Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 12.086
Filtrar
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18479, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895780

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Periorbital metastasis of colorectal cancer is rare. Therefore, herein, we report a patient with rectal cancer who presented with periorbital metastasis without any systemic metastasis. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a 57-year-old man who had a painless nodule on his left eyelid. DIAGNOSIS: The patient presented with loose and frequent stools and was diagnosed with rectal adenocarcinoma via colonoscopic biopsy at the local clinic. Curative resection (low anterior resection with temporary ileostomy formation) was performed 4 weeks after completing chemoradiotherapy. The final TNM stage was yp stage T2N0M0. Eight months after the diagnosis of rectal cancer, a protruding lesion was noticed on the patient's left eyelid. Histologic evaluation of the nodule revealed metastatic adenocarcinoma of rectal cancer. INTERVENTIONS: The patient received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and curative resection for rectal cancer. After excision of the periorbital nodule, he received 5 cycles of chemotherapy. OUTCOMES: The patient underwent regular follow-up because he was not able to endure chemotherapy; no recurrence has been observed 21 months after the diagnosis of rectal cancer. Histologic examination revealed metastatic adenocarcinoma of rectal cancer on the patient's left eyelid. However, consecutive imaging studies revealed no other metastatic lesions. Finally, the patient was diagnosed with a solitary periorbital metastasis of rectal cancer. CONCLUSION: This case report helps in understanding the course of progression from rectal cancer to periorbital metastasis.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias Orbitárias/secundário , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Orbitárias/patologia , Neoplasias Orbitárias/terapia , Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Retais/terapia
3.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 106(1): 124-133, 2020 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494181

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Preoperative therapy in borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC) is intended to increase R0 resection rates. An optimal approach in BRPC is yet to be defined. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with BRPC, confirmed adenocarcinoma, performance status ≤1, and adequate organ function enrolled in a single-institution, phase 2 trial. Patients received FOLFIRINOX × 6 cycles, then radiation therapy (50 Gy in 25 fractions) concurrent with fixed-dose rate gemcitabine (1 g/m2 over 100 minutes) followed by 2 additional gemcitabine infusions. Computed tomography scans were performed at 2-month intervals during treatment. Patients without distant disease were offered surgical exploration. The primary objective was R0 resection rate with an alternate hypothesis of 55%. Secondary objectives included median progression-free survival (PFS), median overall survival (OS), response rate, and safety. The trial registration number is NCT01661088. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients with median age of 60 years (range, 47-77 years) enrolled from November 2011 through January 2017. Twenty-one (84%) completed FOLFIRINOX and 19 (76%) completed all protocol therapy. Treatment-related grade 3 to 4 toxicities included neutropenia (40%), nausea and vomiting (28%), diarrhea (16%), and fatigue (12%). Eighteen patients (72%) underwent laparotomy, 13 (52%) were resected (all R0). The median PFS and OS in 25 patients were 13.1 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 7.3-24.7) and 24.4 months (95% CI, 12.6-40.0), respectively. For resected patients, median PFS was 21.6 months (95% CI, 8.2-37.1) and OS was 37.1 months (95% CI, 15.4-not reached). CONCLUSIONS: Neoadjuvant therapy with FOLFIRINOX, followed by intensity modulated radiation therapy concurrent with fixed-dose-rate gemcitabine in BRPC is feasible and tolerated. Although the alternate hypothesis was not met, the OS of the resected cohort was favorable.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Antígeno CA-19-9/metabolismo , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Fracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/efeitos adversos , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/efeitos adversos
4.
Anticancer Res ; 39(12): 6781-6786, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Patients affected with Stage IV colorectal cancer and unresectable metastases represent a heterogeneous group. Resection of the primary tumor or stent positioning followed by chemotherapy and/or targeted therapies still represent a difficult choice for surgeons. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From February 2013 to September 2019, 46 patients were enrolled into a prospective randomized open label parallel trial presenting with Stage IVA and IVB rectal cancer, unresectable metastases and symptoms of subacute large bowel obstruction. Our population was divided into two groups: Group 1 included 20 patients who underwent placement of a self-expandable metal stent and Group 2 included 26 patients in whom primary tumor resection was performed. RESULTS: One-year actuarial survival rate of Group 1 was significantly lower compared to Group 2. Overall 17 patients had survival longer than 1-year (3 in Group 1 and 14 in Group 2). Cox regression analysis showed that endoscopic stent positioning and the suspension of the chemotherapy because of deterioration of liver function tests were the two most important factors negatively influencing survival. CONCLUSION: Patients affected with stage IVA and IVB rectal cancer and symptoms of bowel obstruction had a significant longer survival rate when submitted to surgical rectal resection followed by chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Obstrução Intestinal/terapia , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Stents Metálicos Autoexpansíveis , Adenocarcinoma/complicações , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Camptotecina/administração & dosagem , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia , Obstrução Intestinal/mortalidade , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias Retais/complicações , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
5.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 54(12): 954-958, 2019 Dec 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887827

RESUMO

For a long time, the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric thyroid nodules and cancer (PTNC) are mainly referred to adults. In recent years, it has been found that there are great differences between PTNC and TNC in adults. In 2015, the American Thyroid Association released the first Management Guidelines for Children with Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer. In the guidelines, the characteristics of PTNC were described, and clear management strategies were provided. In this paper, we mainly interpret the surgical part of the guidelines and also review the associated research progress in recent years.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Criança , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/terapia , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/terapia , Estados Unidos
6.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6193-6196, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) is a tumor marker for pancreatic cancer. Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is an experimental treatment modality for pancreatic cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether percutaneous IRE lowers the CA19-9 level in pancreatic cancer and whether this correlates with improved overall survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-one patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer or local recurrence after resection were treated. Patients with missing data, metastatic disease and normal serum CA19-9 before IRE were excluded. This left 35 cases for analysis. RESULTS: The median CA19-9 did not decrease in the cohort after IRE treatment (282 U/ml before versus 315 U/ml after; p=0.80). The 25th percentile of patients with the best CA19-9 response had improved overall survival compared to the 25th percentile with the worst response (mean 13.1 versus 8.1 months, respectively; p=0.01). CONCLUSION: IRE did not lower the level of CA19-9 in pancreatic cancer cases. However, a response in CA19-9 was correlated with improved survival.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Antígeno CA-19-9/sangue , Eletroporação/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/sangue , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
7.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(10): 1295-1299, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721962

RESUMO

AIM: To examine the relationship between treatment response and hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) levels in patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who received chemoradiotherapy (CRT). METHODS: Eighty patients with NSCLC were included in the study and treated at Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University Medical Faculty. HIF-1 α levels were measured before and after CRT by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. RESULTS: Patients' stages were as follows; stage IIIA (65%) and stage IIIB (35%). Squamous histology was 45%, adenocarcinoma was 44%, and others were 11%. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy were given concurrently to 80 patients. Forty-five (56%) patients received cisplatin-based chemotherapy, and 35 (44%) received carboplatin-based chemotherapy. Serum HIF-1α levels (42.90 ± 10.55 pg/mL) after CRT were significantly lower than the pretreatment levels (63.10 ± 10.22 pg/mL, p<0.001) in patients with locally advanced NSCLC. CONCLUSION: The results of this study revealed that serum HIF-1α levels decreased after CRT. Decrease of HIF-1α levels after the initiation of CRT may be useful for predicting the efficacy of CRT.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 62(12): 1448-1457, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of adenocarcinoma of the anus can be challenging because there are few data on outcomes and trends in its treatment to date. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare and analyze the patterns of care and survival outcomes of patients with anal squamous cell carcinoma and anal adenocarcinoma. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study. SETTING: This study was performed by utilizing the National Cancer Database. PATIENTS: We selected a total of 19,539 patients between 2004 and 2014 with stage II to III squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma of the anus. INTERVENTION: The treatment groups analyzed were surgery alone, neoadjuvant chemoradiation followed by surgery, surgery followed by adjuvant chemoradiation, or definitive chemoradiation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patient- and clinical-related factors were compared between the 2 groups. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to assess overall survival. RESULTS: Of the patients studied, 18,346 (93.9%) had primary squamous cell carcinoma and 1193 (6.1%) had primary adenocarcinoma of the anus. The 5-year overall survival for stage II squamous cell carcinoma was 69.2%, and, for stage II adenocarcinoma, 5-year overall survival was 54.2% (p < 0.001). The 5-year overall survival for stage III squamous cell carcinoma was 55.2%, and, for stage III adenocarcinoma, 5-year overall survival was 32.9% (p < 0.001). On multivariable Cox regression, treatment with chemoradiation alone (HR, 0.67; p = 0.008) was associated with improved survival in squamous cell carcinoma. For the adenocarcinoma group, stage III disease (HR, 2.26; p < 0.001) and high tumor grade (HR, 1.59; p < 0.011) had a negative impact on survival, but there were no differences in survival based on the type of treatment received. LIMITATIONS: The National Cancer Database does not include information on specific chemotherapeutic or immunotherapy agents given to patients, nor does it provide the exact cause of death. CONCLUSIONS: Anal adenocarcinoma in comparison to anal squamous cell carcinoma had a lower 5-year overall survival stage for stage. Anal adenocarcinoma appears to be treated similarly to the rectal cancer paradigm, with frequent use of neoadjuvant chemoradiation. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B50. PATRONES DE EL CUIDADO Y COMPARACIÓN DE RESULTADOS ENTRE EL CARCINOMA DE CÉLULAS ESCAMOSAS ANAL PRIMARIO Y EL ADENOCARCINOMA ANAL: El tratamiento del adenocarcinoma del ano puede ser un desafío ya que hasta la fecha, hay pocos datos sobre los resultados y las tendencias en su tratamiento.Comparar y analizar los patrones de el cuidado y resultados de supervivencia de pacientes con carcinoma anal de células escamosas y adenocarcinoma anal.Este fue un estudio retrospectivo.Este estudio se realizó utilizando la Base de Datos Nacional de Cancer (National Cancer Database, NCB).Seleccionamos un total de 19,539 pacientes entre el 2004-2014 con carcinoma de células escamosas en estadio II-III o adenocarcinoma del ano.Los grupos de tratamiento analizados fueron solo cirugía, quimiorradiación neoadyuvante seguida por cirugía, cirugía seguida por quimiorradiación adyuvante o quimiorradiación definitiva.Se compararon los factores clínicos y de pacientes entre los dos grupos. Se utilizaron modelos de regresión de riesgos proporcionales de Kaplan-Meier y Cox para evaluar la supervivencia general.18,346 (93.9%) tenían carcinoma primario de células escamosas y 1,193 (6.1%) tenían adenocarcinoma primario del ano. La supervivencia global a 5 años para el carcinoma de células escamosas en estadio II fue del 69.2% y para el adenocarcinoma en estadio II fue del 54.2% (p < 0.001). La supervivencia global a cinco años para el carcinoma de células escamosas en estadio III fue del 55.2% y para el adenocarcinoma en estadio III fue del 32.9% (p < 0.001). En la regresión de Cox multivariable, el tratamiento con quimiorradiación sola (proporción de riesgo 0.67, p = 0.008) se asoció con una mejor supervivencia en el carcinoma de células escamosas. Para el grupo de adenocarcinoma, la enfermedad en estadio III (proporción de riesgo 2.26, p < 0.001) y el alto grado tumoral (proporción de riesgo 1.59, p < 0.011) tuvieron un impacto negativo en la supervivencia, pero no hubo diferencias en la supervivencia según el tipo de tratamiento recibido.La Base de Datos Nacional de Cancer no incluye información sobre agentes quimioterapéuticos o de inmunoterapia específicos que se administran a los pacientes, ni proporciona la causa exacta de la muerte.El adenocarcinoma anal en comparación con el carcinoma anal de células escamosas tuvo una supervivencia general inferior a 5 años, etapa por etapa. El adenocarcinoma anal parece tratarse de manera similar al paradigma del cáncer rectal, con el uso frecuente de quimiorradiación neoadyuvante. Vea el video del resumen en http://links.lww.com/DCR/B50.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Neoplasias do Ânus/terapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias do Ânus/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Quimiorradioterapia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(8): 1420-1426, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Management of recurrence following liver resection for colorectal cancer metastases is a topic of debate. We determined risk factors for survival following recurrence after liver resection. METHODS: Long-term follow-up of patients in the PETCAM trial who had recurrence following liver resection. Risk groups were created according to their survival risk. Differences in overall survival (OS) between groups were estimated. Disease-free survival (DFS), patterns of disease recurrence and management were determined. Cox proportional hazard models, Kaplan-Meier method, and the log-rank test were used. RESULTS: Among 368 patients who underwent liver resection, 264 (72%) experienced disease recurrence (51% lung and 41% liver). Following liver resection, DFS: 17 months (95% CI, 14-19); OS: 57 months (95% CI, 46-70). In those who recurred, 120 (45%) received chemotherapy only, and 112 (42%) underwent second surgical resection. Among patients who experienced recurrence (n = 264), the high-risk group (more than one site of recurrence or disease-free duration < 5 months and node-positive disease) had median OS: 19 months (95% CI, 15-23) vs 36 months (95% CI, 30-48) for patients in the low-risk group (HR = 2.9, 95% CI, 2.2-3.9). CONCLUSION: Recurrence following liver resection is common. Following recurrence after liver resection, patients should be carefully selected for surgical re-resection based on risk factors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Reoperação , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
11.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5781-5787, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570482

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is established in the treatment of ductal pancreatic adenocarcinoma for downsizing borderline-resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC) and may affect nodal positivity and rates of R0 resection. This study aimed to identify the impact of NAC on postoperative histopathological parameters with a prognostic relevance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A one-to-three matched-pair analysis, including an overall total of 132 patients (25% treated with NAC and subsequent resection and 75% undergoing upfront surgery) was performed. Influence of NAC on nodal positivity, lymphatic, vascular and perineural invasion, as well as resection stage and grading, was examined. Furthermore, perioperative complications, in-hospital stay, re-admission rates, mortality, as well as preoperative body mass index and American Association of Anesthesiologist classification scores, were evaluated. RESULTS: Patients treated with NAC significantly less frequently had lymphatic tissue invasion (lymph node invasion: 51.5% vs. 72.7%; p=0.032, and lymphatic vessel invasion 9.4% vs. 55.3%; p=0.0004), whereas vascular and perineural invasion, as well as grading and resection state were not significantly different. Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 regression in correlation with nodal positivity also did not differ, and both groups showed comparable perioperative complication rates. Occurrence and severity of postoperative pancreatic fistula (18.2% vs. 24.3%; p=0.034) were significantly lower in patients who had undergone NAC. CONCLUSION: NAC significantly affects postoperative histopathological tumour stage in BRPC and appears to be a safe treatment option without increased perioperative complications, re-admission, in-hospital stay, or mortality. Further studies are mandatory to underline the suitability of NAC for ductal pancreatic adenocarcinoma subgroups in order to guide clinicians in their daily decision-making comprehensively.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígeno CA-19-9/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/terapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise por Pareamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 62(11): 1336-1343, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgery remains the standard of care in rectal cancer. Select patients will not undergo surgery for reasons such as medical inoperability or a watch-and-wait approach and instead are managed with definitive chemoradiation. OBJECTIVE: We used the National Cancer Database to identify overall survival and predictors thereof in the nonoperative management of patients with rectal cancer. DESIGN: This was a retrospective review. SETTINGS: This study used deidentified data from the National Cancer Database. PATIENTS: We queried the national cancer database from 2004 to 2014 for stage 1 to 3 rectal adenocarcinoma treated with only chemotherapy and radiation to definitive doses. Dose escalated therapy was defined as >54 Gy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to identify sociodemographic, treatment, and tumor characteristics predictive of dose escalation and overall survival. Propensity-adjusted Cox proportional hazard ratios for survival were used to account for indication bias. RESULTS: Among the 6311 patients eligible for the study, 11% were treated with doses >54 Gy. Earlier stage and increased age/comorbidity patients were more likely to receive dose escalation, and patients with more recent treatment and treatment at an academic facility were less likely. The median follow-up time was 31 months (range, 2-154 mo). Three- and 5-year overall survival rates for all patients were 60% and 46%. Patients treated with dose escalation had a median survival of 33 months compared with 56 months for those treated with ≤54 Gy (p < 0.0001). LIMITATIONS: The main limitation is the inherent selection bias present in National Cancer Database studies. Important treatment details and outcomes as they relate to a definitive chemoradiation approach in rectal cancer are lacking. Salvage therapy was also not recorded, which in this population could be surgery. CONCLUSIONS: In this analysis, dose escalation in the nonoperative management of rectal cancer was associated with a lower overall survival compared with more conventional doses. Careful patient selection and enrollment on appropriate clinical trials may be warranted in the nonoperative setting. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B15. LA QUIMIORRADIACIÓN DEFINITIVA PARA EL CÁNCER RECTAL: ¿HAY LUGAR PARA EL AUMENTO DE LA DOSIS? UN ESTUDIO DE BASE DE DATOS NACIONAL DEL CÁNCER:: La cirugía sigue siendo el estándar en el tratamiento del cáncer rectal. Algunos pacientes no son quirúrgicos por razones como, no ser operables o con el enfoque de ver y esperar, y en su lugar son tratados con la quimiorradiación definitiva.Utilizamos la base de datos nacional del cáncer para identificar la supervivencia general y los factores predictivos de la misma, en el tratamiento no quirúrgico de pacientes con cáncer rectal.Esta fue una revisión retrospectiva.Utilizamos los datos identificados en la base de datos nacional del cáncer.Se consultó la base de datos nacional del cáncer del 2004-2014, para adenocarcinoma rectal en estadio 1-3, tratada únicamente con quimioterapia y radiación hasta la dosis definitiva. La terapia de aumento de la dosis se definió como >54 Gy.Se realizaron análisis univariables y multivariables para identificar características sociodemográficas, de tratamiento y predictivas del aumento de la dosis y supervivencia en general. Los índices de riesgo proporcionales de Cox ajustados a la propensión para la supervivencia, se utilizaron para tener en cuenta el sesgo de indicación.Entre los 6311 pacientes elegibles para el estudio, el 11% fue tratado con dosis >54 Gy. Los pacientes en estadios tempranos y con mayor edad/comorbilidad, tenían más probabilidades de recibir aumento de la dosis, y menos propensos los pacientes con tratamientos recientes y de centros académicos. El tiempo medio de seguimiento fue de 31 meses (2-154 meses). Las tasas de supervivencia global de tres y cinco años para todos los pacientes, fueron respectivamente del 60% y 46%. Los pacientes tratados con aumento de la dosis, tuvieron una supervivencia media de 33 meses, en comparación con los 56 meses para los pacientes tratados con ≤54 Gy (p < 0,0001).La principal limitación es el inherente sesgo en la selección, presente en los estudios de la base de datos nacional del cáncer. Faltan los detalles importantes del tratamiento y los resultados en relación con el enfoque definitivo de quimiorradiación en cáncer rectal. Tampoco se registró la terapia de rescate, que en esta población podría ser la cirugía.En este análisis, el aumento de la dosis en el manejo no quirúrgico del cáncer rectal, se asoció con una menor supervivencia global, en comparación con la dosis más convencional. La cuidadosa selección del paciente y la inscripción en los apropiados ensayos clínicos, pueden estar justificados en el entorno no quirúrgico. Vea el Resumen del Video en http://links.lww.com/DCR/B15.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Tratamento Conservador , Neoplasias Retais , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Tratamento Conservador/estatística & dados numéricos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Seleção de Pacientes , Pennsylvania/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Conduta Expectante/métodos , Conduta Expectante/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 4589-4596, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519555

RESUMO

Despite recent advances in the treatment of gastric cancer, mortality related to this disease is still substantial. Surgery and chemotherapy represent the cornerstones of patient management. Targeted treatments that include anti-angiogenic agents and the advent of immunotherapies can contribute to improved patient prognosis. Herein, we present an Austrian consensus on the systemic treatment of patients with gastric adenocarcinoma and lower gastroesophageal junction, including those with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive disease. The consensus considers the curative setting, as well as first-line to late-line systemic treatment options in the palliative setting. For HER2-positive disease, first-line and second-line therapies are discussed, as well as HER2 testing. Potential future therapies are also listed, with a focus on anti-angiogenic treatments and checkpoint inhibition, that might provide a further step forward in the management of patients with gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Algoritmos , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/etiologia , Áustria , Terapia Combinada , Consenso , Gerenciamento Clínico , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/etiologia
14.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 68(10): 1597-1603, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the promise of immunotherapy for gastric adenocarcinoma, choices for the selection of effective antigenic targets are very limited. Previously published data and our own in-house computational analysis have suggested that ANTXR1 is a potential target, simultaneously expressed in malignant tumor cells and the endothelial cells of the tumors. However, the expression pattern of ANTXR1 protein in clinical samples of gastric adenocarcinoma has not been fully evaluated. METHODS: Using immunohistochemistry (IHC), we recorded the percentage of ANTXR1 positive cells separately in tumor cells and endothelial cells in the primary tumor, non-tumor gastric tissue adjacent to the primary tumor, and tumor in metastatic sites of 140 gastric adenocarcinoma patients. We also evaluated the association of ANTXR1 expression with the Lauren histological classification of the primary tumors, the patient's history of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy, and the patient's overall survival. RESULTS: ANTXR1 was expressed in a mean of 73.89 ± 30.12% of tumor cells and 13.55 ± 20.53% of endothelial cells in the primary tumors. Intestinal adenocarcinomas had lower ANTXR1 expression in the tumor cells and higher ANTXR1 expression in the endothelial cells of the tumor regions, and a history of neoadjuvant therapy was associated with increased ANTXR1 expression in the endothelial cells of the tumor regions. Finally, above median expression of ANTXR1 in the tumor cells of the tumor regions was associated with significantly lower overall patient survival. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that ANTXR1 is a promising candidate for preclinical and clinical evaluation for gastric adenocarcinoma immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/análise , Receptores de Superfície Celular/análise , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Células Endoteliais/química , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Imunoterapia , Masculino , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade
15.
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd ; 1632019 09 13.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556490

RESUMO

The incidence of oesophageal cancer is on the rise, particularly due to an increase in the number of adenocarcinomas of the distal oesophagus. Adenomas and squamous cell carcinomas are the most common histological subtypes; each should be considered as a different entity. The diagnosis 'oesophageal cancer' is confirmed on the basis of histopathological investigation of biopsies, whereas tumour staging is conducted through transoesophageal endoscopic ultrasound and FDG-PET/CT diagnostics. There are various options to treat patients with oesophageal cancer, such as endoscopic resection, multimodal therapy or definitive chemoradiotherapy. Since 2012, neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery is the standard treatment for oesophageal cancer, except with regard to patients with a T1 or M1 tumour. In the Netherlands, most surgical procedures are now minimally invasive procedures. Despite improved treatment options, mortality rates associated with oesophageal cancer remain high.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Quimiorradioterapia , Terapia Combinada , Endossonografia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Esofagectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons
16.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(7): 1208-1219, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether patients with advanced tubo-ovarian high-grade serous cancer (HGSC) fare better after upfront debulking surgery (UDS) or neoadjuvant chemotherapy with interval debulking surgery (NACT-IDS) remains controversial. METHODS: We studied patients with HGSC who underwent UDS or NACT-IDS between July 2000 and December 2015, with peritonectomy procedures combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). Clinical reports were included peritoneal cancer index (PCI), NACT responses, surgical complexity score (SCS), completeness of cytoreduction (CC), complete follow-up with timing, site, and treatment of recurrence. Outcome measures were morbidity, progression-free survival (PFS), PFS2, and overall survival during a mean 5-year follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 34 patients (23.6%) underwent UDS and 110 (76.4%) NACT-IDS both combined with HIPEC. At a median 66.3-month follow-up, patients who underwent UDS or NACT-IDS had similar outcomes. NACT subgroup responses correlated with PCI, SCS, morbidity, and CC. Patients who underwent UDS had lower recurrence rates than those who responded partly or poorly to NACT (PFS, P < .04; PFS2, P < .01). Despite HIPEC, the peritoneal disease recurred in 42.5% of the overall patients. CONCLUSION: In patients with primary HGSC who undergo UDS or NACT-IDS, despite similar outcomes, peritonectomy procedures combined with HIPEC seem unable to prevent peritoneal recurrence.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/mortalidade , Hipertermia Induzida/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Peritoneais/mortalidade , Peritônio/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Terapia Combinada , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/patologia , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/cirurgia , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/terapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Gradação de Tumores , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/patologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
Cancer Radiother ; 23(6-7): 682-687, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492540

RESUMO

Despite representing a 1% of diagnosed cancer cases in the USA and up to 5% in eastern Asia and Africa, oesophageal cancer still holds numerous questions concerning the best therapeutic management. For squamous cell carcinoma, while radiochemotherapy has proven itself to be the gold standard as part of the trimodality or alone as a definitive treatment, radiotherapy modalities are still debated especially regarding lymph node irradiation. Involved nodes irradiation was developed with the aim of maintaining clinical outcomes and enhancing quality of life but lacks grade 1 evidence. In this article, we aim to summarize the state of art regarding lymph node irradiation, discuss the impact of target definition, delivery techniques, concomitant treatment and the perspectives. Being highly connected to the lymph vessels, lymphatic metastases are frequent and can locate from the neck to the coeliac area with each node having a different prognostic significance. Regarding the comparison between elective nodal irradiation and involved nodes irradiation, evidence-based medicine mostly relies on retrospective studies. Pooled, it suggests similar clinical outcomes with lower acute toxicities in favour of involved nodes irradiation. However, delivery techniques, doses and concomitant treatment were not consensual. Studies are ongoing evaluating the impact of radiation delivery techniques and the choice of concomitant treatment, i.e. immunotherapy. Modern techniques of imaging, radiation therapy progressing each day and alternative treatment modalities being tested, the need of randomized controlled trials has never been so high. Elective nodal irradiation should remain the standard of care while phase 3 trials explore the safety of involved nodal irradiation.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Linfonodos/efeitos da radiação , Irradiação Linfática/métodos , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/secundário , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Esôfago/anatomia & histologia , Humanos , Linfonodos/anatomia & histologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Radioterapia Conformacional/métodos
18.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(10): 2573-2582, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385027

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Invasive stratified mucin-producing carcinoma (i-SMILE) represents a recently recognized subtype of cervical adenocarcinoma (AC) developing in a background of a stratified mucin-producing intraepithelial lesion (SMILE). Clinical and prognostic data on i-SMILE are limited. METHODS: We report a series of five cases with histopathological, immunohistochemical (p16) and PCR analyses. The cases as well as the patients previously published in the literature were reviewed for follow-up information. RESULTS: Thirteen cases were identified. The mean age of 47.1 years (range 34-66) was not different from the usual type of cervical AC. 10/13 cases presented with tumors > 2 cm and a polypoid-exophytic appearance. Regardless of tumor size and stage of the disease, 7 out of 11 patients developed recurrent disease after a mean of 7.8 months (range 6 weeks-36 months). Five patients developed distant metastases (three of them in the lungs). Five out of the 11 informative cases died of the disease. All reported cases were positive for high-risk HPV (mainly HPV type 18) and associated with p16-overexpression. CONCLUSION: i-SMILE represent a distinct subtype of invasive endocervical AC, associated high-risk HPV infection and strong p16-overexpression. Clinically, i-SMILE may represent an aggressive tumor with early recurrent disease and substantial risk of distant metastatic disease, especially to the lungs.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Mucinas/biossíntese , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Biópsia , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
19.
BJOG ; 126(12): 1456-1465, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31449731

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To quantify geographic variation in the use of lymphadenectomy and/or external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for endometrial cancer in England. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of population-based data. SETTING: English cancer registry data, linked to chemotherapy, radiotherapy and hospital episodes statistics data. POPULATION: Twenty-two thousand four hundred and eighty-three women with endometrial cancer presenting without clinical or radiological evidence of distant metastatic spread, diagnosed in England from 2013 to 2016. METHODS: Proportions of patients receiving lymphadenectomy and/or EBRT were compared across 19 Cancer Alliances, to identify variations in clinical practice. Two separate logistic regression models assessed the impact on variation of adjustment for tumour and patient characteristics. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Receipt of lymphadenectomy, receipt of EBRT. RESULTS: There was substantial variation by Cancer Alliance in the adjusted proportion of women with endometrial cancer receiving lymphadenectomy (range 5% [95% CI 4-6%] to 48% [95% CI 45-52%]) and EBRT (range 10% [95% CI 7-12%] to 31% [95% CI 28-33%]), after adjusting for variation in pathological grade, age, comorbidities, deprivation, ethnic group and (EBRT only) FIGO stage. Different approaches to clinical practice were identified; (i) one Cancer Alliance had significantly higher than average lymphadenectomy and significantly lower than average EBRT use, (ii) three had high use of both lymphadenectomy and EBRT, (iii) one had low lymphadenectomy use and high EBRT use, and (iv) three had low use of both lymphadenectomy and EBRT. CONCLUSIONS: Lymphadenectomy is probably used to triage for EBRT when lymphadenectomy use is high and EBRT use is low. This is probably a result of variation in local endometrial cancer management guidelines, suggesting that UK recommendations should be clarified. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: There is geographic variation in England in the use of lymphadenectomy and radiotherapy to treat endometrial cancer.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/terapia , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Inglaterra , Feminino , Geografia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Excisão de Linfonodo/estatística & dados numéricos , Metástase Neoplásica , Vigilância da População , Radioterapia Adjuvante/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros , Medicina Estatal , Serviços de Saúde da Mulher
20.
Klin Onkol ; 32(4): 303-305, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426648

RESUMO

Many patients with advanced, non-curable cancer experience disease progression to a stage requiring symptomatic care alone. The integration of palliative care into oncology practice is therefore important, with many studies showing the benefits of early introduction of palliative care. In addition to symptom relief, palliative care can include psychological, social, and spiritual support. Although all oncologists provide basic palliative care, recent data indicate that the parallel involvement of a specialist palliative team that addresses the psychological, social, and spiritual needs of patients may be advantageous for both patients and their families. This mode of early integration of palliative care has been found to enhance patient quality of life and to provide more effective use of costly treatments. In Czech hospitals, however, this mode is rarely employed. Palliative care is usually perceived as an end-stage approach, which is initiated only when all other anticancer treatment modalities have been exhausted. This case describes the challenges and missed opportunities when palliative care was initiated late during the dying phase of a young female patient with metastatic colorectal cancer, and it discusses the potential benefits of early integration of palliative care. Supported by Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic, grant No. 15-33590A. All rights reserved. The authors declare they have no potential conflicts of interest concerning drugs, products, or services used in the study. The Editorial Board declares that the manuscript met the ICMJE recommendation for biomedical papers. Submitted: 27. 11. 2018 Accepted: 7. 6. 2019.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Cuidados Paliativos , Adulto , República Tcheca , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Neoplásica , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Tempo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA