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1.
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd ; 237(11): 1306-1311, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês, Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33202463

RESUMO

Pituitary tumours are a common cause of functional impairment and degeneration of the anterior visual pathway. Depending on localization and size, they clinically manifest as initially reversible visual field defects. As part of interdisciplinary tumour management, ophthalmologic examinations are of particular importance concerning diagnostics, indication for tumour resection and documentation of functional surgical results. Based on the relationship between clinical dysfunction and manifest atrophy, together with the patient's age and the duration of symptoms, the ophthalmologist can provide insights into the postoperative visual prognosis. Under good conditions, surgical tumour resection often results in significant improvements to visual fields and acuity. Long-term ophthalmological controls are required in cases of persistent visual loss, radiotherapy or tumour remnants abutting the visual pathway.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Adenoma/complicações , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Adenoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/complicações , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Transtornos da Visão/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Visão/etiologia , Transtornos da Visão/terapia , Testes de Campo Visual , Campos Visuais
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22432, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019423

RESUMO

Nesfatin-1 was identified as a satiety factor involved in the regulation of metabolism. Altered levels of circulating nesfatin-1 had been observed in a variety of diseases characterized by energy imbalance. However, there was no published data about nesfatin-1 levels in acromegaly.We evaluated serum nesfatin-1 levels in 13 patients with acromegaly at baseline and postoperatively, and in 21 age- and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy subjects.Compared with the healthy subjects, patients with acromegaly had significantly increased levels of serum insulin, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, and growth hormone (GH). Moreover, the acromegaly group had nesfatin-1 levels higher than controls (1.96 ±â€Š0.56 ng/mL vs 0.61 ±â€Š0.10 ng/mL, P = .004). There was a positive correlation of serum nesfatin-1 levels with diastolic blood pressure (r = 0.579, P = .038) and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) (r = 0.598, P = .031) in patients with acromegaly. While a successful surgery decreased serum GH levels, the serum nesfatin-1 levels did not change in acromegaly (P = .965). At last, we compared serum GH/nesfatin-1 levels with predictive markers for aggressive behaviors in pituitary adenomas. There was no relationship between serum nesfatin-1 levels and tumor's size, Ki-67 index, mutant p53, or MGMT proteins. However, increased serum GH levels were positively correlated with tumors' size (P = .023) and mutant p53 proteins expression (P = .028).Circulating nesfatin-1 was increased in acromegaly, which was involved in metabolism regulation.


Assuntos
Acromegalia/sangue , Nucleobindinas/sangue , Adenoma/sangue , Adenoma/patologia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Hormônio do Crescimento Humano/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/sangue , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/patologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Curva ROC
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22581, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019473

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Angiosarcoma is a highly invasive tumour with a low incidence rate but high rates of local recurrence and distant metastasis and a poor prognosis. Understanding the endoscopic characteristics of angiosarcoma will help with early diagnosis and treatment of this disease. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a 77-year-old female who was admitted to the hospital due to recurring melena for 3 months. Outpatient gastroscopy showed that the patient had multiple gastric erosions. Colonoscopy revealed the presence of multiple protruding lesions in the colon and multiple rectal polyps. Pathological biopsy indicated that the patient had a tubular adenoma, which was removed by endoscopic resection. DIAGNOSES: Postsurgical pathologic assessment suggested that the histological subtype was epithelioid angiosarcoma. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) revealed multiple metastases in the lymph nodes and bone. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent acid suppression to protect the stomach, fluid supplementation and red blood cell infusion, and subsequently, surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy were recommended. The patient's family refused further treatments for the patient and requested discharge. OUTCOMES: The patient refused further treatment and was not followed-up. LESSONS: Colorectal angiosarcoma is an extremely rare and highly malignant tumour, and understanding its endoscopic morphology will help aid in its diagnosis.


Assuntos
Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemangiossarcoma/secundário , Melena/etiologia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Biópsia , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Pólipos do Colo/patologia , Colonoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Gastroscopia/métodos , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Melena/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22673, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031334

RESUMO

Hyperprolactinemia is a prevalent endocrine disorder presented in patients with non-functional pituitary adenomas (NFPAs). However, the mechanism involved in hyperprolactinemia in NFPA is not fully illustrated. The current study aims to investigate predictors for hyperprolactinemia in NFPA via analyzing relevant clinical features. Thus, in this study, a cohort of 214 cases with integrated medical records was retrospectively analyzed concerning clinical, pathological, and endocrinological studies before and after surgery.Hyperprolactinemia happened in 93 cases (43.5%). Women (adjust odds ratio [OR] = 3.093; P < .01), age of patients (adjust OR = 0.951; P < .01), and serum free tetraiodothyronine (FT4) level (adjust OR = 0.882; P = .02) were independent predictors for developing preoperative hyperprolactinemia. Tumor size and hypopituitarism had no impact on hyperprolactinemia. During a median follow-up of 43.5 (range, 22-80) months, 83.9% patients with preoperative hyperprolactinemia experienced prolactin (PRL) normalization. Preoperative PRL level (adjusted OR = 1.741, P = .03) was the exclusive predictor for PRL normalization after adjusting for tumor volume, preoperative serum FT4 concentration, and postoperative residual. The PRL normalization rate of patients with lower PRL level (<2.35-fold upper limit of normal range) was 95.2% and decreased to 65.5% for patients with higher PRL level.In conclusion, our results suggest existence of potentially alternative mechanisms underlying hyperprolactinemia in NFPAs, like the discrepancy of sex and age and the negative feedback of FT4. Preoperative PRL is a predictor for postoperative PRL normalization, which is of clinically relevant for postoperative management of NFPAs.


Assuntos
Adenoma/complicações , Hiperprolactinemia/etiologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/complicações , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(4): 1015-1020, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116111

RESUMO

Hypopituitarism is a rare entity with reported incidence, 4 per 100,000 and about 50% of such patients present with three to five pituitary hormone deficits. A slow onset of symptoms is typical. But, diversified presentations from absence of symptoms to vague clinical features to lethal effects leading to mortality are not uncommon in such disorder. In adults, in such cases symptoms of hypogonadism may be the first noticeable illness for reporting to physicians, but it is often under evaluated or even ignored. Here, we present a case of 40-year-old adult male with panhypopituitarism, who presented with loss of generalized body hair and loss of libido for about last five years but the problem was not evaluated adequately. Later, he developed lethargy, generalized weakness, weight loss and then the underneath cause detected was panhypopituitarism due to pituitary macro adenoma. So, suspicion and hormonal evaluation for hypogonadism would help in early detection and management of progressive hypopituitarism in symptomatic adult patients. Cases of panhypopituitarism need lifelong hormone replacement and follow-up and if pituitary adenoma is present, surgical removal by trans-sphenoidal approach is preferable.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Hipogonadismo , Hipopituitarismo , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Adenoma/complicações , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Humanos , Hipogonadismo/diagnóstico , Hipogonadismo/etiologia , Hipopituitarismo/diagnóstico , Hipopituitarismo/etiologia , Hipopituitarismo/terapia , Masculino , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/complicações , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia
6.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(9): 1190-1195, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027444

RESUMO

Tubulovillous adenomas of the duodenal ampulla are rare neoplasms. The present report describes a case with radiological-endoscopic and pathological correlation in which the patient underwent duodenal pancreatectomy with good postoperative progression. With advanced imaging methods, especially magnetic resonance and endoscopic ultrasound, locoregional aspects and extraluminal, lymphovascular, and metastatic invasion have been increasingly discussed as contributors to therapeutic decision making. This progression improves lesion staging and is especially useful in selecting eligible candidates for endoscopic treatment.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Adenoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Duodenais , Endoscopia , Endossonografia , Humanos , Radiografia
7.
Vnitr Lek ; 66(2): 82-86, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32942893

RESUMO

Cushings syndrome (CS) is a relatively rare disease characterized by autonomous hypersecretion of cortisol. The incidence of CS is estimated to be equal to 2-3 cases per million inhabitants per year. The incidence of acromegaly is 3-4 patients per 1 000 000 per year. The disease is caused by hypersecretion of growth hormone which is mainly caused by benign tumour of the pituitary gland. In our case report we present a 41- year old woman suffering from both Cushings syndrome and acromegaly. The patient was examined in National Institute of Endocrinology and Diabetology Ľubochňa for a centripetal type of obesity and hirsutism. Laboratory tests revealed high plasma cortisol levels without circulating variation, hypercortisoluria and elevated plasmatic levels of ACTH. A 2 mg dexamethasone blockade was performed without adequate cortisol suppression in serum and urine up to 8 mg blockade resulted in suppression of 24 hour urine free cortisol. A magnetic resonance imaging (MR) scan revealed suspect pikoadenoma of the pituitary gland (size 2mm). Subsequently trans-sphenoidal resection was performed. Histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations did not reveal the ACTH-producing pituitary adenoma. After surgery hypercortisolism persisted with newly revealed hypersomatotropism. Treatment with Ketoconazole at dose 200mg 1/ 2-0-1 and somatostatin analogues (Lanreotide) at dose 120mg every 42 days were initiated. Control magnetic resonance imaging of the sella demonstrated small tumour of pituary gland of size 3×5mm. Later 3 years after first surgery another trans-sphenoidal resection of residue was performed. Histological and immunohistochemical examinations did not confirm adenoma with ACTH and RH secretion. After second surgery, IGF-1 plasma levels were not normalized with persistence of hypercortisolism. The treatment with Lanreotide at the initial dose as well as Ketoconazole was reinitiated (with increased dose of Ketoconazole to 1-1-1 tbl per 200mg).


Assuntos
Acromegalia , Adenoma , Síndrome de Cushing , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Adenoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Síndrome de Cushing/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hidrocortisona , Hipófise , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22322, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991441

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Bronchiolar adenoma (BA) is a newly designated rare entity of the lung, including both the currently designated ciliated muconodular papillary tumor (CMPT) and so-called non-classic CMPT. The most prominent histological feature of BAs is the bilayered cell structures composed of the continuous basal cell layer and the luminal layer which consists of different proportion of mucinous cells, ciliated cells, Clara cells and/or type II pneumocytes. BA purely covered by mucinous cells without other components in the luminal layer has never been reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 82-year-old female patient was detected a 0.8 cm ground glass nodule in the left lower lobe of the lung. DIAGNOSES: The serum levels of tumor markers were normal. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent a segmentectomy of the left lower lobe. OUTCOMES: The postoperative pathological diagnosis was BA. Molecular analysis revealed that the tumor harbored ALK rearrangement and BRAF mutations simultaneously. There was no recurrence in 17 months of follow-up. LESSONS: BA can be lined only by mucinous cells, without any cuboidal and/or ciliated cells in the surface layer. This sets a dangerous pitfall in differentiation diagnosis with invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma especially during intraoperative frozen pathological diagnosis.


Assuntos
Adenoma/metabolismo , Bronquíolos/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Biologia Molecular/métodos , Adenoma/cirurgia , Assistência ao Convalescente , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonectomia/métodos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(9): 1324-1327, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913175

RESUMO

Infiltrating syringomatous adenoma of the nipple (SAN) is a rare benign neoplasm of the breast that is often misdiagnosed. SAN may present with a subareolar lesion and clinical, mammographic, and ultrasonographic findings associated with malignancy. We present the case of a 60-year-old woman with a painful, firm, solid tumor in her left breast and deformation of the left nipple-areolar complex (NAC). Histopathological test results were conflicting. The tumor, including the NAC were locally excised. Postsurgical immuno-histochemical tests revealed squamous histology, whereas myoepithelial cells were present in the resected specimen, a feature consistent with SAN. The pathologist noted microscopically positive surgical margins. Three months after surgery, tumor recurrence occurred. The patient underwent revision surgery with wide excision of the skin and gland around the lesion, followed by immediate breast reconstruction, using a pedicled myocutaneous latissimus dorsi (pLD) flap. Extreme care should be taken when diagnosing SAN to ensure proper treatment and prevent recurrence.


Assuntos
Adenoma/cirurgia , Erros de Diagnóstico/efeitos adversos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Mamilos/cirurgia , Siringoma/cirurgia , Adenoma/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Mamoplastia , Mamografia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Mamilos/patologia , Papiloma/patologia , Papiloma/cirurgia , Siringoma/diagnóstico , Siringoma/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Acta Cir Bras ; 35(8): e202000807, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965304

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study presents the surgical and postoperative results achieved with a rigid proctoscope using the transanal endoscopic technique to excise rectal adenomas. The results are compared to the results obtained with other currently employed transanal techniques. METHODS: We investigated the medical records of patients who underwent transanal endoscopic operations from April 2000 to June 2018 at two tertiary referral centers for colorectal cancer. RESULTS: This study included 99 patients. The mean age was 65.3 ± 13.3 years. The average size of the adenomas was 4.6 ± 2.3 cm, and their average distance to the anal border was 5.6 ± 3.3 cm. The average operative time was 65.3 ± 41.7 min. In 48.5% of the operations, the specimen was fragmented, and in 59.6% of the cases, the microscopic margins were free. The rates of postoperative complications and relapse were 5% and 19%, respectively. The mean follow-up was 80 ± 61.5 months. CONCLUSIONS: The described proctoscope proved to be a viable technique with results similar to other techniques, with the advantage that it allowed greater accessibility for surgeons. Therefore, its use could be implemented and become widespread in surgical practice.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Proctoscópios , Neoplasias Retais , Adenoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Canal Anal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 29(8): 921-928, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745380

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A pituitary tumor can be reached by a transsphenoidal approach with the use of a microscope or an endoscope. The impact of the surgical technique on the patient's quality of life (QOL) is of great interest to us. Currently, the development of both surgical techniques, especially the endoscopic one, is very rapid. Treatment outcomes are extremely important, especially in terms of patients' QOL after pituitary tumor resection, irrespective of the technical aspects. OBJECTIVES: To compare the quality of life between patients who had undergone either transsphenoidal microscopic (MTS) or endoscopic (ETS) non-functioning pituitary adenoma resection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 32 consecutive patients (21 for the endoscopic and 11 for the microscopic method) who had undergone pituitary adenoma resection. Their QOL was evaluated using the World Health Organization's Quality of Life assessment tool (WHOQOL-BREF), the Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) and the Visual Functioning Questionnaire (VFQ-25). Questionnaires were collected before and after surgery during the patients' hospital stay and 3 months after the surgery. RESULTS: The patients in the 2 groups did not differ significantly in terms of age, sex, tumor size, length of hospital stay, or QOL before the surgery. Vision-related QOL (VR-QOL) significantly improved in patients undergoing endoscopic surgery (p < 0.001). There were no statistically significant differences in QOL between the study groups at any stage of the trial (p > 0.05). Significantly more patients had improved QOL after endoscopic surgery according to the WHOQOL-BREF (p = 0.005) and the VFQ-25 (p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: The novel observation in this study is the significant improvement of VR-QOL in patients after endoscopic non-functioning pituitary adenoma resection in comparison to patients having microscopic resection. The microscopic method does not exacerbate rhinological symptoms more than the endoscopic one. Endoscopic surgery seems to be more beneficial for patients with pituitary adenoma, which deteriorates VR-QOL.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Adenoma/cirurgia , Endoscopia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
BMC Neurol ; 20(1): 303, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32799821

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perioperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage is a major complication of pituitary adenomas transsphenoidal surgery. Lumbar drainage (LD) is a common method of treating CSF leakage. But whether intraoperative LD can prevent CSF leakage during the perioperative period of pituitary adenomas transsphenoidal surgery remains controversial. Clarity on the appropriate use of LD is needed. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted in the PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of science databases. Articles were included when they compared intraoperative LD with intraoperative no-LD CSF leakage rates during pituitary adenomas transsphenoidal surgery. RESULTS: Overall, 5 studies containing 678 cases met the inclusion criteria. When data were provided on intraoperative CSF leakage rates, the meta-analysis showed a significant difference in favor of intraoperative LD. When data were provided on postoperative CSF leakage rates, the meta-analysis also demonstrated a significant difference in favor of intraoperative LD. CONCLUSIONS: Although the results of this meta-analysis suggest intraoperative LD can reduce the risk of CSF leakage during the perioperative period of pituitary adenomas transsphenoidal surgery, the available evidence is indefinite. To some extent the results suggest intraoperative LD's potential positive role. Further studies that include well-designed prospective, randomized controlled clinical trials are necessary for further verification.


Assuntos
Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Drenagem/métodos , Região Lombossacral/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Adenoma/cirurgia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/epidemiologia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/prevenção & controle , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/terapia , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Hipófise/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Osso Esfenoide/cirurgia
13.
Br J Radiol ; 93(1113): 20200321, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32628097

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pituitary macroadenomas (PAs) are usually defined as benign intracranial tumors. However, they may present local aggressive course. High Ki67 labelling index (LI) values have been related to an aggressive tumor behavior. A recent clinicopathological classification of PA based on local invasiveness and proliferation indexes, divided them in groups with different prognosis. We evaluated the utility of conventional MRI (cMRI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), in predicting the Ki67- LI according the clinicopathological classification. METHODS: 17 patients (12 M and 5 F) who underwent surgical removal of a PA were studied. cMRI features, quantification of T1W and T2W signal intensity, degree of contrast uptake (enhancement ratio, ER) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values were evaluated by using a 3 T scan. Statistics included Mann-Whitney test, Spearman's test, and receiver operating characteristic analysis. A value of p ≤ 0.05 was considered significant for all the tests. RESULTS: Negative correlations were observed between Ki-67 LI, ADCm (ρ = - 0.67, p value = 0.005) and ER values (ρ = -0.62; p = 0.008). ER values were significantly lower in the proliferative PA group (p = 0.028; p = 0.017). ADCm showed sensitivity and specificity of 90 and 85% respectively into predict Ki67-LI value. A value of ADCm ≤0, 711 x 10-6 mm2 emerged as a cut-off of a value of Ki67-LI ≥ 3%. CONCLUSION: Adding quantitative measures of ADC values to cMRI could be used routinely as a non-invasive marker of specific predictive biomarker of the proliferative activity of PA. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Routinely use of DWI on diagnostic work-up of pituitary adenomas may help in establish the likely biological aggressive lesions.


Assuntos
Adenoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Antígeno Ki-67/análise , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenoma/química , Adenoma/patologia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Núcleo Celular/química , Proliferação de Células , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores/métodos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/química , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/patologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(29): e20826, 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702825

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The typical clinical presentations of patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) include generalized weakness, fatigue, high blood pressure, and potassium deficiency. However, normotensive PA is rare. Therefore, an atypical presentation of normal blood pressure is a challenge for the diagnosis and treatment of PA. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 43-year-old, thin, and tall woman (body mass index, 18.6 kg/m) with generalized weakness for 1 day presented to our emergency department, where hypokalemia was a significant finding. The initial diagnosis was anorexia nervosa with the evidence of renal potassium wasting with low urinary sodium and chloride levels, metabolic alkalosis, normal blood pressure, and low body mass index. However, neither vomiting features nor other specific induced vomiting features were noted. DIAGNOSES: The laboratory examination revealed high plasma aldosterone level, low plasma renin activity, and extremely high aldosterone-to-renin ratio indicating the diagnosis of PA, confirmed via adrenal computed tomography. INTERVENTIONS: Surgical adrenalectomy was performed. Pathological diagnosis was a benign cortical adenoma. OUTCOMES: Patient's serum potassium level and hormonal status became normalized after surgical removal of adrenal adenoma. She fully recovered without any further sequelae. LESSONS: It is too early to rule out PA based on the presence of normal blood pressure in a patient with metabolic alkalosis and renal wasting hypokalemia. Moreover, PA should be considered in a normotensive patient with an unknown hypokalemic etiology to avoid delayed diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Anorexia Nervosa/diagnóstico , Hiperaldosteronismo/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipopotassemia/diagnóstico , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adrenalectomia/métodos , Adulto , Aldosterona/sangue , Alcalose/etiologia , Anorexia Nervosa/psicologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperaldosteronismo/sangue , Hiperaldosteronismo/patologia , Hiperaldosteronismo/cirurgia , Hipopotassemia/etiologia , Debilidade Muscular/etiologia , Renina/sangue , Sódio/urina , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(22): e20414, 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481436

RESUMO

Endoscopic treatment of duodenal papillary tumors is well described. This study aims to provide new evidence for the treatment of benign papillary tumors through comparisons between endoscopic snare papillectomy (ESP) and endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR).Between May 2010 and December 2017, 72 patients were enrolled. Diagnosis and treatment procedures were ESP and EMR. Endoscopic follow-up evaluation was done periodically as a surveillance measurement for recurrence.Seventy-two patients with ampullary tumors were enrolled, of which 66 had adenomas including 9 high-grade intraepithelial neoplasias and 2 carcinomas in adenoma. Complete resections with tumor-free lateral and basal margins were achieved in all patients. Postoperative complications were bleeding (9.5% in EMR vs 10% in ESP) and pancreatitis (2.4% in EMR and 3.3% in ESP), with no occurrence of perforation, cholangitis or papillary stenosis. Adenoma recurrence was found in 7 patients (14.3% in EMR vs 3.3% in ESP) at 1 year.The ESP procedure is safe and effective for benign ampullary adenoma, high-grade intraepithelial neoplasias, and noninvasive cancer without intraductal tumor growth, which has a shorter procedural duration, as well as lower complication, recurrence rates and hospitalization costs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Duodenais/cirurgia , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Adenoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenoma/patologia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma/patologia , Carcinoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Duodenais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Duodenais/patologia , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/economia , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hospitalização/economia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
Dig Dis ; 38(5): 364-372, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32516770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic treatment for duodenal neoplasms is associated with a high risk of perforation. This study aimed to determine the feasibility of endoscopic treatment for sporadic nonampullary duodenal adenoma (SNDA). METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing endoscopic treatment for SNDA between January 2005 and December 2015 were included in the study. Clinical characteristics and endoscopic outcomes were analyzed using medical records. Long-term outcome was assessed in patients whose follow-up period was >12 months >1 year. RESULTS: A total of 95 lesions (92 patients) were treated with argon plasma coagulation (APC) ablation (n = 25), endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR, n = 59), or endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD, n= 11). The median age was 54.9 years, and 63% were male. In patients who underwent EMR and ESD, the en bloc resection rate was 83.1 and 90.0% (p > 0.99); and the complete resection rate was 81.4 and 80% (p > 0.99), respectively. Perforation occurred in 8 patients (8.7%), 4 of whom required surgery. The ESD group showed a significantly higher perforation rate than APC or EMR group (45.5 vs. 0 and 5.1%; p < 0.001). During the median follow-up period of 19 months (range 12-137 months), one patient in the APC ablation group experienced recurrence; no recurrences were seen among EMR and ESD groups. CONCLUSIONS: Favorable long-term outcomes indicate that endoscopic treatment is an effective approach for the treatment of SNDA. Considering the high risk of perforation associated with ESD, APC, or EMR may be an acceptable alternative.


Assuntos
Adenoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Duodenais/cirurgia , Endoscopia , Adenoma/patologia , Coagulação com Plasma de Argônio , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Clin Nucl Med ; 45(8): e358-e359, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32558723

RESUMO

Ectopic parathyroid adenomas are a common cause of postsurgical persistent primary hyperparathyroidism. Our case highlights a patient with a negative bilateral 4-gland exploration with follow-up parathyroid 4-dimensional CT and Tc-MIBI SPECT/CT, yielding focal uptake in the right piriform sinus. Subsequent direct laryngoscopy revealed a mass in the piriform sinus, which was resected with surgical pathology yielding parathyroid adenoma.


Assuntos
Adenoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada Quadridimensional , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/diagnóstico por imagem , Seio Piriforme/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Tecnécio Tc 99m Sestamibi , Adenoma/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/cirurgia
20.
Z Gastroenterol ; 58(8): 767-772, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32380553

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pyloric gland adenomas (PGAs) are very rare and underdiagnosed, mostly be founded in the stomach. Similar to colorectal adenomas they have a high risk of malignant transformation to adenocarcinoma up to 12-47 %. Endoscopic resections in the duodenum harbor a significant risk of complications. EMR is the current standard technique for treatment of duodenal non-ampullary adenomas. Complete resection rates are considerably high at about 90 %. Adverse events as bleeding was reported up to 25 %. ESD is not recommended for resection of duodenal lesions since the perforation rate may be as high as 35 %. Use of EFTR in the duodenum are limited to a single case study of 20 patients. CASE: A 67 year old patient with attenuated polyposis coli presented for screening. Gastroscopy showed a 20 mm large, non-ampullary lesions in the proximal duodenum (pars I). The margins of the duodenal lesions were marked with a high-frequency (HF) probe. An integrated balloon dilatation (20 mm) of the upper esophageal sphincter and the pylorus was performed to facilitate advancing of the gastroduodenal FTRD® (Ovesco Endoscopy AG). After pulling the duodenal lesion into the cap with a grasper the FTRD clip was deployed and the lesion immediately resected with the preloaded snare. A single-shot antibiotic prophylaxis with 2 g ceftriaxone i. v. was administered during the intervention. Second-look endoscopy was scheduled 24 h after resection. The resectat showed histologically a gastric type adenoma of 18 mm in the proximal duodenum (immunohistochemistry positive for Mucin-1, Mucin-5, Mib 1). CONCLUSION: Herein we present the first case of duodenal EFTR in a patient with attenuated FAP and a PGA. There are currently no specific guidelines for the removal and surveillance. ASGE recommends resection and surveillance endoscopy at 3-5 years interval.


Assuntos
Adenoma/cirurgia , Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Duodenais/cirurgia , Duodenoscopia/métodos , Adenoma/patologia , Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/patologia , Idoso , Neoplasias Duodenais/patologia , Duodenoscopia/instrumentação , Duodeno , Humanos , Masculino , Piloro , Resultado do Tratamento
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