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1.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 829, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mycetoma is a chronic granulomatous subcutaneous infection caused by anaerobic pseudofilamentous bacteria or fungi. It is commonly prevalent in tropical and subtropical countries. Men are more susceptible to the disease due to greater participation in agricultural works. Mycetoma commonly involves lower extremities, wherein untreated cases lead to aggressive therapeutic choices, such as amputation of the affected body organs and consequently lifelong disability. CASE PRESENTATION: In this report, we present the rare case of a 58-year-old man, originally from Algeria with a left foot chronic tumefaction of 5 years. In the initial clinical examination, mycetoma was diagnosed based on tumefaction and the presence of multiple sinuses with the emission of white grains. The latter was observed via direct examination. The histopathological analysis demonstrated an actinomycetoma caused by bacteria, as the etiological agent. Imaging showed a bone involvement with osteolysis at the levels of 2nd to 4th metatarsal diaphysis. The mycological and bacterial cultures were both negative. For an accurate diagnosis, the obtained grains were subjected to molecular analysis, targeting the 16S-rDNA gene. Molecular identification yielded Actinomadura madurae as the causal agent, and 800/160 mg of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole was prescribed twice a day for 1 year, as a treatment. CONCLUSION: Considering low information about this disease, especially in non-endemic areas, it is of high importance to enhance the knowledge and awareness of clinicians and healthcare providers, in particular in the countries with immigration issues.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/genética , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Micetoma/diagnóstico , Micetoma/tratamento farmacológico , Combinação Trimetoprima e Sulfametoxazol/uso terapêutico , Argélia/etnologia , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Pé/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Micetoma/etnologia , Micetoma/microbiologia , Paris , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5280-5286, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881678

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, whitesmoke-coloured and aerobic bacterium, designated strain Co35T, was isolated from the intestine of Collichthys lucidus collected from the Jiangmen Guangdong Chinese White Dolphin Provincial Nature Reserve. Strain Co35T was able to grow at 15-35 °C (optimal 28 °C), at pH 7.0-8.5 (optimal 8.0) and with 0-9 % (w/v) NaCl (optimal 0.5-1 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain Co35T was a member of the genus Aeromicrobium within the family Nocardioidaceae. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain Co35T was 68.4 mol%. Chemotaxonomic analysis showed that the sole respiratory quinone was menaquinone 9 (MK-9), and the major fatty acids included 10-methyl C18 : 0. The polar lipids were found to consist of phosphatidylglycerol (PG), diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylinositol (PI), two unidentified phospholipids (PL1-2) and two unidentified glycolipids (GL1-2). On the basis of its phylogenetic, phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, genotypic and genomic characteristics presented in this study, strain Co35T represents a novel species in the genus Aeromicrobium, for which the name Aeromicrobium piscarium sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Co35T (=KCTC 49280T=MCCC 1K03754T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Perciformes/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Intestinos/microbiologia , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5576-5585, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941125

RESUMO

Two novel Gram-stain-positive bacteria, designated as SCSIO 52909T and SCSIO 52915T, were isolated from a deep-sea sediment sample collected at about 3448 m water depth of the South China Sea. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic characteristics were investigated. These strains were aerobic and tested positive for catalase activity, oxidase activity and nitrate reduction. Optimal growth occurred at 28 °C, pH 7 and 3% salinity over 14 days cultivation. Its peptidoglycan structure was type A3α (l-Lys-l-Ala) and the only menaquinone was MK-8. Both strains possessed diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified phosphoglycolipid, an unidentified glycolipid and an unidentified phospholipid. Their major fatty acids differed, but both contained iso-branched components of C16 : 0 12-methyl. Genome sequencing revealed two large genomes of 4.58 Mbp with G+C content of 67.0 mol% in SCSIO 52909T and of 4.42 Mbp with G+C content of 69.1 % in SCSIO 52915T. The two novel strains encoded genes for metabolism that are absent in most other Rubrobacter species, and possessed many more gene copy numbers of alkaline phosphatase and thioredoxin reductase. Results of gANI and 16S rRNA gene analyses suggested that the two strains represent two new species, with 74.9, 95.0 % pairwise similarity between each other, and less than 74.3 and 93.5 % to other recognized Rubrobacter species, respectively. In the phylogenetic analysis, strains SCSIO 52909T and SCSIO 52915T were separately clustered together and formed a well-separated phylogenetic branch distinct from the other known species in the genus Rubrobacter. Based on the data presented here, these two strains should be recognized as two new species in the genus Rubrobacter, for which the names Rubrobacter tropicus sp. nov., with the type strain SCSIO 52909T (=KCTC 49412T=CGMCC 1.13853T), and Rubrobacter marinus sp. nov., with the type strain SCSIO 52915T (=KCTC 49411T=CGMCC 1.13852T), are proposed.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Oceano Pacífico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
4.
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol ; 79(3): 321-332, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897393

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the association among polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) exposure and air pollutants and the diversity of microbiota. Daily average concentrations of six common air pollutants were obtained from China National Environmental Monitoring Centre. The PAHs exposure levels were evaluated by external and internal exposure detection methods, including monitoring atmospheric PAHs and urinary hydroxyl-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (OH-PAH) metabolite levels. We analyzed the diversity of environmental and commensal bacterial communities with 16S rRNA gene sequencing and performed functional enrichment with Phylogenetic Investigation of Communities by Reconstruction of Unobserved States (PICRUSt) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). Correlation analysis and logistic regression modeling were conducted to evaluate the relationship of PAHs levels with air pollutants and microbial diversity. Correlation analysis found that the concentrations of atmospheric PAHs were significantly positively correlated with those of PM10, NO2, and SO2. There also was a positive correlation between the abundance of the genus Micrococcus (Actinobacteria) and high molecular weight PAHs, and Bacillus, such as genera and low molecular weight PAHs in the atmosphere. Logistic regression showed that the level of urinary 1-OHPyrene was associated with childhood asthma after sex and age adjustment. The level of urinary 1-OHPyrene was significantly positively correlated with that of PM2.5 and PM10. In addition, the level of 1-OHPyrene was positively correlated with oral Prevotella-7 abundance. Functional enrichment analysis demonstrated that PAHs exposure may disturb signaling pathways by the imbalance of commensal microbiota, such as purine metabolism, pyrimidine metabolites, lipid metabolism, and one carbon pool by folate, which may contribute to public health issues. Our results confirmed that atmospheric PAHs and urinary 1-OHPyrene were correlated with part of six common air pollutants and indicated that PAHs pollution may alter both environmental and commensal microbiota communities associated with health-related problems. The potential health and environmental impacts of PAHs should be further explored.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Bacillus/efeitos dos fármacos , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Microbiota/efeitos dos fármacos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Actinobacteria/genética , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Atmosfera , Bacillus/genética , Bacillus/isolamento & purificação , Biodiversidade , Criança , China , Feminino , Humanos , Microbiota/genética , Filogenia , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/toxicidade , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(9): 4986-4992, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762805

RESUMO

A novel strain, designated NS18T, was isolated from sediment sampled at Taihu Lake, PR China. Cells of the isolate were spherical, aerobic, non-motile, Gram-stain-positive and non-endospore-forming. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain NS18T clustered in a clade of the genus Agrococcus. Its closest phylogenetic neighbour was Agrococcus lahaulensis DSM 17612T with 98.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. The complete genome of NS18T was 2 736 037 bp and its genomic DNA G+C content was 72.8 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain NS18T and A. lahaulensis DSM 17612T based on their whole genomes were 85.1 and 28.7 %, respectively. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C17 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. The predominant menaquinones were MK11 and MK12. The polar lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and two unidentified lipids. The components of the peptidoglycan were Ala, Gly, Asp, Thr and DAB. The whole-cell sugars contained rhamnose, ribose, xylose and glucose. According to the results of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses, strain NS18T (=NBRC 113859T=MCCC 1K03759T) represents a novel species, for which the name Agrococcus sediminis sp. nov is proposed.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(9): 5026-5031, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32790600

RESUMO

A novel actinomycete, designated WYY166T, was isolated from the rhizosphere of Suaeda australis Moq. collected in Dongfang, PR China. The taxonomic position of this strain was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Phylogenetic analysis based on its 16S rRNA gene referred strain WYY166T to the genus Nonomuraea, and it was most closely related to the type strains Nonomuraea candida HMC10T, Nonomuraea turkmeniaca DSM 43926T, Nonomuraea maritima NBRC 106687T and Nonomuraea polychroma DSM 43925T (98.35, 97.60, 97.36 and 97.30% sequence similarity, respectively). Genome sequencing revealed a genome size of 11.27 Mbp and a G+C content of 71.10 mol%. The genome average nucleotide identity (ANI) values and the digital DNA - DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strain WYY166T and the other species of the genus were found to be low (ANI 81.63~85.23 %, dDDH 23.6~31.6 %), suggesting that it represented a new species. The physiological evaluation showed that it had remarkable nitrate reduction activity. The whole-cell hydrolysates contained meso-diaminopimelic acid and madurose. The N-acyl type of muramic acid was acetyl. The major menaquinones were MK-9 (H4) (86.9 %) and MK-9 (H2) (13.1 %). The predominant fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0 (53.2 %), 10-methyl C17 : 0 (10.7 %), C17 : 1 ω6c (8.3 %) and iso-C16 : 1 h (7.3 %). These physiological, biochemical and chemotaxonomic data suggested that strain WYY166T should be classified as representing a novel species of the genus Nonomuraea, for which the name Nonomuraea nitratireducens sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is WYY166T (=MCCC 1K03779T=KCTC 49343T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Chenopodiaceae/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(9): 5106-5114, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32804604

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterial strain, designated 15TR583T, was isolated from a waterlogged acidic soil collected near the town of Trebon, Czech Republic, and was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic characterization. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene and whole-genome sequences revealed that the organism forms an individual line of descent related to the order Streptosporangiales, class Actinomycetia. The strain shared highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, yet of only 92.8%, with Actinocorallia aurea IFO 14752T. The strain grew in white colonies of aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, unbranching substrate mycelium bearing single spores at hyphae tips. The major fatty acids (>10%) were iso-C16 : 0, C16 : 0, iso-C17 : 1ω9 and 10-methyl-C17 : 0. The fatty acid pattern differed from all patterns currently described for actinobacterial genera. The organism contained as major menaquinones MK9(H6) and MK9(H8), which differentiated it from other actinobacterial families. Polar lipids were composed of six unidentified glycolipids, an unidentified phosphoglycolipid, two unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified aminolipids. Whole-cell sugars contained galactose, xylose and arabinose as major components. The peptidoglycan type was A1γ meso-diaminopimelic acid. The genomic DNA G+C content was 69.7 mol%. The distinct phylogenetic position and unusual combination of chemotaxonomic characteristics justify the proposal of Trebonia gen. nov., with the type species Trebonia kvetii sp. nov. (type strain 15TR583T=CCM 8942T=DSM 109105T), within Treboniaceae fam. nov.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , República Tcheca , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5271-5279, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833615

RESUMO

A psychrotolerant actinobacterium, designated strain J5903T, was isolated from an alkaline soil sample from the rhizosphere of Suaeda salsa collected in desertification land surrounding Jiuliancheng Nur in Hebei Province, PR China. Cells of the isolate were Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, non-motile and non-spore-forming cocci. Strain J5903T grew optimally at 20‒25 °C, at pH 7.0‒7.5 and with <1 % (w/v) NaCl. The cell-wall peptidoglycan type was B2γ with d-2,4-diaminobutyric acid and l-2,4-diaminobutyric acid as diagnostic amino acids. The muramyl residue was acetyl type. The menaquinones were MK-11, MK-12, MK-10 and MK-13. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and one unidentified glycolipid. The major whole-cell fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The genomic DNA G+C content was 69.1 mol%. It shared the highest average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values with Planctomonas deserti 13S1-3T. Phylogenies based on genome sequence showed that strain J5903T and P. deserti 13S1-3T formed a robust cluster with high bootstrap support. Strain J5903T shared typical chemotaxonomic characteristics with P. deserti 13S1-3T. Combining the polyphasic taxonomic evidence, strain J5903T represents a novel species of the genus Planctomonas, for which the name Planctomonas psychrotolerans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is J5903T (=DSM 101894T=CGMCC 1.15523T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Chenopodiaceae/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5296-5303, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32853131

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterium, designated strain NN258T, was isolated from a cave soil sample collected from a karst cave at Khao No-Khao Kaeo, Nakhon Sawan province, Thailand. The morphological, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic characteristics were consistent with its classification in the genus Nonomuraea. Strain NN258T showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values to Nonomuraea candida HMC10T, Nonomuraea mesophila 6K102T, Nonomuraea rubra DSM 43768T, Nonomuraea diastatica KC712T and Nonomuraea helvata IFO 14681T. The strain formed an extensively branched substrate and aerial mycelia. The whole-cell hydrolysates contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid, with glucose, madurose, mannose and ribose as the whole-cell sugars. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphotidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, hydroxy-phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, hydroxy-phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside, two unidentified phospholipids, three unidentified sugar-containing phosphoaminolipids, an unidentified glycolipid and two unidentified lipids. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H4), with minor amounts of MK-9(H0), MK-9(H2) and MK-9(H6). Major cellular fatty acids (>10%) were iso-C16 : 0 and 10-methyl-C17 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 71.0 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain NN258T and the reference strains were 79.9-80.9 % and 26.1-27.0 %, respectively. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic data, strain NN258T represents a novel species of the genus Nonomuraea, for which the name Nonomuraea antri sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NN258T (=TBRC 11478T=NBRC 114269T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Cavernas/microbiologia , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tailândia , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(9): 5032-5039, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32790601

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive actinobacterial strain, designated ANK073T, was isolated from rhizosphere soil sampled at a spinach farming field in Shinan, Republic of Korea. Cells of strain ANK073T were found to be aerobic, non-motile, non-spore-forming rods which could grow at 20-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 6.0-10.0 (optimum, pH 6.5-7.5) and at salinities of 0-4 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 % NaCl). The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain ANK073T belongs to the genus Agromyces with high sequence similarities to Agromyces humatus CD5T (98.8 %), Agromyces tardus SJ-23T (98.5 %) and Agromyces iriomotensis IY07-20T (98.4 %). The phylogenetic analysis indicated that strain ANK073T formed a distinct phyletic line in the genus Agromyces and the results of DNA-DNA relatedness and phylogenomic analysis based on whole genome sequences demonstrated that strain ANK073T could be separated from its closest relatives in the genus Agromyces. The strain contained 2,4-diaminobutylic acid, glycine, d-glutamic acid and d-alanine in the peptidoglycan. The predominant menaquinones were identified as MK-12 and MK-11, and the major fatty acids were anteiso-C17 : 0, anteiso-C15 :  0 and iso-C15:0. The major polar lipids were identified as diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. The G+C content of the genome was determined to be 70.2 mol%. On the basis of its phenotypic and chemotaxonomic properties and the results of phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses, strain ANK073T is considered to represent a novel species in the genus Agromyces, for which the name Agromyces humi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is ANK073T (=KACC 18683T=NBRC 111825T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Fazendas , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Rizosfera , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Spinacia oleracea , Vitamina K 2/química
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(9): 5115-5122, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32809927

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, non-spore-forming, irregular short rod-shaped actinobacterial strain, designated YIM 102482-1T, was isolated from the faeces of Macaca mulatta. Strain YIM 102482-1T grew optimally at 30-37 °C, at pH 8.0 and in the presence of 1.0-3.0% (w/v) NaCl. Similarly, analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain YIM 102482-1T was a member of the genus Gulosibacter and most closely related to Gulosibacter feacalis NBRC 15706T (97.6 %), Gulosibacter bifidus NBRC 103089T (97.6 %), Gulosibacter chungangensis KCTC 13959T (96.4 %) and Gulosibacter molinativorax DSM 13485T (96.0 %), respectively. Furthermore, phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and genomic sequences demonstrated that strain YIM 102482-1T formed a distinct branch with all type strains of the genus Gulosibacter. The major whole-cell sugars and cellular fatty acids (>10.0 %) were ribose and rhamnose, and anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and C16 : 0, respectively. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9, and 2,4-diaminobutyric acid and ornithine were the diagnostic diamino acids in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. The dominant polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and unidentified glycolipid. The DNA G+C content of YIM 102482-1T was 63.0 mol%. Based on analysis results of physiological, biochemical and chemotaxonomic data, strain YIM 102482-1T represents a novel species of the genus Gulosibacter, for which the name Gulosibacter macacae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM 102482-1T(=DSM 102156T=CCTCC AB 2016023T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Macaca mulatta/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fezes/microbiologia , Glicolipídeos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5255-5262, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32845828

RESUMO

The taxonomic positions of two novel aerobic, Gram-positive actinobacteria, designated strains RB29T and RB68T, were determined using a polyphasic approach. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the closest phylogenetic neighbours of RB29T were identified as Actinomadura rayongensis DSM 102126T (99.2 % similarity) and Actinomadura atramentaria DSM 43919T (98.7 %), and for strain RB68T was Actinomadura hibisca DSM 44148T (98.3 %). Digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) between RB29T and its closest phylogenetic neighbours, A. rayongensis DSM 102126T and A. atramentaria DSM 43919T, resulted in similarity values of 53.2 % (50.6-55.9 %) and 26.4 % (24.1-28.9 %), respectively. Additionally, the average nucleotide identity (ANI) was 93.2 % (94.0 %) for A. rayongensis DSM 102126T and 82.3 % (78.9 %) for A. atramentaria DSM 43919T. dDDH analysis between strain RB68T and A. hibisca DSM 44148T gave a similarity value of 24.5 % (22.2-27.0 %). Both strains, RB29T and RB68T, revealed morphological characteristics and chemotaxonomic features typical for the genus Actinomadura, such as the presence of meso-diaminopimelic acid in the cell wall, galactose and glucose as major sugar components within whole-cell hydrolysates and the absence of mycolic acids. The major phospholipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannoside. Predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8) for RB29T and MK-9(H4) and MK-9(H6) for RB68T. The main fatty acids were identified as 10-methyloctadecanoic acid (10-methyl C18:0), 14-methylpentadecanoic acid (iso-C16:0), hexadecanoic acid (C16:0) and cis-9-octadecanoic acid (C18 : 1 ω9c). Here, we propose two novel species of the genus Actinomadura: Actinomadura rubteroloni sp. nov. with the type strain RB29T (=CCUG 72668T=NRRL B-65537T) and Actinomadura macrotermitis sp. nov. with the type strain RB68T (=CCUG 72669T=NRRL B-65538T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Isópteros/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , África do Sul , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4358-4363, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618556

RESUMO

A novel Gram-positive, aerobic and motile endophytic actinomycete, designated TRM 65233T, was isolated from the root of Peganum harmala L. collected from Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China. The isolate had white aerial mycelium and brown substrate mycelium on Gause's synthetic agar. Growth occurred at 10-40 °C, pH 6-9 with NaCl concentration of 0-6 % (w/v). Strain TRM 65233T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. The whole-cell hydrolysates included glucose and galactose as the major whole-cell sugars. The menaquinones were MK-9 (H4) and MK-7. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The polar lipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phospholipids, phosphatidylinositol and one unidentified lipid. Strain TRM 65233T showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Actinokineospora cianjurensis BTCC B-558T (98.13 %), Actinokineospora auranticolor IFO 16518T (98.06 %), Actinokineospora spheciospongiae EG49T (97.99 %), Actinokineospora baliensis ID03-0561T (97.97 %), Actinokineospora mzabensis PAL84T (97.95 %) and Actinokineospora bangkokensis 44EHWT (97.06 %). The isolate was distinguished from these phylogenetically related strains by digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity analyses and by a range of physiological and biochemical characteristics. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 72.6 mol%. On the basis of polyphasic taxonomic data, strain TRM 65233T represents a novel species of the genus Actinokineospora, for which the name Actinokineospora pegani sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TRM 65233T (KCTC 49342=CCTCC AA 2019050).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Peganum/microbiologia , Filogenia , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4683-4690, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692642

RESUMO

Four novel strains (592T, S592, MF47T and SMF47) were isolated from Tibetan antelopes (Pantholops hodgsonii) and plateau pikas (Ochotona curzoniae), respectively. The cells were aerobic, non-motile, Gram-stain- and catalase-positive, rod-shaped bacteria. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of the four strains showed highest similarities to Aeromicrobium fastidiosum DSM 10552T (98.1, 98.6, 98.7 and 98.7 %, respectively), and the phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene and genomic sequences indicated that strains 592T and MF47T represent two novel species. The four isolates produced acid from l-rhamnose, d-xylose and cellobiose, but were unable to reduce nitrate. The DNA G+C contents of strains 592T and MF47T were 70.3 and 69.8 mol%, respectively. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization value between strains 592T and MF47T was 32.6 %, lower than the threshold of 70 %, indicating they belong to different species. The four strains' genomes displayed less than 24.6 % DNA-DNA relatedness with all available genomes of the genus Aeromicrobium in the NCBI database, including Aeromicrobium fastidiosum NBRC 14897T and Aeromicrobium ginsengisoli JCM 14732T. The major fatty acids of the four strains were C18 : 1 ω9c and C18 : 0 10-methyl, and the main polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol. The predominant respiratory quinones were MK-9(H4) and MK-8(H4). The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained ll-diaminopimelic acid. Based on these genotypic, phenotypic and biochemical analyses, it is proposed that the four unidentified bacteria be classified as two novel species, Aeromicrobium chenweiae sp. nov. and Aeromicrobium yanjiei sp. nov. The type strains are 592T (=CGMCC1.16526T=DSM 106289T) and MF47T (=CGMCC 1.17444T=JCM 33790T), respectively.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Antílopes/microbiologia , Lagomorpha/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fezes/microbiologia , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tibet , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4782-4790, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701429

RESUMO

The filamentous actinomycete that produces the antibiotic GE23077 was isolated by the Lepetit Research Group from a soil sample collected in Thailand, and it was classified as a member of the genus Actinomadura on the basis of its morphology and cell-wall composition. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that this strain formed a distinct monophyletic line within the genus Actinomadura, and it was most closely related to Actinomadura bangladeshensis DSM 45347T (99.31 % similarity) and Actinomadura mexicana DSM 44485T (98.94 %). The GE23077-producing strain formed an extensively branched, non-fragmented vegetative mycelium; no pseudosporangia were formed and the arthrospores were organized in slightly twisted chains. The cell wall contained meso-2,6-diaminopimelic acid and the diagnostic sugar was madurose. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H6), with minor amounts of MK-9(H8) and MK-9(H4). The diagnostic phospholipids were phosphatidylinositol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The major cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0 and tuberculostearic acid (10-methyloctadecanoic acid), followed by minor amounts of C18:1ω9c, C16:1ω7c and 10-methylheptadecanoic acid. The genomic DNA G+C content was 71.77 mol%. Significant differences in the morphological, chemotaxonomic and biochemical data, and the low DNA-DNA relatedness between the GE23077-producing strain and closely related type strains clearly demonstrate that it represents a novel species of the genus Actinomadura, for which the name Actinomadura lepetitiana sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NRRL B-65521T(=LMG 31258T=DSM 109019T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tailândia , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
16.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236165, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32697804

RESUMO

In order to define the diversity and composition of the microbial communities colonizing of the soil microbiome of the Jinsha earthen relic, we used high-throughput sequencing technology to identify and characterize the microbiota in 22 samples collected from the Jinsha earthen relic in China during 2017 and 2018. We compared the taxonomy of the microbial communities from samples taken at different times and different sites. Our results showed that the identity of the dominant bacterial phyla differed among the samples. Proteobacteria (23-86.2%) were the predominant bacterial phylum in all samples taken from site A in both 2017 and 2018. However, Actinobacteria (21-92.3%) were the most popular bacterial phylum in samples from sites B and C in 2017 and 2018. Ascomycota were identified as the only fungal phyla in samples in 2017. However, the group varied drastically in relative abundance between 2017 and 2018. Functional analysis of the soil bacterial community suggested that abundant members of the microbiota may be associated with metabolism and the specific environment. This report was the first high-throughput sequencing study of the soil of the Jinsha earthen relic microbiome. Since soil microbiota can damage soil and archeological structures, comprehensive analyses of the microbiomes at archeological sites may contribute to the understand of the influence of microorganisms on the degradation of soil, as well as to the identification of potentially beneficial or undesirable members of these microbial communities in archeological sites. The study will be helpful to provide effective data and guidance for the prevention and control of microbial corrosion of the Jinsha earthen relic.


Assuntos
Arqueologia , Microbiota/genética , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/genética , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Ascomicetos/genética , Ascomicetos/isolamento & purificação , China , DNA Bacteriano/isolamento & purificação , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Proteobactérias/genética , Proteobactérias/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4661-4667, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687463

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-positive bacterium, designated CFH 91151T, was isolated from sediment collected from a saline lake in Yuncheng, Shanxi Province, PR China. Cells of strain CFH 91151T were rod-or v-shaped, aerobic, non-motile, non-spore-forming and halotolerant. Results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain CFH 91151T was closely related to Isoptericola variabilis MX5T and Isoptericola nanjingensis H17T (98.7 and 98.4% sequence similarity, respectively). The strain grew at 4-45 °C, pH 5.0-9.0 and with 0-14.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Cells were positive for catalase, nitrate was not used and H2S was not produced. Major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 (62.76 %), anteiso-C17 : 0 (12.09 %) and iso-C15 : 0 (9.46 %). The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, two unidentified phospholipids and three unidentified glycolipids. The menaquinone was MK-9 (H4). The genome size was 4.10 Mbp with a G+C content of 72.4 mol%. The average amino acid identity (ANI) and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) values between CFH 91151T and the other species of the genus Isoptericola were found to be low (ANIm <87.19 %, ANIb <84.38 % and DDH <29.30 %). Based on physiological properties, chemotaxonomic characteristics and low ANI and DDH results, strain CFH 91151T is considered to represent a novel species, for which the name Isoptericola halalbus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CFH 91151T (=DSM 105976T=KCTC 49061T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Águas Salinas , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados
18.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(10): 2697-2709, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32725600

RESUMO

The study focuses on analysis of the compositional and diversity of bacteria in termite mound soils in comparison with the surrounding soils to verify the assertion that the high nutrient concentrations in termite mound soils influence a complex diversity of microorganisms. Here, whole DNA was extracted from soil samples collected from termite mounds and their surrounding soils which were 10 m apart and subsequently, sequenced using shotgun metagenomic approach. Our findings showed that both environments have several soil bacterial phyla in common. However, Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria significantly dominated the termite mound soils and the surrounding soils, respectively, with Tenericutes peculiar to only the termite mound soils. Furthermore, Bergeyella, Gloeothece, Thalassospira, and Glaciecola genera were exclusively identified in the termite mound soil samples. Diversity analysis showed that bacterial composition was different among the four sites (phyla level). This study also revealed a lot of unclassified groups of bacteria and this could point to the presence of potentially novel species. The differences observed in the bacterial structure and diversity from this study may be ascribed to variances in the physicochemical nature existing between the two environments. Mapping out schemes to culture these unclassified groups of bacteria discovered from this study would possibly set the platform for the discovery of novel bacteria for biotechnological applications.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Isópteros/microbiologia , Proteobactérias/isolamento & purificação , Tenericutes/isolamento & purificação , Actinobacteria/classificação , Actinobacteria/genética , Animais , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Metagenoma/genética , Nutrientes , Proteobactérias/classificação , Proteobactérias/genética , Solo/química , Microbiologia do Solo , Tenericutes/classificação , Tenericutes/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3852-3858, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501198

RESUMO

A novel marine actinobacterium, strain SCSIO 58843T, was isolated from the sediment sample collected from the South China Sea. Strain SCSIO 58843T was Gram-stain-positive, aerobic and rod shaped. The whole-cell hydrolysis of amino acids contained dd-DAP, alanine, glutamic acid, glycine and aspartic acid. The main menaquinone was MK-9(H8). The major fatty acids were C17 : 1 ω8c and C17 : 0. The major phospholipids were diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylinositol (PI), phospatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylinositolmannoside (PIM). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 72.5 %. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain SCSIO 58843T formed a new lineage in the family Iamiaceae and had the highest similarity of 93.8 % with Iamia majanohamensis DSM 19957T. Strain SCSIO 58843T can be distinguished from these known genera in the family Iamiaceae by polyphasic data analyses, and represents a novel genus and novel species, for which Actinomarinicola tropica gen. nov., sp. nov is proposed with the type strain SCSIO 58843T(=KCTC 49408T=CGMCC 1.17503T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4179-4185, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32558636

RESUMO

A novel moderately halophilic, filamentous actinobacterium, designated as XMNu-373T, was isolated from a saline-alkaline soil sample collected from the Mongolia Plateau, Dongwu County, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, PR China. The isolate grew optimally at 28‒37 °C, pH 7.0‒8.0 and with 2-5 % (w/v) NaCl. The substrate mycelia fragmented into rod-like elements, and the white aerial mycelia formed spore chains at maturity. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H4). The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified phosphoglycolipids, an unidentified aminophospholipid, two phosphatidylinositol mannosides, four unidentified phospholipids, phosphatidylglycerol and two unidentified lipids. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. The genomic DNA G+C content was 66.2 mol%. It shared high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to Phytoactinopolyspora halotolerans YIM 96448T (96.1 %) and Phytoactinopolyspora endophytica EGI 60009T (96.0 %). Phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain XMNu-373T resided in the clade of family Jiangellaceae, and it formed a monophyletic branch distinct from four other recognized type species in the subclade of the genus Phytoactinopolyspora. On the basis of polyphasic taxonomic evidence, strain XMNu-373T represents a novel species of the genus Phytoactinopolyspora, for which the name Phytoactinopolyspora mesophila sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is XMNu-373T (=JCM 33740T=CGMCC 4.7654T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Álcalis , Filogenia , Salinidade , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Solo/química , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
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