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1.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 29(10): 1231-1236, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33125196

RESUMO

Non-infectious uveitis (NIU) is a serious sight-threatening condition whose pathogenesis is often autoimmune in nature. It may manifest in any age group, though adults aged 20-50 are the group most often affected. It causes 5-10% of visual impairment worldwide. The epidemiology of some specific uveitis diseases varies worldwide, because they are influenced by genetic, environmental and socioeconomic factors. It can occur only in the eye or as a symptom of a systemic condition. The most common cause of NIU is HLA-B-27-associated anterior uveitis (4-32%). The standard treatment for NIU is a local, topical and systemic steroid therapy in combination with immunomodulatory therapy. However, recently, a new drug - adalimumab, which is a tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) inhibitor - was approved by FDA in the treatment of NIU and is increasingly used to treat various conditions. Adalimumab has been proven in many studies to be safe and effective in the treatment of NIU associated with diverse systemic diseases.


Assuntos
Uveíte , Doença Aguda , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico
2.
Croat Med J ; 61(4): 333-337, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881431

RESUMO

AIM: To assess C-reactive protein to albumin ratio (CAR) before and after treatment with biological agents in patients with psoriasis to determine whether CAR can be used as an inflammation biomarker. METHODS: Medical records of patients with psoriasis treated with biological agents at the Department of Dermatology, Gazi University Hospital were retrospectively evaluated between June 2018 and August 2019. The patients were divided into four groups based on the type of treatment (adalimumab, ustekinumab, infliximab, secukinumab). CAR was evaluated before and three months after treatment. RESULTS: The study enrolled 157 patients with psoriasis vulgaris (91 male) aged between 18 and 85. CAR significantly decreased in all treatment groups (adalimumab group P<0.001; ustekinumab P=0.006; infliximab P=0.007; secukinumab P<0.001). The most prominent decrease in CAR was observed in patients treated with secukinumab (median CAR before treatment 1.52 [1.01-3.04] and after treatment 0.84 [0.62-0.99]). CONCLUSION: CAR may be a good indicator of systemic inflammation in psoriasis patients treated with biological agents.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Fármacos Dermatológicos/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/sangue , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psoríase/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ustekinumab/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
3.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 8: CD012328, 2020 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32746500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: About half of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) require surgery within 10 years of diagnosis. Resection of the affected segment is highly effective, however the majority of patients experience clinical recurrence after surgery. Most of these patients have asymptomatic endoscopic recurrence weeks or months before starting with symptoms. This inflammation can be detected by colonoscopy and is a good predictor of poor prognosis.Therapy guided by colonoscopy could tailor the management and improve the prognosis of postoperative CD. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of prophylactic therapy guided by colonoscopy in reducing the postoperative recurrence of CD in adults. SEARCH METHODS: The following electronic databases were searched up to 17 December 2019: MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL, Clinical Trials.gov, WHO Trial Registry and Cochrane IBD specialized register. Reference lists of included articles, as well as conference proceedings were handsearched. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), quasi-RCTs and cohort studies comparing colonoscopy-guided management versus management non-guided by colonoscopy. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently considered studies for eligibility, extracted the data and assessed study quality. Methodological quality was assessed using both the Cochrane 'Risk of bias' tool for RCTs and Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS) for cohort studies. The primary outcome was clinical recurrence. Secondary outcomes included: endoscopic, surgical recurrence and adverse events. We calculated the risk ratio (RR) for each dichotomous outcome and extracted the hazard ratio (HR) for time-to-event outcomes. All estimates were reported with their corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI). Data were analysed on an intention-to-treat (ITT) basis. The overall quality of the evidence was evaluated using GRADE criteria. MAIN RESULTS: Two RCTs (237 participants) and five cohort studies (794 participants) met the inclusion criteria. Meta-analysis was not conducted as the studies were highly heterogeneous. We included two comparisons. Intensification of prophylactic-therapy guided by colonoscopy versus intensification guided by clinical recurrence One unblinded RCT and four retrospective cohort studies addressed this comparison. All participants received the same prophylactic therapy immediately after surgery. In the colonoscopy-based management group the therapy was intensified in case of endoscopic recurrence; in the control group the therapy was intensified only in case of symptoms. In the RCT, clinical recurrence (defined as Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI) > 150 points) in the colonoscopy-based management group was 37.7% (46/122) compared to 46.1% (21/52) in the control group at 18 months' follow up (RR 0.82, 95% CI: 0.56 to 1.18, 174 participants, low-certainty evidence). There may be a reduction in endoscopic recurrence at 18 months with colonoscopy-based management (RR 0.73, 95% CI 0.56 to 0.95, 1 RCT, 174 participants, low-certainty evidence). The certainty of the evidence for surgical recurrence was very low, due to only four cohort studies with inconsistent results reporting this outcome. Adverse events at 18 months were similar in both groups, with 82% in the intervention group (100/122) and 86.5% in the control group (45/52) (RR 0.95, 95% CI:0.83 to 1.08, 1 RCT, 174 participants, low-certainty of evidence).The most common adverse events reported were alopecia, wound infection, sensory symptoms, systemic lupus, vasculitis and severe injection site reaction. Perforations or haemorrhages secondary to colonoscopy were not reported. Initiation of prophylactic-therapy guided by colonoscopy versus initiation immediately after surgery An unblinded RCT and two retrospective cohort studies addressed this comparison. The control group received prophylactic therapy immediately after surgery, and in the colonoscopy-based management group the therapy was delayed up to detection of endoscopic recurrence. The effects on clinical and endoscopic recurrence are uncertain (clinical recurrence until week 102: RR 1.16, 95% CI 0.73 to 1.84; endoscopic recurrence at week 102: RR 1.16, 95% CI 0.73 to 1.84; 1 RCT, 63 participants, very low-certainty evidence). Results from one cohort study were similarly uncertain (median follow-up 32 months, 199 participants). The effects on surgical recurrence at a median follow-up of 50 to 55 months were also uncertain in one cohort study (RR 0.79, 95% CI 0.38 to 1.62, 133 participants, very low-certainty evidence). There were fewer adverse events with colonoscopy-based management (54.8% (17/31)) compared with the control group (93.8% (30/32)) but the evidence is very uncertain (RR 0.58, 95% CI 0.42 to 0.82; 1 RCT, 63 participants). Common adverse events were infections, gastrointestinal intolerance, leukopenia, pancreatitis and skin lesions. Perforations or haemorrhages secondary to colonoscopy were not reported. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Intensification of prophylactic-therapy guided by colonoscopy may reduce clinical and endoscopic postoperative recurrence of CD compared to intensification guided by symptoms, and there may be little or no difference in adverse effects. We are uncertain whether initiation of therapy guided by colonoscopy impacts postoperative recurrence and adverse events when compared to initiation immediately after surgery, as the certainty of the evidence is very low. Further studies are necessary to improve the certainty of the evidence of this review.


Assuntos
Colonoscopia , Doença de Crohn/prevenção & controle , Doença de Crohn/cirurgia , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Doenças Assintomáticas , Azatioprina/efeitos adversos , Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Viés , Estudos de Coortes , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Mesalamina/efeitos adversos , Mesalamina/uso terapêutico , Metronidazol/efeitos adversos , Metronidazol/uso terapêutico , Purinas/efeitos adversos , Purinas/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
4.
Brasília; CONITEC; ago. 2020. ilus, tab.
Não convencional em Português | BRISA/RedTESA | ID: biblio-1122923

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: A artrite psoriaca (AP) e a doenca articular inflamatoria associada a psoriase, tambem autoimune, poligenica, de etiologia indefinida, na qual as citocinas relacionadas aos linfocitos T tem um papel central como na psoriase. Estima-se que a prevalencia geral da AP esteja em torno de 0,02% a 0,25% e que 1 em cada 4 pacientes com psoriase tem artrite psoriaca: 23,8% (IC 95%: 20,1% a 27,6%). No Sistema Unico de Saude (SUS) e garantido aos pacientes o acesso as opcoes de tratamentos com medicamentos, incluindo os antiinflamatorios nao esteroidais (AINE) ibuprofeno e naproxeno; os glicocorticoides prednisona e metilprednisolona; os medicamentos modificadores do curso da doenca sinteticos (MMCD-s) sulfassalazina (SSZ), metotrexato (MTX), leflunomida e ciclosporina; os MMCD biológicos (MMCD-b) adalimumabe, etanercepte, infliximabe e golimumabe; e o inibidor de citocinas anti-IL-17 secuquinumabe. PERGUNTA: O uso de ixequizumabe e eficaz, seguro e custo-efetivo para o tratamento de pacientes adultos com AP ativa, com uma resposta insuficiente ou intolerantes ao tratamento com um MMCD biologico? TECNOLOGIA: Ixequizumabe (TaltzR). EVIDÊNCIAS CIENTÍFICAS: Uma revisao sistematica com meta-analise em rede objetivou avaliar a eficacia e seguranca comparativa dos biologicos pertencentes a classe dos inibidores da interleucina (IL-6, IL-12/23 e IL-17) em pacientes com artrite psoriaca ativa. Foi avaliado o desempenho das tecnologias quanto as respostas no instrumento ACR (ACR20, ACR50), na semana 24; qualquer evento adverso (EA); eventos adversos graves (EAG); e tolerabilidade (descontinuacao devido a EA), na semana 16 ou 24. Apos recuperar 329 estudos, a revisão incluiu 6 estudos avaliando os inibidores de interleucina secuquinumabe, ustequinumabe, clazaquizumabe e ixequizumabe, com um total de 2.411 pacientes. Na analise de risco de vies, nao foram identificados pontos criticos, exceto o fato de que todos os seis estudos relataram o uso da ultima observacao transportada para imputacao de dados ausentes (Do ingles, last observation carried forward - LOCF) e que todos os estudos incluidos receberam financiamento de um organismo comercial com fins lucrativos. Ao realizar o ranqueamento com todos os tratamentos disponiveis no SUS (nao apenas os medicamentos em discussao neste relatorio), com base nas estimativas de SUCRA, os resultados do estudo indicam que o secuquinumabe 300 mg mensalmente tem a maior efetividade na obtencao de respostas ACR20 (SUCRA = 96,42) e ACR50 (SUCRA = 91,64). O estudo tambem indica que clazaquizumabe 200mg mensalmente, ustequinumabe 45mg a cada 12 semanas e secuquinumabe 150mg mensalmente tenham a menor probabilidade de ter EA, EAG e descontinuacao devido a EA. Na relacao geral do desempenho dos tratamentos em todos os desfechos de efetividade e seguranca, o secuquinumabe se destaca como a melhor opcao de tratamento em ambas as doses de 300 mg e 150 mg e o ixequizumabe a pior opcao para o tratamento da artrite psoriaca. Apos a condução de uma atualizacao da meta-analise em rede para incluir dois novos estudos do ixequizumabe (SPIRIT-P2 e SPIRIT-H2H), nao considerados na meta-analise original, pode-se observar que o secuquinumabe ainda se mantem com maior probabilidade no ranking de melhor tratamento. Em ambos os desfechos de efetividade e seguranca, o nivel de certeza das evidencias foi considerado moderado, com reducoes de efetividade devido a limitada similaridade das populacoes estudadas com ixequizumabe, secuquinumabe, a linha de tratamento em discussão (falha aos anti-TNF) e reducoes devido a imprecisao no desfecho de EAG. AVALIAÇÃO ECONÔMICA: Para a analise economica, o demandante encaminhou um estudo de "analise de custo por resposta" ou "custo por respondedor", que foi atualizado incluindo a comparacao com o secuquinumabe. Nessa linha, ao considerar os custos e benefícios incrementais em relacao ao adalimumabe, seriam necessarios R$ 19.350,54 para cada resposta adicional no ACR50 com o secuquinumabe. O medicamento ixequizumabe nao demonstrou superioridade na obtencao do ACR50 quando comparado ao adalimumabe, mas sim no desfecho combinado do ACR50/PASI100, onde seriam necessarios R$ 71.284,24 por cada resposta adicional no ACR50/PASI100. Ressalta-se que tal analise carece do rigor metodologico das avaliacoes economicas completas e seus resultados possuem serias limitacoes de interpretacao. AVALIAÇÃO DE IMPACTO ORÇAMENTÁRIO: O demandante encaminhou um modelo de impacto orcamentario com o objetivo de analisar o impacto da incorporacao de ixequizumabe ao longo de 5 anos no tratamento de pacientes com artrite psoriaca na perspectiva do SUS. Apos a analise critica do modelo encaminhado, considerou-se possuir um racional adequado e coerente com a perspectiva do SUS, contudo, com pontos criticos a serem revisados. Em sua proposta original, o demandante apresenta uma estimativa de economia de R$ 5,6 milhoes em cinco anos. Com a revisao e atualizacao dos dados, sobretudo ao considerar os custos do tratamento de inducao, essa economia deixa de existir e passa a ser estimado um impacto incremental de mais de R$ 58 milhoes. MONITORAMENTO DO HORIZONTE TECNOLÓGICO: Foram detectadas no horizonte seis potenciais tecnologias para o tratamento de pacientes com artrite psoriaca com uma resposta insuficiente ou intolerantes ao tratamento com um ou mais MMCD: apremilaste, bimequizumabe, filgotinibe, guselcumabe, risanquizumabe, upadacitinibe. CONSIDERAÇÕES: A partir das estimativas de efetividade comparativa disponiveis, por meio de meta-analises em rede, e possivel observar que o secuquinumabe, tratamento disponivel no SUS, se destaca como a melhor opcao de tratamento na indicacao dessa submissao quando comparado a outras opcoes, inclusive o ixequizumabe, que foi considerada a pior opcao para o tratamento da artrite psoriaca na relacao geral do desempenho nos desfechos de efetividade e seguranca. Alem disso, estima-se que a incorporacao do ixequizumabe possa implicar um impacto incremental de mais de R$ 58 milhoes. RECOMENDAÇÃO PRELIMINAR DA CONITEC: A Conitec, em sua 85a reuniao ordinaria, no dia 04 de fevereiro de 2020, recomendou a nao incorporacao no SUS do ixequizumabe para artrite psoriaca ativa com resposta insuficiente ou intolerante ao tratamento com medicamentos modificadores do curso da doenca. CONSULTA PÚBLICA: Foram recebidas 134 contribuicoes tecnico-cientificas e 222 contribuicoes de experiencia ou opiniao, sendo a maioria discordante da recomendacao preliminar da Conitec. Apos analise do texto das contribuicoes, foram identificados pontos como o anseio por novas opcoes terapeuticas, dificuldade de acesso pelo alto custo unitario do medicamento, assim como foram apresentados novos dados tecnicos e ressaltadas limitacoes da analise preliminar. No entanto, nao foram fornecidas evidencias cientificas que dessem suporte a superioridade do ixequizumabe frente ao secuquinumabe ou que fornecessem melhores subsidios de comparacao do que o uso da comparacao indireta. O laboratorio fabricante ofereceu uma nova proposta de preco equivalente a reducao de 2,7% do preco proposto inicialmente e um novo modelo de impacto orcamentario indicando uma reducao de gastos de ate R$ 49.893.362,00 ao longo dos 5 anos na ocasiao de incorporacao na mesma linha e indicacao do secuquinumabe. A Conitec entendeu que nao houve argumentacao suficiente para alterar sua recomendação inicial, pela nao incorporacao do ixequizumabe, devido a incerteza de beneficios em relacao ao perfil de desempenho de efetividade e seguranca das opcoes terapeuticas ja disponiveis no SUS. RECOMENDAÇÃO FINAL: Os membros da Conitec presentes na 89a reuniao ordinaria no dia 06 de agosto de 2020, deliberaram, por unanimidade, por recomendar a nao incorporacao no SUS do ixequizumabe para artrite psoriaca ativa com resposta insuficiente ou intolerante ao tratamento com medicamentos modificadores do curso da doenca. Considerou-se os mesmos argumentos para a recomendacao preliminar, o ixequizumabe nao apresenta beneficios em relacao ao perfil de desempenho de efetividade e seguranca das opcoes terapeuticas ja disponiveis no SUS. DECISÃO: Nao incorporar o ixequizumabe para tratamento de pacientes adultos com artrite psoriaca ativa com resposta insuficiente ou intolerante ao tratamento com um ou mais medicamentos modificadores do curso da doenca, no ambito do Sistema Unico de Saude - SUS, conforme Portaria no 31, publicada no Diario Oficial da Uniao no 160, secao 1, pagina 118, em 20 de agosto de 2020.


Assuntos
Humanos , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucinas/uso terapêutico , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Etanercepte/uso terapêutico , Avaliação da Tecnologia Biomédica , Sistema Único de Saúde , Brasil , Análise Custo-Benefício/economia
5.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(10): 1310-1319, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32660977

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: SPIRIT head-to-head (H2H) is a 52-week (Wk) trial comparing ixekizumab (IXE) with adalimumab (ADA) for simultaneous American College of Rheumatology (ACR)50 and Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI)100 responses in 566 patients (distributed evenly across both groups) with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). IXE was superior to ADA for this primary end point at Wk24. We aimed to determine the final efficacy and safety results through Wk52 including a prespecified subgroup analysis of concomitant conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (csDMARD) use. METHODS: SPIRIT-H2H is a Wk52 multicentre, open-label, blinded-assessor study comparing IXE and ADA in bionaïve patients with PsA. Patients were randomised 1:1 to IXE or ADA with stratification by concomitant csDMARD use and presence of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. Prespecified end points at Wk24 and Wk52 included musculoskeletal, psoriasis, quality-of life outcomes, subgroup analyses and safety. RESULTS: A significantly higher proportion of patients treated with IXE versus ADA simultaneously achieved ACR50 and PASI100 (39% vs 26%, p<0.001), PASI100 (64% vs 41%, p<0.001) at Wk52. Efficacy of IXE and ADA was similar at Wk52 for ACR50 (49.8% vs 49.8%, p=0.924), treat-to-target outcomes, enthesitis and dactylitis resolution. Responses to IXE were consistent irrespective of concomitant csDMARD use. Significantly more patients on IXE monotherapy versus ADA monotherapy had simultaneous ACR50 and PASI100 (38% vs 19%, p=0.007), and PASI100 responses (66% vs 35%, p<0.001) at Wk52. There were no new safety findings for IXE or ADA. CONCLUSIONS: IXE provided significantly greater simultaneous joint and skin improvement than ADA through Wk52 in bionaïve patients with PsA. IXE showed better efficacy on psoriasis and performed at least as well as ADA on musculoskeletal manifestations. IXE efficacy was consistent irrespective of concomitant csDMARD use. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03151551.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Brasília; s.n; 24 jul. 2020.
Não convencional em Português | LILACS, BRISA/RedTESA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117704

RESUMO

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 21 artigos e 15 protocolos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Avaliação da Tecnologia Biomédica , Imunoglobulinas/uso terapêutico , Metilprednisolona/uso terapêutico , Vacinas/uso terapêutico , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes , Azitromicina/uso terapêutico , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/uso terapêutico , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , Combinação de Medicamentos , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1/uso terapêutico , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Darunavir/uso terapêutico , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Ticagrelor/uso terapêutico , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico
7.
Brasília; s.n; 17 jul. 2020.
Não convencional em Português | LILACS, BRISA/RedTESA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117678

RESUMO

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 14 artigos e 13 protocolos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Ribavirina/uso terapêutico , Avaliação da Tecnologia Biomédica , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Vancomicina/uso terapêutico , Ganciclovir/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Azitromicina/uso terapêutico , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , Oseltamivir/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 1/uso terapêutico , Lopinavir/uso terapêutico , Linezolida/uso terapêutico , Darunavir/uso terapêutico , Cobicistat/uso terapêutico , Interferon beta-1a/uso terapêutico , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Abatacepte/uso terapêutico , Etanercepte/uso terapêutico , Cefepima/uso terapêutico , Meropeném/uso terapêutico , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico
9.
Rheumatol Int ; 40(9): 1423-1431, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32661928

RESUMO

Concerns regarding the comorbidity as a significant risk factor for Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19), gave rise to an urgent need for studies evaluating patients with chronic conditions such as autoinflammatory diseases (AIDs). We prepared a web-based survey investigating the clinical findings and contact histories among pediatric patients with AIDs. Confirmed COVID-19 cases, patients with contact history and those with symptoms which were highly suggestive of COVID-19 were called via phone or recruited to a video or face to face appointment. Data of AIDs were obtained from their medical records, retrospectively. Laboratory and screening findings were confirmed by our national health registry website. There were 404 patients (217 female) eligible for the enrollment. During pandemic, 375 (93%) were on colchicine treatment and 48 (11.8%) were receiving biologic treatment. Twenty-four out of 404 patients were admitted to hospital due to COVID-19 suspicion. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS CoV-2) was identified through rhinopharyngeal swabs in seven patients, six of whom were only on colchicine treatment. Only one patient with no finding of any severe respiratory complications was hospitalized. All of seven patients recovered completely. Among patients on biologic drugs, neither a symptom nor a positive polymerase chain reaction test for COVID 19 was detected. In conclusion, pediatric patients with AIDs, those receiving biologic treatment and/or colchicine, may not be at increased risk for neither being infected nor the severe disease course.


Assuntos
Colchicina/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/uso terapêutico , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Produtos Biológicos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Síndromes Periódicas Associadas à Criopirina/complicações , Síndromes Periódicas Associadas à Criopirina/tratamento farmacológico , Etanercepte/uso terapêutico , Febre Familiar do Mediterrâneo/complicações , Febre Familiar do Mediterrâneo/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/complicações , Humanos , Lactente , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Turquia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Z Rheumatol ; 79(7): 702-706, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32494950

RESUMO

Behçet's disease (BD) is a recurrent, multisystemic, inflammatory blood vessel disorder that can result in mouth, genital, and skin ulcers; arthritis; and eye and intestinal inflammation. We describe a 21-year-old Korean female patient with intestinal BD refractory to conventional medical treatment and biologic drugs. The patient was initially treated with high-dose steroids and sulfasalazine. Two months later, a skin rash occurred as a side effect of sulfasalazine. Therefore, infliximab (IFX) was administered, and disease activity decreased. However, IFX also induced a skin rash; hence, the patient was switched to adalimumab. After 12 months, the patient experienced a relapse of intestinal BD. Hence, treatment was initiated using a combination of methotrexate and adalimumab; however, this treatment was ineffective. Methotrexate was discontinued and replaced with 5­aminosalicylic acid while maintaining adalimumab, and no recurrence has been observed to date. We report this novel strategy involving the use of anti-tumor necrosis factor­α agents for patients with resistant BD; however, further large cohort studies are required to verify its usefulness.


Assuntos
Adalimumab , Síndrome de Behçet , Mesalamina , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Infliximab , Mesalamina/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
12.
Rev Med Liege ; 75(5-6): 376-381, 2020 May.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496683

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease affecting around 2-3 % of the population. The disease spectrum evolves from to the knees and elbows limited disease to erythrodermic psoriasis. The impact on the quality of life, the pruritus, the pain from palmo-plantar disease, arthropathic psoriasis and the comorbidities are the major complaints of the patients. The treatment relies on topical treatments with dermocorticosteroids with or without vitamin D derivatives, UVA or UVB phototherapy, conventional treatments including methotrexate, ciclosporin and acitretin, and, since around 15 years, biological treatments. The biological treatments for moderate to severe psoriasis progressed in a spectacular way with an improvement of clinical results and an amelioration of the safety profile at every step. This article discusses these developments from the TNF? antagonists, including etanercept, adalimumab and infliximab to the newly arrivals, the anti-IL17 and anti-IL23 antagonists, the anti-PDE-4 antagonists and the JAK inhibitors.


Assuntos
Imunossupressores , Psoríase , Qualidade de Vida , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Etanercepte/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico
14.
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg ; 26(3): 366-372, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study aims to observe the effects of ischemia-reperfusion (IR) on small intestines at a molecular level and to prospectively assess the potential preventive role of adalimumab (ADA) and antioxidants. METHODS: A total of 24 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups-a control group, an IR group and an IR+ADA group. RESULTS: Although there was no change in SOD levels in the small bowel tissue of the IR group, we observed increased malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and increased numerical density of caspase-3 and TNF-α positive enterocytes p=0.00 and p=0.00, respectively). We also observed that IR caused the degeneration of villus crypt structures. CONCLUSION: We found that ADA treatment reduced MDA levels and decreased the numerical density of caspase-3 and TNF-α positive enterocytes compared to the IR group (p=0.00; p=0.011; p=0.00, respectively). We conclude that ADA can be beneficial in preventing intestinal injury that arises from IR.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Doenças da Aorta/complicações , Enteropatias , Substâncias Protetoras/uso terapêutico , Animais , Enteropatias/complicações , Enteropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Intestinos/lesões , Ratos
16.
Yonsei Med J ; 61(5): 382-390, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32390361

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The optimal timing of anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) initiation in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) remains unclear. Very little is known about the clinical outcomes after the early versus late initiation of anti-TNF therapy, especially in Asian UC patients. Here we aimed to assess whether earlier anti-TNF treatment initiation results in favorable clinical outcomes in Korean UC patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the Korean National Health Insurance claims database, we studied patients who were diagnosed with UC and received anti-TNF therapy for more than 6 months between 2010 and 2016. Using a Cox proportional hazard model, clinical outcomes including colectomy, UC-related emergency room (ER) visits, UC-related hospitalizations, and the need for corticosteroids were compared between early (≤2 years of diagnosis) and late (>2 years of diagnosis) initiators of anti-TNF therapy. RESULTS: Among 17167 UC patients, 698 patients who received anti-TNF therapy for more than 6 months were included (420 infliximab, 242 adalimumab, and 36 golimumab). Of the 698 patients, 299 (42.8%) initiated anti-TNF therapy within 2 years of diagnosis. There were no significant differences in the risk of colectomy [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR), 0.41; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.04-3.90], ER visits (aHR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.50-1.92), hospitalization (aHR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.57-1.01), and corticosteroid use (aHR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.71-1.50) between early and late initiators of anti-TNF therapy. CONCLUSION: Patients receiving early anti-TNF therapy had similar clinical outcomes to those of late initiators, suggesting that early anti-TNF therapy initiation offers little benefit in patients with UC.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 5: CD012877, 2020 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32413933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conventional medications for Crohn's disease (CD) include anti-inflammatory drugs, immunosuppressants and corticosteroids. If an individual does not respond, or loses response to first-line treatments, then biologic therapies such as tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) antagonists such as adalimumab are considered for treating CD. Maintenance of remission of CD is a clinically important goal, as disease relapse can negatively affect quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of adalimumab for maintenance of remission in people with quiescent CD. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane IBD Group Specialized Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, and clinicaltrials.gov from inception to April 2019. SELECTION CRITERIA: We considered for inclusion randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing adalimumab to placebo or to an active comparator. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We analyzed data on an intention-to-treat basis. We calculated risk ratios (RRs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for dichotomous outcomes. The primary outcome was failure to maintain clinical remission. We define clinical remission as a Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI) score of < 150. Secondary outcomes were failure to maintain clinical response, endoscopic remission, endoscopic response, histological remission and adverse events (AEs). We assessed biases using the Cochrane 'Risk of bias' tool. We used GRADE to assess the overall certainty of evidence supporting the primary outcome. MAIN RESULTS: We included six RCTs (1158 participants). We rated four trials at low risk of bias and two trials at unclear risk of bias. All participants had moderate-to-severe CD that was in clinical remission. Four studies were placebo-controlled (1012 participants). Two studies (70 participants) compared adalimumab to active medication (azathioprine, mesalamine or 6-mercaptopurine) in participants who had an ileocolic resection prior to study enrolment. Adalimumab versus placebo Fifty-nine per cent (252/430) of participants treated with adalimumab failed to maintain clinical remission at 52 to 56 weeks, compared with 86% (217/253) of participants receiving placebo (RR 0.70, 95% CI 0.64 to 0.77; 3 studies, 683 participants; high-certainty evidence). Among those who received prior TNF-α antagonist therapy, 69% (129/186) of adalimumab participants failed to maintain clinical or endoscopic response at 52 to 56 weeks, compared with 93% (108/116) of participants who received placebo (RR 0.76, 95% CI 0.68 to 0.85; 2 studies, 302 participants; moderate-certainty evidence). Fifty-one per cent (192/374) of participants who received adalimumab failed to maintain clinical remission at 24 to 26 weeks, compared with 79% (149/188) of those who received placebo (RR 0.66, 95% CI 0.52 to 0.83; 2 studies, 554 participants; moderate-certainty evidence). Eighty-seven per cent (561/643) of participants who received adalimumab reported an AE compared with 85% (315/369) of participants who received placebo (RR 1.01, 95% CI 0.94 to 1.09; 4 studies, 1012 participants; high-certainty evidence). Serious adverse events were seen in 8% (52/643) of participants who received adalimumab and 14% (53/369) of participants who received placebo (RR 0.56, 95% CI 0.39 to 0.80; 4 studies, 1012 participants; moderate-certainty evidence) and withdrawal due to AEs was reported in 7% (45/643) of adalimumab participants compared to 13% (48/369) of placebo participants (RR 0.59, 95% CI 0.38 to 0.91; 4 studies, 1012 participants; moderate-certainty evidence). Commonly-reported AEs included CD aggravation, arthralgia, nasopharyngitis, urinary tract infections, headache, nausea, fatigue and abdominal pain. Adalimumab versus active comparators No studies reported failure to maintain clinical remission. One study reported on failure to maintain clinical response and endoscopic remission at 104 weeks in ileocolic resection participants who received either adalimumab, azathioprine or mesalamine as post-surgical maintenance therapy. Thirteen per cent (2/16) of adalimumab participants failed to maintain clinical response compared with 54% (19/35) of azathioprine or mesalamine participants (RR 0.23, 95% CI 0.06 to 0.87; 51 participants). Six per cent (1/16) of participants who received adalimumab failed to maintain endoscopic remission, compared with 57% (20/35) of participants who received azathioprine or mesalamine (RR 0.11, 95% CI 0.02 to 0.75; 51 participants; very low-certainty evidence). One study reported on failure to maintain endoscopic response at 24 weeks in ileocolic resection participants who received either adalimumab or 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) as post-surgical maintenance therapy. Nine per cent (1/11) of adalimumab participants failed to maintain endoscopic remission compared with 50% (4/8) of 6-MP participants (RR 0.18, 95% CI 0.02 to 1.33; 19 participants). AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Adalimumab is an effective therapy for maintenance of clinical remission in people with quiescent CD. Adalimumab is also effective in those who have previously been treated with TNF-α antagonists. The effect of adalimumab in the post-surgical setting is uncertain. More research is needed in people with recent bowel surgery for CD to better determine treatment plans following surgery. Future research should continue to explore factors that influence initial and subsequent biologic selection for people with moderate-to-severe CD. Studies comparing adalimumab to other active medications are needed, to help determine the optimal maintenance therapy for CD.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia de Manutenção/métodos , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos , Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Esquema de Medicação , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia de Manutenção/estatística & dados numéricos , Mercaptopurina/uso terapêutico , Mesalamina/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pacientes Desistentes do Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Placebos/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto Jovem
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(19): e20201, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32384515

RESUMO

Most studies of methotrexate (MTX) in combination with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors have focused on treatment-naive patients with early disease. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether previous biologic therapy influenced the impact of concomitant MTX in patients initiating treatment with adalimumab.We retrospectively analyzed data from 2 large noninterventional studies of German patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who initiated adalimumab therapy during routine clinical practice. Patients were seen between April 2004 and February 2013 for study 1 and between April 2003 and March 2013 for study 2. Key outcomes were Disease Activity Score-28 joints (DAS28), patient global assessment of health (PGA), and pain. Subgroup analyses by prior biologic treatment were performed on patients treated with continuous adalimumab monotherapy or adalimumab plus MTX for 12 months and 2-sample t tests were used to evaluate differences. We also assessed outcomes in subgroups in which MTX had been added or removed at 6 months and compared outcomes with 1-sample t tests.Of 2654 patients, 1911 (72%) were biologic naive and 743 (28%) had received prior biologic therapy, usually with a TNF inhibitor. All subgroups showed improvements following initiation of adalimumab therapy. In patients with no previous biologic treatment, continuous adalimumab plus MTX was associated with greater improvements in DAS28, PGA, and pain at month 12 compared with continuous adalimumab monotherapy (P = .0006, .0031, and .0032, respectively). In patients with previous biologic treatment, concomitant MTX was associated with statistically significant benefits in pain only. Adding MTX at month 6 resulted in additional benefits in patients with no prior biologic therapy, but not those with previous biologics.We conclude that concomitant MTX resulted in additional improvements in DAS28 and PGA vs adalimumab monotherapy in patients with no previous biologic therapy, but changes were not statistically significant in patients treated with prior biologics. These findings may help inform the patient/provider treatment decision during routine clinical care.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Adalimumab/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Produtos Biológicos , Progressão da Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Dor/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
20.
Lancet ; 395(10235): 1496-1505, 2020 05 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32386593

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Head-to-head trials in psoriatic arthritis are helpful in guiding clinical decision making. The EXCEED study evaluated the efficacy and safety of secukinumab versus adalimumab as first-line biological monotherapy for 52 weeks in patients with active psoriatic arthritis, with a musculoskeletal primary endpoint of American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 20 response. METHODS: This parallel-group, double-blind, active-controlled, phase-3b, multicentre (168 sites in 26 countries) trial enrolled patients aged at least 18 years with active psoriatic arthritis. Eligible patients were randomly assigned (1:1) by means of interactive response technology to receive secukinumab or adalimumab. Patients, investigators, site personnel, and those doing the assessments (except independent study drug administrators) were masked to study assignment. 300 mg secukinumab was administered subcutaneously at baseline, weeks 1, 2, 3, and 4, and then every 4 weeks until week 48 as a pre-filled syringe. Adalimumab was administered every 2 weeks from baseline until week 50 as 40 mg per 0·4 mL citrate free subcutaneous injection. The primary outcome was the proportion of patients with at least 20% improvement in the ACR response criteria (ACR20) at week 52. Patients were analysed according to the treatment to which they were randomly assigned. Safety analyses included all safety data reported up to and including the week 52 visit for each patient who received at least one dose of study drug. The trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02745080. FINDINGS: Between April 3, 2017 and Aug 23, 2018, we randomly assigned 853 patients to receive secukinumab (n=426) or adalimumab (n=427). 709 (83%) of 853 patients completed week 52 of the study, of whom 691 (81%) received the last study treatment at week 50. 61 (14%) of 426 patients in the secukinumab group discontinued treatment by week 52 versus 101 (24%) of 427 patients in the adalimumab group. The primary endpoint of superiority of secukinumab versus adalimumab for ACR20 response at week 52 was not met. 67% of patients in the secukinumab group achieved an ACR20 response at week 52 versus 62% of patients in the adalimumab group (OR 1·30, 95% CI 0·98-1·72; p=0·0719). The safety profiles of secukinumab and adalimumab were consistent with previous reports. Seven (2%) of 426 patients in the secukinumab group and six (1%) of 427 patients in the adalimumab group had serious infections. One death was reported in the secukinumab group due to colon cancer and was assessed as not related to the study drug by the investigator. INTERPRETATION: Secukinumab did not meet statistical significance for superiority versus adalimumab in the primary endpoint of ACR20 response at week 52. However, secukinumab was associated with a higher treatment retention rate than adalimumab. This study provides comparative data on two biological agents with different mechanisms of action, which could help guide clinical decision making in the management of patients with psoriatic arthritis. FUNDING: Novartis Pharma.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Adalimumab/administração & dosagem , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
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