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1.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5781-5787, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570482

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is established in the treatment of ductal pancreatic adenocarcinoma for downsizing borderline-resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC) and may affect nodal positivity and rates of R0 resection. This study aimed to identify the impact of NAC on postoperative histopathological parameters with a prognostic relevance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A one-to-three matched-pair analysis, including an overall total of 132 patients (25% treated with NAC and subsequent resection and 75% undergoing upfront surgery) was performed. Influence of NAC on nodal positivity, lymphatic, vascular and perineural invasion, as well as resection stage and grading, was examined. Furthermore, perioperative complications, in-hospital stay, re-admission rates, mortality, as well as preoperative body mass index and American Association of Anesthesiologist classification scores, were evaluated. RESULTS: Patients treated with NAC significantly less frequently had lymphatic tissue invasion (lymph node invasion: 51.5% vs. 72.7%; p=0.032, and lymphatic vessel invasion 9.4% vs. 55.3%; p=0.0004), whereas vascular and perineural invasion, as well as grading and resection state were not significantly different. Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 regression in correlation with nodal positivity also did not differ, and both groups showed comparable perioperative complication rates. Occurrence and severity of postoperative pancreatic fistula (18.2% vs. 24.3%; p=0.034) were significantly lower in patients who had undergone NAC. CONCLUSION: NAC significantly affects postoperative histopathological tumour stage in BRPC and appears to be a safe treatment option without increased perioperative complications, re-admission, in-hospital stay, or mortality. Further studies are mandatory to underline the suitability of NAC for ductal pancreatic adenocarcinoma subgroups in order to guide clinicians in their daily decision-making comprehensively.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígeno CA-19-9/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/terapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise por Pareamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17225, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567982

RESUMO

The present study is to analyze the difference of gene methylation in early cervical adenocarcinoma and to find molecular markers for predicting the occurrence and development of cervical adenocarcinoma.A total of 15 cases of primary cervical adenocarcinoma and 10 cases of primary cervical squamous cell carcinoma at stages IB1 or IIA1 were included in the study. Infinium MethylationEPIC BeadChip (850K) was used to screen specifically expressed genes in cervical adenocarcinoma tissues. Bisulfite sequencing polymerase chain reaction (BSP) and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were used to verify the methylation levels in cervical adenocarcinoma, cervical squamous cell carcinoma, and normal cervical tissues.Sex determining region Y-box 1 (SOX1) and cyclin D1 (CCND1) genes participated in multiple signaling pathways, being the central nodes of gene regulatory networks. SOX1 gene, but not CCND1 gene, was a specifically methylated gene in cervical adenocarcinoma according to BSP. According to qRT-PCR, methylation level of SOX1 in cervical adenocarcinoma tissues is significantly different from that in cervical squamous cell carcinoma tissues or normal cervical tissues, and the methylation level of CCND1 in cervical adenocarcinoma tissues or cervical squamous cell carcinoma tissues is significantly different from that in normal cervical tissues.The present study demonstrates that tumor-suppressor gene SOX1 is a methylation-specific expression gene of cervical adenocarcinoma and is expected to become a specific molecular marker for the diagnosis of cervical adenocarcinoma. However, CCND1 gene was not proven to be a specific methylation expression gene in cervical adenocarcinoma in the present study.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Ciclina D1/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
3.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 4947-4955, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Insulin-like growth factor II mRNA-binding protein 3 (IMP3) plays an important role in the adhesion, invasion, and metastasis of tumor cells. Although emerging evidence suggests that IMP3 promotes tumor progression in several malignancies, the expression of IMP3 and its prognostic implication in adenocarcinoma of the ampulla of Vater (AVAC) has not been clarified to date. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The IMP3 expression status in 87 AVAC tissues was examined using immunostaining, and its association with various clinicopathological features and outcome of patients with AVAC was investigated. RESULTS: The vast majority (87.4%) of AVAC cases displayed at least focal cytoplasmic and membranous IMP3 immunoreactivity in tumor cells, whereas IMP3 expression was consistently absent from normal biliary epithelial cells. Tumor-specific IMP3 expression was associated with submucosal and pancreatic invasion, which were not identified in the corresponding hematoxylin and eosin-stained slides. This finding led to up-staging of the pathological tumor stage in two cases of well-differentiated AVAC. In addition, high IMP3 expression was significantly associated with a poorly differentiated histology (p=0.026). Survival analyses revealed that high IMP3 expression independently predicted shorter recurrence-free (p=0.003) and overall (p=0.029) survival. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated tumor-specific IMP3 expression in AVAC, which will be helpful in determining invasion depth and tumor extent in patients with well-differentiated tumors, as well as indicating worse survival of patients with AVAC. Our data highlight IMP3 expression status as a potential diagnostic and prognostic marker for AVAC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Ampola Hepatopancreática/patologia , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco/genética , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco/mortalidade , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Carga Tumoral
4.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(10): 2573-2582, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385027

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Invasive stratified mucin-producing carcinoma (i-SMILE) represents a recently recognized subtype of cervical adenocarcinoma (AC) developing in a background of a stratified mucin-producing intraepithelial lesion (SMILE). Clinical and prognostic data on i-SMILE are limited. METHODS: We report a series of five cases with histopathological, immunohistochemical (p16) and PCR analyses. The cases as well as the patients previously published in the literature were reviewed for follow-up information. RESULTS: Thirteen cases were identified. The mean age of 47.1 years (range 34-66) was not different from the usual type of cervical AC. 10/13 cases presented with tumors > 2 cm and a polypoid-exophytic appearance. Regardless of tumor size and stage of the disease, 7 out of 11 patients developed recurrent disease after a mean of 7.8 months (range 6 weeks-36 months). Five patients developed distant metastases (three of them in the lungs). Five out of the 11 informative cases died of the disease. All reported cases were positive for high-risk HPV (mainly HPV type 18) and associated with p16-overexpression. CONCLUSION: i-SMILE represent a distinct subtype of invasive endocervical AC, associated high-risk HPV infection and strong p16-overexpression. Clinically, i-SMILE may represent an aggressive tumor with early recurrent disease and substantial risk of distant metastatic disease, especially to the lungs.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Mucinas/biossíntese , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Biópsia , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
5.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(10): 2481-2493, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31451931

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAC) represents one of the most fatal types of cancer with an exceptionally poor prognosis, underscoring the need for improved diagnostic and treatment approaches. An over-expression of somatostatin receptors (SST) as well as of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 has been shown for many tumour entities. Respective expression data for PAC, however, are scarce and contradictory. METHODS: Overall, 137 tumour samples from 70 patients, 26 of whom were diagnosed with PAC and 44 with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumour (PanNET), were compared in terms of SST and CXCR4 expression by immunohistochemical analysis using well-characterized rabbit monoclonal antibodies. RESULTS: Only SST1 and CXCR4 expression was detected in PAC tumours, with SST1 present in 42.3% and CXCR4 in 7.7% of cases. However, the overall staining intensity was very weak. In contrast to the tumour cells, in many PAC cases, tumour capillaries exhibited strong SST3, SST5, or CXCR4 expression. In PanNETs, SST2 was the most-prominently expressed receptor, observed in 75.0% of the tumours at medium-strong intensity. SST5, SST1, and CXCR4 expression was detected in 20.5%, 15.9%, and 11.4% of PanNET cases, respectively, but the staining intensity was only weak. SST2 positivity in PanNET, but not in PAC, was associated with favourable patient outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: SST or CXCR4 expression in PAC is clearly of no therapeutic relevance. However, indirect targeting of these tumours via SST3, SST5, or CXCR4 on tumour microvessels may represent a promising additional therapeutic strategy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Intestinais/genética , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Receptores CXCR4/genética , Somatostatina/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias Intestinais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Intestinais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Intestinais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/metabolismo , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/mortalidade , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Receptores CXCR4/metabolismo , Somatostatina/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
6.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(9): 2285-2292, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31372722

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The cell adhesion molecule close homologue of L1 (CHL1) is a potential tumour suppressor and was recently detected in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) specimens. The expression pattern, prognostic, and functional role of CHL1 in NSCLCs is unknown. METHODS: We evaluated the protein expression of CHL1 by immunohistochemistry in 2161 NSCLC patients based on a tissue microarray. The results were correlated with clinical, histopathological, and patient survival data (Chi square test, t test, and log-rank test, respectively). A multivariate analysis (Cox regression) was performed to validate its impact on patients' survival. RESULTS: CHL1 was expressed in NSCLC patients and was significantly overexpressed in lung adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas compared to neuroendocrine and large cell carcinomas of the lung (p < 0.001). CHL1 expression was associated with the T stage in adenocarcinomas (p = 0.011) and with metastatic lymph node status and UICC stage in squamous cell carcinomas (p = 0.034 and p = 0.035, respectively). Increased CHL1 expression was associated with improved survival in univariate (p = 0.031) and multivariate analyses (odds ratio 0.797, 95% confidence interval 0.677-0.939, p = 0.007). CONCLUSION: The prognostic significance of CHL1 makes it a potential prognostic and therapeutic target and underlines its role as a tumour suppressor. Further validation studies and functional analyses are needed to investigate its potential role in tumourigenesis and dissemination.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Análise Serial de Tecidos
7.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(9): 2227-2240, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317325

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) is associated with epigenetic gene silencing and aggressiveness in many tumor types. However, the prognostic impact of high EZH2 expression is controversially discussed for colorectal cancer. For this reason, we immunohistochemically analyzed EZH2 expression in 105 specimens from colon cancer patients separately for tumor center and invasion front. METHODS: All sections from tissue microarrays were evaluated manually and digitally using Definiens Tissue Studio software (TSS). To mirror-image the EZH2 status at the tumor invasion front, we treated HCT116 colon cancer cells with the EZH2 inhibitor 3-Deazaneplanocin A (DZNep) and studied the growth of in ovo xenografts in the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay. RESULTS: We showed a significant decrease in EZH2 expression and the repressive H3K27me3 code at the tumor invasion front as supported by the TSS-constructed heatmaps. Loss of EZH2 at tumor invasion front, but not in tumor center was correlated with unfavorable prognosis and more advanced tumor stages. The observed cell cycle arrest in vitro and in vivo was associated with higher tumor aggressiveness. Xenografts formed by DZNep-treated HCT116 cells showed loosely packed tumor masses, infiltrative growth into the CAM, and high vessel density. CONCLUSION: The differences in EZH2 expression between tumor center and invasion front as well as different scoring and cutoff values can most likely explain controversial literature data concerning the prognostic value of EZH2. Epigenetic therapies using EZH2 inhibitors have to be carefully evaluated for each specific tumor type, since alterations in cell differentiation might lead to unfavorable results.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/metabolismo , Margens de Excisão , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Embrião de Galinha , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise Serial de Tecidos
8.
Anticancer Res ; 39(7): 3609-3614, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The novel cytidine analog RX-3117, which is activated by uridine-cytidine kinase 2 (UCK2), shows encouraging activity in pancreatic and bladder cancer Phase IIa studies. In this study we highlight the potential role of UCK2 as a biomarker for selecting patients for RX-3117 treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The online genomics analysis and visualization platform, R2, developed by the Oncogenomics department at the AMC (Amsterdam, The Netherlands) was used for in silico UCK2-mRNA correlation with overall survival of pancreatic cancer patients, while UCK2 protein expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry on pancreatic tumor formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded sections from independent pancreatic cancer patients. mRNA expression was also determined for SUIT-2, PANC-1 and PDAC-3. Lastly, the drug sensitivity to RX-3117 was investigated using the Sulforhodamine-B cytotoxicity assay. RESULTS: The in silico data showed that a high UCK2-mRNA expression was correlated with a shorter overall survival in pancreatic cancer patients. Moreover, UCK2 protein expression was high in 21/25 patients, showing a significantly shorter mean. Overall Survival (8.4 versus 34.3 months, p=0.045). Sensitivity to RX-3117 varied between 0.6 and 11 µM. CONCLUSION: Pancreatic cancer cells are sensitive to pharmacologically achievable RX-3117 concentrations and UCK2 might be exploited as a biomarker for patient treatment selection.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Citidina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Uridina Quinase/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Citidina/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Uridina Quinase/genética
9.
Anticancer Res ; 39(7): 3621-3631, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262888

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Cetrimonium bromide (CTAB), a quaternary ammonium surfactant, is an antiseptic agent against bacteria and fungi. However, the mechanisms by which its pharmacological actions affect epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, such as adenocarcinoma in SK-HEP-1 cells, have not been investigated. We, thereby, investigated whether CTAB inhibits cellular mobility and invasiveness of human hepatic adenocarcinoma in SK-HEP-1 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SK-HEP-1 cells were treated with CTAB, and subsequent migration and invasion were measured by wound healing and transwell assays. Protein expression was detected by immunoblotting analysis. RESULTS: Our data revealed that treatment of SK-HEP-1 cells with CTAB altered their mesenchymal spindle-like morphology. CTAB exerted inhibitory effects on the migration and invasion of SK-HEP-1 cells dose-dependently, and reduced protein levels of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), MMP-9, snail, slug, twist, vimentin, fibronectin, N-cadherin, Smad2, Smad3, Smad4, phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K), p-PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, ß-catenin, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), p-mTOR, p-p70S6K, p-extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK)1/2, p-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and p-c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), but increased protein levels of tissue inhibitor matrix metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), TIMP-2, claudin-1 and p-GSK3ß. Based on these observations, we suggest that CTAB not only inhibits the canonical transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) signaling pathway though reducing SMADs (an acronym from the fusion of Caenorhabditis elegans Sma genes and the Drosophila Mad, Mothers against decapentaplegic proteins), but also restrains the non-canonical TGF-ß signaling including MAPK pathways like ERK1/2, p38 MAPK, JNK and PI3K. CONCLUSION: CTAB is involved in the suppression of TGF-ß-mediated mesenchymal phenotype and could be a potent medical agent for use in controlling the migration and invasion of hepatic adenocarcinoma.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cetrimônio/farmacologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Invasividade Neoplásica , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
Anticancer Res ; 39(7): 3739-3744, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Cancer incidence and mortalities are growing worldwide, therefore research and development of more effective and less invasive treatments, such as photodynamic therapy, are needed. Herein, we investigated the methylene blue (MB) photoactivation effects in lung epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) and lung adenocarcinoma cells (H-441). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by the laser photoactivation of MB in aqueous solutions and cell cultures were measured with probes, and the cell viability was evaluated with a colorimetric assay. RESULTS: MB up to 31.26 µM did not induce detectable effects in BEAS-2B cells. However, H-441 cells presented adverse effects below that concentration in the same range of fluencies studied. These results are in concordance with the ROS production in H-441 cells, while in BEAS-2B cells the production of ROS was less significant compared to the control. CONCLUSION: Photoactivation of MB at concentrations below 31.26 µM could be used for the selective treatment of H-441 cells over non-cancer cells.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Luz , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Azul de Metileno/farmacologia , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e16207, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261569

RESUMO

The cell-surface glycoprotein, mesothelin, is normally present on mesothelial cells. Overexpression of mesothelin has been reported in many tumors and is correlated with poor outcome. We investigated the clinicopathologic significance of mesothelin expression in colorectal adenocarcinoma with microsatellites instability (MSI) status.Mesothelin expression was evaluated immunohistochemically in tissue microarray blocks from 390 colorectal adenocarcinoma samples. Mesothelin expression was interpreted according to the intensity and extent. A score of 2 was considered high expression. We analyzed the correlation between mesothelin expression and clinicopathologic characteristics.High mesothelin expression was observed in 177 (45.4%) out of 390 colorectal adenocarcinoma samples and was significantly associated with high histologic grade (P = .037), lymphatic invasion (P = .028), lymph node metastasis (P = .028), and high AJCC stage (P = .026). Kaplan-Meier survival curves revealed no significant difference between patients with high mesothelin expression and patients with low mesothelin expression in both recurrence-free survival (RFS) and cancer-specific survival (P = .609 and P = .167, respectively). In subgroup survival analyses, high mesothelin expression was associated with poor RFS in the MSI-High group of colorectal adenocarcinoma (P = .004).High mesothelin expression was significantly associated with aggressive phenotypes and poor patient outcome in MSI-High colorectal adenocarcinoma.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/metabolismo , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Análise Serial de Tecidos
12.
Cancer Sci ; 110(8): 2408-2420, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215094

RESUMO

Esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCCs) as well as adenocarcinomas (EACs) were developed in rat duodenal contents reflux models (reflux model). The present study aimed to shed light on the mechanism by which bile acid stimulation causes cancer onset and progression. Metabolomics analyses were performed on samples of neoplastic and nonneoplastic tissues from reflux models, and K14D, cultivated from a nonmetastatic, primary ESCC, and ESCC-DR, established from a metastatic thoracic lesion. ESCC-DRtca2M was prepared by treating ESCC-DR cells with taurocholic acid (TCA) to accelerate cancer progression. The lines were subjected to comprehensive genomic analyses. In addition, protein expression levels of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) (p65) and O-linked N-Acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) were compared among lines. Cancers developed in the reflux models exhibited greater hexosamine biosynthesis pathway (HBP) activation compared with the nonneoplastic tissues. Expression of O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) increased considerably in both ESCC and EAC compared with nonneoplastic squamous epithelium. Conversely, cell line-based experiments revealed the greater activation of the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) at higher degrees of malignancy. G6PD overexpression in response to TCA exposure was observed. Both NF-κB (p65) and O-GlcNAc were expressed more highly in ESCC-DRtca2M than in the other cell lines. Moreover, ESCC-DRtca2M cells had additional chromosomal abnormalities in excess of ESCC-DR cells. Overall, glucose metabolism was upregulated in both esophageal cancer tissue and cell lines. While bile acids are not mutagenic, chronic exposure seems to trigger NF-κB(p65) activation, potentially inducing genetic mutations as well as facilitating carcinogenesis and cancer progression. Glucose metabolism was upregulated in both esophageal cancer tissue and cell lines, and the HBP was activated in the former. The cell line-based experiments demonstrated upregulation of the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) at higher degrees of malignancy. While bile acids are not mutagenic, chronic exposure seems to trigger G6PD overexpression and NF-κB (p65) activation, potentially inducing genetic mutations as well as facilitating carcinogenesis and cancer progression.


Assuntos
Ácidos e Sais Biliares/metabolismo , Vias Biossintéticas/fisiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/metabolismo , Hexosaminas/metabolismo , Via de Pentose Fosfato/fisiologia , Acetilglucosamina/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Glucose/análogos & derivados , Glucose/metabolismo , Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Lisina/análogos & derivados , Lisina/metabolismo , Masculino , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Regulação para Cima/fisiologia
13.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(8): 2039-2044, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197453

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The heterotrimeric Sec61α translocon complex is topological located in the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and allows protein transport and calcium across the membrane. Recently, aberrant expression of Sec proteins was linked to carcinogenesis and prognosis of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Here, we analysed the role of Sec61α in esophageal cancer, and we analysed Sec61α staining on a tissue microarray containing more than 600 esophageal cancer specimens by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Sec61α staining was always strong in benign esophagus, but was only found in 5% of interpretable esophageal adenocarcinomas (EACs) and 14.5% of squamous cell carcinomas (ESCCs). Reduced Sec61α staining was not strongly linked to tumor phenotype in both subgroups of esophageal cancers and was unrelated to clinical outcome of patients (EACs: p = 0.8051 and ESCCs: p = 0.2751). CONCLUSIONS: Thus, Sec61α measurement has not an additional prognostic benefit for the patients.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/metabolismo , Canais de Translocação SEC/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Análise Serial de Tecidos
14.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 151, 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31242894

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Costunolide, a sesquiterpene lactone extracted from Radix Aucklandiae, has the activity against multiple cancers. However, the effect of costunolide on gastric cancer (GC) have remained to be ambiguous. In this study, we investigated the underlying mechanisms of apoptosis induced by costunolide in human gastric adenocarcinoma BGC-823 cells in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: The viability of BGC-823 cells was detected by MTT assay. The apoptosis and mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) of BGC-823 cells induced by costunolide were analyzed by flow cytometry. The inhibiton of costunolide on human gastric adenocarcinoma was estimated in xenografts in nude mice. Apoptosis related proteins and genes were detected by Western blot and Q-PCR. RESULTS: Costunolide inhibited the viability of BGC-823 cells in a time and concentration dependent manner. Costunolide induced the apoptosis and lowered the ΔΨm of BGC-823 cells significantly. Costunolide increased the expression of Bax, cleaved caspase 9, cleaved caspase 7, cleaved caspase 3 and cleaved poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) proteins and decreased the expression of Bcl-2, pro-caspase 9, pro-caspase 7, pro-caspase 3 and PARP proteins. Costunolide upregulated the expression of puma, Bak1 and Bax mRNA and downregulated the expression of Bcl-2 mRNA. In addition, we demonstrated that costunolide inhibited the growth and induced apoptosis of BGC-823 cells xenografted in athymic nude mice. Costunolide increased the expression of cleaved caspase 9, cleaved caspase 3 and Bax proteins and decreased the expression of Bcl-2 protein in xenografted tumor. Costunolide upregulated the expression of puma and Bax mRNA and decreased the expression of Bcl-2 mRNA in xenografted tumor. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, our results suggested that costunolide induced mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in human gastric adenocarcinoma BGC-823 cells and could be the candidate drug against GC in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Sesquiterpenos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/fisiopatologia , Animais , Caspases/genética , Caspases/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/genética , Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/fisiopatologia
15.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 456, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Purpose of this study was to analyze whether preoperative maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) levels might provide prognostic information in Chinese patients with pancreatic duct adenocarcinoma (PDAC) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: Standard PD was performed on 109 patients with PDAC by the same operative team, and all patients received preoperative positron emission tomography/computed tomography examination and blood test. RESULTS: Patients had a mean age of 59 ± 9.35 years. Females accounted for 38.5%. Mean levels of SUVmax, carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) and CA19-9 were 5.70 ± 2.76, 3.95 ± 4.16ng/mL and 321.62 ± 780.71kU/L. In univariate Logistic regression analysis, preoperative SUVmax, CEA and CA19-9 levels (p < 0.05 for all) rather than other preoperative variables (p > 0.05 for all) were significantly related to AJCC stages. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative SUVmax and CA19-9 levels (p < 0.05 for all) rather than other preoperative variables (p > 0.05 for all) were significantly associated with AJCC stages. Mean overall survival (OS) was 21 ± 14.50 months. In univariate Cox regression analysis, age, SUVmax, CEA and CA19-9 levels before operation (p < 0.05 for all) rather than other preoperative variables (p > 0.05 for all) were significantly related to OS. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that age, SUVmax and CA19-9 levels before operation (p < 0.05 for all) rather than other preoperative variables (p > 0.05 for all) were significantly associated with OS. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that preoperative SUVmax and CA19-9 levels independently predicted pathological stages and OS of patients with PDAC after PD. These preoperative variables might have significant prognostic implication in patients with PDAC after PD. Patients with abnormal SUVmax and CA19-9 levels should be paid special attention to in operative strategy and perioperative management.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Antígeno CA-19-9/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida
16.
Int J Oncol ; 54(6): 2080-2094, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31081059

RESUMO

Amine oxidases, which contribute to the regulation of polyamine levels, catalyze the oxidative deamination of polyamines to generate H2O2 and aldehyde(s). In this study, and at least to the best of our knowledge, maize polyamine oxidase (ZmPAO) was used for the first time with the aim of identifying a novel strategy for cancer therapy. The cytotoxicity and the mechanisms of cell death induced by the enzymatic oxidation products of polyamine generated by ZmPAO were investigated. Exogenous spermine and ZmPAO treatment decreased cell viability in a spermine dose­ and time­dependent manner, particularly, the viability of the multidrug­resistant (MDR) colon adenocarcinoma cells, LoVo DX, when compared with drug­sensitive ones (LoVo WT). Further analyses revealed that H2O2 derived from spermine was mainly responsible for the cytotoxicity. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that treatment with ZmPAO and spermine increased the apoptotic population of LoVo WT and LoVo DX cells. In addition, we found that treatment with ZmPAO and spermine markedly reduced mitochondrial membrane potential in the LoVo DX cells, in agreement with the results of cell viability and apoptosis assays. Transmission electron microscopic observations supported the involvement of mitochondrial depolarization in the apoptotic process. Therefore, the dysregulation of polyamine metabolism in tumor cells may be a potential therapeutic target. In addition, the development of MDR tumor cells is recognized as a major obstacle in cancer therapy. Therefore, the design of a novel therapeutic strategy based on the use of this combination may be taken into account, making this approach attractive mainly in treating MDR cancer patients.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Oxirredutases atuantes sobre Doadores de Grupo CH-NH/farmacologia , Espermina/farmacologia , Zea mays/enzimologia , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Humanos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Plantas/farmacologia , Espermidina/farmacologia , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Dis Markers ; 2019: 5451290, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093306

RESUMO

Objective: This study was aimed at investigating the prognostic significance of Baculoviral IAP repeat containing 5 (BIRC5) in lung adenocarcinoma (LAD) lacking EGFR, KRAS, and ALK mutations (triple-negative (TN) adenocarcinomas). Methods: The gene expression profiles were obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). The identification of the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) was performed by GeneSpring GX. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was used to execute gene ontology function and pathway enrichment analysis. The protein interaction network was constructed by Cytoscape. The hub genes were extracted by MCODE and cytoHubba plugin from the network. Then, using BIRC5 as a candidate, the prognostic value in LAD and TN adenocarcinomas was verified by the Kaplan-Meier plotter and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, respectively. Finally, the mechanism of BIRC5 was predicted by a coexpressed network and enrichment analysis. Results: A total of 38 upregulated genes and 121 downregulated genes were identified. 9 hub genes were extracted. Among them, the mRNA expression of 5 genes, namely, BIRC5, MCM4, CDC20, KIAA0101, and TRIP13, were significantly upregulated among TN adenocarcinomas (all P < 0.05). Notably, only the overexpression of BIRC5 was associated with unfavorable overall survival (OS) in TN adenocarcinomas (log rank P = 0.0037). TN adenocarcinoma patients in the BIRC5 high-expression group suffered from a significantly high risk of distant metastasis (P = 0.046), advanced N stage (P = 0.033), and tumor-bearing (P = 0.031) and deceased status (P = 0.003). The mechanism of BIRC5 and coexpressed genes may be linked closely with the cell cycle. Conclusion: Overexpressed in tumors, BIRC5 is associated with unfavorable overall survival in TN adenocarcinomas. BIRC5 is a potential predictor and therapeutic target in TN adenocarcinomas.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Survivina/genética , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/genética , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/metabolismo , Survivina/metabolismo
18.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 52(6): 1517-1534, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31120230

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cadmium (Cd) is a heavy metal contaminant whose toxicity is associated with colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of Cd-induced CRC malignancy remain obscure. METHODS: A monolayer scratch assay was employed to assess the migration of HT-29 human adenocarcinoma cells. Luciferase reporter assay was used to determine cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) transcriptional activity, and Western blotting was used to detect p38 Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase (MAPK) and Akt phosphorylation as well as COX-2 expression. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels were measured using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation was assessed using dihydroethidium (DHE) stain. RESULTS: Here, we show that Cd potentiates the migratory capacity of HT-29 CRC cells. Cd caused a time-dependent increase in COX-2 expression. Celecoxib, a COX-2 selective inhibitor, significantly reduced Cd-induced migration. Cd also increased levels of ROS and phosphorylated p38. Importantly, Cd-induced COX-2 expression and migration were significantly abolished by N-Acetyl-Cysteine (NAC), a ROS scavenger, or SB202190, a specific p38 inhibitor. Furthermore, Cd-induced p38 phosphorylation was inhibited by NAC. Cd (100 nM) also increased PGE2 levels, which was abrogated by NAC, SB202190, or celecoxib. Exogenous PGE2 significantly potentiated cell migration. Cd caused a significant increase in Akt phosphorylation in a ROS-mediated pathway. Moreover, Cd-induced migration was significantly attenuated by LY294 002, a phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase inhibitor. CONCLUSION: Taken together, our results suggest that exposure to low levels of Cd promotes a more migratory cancer phenotype in a ROS-p38-COX-2-PGE2 pathway as well as ROS-Akt pathway. Therefore, COX-2, PGE2 receptors or Akt represent potential targets in the treatment of CRC, particularly in patients exposed to Cd.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/induzido quimicamente , Cádmio/toxicidade , Neoplasias do Colo/induzido quimicamente , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HT29 , Humanos , Ativação Transcricional/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 4256524, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31080817

RESUMO

Background: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a main cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The relationships of the phospholipase C beta (PLCB) enzymes, which are encoded by the genes PLCB1, PLCB2, PLCB3, and PLCB4, with NSCLC have not been investigated. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to identify any correlations between NSCLC prognosis and the expression patterns of PLCB family members. Materials and Methods: The prognostic values of the PLCB gene family members in NSCLC patients were evaluated using the "Kaplan-Meier plotter" database, which includes updated gene expression data and survival information of a total of 1,926 NSCLC patients. The GeneMANIA plugin of Cytoscape software was used to evaluate the relationships of the four PLCB family members at the gene and protein levels. Gene ontology enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway analysis were performed using the Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery. Results: High mRNA expression levels of PLCB1, PLCB2, and PLCB3 were significantly associated with poor overall survival (OS) of all NSCLC patients and significantly associated with poor prognosis of adenocarcinoma. In contrast, high mRNA expression of PLCB4 was associated with better OS of adenocarcinoma patients. In addition, the expression levels of the PLCB family members were correlated to smoking status, clinical stage, and patient sex but not radiotherapy and chemotherapy outcomes. Conclusions: PLCB1, PLCB2, PLCB3, and PLCB4 appear to be potential biomarkers for the prognosis of patients with NSCLC. The prognostic values of the PLCB genes require further investigations.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Fosfolipase C beta/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
20.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 47(1): 1335-1341, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30964341

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death worldwide. Low expression of Interleukin-33 (IL-33) was reported to be associated with the progression of pulmonary adenocarcinoma. However, the IL-33-mediated immunoregulation in pulmonary adenocarcinoma remains unclear. In this study, we found that IL-33 treatment evidently repressed tumour growth, induced CD4+ T cells infiltration and IL-17 expression in pulmonary adenocarcinoma. Notably, IL-33 treatment increased the number of Dendritic Cells (DCs) in pulmonary adenocarcinoma. More importantly, IL-33 induced maturation and regulated the function of DCs by increasing expression of DCs mature markers (CD40 and CD80, CD86) DCs-function-related gene including antigen presentation genes (HLA-DMA, HLA-DMB and CD74) and cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF). Mechanistic studies demonstrated that IL-33 treatment induced DCs maturation by upregulating CYLD expression in DCs. In addition, CYLD played an important role in DCs-induced T cell proliferation and IL-17 secretion. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that IL-33 mediated immunoregulation in pulmonary adenocarcinoma by improving DC-induced T cell proliferation by upregulating CYLD expression.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Enzima Desubiquitinante CYLD/genética , Interleucina-33/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Regulação para Cima/imunologia , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Animais , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/citologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Camundongos , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
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