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1.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 76(1)2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36688742

RESUMO

The bacterial wilt of common bean, caused by Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens(Cff) is one of the most severe diseases affecting Phaseolus vulgaris production worldwide. This study aimed at evaluating the biocontrol potential of strains of rhizobacteria against bacterial wilt of common bean. Sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA gene was used to identify Cff isolates and also the bacterial antagonists. A soft agar overlay assay was used to select three biocontrol isolates based on their antagonistic activity against Cff. Our findings demonstrate that seed treatment using rhizobacterial P. fluorescens, Bacillus cereus, and Paenibacillus polymyxa species coupled with foliar application significantly reduced Cff disease incidence and disease severity. Therefore, biocontrol methods are potentially a safe, effective, and sustainable alternative to chemicals for controlling bacterial wilt of beans.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Actinomycetales , Phaseolus , Phaseolus/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Actinomycetales/genética , Actinobacteria/genética , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
2.
Mar Drugs ; 21(1)2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662223

RESUMO

The search for new antibiotics against drug-resistant microbes has been expanded to marine bacteria. Marine bacteria have been proven to be a prolific source of a myriad of novel compounds with potential biological activities. Therefore, this review highlights novel and bioactive compounds from marine bacteria reported during the period of January 2016 to December 2021. Published articles containing novel marine bacterial secondary metabolites that are active against drug-resistant pathogens were collected. Previously described compounds (prior to January 2016) are not included in this review. Unreported compounds during this period that exhibited activity against pathogenic microbes were discussed and compared in order to find the cue of the structure-bioactivity relationship. The results showed that Streptomyces are the most studied bacteria with undescribed bioactive compounds, followed by other genera in the Actinobacteria. We have categorized the structures of the compounds in the present review into four groups, based on their biosynthetic origins, as polyketide derivatives, amino acid derivatives, terpenoids, as well as compounds with mixed origin. These compounds were active against one or more drug-resistant pathogens, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (MRSE), vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE), multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDR-TB), and amphotericin B-resistant Candida albicans. In addition, some of the compounds also showed activity against biofilm formation of the test bacteria. Some previously undescribed compounds, isolated from marine-derived bacteria during this period, could have a good potential as lead compounds for the development of drug candidates to overcome multidrug-resistant pathogens.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias , Biofilmes , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
3.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 33(1): 61-74, 2023 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36597590

RESUMO

The global increase in multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria has inspired researchers to develop new strategies to overcome this problem. In this study, 23 morphologically different, soil-isolated actinomycete cultures were screened for their antibacterial ability against MDR isolates of ESKAPE pathogens. Among them, isolate BOGE18 exhibited a broad antibacterial spectrum, so it was selected and identified based on cultural, morphological, physiological, and biochemical characteristics. Chemotaxonomic analysis was also performed together with nucleotide sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene, which showed this strain to have identity with Streptomyces lienomycini. The ethyl acetate extract of the cell-free filtrate (CFF) of strain BOGE18 was evaluated for its antibacterial spectrum, and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) ranged from 62.5 to 250 µg/ml. The recorded results from the in vitro anti-biofilm microtiter assay and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) of sub-MIC concentrations revealed a significant reduction in biofilm formation in a concentration-dependent manner. The extract also displayed significant scavenging activity, reaching 91.61 ± 4.1% and 85.06 ± 3.14% of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis( 3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS), respectively. A promising cytotoxic ability against breast (MCF-7) and hepatocellular (HePG2) cancer cell lines was obtained from the extract with IC50 values of 47.15 ± 13.10 and 122.69 ± 9.12 µg/ml, respectively. Moreover, based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis, nine known compounds were detected in the BOGE18 extract, suggesting their contribution to the multitude of biological activities recorded in this study. Overall, Streptomyces lienomycini BOGE18-derived extract is a good candidate for use in a natural combating strategy to prevent bacterial infection, especially by MDR pathogens.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Actinobacteria/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Antibacterianos/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química
4.
Arch Pharm Res ; 46(1): 35-43, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642761

RESUMO

Dermabacter vaginalis is a human-derived bacterium isolated from vaginal fluid of a Korean female in 2016. Although several human-related species in Dermabacter genus have been reported there are few studies on their bioactive metabolites. Dermazolium A (1), a rare imidazolium metabolite, was isolated from D. vaginalis along with five known metabolites (2-6) and their chemical structures were determined by NMR, HRMS, and MS/MS data analysis. Feeding experiments using predicted precursors and biomimetic total synthesis of 1 corroborated its structure and led to suggestion of biosynthetic pathway of 1. Antibacterial tests on the isolated compounds showed that 1 is a mild antibacterial agent with MIC values of 41 µg/mL against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) USA300, Lacticaseibacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei KCTC 3510 and Brevibacterium epidermidis KCTC 3090.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Feminino , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Antibacterianos/química , Bactérias , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
5.
J Hazard Mater ; 446: 130675, 2023 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36608579

RESUMO

Glyphosate (Gly) and its principal degradation product, the aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) were found in soils from a riparian environment in Argentina. Sixty-five actinobacteria were isolated from these soils, rhizosphere, and plants (Festuca arundinacea and Salix fragilis). The isolate Streptomyces sp. S5 was selected to be used as bioinoculant in a greenhouse test, in which plants, actinobacteria, and their combinations were assessed to bioremediate the riparian soil. The dissipation of both compounds were estimated. All treatments dissipated similarly the Gly, reaching 87-92 % of dissipation. AMPA, dissipation of 38 % and 42 % were obtained by Salix and Festuca, respectively, while they increased to 57 % and 70 % when the actinobacterium was added to each planted system. Regarding the total dissipation, the higher efficiencies for both compounds were achieved by the non-planted soils bioaugmented with the actinobacterium, with 91 % of Gly dissipated and 56 % for AMPA. According to our study, it could be suggested which strategy could be applied depending on the bioremediation type needed. If in situ bioremediation is necessary, the combination of phytoremediation and actinobacteria bioaugmentation could be convenient. On the other hand, if ex situ bioremediation is needed, the inoculation of the soil with an actinobacterium capable to dissipate Gly and AMPA could be the more efficient and easier alternative.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Festuca , Poluentes do Solo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Actinobacteria/metabolismo , Ácido alfa-Amino-3-hidroxi-5-metil-4-isoxazol Propiônico/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Solo , Festuca/metabolismo
6.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 39(3): 76, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36637547

RESUMO

In this study, microstructural improvement of cementitious composites was achieved by bacterial CaCO3 precipitation using three bacterial species, namely Sporosarcina pasteurii, Bacillus cereus, and Actinobacteria sp. M135-3, respectively. The final product was comparatively investigated regarding the physical effects of urease activity of different cells on the mortar in the long term.Microstructural improvement was determined by evaluating the pore structure by determining the increase in strength, decrease in water absorption, and capillary water absorption rate of the cement mortars having different microorganism concentrations (106-109 bacteria/ml). These measurements were taken on bacteria-containing and control samples on the 2nd, 7th, 28th, and 56th days, respectively. In addition, calcite and vaterite as calcium carbonate polymorphs formed by the precipitation of calcium carbonate by three types of bacteria were identified by Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Thermogravimetric analysis - Differential scanning calorimetry (TGA-DSC) analyzes.The bacteria-containing mortar samples showed that bacterial species and concentrations directly affect cementitious composites' mechanical and physical properties. Composite samples containing bacteria resulted in statistically significant microstructural improvements measured by higher mechanical strength, lower water absorption value, and capillary water absorption rate compared to control samples, especially at early ages. However, the effect of microbial calcite formation diminishes at later ages, especially at 56-days, attributed to the bacteria cells losing their vitality and integrity and forming spaces inside the mortars.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Carbonato de Cálcio , Carbonato de Cálcio/química , Difração de Raios X , Bacillus cereus , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Precipitação Química
7.
Bioresour Technol ; 369: 128498, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36535616

RESUMO

Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) may play a crucial role in shifting to a zero-emission future by becoming more sustainable and contributing to the circular economy (CE). Recovered lipids from urban sewage can serve as a raw material for biofuel production contributing to a waste reduction, mitigation of natural resources depletion and reinforcing security and energy independence. A novel, pilot-scale lipid accumulation technology (LAT) employing parameters to select M. parvicella for the biofuel/biodiesel production was implemented on a side stream of an urban WWTP. The LAT proved its concept as the average amount of extracted lipids accumulated in the bioreactors was three-fold higher when compared to the lipids existing in activated sludge. The average transesterification of extracted lipids to biodiesel resulted in a 1.6 % yield, meaning that from 1 kg of dried sludge, 16 g of biodiesel could be formed. The biodiesel produced complies with European standard specifications (EN14214).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Esgotos , Biocombustíveis , Esterificação , Lipídeos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos
8.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 249: 114388, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36508810

RESUMO

Soil heavy metal pollution is one of the most serious environmental problems in China, especially cadmium (Cd), which has the most extensive contaminated soil coverage. Therefore, more economical and efficient remediation methods and measures are needed to control soil Cd contamination. In this study, different amendments (biochar (B), organic fertilizer (F), lime (L)) and actinomycetes (A) inoculants were applied to Cd contaminated farmland to explore their effects on wheat growth. Compared with Control, all treatments except A treatment were able to significantly increase the underground parts dry mass of wheat, with the highest increase of 57.19 %. The results showed that the B treatment significantly increased the plant height of wheat by 3.45 %. All treatments increased wheat SOD activity and chlorophyll content and reduced the MDA, which contributes to wheat stress resistance under Cd contamination. F, L and AF treatments can significantly reduce the Cd content in wheat above- and underground parts by up to 56.39 %. Soil amendments can modify the physical and chemical properties of the soil, which in turn affects the absorption of Cd by wheat. Moreover, the addition of soil amendments significantly affects the composition and structure of the rhizospheric soil bacterial community at the wheat jointing stage. The application of organic fertilizer increases the richness and diversity of the bacterial community, while lime makes it significantly decreases it. T-test and microbiome co-occurrence networks show that actinomycetes could not only effectively colonize in local soil, but also effectively enhance the complexity and stability of the rhizosphere microbial community. Considering the practical impact of different treatments on wheat, soil microorganisms, economic benefits and restoration of soil Cd contamination, the application of organic fertilizer and actinomycetes in Cd contaminated soil is a more ideal remediation strategy. This conclusion can be further verified by studying larger repair regions and longer consecutive repair cycles to gain insight into the repair mechanism.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Cádmio , Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental , Microbiologia do Solo , Poluentes do Solo , Actinobacteria/metabolismo , Cádmio/análise , Cádmio/metabolismo , Carvão Vegetal/química , Fazendas , Fertilizantes , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
9.
Mar Genomics ; 67: 101004, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36521348

RESUMO

Microorganisms associated with marine invertebrates consider an important source of bioactive products. This study aimed to screen for antimicrobial and anticancer activity of crude extracts of bacteria associated with Red sea nudibranchs and molecular identification of the bioactive isolates using 16Sr RNA sequencing, in addition to whole-genome sequencing of one of the most bioactive bacteria. This study showed that bacteria associated with Red sea nudibranchs are highly bioactive and 16Sr RNA sequencing results showed that two isolates belonged to Firmicutes, and two isolates belonged to Proteobacteria, and Actinobacteria. The whole genome sequence data of the isolated Nocardiopsis RACA4 isolate has an estimated genome length of 6,721,839 bp and the taxonomy showed it belongs to the bacteria Nocardiopsis dassonvillei. The De novo assembly of RACA-4 paired reads using Unicycler v0.4.8 initially yielded 97 contigs with an N50 value of 214,568 bp and L50 value of 10, The resulting assembly was further mapped to the reference genome Nocardiopsis dassonvillei strain NCTC10488 using RagTag software v.2.1.0 and a final genome assembly resulted in 39 contigs and N50 value of 6,726,007 and L50 of 1. Genome mining using anti-smash showed around 9.1% of the genome occupied with genes related to secondary metabolites biosynthesis. A wide variety of secondary metabolites belonging to Polyketides, Terpenes, and nonribosomal peptides were predicted with high degree of similarity to known compounds. Non-characterized clusters were also found which suggest new natural compounds discovered by further studies.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Bactérias , Oceano Índico , Bactérias/genética , Actinobacteria/genética , Nocardiopsis
10.
J Endod ; 49(2): 178-189, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36526107

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Apical periodontitis (AP) represents an inflammatory condition of peri-radicular tissues due to invasion and colonization of bacteria in the root canals. Primary apical periodontitis (PAP) is associated with untreated necrotic root canal and can be efficiently treated with endodontic treatment to remove bacteria. Persistent/secondary apical periodontitis (SAP) is a perpetual periapical lesion due to unsuccessfully treated root canals after an initial apparent healing of the tooth. The aim of the study was evaluating the microbial communities associated with root canals using Nanopore sequencing. METHODS: Seventeen samples from the root canals of 15 patients with AP were Polymerase Chain Reaction-amplified for 16s ribosomal DNA gene and sequenced. Information regarding the presence or absence of AP symptoms, PAP and SAP, and periapical index of patients were recorded. RESULTS: Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, and Actinobacteria were the most abundant phyla detected and Phocaeicola, Pseudomonas, Rothia, and Prevotella were the most prominent genera. In samples of patients with AP symptoms, the most frequent detected genera were Cutibacterium, Lactobacillus, Pseudomonas, Dialister, Prevotella, and Staphylococcus. In PAP samples, the most represented genera were Cutibacterium, Lactobacillus, Pseudomonas, and Prevotella, whilst in SAP cases were Cutibacterium, Prevotella, Atopobium, Capnocytophaga, Fusobacterium, Pseudomonas, Solobacterium, and Streptococcus. CONCLUSIONS: The results provide additional information on the microbiota of root-canals. These data evidence the complexity of the microbiota and the relationship with many clinical and endodontic conditions. Future studies must evaluate these conditions and identify their role in inducing bone damage and local and systemic disease, aiming to better elucidate the relationship between microbes and endodontic pathologies.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Microbiota , Periodontite Periapical , Humanos , Periodontite Periapical/microbiologia , Bactérias/genética , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos , Microbiota/genética , Streptococcus , Cavidade Pulpar/microbiologia
11.
J Antibiot (Tokyo) ; 76(2): 93-100, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36564595

RESUMO

A polyphasic approach was used to determine the taxonomic position of a marine actinomycete, designated isolate CWH03T, which we previously reported to produce new linear azole-containing peptides spongiicolazolicins A and B. Strain CWH03T is mesophilic, neutrophilic, and halotolerant streptomycete that forms spiral spore chains on aerial mycelium. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that CWH03T was most closely related to Streptomyces tirandamycinicus HNM0039T (99.7%), Streptomyces spongiicola HNM0071T (99.4%), 'Streptomyces marianii' ICN19T (99.1%) and Streptomyces wuyuanensis CGMCC4.7042T (99.0%). The phylogenetic tree prepared using the 16S rRNA gene, as well as the phylogenomic tree using the genome BLAST distance phylogeny method and 81 core housekeeping genes, respectively, showed that the closest relative of strain CWH03T was S. spongiicola HNM0071T. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strains CWH03T and S. spongiicola HNM0071T were 91.46% and 44.2%, respectively, which were below the thresholds of 96% and 70% for prokaryotic conspecific assignation. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain CWH03T was 72.3%. Whole-cell hydrolysates of strain CWH03T contained LL-diaminopimelic acid. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H8) (88.3%), and the major fatty acids were iso-C16:0 (28.4%), anteiso-C15:0 (15.0%) and iso-C15:0 (12.9%). The major phospholipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified phospholipid. Based on data obtained from phenotypic, phylogenetic, genomic, and chemotaxonomic analyses, strain CWH03T represents a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the proposed name is Streptomyces pacificus sp. nov. The type strain is CWH03T ( = NBRC 114659T = TBRC 15780T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Streptomyces , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Actinobacteria/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Fosfolipídeos/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Vitamina K 2/química
12.
Phytochemistry ; 207: 113568, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36565946

RESUMO

Seven undescribed compounds, including four naphthoquinone terpenoids (aculeolatins A - D), one rare 2-nitropyrrole terpenoid (nitropyrrolin F), and two hydroxamate siderophores (aculeolamides A and B) and one further undescribed compound (2,5,7-trihydroxy-3,6-dimethylnaphthalene-1,4-dione), together with eleven known compounds (arromycin, phenaziterpene A, nitropyrrolin A, heronapyrroles A and B, salaceyin A, 5,7-dihydroxy-2-isopropylchromone, 1-hydroxyphenazine, 1-methoxyphenazine, 1-acetyl-ß-carboline, and N-(2-phenylethyl) acetamide), were isolated from the cultures of the endophytic Streptomyces aculeolatus MS1-6. The structures of the isolated compounds were determined using NMR spectroscopy and corroborated using chemical modification. These compounds exhibited a broad spectrum of biological activities, including antimalarial (IC50 6.03-9.84 µg/mL), antitubercular (MIC 3.13-6.25 µg/mL), anti-plant pathogenic fungal (MIC 25.0-50.0 µg/mL), and antibacterial (MIC 3.03-50 µg/mL) activities; however, they displayed unremarkable cytotoxicity against cancerous (MCF-7 and NCI-H187) and non-cancerous (Vero) cell lines.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Anti-Infecciosos , Antimaláricos , Antimaláricos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Antibacterianos/química , Antituberculosos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
13.
J Microbiol Methods ; 204: 106660, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36563750

RESUMO

The cell wall is a shape-defining structure that envelopes almost all bacteria, protecting them from biotic and abiotic stresses. Paradoxically, some filamentous actinomycetes have a natural ability to shed their cell wall under influence of hyperosmotic stress. These wall-deficient cells can revert to their walled state when transferred to a medium without osmoprotection but often lyse due to their fragile nature. Here, we designed plates with an osmolyte gradient to reduce cell lysis and thereby facilitating the transition between a walled and wall-deficient state. These gradient plates allow determining of the osmolyte concentration where switching takes place, thereby enabling careful and reproducible comparison between mutants affected by switching. Exploring these transitions could give valuable insights into the ecology of actinomycetes and their biotechnological applications.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Actinobacteria/genética , Actinomyces , Ágar/química , Bactérias , Parede Celular
14.
Food Res Int ; 162(Pt B): 112103, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461343

RESUMO

The microbial production of enzymes has been gaining prominence in the industry, because, in addition to presenting specificity and acting in mild reaction conditions, they can also be considered eco-friendly. An example with growing importance for the food industry is xylanases, which are prominent in beverage processing, bakery products and the production of emerging prebiotics. Microorganisms of the phylum Actinobacteria are promising sources for the production of these enzymes, however few studies in the literature report investigations on the production of xylanases by actinobacteria. This review brings together important information on the production of xylanases by actinobacteria and recent advances in the use of the enzyme in the food industry.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Indústria Alimentícia , Bactérias , Prebióticos , Bebidas
15.
J Therm Biol ; 110: 103386, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36462848

RESUMO

Mongolian sheep are characteristically cold-tolerant and they partially depend on seasonal browning of white adipose tissue (WAT) to acclimate to cold environments. The present work aimed to examine the rumen microbes, rumen fermentation profile, and relationships between the rumen microbiota, short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), and markers of WAT browning and are thus conducive to exploring the plateau environment adaptability of Mongolian sheep in the cold season. A comparative analysis of the rumen microbes and SCFAs in the cold and warm seasons was conducted. Rumen microbes were analyzed using Illumina sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene. Ruminal SCFAs were determined by gas chromatography. Spearman's correlation test was used to determine the relationships between the rumen microbiota, SCFAs, and markers of WAT browning. Microbial 16S rRNA sequencing revealed a marked shift in rumen microbiota composition between the two seasons, and the bacteria were characterized by increased levels of the Actinobacteria and genera Christensenellaceae R-7 group, Ruminococcaceae UCG-011, Rikenellaceae RC9 gut group, Papillibacter, and Butyrivibrio 2 and reduced levels of Prevotella 1 and Ruminococcaceae UCG-014 in the cold season (P<0.05). Furthermore, the concentrations of SCFAs such as acetate and butyrate were significantly increased in the cold season (P<0.001 and P<0.05, respectively). Correlation analysis demonstrated that the relative abundances of the Actinobacteria and the genera Christensenellaceae R-7 group, Butyrivibrio 2, Ruminococcaceae UCG-002, and Ruminococcaceae UCG-011, identified as members of the Christensenellaceae, Lachnospiraceae, and Ruminococcaceae families (all within Firmicutes), were positively correlated with markers of browning in either retroperitoneal WAT or perirenal WAT, and acetate was positively correlated with Ruminococcaceae UCG-011 and Butyrivibrio 2 and markers of browning in either retroperitoneal WAT or perirenal WAT. Overall, there are distinct relationships between the rumen microbiota, ruminal SCFAs and markers of WAT browning during the cold season in grazing Mongolian sheep.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Rúmen , Ovinos , Animais , Estações do Ano , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis , Gerbillinae , Tecido Adiposo Branco , Biomarcadores
16.
Mar Drugs ; 20(12)2022 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36547916

RESUMO

Over the past few years, new technological and scientific advances have reinforced the field of natural product discovery. The spirotetronate class of natural products has recently grown with the discovery of phocoenamicins, natural actinomycete derived compounds that possess different antibiotic activities. Exploring the MEDINA's strain collection, 27 actinomycete strains, including three marine-derived and 24 terrestrial strains, were identified as possible phocoenamicins producers and their taxonomic identification by 16S rDNA sequencing showed that they all belong to the Micromonospora genus. Using an OSMAC approach, all the strains were cultivated in 10 different media each, resulting in 270 fermentations, whose extracts were analyzed by LC-HRMS and subjected to High-throughput screening (HTS) against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra and Mycobacterium bovis. The combination of LC-UV-HRMS analyses, metabolomics analysis and molecular networking (GNPS) revealed that they produce several related spirotetronates not disclosed before. Variations in the culture media were identified as the most determining factor for phocoenamicin production and the best producer strains and media were established. Herein, we reported the chemically diverse production and metabolic profiling of Micromonospora sp. strains, including the known phocoenamicins and maklamicin, reported for the first time as being related to this family of compounds, as well as the bioactivity of their crude extracts. Although our findings do not confirm previous statements about phocoenamicins production only in unique marine environments, they have identified marine-derived Micromonospora species as the best producers of phocoenamicins in terms of both the abundance in their extracts of some major members of the structural class and the variety of molecular structures produced.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Micromonospora , Micromonospora/química , Antibacterianos/química , Estrutura Molecular , Actinobacteria/genética
17.
Mar Drugs ; 20(12)2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36547907

RESUMO

Plastics are present in the majority of daily-use products worldwide. Due to society's production and consumption patterns, plastics are accumulating in the environment, causing global pollution issues and intergenerational impacts. Our work aims to contribute to the development of solutions and sustainable methods to mitigate this pressing problem, focusing on the ability of marine-derived actinomycetes to accelerate plastics biodegradation and produce polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), which are biodegradable bioplastics. The thin plastic films' biodegradation was monitored by weight loss, changes in the surface chemical structure (Infra-Red spectroscopy FTIR-ATR), and by mechanical properties (tensile strength tests). Thirty-six marine-derived actinomycete strains were screened for their plastic biodegradability potential. Among these, Streptomyces gougerotti, Micromonospora matsumotoense, and Nocardiopsis prasina revealed ability to degrade plastic films-low-density polyethylene (LDPE), polystyrene (PS) and polylactic acid (PLA) in varying conditions, namely upon the addition of yeast extract to the culture media and the use of UV pre-treated thin plastic films. Enhanced biodegradation by these bacteria was observed in both cases. S. gougerotti degraded 0.56% of LDPE films treated with UV radiation and 0.67% of PS films when inoculated with yeast extract. Additionally, N. prasina degraded 1.27% of PLA films when these were treated with UV radiation, and yeast extract was added to the culture medium. The main and most frequent differences observed in FTIR-ATR spectra during biodegradation occurred at 1740 cm-1, indicating the formation of carbonyl groups and an increase in the intensity of the bands, which indicates oxidation. Young Modulus decreased by 30% on average. In addition, S. gougerotti and M. matsumotoense, besides biodegrading conventional plastics (LDPE and PS), were also able to use these as a carbon source to produce degradable PHA bioplastics in a circular economy concept.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Plásticos , Polietileno/metabolismo , Actinobacteria/metabolismo , Actinomyces/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Biopolímeros , Poliésteres , Poliestirenos
18.
BMC Microbiol ; 22(1): 302, 2022 12 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36510142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Longevity is one of the most complex phenotypes, and its genetic basis remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the genetic correlation and potential causal association between gut microbiota and longevity. RESULTS: Linkage disequilibrium score (LDSC) regression analysis and a bi-directional two-sample Mendelian Randomization (MR) analysis were performed to analyze gut microbiota and longevity-related traits. LDSC analysis detected four candidate genetic correlations, including Veillonella (genetic correlation = 0.5578, P = 4.67 × 10- 2) and Roseburia (genetic correlation = 0.4491, P = 2.67 × 10- 2) for longevity, Collinsella (genetic correlation = 0.3144, P = 4.07 × 10- 2) for parental lifespan and Sporobacter (genetic correlation = 0.2092, P = 3.53 × 10- 2) for healthspan. Further MR analysis observed suggestive causation between Collinsella and parental longevity (father's age at death) (weighted median: b = 1.79 × 10- 3, P = 3.52 × 10- 2). Reverse MR analysis also detected several causal effects of longevity-related traits on gut microbiota, such as longevity and Sporobacter (IVW: b = 7.02 × 10- 1, P = 4.21 × 10- 25). Statistical insignificance of the heterogeneity test and pleiotropy test supported the validity of the MR study. CONCLUSION: Our study found evidence that gut microbiota is causally associated with longevity, or vice versa, providing novel clues for understanding the roles of gut microbiota in aging development.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Lactobacillales , Longevidade/genética , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Clostridiales , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
19.
Arch Microbiol ; 205(1): 32, 2022 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36536265

RESUMO

Tangible archeological sites and stone monuments are naturally decayed and deteriorated over time, providing substances that can sustain life, although they provide a complicated ecosystem characterized by low nutrition and desiccation. Stone-inhabiting bacteria (SIB) and especially members of the phylum Actinobacteria dominate such environments, particularly the members of the family Geodermatophilaceae. We used the published data of two confirmed SIB species to mine their genomes for specific molecular markers to rapidly survey the presence of SIB in cultural heritage material prior to further analysis. The search focused on the mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) synthesis pathway. MAAs are intracellular compounds biosynthesized by the shikimic acid pathway to synthesize aromatic amino acids and were found related to abiotic resistance features in microorganisms. Based on genome mining, the DAHP II (aroF) and a homolog of the Chorismate mutase gene (cm2) were found mostly in Actinobacteria and few other species. After calibration on five stone-inhabiting Actinobacteria (SIAb) species using conventional PCR, newly designed primers were successfully applied to environmental DNA extracted from two Egyptian pyramidal sites using a qPCR approach. This is the first report of aroF and cm2 as qPCR markers to detect SIAb from cultural heritage material prior to proceeding with further analysis (e.g., metagenomics and meta-barcoding analyses).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Actinomycetales , Ecossistema , Bactérias/genética
20.
J Nat Prod ; 85(12): 2714-2722, 2022 12 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36512509

RESUMO

A series of novel macrolides were discovered from the culture supernatant of the rare soil actinobacteria Dactylosporangium fulvum and named dactylosporolides A-C. The structure and absolute configuration of these dactylosporolides were defined using a combination of NMR structural elucidation and analysis of the dactylosporolide biosynthetic gene cluster. Together these data revealed dactylosporolides to be composed of a central 22-membered macrolactone with an internal hemiketal ring and a protruding ketide tail that were (poly)glycosylated at two distal parts. While bearing no antibiotic activity, these dactylosporolides displayed activity against Plasmodium falciparum 3D7.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Micromonosporaceae , Macrolídeos/farmacologia , Macrolídeos/química , Actinobacteria/genética , Glicosilação , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química
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