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1.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617879

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterium, designated strain SYSU M44304T, was isolated from freshwater samples in the Pearl River Estuary. The isolate was Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, coccus-shaped, oxidase-positive and motile. The cell wall contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as its diagnostic diamino acid. The predominant menaquinone was MK-8. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylethanolamine and seven unidentified phospholipids. The major fatty acids were C16 : 0 and C16 : 1. The G+C content based on genomic DNA was 73.2 mol %. The nearest phylogenetic neighbours to the novel strain were Mobilicoccus pelagius NBRC 104925T and Mobilicoccus caccae YIM 101593T. On the basis of chemotaxonomic and physiological characteristics and phylogenetic analysis, strain SYSU M44304T should be considered to represent a novel species of a new genus in the family Dermatophilaceae, for which we propose the name Agilicoccus flavus gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain of Agilicoccus flavus is SYSU M44304T (=NBRC 114808T=CGMCC 1.18608T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Rios , Actinobacteria , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
2.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 723821, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616690

RESUMO

Ancient dental calculus, formed from dental plaque, is a rich source of ancient DNA and can provide information regarding the food and oral microbiology at that time. Genomic analysis of dental calculus from Neanderthals has revealed the difference in bacterial composition of oral microbiome between Neanderthals and modern humans. There are few reports investigating whether the pathogenic bacteria of periodontitis, a polymicrobial disease induced in response to the accumulation of dental plaque, were different between ancient and modern humans. This study aimed to compare the bacterial composition of the oral microbiome in ancient and modern human samples and to investigate whether lifestyle differences depending on the era have altered the bacterial composition of the oral microbiome and the causative bacteria of periodontitis. Additionally, we introduce a novel diagnostic approach for periodontitis in ancient skeletons using micro-computed tomography. Ancient 16S rDNA sequences were obtained from 12 samples at the Unko-in site (18th-19th century) of the Edo era (1603-1867), a characteristic period in Japan when immigrants were not accepted. Furthermore, modern 16S rDNA data from 53 samples were obtained from a database to compare the modern and ancient microbiome. The microbial co-occurrence network was analyzed based on 16S rDNA read abundance. Eubacterium species, Mollicutes species, and Treponema socranskii were the core species in the Edo co-occurrence network. The co-occurrence relationship between Actinomyces oricola and Eggerthella lenta appeared to have played a key role in causing periodontitis in the Edo era. However, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum subsp. vincentii, and Prevotella pleuritidis were the core and highly abundant species in the co-occurrence network of modern samples. These results suggest the possibility of differences in the pathogens causing periodontitis during different eras in history.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Actinobacteria , Actinomyces , Fusobacterium , Humanos , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Prevotella , Treponema , Microtomografia por Raio-X
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520340

RESUMO

The fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea is the causal agent of devastating gray mold diseases in many economically important fruits, vegetables, and flowers, leading to serious economic losses worldwide. In this study, a novel actinomycete NEAU-LD23T exhibiting antifungal activity against B. cinerea was isolated, and its taxonomic position was evaluated using a polyphasic approach. Based on the genotypic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic data, it is concluded that the strain represents a novel species within the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces botrytidirepellens sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NEAU-LD23T (=CCTCC AA 2019029T=DSM 109824T). In addition, strain NEAU-LD23T showed a strong antagonistic effect against B. cinerea (82.6±2.5%) and varying degrees of inhibition on nine other phytopathogenic fungi. Both cell-free filtrate and methanol extract of mycelia of strain NEAU-LD23T significantly inhibited mycelial growth of B. cinerea. To preliminarily explore the antifungal mechanisms, the genome of strain NEAU-LD23T was sequenced and analyzed. AntiSMASH analysis led to the identification of several gene clusters responsible for the biosynthesis of bioactive secondary metabolites with antifungal activity, including 9-methylstreptimidone, echosides, anisomycin, coelichelin and desferrioxamine B. Overall, this research provided us an excellent strain with considerable potential to use for biological control of tomato gray mold.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Streptomyces , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Botrytis , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Streptomyces/genética
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495823

RESUMO

The novel, anaerobic, Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterial strain, ResAG-91T, was isolated from a faecal sample of a male human volunteer. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain ResAG-91T showed high similarity to the type strains of Adlercreutzia equolifaciens subsp. equolifaciens and Adlercreutzia equolifaciens subsp. celatus. Analysis of the whole draft genome sequences, i.e. digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) and average nucleotide identity (ANI), of strain ResAG-91T and the type strains of Adlercreutzia species revealed that strain ResAG-91T represents a novel species of the genus Adlercreutzia. The genome size of strain ResAG-91T is 2.8 Mbp and the G+C content is 63.3 mol%. The major respiratory quinone of strain ResAG-91T was MMK-5 (methylmenaquinone). Major cellular fatty acids were C15 : 0 anteiso, C14 : 0 iso and C14 : 0 2-OH. Galactose and ribose were detected as major whole cell sugars. Furthermore, the peptidoglycan type of strain ResAG-91T was A1γ with meso-diaminopimelic acid. The polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified lipid, three unidentified phospholipids and five unidentified glycolipids. Strain ResAG-91T was able to metabolize the stilbene resveratrol into dihydroresveratrol. On the basis of this polyphasic approach, including phenotypical, molecular (16S rRNA gene and whole genome sequencing) and biochemical (fatty acids, quinones, polar lipids, peptidoglycan, whole cell sugars, Rapid ID32A and API20A) analyses, we propose the novel species Adlercreutzia rubneri sp. nov. with the type and only strain ResAG-91T (=DSM 111416T=JCM 34176T=LMG 31897T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Fezes/microbiologia , Resveratrol , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
5.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 652, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507539

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Composting is an important technique for environment-friendly degradation of organic material, and is a microbe-driven process. Previous metagenomic studies of composting have presented a general description of the taxonomic and functional diversity of its microbial populations, but they have lacked more specific information on the key organisms that are active during the process. RESULTS: Here we present and analyze 60 mostly high-quality metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) recovered from time-series samples of two thermophilic composting cells, of which 47 are potentially new bacterial species; 24 of those did not have any hits in two public MAG datasets at the 95% average nucleotide identity level. Analyses of gene content and expressed functions based on metatranscriptome data for one of the cells grouped the MAGs in three clusters along the 99-day composting process. By applying metabolic modeling methods, we were able to predict metabolic dependencies between MAGs. These models indicate the importance of coadjuvant bacteria that do not carry out lignocellulose degradation but may contribute to the management of reactive oxygen species and with enzymes that increase bioenergetic efficiency in composting, such as hydrogenases and N2O reductase. Strong metabolic dependencies predicted between MAGs revealed key interactions relying on exchange of H+, NH3, O2 and CO2, as well as glucose, glutamate, succinate, fumarate and others, highlighting the importance of functional stratification and syntrophic interactions during biomass conversion. Our model includes 22 out of 49 MAGs recovered from one composting cell data. Based on this model we highlight that Rhodothermus marinus, Thermobispora bispora and a novel Gammaproteobacterium are dominant players in chemolithotrophic metabolism and cross-feeding interactions. CONCLUSIONS: The results obtained expand our knowledge of the taxonomic and functional diversity of composting bacteria and provide a model of their dynamic metabolic interactions.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Metagenoma , Actinobacteria , Bactérias/genética , Rhodothermus
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582326

RESUMO

The actinomycetes strains KRD168T and KRD185T were isolated from sediments collected from the deep Southern Ocean and, in this work, they are described as representing two novel species of the genus Pseudonocardia through a polyphasic approach. Despite sharing >99 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with other members of the genus, comparative genomic analysis allowed species delimitation based on average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization. The KRD168T genome is characterized by a size of 6.31 Mbp and a G+C content of 73.44 mol%, while the KRD185T genome has a size of 6.82 Mbp and a G+C content of 73.98 mol%. Both strains contain meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid, glucose as the major whole-cell sugar, MK-8(H4) as a major menaquinone and iso-branched hexadecanoic acid as a major fatty acid. Biochemical and fatty acid analyses also revealed differences between these strains and their phylogenetic neighbours, supporting their status as distinct species. The names Pseudonocardia abyssalis sp. nov. (type strain KRD168T=DSM 111918T=NCIMB 15270T) and Pseudonocardia oceani (type strain KRD185T=DSM 111919T=NCIMB 15269T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Actinobacteria/genética , Actinomyces , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceanos e Mares , Filogenia , Pseudonocardia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análise
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542392

RESUMO

An aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, dull-yellow, short rod-shaped actinomycete strain, designated G10T, was isolated from Tagetes patula (marigold) roots collected from Goyang in the Republic of Korea. The isolate showed best growth on Reasoner's 2A agar at 25 °C, pH 6.5.0 and with 0% NaCl (w/v). The strain was negative for oxidase activity and positive for catalase activity. On the basis of 16S RNA gene sequence similarity, strain G10T was affiliated to the genus Nocardioides and the closest species were Nocardioides glacieisoli HLT3-15T (98.8 %), Nocardioides zhouii HLT2-9T (98.8 %), Nocardioides ganghwensis JC2055T (98.7 %), Nocardioides cavernae YIM A1136T (98.6 %), Nocardioides flavus Y4T (98.5 %), Nocardioides oleivorans DSM 16090T (98.3 %), Nocardioides alpinus Cr7-14T (98.2 %), Nocardioides exalbidus DSM 22017T (98.1 %) and Nocardioides hwasunensis KCTC 19197T (98.1 %). Strain G10T formed a monophyletic cluster with N. glacieisoli HLT3-15T, N. zhouii HLT2-9T and N. hwasunensis KCTC 19197T in all phylogenetic trees. The cell-wall peptidoglycan of strain G10T contained ll-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic amino acid. The predominant fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0 and C17 : 1 ω8c. MK-8(H4) was the major isoprenoid quinone. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol. Average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values were 78.6-88.7 % and 21.5-36.2 %, respectively, with the type strains of related species of the genus Nocardioides, suggesting that strain G10T represents a novel species. The genome of strain G10T is 4 231 000 bp long with a DNA G+C content of 71.5 mol% and encodes 4071 predicted proteins, six rRNAs and 46 tRNAs. The genome of strain G10T comprises the biosynthetic gene cluster for T3PKS, terpene, NRPS-like fragment and RRE-containing element as secondary metabolites. The results of taxonomic, phylogenetic, biochemical, chemotaxonomic and genomic analysis clearly supported that strain G10T represent a novel species within the genus Nocardioides, for which the name Nocardioides baculatus sp. nov is proposed and the type strain is G10T (=KCTC 49626T=NBRC 114801T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Tagetes , Actinobacteria/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Nocardioides , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rizosfera , Análise de Sequência de DNA
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542394

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, non-motile and short rod-shaped actinobacterium, designated strain LNNU 22110T, was isolated from the rhizosphere soil of the halophyte Suaeda aralocaspica (Bunge) Freitag and Schütze, which collected in Xinjiang, north-west China. Growth occurred at 10-45 °C, pH 6.0-10.0 and in the presence of 0-11 % NaCl (w/v). Based on the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence phylogenetic analyses, strain LNNU 22110T belonged to the genus Ruania and had 97.5 and 95.5 % sequence similarity to Ruania alba KCTC 19413T and Ruania albidiflava CGMCC 4.3142T, respectively. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization relatedness values between strain LNNU 22110T and R. alba KCTC 19413T and R. albidiflava CGMCC 4.3142T were 23.2 and 19.9 %, respectively. The highest average nucleotide identity value between strain LNNU 22110T and its closest related strain (R. alba KCTC 19413T) was 80.2 %, much lower than the species delineation threshold of 95-96 %. The genome of strain LNNU 22110T was 4.4 Mb, with a genomic DNA G+C content of 68.4 mol%. The diagnostic diamino acids in the peptidoglycan layer of strain LNNU 22110T were lysine, alanine, glycine, glutamic acid and aspartic acid. The predominant menaquinone was MK-8(H4). The major fatty acid (>10 %) was anteiso-C15 : 0. The polar lipid profile of strain LNNU 22110T included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, diacylated phosphatidyl dimannoside, one unidentified glycolipid and two unidentified phospholipids. According to the phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic results, strain LNNU 22110T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Ruania, for which the name Ruania rhizosphaerae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LNNU 22110T (=KCTC 39807T=CGMCC 1.17105T).


Assuntos
Chenopodiaceae , Rizosfera , Actinobacteria , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Microbiologia do Solo
9.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 93(suppl 3): e20201925, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586182

RESUMO

Free radicals are highly reactive unstable molecules, which can be synthesized in different ways, considered harmful and threatening to humans; these chemical species have free traffic throughout the human body, interacting with biological molecules and human body organ tissues. The interaction between free radicals and biological molecules is the main factor for disease development or pre-existing disease symptoms aggravation. Antioxidants are chemical compounds able to donate electric charge to stabilize molecules such as free radicals. Recent studies have proved the benefits of antioxidants intake in health improvement. In this way, the search for natural sources of antioxidants has become an ascending trend. In this field, the microbial sources are considered poorly explored compared to the numerous amount of other compounds obtained from them, especially from Actinobacteria. The searched literature about Actinobacteria highlights an important capacity of producing natural antioxidants; however, there is a lack of in vivo studies of these isolated compounds. In this review, we gathered information that supports our point of view that Actinobacteria is a truly renewable and superficially explored source of natural antioxidants. Furthermore, our purpose is also to point this limitation and stimulate more researches in this area.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Antioxidantes , Bactérias , Radicais Livres , Humanos
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(17)2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502147

RESUMO

Tetramethrin is a pyrethroid insecticide that is commonly used worldwide. The toxicity of this insecticide into the living system is an important concern. In this study, a novel tetramethrin-degrading bacterial strain named A16 was isolated from the activated sludge and identified as Gordonia cholesterolivorans. Strain A16 exhibited superior tetramethrin degradation activity, and utilized tetramethrin as the sole carbon source for growth in a mineral salt medium (MSM). High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis revealed that the A16 strain was able to completely degrade 25 mg·L-1 of tetramethrin after 9 days of incubation. Strain A16 effectively degraded tetramethrin at temperature 20-40 °C, pH 5-9, and initial tetramethrin 25-800 mg·L-1. The maximum specific degradation rate (qmax), half-saturation constant (Ks), and inhibition constant (Ki) were determined to be 0.4561 day-1, 7.3 mg·L-1, and 75.2 mg·L-1, respectively. The Box-Behnken design was used to optimize degradation conditions, and maximum degradation was observed at pH 8.5 and a temperature of 38 °C. Five intermediate metabolites were identified after analyzing the degradation products through gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), which suggested that tetramethrin could be degraded first by cleavage of its carboxylester bond, followed by degradation of the five-carbon ring and its subsequent metabolism. This is the first report of a metabolic pathway of tetramethrin in a microorganism. Furthermore, bioaugmentation of tetramethrin-contaminated soils (50 mg·kg-1) with strain A16 (1.0 × 107 cells g-1 of soil) significantly accelerated the degradation rate of tetramethrin, and 74.1% and 82.9% of tetramethrin was removed from sterile and non-sterile soils within 11 days, respectively. The strain A16 was also capable of efficiently degrading a broad spectrum of synthetic pyrethroids including D-cyphenothrin, chlorempenthrin, prallethrin, and allethrin, with a degradation efficiency of 68.3%, 60.7%, 91.6%, and 94.7%, respectively, after being cultured under the same conditions for 11 days. The results of the present study confirmed the bioremediation potential of strain A16 from a contaminated environment.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/metabolismo , Inseticidas/metabolismo , Piretrinas/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Actinobacteria/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Biotransformação , Microbiologia Industrial/métodos
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559623

RESUMO

A Gram-positive, aerobic, heterotrophic, non-endospore-forming, rod-shaped and indole-acetic acid-producing strain, designated NEAU-184T, was isolated from marine sand collected in Sanya, PR China, and its taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence data indicated that strain NEAU-184T should be assigned to the genus Agromyces and formed a distinct branch with its closest neighbour, Agromyces iriomotensis NBRC 106452T (99.1 %). 2,4-Diaminobutyric acid, d-alanine, d-glutamic acid and glycine were detected in cell-wall hydrolysate and glucose, rhamnose and xylose were detected in whole-cell hydrolysate. The polar lipids were found to contain diphosphatidylglycerol, glycolipid, phosphatidylglycerol and two unidentified lipids. The major menaquinone was MK-12 and the minor menaquinones were MK-13 and MK-11. The predominant fatty acids were anteiso-C17 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0. The DNA G+C content was 71.5 mol%. Furthermore, the strain could be clearly distinguished from its closely related type strains by the combination of DNA-DNA hybridization results and some phenotypic characteristics. Meanwhile, the strain has the ability to produce indole-acetic acid (0.334mg ml-1). Therefore, strain NEAU-184T represents a novel species of the genus Agromyces, for which the name Agromyces mariniharenae sp. nov. is proposed, with strain NEAU-184T (=CGMCC 4.7505T=JCM 32546T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Areia , Acetatos , Actinobacteria , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Indóis , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2
12.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5308, 2021 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489463

RESUMO

Climate change is altering the frequency and severity of drought events. Recent evidence indicates that drought may produce legacy effects on soil microbial communities. However, it is unclear whether precedent drought events lead to ecological memory formation, i.e., the capacity of past events to influence current ecosystem response trajectories. Here, we utilize a long-term field experiment in a mountain grassland in central Austria with an experimental layout comparing 10 years of recurrent drought events to a single drought event and ambient conditions. We show that recurrent droughts increase the dissimilarity of microbial communities compared to control and single drought events, and enhance soil multifunctionality during drought (calculated via measurements of potential enzymatic activities, soil nutrients, microbial biomass stoichiometry and belowground net primary productivity). Our results indicate that soil microbial community composition changes in concert with its functioning, with consequences for soil processes. The formation of ecological memory in soil under recurrent drought may enhance the resilience of ecosystem functioning against future drought events.


Assuntos
Secas/estatística & dados numéricos , Microbiota/fisiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Solo/química , Água/análise , Acidobacteria/classificação , Acidobacteria/genética , Acidobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Actinobacteria/classificação , Actinobacteria/genética , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Altitude , Áustria , Bacteroidetes/classificação , Bacteroidetes/genética , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Biomassa , Carbono/análise , Chloroflexi/classificação , Chloroflexi/genética , Chloroflexi/isolamento & purificação , Pradaria , Humanos , Nitrogênio/análise , Fósforo/análise , Planctomycetales/classificação , Planctomycetales/genética , Planctomycetales/isolamento & purificação , Proteobactérias/classificação , Proteobactérias/genética , Proteobactérias/isolamento & purificação , Enxofre/análise , Verrucomicrobia/classificação , Verrucomicrobia/genética , Verrucomicrobia/isolamento & purificação
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 790: 148235, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380255

RESUMO

Streptomycetes have been, for over 70 years, one of the most abundant sources for the discovery of new antibiotics and clinic drugs. However, in recent decades, it has been more and more difficult to obtain new phylotypes of the genus Streptomyces by using conventional samples and culture strategies. In this study, we combined culture-dependent and culture-independent approaches to better explore the Streptomyces communities in desert sandy soils. Moreover, two different culture strategies termed Conventional Culture Procedure (CCP) and Streptomycetes Culture Procedure (SCP) were employed to evaluate the isolation efficiency of Streptomyces spp. with different intensities of selectivity. The 16S rRNA gene amplicon analysis revealed a very low abundance (0.04-0.37%, average 0.22%) of Streptomyces in all the desert samples, conversely the percentage of Streptomyces spp. obtained by the culture-dependent method was very high (5.20-39.57%, average 27.76%), especially in the rhizospheric sand soils (38.40-39.57%, average 38.99%). Meanwhile, a total of 1589 pure cultures were isolated successfully, dominated by Streptomyces (29.52%), Microvirga (8.06%) and Bacillus (7.68%). In addition, 400 potential new species were obtained, 48 of which belonged to the genus Streptomyces. More importantly, our study demonstrated the SCP strategy which had highly selectivity could greatly expand the number and phylotypes of Streptomyces spp. by almost 4-fold than CCP strategy. These results provide insights on the diversity investigation of desert Streptomyces, and it could be reference for researchers to bring more novel actinobacteria strains from the environment into culture.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Streptomyces , Actinobacteria/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Microbiologia do Solo , Streptomyces/genética
14.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 716493, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34395316

RESUMO

Supragingival dental plaque samples were collected from 40 Swedish adolescents, including 20 with caries lesions (CAR) and 20 caries-free (CF). Fresh plaque samples were subjected to an ex vivo acid tolerance (AT) test where the proportion of bacteria resistant to an acid shock was evaluated through confocal microscopy and live/dead staining, and the metabolites produced were quantified by 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H NMR). In addition, DNA was extracted and the 16S rRNA gene was sequenced by Illumina sequencing, in order to characterize bacterial composition in the same samples. There were no significant differences in AT scores between CAR and CF individuals. However, 7 out of the 10 individuals with highest AT scores belonged to the CAR group. Regarding bacterial composition, Abiotrophia, Prevotella and Veillonella were found at significantly higher levels in CAR individuals (p=0.0085, 0.026 and 0.04 respectively) and Rothia and Corynebacterium at significantly higher levels in CF individuals (p=0.026 and 0.003). The caries pathogen Streptococcus mutans was found at low frequencies and was absent in 60% of CAR individuals. Random-forest predictive models indicate that at least 4 bacterial species or 9 genera are needed to distinguish CAR from CF adolescents. The metabolomic profile obtained by NMR showed a significant clustering of organic acids with specific bacteria in CAR and/or high AT individuals, being Scardovia wiggsiae the species with strongest associations. A significant clustering of ethanol and isopropanol with health-associated bacteria such as Rothia or Corynebacterium was also found. Accordingly, several relationships involving these compounds like the Ethanol : Lactate or Succinate : Lactate ratios were significantly associated to acid tolerance and could be of predictive value for caries risk. We therefore propose that future caries risk studies would benefit from considering not only the use of multiple organisms as potential microbial biomarkers, but also their functional adaptation and metabolic output.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Placa Dentária , Microbiota , Actinobacteria , Adolescente , Humanos , Metabolômica , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Streptococcus mutans/genética
15.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(8)2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34441003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kytococcus species has not been considered a pathogen, but infections caused by this species are increasing. There are several cases of infections caused by Kytococcus sedentarius, but no case of infectious spondylitis has been reported yet. CASE PRESENTATION: A 79-year-old female patient was hospitalized because of back pain for several months. She was diagnosed with infectious spondylitis, and K. sedentarius was cultured from the pus and specimen obtained during the surgical procedure. The patient recovered completely without recurrence after 6 months of treatment with ciprofloxacin alone for 8 weeks. CONCLUSION: This is the first case report of infectious spondylitis caused by K. sedentarius.


Assuntos
Espondilite , Actinobacteria , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Espondilite/diagnóstico por imagem , Espondilite/tratamento farmacológico
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388085

RESUMO

Two pairs of aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped strains (HY164T/HY044, HY168T/HY211) were isolated from bat faecal samples. Strains HY164T and HY044 were motile with a polar flagellum, and had 16S rRNA gene similarity of 95.1-98.6 % to Haloactinobacterium album YIM 93306T and Haloactinobacterium glacieicola T3246-1T; strains HY168T and HY211 were most similar to Ruania albidiflava DSM 18029T (96.6 %). Phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene and whole genome sequences revealed affiliation of strains HY164T and HY168T to the family Ruaniaceae, representing novel lineages in the genera Haloactinobacterium and Ruania, respectively, which was also supported by the results for average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH). For all isolates, the principal cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C14 : 0. HY164T and HY168T had MK-8(H4) as the predominant isoprenoid quinone, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, several unidentified phospholipids and glycolipids as common polar lipids while the latter strain additionally contained one unidentified aminophospholipid and one unidentified phosphoglycolipid. Besides sharing alanine, glutamic acid and lysine with HY164T, HY168T additionally contained 2,4-diaminobutyric acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. The whole-cell sugars of HY164T were ribose and rhamnose, while HY168T only included the latter. The DNA G+C contents of HY164T and HY168T were 71.0 and 69.1 mol%, respectively. Combining the polyphasic taxonomic data, HY164T (=CGMCC 4.7606T=JCM 33464T) is classified as representing a novel species of the genus Haloactinobacterium with the proposed name Haloactinobacterium kanbiaonis sp. nov., and HY168T (=CGMCC 1.16970T=JCM 33465T) is proposed to represent a novel species of the genus Ruania with the name Ruania zhangjianzhongii sp. nov.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Quirópteros , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Quirópteros/microbiologia , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fezes/microbiologia , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427551

RESUMO

A novel filamentous Actinobacterium, designated strain FXJ1.1311T, was isolated from soil collected in Ngari (Ali) Prefecture, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, western PR China. The strain showed antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria and Fusarium oxysporum. Results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain FXJ1.1311T belonged to the genus Lentzea and showed the highest sequence similarity to Lentzea guizhouensis DHS C013T (98.04%). Morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics supported its assignment to the genus Lentzea. The genome-wide average nucleotide identity between strain FXJ1.1311T and L. guizhouensis DHS C013T as well as other Lentzea type strains was <82.2 %. Strain FXJ1.1311T also formed a monophyletic line distinct from the known Lentzea species in the phylogenomic tree. In addition, physiological and chemotaxonomic characteristics allowed phenotypic differentiation of the novel strain from L. guizhouensis. Based on the evidence presented here, strain FXJ1.1311T represents a novel species of the genus Lentzea, for which the name Lentzea tibetensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is FXJ1.1311T (=CGMCC 4.7383T=DSM 104975T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Anti-Infecciosos , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/classificação , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tibet
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431766

RESUMO

The aerobic primarily chemoorganotrophic actinobacterial strain MWH-Mo1T was isolated from a freshwater lake and is characterized by small cell lengths of less than 1 µm, small cell volumes of 0.05-0.06 µm3 (ultramicrobacterium), a small genome size of 1.75 Mbp and, at least for an actinobacterium, a low DNA G+C content of 54.6 mol%. Phylogenetic analyses based on concatenated amino acid sequences of 116 housekeeping genes suggested the type strain of Aurantimicrobium minutum affiliated with the family Microbacteriaceae as its closest described relative. Strain MWH-Mo1T shares with the type strain of that species a 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 99.6 % but the genomes of the two strains share an average nucleotide identity of only 79.3 %. Strain MWH-Mo1T is in many genomic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics quite similar to the type strain of A. minutum. Previous intensive investigations revealed two unusual traits of strain MWH-Mo1T. Although the strain is not known to be phototrophic, the metabolism is adjusted to the diurnal light cycle by up- and down-regulation of genes in light and darkness. This results in faster growth in the presence of light. Additionally, a cell size-independent protection against predation by bacterivorous flagellates, most likely mediated by a proteinaceous cell surface structure, was demonstrated. For the previously intensively investigated aerobic chemoorganotrophic actinobacterial strain MWH-Mo1T (=CCUG 56426T=DSM 107758T), the establishment of the new species Aurantimicrobium photophilum sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Lagos/microbiologia , Fotoperíodo , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
19.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443495

RESUMO

Phytochemical investigation and chromatographic separation of extracts from the actinobacteria strain Saccharomonospora piscinae that was isolated from dried fishpond sediment of Kouhu township, in the south of Taiwan, led to the isolation of three new compounds, saccharpiscinols A-C (1-3, respectively), and three new natural products, namely (2S)-5,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxy-6,8-dimethylflavanone (4), methyl-4-hydroxy-2-methoxy-6-methylbenzoate (5), and (±)-7-acetyl-4,8-dihydroxy-6-methyl-1-tetralone (6). Compounds 4-6 were reported before as synthesized products, herein, they are reported from nature for the first time. The structures of the new compounds were unambiguously elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic data analysis (1D- and 2D-NMR, MS, and UV) and comparison with literature data. The effect of some isolates on the inhibition of NO production in lipopolysaccharide-activated RAW 264.7 murine macrophages was evaluated. Saccharpiscinol A showed inhibitory activities against LPS-induced NO production.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Misturas Complexas , Flavonoides/química , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Células RAW 264.7
20.
Curr Microbiol ; 78(10): 3667-3673, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382101

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterial strain, Gram-positive, anaerobic, non-motile, and rod-shaped, designated KGMB02528T, was isolated from healthy human feces. Cells of strain KGMB02528T grew optimally at pH 7.0 and 37 °C and in the presence of 0% (w/v) NaCl. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, strain KGMB04489T belonged to the genus Collinsella and was most closely related to Collinsella aerofaciens DSM 17552T (95.8%). The DNA G + C content was 58.0 mol%. The major cellular fatty acids (> 10%) were C16:0 DMA, C16:0 ALDE, C14:0 DMA, and C12:0. The predominant end product of fermentation was acetic acid. The cell wall peptidoglycan of strain KGMB02528T contained alanine, glutamic acid, and lysine, while diaminopimelic acid was not detected. The polar lipids were composed of two unidentified phospholipids and unidentified nine glycolipids. Based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic properties, strain KGMB02528T represents a novel species of the genus Collinsella, for which the name Collinsella acetigenes sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Collinsella acetigenes KGMB02528T (= KCTC 15847T = CCUG 73987T). The description of the genus Collinsella is emended to accommodate the new species.The GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of Collinsella acetigenes KGMB02528T is MT117838. The whole-genome shotgun BioProject number is PRJNA623694 with the accession number JABBCP000000000.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Fosfolipídeos , Actinobacteria , Anaerobiose , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Fezes , Humanos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
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