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1.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0272285, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35913902

RESUMO

The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake (within Fukushima, Iwate, and Miyagi prefectures) was a complex disaster; it caused a tsunami and the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, resulting in radiation exposure. This study investigated the earthquake's effects on the migration patterns of pregnant women and their concerns regarding radiation exposure. We also considered the following large-scale earthquakes without radiation exposure: Great Hanshin-Awaji (Hyogo prefecture), Niigata-Chuetsu, and Kumamoto. Pregnant women were categorized as outflow and inflow pregnant women. Data on the annual number of births three years before and after the earthquake were used as a denominator to calculate the outflow and inflow rates per 100 births. The odds ratios of annual outflow and inflow rates after the earthquake, using three years before the earthquake as the baseline, were calculated. The odds-ratio for outflow significantly increased for Hyogo, Fukushima, Miyagi, and Kumamoto prefectures after the earthquake, particularly for Fukushima, showing a significant increase until three years post the Great East Japan Earthquake (disaster year: odds-ratio: 2.66 [95% confidence interval: 2.44-2.90], 1 year post: 1.37 [1.23-1.52], 2 years post: 1.13 [1.00-1.26], 3 years post: 1.18 [1.05-1.31]), while the remaining three prefectures reported limited increases post one year. The inflow decreased after the earthquake, particularly in Fukushima, showing a significant decrease until 2 years post the Great East Japan Earthquake (disaster year: 0.58 [0.53-0.63], 1 year post: 0.76 [0.71-0.82], 2 years post: 0.83 [0.77-0.89]). Thus, pregnant women's migration patterns changed after large-scale earthquakes, suggesting radiation exposure concerns possibly have a significant effects. These results suggested that plans for receiving assistance and support that considers the peculiarities of disaster related damage and pregnant women's migration patterns are needed in both the affected and non-affected areas.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Exposição à Radiação , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Parto , Gravidez , Gestantes , Exposição à Radiação/efeitos adversos , Tsunamis
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35954851

RESUMO

There has been an increase in lifestyle-related diseases in Fukushima Prefecture since the Great East Japan Earthquake. However, the overall long-term trends of lifestyle-related diseases in the Fukushima Prefecture according to the evacuation and other area are not reported. Therefore, we examined the long-term trends in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome before and after the Great East Japan Earthquake in Fukushima Prefecture according to these areas using a national database. The target population was approximately 330,000-440,000 per year; Fukushima Prefecture residents aged 40-74 years who underwent specific health check-ups during 2008-2017 participated in the study. Fukushima was divided into mountainous, central, coastal and evacuation areas. Using the Poisson regression model, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in each fiscal year was determined by gender and age group for each location and compared before and after the disaster as well as between areas. Prevalence increased significantly throughout the observation period, particularly in the evacuation area. Age- and gender-adjusted prevalence rates significantly increased from 16.2% in 2010 to 19.5% in 2012 (prevalence ratios = 1.21) and 20.4% in 2017 in the evacuation area. Among other areas, coastal areas showed the highest increase with 17.9% (2017), followed by central areas with 16.5% (2017) and mountainous areas with 18.3% (2016). These increases were particularly high among men and the elderly. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome increased rapidly after the disaster, especially in evacuation area, and continued for subsequent 6-7 year. Long-term monitoring and measures to prevent lifestyle-related diseases are needed after major disasters, especially in evacuation areas, among men and the elderly.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Síndrome Metabólica , Idoso , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia
3.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 11243, 2022 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35788621

RESUMO

Understanding the actual situation of radiocesium (137Cs) contamination of trees caused by the Fukushima nuclear accident is essential for predicting the future contamination of wood. Particularly important is determining whether the 137Cs dynamics within forests and trees have reached apparent steady state. We conducted a monitoring survey of four major tree species (Japanese cedar, Japanese cypress, konara oak, and Japanese red pine) at multiple sites. Using a dynamic linear model, we analyzed the temporal trends in 137Cs activity concentrations in the bark (whole), outer bark, inner bark, wood (whole), sapwood, and heartwood during the 2011-2020 period. The activity concentrations were decay-corrected to September 1, 2020, to exclude the decrease due to the radioactive decay. The 137Cs concentrations in the whole and outer bark samples showed an exponential decrease in most plots but a flat trend in one plot, where 137Cs root uptake is considered to be high. The 137Cs concentration ratio (CR) of inner bark/sapwood showed a flat trend but the CR of heartwood/sapwood increased in many plots, indicating that the 137Cs dynamics reached apparent steady state within one year in the biologically active parts (inner bark and sapwood) and after several to more than 10 years in the inactive part (heartwood). The 137Cs concentration in the whole wood showed an increasing trend in six plots. In four of these plots, the increasing trend shifted to a flat or decreasing trend. Overall, the results show that the 137Cs dynamics within forests and trees have reached apparent steady state in many plots, although the amount of 137Cs root uptake in some plots is possibly still increasing 10 years after the accident. Clarifying the mechanisms and key factors determining the amount of 137Cs root uptake will be crucial for predicting wood contamination.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Radioisótopos de Césio , Casca de Planta , Árvores , Madeira
4.
Radiat Environ Biophys ; 61(3): 341-359, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35869396

RESUMO

Radionuclide contamination is a concerning threat due to unexpected nuclear disasters and authorized discharge of radioactive elements, both in the past and in present times. Use of atomic power for energy generation is associated with unresolved issues concerning storage of residues and contaminants. For example, the nuclear accidents in Chernobyl 1986 and Fukushima 2011 resulted in considerable deposition of cesium (Cs) in soil, along with other radionuclides. Among Cs radioactive variants, the anthropogenic radioisotope 137Cs (t½ = 30.16 years) is of serious environmental concern, owing to its rapid incorporation into biological systems and emission of ß and γ radiation during the decaying process. To remediate contaminated areas, mostly conventional techniques are applied that are not eco-friendly. Hence, an alternative green technology, i.e., phytoremediation, should in future be considered and implemented. This sustainable technology generates limited secondary waste and its objectives are to utilize hyper-accumulating plants to extract, stabilize, degrade, and filter the radionuclides. The review highlights plant mechanisms for up-taking radionuclides and influences of different environmental factors involved in the process, while considering its long-term effects.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Monitoramento de Radiação , Poluentes Radioativos do Solo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Radioisótopos de Césio , Japão , Poluentes Radioativos do Solo/análise
5.
PLoS One ; 17(7): e0271035, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35802691

RESUMO

Many lichens are well known to accumulate radiocaesium and, thus acting as biomonitors of contamination levels. However, the actual localisation and chemical forms of radiocaesium in contaminated lichens have not yet been elucidated because, despite their high radioactivity, these forms are present in trace amounts as chemical entities. Here, we use autoradiography and demonstrate for the first time in situ microscale localisation of radiocaesium within thallus tissues to investigate the radiocaesium forms and their accumulation mechanism. Radiocaesium distributions showed similar trends in lichen tissues collected two and six years after the Fukushima nuclear accident. The radiocaesium was localised in the brown pigmented parts i.e., melanin-like substances, in the lower cortex of lichen thallus. Quantum chemical calculations showed that functional group of melanin-like substances can chelate Cs+ ion, which indicates that the Cs+ ions form complexes with the substances. Based on these findings, we suggest that radiocaesium ions may be retained stably in melanin-like substances for long periods (two to six years) due to steric factors, such as those seen in porphyrin-like structures and via multimer formation in the lower cortex. In addition, electron microscopy and autoradiography were used to observe radiocaesium-bearing microparticles (CsMPs) on/in the upper cortex and around the medullary layer. Micron-sized particles appeared to adhere to the surface tissue of the thallus, as shown by electron microscopy, suggesting that the particles were trapped by development of an adhesive layer; that is, CsMPs were trapped both physically and physiologically. These findings provide information on in situ localisation of two chemical forms of radiocaesium, cations and particles, in lichen thallus tissues and their accumulation mechanisms.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Líquens , Monitoramento de Radiação , Radioisótopos de Césio/análise , Melaninas
6.
J Radiat Res ; 63(4): 609-614, 2022 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35780302

RESUMO

Electron spin resonance (ESR) dosimetry is one of the most powerful tools for radiation dose reconstruction. The detection limit of this technique using human teeth is reported to be 56 mGy or 67 mGy; however, the absorbed dose of Fukushima residents after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP) accident was estimated to be lower than this detection limit. Our aim is to assess the absorbed radiation dose of children in Fukushima Prefecture after the accident; therefore, it is important to estimate the detection limit for their teeth. The detection limit for enamel of deciduous teeth of Japanese children separated by the mechanical method is estimated to be 115.0 mGy. The density separation method can effectively separate enamel from third molars of Japanese people. As we have collected thousands of teeth from children in Fukushima, the present technique may be useful to examine their external absorbed dose after the FNPP accident.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Dente Decíduo , Criança , Esmalte Dentário , Dentina , Espectroscopia de Ressonância de Spin Eletrônica/métodos , Humanos , Japão , Limite de Detecção , Doses de Radiação
7.
J Radiol Prot ; 42(3)2022 07 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35764063

RESUMO

The initial health impact caused by radiation disasters can be broadly classified into direct and indirect effects. Though no direct health hazards caused by radiation, such as acute radiation injury, were observed following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident, indirect deaths have been reported, including those caused by initial emergency evacuation and relocation, medical disruption, and psychological and social health effects. However, these indirect health effects have not been prioritised for addressal. We evaluated the radiation disaster experience with that of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic that emerged while facing the challenges from the radiation disaster. Most of the health effects of COVID-19 are directly associated with infection, but indirect health effects of various scales and entities have been reported. The two disasters have similarities in terms of the strain on community healthcare and the large number of deaths. Adapting the measures implemented in the acute to subacute phases of the COVID-19 disaster to radiation disasters may help improve management following future radiation disasters. Based on the experience and findings during the COVID-19 pandemic, the pattern of deaths in radiation disasters can be divided into five major groups: direct deaths, and four indirect patterns of deaths due to a deteriorating supply-demand balance (a hospital-level problem), collapse of the healthcare system (a community-level problem), death due to neglect alongside underlying disease, and diseases other than direct invasion. From the similarities between the two disasters, three main issues should be prioritised as initial emergency evacuation measures in a radiation disaster: emergency exposure medicine, the establishment of a medical system, and protection of death with dignity. The validity of these priority issues needs to be verified in future research.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Desastres , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Humanos , Japão , Centrais Nucleares , Pandemias
8.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 290: 1074-1075, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35673212

RESUMO

We developed a mobile application (app) to help communication between support providers and residents who have returned from evacuation after the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident. Surveys were conducted among returning residents and support providers in coastal areas of Fukushima Prefecture, from which application functions and layout were decided. App functions were included to estimate external exposure, monitor health, and facilitate interactive health counseling.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Aplicativos Móveis , Comunicação , Japão , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
J Environ Radioact ; 250: 106907, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35660574

RESUMO

We have determined the hourly atmospheric concentrations of 129I in aerosols dispersed into the atmosphere by the nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FD1NPP) on March 11, 2011. Data were obtained by measuring the quantity of 129I in suspended particulate matter (SPM) collected on filter tapes at 41 SPM monitoring stations in Fukushima and other prefectures in eastern Japan, including the metropolitan area of Tokyo and the surrounding area. After scrutiny, 500 out of 920 hourly SPM samples were determined to be reliable (i.e., devoid of cross-contamination), and these were subjected to further analysis and discussion. Based on the data from these samples, especially data from the four SPM sampling sites located close to the FD1NPP (Futaba, Naraha, Haramachi and Nihonmatsu), the time-series variations in the atmospheric concentration of 129I and the activity ratio of 129I/137Cs were reconstructed by using 137Cs concentration data in the literature. 129I and 137Cs were observed to be continuously and sometimes explosively dispersed into the atmosphere in aerosols transported by radioactive plumes from the FD1NPP. The highest activity concentrations of 129I and 137Cs were observed in the SPM sample at the Futaba SPM station (3.2 km west-northwest of the FD1NPP) at 14:00-15:00 on March 12 after the venting of Unit 1. Systematically high 129I/137Cs activity ratios were observed at the Futaba and Haramachi stations from March 12 to 14, suggesting that radioactive masses released from the FD1NPP during the first few days after the nuclear accident were relatively enriched in radioiodine. High activity ratios of 129I/137Cs were also measured starting on March 21 at Naraha (17.5 km south of FD1NPP) and from March 22-23 in the metropolitan area which must have been caused by a different type of emission event(s) on those days at the FD1NPP, as previously reported. The 129I data from this study are highly effective in the validation and elaboration of the modelling of the atmospheric dispersion of radioiodine. They further contribute to assessing the internal exposure due to inhalation of 131I estimated by means of such elaborate atmospheric diffusion models.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Monitoramento de Radiação , Aerossóis/análise , Radioisótopos de Césio/análise , Radioisótopos do Iodo/análise , Japão , Material Particulado/análise
10.
J Environ Radioact ; 250: 106931, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35661476

RESUMO

The spatial distributions of 134Cs, 137Cs, 226Ra, and 228Ra in/around the southwestern Sea of Okhotsk were examined in July 2019 and July 2021. Wide variations in the concentrations of these radionuclides were detected at the surface, including 0.2-0.7 mBq/L of 134Cs (decay-corrected to the date of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident), which indicated a large mixing ratio between the Soya Warm Current and East Sakhalin Current/Okhotsk Sea Surface Water. The Intermediate Cold Water at depths of approximately 30-300 m was subjected to the effects of 226Ra-rich and 228Ra-poor intermediate (or deeper) seawater. Moreover, the 134Cs concentrations were maximum in 2021 (approximately 0.6 mBq/L), which most probably resulted from the increase in 134Cs concentrations in the southward dense shelf water along the eastern Sakhalin Island along with the effect in the Okhotsk Sea Intermediate Water originating from the western subarctic water (e.g., the East Kamchatka Current) in the Pacific Ocean.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Monitoramento de Radiação , Rádio (Elemento) , Poluentes Radioativos da Água , Radioisótopos de Césio/análise , Japão , Oceano Pacífico , Rádio (Elemento)/análise , Água , Poluentes Radioativos da Água/análise
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35742732

RESUMO

Studies of the aftermath of nuclear power plant accidents show that affected citizens assess higher risks and adopt more risk-avoidant behaviors than authorities expect. This results in differences between the planned recovery and actual outcomes. Based on this knowledge, this study examined the factors that affect citizens' preference to continue living in a decontaminated area. Testing the key aspects of the protective action decision model (PADM), this study analyzed Swedish survey data (N = 2291) regarding such an accident scenario. Several aspects of the PADM, from the layperson's view of threats and protective actions, to stakeholders and situational factors, were strongly supported. The most influential variables affecting settlement choices are perceptions of radiation risk, perceptions of decontamination effectiveness, government information, living with certain restrictions, and attachment to an area because of one's work. A novel contribution of this study is that it ranked the significance of such effects on behavioral intentions in an emergency scenario. Regarding the policy recommendations, this study concluded that a recovery program must facilitate most aspects of people's lives and provide trustworthy information on decontamination efficiency. As some people will avoid potential health risks and leave a decontaminated area, planning to implement one solution for everyone would likely not be optimal.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Liberação Nociva de Radioativos , Descontaminação , Humanos , Japão , Centrais Nucleares
14.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 10805, 2022 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35752644

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the sequential changes in the proportion of anemia among young women over eight years after the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011 using a prospective study of the Fukushima Health Management Survey. This study focused on the women aged between 20 and 44 who lived in the evacuation area of the nuclear power plant accident. The yearly age-adjusted proportion of anemia was accessed with data between July 2011 and March 2019. A total of 9,198 women participated in the health checkup in 2011, albeit the participation was decreased to 1,241 in 2018. The age-adjusted proportion of anemia was 16.7% in 2012 and then declined after 2013 (p with Cochran-Armitage trend test = 0.03). The multivariate regression analysis identified < 23 kg/m2 of body mass index (BMI), no history of smoking, and no habitual alcohol use as independent baseline characteristics predictive of temporality anemic condition after the disaster (Adjusted odds ratios [95% confidence interval]; 1.98 [1.43-2.74], 1.85 [1.21-2.83], and 1.42 [1.07-1.90], respectively). Thus, women with low BMI and healthier habits might risk temporarily anemic status after the disaster. Our findings signal the importance of preventing anemia in young women after the disaster.


Assuntos
Anemia , Terremotos , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Adulto , Anemia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
15.
PLoS One ; 17(6): e0269702, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35731732

RESUMO

Large-scale decontamination work has been carried out in the aftermath of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power station accident in Japan in 2011. The soil that was removed and the wastes that were generated during the decontamination will be finally disposed of outside Fukushima Prefecture by 2045. To ensure successful and socially acceptable implementation of this final disposal process, it is essential to have a good understanding of what is considered important by the public. We used a choice-based conjoint analysis in the form of a web-based questionnaire to examine the relative importance of several factors in the choice of the final disposal sites of the removed soil and incinerated ash of the wastes. The questionnaires covered four attributes and 12 levels, namely the distance between the disposal site and a person's residential area, procedural fairness (decision process), distributive fairness (direct mitigation of inequity through multiple siting locations), and the volume and radioactivity of the substances to be disposed. Responses were received from 4000 people nationwide, excluding Fukushima residents. The results showed that the respondents gave high importance to choosing sites that were far from residential areas and to the two types of fairness, especially distributive fairness. The respondents showed no preference for the volume and radioactivity. This indicates that the public cares about the fairness of the siting for the final disposal sites and feels uncomfortable with plans for a final disposal site located close to them. Distributive fairness is necessary to pursue consensus in addition to procedural fairness.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Poluição Ambiental , Humanos , Japão , Solo
16.
Health Phys ; 123(3): 218-228, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35678725

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Louisiana has aligned its radiological emergency program with the 2017 US Environmental Protection Agency Protective Action Guides Manual but has added a child thyroid dose evacuation threshold in lieu of distributing potassium iodide to the public. The nuclear power plants will continue to align with the 1992 manual for the foreseeable future, which could lead to possible accident scenarios in which state recommendations would differ from those of the utility. The objective of this study is to predict what accident and weather conditions will lead to a differing set of recommendations. This study performs a representative set of simulations of potential nuclear power plant accidents using a combination of the RASCAL software package, provided by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and a Software system used by Entergy combining an older RASCAL dose modeling methodology with plant-specific input. Four preliminary results of this study are presented: a spent fuel fire where differences in whole body dose lead to very different evacuations, a loss of coolant accident in which the child thyroid dose is the determining factor, a core melt accident using stack monitors to locate the evacuation threshold point, and a spiked coolant accident that could lead to an evacuation order before the plant declares a General Emergency. Weather plays as great a role as accident conditions in determining whether the evacuation recommendations differ. The completed results of this study can provide guidance to states as they evaluate the transition to the 2017 guidelines.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Centrais Nucleares , Acidentes , Criança , Humanos , Louisiana , Glândula Tireoide
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35565055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the association between evacuation status and lifestyle-related disease risks among Fukushima residents following the Great East Japan earthquake. METHODS: Fukushima health management survey respondents were classified into non-evacuees, returnees, evacuees in lifted areas, and evacuees in banned areas. During a seven-year follow-up, 22,234 men and 31,158 women were included. Those with a history of diabetes, hypertension, or dyslipidemia at baseline were excluded. The odds ratios of risk factors (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia were calculated using a logistic regression model. Spatial autocorrelation of the prevalence of these diseases in the Fukushima area in 2017, was calculated to detect the disease prevalence status. RESULTS: The risks of diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia were higher in evacuees in banned areas than in non-evacuees; the multivariable ORs were 1.32 (95% CI: 1.19-1.46), 1.15 (1.06-1.25), and 1.20 (1.11-1.30) for diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, respectively. Returnees and evacuees in lifted areas had no increased risk of diseases. The area analyzed had a non-uniform spatial distribution of diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia, with clusters around Fukushima and Koriyama. CONCLUSION: Our findings imply the need for continuous support for evacuees in banned areas.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Terremotos , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Hipertensão , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Japão/epidemiologia , Estilo de Vida , Masculino
19.
J Radiol Prot ; 42(2)2022 05 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35638554

RESUMO

State-of-the-art dose assessment models were applied to estimate doses to the population in urban areas contaminated by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. Assessment results were compared among five models, and comparisons of model predictions with actual measurements were also made. Assessments were performed using both probabilistic and deterministic approaches. Predicted dose distributions for indoor and outdoor workers from a probabilistic approach were in good agreement with the actual measurements. In addition, when the models were applied to assess the doses to the representative person, based on a concept recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection and in the International Atomic Energy Agency Safety Standards, it was evident that doses to the representative person obtained with a deterministic approach were always higher than those obtained with a probabilistic approach using the same model.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Proteção Radiológica , Humanos
20.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0268629, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35594311

RESUMO

After the Tokyo Electric Power Company Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident in Japan, freshwater ecosystems near the site remained contaminated by radiocesium (RCs). Clarifying RCs concentrations in aquatic insects is crucial because fishes consume these insects that transfer RCs into freshwater ecosystems. As aquatic insects are usually measured for radioactivity in bulk samples of several tens of insects, variation in RCs concentration among individuals is not captured. In this study, we investigated the variability in 137Cs activity concentration in individual aquatic insects in detritivorous caddisfly (Stenopsyche marmorata) and carnivorous dobsonfly (Protohermes grandis) larvae from the Ota River, Fukushima. Caddisfly larvae showed sporadically higher radioactivity in 4 of the 46 caddisfly larvae, whereas no such outliers were observed in 45 dobsonfly larvae. Autoradiography and scanning electron microscopy analyses confirmed that these caddisfly larvae samples contained radiocesium-bearing microparticles (CsMPs), which are insoluble Cs-bearing silicate glass particles. CsMPs were also found in potential food sources of caddisfly larvae, such as periphyton and drifting particulate organic matter, indicating that larvae may ingest CsMPs along with food particles of similar size. Although CsMP distribution and uptake by organisms in freshwater ecosystems is relatively unknown, our study demonstrates that CsMPs can be taken up by aquatic insects.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Holometábolos , Monitoramento de Radiação , Poluentes Radioativos da Água , Animais , Radioisótopos de Césio/análise , Ecossistema , Insetos , Japão , Material Particulado/análise , Rios , Poluentes Radioativos da Água/análise
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