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2.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 24: e210005, 2021.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439941

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence and time trend of typical work accidents in the textile and clothing industry in Santa Catarina from 2008 to 2017. METHODS: This was a retrospective epidemiological study based on data from the Annual Social Information Report (RAIS). The time trend was analyzed by calculating the average annual change and logistic regression. RESULTS: There was a downward trend in the incidence of occupational accidents in Santa Catarina during the period studied (8.8%). The highest incidence occurred in 2008 among men (12.6%), workers aged between 40 and 49 years (6.7%), black people (7.4%), people with less than 12 years of education (5.0%), with an average income of 3 to 7 minimum wages (7.0%), with up to 4 years of employment (6.9%), workers in the manufacture of textile products (10, 3%), medium-sized establishments (that is, between 100 and 499 workers; 7.9%) and in the regions of Greater Florianópolis (7.0%) and Vale do Itajaí (6.8%). CONCLUSIONS: The risk for typical occupational accidents dropped significantly over the period studied. However, future studies are needed to analyze new relationships that may point to other associated factors. It is hoped that this study can contribute to support measures for the prevention, promotion, protection and rehabilitation of the health of workers in this production sector.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho , Vestuário , Indústria Manufatureira , Têxteis , Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 74(6): 1408-1412, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33384232

RESUMO

The two-month nationwide lockdown implemented in Australia in response to COVID-19 involved restrictions on social gatherings and non-essential services, resulting in marked changes to the distribution of time spent at home and in the workplace. Given the likelihood of future lockdowns, this study aimed to investigate whether the lockdown was associated with an alteration in the pattern of acute hand injuries admitted to Sydney Hospital Hand Unit relative to the same period in 2019, and whether target areas for preventative strategies could be identified. During the lockdown period in 2020, 332 acute presentations were noted, and in the same period in 2019, 310 cases were noted. The mean patient age was higher in 2020, largely due to a 327% increase in do-it-yourself (DIY) injuries. Workplace injuries increased in 2020 despite a 9.5% reduction in hours-worked, reflecting a redistribution of workers into manual labour jobs with a higher risk for hand injuries. Patients who suffered low-energy injuries at work were also significantly younger in 2020, suggesting this effect was most pronounced in younger age-groups, probably due to the shutdown of hospitality-based industries. Domestic violence-related injuries increased in 2020, highlighting the need to maintain resources to provide support in such cases at subspecialty hand units, which are often largely outpatient-centred. This study, therefore, identified a number of key areas that could be targeted in the event of future lockdowns, including messages regarding safe DIY activities, and more stringent requirements regarding worksite briefing and safety for people commencing labour-based jobs, especially if transferring from another industry.


Assuntos
Acidentes Domésticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Traumatismos da Mão/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Quarentena , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Austrália/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
J Safety Res ; 75: 111-118, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334467

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine coders' agreement level for the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS) source of injury and injury event codes, and the Farm and Agricultural Injury Classification (FAIC) code in the AgInjuryNews.org and to determine the effects of supplemental information and follow-up discussion in final code assignments. METHODS: Two independent researchers initially coded 1304 injury cases from AgInjurynews.org using the OIICS and the FAIC coding schemes. Code agreement levels for injury source, event, and FAIC and the effect of supplemental information and follow-up discussions on final coding was assessed. RESULTS: Coders' agreement levels were almost perfect for OIICS source and event categories at the 3-digit level, with lower agreement at the 4-digit level. By using supplemental information and follow-up discussion, coders improved the coding accuracy by an average 20% for FAIC. Supplemental information and follow-up discussions had helped finalize the disagreed codes 55% of the time for OIICS source coding assignments and 40% of time for OIICS event coding assignments for most detailed 4-digit levels. Five key themes emerged regarding accurate and consistent coding of the agricultural injuries: inclusion/exclusion based on industry classification system; inconsistent/discrepant reports; incomplete/nonspecific reports; effects of supplemental information on coding; and differing interpretations of code selection rules. Practical applications: Quantifying the level of agreement for agricultural injuries will lead to a better understanding of coding discrepancies and may uncover areas for improvement to coding scheme itself. High level of initial and final agreement with FAIC and OIICS codes suggest that these coding schemes are user-friendly and amenable to widespread use.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Agricultura , Codificação Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estados Unidos
5.
J Safety Res ; 75: 51-56, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334492

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Vessel disasters (e.g., sinkings, capsizings) are a leading contributor to fatalities in the U.S. commercial fishing industry. Primary prevention strategies are needed to reduce the occurrence of vessel disasters, which can only be done by developing an understanding of their causes and risk factors. If less serious vessel casualties (e.g., loss of propulsion, fire, flooding) are predictors of future disasters, then reducing vessel casualties should in turn reduce vessel disasters and the accompanying loss of life. METHOD: This case-control study examined the association between vessel casualties and disasters using fishing vessels in Alaska during 2010-2015. RESULTS: The findings show that vessels that experienced casualties within a preceding 10-year period were at increased odds of disaster. Other significant predictors included safety decal status and hull material. Practical Applications: The results of this analysis emphasize the importance of implementing vessel-specific preventive maintenance plans. At an industry level, specific prevention policies should be developed focusing on high-risk fleets to identify and correct a wide range of safety deficits before they have catastrophic and fatal consequences.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Desastres/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesqueiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Alaska , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Modelos Teóricos , Fatores de Risco , Navios
6.
Environ Health Prev Med ; 25(1): 24, 2020 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Japanese health and welfare industry has a shortage of professional caregivers, and work-related accidents and injuries among this group are therefore especially critical issues. This study aimed to examine the factors associated with turnover intentions and work-related injuries and accidents among professional caregivers in Japan. METHODS: Self-report questionnaires were distributed to care workers (N = 1396) at 26 geriatric-care facilities. The questionnaire addressed basic attributes, work and organizational characteristics, wage adequacy, and intrinsic motivations for work (e.g., "being suited to caring work"). Social-relational aspects of the work environment were assessed via three subscales of the Social Capital and Ethical Climate in the Workplace instrument (i.e., "Social Capital in the Workplace," "Exclusive Workplace Climate," and "Ethical Leadership"). Dependent variables were the experience of work-related accidents or injuries in the prior year and organizational and occupational turnover intentions. We used datasets of professional caregivers for analyses. RESULTS: The response rate was 68% (N = 949). Among the 667 professional caregivers, 63% were female. On multivariable logistic regression analysis for work-related accidents and injuries for each sex, those with higher scores for "being suited to caring work" were found to experience significantly fewer work-related accidents and injuries (odds ratio [OR] = 0.78, p < 0.01) among female caregivers. Male caregivers who perceived an exclusive workplace climate experienced more work-related accidents and injuries (OR = 1.61, p < 0.01). However, experience of work-related accidents and injuries did not show significant relationships with organizational and occupational turnover intentions. Additionally, "being suited to caring work" (OR = 0.73, p < 0.01) and ethical leadership (OR = 0.76, p < 0.05) were found to be negatively associated with organizational turnover intentions. "Being suited to caring work" (OR = 0.61, p < 0.01), inadequacy of wage (OR = 2.22, p < 0.05), and marital status (OR = 2.69, p < 0.01) were also associated with occupational turnover intentions of professional caregivers. CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the need to foster intrinsic motivations for work as well as providing a supportive and ethical work environment to reduce high turnover rates and work-related injuries and accidents among professional caregivers.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Cuidadores/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/estatística & dados numéricos , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Intenção , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autorrelato
7.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 591, 2020 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The agriculture sector consistently ranks among the most hazardous occupational industries globally with high risk of job-related injuries, illnesses, disability, and death. In 2015, the agricultural fatal work injury rate in the United States was 22.8 per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers; seven times the all-worker fatal injury rate of 3.4 per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers. In this study we identified the factors that are associated with workplace accident and injuries at the Goldtree (SL) Limited Company - a private international agro-industrial palm kernel oil company operating in eastern Sierra Leone. METHODS: This is a descriptive research that made use of both qualitative and quantitative research techniques to collect and analyse agro-industrial occupation-related accident and injuries of workers attached to the Goldtree (SL) Limited Company, an international palm kernel oil producing and marketing company in Sierra Leone. We analyzed the responses of 100 workers at the Goldtree (SL) Limited Company that are related to their work safety, adherence to work safety guidelines as well as working habit. RESULTS: Thirty nine (39.0%) of the workers interviewed in this study said they had been involved in some forms of occupational accident; (33.3%) of those involved in some form of occupational-related accidents have been working in the company for 3-5 years, 22.0% have been working at the company for at least 2 years; 7.7% have been working for 6-8 years (X2 = 9.88, p-value = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Workers who have spent few years in the job, and those workers who have confidence that management is committed to addressing health and safety issues, believed that their working tools were in excellent condition, or agreed that they have the rights and responsibilities for an effective workplace health and safety system have decreased odds of experiencing occupational-related accidents or injury at the study site.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Indústrias/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/epidemiologia , Adulto , Agricultura , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Segurança , Serra Leoa , Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32349244

RESUMO

Accidents in high-danger industries in China occur frequently and cause loss of life, injuries, and economic loss. One of the most important reasons causing severe safety situations is the lack of knowledge on macro industry risk in the practice and academic field in China. In order to solve this problem, the method to calculate group risk and individual risk, concerning risk aversion, is discussed, selected, and improved. The group risks and individual risks of five high-danger industries from 2004 to 2016 are calculated. Relative risk indices between five high-danger industries during the 11th and 12th Five-Year Guideline for National Economic and Social Development (FYP) are determined. The results show that there are some differences between group risk and individual risk of high-danger industries. The reasons for differences and the connections with published interventions are discussed. Through discussion, two different ways to reduce group risk and individual risk are identified, which could help supervisors inspect the actual effectiveness of safety policies, measures, and interventions and choose a better way to reduce risk and ensure work safety in industries.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Indústrias , China , Humanos , Risco
9.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 138(1): 79-85, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Occupational accidents are a complex phenomenon and a major public health problem. Occupational health surveillance actions are essential for prevention of injuries of this nature. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the prevalence of and the variables associated with occupational accidents in the city of Itajubá (MG). DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, based on a household survey with random sampling, was conducted in areas covered by the Family Health Strategy (FHS) in Itajubá (MG). METHODS: Questionnaires were applied to 292 people. The data were analyzed by means of logistic regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of occupational accidents was 8.6%. The underreporting rate was 60.0%. The scenario for these accidents, according to the model established through the regression analysis, was most likely to involve males who declared their skin color as white and who did not have a formal employment contract. CONCLUSION: This study makes a contribution towards unveiling the relationship between healthcare and work, and thus serve as support for the development of strategies to prevent underreporting. Lastly, the results provide the basis for future public health intervention actions and for future studies.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde da Família , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
10.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 27(1): 6-14, 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32208573

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was recognition of opinions of forestry employees concerning causes of accidents in forestry, and evaluation of which of the selected demographic characteristics of forestry employees are associated with their opinions concerning causes of occupational accidents. An attempt was also undertaken to answer the question whether there is any relationship between the opinions of forestry employees pertaining to the causes of accidents at work, and observance of the OSH principles concerning the use of protection measures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The survey included 135 forestry employees and conducted by using an author-constructed questionnaire containing items which primarily concerning the causes of accidents at work and the protection measures applied. The opinions of forestry employees pertaining to the causes of accidents were analyzed according to independent variables, such as: workplace, period of employment, age, education level, and an index of the level of the respondents' concern about OSH (index of the use of personal protection measures by the respondents). The significance of differences between the subgroups selected according to the above-mentioned variables was assessed using the chi-square test. RESULTS: Forestry employees most frequently indicated such causes of accidents as the lack of e use of protection equipment (63.7%), bravado and neglecting hazards (63%), as well as entering or staying in a danger zone during tree felling (56.3%). Nearly a half of the respondents (48.1%) mentioned as the cause of accidents the improper and self-willed behaviour of an employee. The respondents additionally mentioned being taken by surprise by an unexpected event (40%), and the inadequate state of machinery, equipment, and vehicles (36.3%). CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results of the study concerning the causes of accidents in forestry, it was found that the examined forestry employees show high awareness and knowledge concerning the causes of occupational accidents in forestry. The greatest differences in the way of perceiving the causes of accidents and hazards were observed according to the respondents' period of employment and age. In addition, a relationship was observed between indication by the respondents of specified causes of accidents, and the scope of their use of protection measures.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Agricultura Florestal/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude , Agricultura Florestal/instrumentação , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde do Trabalhador , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Polônia , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Traffic Inj Prev ; 21(3): 222-227, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32154733

RESUMO

Objectives: Vehicle crashes in work zones are significantly underreported in official crash datasets of many countries, including Australia. This leads to underestimations of work zone crash frequencies and limited understanding of crash causation factors. To address this important gap in the literature, this paper examines historical data from two different sources - police-reported crash data and organizational Workplace Health and Safety (WHS) records - to understand work zone crashes and their characteristics in Queensland, Australia.Methods: WHS data including text fields were cleaned and coded to match police-reported crash data variables for comparative descriptive analysis of a 45-month period. involvement of a moving vehicle that collided with another vehicle, pedestrian, object, or overturned, at a work zone accessible to public traffic.Results: There were more work zone crashes in the WHS data (N = 820) than the police-reported data (N = 128) and the WHS data offered a deeper understanding of incident causes due to the greater breadth of information available. The two data sets varied in terms of the patterns of crash type, the mixes of road users and vehicles involved, and the contributing factors that were identified, highlighting dangers of relying on single sources for understanding crash characteristics. The WHS data appear relatively consistent with the overall work zone safety literature, but their use has limitations regarding processing and reliability. Conversely, police-reported crash data can be analyzed efficiently but they suffer from underreporting and selective reporting.Conclusions: The WHS dataset is a valuable alternative to police-reported crash data for understanding vehicle crash characteristics in work zones, particularly where restrictive reporting criteria lead to inability to identify these crashes in police data. Reliability and utility of WHS data could be improved through advanced reporting systems and procedures, potentially including development of an app-based system for use on mobile electronic devices.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Polícia , Queensland , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32178361

RESUMO

With the increasing demand for electricity transmission and distribution, single-phase grounding accidents, which cause great economic losses and casualties, have occurred frequently. In this study, a Bayesian network (BN)-based risk assessment model for representing single-phase grounding accidents is proposed to examine accident evolution from causes to potential consequences. The Bayesian network of single-phase grounding accidents includes 21 nodes that take into account the influential factors of environment, management, equipment and human error. The Bow-tie method was employed to build the accident evolution path and then converted to a BN. The BN conditional probability tables are determined with reference to historical accident data and expert opinion obtained by the Delphi method. The probability of a single-phase grounding accident and its potential consequences in normal conditions and three typical accident scenarios are analyzed. We found that "Storm" is the most critical hazard of single-phase grounding, followed by "Aging" and "Icing". This study could quantitatively evaluate the single-phase grounding accident in multi-hazard coupling scenarios and provide technical support for occupational health and safety management of power transmission lines.


Assuntos
Acidentes , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Gestão da Segurança , Acidentes/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Teorema de Bayes , Fontes de Energia Elétrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Probabilidade , Medição de Risco
13.
Int J Occup Environ Med ; 11(2): 95-107, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32218557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders and excessive daytime sleepiness negatively affect employees' safety performance. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between excessive daytime sleepiness with obstructive sleep apnea and safety performance at an oil construction company in Iran. METHODS: 661 employees consented to participate in this study. Excessive daytime sleepiness was measured with the STOP-BANG questionnaire and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). To determine how sleepiness would affect the studied occupational incidents, accidents causing injury and near misses, both reactive data and proactive safety performance indices were measured. Demographic and predictor variables were analyzed with hierarchical multiple linear regression. RESULTS: Employees who met the criteria of excessive daytime sleepiness and obstructive sleep apnea had significantly poorer safety performance indicators. STOP-BANG and ESS were significant predictors of safety compliance (ß 0.228 and 0.370, respectively), safety participation (ß 0.210 and 0.144, respectively), and overall safety behavior (ß 0.332 and 0.213, respectively). Further, occupational incidents were 2.5 times higher in workers with indicators of excessive daytime sleepiness and 2 times higher in those with obstructive sleep apnea compared with those without. CONCLUSION: These findings confirmed that excessive daytime sleepiness is a serious safety hazard, and that both reactive and proactive measures are important to understand the relative contribution of predictor variables.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Distúrbios do Sono por Sonolência Excessiva/fisiopatologia , Saúde do Trabalhador , Segurança/estatística & dados numéricos , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Atenção/fisiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho
14.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(4): 987-999, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the factors associated with primary and secondary amputation in patients with limb-threatening trauma to the upper extremity, describe the incidence of these injuries, and describe the procedures involved in the treatment of these difficult injuries. METHODS: A retrospective study of 49 cases (in 47 patients) with acute limb-threatening trauma of the upper extremity proximal to the carpometacarpal joint level treated with either amputation or limb salvage was performed in two urban level I trauma centers between January of 2001 and January of 2018. RESULTS: Bivariate analysis demonstrated that cases of primary amputation more frequently had a higher Injury Severity Score, higher Abbreviated Injury Scale score, more proximal fractures, more severe muscle injuries, and a larger number of major nerve injuries. Secondary amputation, compared with limb salvage, was more frequently performed in patients who were younger, in cases with a higher Injury Severity Score, where there was more proximal soft-tissue injury, in case of nonsharp mechanism of injury, and in cases that required local flap procedures for wound closure. The authors found a yearly incidence of 62 cases of acute limb-threatening upper extremity trauma per 100,000 trauma admissions. CONCLUSIONS: Multiple factors influence the surgical decision to perform primary amputation or to attempt a salvage procedure following limb-threatening upper extremity trauma. Knowing which patients will have the most favorable outcomes of a salvage procedure is important, because salvage procedures impose a greater burden on the health care system and the patient, even more so in the case of secondary amputation. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Risk, III.


Assuntos
Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Traumatismos do Braço/cirurgia , Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Amputação/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Traumatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Rev. Asoc. Esp. Espec. Med. Trab ; 29(1): 57-64, mar. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192283

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: Los accidentes laborales han sido estudiados desde muchas perspectivas, pero no se sabe si hay asociación con la antigüedad que tiene el trabajador (su experiencia). OBJETIVO: Determinar la relación entre la antigüedad laboral y el tipo de accidente laboral en ocho ciudades del Perú. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal analítico de datos secundarios, se usó el reporte de 58472 accidentes laborales de ocho hospitales de la seguridad social peruana (EsSalud). El tipo de accidente laboral se relacionó con la antigüedad laboral y las características generales. Se obtuvo estadísticos de asociación. RESULTADOS: A comparación de los que tenían menos de un año de antigüedad, hubo diferencia según la caída a nivel y tener 11-20 años de antigüedad (p = 0,003); el caer de altura y tener 6-10 años (p = 0,004), 11-20 años (p < 0,001) y tener más de 20 años (p < 0,001); el haber sufrido golpes en la cabeza y el tener un año de antigüedad (p < 0,001) o más de 20 años (p < 0,001); el haberse golpeado en el tórax y tener 2-5 años (p = 0,036) o más de 20 años (p = 0,036); el que haya tenido heridas y todos los grupos de antigüedad (p<0,011 en todos los casos); el haber tenido una contusión y cuatro de los períodos de antigüedad (p < 0,002 en todos los casos), además, el haberse fracturado y tener más de 20 años en el trabajo (p < 0,001). CONCLUSIÓN: Si hubo relación entre la antigüedad laboral según el tipo de accidente laboral, además, también hubo características según el sexo y la edad del trabajador


INTRODUCTION: Accidents at work have been studied from many perspectives, but it is not known whether there is an association with the age of the worker (his experience). OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between seniority and the type of occupational accident in eight cities of Peru. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional analytical study of secondary data, the report of 58472 occupational accidents from eight hospitals of the Peruvian social security (EsSalud) was used. The type of occupational accident was related to seniority and general characteristics. Association statistics were obtained. RESULTS: Compared to those that were less than one year old, there was a difference according to the level drop and being 11-20 years old (p = 0.003); falling tall and having 6-10 years (p = 0.004), 11-20 years (p < 0.001) and being over 20 years (p < 0.001); having suffered blows to the head and being one year old (p < 0.001) or more than 20 years (p < 0.001); having hit in the chest and being 2-5 years (p = 0.036) or more than 20 years (p = 0.036); the one who has had wounds and all seniority groups (p < 0.011 in all cases); having had a bruise and four of the seniority periods (p < 0.002 in all cases), in addition, having fractured and having more than 20 years at work (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: If there was a relationship between seniority according to the type of work accident, in addition, there were also characteristics according to the sex and age of the worker


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Peru
16.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3243, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022155

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to know the prevalence of occupational accidents in children and youth who work with their families in the rural environment and to identify the associated factors. METHOD: exploratory, descriptive and analytical study with quantitative approach, developed in three rural areas. Participants were 211 children and young people who assisted the family in rural work. Data collection was performed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Bivariate analysis was performed using Pearson's chi-square, Fisher's exact, Student's t and Mann-Whitney tests and multivariate analysis using Poisson regression. RESULTS: the prevalence of self-reported occupational accidents was 55%. It was highlighted: insect bites (44%), burns (40.5%), falls (27.6%), injury with a working tool (16.4%), electric shock (15.5 %), burn by animal (8.6%), animal bite (6.9%) and pesticide poisoning (2.6%). These were related to shared housing, leisure activity - riding a motorcycle, product resulting from lettuce cultivation and use of personal protective equipment. CONCLUSION: it is believed that these findings may enhance the development of public policies aimed at preserving the health of these children and young people, regulate working conditions and reduce occupational risks in the rural environment.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho Infantil/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , População Rural , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
17.
Ann Pathol ; 40(1): 2-11, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928795

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The profession of pathologist exposes to various risks, notably infectious, physical and chemical. The objective of this study was to make an inventory of these occupational risks to which pathologists are subjected and to evaluate the pathologies that they presented. A particular attention was given to microscopic and screen work as they can induce musculoskeletal or ophthalmic disorders, and stress-related psychological disorders. METHOD: An anonymous online questionnaire containing 54 questions had been sent by mail to pathologists via the French Society of Pathology and the Syndicate of French Pathologists. RESULTS: Five hundred and twelve pathologists responded to the survey. Thirty-eight percent reported musculoskeletal disorders in the last 6 months. Visual disturbances concerned 73.4% of respondents. In the last 12 months, 33.3% of pathologists had been injured or had had mucosal projections during macroscopic or autopsy specimens. The frequency of infectious diseases was low (6.2%) as well as that of cancers (3.9%). Psychological disorders such as depression or burnout were reported by 16.7% of respondents. Pathologists seemed happy at work and had a good overall lifestyle. Few doctors had medical follow-up and few had benefited from ergonomic advice and training on the risks of chemicals. CONCLUSION: The results of this study showed the interest of a medical surveillance adapted to the pathologies presented by the pathologists. Educational and preventive measures should be introduced early in the career, focusing on ergonomics and learning about chemical and biological hazards.


Assuntos
Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Patologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Autopsia/estatística & dados numéricos , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Ergonomia , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Infecções/epidemiologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Microscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Visão/epidemiologia , Local de Trabalho/organização & administração , Local de Trabalho/normas , Adulto Jovem
18.
Work ; 65(1): 53-61, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868711

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk factors for motorcycle injuries are associated with rider-related factors and crash-related factors. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the effects of age and violations on occupational accidents among motorcyclists performing food delivery. METHODS: This study analyzed 1,317 injured couriers regarding rider-related factors and crash-related factors according to rider's age or violations. RESULTS: Among injured riders, 67.4% were temporary workers, 76.1% worked in small companies with <5 employees, 58.7% in the nighttime, and 51.5% had a work experience of <1 month. However, among the injured teens, 93.5% were temporary workers, 87.0% in companies with <5 employees, 79.5% in nighttime, and 61.4% with work experience of <1 month. The proportion of novice with <1 month, of the temporary worker, of 'head/face/neck' injury, or of the 'concussion/hemorrhage' type of injury all decreased with age. However, the proportion of 'fracture,' 'rider alone,' or 'death or disability' accidents increased with age. Furthermore, the violation rate was high in teens (17.4%), at night (15.4%), or in type of 'crash with a car' (26.2%). The violation rate decreased with age. CONCLUSIONS: The results are expected to be useful for injury prevention policies and guidelines in the food delivery industries.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Motocicletas/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Alimentação/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Motocicletas/legislação & jurisprudência , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/epidemiologia , República da Coreia , Fatores de Risco
19.
Appl Ergon ; 83: 102982, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698225

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this paper is to examine gender differences in the occurrence of accidents among workers while walking to or from their workplace (non-vehicle commuting accidents). We have previously found that the lower limb is more often injured at work among women, compared to men, so the paper concentrates on lower limb injuries. METHODS: Using the records of the National Institute for Insurance against Injuries at Work (INAIL), we focused on the non-vehicle commuting accidents of women and men recognized as work-related for the period 2013-2017. In particular, we examined the gender difference by work sector and type of trauma suffered with particular attention to lower limb injuries. RESULTS: The rate of non-vehicle commuting accidents (n. 60,936) among women was significantly higher than for men (1.29‰ vs 0.40‰ men, p < 0.001) for the period studied. Lower limb injuries (50.5% for women and 43.7% for men, p < 0.001) constituted the large majority of these injuries. In particular, dislocation of the ankle (78% for women vs 65.5% for men, p < 0.001), bruise of the knee (71.2% for women vs 54.9% for men, p < 0.001) and fracture of the foot (41% for women vs 33.6% for men, p < 0.001) were all significantly higher among women. The work sectors with higher injury rates were: Transport and Warehouse, Public Administration, Health and care services and Wholesale and retail trade. This result may be due to wear and tear from conditions at work. The women injured were on the average, a decade older than men (50-59 vs 40-49 years old). CONCLUSIONS: Non-vehicle commuting represents an important, albeight neglected, preventable risk for women workers, causing lower limb trauma particularly at the ankle, the foot and the knee. These areas may be particularly injure-prone among women in specific sectors, due to the work environment. Effective prevention of these injuries requires gender-oriented ergonomic actions at work and in the commuting environment.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/epidemiologia , Transportes/estatística & dados numéricos , Caminhada/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Extremidade Inferior , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Características de Residência , Fatores Sexuais
20.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20180495, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057275

RESUMO

Abstract INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to document injuries caused by fish among professional fishermen in the Western Brazilian Amazon. METHODS: We undertook a descriptive, retrospective study, involving 51 professional fishermen, to determine clinical, epidemiological, and therapeutic aspects of their injuries. RESULTS: Among 51 fishermen interviewed, most injuries were due to mandi (Pimelodus spp.), and the hands were the most injured region, resulting in pain and bleeding in all cases. CONCLUSIONS: Our study findings confirm the morbidity of fish-related injuries, and reaffirm the need for relevant information regarding prevention and injury management.


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Masculino , Adulto , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Mordeduras e Picadas/epidemiologia , Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Venenos de Peixe/envenenamento , Pesqueiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Entrevistas como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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