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1.
World J Gastroenterol ; 28(34): 5058-5075, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36160646

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A gap remains in documenting the impact of anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy on disease burden in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients treated in a real-world setting. The use of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) has been discussed as a primary endpoint in the context of the FDA PRO Guidance, for labelling purposes. Specifically, the efficacy and safety of adalimumab have been demonstrated in pivotal trials; however, data are needed to understand how clinical results translate into improvements in key aspects of the daily lives of UC patients, such as symptoms, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and disability. AIM: To assess real-world effectiveness of adalimumab on PRO measures in patients with moderate-to-severe UC. METHODS: UCanADA was a single arm, prospective, 1-year multicenter Canadian post-marketing observational study in which multiple PRO questionnaires were completed-with psychologic distress/depression symptoms as the primary endpoint-by patients with moderate-to-severe UC. Assessments were performed during patients' routine care visit schedule, which was at the initiation of adalimumab (baseline), after induction (approximately 8 wk), and 52 wk after baseline. Additional optional assessments between weeks 8 and 52 were collected at least once but no more than two times during this period. Serious safety events and per-protocol adverse events were collected. RESULTS: From 23 Canadian centres, 100 patients were enrolled and 48 completed the study. Measured with the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 items at week 52, 61.5% (40/65) [95% confidence interval (CI): 49.7%-73.4%] of the patients improved in psychologic distress/depression symptoms, which was slightly higher in completers [65.9% (29/44); 95%CI: 51.9%-79.9%)]. At week 52, clinical response and clinical remission were achieved respectively by 65.7% (44/73) and 47.8% (32/73) of the patients. The odds of improving depressive symptoms for those achieving a clinical remission at week 52 was 7.94 higher compared with those not achieving a clinical remission (CI: 1.42, 44.41; P = 0.018). Significant changes from baseline to weeks 8 and 52 were observed in disability, HRQoL, and fatigue. Meaningful improvement was reported in work impairment. CONCLUSION: At week 52, over 60% of the UCanADA patients had depressive symptoms significantly reduced, as well as HRQoL, fatigue symptoms, and work impairment improved. No new safety signals were detected.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Canadá , Colite Ulcerativa/diagnóstico , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colite Ulcerativa/patologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Fadiga , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Indução de Remissão , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
World J Gastroenterol ; 28(33): 4823-4833, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36156919

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biologic therapy resulted in a significant positive impact on the management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) however data on the efficacy and side effects of these therapies in the elderly is scant. AIM: To evaluate retrospectively the drug sustainability, effectiveness, and safety of the biologic therapies in the elderly IBD population. METHODS: Consecutive elderly (≥ 60 years old) IBD patients, treated with biologics [infliximab (IFX), adalimumab (ADAL), vedolizumab (VDZ), ustekinumab (UST)] followed at the McGill University Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Center were included between January 2000 and 2020. Efficacy was measured by clinical scores at 3, 6-9 and 12-18 mo after initiation of the biologic therapy. Patients completing induction therapy were included. Adverse events (AEs) or serious AE were collected during and within three months of stopping of the biologic therapy. RESULTS: We identified a total of 147 elderly patients with IBD treated with biologicals during the study period, including 109 with Crohn's disease and 38 with ulcerative colitis. Patients received the following biologicals: IFX (28.5%), ADAL (38.7%), VDZ (15.6%), UST (17%). The mean duration of biologic treatment was 157.5 (SD = 148) wk. Parallel steroid therapy was given in 34% at baseline, 19% at 3 mo, 16.3% at 6-9 mo and 6.5% at 12-18 mo. The remission rates at 3, 6-9 and 12-18 mo were not significantly different among biological therapies. Kaplan-Meyer analysis did not show statistical difference for drug sustainability (P = 0.195), time to adverse event (P = 0.158) or infection rates (P = 0.973) between the four biologics studied. The most common AEs that led to drug discontinuation were loss of response, infusion/injection reaction and infection. CONCLUSION: Current biologics were not different regarding drug sustainability, effectiveness, and safety in the elderly IBD population. Therefore, we are not able to suggest a preferred sequencing order among biologicals.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Infliximab/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Ustekinumab/uso terapêutico
3.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 34(10): 1015-1020, 2022 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36062494

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Therapeutic options for Crohn's disease are growing, making the choice of first-line therapy relevant. Both adalimumab and ustekinumab are effective in moderate-to-severe Crohn's disease. The Safety and Efficacy of Adalimumab Versus Ustekinumab for One Year trial suggested no difference in clinical or endoscopic remission at week 52 in biological-naive Crohn's disease patients. We explored if results withstand in the real world. METHODS: We included bio-naive Crohn's disease patients starting adalimumab or ustekinumab between 2017 and 2020. Patients had endoscopy-proven moderate-to-severe disease [Simple Endoscopic Score for Crohn's disease (SES-CD) ≥3]. Clinical remission was defined as Harvey Bradshaw Index (HBI) <5 or physician global assessment. Endoscopic remission (SES-CD <3) and improvement (≥50% reduction in SES-CD from baseline) were assessed at W26-52. Propensity score matching was used. RESULTS: A total of 68 biological-naive Crohn's disease patients were included (32 adalimumab and 32 ustekinumab) and followed for median of (IQR) 60 (33-104) weeks. Patients had significantly higher odds of achieving endoscopic remission with adalimumab than ustekinumab [adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 2.73; confidence interval (CI), 1.12-7.36; P = 0.03]. Also, more adalimumab-treated patients achieved endoscopic response, clinical remission at week 26 and 52 (aOR, 2.24; CI, 0.94-5.71; P = 0.07; aOR, 1.26; CI, 0.36-4.51; P = 0.72; aOR, 1.58; CI, 0.54-4.88; P = 0.41, respectively). Treatment persistence was not different between groups (P = 0.44). The number of adverse events was similar. CONCLUSION: In a real-world cohort of biological-naive Crohn's disease patients, adalimumab was superior to ustekinumab in achieving endoscopic remission. No differences in clinical remission at W26-52 or treatment persistence were observed. Both adalimumab and ustekinumab remain good options as first-line biologicals in moderate-to-severe Crohn's disease.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn , Ustekinumab , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Indução de Remissão , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Resultado do Tratamento , Ustekinumab/efeitos adversos
4.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 34(10): 1000-1006, 2022 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of biologic therapy in the treatment of steroid-refractory microscopic colitis (MC). METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central to identify articles and abstracts reporting efficacy or safety data on biologic use (infliximab, adalimumab, certolizumab, golimumab, vedolizumab, ustekinumab, and tofacitinib) for induction and maintenance of remission in MC. We assessed clinical remission and response rates and all reported adverse events (AEs). RESULTS: A total of 376 studies were screened yielding 13 articles (including four abstracts) with a combined information on 78 patients for efficacy and safety outcomes. Most studies were case series. Vedolizumab was used in five studies, adalimumab in three, and a combination of infliximab and adalimumab in five studies. The rates of remission were 66.08% (95% CI, 36.79-95.37%; I2 , 71%) at weeks 3-6 and 54.20% (95% CI, 39.39-69.01%; I2 , 0%) at weeks 12-16. Clinical response rates were 100% (95% CI, 88.04-100%; I2 , 0%) at weeks 3-6 and 67.20% (95% CI, 47.72-86.69%; I2 , 52%) at weeks 12-16. Most frequent AE was medication discontinuation with a pooled incidence of 16.1% (95% CI, 5.9-37.5%). No deaths attributable to biologic use were reported. The overall quality of evidence was very low due to the high risk of biases. CONCLUSION: Low-quality evidence supports the short-term efficacy of biologics in budesonide refractory MC. While our findings represent the most comprehensive evaluation of biologic therapy in severe MC, further research including randomized clinical trials is needed to better define the role of specific agents and long-term therapy.


Assuntos
Colite Microscópica , Ustekinumab , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Terapia Biológica/efeitos adversos , Colite Microscópica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Infliximab/efeitos adversos
5.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 61(9): 1031-1036, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36008296

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the effectiveness and safety of adalimumab in Crohn's disease (CD) patients. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 41 CD patients who received adalimumab in Zhongda Hospital Southeast University from January 2020 to August 2021. General clinical data, laboratory results, endoscopy and radiologic findings were collected, meanwhile, disease activity and safety events were evaluated at baseline and at 12, 24 and 48 weeks of administration. Adalimumab was given subcutaneously once every 2 weeks in doses of 160 mg for the first time, 80 mg for the second time, and 40 mg for each subsequent time. Results: The clinical remission rates at 12, 24, and 48 weeks of treatment were 43.9% (18/41), 60.6% (20/33), 60.9% (14/23), and the clinical response rates were 75.6% (31/41), 69.7% (23/33), and 56.5%( 13/23), respectively. The proportion of endoscopic remission at 12, 24 and 48 weeks were 4/14, 2/6, 1/4 in patients undergoing endoscopy, and 1/14 patients achieved mucosal healing at 24 weeks. Primary nonresponse rate (PNR) was 17.1% (7/41), loss of response (LOR) rate was 14.6% (6/41). The incidence of adverse reactions was 9.8%(4/41). Conclusion: Adalimumab can effectively relieve the clinical symptoms and intestinal disease activities of Crohn's disease, and deserves to be popularized clinically. Patients with disease course <2 years, first-line biologics, low baseline HBI score, and longer duration of medication may have better results.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Am J Clin Dermatol ; 23(5): 719-728, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35934770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: BI 695501 is an FDA-approved biosimilar to adalimumab reference product (RP). VOLTAIRE-X was a randomized clinical trial to assess outcomes with a biosimilar monoclonal antibody in line with the FDA requirements for designation as an 'interchangeable' biosimilar. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess whether multiple switches between adalimumab RP and BI 695501 lead to equivalent pharmacokinetics and a similar safety and immunogenicity profile compared with continuous adalimumab RP. METHODS: We conducted a phase III, double-blind, randomized controlled trial between July 19, 2017, and April 16, 2019. There were 49 investigational sites across Europe and North America. Of 323 screened patients with moderate-to-severe chronic plaque psoriasis, 259 were treated with adalimumab RP during the run-in period. Of these, 118 and 120 were randomized to the continuous or switching arms, respectively. Interventions consisted of a run-in period with adalimumab RP 80 mg subcutaneously (SC) on Day 1, then 40 mg SC every other week (EOW) Weeks 2-12. Patients were then randomized to receive adalimumab RP 40 mg EOW Weeks 14-48 (continuous arm) or BI 695501 40 mg Weeks 14 and 16, adalimumab RP 40 mg Weeks 18 and 20, and BI 695501 40 mg EOW Weeks 22 to 48 (switching arm); all interventions were given SC. Primary endpoints were pharmacokinetics parameters, area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUCτ,30-32) and maximum observed drug plasma concentration (Cmax,30-32), measured after the third switch during the Week 30-32 dosing interval. RESULTS: 238 patients (mean [standard deviation] age 44.9 [13.8]; 66.0% male) were treated in the switching (n = 118) or continuous arms (n = 120). Adjusted mean Cmax,30-32 was 7.08 and 7.00 µg/mL in the switching and continuous treatment arms, respectively; adjusted mean AUCτ,30-32 was 2025.8 and 1925.9 µg h/mL. Point estimate for mean ratio for AUCτ,30-32 was 105.2% (90.2% confidence interval [CI] 96.6-114.6), and 101.1% (90.2% CI 93.3-109.7) for Cmax,30-32. Both CIs were within a predefined bioequivalence range of 80.0-125.0%. Treatment-emergent adverse events led to discontinuation in 0.8% and 1.7% of patients in the switching and continuous treatment arms, and Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) scores were highly similar in the two arms across the entire trial period. CONCLUSIONS: Pharmacokinetic equivalence was demonstrated, with highly similar efficacy and immunogenicity, and comparable safety observed in patients with chronic plaque psoriasis who received either adalimumab RP continuously or who switched between adalimumab RP and BI 695501. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03210259 (registered July 2017); Eudract.ema.europa.eu: 2016-002254-20.


Assuntos
Medicamentos Biossimilares , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Psoríase , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psoríase/diagnóstico , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Equivalência Terapêutica , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0271299, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35939424

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The adalimumab biosimilars FKB327 and GP2017 were approved for the therapy of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Relatively few prospective studies with biosimilar adalimumab in patients with IBD have been published. The aim of this prospective observational study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the biosimilar adalimumab. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Adalimumab biosimilars FKB327 (Hulio®) and GP2017 (Hyrimoz®) were indicated to 50 naive patients in terms of biological therapy with Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC). Effectiveness of therapy was evaluated via the Crohn's Disease Activity Index [CDAI] or the Mayo Scoring System [MSS] in patients with CD or UC, respectively, before and after 12 weeks. Additional goals were to evaluate weight changes, laboratory tests and complications or adverse events of this therapy. RESULTS: In CD patients, remission (CDAI <150) was achieved in 73.5% of cases, partial response (≥70-point decrease in CDAI score from baseline) in 11.8%, no response in 11.8% and 2.9% patients discontinued therapy. In UC patients, remission (total score on partial Mayo index ≤2 points) was achieved only in 18.8% of cases, partial response (≥2-point decrease in partial Mayo score from baseline) in 43.8%, no response in 25.0% and 12.5% patients discontinued therapy. There were statistically significant improvements in CDAI, MSS, haemoglobin, fecal calprotectin, albumin and CRP serum levels after 12 weeks of therapy. Seven adverse events were identified, three of which resulted in therapy being discontinued. CONCLUSIONS: This prospective observational study proved the effectiveness of the adalimumab biosimilars FKB327 and GP2017 in IBD.


Assuntos
Medicamentos Biossimilares , Colite Ulcerativa , Doença de Crohn , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Front Immunol ; 13: 942642, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35990692

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a joint-disabling inflammatory disease associated with the pathology of synovitis. Some patients with RA are difficult to treat, using disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Biology and targeted synthetic DMARDs (b/tsDMARDs) are options for patients with RA. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is an infectious disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Adalimumab is an anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy commonly used in patients with RA. However, there are no reports or related data on patients with RA-HIV/AIDS treated with adalimumab are available. In this report, we described the first successful case of a 60-year-old HIV-positive woman with difficult-to-treat RA treated with ADA after being screened for hepatitis virus, latent tuberculosis (LTBI), and other infections. She contracted HIV from sexual exposure while on adalimumab therapy. As the patient was resistant to first-line DMARDs, she continued adalimumab along with the initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The patient was treated with adalimumab therapy for a year; her CD4+ lymphocyte count was normal, HIV-1 RNA decreased, and no new infections were triggered. The patient achieved clinical remission of RA. In conclusion, adalimumab is a safe option for patients with RA-HIV and may slow the progression of HIV infection. Furthermore, HAART has the potential to reduce joint pain and fatigue in patients with difficult-to-treat RA. Conclusions: Adalimumab is a safe option for patients with RA-HIV, and may slow down the progression of HIV infection. The HAART therapy has the potential to reduce joint pain and fatigue in patients with difficult-to-treat RA.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Antirreumáticos , Artrite Reumatoide , Infecções por HIV , Soropositividade para HIV , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/complicações , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artralgia , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Fadiga/complicações , Feminino , Seguimentos , HIV , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Soropositividade para HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
N Engl J Med ; 387(8): 715-726, 2022 08 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36001712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The cytokine interleukin-6 is involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. Olokizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody targeting the interleukin-6 cytokine directly, is being tested for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: In a 24-week, phase 3, multicenter, placebo- and active-controlled trial, we randomly assigned (in a 2:2:2:1 ratio) patients with rheumatoid arthritis and an inadequate response to methotrexate to receive subcutaneous olokizumab at a dose of 64 mg every 2 or 4 weeks, adalimumab (40 mg every 2 weeks), or placebo; all patients continued methotrexate therapy. The primary end point was an American College of Rheumatology 20 (ACR20) response (≥20% fewer tender and swollen joints and ≥20% improvement in three of five other domains) at week 12, with each olokizumab dose tested for superiority to placebo. We also tested the noninferiority of each olokizumab dose to adalimumab with respect to the percentage of patients with an ACR20 response (noninferiority margin, -12 percentage points in the lower boundary of the 97.5% confidence interval for the difference between groups). RESULTS: A total of 464 patients were assigned to receive olokizumab every 2 weeks, 479 to receive olokizumab every 4 weeks, 462 to receive adalimumab, and 243 to receive placebo. An ACR20 response at week 12 occurred in 44.4% of the patients receiving placebo, in 70.3% receiving olokizumab every 2 weeks (difference vs. placebo, 25.9 percentage points; 97.5% confidence interval [CI], 17.1 to 34.1), in 71.4% receiving olokizumab every 4 weeks (difference vs. placebo, 27.0 percentage points; 97.5% CI, 18.3 to 35.2), and in 66.9% receiving adalimumab (difference vs. placebo, 22.5 percentage points; 95% CI, 14.8 to 29.8) (P<0.001 for the superiority of each olokizumab dose to placebo). Both olokizumab doses were noninferior to adalimumab with respect to the percentage of patients with an ACR20 response at week 12 (difference, 3.4 percentage points [97.5% CI, -3.5 to 10.2] with olokizumab every 2 weeks and 4.5 percentage points [97.5% CI, -2.2 to 11.2] with olokizumab every 4 weeks). Adverse events, most commonly infections, occurred in approximately 70% of the patients who received olokizumab. Antibodies against olokizumab were detected in 3.8% of the patients receiving the drug every 2 weeks and in 5.1% of those receiving it every 4 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with rheumatoid arthritis who were receiving maintenance methotrexate, olokizumab was superior to placebo and noninferior to adalimumab in producing an ACR20 response at 12 weeks. Larger and longer trials are required to determine the efficacy and safety of olokizumab in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. (Supported by R-Pharm; CREDO2 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02760407.).


Assuntos
Adalimumab , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Antirreumáticos , Artrite Reumatoide , Metotrexato , Adalimumab/administração & dosagem , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
14.
Drug Saf ; 45(9): 951-959, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35857191

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: An association between tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitors and hypoglycemia has been detected in a few case reports and small case series; however, no relevant pharmacovigilance data have been published yet. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to detect and characterize relevant safety signals between hypoglycemia and TNF-α inhibitor use. METHODS: Indication-focused disproportionality analysis was conducted to detect increased reporting of TNF-α-associated hypoglycemia compared with all other reports with the same indication during the same time period. Reporting odds ratios (RORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to determine disproportionality. To reduce potential confounding factors, adjusted RORs were further calculated by logistic regression to control for age, sex, diabetes status, and concomitant drugs that potentially affect blood glucose levels. RESULTS: In all, 1086 adverse drug reactions related to TNF-α inhibitors were reported as 'hypoglycemia'. There were no disproportionality signals of hypoglycemia in TNF-α inhibitor users with indication of inflammatory bowel disease. When TNF-α inhibitors were considered as a class, disproportion for hypoglycemia only emerged in indication of psoriasis (n = 267, ROR 1.20, 95% CI 1.02-1.41). In further analyses of specific TNF-α inhibitor type, significant RORs for hypoglycemia were found in indication of rheumatic disease, including adalimumab in ankylosing spondylitis (n = 37, ROR 1.97, 95% CI 1.28-3.04), psoriasis (n = 160, ROR 1.64, 95% CI 1.37-1.97), and rheumatoid arthritis (n = 230, ROR 1.35, 95% CI 1.16-1.56) and infliximab in psoriasis (n = 18, ROR 2.14, 95% CI 1.33-3.42). After adjusting for confounding factors, only the signals of adalimumab were stable. CONCLUSIONS: Our study identified some potential pharmacovigilance signals between hypoglycemia and TNF-α inhibitors, which warrants further validation.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Hipoglicemia , Farmacovigilância , Psoríase , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Sistemas de Notificação de Reações Adversas a Medicamentos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hipoglicemia/induzido quimicamente , Psoríase/induzido quimicamente , Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/uso terapêutico , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/efeitos adversos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
15.
Lancet ; 399(10342): 2200-2211, 2022 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35691323

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Active-comparator trials are important to inform patient and physician choice. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of monotherapy with either ustekinumab or adalimumab in biologic-naive patients with moderately to severely active Crohn's disease. METHODS: We conducted a randomised, double-blind, parallel-group, active-comparator, phase 3b trial (SEAVUE) at 121 hospitals or private practices in 18 countries. We included biologic-naive patients aged 18 years or older with moderately to severely active Crohn's disease and a Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI) score of 220-450, who had not responded to or were intolerant to conventional therapy (or were corticosteroid dependent) and had at least one ulcer of any size at baseline endoscopic evaluation. Eligible patients were randomly assigned (1:1; via an interactive web response system) to receive ustekinumab (approximately 6 mg/kg intravenously on day 0, then 90 mg subcutaneously once every 8 weeks) or adalimumab (160 mg on day 0, 80 mg at 2 weeks, then 40 mg once every 2 weeks, subcutaneously) through week 56. Study treatments were administered as monotherapy and without dose modifications. Patients, investigators, and study site personnel were masked to treatment group assignment. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients who were in clinical remission (CDAI score <150) at week 52 in the intention-to-treat population (ie, all patients who were randomly assigned to a treatment group). This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03464136, and EudraCT, 2017-004209-41. FINDINGS: Between June 28, 2018, and Dec 12, 2019, 633 patients were assessed for eligibility and 386 were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive ustekinumab (n=191) or adalimumab (n=195). 29 (15%) of 191 patients in the ustekinumab group and 46 (24%) of 195 in the adalimumab group discontinued study treatment before week 52. There was no significant difference between the ustekinumab and adalimumab groups in the occurrence of the primary endpoint; at week 52, 124 (65%) of 191 patients in the ustekinumab group versus 119 (61%) of 195 in the adalimumab group were in clinical remission (between-group difference 4%, 95% CI -6 to 14; p=0·42). Safety for both groups was consistent with previous reports. Serious infections were reported in four (2%) of 191 patients in the ustekinumab group and five (3%) of 195 in the adalimumab group. No deaths occurred through week 52 of the study. INTERPRETATION: Both ustekinumab and adalimumab monotherapies were highly effective in this population of biologic-naive patients, with no difference in the primary outcome between the drugs. FUNDING: Janssen Scientific Affairs.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Doença de Crohn , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Indução de Remissão , Resultado do Tratamento , Ustekinumab/efeitos adversos
16.
Expert Rev Mol Med ; 24: e26, 2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35687009

RESUMO

Pregnancy is a complex biological process. The establishment and maintenance of foetal-maternal interface are pivotal events. Decidual immune cells and inflammatory cytokines play indispensable roles in the foetal-maternal interface. The disfunction of decidual immune cells leads to adverse pregnancy outcome. Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, a common inflammatory cytokine, has critical roles in different stages of normal pregnancy process. However, the relationship between the disorder of TNF-α and adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preeclampsia (PE), intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), spontaneous abortion (SA), preterm birth and so on, is still indefinite. In this review, we thoroughly reviewed the effect of TNF-α disorder on pathological conditions. Moreover, we summarized the reports about the adverse pregnancy outcomes (PE, IUGR, SA and preterm birth) of using anti-TNF-α drugs (infliximab, etanercept and adalimumab, certolizumab and golimumab) currently in the clinical studies. Overall, IUGR, SA and preterm birth are the most common adverse pregnancy outcomes of anti-TNF-α drugs. Our review may provide insight for the immunological treatment of pregnancy-related complication, and help practitioners make informed decisions based on the current evidences.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Complicações na Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro , Aborto Espontâneo/induzido quimicamente , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Citocinas , Feminino , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/induzido quimicamente , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/etiologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pré-Eclâmpsia/induzido quimicamente , Pré-Eclâmpsia/etiologia , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/induzido quimicamente , Complicações na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado da Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/induzido quimicamente , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
17.
Clin Rheumatol ; 41(10): 3005-3016, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35676450

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical equivalence of TQ-Z2301, a biosimilar of adalimumab, to the reference adalimumab in the treatment of Chinese patients with active ankylosing spondylitis. METHODS: This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, positive-controlled phase III clinical trial was conducted in 19 centers across China. Chinese adults with active ankylosing spondylitis despite being treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for ≥ 4 weeks were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to subcutaneously receive 40 mg of TQ-Z2301 or adalimumab every other week for 24 weeks. The primary endpoint was the percentage of patients who achieved at least 20% improvement according to the Assessment of Spondyloarthritis International Society criteria (ASAS20) at week 24. The equivalence was established if the 90% CI for RR of ASAS20 between two groups at week 24 fell within (0.80, 1.25). Secondary endpoints included efficacy measures of disease activity, spinal mobility, physical function and quality of life, immunogenicity, and pharmacokinetic parameters. Safety analysis was done for all patients who received at least one study drug. RESULTS: A total of 380 patients were enrolled in the study between September 2018 and October 2019, including 188 in the TQ-Z2301 group and 192 in the adalimumab group. In the full analysis population, the ASAS20 response rate at week 24 was 86.70% in the TQ-Z2301 group, and 80.73% in the adalimumab group, the RR of ASAS20 for TQ-Z2301 versus adalimumab was 1.074, 90% CI (0.997, 1.157), fell within the predefined equivalence boundary (0.80, 1.25). Except for the SF-36 at week 12, there was no statistical difference between the two groups for all the secondary endpoints (P>0.05). The incidence of adverse events group was 82.45% in the TQ-Z2301, and 83.85% in the adalimumab group, the safety profile of the two groups was similar. The profiles of immunogenicity and pharmacokinetics were also similar between the two groups. CONCLUSION: TQ-Z2301 is equivalent to adalimumab for the treatment of Chinese patients with active ankylosing spondylitis. The safety, immunogenicity, and pharmacokinetic characteristics of both drugs are similar. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study (CTR20181863) was registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry on 19 October 2018. Key Points • TQ-Z2301 showed the equivalence of efficacy compared with the reference adalimumab for the treatment of Chinese patients with active ankylosing spondylitis. • The safety, immunogenicity, and pharmacokinetics profiles of TQZ-2301 were similar to those of the reference adalimumab.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Medicamentos Biossimilares , Espondilite Anquilosante , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 5: CD011535, 2022 05 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35603936

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is an immune-mediated disease with either skin or joints manifestations, or both, and it has a major impact on quality of life. Although there is currently no cure for psoriasis, various treatment strategies allow sustained control of disease signs and symptoms. The relative benefit of these treatments remains unclear due to the limited number of trials comparing them directly head-to-head, which is why we chose to conduct a network meta-analysis. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and safety of non-biological systemic agents, small molecules, and biologics for people with moderate-to-severe psoriasis using a network meta-analysis, and to provide a ranking of these treatments according to their efficacy and safety. SEARCH METHODS: For this update of the living systematic review, we updated our searches of the following databases monthly to October 2021: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, and Embase. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of systemic treatments in adults over 18 years with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis, at any stage of treatment, compared to placebo or another active agent. The primary outcomes were: proportion of participants who achieved clear or almost clear skin, that is, at least Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) 90; proportion of participants with serious adverse events (SAEs) at induction phase (8 to 24 weeks after randomisation). DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We conducted duplicate study selection, data extraction, risk of bias assessment and analyses. We synthesised data using pairwise and network meta-analysis (NMA) to compare treatments and rank them according to effectiveness (PASI 90 score) and acceptability (inverse of SAEs). We assessed the certainty of NMA evidence for the two primary outcomes and all comparisons using CINeMA, as very low, low, moderate, or high. We contacted study authors when data were unclear or missing. We used the surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) to infer treatment hierarchy, from 0% (worst for effectiveness or safety) to 100% (best for effectiveness or safety). MAIN RESULTS: This update includes an additional 19 studies, taking the total number of included studies to 167, and randomised participants to 58,912, 67.2% men, mainly recruited from hospitals. Average age was 44.5 years, mean PASI score at baseline was 20.4 (range: 9.5 to 39). Most studies were placebo-controlled (57%). We assessed a total of 20 treatments. Most (140) trials were multicentric (two to 231 centres). One-third of the studies (57/167) had high risk of bias; 23 unclear risk, and most (87) low risk. Most studies (127/167) declared funding by a pharmaceutical company, and 24 studies did not report a funding source. Network meta-analysis at class level showed that all interventions (non-biological systemic agents, small molecules, and biological treatments) showed a higher proportion of patients reaching PASI 90 than placebo. Anti-IL17 treatment showed a higher proportion of patients reaching PASI 90 compared to all the interventions, except anti-IL23. Biologic treatments anti-IL17, anti-IL12/23, anti-IL23 and anti-TNF alpha showed a higher proportion of patients reaching PASI 90 than the non-biological systemic agents. For reaching PASI 90, the most effective drugs when compared to placebo were (SUCRA rank order, all high-certainty evidence): infliximab (risk ratio (RR) 50.19, 95% CI 20.92 to 120.45), bimekizumab (RR 30.27, 95% CI 25.45 to 36.01), ixekizumab (RR 30.19, 95% CI 25.38 to 35.93), risankizumab (RR 28.75, 95% CI 24.03 to 34.39). Clinical effectiveness of these drugs was similar when compared against each other. Bimekizumab, ixekizumab and risankizumab showed a higher proportion of patients reaching PASI 90 than other anti-IL17 drugs (secukinumab and brodalumab) and guselkumab. Infliximab, anti-IL17 drugs (bimekizumab, ixekizumab, secukinumab and brodalumab) and anti-IL23 drugs (risankizumab and guselkumab) except tildrakizumab showed a higher proportion of patients reaching PASI 90 than ustekinumab and three anti-TNF alpha agents (adalimumab, certolizumab and etanercept). Ustekinumab was superior to certolizumab; adalimumab and ustekinumab were superior to etanercept. No significant difference was shown between apremilast and two non-biological drugs: ciclosporin and methotrexate. We found no significant difference between any of the interventions and the placebo for the risk of SAEs. The risk of SAEs was significantly lower for participants on methotrexate compared with most of the interventions. Nevertheless, the SAE analyses were based on a very low number of events with low- to moderate-certainty for all the comparisons (except methotrexate versus placebo, which was high-certainty). The findings therefore have to be viewed with caution. For other efficacy outcomes (PASI 75 and Physician Global Assessment (PGA) 0/1), the results were similar to the results for PASI 90. Information on quality of life was often poorly reported and was absent for several of the interventions. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Our review shows that, compared to placebo, the biologics infliximab, bimekizumab, ixekizumab, and risankizumab were the most effective treatments for achieving PASI 90 in people with moderate-to-severe psoriasis on the basis of high-certainty evidence. This NMA evidence is limited to induction therapy (outcomes measured from 8 to 24 weeks after randomisation), and is not sufficient for evaluating longer-term outcomes in this chronic disease. Moreover, we found low numbers of studies for some of the interventions, and the young age (mean 44.5 years) and high level of disease severity (PASI 20.4 at baseline) may not be typical of patients seen in daily clinical practice. We found no significant difference in the assessed interventions and placebo in terms of SAEs, and the safety evidence for most interventions was low to moderate quality. More randomised trials directly comparing active agents are needed, and these should include systematic subgroup analyses (sex, age, ethnicity, comorbidities, psoriatic arthritis). To provide long-term information on the safety of treatments included in this review, an evaluation of non-randomised studies and postmarketing reports from regulatory agencies is needed. Editorial note: This is a living systematic review. Living systematic reviews offer a new approach to review updating, in which the review is continually updated, incorporating relevant new evidence as it becomes available. Please refer to the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for the current status of this review.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Psoríase , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Etanercepte/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Metanálise em Rede , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Ustekinumab/uso terapêutico
20.
United European Gastroenterol J ; 10(5): 485-495, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35560533

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: PYRAMID was an international post-marketing registry that aimed to collect data on the long-term safety and effectiveness of adalimumab treatment per local standard of care in patients with moderately to severely active Crohn's disease (CD). Here, we present post hoc analyses of observational data from patients who became pregnant while participating in this registry and receiving adalimumab. METHODS: From the subpopulation of patients receiving adalimumab who became pregnant while taking part in PYRAMID, data on patient characteristics, pregnancy outcomes, and complications of pregnancy were analysed retrospectively. RESULTS: Across the PYRAMID registry, 293 pregnancies occurred in patients who had gestational adalimumab exposure (average disease duration at last menstrual period: 8.6 years), resulting in 300 pregnancy outcomes. A total of 197 pregnancies (67.2%) were exposed to adalimumab in all trimesters per physician's decision. Of the known reported outcomes (96.3%), 81.7% (236/289) were live births, 10.4% (30/289) were spontaneous abortions, 4.8% (14/289) elective terminations, 2.8% (8/289) ectopic pregnancies, and 0.3% (1/289) was a stillbirth. Congenital malformations (pulmonary valve stenosis and tricuspid valve incompetence) were reported in one infant. In addition to the pregnancy outcomes described above, 23 complications of pregnancy were reported in 20 patients. CONCLUSIONS: This analysis showed that adalimumab treatment in patients with CD, who became pregnant whilst participating in the PYRAMID registry, contributed no additional adverse effects during the pregnancy course or on pregnancy outcomes.


Assuntos
Adalimumab , Doença de Crohn , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Crohn/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Vigilância de Produtos Comercializados , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos
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