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1.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 182(6): 595-605, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375119

RESUMO

Objective: T2-signal intensity and somatostatin (SST) receptor expression are recognized predictors of therapy response in acromegaly. We investigated the relationship between these predictors and the hormonal and tumoral responses to long-acting pasireotide (PAS-LAR) therapy, which were also compared with responsiveness to first-generation somatostatin receptor ligands (SRLs). Design: The PAPE study is a cohort study. Methods: We included 45 acromegaly patients initially receiving SRLs, followed by combination therapy with pegvisomant, and finally PAS-LAR. We assessed tumor volume reduction (≥25% from baseline), IGF-1 levels (expressed as the upper limit of normal), and T2-weighted MRI signal and SST receptor expression of the adenoma. Results: Patients with significant tumor shrinkage during PAS-LAR showed higher IGF-1 levels during PAS-LAR (mean (S.D.): 1.36 (0.53) vs 0.93 (0.43), P = 0.020), less IGF-1 reduction after first-generation SRLs (mean (S.D.): 0.55 (0.71) vs 1.25 (1.07), P = 0.028), and lower SST2 receptor expression (median (IQR): 2.0 (1.0-6.0) vs 12.0 (7.5-12.0), P = 0.040). Overall, T2-signal intensity ratio was increased compared with baseline (mean (S.D.): 1.39 (0.56) vs 1.25 (0.52), P = 0.017) and a higher T2-signal was associated with lower IGF-1 levels during PAS-LAR (ß: -0.29, 95% CI: -0.56 to -0.01, P = 0.045). A subset of PAS-LAR treated patients with increased T2-signal intensity achieved greater reduction of IGF-1 (mean (S.D.): 0.80 (0.60) vs 0.45 (0.39), P = 0.016). Conclusions: Patients unresponsive to SRLs with a lower SST2 receptor expression are more prone to achieve tumor shrinkage during PAS-LAR. Surprisingly, tumor shrinkage is not accompanied by a biochemical response, which is accompanied with a higher T2-signal intensity.


Assuntos
Acromegalia/tratamento farmacológico , Adenoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenoma Hipofisário Secretor de Hormônio do Crescimento/tratamento farmacológico , Hormônios/uso terapêutico , Somatostatina/análogos & derivados , Acromegalia/sangue , Acromegalia/etiologia , Adenoma/sangue , Adenoma/complicações , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Adenoma Hipofisário Secretor de Hormônio do Crescimento/sangue , Adenoma Hipofisário Secretor de Hormônio do Crescimento/complicações , Hormônio do Crescimento Humano/análogos & derivados , Hormônio do Crescimento Humano/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligantes , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores de Somatostatina/sangue , Somatostatina/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(19): e19855, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32384430

RESUMO

The endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach (EETA) is the primary treatment for growth hormone (GH) adenoma. This study aimed to investigate the outcomes of EETA in 33 patients with GH-secreting pituitary adenoma (PA).Thirty-three patients who underwent EETA in Eighth People's Hospital of Shenzhen between January 2013 and December 2017 were included in the comprehensive analysis. Factors affecting the extent of resection and postoperative remission rates were also reviewed.The total cut rate was 63.6% (21), and the total remission rate was 66.7% (22) in all patients after surgery. The cure rate was 60.6% (20) for 33 patients. The total removal rate and remission rate were significantly different (P = .01, P = .007) for microadenomas, macroadenomas, and giant adenomas. In addition, the total removal rate and remission rate were significantly different (P = .004, P = .007) for patients with noninvasive and invasive GH-secreting PAs. Furthermore, there were significant differences (P = .003, P = .005) in the total removal rate and remission rate of patients with different preoperative GH levels. All patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus were normalized. Three patients exhibited recurrence after surgery. Several patients suffered from postoperative complications, including transient diabetes insipidus in 3 (9.1%) patients and postoperative transient cerebrospinal fluid leakage in 2 (6.1%) patients.EETA is an effective therapeutic approach for treating patients with GH-secreting PA with high remission and low complication rates. Therefore, EETA should be considered a primary treatment for patients with GH-secreting PA.


Assuntos
Adenoma/cirurgia , Endoscopia/métodos , Adenoma Hipofisário Secretor de Hormônio do Crescimento/cirurgia , Nariz/cirurgia , Osso Esfenoide/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Endoscopia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hormônio do Crescimento/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Período Pré-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(5): 363-368, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233846

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hypercalcaemic crisis is a rare manifestation of hyperparathyroidism and occurs in 1.6-6% of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). Although such high serum calcium levels (>14mg/dl) are attributed to malignancy, it is also associated with benign disease of the parathyroid glands. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features and treatment modalities of patients with severe hypercalcaemia who underwent surgery for pHPT. METHODS: The medical records of 537 patients who underwent parathyroidectomy in our department for pHPT between 2005 and 2019 were reviewed retrospectively. Twenty-four (4.4%) of the patients were described as having severe hypercalcaemia. RESULTS: Among 24 patients, 71% were female and the mean age was 55.7 years (range: 40-71 years). The mean serum calcium level at time of diagnosis was 15.9mg/dl (range: 14-22.7mg/dl). According to postoperative pathology reports, solitary adenoma, parathyroid cancer and parathyromatosis were diagnosed with the rates of 87.5%, 8.3% and 4.1% respectively. The mean weight of the solitary parathyroid lesions was 14.9g (standard deviation: 8.9g, range: 4-38g). The mean longest diameter was 2.87cm (standard deviation: 1.4cm, range: 1-5.5cm). Serum calcium levels were within the normal range on the first postoperative day in 75% of the cases. CONCLUSIONS: Severe hypercalcaemia is a rare but urgent condition of pHPT and requires prompt management. Accelerated surgery after adequate medical treatment should be performed. It is important to emphasise that giant adenoma, which is a benign disease, may be a more common cause of severe hypercalcaemia than carcinoma, unlike previously thought.


Assuntos
Adenoma/complicações , Carcinoma/complicações , Hipercalcemia/etiologia , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/etiologia , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/complicações , Adenoma/sangue , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Cálcio/sangue , Carcinoma/sangue , Carcinoma/cirurgia , Difosfonatos/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Furosemida/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Hipercalcemia/sangue , Hipercalcemia/diagnóstico , Hipercalcemia/terapia , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/sangue , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glândulas Paratireoides/patologia , Glândulas Paratireoides/cirurgia , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/sangue , Paratireoidectomia , Período Pós-Operatório , Diálise Renal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
G Ital Nefrol ; 37(2)2020 Apr 09.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32281761

RESUMO

We report the case of a 37-year-old woman that developed severe hypercalcemia due to a parathyroid gland mass. After the initial medical treatment, only a minimal reduction of calcemia was observed and her clinical condition worsened; thus, she required continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) that resulted in the normalization of calcium serum level. She then underwent a left thyroid lobectomy with exeresis of the associated parathyroid glands; the histological diagnosis revealed a giant parathyroid adenoma (GPA). CRRT, initially recommended only in case of severe refractory hypercalcemia poorly responsive to pharmacological approaches, is now being evaluated in the first line treatment of life-threatening cases, with or without associated acute kidney injury (AKI).


Assuntos
Adenoma/diagnóstico , Hipercalcemia/diagnóstico , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/diagnóstico , Lesão Renal Aguda/complicações , Adenoma/sangue , Adenoma/etiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Hipercalcemia/sangue , Hipercalcemia/etiologia , Hormônio Paratireóideo/sangue , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/sangue , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/complicações
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(15): e19728, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to present several cases of benign and malignant nipple lesions and contribute to diagnosis and differential diagnosis. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 13 patients. All of the patients were evaluated by ultrasonography, and 11 of them had pathological results. We analyzed the clinical and sonographic features. RESULTS: There were 3 malignant lesions, 7 benign lesions, and 3 congenital nipple dysplasia, listed as follows:Malignant lesions (n = 3, 23%): Paget's disease (PD, n = 3, 23%). All of the patients with PD showed unilateral nipple erosion, discharge, and pain. The ultrasound showed abundant blood flow (n = 3, 23%); 2 patients (n = 2, 15%) had microcalcifications.Benign lesions (n = 7, 54%): Adenoma of the nipple (n = 2, 15%). One patient (n = 1, 8%) had nipple erosion and discharge. Two patients (n = 2, 15%) had a palpable nodule in the nipple. The ultrasound of both patients (n = 2, 15%) showed regular-shaped, clear border nodule with abundant blood flow (n = 2, 15%).Leiomyoma of the nipple (n = 1, 8%): This male patient was characterized by unilateral nipple enlargement and pain. The ultrasound showed a regular nodule with absent blood flow.Plasma cell mastitis (n = 2, 15%): Two patients showed unilateral nipple inversion and pain. One patient (n = 1, 8%) showed swollen and redness. The 2 patients showed a lesion in the gland around the nipple present as an irregular shape and unclear boundary hypoechoic mass.Nipple wart (n = 2, 15%): Two patients showed a unilateral soft exogenous neoplasm. Both of the patients showed a hypoechoic wart; the echo was similar to the nipple, the border was clear, and had no blood flow in the wart.Nipple Dysplasia (n = 3, 23%): Accessory nipple (n = 3, 23%). Two patients (n = 2, 15%) had accessory nipples in the subcoastal area, 1 patient (n = 1, 8%) in the areolar. All of the patients' sonographic features were the same as the nipple.The positive predict value (PPV) of the clinical symptoms: Erosion and discharge are both 75% (P < 0.05). The PPV of the US manifestations: irregular shape, indictinct margin, abundant blood flow, microcalcification, thicken skin in diagnosing malignant lesions are 60%,60%,60%,100%,100%, respectively (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The characteristic sonographic features together with clinical symptoms contribute to the diagnosis of nipple lesions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Mamilos/irrigação sanguínea , Mamilos/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adenoma/patologia , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Calcinose/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Doença da Mama Fibrocística/patologia , Humanos , Leiomioma/patologia , Masculino , Mastite , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mamilos/patologia , Doença de Paget Mamária/patologia , Dor/diagnóstico , Plasmócitos/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia/tendências , Verrugas
6.
Ann Palliat Med ; 9(2): 420-427, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233640

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To analyze whether face-to-face education before colonoscopy improves the quality of bowel preparation and increases the detection of adenomas. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study of adult patients with colorectal polyps identified by colonoscopy as outpatients was performed. The patients underwent an added colonoscopy inpatient for resection of colorectal polyps. As outpatients, we gave the patients written bowel preparation instructions; however, when they were inpatients, we supplied face-to-face education. We analyzed the data from the two colonoscopies of the same group of patients out- and in-patients, including the quality of the intestinal preparation, the time to reach the ileocecal region, and the detection of adenomas. RESULTS: A total of 260 patients {age 63 [56, 68] years old, male/female (169/91)} were retrospectively included in our study. Two hundred fifty-two patients with a total of 685 adenomas were detected, 94 patients with 179 adenomas overlooked in the first colonoscopy. The BBPS Score during inpatient was higher than that during outpatient, {9 [8, 9] vs. 7 [6, 9]}, P<0.05, the Bubble Score during inpatient was lower than that during outpatient [0 (0.00, 0.00) vs. 0 (0.00, 1.00)], P<0.05. The time to reach the ileocecal region during inpatient is shorter than that during outpatient {6 [5, 9] vs. 7.5 [5, 11] min}, P<0.05. Poor bowel preparation, flat adenoma morphology, and adenoma diameter lower than 5mm were related adenoma misdiagnoses, P<0.05. CONCLUSIONS: Face-to-face patient education can improve the quality of bowel preparation, then shorten the time to reach the ileocecal region, and increase detection of colorectal adenomas.


Assuntos
Colonoscopia/métodos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Irrigação Terapêutica/métodos , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Colonoscopia/psicologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Erros de Diagnóstico/prevenção & controle , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Minerva Med ; 111(2): 115-119, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32166934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tachycardia prior to endoscopic procedures is commonly encountered which reflect patient anxiety status. Despite this frequent occurrence, it is unclear if in a patient with tachycardia sedation dose should be modified. The aim of our study was to assess the effect of pre-endoscopic tachycardia on sedation dose. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent upper endoscopy and colonoscopy at EMMS Nazareth hospital were performed. We excluded patients with diseases and medications affecting the heart rate. RESULTS: A total of 2855 patients were included in the study. Two-hundred and thirty-seven patients had tachycardia before endoscopy (8.3%, group A) as compared to 2618 (group B) patients who had heart rate ≤100 beats per minute. The mean dosage of propofol in group A was significantly higher (62.6±33.2 mg vs. 57.4±29.9 mg) than in group B (P=0.01). There was no difference in the cecal intubation rate among the two groups (P=0.9). Notably, the adenoma detection rate was significantly lower among group A patients as compared to group B (13.6% vs. 22.8%, P=0.02) patients. There were no sedation related complications. CONCLUSIONS: Tachycardia prior to endoscopic procedures was associated with higher sedative dosage and lower adenoma detection rate, however no major complications were recorded. These data should be taken into consideration to optimize procedure quality.


Assuntos
Adenoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/psicologia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/administração & dosagem , Taquicardia/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Ansiedade/psicologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Colonoscopia/psicologia , Feminino , Fentanila/administração & dosagem , Gastroscopia/psicologia , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Midazolam/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pré-Operatório , Propofol/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taquicardia/epidemiologia
8.
Am J Gastroenterol ; 115(3): 365-366, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32142483

RESUMO

Cap-assisted and chromo-colonoscopy are 2 techniques which may increase adenoma detection; however, chromo-colonoscopy is limited by increased time requirement. In this edition of The American Journal of Gastroenterology, Kim et al. present data from a randomized controlled trial comparing standard colonoscopy with an arm using both techniques (CAP/CHROMO). The indigo carmine was applied using a simpler method than previous studies, resulting in shorter times. The CAP/CHROMO adenoma detection was higher than the controls (54.4% vs 44.9%; P < 0.001), but there was no difference for advanced neoplasia. If endoscopists find these data convincing, they should trial these techniques separately because each technique may have a different impact.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Gastroenterologia , Colonoscopia , Humanos , Índigo Carmim
10.
Z Gastroenterol ; 58(3): 241-244, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198738

RESUMO

Treatment of adenoma of the major duodenal papilla is often a challenge for the endoscopist. We report about two patients with papillary adenoma who had residual adenoma in the center of the ductus hepatocholedochus papillary region after endoscopic papillectomy. Due to missing possibility of further endoscopic resection we carried out endobiliary radiofrequency ablation instead of surgical treatment. In follow-up examination, there where no macroscopic or histological relapse, therefore endobiliary radiofrequency ablation needs to be discussed as an alternative to surgical therapy option.


Assuntos
Adenoma/cirurgia , Ampola Hepatopancreática/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco/cirurgia , Adenoma/patologia , Ampola Hepatopancreática/patologia , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco/patologia , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 42(1): 136-138, 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32131954

RESUMO

Pituitary metastasis is a rare intracranial malignant tumor originated from other malignant tumors at other parts of the body.Pituitary metastases are typically hypervascular,while hypovascular pituitary metastasis is rare.Radiologically,hypovascular pituitary metastasis is difficult to be distinguished from pituitary adenoma.This article reports one case of pathologically confirmed hypovascular pituitary metastasis,with the main diagnostic clues including history of malignant tumor,presence of normal pituitary in the intrasellar region,and isointensity on T1 and T2 sequence.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/secundário , Adenoma , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
12.
Orv Hetil ; 161(12): 474-478, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32172585

RESUMO

Thyrotropin-secreting pituitary tumors are rare causes of hyperthyroidism and account for less than 1% of all pituitary adenomas. The number of reported cases increased over the last few years as a consequence of the routine use of ultrasensitive immunometric assays for measuring thyrotropin levels. In the clinical practice, thyrotropin secreting adenomas must be considered in case of inappropriately normal to elevated thyrotropin in the presence of elevated free serum thyroid hormone levels. The authors present the case history of a middle aged female patient, who suffered from hyperthyreodism caused by a thyrotropin-secreting pituitary macroadenoma. After transient thyreostatic treatment, radical neurosurgical removal of the tumor was performed. The pituitary surgery was effective in restoring the patient's euthyreodism. The postoperative pituitary function remained intact. During follow-up, the recurrence of the disease was not detected. In our case report, the difficulties in the differential diagnoses are also discussed. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(12): 474-478.


Assuntos
Adenoma/metabolismo , Adenoma/cirurgia , Hipertireoidismo/etiologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Tireotropina/metabolismo , Adenoma/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/patologia , Testes de Função Tireóidea , Tireotropina/sangue , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(12): e19553, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32195964

RESUMO

New endoscopic resection techniques are constantly being developed for gastric adenoma, which can be classified as low or high grade according to the Vienna classification. However, long-term data on gastric adenoma (e.g., removal or follow-up after resection via endoscopy) remain lacking.We retrospectively analyzed 133 cases with gastric adenoma that underwent endoscopic resection from January 2010 to November 2018. We analyzed the risk factors and frequency of patients with synchronous and metachronous lesions after endoscopic resection for gastric adenoma and followed them for more than 2 years.One hundred six (79.7%) and 27 patients (20.3%) received endoscopic resection (ER) once and more than twice, respectively. Compared with the initial endoscopic biopsy pathological results, the upgraded and downgraded histological discrepancy rates were 10.5% (n = 14) and 3.0% (n = 4) after resection, respectively. The mean time to synchronous/metachronous recurrence was 2.23 years. The average lesion size at first procedure was larger in the multiple ER group than in the single ER group (2.00 vs 1.10 cm; P = .040). Eleven (8.3%) and 16 patients (12.0%) had recurred synchronous and metachronous lesions, respectively. In the multivariate Cox analysis of the recurrence group, intestinal metaplasia (hazard ratio, 2.761; 95% confidence interval, 1.117-6.820; P = .028) and lesion size (hazard ratio, 1.607; 95% confidence interval, 1.082-2.385; P = .019) were independent factors for receiving endoscopic resection more than twice.If patients have severe intestinal metaplasia or large size of lesion at endoscopic resection for gastric adenoma, periodic observation is necessary.


Assuntos
Adenoma/cirurgia , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Adenoma/classificação , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Intestinos/patologia , Masculino , Metaplasia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
15.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 78(1): 28-33, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074187

RESUMO

METHODS: Prolactin (PRL) secreting adenomas are associated with high incidence of headache. The role of hyperprolactinemia in the headache context is not clear, nor is the effect of its treatment on headache. The present longitudinal study evaluated hyperprolactinemic patients (69), in terms of presence and characteristics of headache before and after hyperprolactinemia treatment. RESULTS: Headache was reported by 45 (65.2%) patients, independent of the etiology of hyperprolactinemia. The migraine phenotype was the most prevalent (66.6%). Medications used in the treatment of headache not changed during the study. The first line of treatment of hyperprolactinemia was dopaminergic agonists. In the last reevaluation, PRL level under treatment was within the reference range in 54.7% of the cases, and it was observed complete or partial resolution of the headache in 75% of the cases. The median PRL at this time in patients with complete headache resolution was 17 ng/mL, in those who reported partial recovery was 21 ng/mL, and in those in whom the headache did not change was 66 ng/mL, with a significant difference between the group with complete headache resolution vs. the group with unchanged headache (p=0.022). In the cases with complete headache resolution, the median fall on PRL levels was 89% and in those cases with partial headache resolution 86%, both significantly different (p<0.001) from the fall in the cases with an unchanged headache. CONCLUSION: Data allow us to conclude that, in this series, in the majority of cases the reduction in the level of PRL was followe3d by cessation or relief of the pain.


Assuntos
Cefaleia/sangue , Cefaleia/prevenção & controle , Hiperprolactinemia/terapia , Prolactina/sangue , Adenoma/complicações , Adenoma/terapia , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Agonistas de Dopamina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Hiperprolactinemia/complicações , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/complicações , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/terapia , Valores de Referência , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074744

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the application of endoscopy and clinical effect of endoscopic resection of benign tumor in infratemporal fossa. Methods: The clinical data of 11 patients with benign tumors in infratemporal fossa admitted to the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery and Skull Base Surgery of the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2016 to September 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 6 males and 5 females, with the age ranging from 11 to 63 years old. The main clinical manifestations were pharyngeal foreign body sensation, submaxillary pain, maxillofacial numbness and tongue numbness. Imaging examination showed that the tumor was round and had a clear boundary with the surrounding tissue. All the patients underwent endoscopic surgery. Appropriate surgical approach was selected according to the location of the tumor and its relationship with the internal carotid artery. The endoscopic surgical approaches included trans-oropharyngeal approach in 7 cases, trans-lateral pterygomandibular raphe approach in 1 case and trans-medial pterygomandibular raphe approach in 3 cases. The pathological results, prognosis, complications and relapse of patients were summarized through descriptive statistics. Results: The tumors were completely resected under endoscope in all patients, and there was no significant complication occurred after surgery. The average pain VAS score was 3.1 after surgery and average hospital stay was 5.9 d. The postoperative pathological diagnoses consisted of 6 cases of pleomorphic adenoma, 4 cases of neurilemmoma and 1 case of basal cell adenoma. All patients were followed up regularly from 6 to 39 months without recurrence of tumor. Conclusion: Endoscopic resection of benign tumors in infratemporal fossa has the advantages of minimal damage, rapid recovery, few complications, and definite curative effect, which can be used as an important alternative for surgical treatment of benign tumors.


Assuntos
Endoscopia , Fossa Infratemporal/patologia , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 182(3): 265-273, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32038030

RESUMO

Objectives: We investigated the clinical significance of ACTH stimulation during adrenal venous sampling (AVS) by surgical outcome of primary aldosteronism (PA). Design: Multicenter retrospective study by Japan PA study. Method: We allocated 314 patients with both basal and ACTH-stimulated AVS data who underwent adrenalectomy to three groups: basal lateralization index (LI) ≥2 with ACTH-stimulated LI ≥4 on the ipsilateral side (Unilateral (U) to U group, n = 245); basal LI <2 with ACTH-stimulated LI ≥4 (Bilateral (B) to U group, n = 15); and basal LI ≥2 with ACTH-stimulated LI <4 (U to B group, n = 54). We compared surgical outcomes among the groups using the Primary Aldosteronism Surgical Outcome (PASO) criteria. Results: Compared with U to U group, U to B group had poor clinical and biochemical outcomes and low rates of adrenal adenoma as pathological findings (P = 0.044, 0.006, and 0.048, respectively), although there were no significant differences between U to U and B to U groups. All patients in U to B group with clinical and biochemical benefits, however, had adrenal adenoma as pathological findings and could be well differentiated from those with poor surgical outcomes via basal LI (>8.3), but not ACTH-stimulated LI. These results were similar even when we defined each group based on a cut-off value of 4 for basal LI. Conclusions: Although PA patients in U to B group had worse surgical outcomes than did those in U to U group, basal LI could discriminate among patients with better surgical outcomes in U to B group.


Assuntos
Glândulas Suprarrenais/metabolismo , Cosintropina/farmacologia , Hiperaldosteronismo/cirurgia , Adenoma/patologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/patologia , Glândulas Suprarrenais/efeitos dos fármacos , Adrenalectomia , Adenoma Adrenocortical/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Resultado do Tratamento
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