in Kuala Lumpur and Kota Bharu between October 2013 and January 2014. As religion plays an important role in their lives, participants viewed homosexuality as a sin. Low risk perception and misconceptions about HIV/AIDS were common, and most participants expressed reluctance to consult a doctor unless they had symptoms. Additionally, buying condoms was embarrassing and anxiety-producing. Fear of discrimination by health care providers and community hindered participants from disclosing sexual behaviors and accessing health services. Homophobic comments and policies by the government and religious leaders were concerns of participants. A safe and enabling environment is needed to reduce HIV risks among Malay-Muslim MSM.


Assuntos
Revelação , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Homofobia , Homossexualidade Masculina , Islamismo , Religião e Sexo , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Adulto , Redes Comunitárias , Preservativos , Grupos Focais , Pessoal de Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Malásia , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
8.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eGS4442, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576910

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the legal demands of tiotropium bromide to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. METHODS: We included secondary data from the pharmaceutical care management systems made available by the Paraná State Drug Center. RESULTS: Public interest civil action and ordinary procedures, among others, were the most common used by the patients to obtain the medicine. Two Health Centers in Paraná (Londrina and Umuarama) concentrated more than 50% of the actions. The most common specialty of physicians who prescribed (33.8%) was pulmonology. There is a small financial impact of tiotropium bromide on general costs with medicines of the Paraná State Drug Center. However, a significant individual financial impact was observed because one unit of the medicine represents 38% of the Brazilian minimum wage. CONCLUSION: Our study highlights the need of incorporating this medicine in the class of long-acting anticholinergic bronchodilator in the Brazilian public health system.


Assuntos
Broncodilatadores/economia , Medicamentos Essenciais/provisão & distribução , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Função Jurisdicional , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/economia , Brometo de Tiotrópio/economia , Brasil , Medicamentos Essenciais/economia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/economia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/tendências , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/economia , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Trab. educ. saúde ; 18(1): e0023469, 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043489

RESUMO

Resumo Neste artigo, é realizado um mapeamento da produção científica sobre o acesso à saúde pela população transexual pós-2008, ano importante para a saúde trans no Brasil, no qual foi criado o Processo Transexualizador do Sistema Único de Saúde. O objetivo desse trabalho foi realizar uma revisão integrativa da literatura sobre acesso à saúde da população transexual e travesti brasileira, empregando as bases de dados MEDLINE, LILACS e SciELO, empregando-se os seguintes descritores: 'transexualidade', 'transexualismo', 'travestismo', 'travesti' e 'transgênero', foram selecionados 22 artigos. Considerando a produção científica analisada, constatamos inúmeros desafios ao acesso da população trans no Sistema Único de Saúde, como a discriminação, a patologização da transexualidade, a falta de qualificação dos profissionais, o acolhimento inadequado, a escassez de recursos para o financiamento de políticas e programas voltados ao combate à discriminação de origem homofóbica e trans-travestifóbica, bem como a ausência da garantia de serviços específicos - como o processo transexualizador.


Abstract The article presents a mapping of the scientific production regarding the access to health by the transsexual population after 2008, an important year for trans health in Brazil, in which the Transsexualizing Process of the Brazilian Unified Health System (Processo Transexualizador do Sistema Único de Saúde, in Portuguese) was created. The goal of the present work was to conduct an integrative review of the literature regarding the access to health by the Brazilian transsexual and transvestite population in the MEDLINE, LILACS and SciELO databases, using the following descriptors: 'transsexuality,' 'transsexualism,' 'transvestitism,' 'transvestite' and 'transgendered,' and 22 articles were selected. Considering the scientific production analyzed, we verified countless challenges regarding the access of the trans population to the Brazilian Unified Health System, such as discrimination, pathologization of transsexuality, lack of training on the part of the professionals, improper embracement, lack of resources to fund policies and programs geared towards the fight against discrimination due to homophobia or tans/transvestite-phobia, as well as the lack of guarantee of specific services - such as the transsexualizing process.


Resumen En este artículo, se realiza un mapeo de la producción científica sobre el acceso a la salud por la población transexual después de 2008, un año importante para la salud trans en Brasil, en el cual se creó el Proceso Transexualizante del Sistema Único de Salud (Processo Transexualizador do Sistema Único de Saúde, en portugués). El objetivo de este trabajo fue realizar una revisión integrante de la literatura sobre el acceso a la salud de la población transexual y travesti brasileña, en las bases de datos MEDLINE, LILACS y SciELO, utilizando los siguientes descriptores: "transexualidad", "transexualismo", "travestismo", "travesti" y "transgénero", y se seleccionaron 22 artículos. Considerando la producción científica analizada, constatamos inúmeros desafíos al acceso de la población trans en el Sistema Único de Salud, como la discriminación, la patologización de la transexualidad, la falta de calificación de los profesionales, la acogida inadecuada, la escasez de recursos para el financiamiento de políticas y programas direccionados a la lucha en contra de la discriminación de origen homofóbica y trans-travestifóbica, así como la ausencia da garantía de servicios específicos - como el proceso transexualizante.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pessoas Transgênero , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
10.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(4): 843-853, out.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047584

RESUMO

Os indicadores de morbidade e de mortalidade materno-infantis são essenciais no contexto da organização da Rede Cegonha, no âmbito do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Esta rede organiza-se para assegurar o acesso, o acolhimento e a resolutividade, por meio de um modelo de atenção voltado para o pré-natal, parto e nascimento, puerpério e sistema logístico. Este artigo apresenta um estudo ecológico desta rede em uma Regional de Saúde, realizado com uso de dados dos Sistemas de Informação de Saúde do Departamento de Informática do SUS. Verificou-se um percentual crescente de gestantes que realizaram sete ou mais consultas pré-natais. No entanto, poucas concluíram a assistência pré-natal, porque não realizaram a consulta de puerpério. Observou-se uma taxa de mortalidade infantil próxima à da meta estipulada pela ONU. Identificou-se um aumento das cesáreas e uma redução de partos normais, além de uma alta mortalidade materna. Esses indicadores apontam para a necessidade de melhoria da qualidade da atenção pré-natal e da assistência ao parto.


Indicators of maternal-child morbidity and mortality are essential in the context of the organization of the Rede Cegonha (Stork Network), within the scope of the Unified Health System (SUS ­ Sistema Único de Saúde). This network is organized to ensure access, protection and successful resolution, through a model of attention focused on prenatal, delivery and childbirth, puerperium (or postpartum period) and logistic system. This article presents an ecological study of this network in a Regional de Saúde (Regional Health Department) that was carried out using data from the SUS Department of Informatics of the Health Information Systems. An increasing percentage of pregnant women who had seven or more prenatal visitscould be observed. However, few pregnant women completed prenatal care because they have not sought for the puerperium consultation. A child mortality rate close to the target set out in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals was observed. An increase in caesarean sections and a reduction in normal deliveries and at the same time a high maternal mortality were identified. These indicators point to the need to improve the quality of prenatal and delivery care.


Los indicadores de morbilidad y de mortalidad materno-infantil son esenciales en el contexto de la organización de la Rede Cegonha (Red Cigüeña), en el ámbito del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS ­ Sistema Único de Saúde). Esa red se organiza para asegurar el acceso, el acogimiento y la capacidad resolutiva, por medio de un modelo de atención dirigido al prenatal, parto, nacimiento, puerperio y sistema logístico. Este artículo presenta un estudio ecológico de la red en una Regional de Saúde (Dirección Regional de Salud) realizado utilizando datos de los Sistemas de Información de Salud del Departamento de Informática del SUS. Se ha verificado un porcentaje creciente de gestantes que realizaron siete o más consultas de prenatal. Sin embargo, pocas gestantes concluyeron la asistencia prenatal, porque no realizaron la consulta de puerperio. Se observó una tasa de mortalidad infantil próxima a la meta estipulada por la ONU. Se identificó un aumento de las cesáreas y una reducción de partos normales, además de una alta mortalidad materna. Esos indicadores apuntan la necesidad de mejorar la calidad de la atención prenatal y de la asistencia al parto.


Assuntos
Humanos , Mortalidade Infantil , Mortalidade Materna , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Saúde da Mulher , Assistência à Saúde , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Sistema Único de Saúde , Saúde da Criança , Parto Humanizado , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil , Estudos Ecológicos , Acolhimento , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
11.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(8): 1318-1326, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701535

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While better outcomes at high-volume surgical centers have driven regionalization of complex surgical care, access to high-volume centers often requires travel over longer distances. We sought to evaluate travel patterns of patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for pancreatic cancer to assess willingness of patients to travel for surgical care. METHODS: The California Office of Statewide Health Planning database was used to identify patients who underwent PD between 2005 and 2016. Total distance traveled, as well as whether a patient bypassed the nearest hospital that performed PD to get to a higher-volume center was assessed. Multivariate analyses were used to identify factors associated with bypassing a local hospital for a higher-volume center. RESULTS: Among 23 014 patients who underwent PD, individuals traveled a median distance of 18.0 miles to get to a hospital that performed PD. The overwhelming majority (84%) of patients bypassed the nearest providing hospital and traveled a median additional 16.6 miles to their destination hospital. Among patients who bypassed the nearest hospital, 13,269 (68.6%) did so for a high-volume destination hospital. Specifically, average annual PD volume at the nearest "bypassed" vs final destination hospital was 29.6 vs 56 cases, respectively. Outcomes at bypassed vs destination hospitals varied (incidence of complications: 39.2% vs 32.4%; failure-to-rescue: 14.5% vs 9.1%). PD at a high-volume center was associated with lower mortality (OR = 0.46 95% CI, 0.22-0.95). High-volume PD ( > 20 cases) was predictive of hospital bypass (OR = 3.8 95% CI, 3.3-4.4). Among patients who had surgery at a low-volume center, nearly 20% bypassed a high-volume hospital in route. Furthermore, among patients who did not bypass a high-volume hospital, one-third would have needed to travel only an additional 30 miles or less to reach the nearest high-volume hospital. CONCLUSION: Most patients undergoing PD bypassed the nearest providing hospital to seek care at a higher-volume hospital. While these data reflect increased regionalization of complex surgical care, nearly 1 in 5 patients still underwent PD at a low-volume center.


Assuntos
Comportamento de Escolha , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Viagem , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Idoso , California/epidemiologia , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Número de Leitos em Hospital , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos
12.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 294, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692797

RESUMO

The number of children who survive to adolescence is increasing in Nigeria, significantly due to the success of child survival programs, with immunization as a major theme. However, the national immunization schedule in Nigeria is presently restricted to early childhood with no attention paid to immunization in adolescence. Presently, the vaccines that are readily available for adolescents include tetanus toxoid which is normally administered to pregnant women, so necessarily includes adolescent mothers; and a few research programs which offers hepatitis B vaccines. Also, there are few Nigerian adolescents who access immunization as a requirement for travelling outside the country or as a result of parental effort. Knowledge and awareness about adolescent immunization is generally poor. Nigerian adolescents have been shown to be poorly protected from tetanus, rubella and hepatitis B which are vaccine preventable. Neonatal, childhood and adult tetanus, congenital rubella syndrome, cervical cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma are just few of the diseases whose incidence can be reduced with an effective adolescent immunization program. This will also ensure that the gains of childhood immunization is concretized and socio-economic losses as a result of vaccine preventable diseases are eliminated to create a healthy and vibrant workforce. There is an urgent need to build a viable adolescent immunization program in Nigeria as adolescents represent a window of opportunity to prevent diseases which affect both the younger and older age group. This can be extended to other developing countries as well.


Assuntos
Programas de Imunização/organização & administração , Esquemas de Imunização , Imunização/métodos , Vacinas/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Nigéria
13.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 299, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692876

RESUMO

Introduction: Persons with disabilities have the same sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs as the abled people but they often face barriers to SRH information and services which are necessary for healthy and safe relationships, protection from HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This study sought to access the SRH services among adolescents with disabilities in four Special Needs Schools in Ghana. Methods: The study adopted a cross-sectional study design with a quantitative approach to data collection between the months of January to March, 2018. A structured and pretested questionnaire was used to collect data from adolescents with disabilities from selected schools in Ghana. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were performed using chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression. Results: Majority of participants had hearing disability (52.1%). The average age at menarche among females was 13 years whiles the age at which puberty was attained among boys was 14 years. School teachers were the major source of information on SRH for the respondents (63.7%) followed by parents (12.2%). A majority (67.1%) of respondents had good knowledge of SRH. Factors which were significantly associated with knowledge level were age (p=0.026), religion (p=0.034), sources of information (p<0.001), guardians (p=0.049). Conclusion: The majority of participants had good knowledge of SRH, although their knowledge of contraceptive and access were poor. Only condoms were mostly known. There is the need for increased awareness on the availability of other contraceptives methods and the removal of barriers to contraceptive methods.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Saúde Reprodutiva , Saúde Sexual , Adolescente , Anticoncepção/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Gana , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Serviços de Saúde Reprodutiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
14.
BMJ ; 367: l5873, 2019 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672760

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the global capacity (availability, accessibility, quality, and affordability) to deliver kidney replacement therapy (dialysis and transplantation) and conservative kidney management. DESIGN: International cross sectional survey. SETTING: International Society of Nephrology (ISN) survey of 182 countries from July to September 2018. PARTICIPANTS: Key stakeholders identified by ISN's national and regional leaders. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Markers of national capacity to deliver core components of kidney replacement therapy and conservative kidney management. RESULTS: Responses were received from 160 (87.9%) of 182 countries, comprising 97.8% (7338.5 million of 7501.3 million) of the world's population. A wide variation was found in capacity and structures for kidney replacement therapy and conservative kidney management-namely, funding mechanisms, health workforce, service delivery, and available technologies. Information on the prevalence of treated end stage kidney disease was available in 91 (42%) of 218 countries worldwide. Estimates varied more than 800-fold from 4 to 3392 per million population. Rwanda was the only low income country to report data on the prevalence of treated disease; 5 (<10%) of 53 African countries reported these data. Of 159 countries, 102 (64%) provided public funding for kidney replacement therapy. Sixty eight (43%) of 159 countries charged no fees at the point of care delivery and 34 (21%) made some charge. Haemodialysis was reported as available in 156 (100%) of 156 countries, peritoneal dialysis in 119 (76%) of 156 countries, and kidney transplantation in 114 (74%) of 155 countries. Dialysis and kidney transplantation were available to more than 50% of patients in only 108 (70%) and 45 (29%) of 154 countries that offered these services, respectively. Conservative kidney management was available in 124 (81%) of 154 countries. Worldwide, the median number of nephrologists was 9.96 per million population, which varied with income level. CONCLUSIONS: These comprehensive data show the capacity of countries (including low income countries) to provide optimal care for patients with end stage kidney disease. They demonstrate substantial variability in the burden of such disease and capacity for kidney replacement therapy and conservative kidney management, which have implications for policy.


Assuntos
Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Nefrologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapia de Substituição Renal/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Países em Desenvolvimento/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos
15.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(8): 1335-1340, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Negative consequences of tobacco use during cancer treatment are well-documented but more in-depth, patient-level data are needed to understand patient beliefs about continued smoking (vs cessation) during gastrointestinal (GI) cancer treatment. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 10 patients who were active smokers being treated for GI cancers and 5 caregivers of such patients. All interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and uploaded to NVivo. We consensus coded data inductively using conventional content analysis and iteratively developed our codebook. We developed data matrices to categorize the themes regarding patient perspectives on smoking as well as presumed barriers to smoking cessation during active therapy. RESULTS: Our interviews revealed three consistent themes: (a) Smoking cessation is not necessarily desired by many patients who have received a cancer diagnosis; (b) Failure in past quit attempts may lead to feelings of hopeless about future attempts, especially during cancer treatment; (c) Patients perceived little to no access to smoking cessation treatment at the time of their cancer diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Well-designed systemic changes that promote the positive and efficacious effects of quitting smoking during cancer treatment, and that provide barrier-free access to such treatments may be helpful in promoting tobacco-free behavior during cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/psicologia , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/psicologia , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fumar/psicologia
16.
N C Med J ; 80(6): 344-347, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685567

RESUMO

North Carolina has approximately 36,500 prisoners. As the population becomes more complex, the Department of Public Safety still has the responsibility to provide medical care to all those in its custody. Despite staffing shortages, limited financial resources, and logistical challenges the state must continue to provide access to care.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Prisioneiros , Prisões/organização & administração , Humanos , North Carolina
19.
Rev. bioét. derecho ; (47): 93-107, nov. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184868

RESUMO

Este artículo tiene como propósito reflexionar sobre la situación de estigma y discriminación que afecta a personas con VIH/SIDA. Esto constituye una vulneración a los derechos fundamentales de estas personas y una barrera en el avance hacia la eliminación de la enfermedad. Ya que estudios realizados en diferentes países dan cuenta que las personas en esta condición se sienten discriminadas por la sociedad, y por los profesionales de la salud. Este es uno de los aspectos que ha dificultado el acceso al tratamiento, su adhesión, y educación para el cambio de conducta en los grupos de riesgo


Aquest article té com a propòsit reflexionar sobre la situació d'estigma i discriminació que afecta a persones amb VIH/SIDA. Això constitueix una vulneració dels drets fonamentals d'aquestes persones i una barrera en l'avanç cap a l'eliminació de la malaltia. Estudis realitzats en diferents països exposen que les persones en aquesta condició se senten discriminades per la societat i pels professionals de la salut. Aquest és un dels aspectes que ha dificultat l'accés al tractament, l'adhesió al mateix, i educació per al canvi de conducta en el grups de risc


This article aims to reflect on the situation of stigma and discrimination affecting people with HIV/AIDS. This constitutes a violation of the fundamental rights of these people and a barrier to progress towards the elimination of the disease. Studies carried out in different countries show that people in this condition feel discriminated against by society and by health professionals. This is one of the aspects that has hindered access to treatment, adherence, and behaviour change education in at-risk groups


Assuntos
Humanos , Ageismo/ética , Sexismo , Discriminação Social , Estigma Social , Grupos de Risco , Relações Profissional-Paciente/ética , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Pessoal de Saúde/ética , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , Soroprevalência de HIV , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/ética , Direitos Humanos
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