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1.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 138(1): 79-85, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Occupational accidents are a complex phenomenon and a major public health problem. Occupational health surveillance actions are essential for prevention of injuries of this nature. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the prevalence of and the variables associated with occupational accidents in the city of Itajubá (MG). DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, based on a household survey with random sampling, was conducted in areas covered by the Family Health Strategy (FHS) in Itajubá (MG). METHODS: Questionnaires were applied to 292 people. The data were analyzed by means of logistic regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of occupational accidents was 8.6%. The underreporting rate was 60.0%. The scenario for these accidents, according to the model established through the regression analysis, was most likely to involve males who declared their skin color as white and who did not have a formal employment contract. CONCLUSION: This study makes a contribution towards unveiling the relationship between healthcare and work, and thus serve as support for the development of strategies to prevent underreporting. Lastly, the results provide the basis for future public health intervention actions and for future studies.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde da Família , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
2.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(4): 987-999, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the factors associated with primary and secondary amputation in patients with limb-threatening trauma to the upper extremity, describe the incidence of these injuries, and describe the procedures involved in the treatment of these difficult injuries. METHODS: A retrospective study of 49 cases (in 47 patients) with acute limb-threatening trauma of the upper extremity proximal to the carpometacarpal joint level treated with either amputation or limb salvage was performed in two urban level I trauma centers between January of 2001 and January of 2018. RESULTS: Bivariate analysis demonstrated that cases of primary amputation more frequently had a higher Injury Severity Score, higher Abbreviated Injury Scale score, more proximal fractures, more severe muscle injuries, and a larger number of major nerve injuries. Secondary amputation, compared with limb salvage, was more frequently performed in patients who were younger, in cases with a higher Injury Severity Score, where there was more proximal soft-tissue injury, in case of nonsharp mechanism of injury, and in cases that required local flap procedures for wound closure. The authors found a yearly incidence of 62 cases of acute limb-threatening upper extremity trauma per 100,000 trauma admissions. CONCLUSIONS: Multiple factors influence the surgical decision to perform primary amputation or to attempt a salvage procedure following limb-threatening upper extremity trauma. Knowing which patients will have the most favorable outcomes of a salvage procedure is important, because salvage procedures impose a greater burden on the health care system and the patient, even more so in the case of secondary amputation. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Risk, III.


Assuntos
Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Traumatismos do Braço/cirurgia , Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Amputação/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Traumatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 27(1): 6-14, 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32208573

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was recognition of opinions of forestry employees concerning causes of accidents in forestry, and evaluation of which of the selected demographic characteristics of forestry employees are associated with their opinions concerning causes of occupational accidents. An attempt was also undertaken to answer the question whether there is any relationship between the opinions of forestry employees pertaining to the causes of accidents at work, and observance of the OSH principles concerning the use of protection measures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The survey included 135 forestry employees and conducted by using an author-constructed questionnaire containing items which primarily concerning the causes of accidents at work and the protection measures applied. The opinions of forestry employees pertaining to the causes of accidents were analyzed according to independent variables, such as: workplace, period of employment, age, education level, and an index of the level of the respondents' concern about OSH (index of the use of personal protection measures by the respondents). The significance of differences between the subgroups selected according to the above-mentioned variables was assessed using the chi-square test. RESULTS: Forestry employees most frequently indicated such causes of accidents as the lack of e use of protection equipment (63.7%), bravado and neglecting hazards (63%), as well as entering or staying in a danger zone during tree felling (56.3%). Nearly a half of the respondents (48.1%) mentioned as the cause of accidents the improper and self-willed behaviour of an employee. The respondents additionally mentioned being taken by surprise by an unexpected event (40%), and the inadequate state of machinery, equipment, and vehicles (36.3%). CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results of the study concerning the causes of accidents in forestry, it was found that the examined forestry employees show high awareness and knowledge concerning the causes of occupational accidents in forestry. The greatest differences in the way of perceiving the causes of accidents and hazards were observed according to the respondents' period of employment and age. In addition, a relationship was observed between indication by the respondents of specified causes of accidents, and the scope of their use of protection measures.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Agricultura Florestal/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude , Agricultura Florestal/instrumentação , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde do Trabalhador , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Polônia , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Int J Occup Environ Med ; 11(2): 95-107, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32218557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders and excessive daytime sleepiness negatively affect employees' safety performance. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between excessive daytime sleepiness with obstructive sleep apnea and safety performance at an oil construction company in Iran. METHODS: 661 employees consented to participate in this study. Excessive daytime sleepiness was measured with the STOP-BANG questionnaire and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). To determine how sleepiness would affect the studied occupational incidents, accidents causing injury and near misses, both reactive data and proactive safety performance indices were measured. Demographic and predictor variables were analyzed with hierarchical multiple linear regression. RESULTS: Employees who met the criteria of excessive daytime sleepiness and obstructive sleep apnea had significantly poorer safety performance indicators. STOP-BANG and ESS were significant predictors of safety compliance (ß 0.228 and 0.370, respectively), safety participation (ß 0.210 and 0.144, respectively), and overall safety behavior (ß 0.332 and 0.213, respectively). Further, occupational incidents were 2.5 times higher in workers with indicators of excessive daytime sleepiness and 2 times higher in those with obstructive sleep apnea compared with those without. CONCLUSION: These findings confirmed that excessive daytime sleepiness is a serious safety hazard, and that both reactive and proactive measures are important to understand the relative contribution of predictor variables.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Distúrbios do Sono por Sonolência Excessiva/fisiopatologia , Saúde do Trabalhador , Segurança/estatística & dados numéricos , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Atenção/fisiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho
5.
Rev. Asoc. Esp. Espec. Med. Trab ; 29(1): 57-64, mar. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192283

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: Los accidentes laborales han sido estudiados desde muchas perspectivas, pero no se sabe si hay asociación con la antigüedad que tiene el trabajador (su experiencia). OBJETIVO: Determinar la relación entre la antigüedad laboral y el tipo de accidente laboral en ocho ciudades del Perú. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal analítico de datos secundarios, se usó el reporte de 58472 accidentes laborales de ocho hospitales de la seguridad social peruana (EsSalud). El tipo de accidente laboral se relacionó con la antigüedad laboral y las características generales. Se obtuvo estadísticos de asociación. RESULTADOS: A comparación de los que tenían menos de un año de antigüedad, hubo diferencia según la caída a nivel y tener 11-20 años de antigüedad (p = 0,003); el caer de altura y tener 6-10 años (p = 0,004), 11-20 años (p < 0,001) y tener más de 20 años (p < 0,001); el haber sufrido golpes en la cabeza y el tener un año de antigüedad (p < 0,001) o más de 20 años (p < 0,001); el haberse golpeado en el tórax y tener 2-5 años (p = 0,036) o más de 20 años (p = 0,036); el que haya tenido heridas y todos los grupos de antigüedad (p<0,011 en todos los casos); el haber tenido una contusión y cuatro de los períodos de antigüedad (p < 0,002 en todos los casos), además, el haberse fracturado y tener más de 20 años en el trabajo (p < 0,001). CONCLUSIÓN: Si hubo relación entre la antigüedad laboral según el tipo de accidente laboral, además, también hubo características según el sexo y la edad del trabajador


INTRODUCTION: Accidents at work have been studied from many perspectives, but it is not known whether there is an association with the age of the worker (his experience). OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between seniority and the type of occupational accident in eight cities of Peru. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional analytical study of secondary data, the report of 58472 occupational accidents from eight hospitals of the Peruvian social security (EsSalud) was used. The type of occupational accident was related to seniority and general characteristics. Association statistics were obtained. RESULTS: Compared to those that were less than one year old, there was a difference according to the level drop and being 11-20 years old (p = 0.003); falling tall and having 6-10 years (p = 0.004), 11-20 years (p < 0.001) and being over 20 years (p < 0.001); having suffered blows to the head and being one year old (p < 0.001) or more than 20 years (p < 0.001); having hit in the chest and being 2-5 years (p = 0.036) or more than 20 years (p = 0.036); the one who has had wounds and all seniority groups (p < 0.011 in all cases); having had a bruise and four of the seniority periods (p < 0.002 in all cases), in addition, having fractured and having more than 20 years at work (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: If there was a relationship between seniority according to the type of work accident, in addition, there were also characteristics according to the sex and age of the worker


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Peru
6.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3243, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022155

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to know the prevalence of occupational accidents in children and youth who work with their families in the rural environment and to identify the associated factors. METHOD: exploratory, descriptive and analytical study with quantitative approach, developed in three rural areas. Participants were 211 children and young people who assisted the family in rural work. Data collection was performed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Bivariate analysis was performed using Pearson's chi-square, Fisher's exact, Student's t and Mann-Whitney tests and multivariate analysis using Poisson regression. RESULTS: the prevalence of self-reported occupational accidents was 55%. It was highlighted: insect bites (44%), burns (40.5%), falls (27.6%), injury with a working tool (16.4%), electric shock (15.5 %), burn by animal (8.6%), animal bite (6.9%) and pesticide poisoning (2.6%). These were related to shared housing, leisure activity - riding a motorcycle, product resulting from lettuce cultivation and use of personal protective equipment. CONCLUSION: it is believed that these findings may enhance the development of public policies aimed at preserving the health of these children and young people, regulate working conditions and reduce occupational risks in the rural environment.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho Infantil/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , População Rural , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
7.
Work ; 65(1): 53-61, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868711

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk factors for motorcycle injuries are associated with rider-related factors and crash-related factors. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the effects of age and violations on occupational accidents among motorcyclists performing food delivery. METHODS: This study analyzed 1,317 injured couriers regarding rider-related factors and crash-related factors according to rider's age or violations. RESULTS: Among injured riders, 67.4% were temporary workers, 76.1% worked in small companies with <5 employees, 58.7% in the nighttime, and 51.5% had a work experience of <1 month. However, among the injured teens, 93.5% were temporary workers, 87.0% in companies with <5 employees, 79.5% in nighttime, and 61.4% with work experience of <1 month. The proportion of novice with <1 month, of the temporary worker, of 'head/face/neck' injury, or of the 'concussion/hemorrhage' type of injury all decreased with age. However, the proportion of 'fracture,' 'rider alone,' or 'death or disability' accidents increased with age. Furthermore, the violation rate was high in teens (17.4%), at night (15.4%), or in type of 'crash with a car' (26.2%). The violation rate decreased with age. CONCLUSIONS: The results are expected to be useful for injury prevention policies and guidelines in the food delivery industries.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Motocicletas/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Alimentação/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Motocicletas/legislação & jurisprudência , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/epidemiologia , República da Coreia , Fatores de Risco
8.
Appl Ergon ; 83: 102982, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698225

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this paper is to examine gender differences in the occurrence of accidents among workers while walking to or from their workplace (non-vehicle commuting accidents). We have previously found that the lower limb is more often injured at work among women, compared to men, so the paper concentrates on lower limb injuries. METHODS: Using the records of the National Institute for Insurance against Injuries at Work (INAIL), we focused on the non-vehicle commuting accidents of women and men recognized as work-related for the period 2013-2017. In particular, we examined the gender difference by work sector and type of trauma suffered with particular attention to lower limb injuries. RESULTS: The rate of non-vehicle commuting accidents (n. 60,936) among women was significantly higher than for men (1.29‰ vs 0.40‰ men, p < 0.001) for the period studied. Lower limb injuries (50.5% for women and 43.7% for men, p < 0.001) constituted the large majority of these injuries. In particular, dislocation of the ankle (78% for women vs 65.5% for men, p < 0.001), bruise of the knee (71.2% for women vs 54.9% for men, p < 0.001) and fracture of the foot (41% for women vs 33.6% for men, p < 0.001) were all significantly higher among women. The work sectors with higher injury rates were: Transport and Warehouse, Public Administration, Health and care services and Wholesale and retail trade. This result may be due to wear and tear from conditions at work. The women injured were on the average, a decade older than men (50-59 vs 40-49 years old). CONCLUSIONS: Non-vehicle commuting represents an important, albeight neglected, preventable risk for women workers, causing lower limb trauma particularly at the ankle, the foot and the knee. These areas may be particularly injure-prone among women in specific sectors, due to the work environment. Effective prevention of these injuries requires gender-oriented ergonomic actions at work and in the commuting environment.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/epidemiologia , Transportes/estatística & dados numéricos , Caminhada/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Extremidade Inferior , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Características de Residência , Fatores Sexuais
9.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3243, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058535

RESUMO

Objective: to know the prevalence of occupational accidents in children and youth who work with their families in the rural environment and to identify the associated factors. Method: exploratory, descriptive and analytical study with quantitative approach, developed in three rural areas. Participants were 211 children and young people who assisted the family in rural work. Data collection was performed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Bivariate analysis was performed using Pearson's chi-square, Fisher's exact, Student's t and Mann-Whitney tests and multivariate analysis using Poisson regression. Results: the prevalence of self-reported occupational accidents was 55%. It was highlighted: insect bites (44%), burns (40.5%), falls (27.6%), injury with a working tool (16.4%), electric shock (15.5 %), burn by animal (8.6%), animal bite (6.9%) and pesticide poisoning (2.6%). These were related to shared housing, leisure activity - riding a motorcycle, product resulting from lettuce cultivation and use of personal protective equipment. Conclusion: it is believed that these findings may enhance the development of public policies aimed at preserving the health of these children and young people, regulate working conditions and reduce occupational risks in the rural environment.


Objetivo: conhecer a prevalência de acidentes de trabalho em crianças e jovens que trabalham com a família no ambiente rural e identificar os fatores associados. Método: estudo exploratório, descritivo e analítico, com abordagem quantitativa, desenvolvido em três ambientes rurais. Participaram 211 crianças e jovens que auxiliavam a família no trabalho rural. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de questionário semiestruturado. A análise bivariada foi realizada utilizando-se os testes qui-quadrado de Pearson, exato de Fisher, t de Student e Mann-Whitney e análise multivariada, por meio da regressão de Poisson. Resultados: a prevalência de acidentes de trabalho autorreferidos foi de 55%. Destacaram-se: picadas de insetos (44%), queimaduras (40,5%), quedas no ambiente de trabalho (27,6%), lesão com instrumento de trabalho (16,4%), choque elétrico (15,5%), queimadura por animais (8,6%), mordida de animais (6,9%) e intoxicação por uso de agrotóxicos (2,6%). Esses relacionaram-se com moradia mista, atividade de lazer - andar de motocicleta, produto resultante do cultivo de alface e uso de equipamentos de proteção individual. Conclusão: acredita-se que esses achados possam incrementar o desenvolvimento de políticas públicas direcionadas à manutenção da saúde dessas crianças e jovens, ao controle das condições de trabalho e à redução dos riscos ocupacionais no ambiente rural.


Objetivo: conocer la prevalencia de accidentes de trabajo en niños y jóvenes que trabajan con la familia en ambiente rural e identificar los factores asociados. Método: estudio exploratorio, descriptivo y analítico, con abordaje cuantitativo, desarrollado en tres ambientes rurales. Participaron 211 niños y jóvenes que auxiliaban a la familia en el trabajo rural. La recolección de datos fue realizada por medio de cuestionario semiestructurado. El análisis bivariado fue realizado utilizando las pruebas: Chi-cuadrado de Pearson, exacta de Fisher, t de Student y Mann-Whitney y el análisis multivariado, por medio de la regresión de Poisson. Resultados: la prevalencia de accidentes de trabajo auto relatados fue de 55%. Se destacaron: picadas de insectos (44%), quemaduras (40,5%), caídas en el ambiente de trabajo (27,6%), lesión con instrumento de trabajo (16,4%), choque eléctrico (15,5%), quemadura por animales (8,6%), mordida de animales (6,9%) e intoxicación por uso de pesticidas (2,6%). Esos se relacionaron con vivienda mixta, actividad de ocio (andar de motocicleta), cultivo de lechuga y uso de equipamientos de protección individual. Conclusión: se piensa que esos hallazgos podrían incrementar el desarrollo de políticas públicas dirigidas a la manutención de la salud de esos niños y jóvenes, al control de las condiciones de trabajo y a la reducción de los riesgos ocupacionales en el ambiente rural.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , População Rural , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Trabalho Infantil , Brasil/epidemiologia , Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783585

RESUMO

The number of accidents and victims in the construction sector has not decreased significantly despite the increasingly stricter laws and regulations. The analysis of accidents, as well as their root causes and determinants can certainly contribute to the development of more effective preventive interventions. The present study proposes a methodology for the analysis and synthesis of data provided by accidents statistics with the goal of defining specific risk profiles based on the accidents determinants, their variables, and how they interact with one another in influencing the occurrence of an accident. For this purpose, a procedure capable of extracting this type of information from the European Statistics on Accidents at Work (ESAW) database was developed. In particular, data processing and aggregation are performed by means of the synergic use of the Matrix of Descriptors (MoD) and cluster analysis. To validate such a procedure, the analysis of fatalities due to electrical shocks was carried out. The results achieved allowed us to elicit valuable information for both safety managers and decision makers. The proposed methodology can facilitate a systemic analysis of accidents databases reducing the difficulties in managing reports and accident statistics.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho , Indústria da Construção , Saúde do Trabalhador , Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise por Conglomerados , Gerenciamento de Dados , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Gestão da Segurança/métodos
11.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 53: e03516, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800811

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiology of abandoning clinical and laboratory follow-up among health workers who suffered accidents with biological material. METHOD: Cohort study based on reported work accidents with biological material in Goiânia/Goiás. Data were analyzed in Stata with descriptive and analytical statistics. RESULTS: 2,104 exposures of the 8,596 reported accidents were analyzed, most of them involving females with completed high school education and belonging to the nursing staff. The accidents predominantly occurred by percutaneous injury involving a needle with lumen during medication administration or vascular access. Follow-up abandonment rate was 41.5%. Predictive factors for discontinuing clinical and laboratory follow-up were age, occupation, use of personal protective equipment (gowns), the object involved in the accident, situation in the labor market, circumstance of exposure and recommended prophylactic conduct. CONCLUSION: Given the high abandonment rate found, it is suggested to implement strategies to ensure follow-up and reduce risks to health workers.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Líquidos Corporais , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Pacientes Desistentes do Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Serviços de Laboratório Clínico , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
12.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 53: e03524, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800816

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this hospital-based study, we aimed to determine occupational accident perceptions and occupational accident reasons in sample of Turkish nurses. METHOD: In the study, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, the Workload Scale and a Study Questionnaire Form including the employment characteristics of the nurses, their socio demographic characteristics, and the occupational accidents they encountered. RESULTS: 108 nurses (90 females, 18 males; mean age, 26.42±5.5 years) participated in the study. 68.5% of nurses have undergone at least once a occupational accident. Most of the participants were found to have experienced occupational accidents with approximately half evaluating their occupational accidents risk as high. Most of the nurses worked overtime and in shifts. The mean total scores for the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and Workload Scale were respectively 9.09±3.33 and 36.94±6.42. Statistically significant differences in occupational accidents were found with regard to Epworth Sleepiness Scale and Workload Scale scores, working in shifts, and working overtime (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: It was concluded that nurses had very high rates of occupational accidents and that the heavy work conditions affected occupational accidents.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Enfermagem , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817497

RESUMO

Temporal patterns in occupational safety and health can shed light on the efficiency of safety measures companies adopt and identify when workers are prone to occupational accidents. We analyzed these patterns to identify the effects of factors such as the share of salvage logging, experience, age, daytime, weekday, and more on the number of occupational accidents at Forests of the Slovak Republic (FSR). We analyzed a database of 2963 occupational accidents and 443 occupational illnesses suffered by FSR employees and contractors. We then analyzed a subset of said database, containing 401 accident records coded according to European Statistics at Work manual. We used regression and correlation analyses and generalized linear models to test the relationship between the accident frequency and volume of harvested timber and volume of salvage logging. We used logistic regression, chi2 tests, and Cramér's V statistic to test when accidents occur within shifts, weeks, and months. We found the volume of harvested timber significantly affects the frequency of severe and fatal accidents of contractors (R 0.81; p < 0.05), whereas, for employees, the relationship was insignificant. Over time, the number of accidents and incidence rate decreased, and inexperienced or older workers were the most prone to accidents.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Agricultura Florestal/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Eslováquia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 2519020, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31886186

RESUMO

Today, the economic and social importance of occupational accidents is undeniable worldwide. Hence, research aimed at reducing this type of accident is considered a discipline of great interest for society in general. In this environment, working conditions play a fundamental role in the occurrence of accidents, and from their study, results can be obtained that provide information for decision-making that guarantee optimum conditions for the development of the employees' tasks. Organizing the conditions of work execution is also a task that constitutes an essential aspect for a firm's productivity, therefore, affecting their viability and results. In this work, a model is proposed for the study of different groups of working conditions and their influence on the probability of occupational accidents, in accordance with the data provided by the 7th National Survey of Working Conditions (VII NSWC). The survey sampled 8892 workers active in all sectors of national production and is the last nation-wide survey administered in Spain. Bayesian networks (BNs) are used to generate a network that analyzes working conditions in all areas (27 variables have been included in addition to those corresponding to the sector and accident), and then, more specifically, the relationship that is established between ergonomic factors in the workplace, psychosocial factors of the worker, and the probability of an accident. The results are achieved through the network obtained by highlighting some of the proposed variables. The dependencies generated by the chosen variables are analyzed, and subsequently, the probability of accident for each of the productive sectors is determined. It is concluded that the ergonomic risks associated with physical strains in the workplace, together with the lack of job satisfaction on the employer's behalf, both pose a very significant increase in the probability of being involved in an occupational accident, above the other variables of study.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Ergonomia , Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidentes de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
15.
Tunis Med ; 97(7): 918-924, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Workplace accidents represented a Global public health problem with about two millions persons dying from accidents at work or occupational diseases. In Tunisia, data on fatal traumatic workplace accidents remain scarce. Work-related accidents accounted for 0.4% of the employed population in 2014, with a prevalence of fatal accidents between 4 and 25 per 100,000 workers depending on the region and the field. AIM: To describe the victim's profile of workplace traumatic accidents in Northern Tunisia. METHODS: It was a retrospective cross-sectional study, including all cases of accidental workplace traumatic accidents autopsied at the Department of Forensic Medicine, Charles Nicolle Hospital in Tunis over a period of 12 years (2003- 2014). RESULTS: We collected 741 cases, including 724 men. The median age was 38.5 years. Construction sector represented 70% and the industrial sector represented 12.6% of cases. Victims were workers in 91.4%. Falls from height was the most frequent accident type (43.5%), followed by objects falling (26.5%) and electrocutions (18.5%). Death occurred at the place of accidents in 58% cases. CONCLUSION: Our study highlighted the need to reinforce and to adapt the prevention measures toward workers in the construction sector, in order to reduce the mortality from traumatic workplace accidents.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidentes por Quedas/mortalidade , Acidentes de Trabalho/mortalidade , Adulto , Causas de Morte , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tunísia/epidemiologia
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861332

RESUMO

Hazardous chemical accidents (HCAs) seriously endanger public life, property, and health. Human and organizational factors are important causes of many kinds of accidents. In order to systematically explore the influencing factors of unsafe behaviors in HCAs in China, the method of human factors analysis and classification system based on the Bayesian network (BN-HFACs) was introduced. According to the 39 investigation reports of HCAs in China, the origin Bayesian network (BN) was obtained and the failure sensitivity of every node in BN was calculated. The results have shown that hazardous material environment (1.63) and mechanical equipment (0.49) in the level of preconditions of unsafe behavior have the same direction failure effect with operation error, while there is no factor has the same direction failure effect with operation violate. Some factors in organization influence and unsafe supervision, such as organization climate (0.34), operation guidance (0.37), planned operation (0.22), and legal supervision (0.19), are also important reasons for operational errors, while resource management (0.12), hidden investigation (0.18) and legal supervision (0.13) have an impact on operation violates. Moreover, there are still close relationships between other hierarchical elements, such as the operation guidance effect on the hazardous material environment (6.60), and the organizational climate has the most obvious impact on other factors at the level of organizational factors. Based on the above research conclusions, suggestions for individual, enterprise, and government were put forward, respectively, and the limitations of this study were also clarified.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Substâncias Perigosas , Segurança/estatística & dados numéricos , Teorema de Bayes , China , Análise Fatorial , Humanos
17.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 53: e20180495, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859937

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to document injuries caused by fish among professional fishermen in the Western Brazilian Amazon. METHODS: We undertook a descriptive, retrospective study, involving 51 professional fishermen, to determine clinical, epidemiological, and therapeutic aspects of their injuries. RESULTS: Among 51 fishermen interviewed, most injuries were due to mandi (Pimelodus spp.), and the hands were the most injured region, resulting in pain and bleeding in all cases. CONCLUSIONS: Our study findings confirm the morbidity of fish-related injuries, and reaffirm the need for relevant information regarding prevention and injury management.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Mordeduras e Picadas/epidemiologia , Venenos de Peixe/envenenamento , Pesqueiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Safety Res ; 70: 181-191, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31847993

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Workplace accidents and injuries can be quite costly to both individual employees and their organizations. While safety climate (i.e., perceptions of policies and procedures related to safety that should reflect an organization's value of safety) has been established as a predictor of safety behaviors, less research has considered the possible negative pressures that could result from an environment that emphasizes safety. Though organizations may intend to create a positive safety climate, concerns about being treated differently if an employee were to be involved in a safety incident may result in unintended, but detrimental safety and health outcomes. METHOD: This study investigated the stigma associated with being involved in a safety-related incident in relation to self-reported safety behaviors and psychological health outcomes. The data were acquired through a two-wave prospective design, surveying workers from Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk; N = 528) who indicated they were exposed to at least one physical work stressor (e.g., heavy lifting; air quality; standing for extended periods) a few times each month or more. RESULTS: When controlling for safety climate, safety stigma was related to decreased safety compliance and poorer psychological health. There was a marginally significant interaction between safety stigma and safety motivation in relation to safety compliance. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that experiencing pressure to work safely, for fear of being evaluated negatively, may actually come at the cost of employees' safety compliance and psychological health. Practical applications: These results may be useful in assessing and intervening to improve an organization's safety climate. Organizations should closely examine the climate for safety to ensure that positive aspects of safety are not undermined by a stigmatizing pressure associated with safety in the work environment.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/psicologia , Gestão da Segurança/estatística & dados numéricos , Estigma Social , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Gestão da Segurança/normas , Autorrelato
20.
Int Marit Health ; 70(3): 187-192, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31617934

RESUMO

This paper describes the methodological aspects of calculation of incidence rates from incomplete datain occupational epidemiology. Proportionate measures in epidemiological studies are useful e.g. to describethe proportion of slips, trips and falls compared to other types of injury mechanisms within singleage-strata. However, a comparison of proportions of slips, trips and falls among the different age-stratagives no meaning and can hamper the conclusions. Examples of a constructed example and some selectedstudies show how estimates of incidence rates can be calculated from the proportionate data by applyingestimates of denominators available from other information. The calculated examples show how the risksbased on the incidence rates in some cases differ from the risks based on the proportionate rates withthe consequence of hampering the conclusions and the recommendations for prevention. In some casesthe proportionate rates give good estimates of the incidence rates, but in other studies this might causeerrors. It is recommended that estimates of the incidence rates should be used, where this is possible, byestimation of the size of the population. The paper is intended to be useful for students and teachers inepidemiology by using the attached Excel training file.


Assuntos
Métodos Epidemiológicos , Incidência , Medicina do Trabalho/métodos , Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Etários , Humanos , Medicina Naval/métodos
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