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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5125-5140, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878801

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Neuroblastoma (NB), the most common extracranial malignant childhood tumor accounts for about 15% of cancer-related deaths in children. Despite the intensive treatment of patients with high-risk scarification of NB, clinical outcomes indicate tumor recurrence greater than 50% and late severe adverse effects. Oxazolidinones are 5-membered heterocyclic compounds with antibacterial activity against resistant bacterial strains. Structural modifications around the oxazolidinone moiety have resulted in derivatives with anti-cancer properties against proliferation, motility, and invasion of breast cancer cells. This study aimed to examine the anti-cancer potential of novel oxazolidinones against a model of a neuroblastoma cell line. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Newly synthesized and characterized triazolyl-oxazolidinone derivatives were incubated with neuroblastoma Kelly cells. The anti-proliferation and anti-progression effects of the compounds were evaluated by MTT, and adhesion with migration assays. RESULTS: The 5-nitrofuroyl glycinyl-oxazolidinone containing 4-methyltriazolyl group demonstrated the most potent activity with an IC50=6.52 µM. Furthermore, the D-isomer of 5-nitrothiophenecarbonyl alaninyl containing derivative reduced the adhesion to fibronectin by 56.34%, while the D-isomer of 5-nitrofuroyl alaninyl derivative reduced the migration of Kelly cells by 29.14%. CONCLUSION: The presence of the 4-methyltriazolyl moiety seems to enhance the anti-proliferative property of triazolyl-oxazolidinone derivatives, as demonstrated by PH-145. There is little or no effect of the stereochemistry of the alanine side-chain on the antiproliferative effect, as demonstrated by the 5-nitrofuroyl D- and L-alaninyl containing derivatives with similar IC50 values. The observed differences in the inhibition of adhesion and migration by the oxazolidinones on Kelly cells provide a new therapeutic approach that needs further investigation.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Oxazolidinonas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Neuroblastoma , Oxazolidinonas/síntese química , Oxazolidinonas/química
2.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 5825-5838, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32821104

RESUMO

Background and Purpose: The extracellular matrix (ECM) derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) has been used in regenerative medicine because of its good biological activity; however, its poor mechanical properties limit its application in bone regeneration. The purpose of this study is to construct a three dimensional-printed hydroxyapatite (3D-HA)/BMSC-ECM composite scaffold that not only has biological activity but also sufficient mechanical strength and reasonably distributed spatial structure. Methods: A BMSC-ECM was first extracted and formed into micron-sized particles, and then the ECM particles were modified onto the surface of 3D-HA scaffolds using an innovative linking method to generate composite 3D-HA/BMSC-ECM scaffolds. The 3D-HA scaffolds were used as the control group. The basic properties, biocompatibility and osteogenesis ability of both scaffolds were tested in vitro. Finally, a critical skull defect rat model was created and the osteogenesis effect of the scaffolds was evaluated in vivo. Results: The compressive modulus of the composite scaffolds reached 9.45±0.32 MPa, which was similar to that of the 3D-HA scaffolds (p>0.05). The pore size of the two scaffolds was 305±47 um and 315±34 um (p>0.05), respectively. A CCK-8 assay indicated that the scaffolds did not have cytotoxicity. The composite scaffolds had good cell adhesion ability, with a cell adhesion rate of up to 76.00±6.17% after culturing for 7 hours, while that of the 3D-HA scaffolds was 51.85±4.77% (p<0.01). In addition, the composite scaffold displayed higher alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, osteogenesis-related mRNA expression, and calcium nodule formation, thus confirming that the composite scaffolds had good osteogenic activity. The composite scaffolds exhibited good bone repair in vivo and were superior to the 3D-HA scaffolds. Conclusion: We conclude that BMSC-ECM is a good osteogenic material and that the composite scaffolds have good osteogenic ability, which provides a new method and concept for the repair of bone defects.


Assuntos
Durapatita/farmacologia , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Tecidos Suporte/química , Animais , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Osso e Ossos/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso e Ossos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Matriz Extracelular/efeitos dos fármacos , Hidrodinâmica , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/ultraestrutura , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237889, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32817625

RESUMO

Tenascin-C (TNC) is an extracellular matrix (ECM) glycoprotein that plays an important role in cell proliferation, migration, and tumour invasion in various cancers. TNC is one of the main protein overexpressed in breast cancer, indicating a role for this ECM molecule in cancer pathology. In this study we have evaluated the TNC loss-off-function in breast cancer cells. In our approach, we used dsRNA sharing sequence homology with TNC mRNA, called ATN-RNA. We present the data showing the effects of ATN-RNA in MDA-MB-231 cells both in monolayer and three-dimensional culture. Cells treated with ATN-RNA were analyzed for phenotypic alterations in proliferation, migration, adhesion, cell cycle, multi-caspase activation and the involvement in epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) processes. As complementary analysis the oncogenomic portals were used to assess the clinical implication of TNC expression on breast cancer patient's survival, showing the TNC overexpression associated with a poor survival outcome. Our approach applied first in brain tumors and then in breast cancer cell lines reveals that ATN-RNA significantly diminishes the cell proliferation, migration and additionally, reverses the mesenchymal cells phenotype to the epithelial one. Thus, TNC could be considered as the universal target in different types of tumors, where TNC overexpression is associated with poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , RNA de Cadeia Dupla/genética , Tenascina/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesão Celular/genética , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Prognóstico , RNA de Cadeia Dupla/farmacologia , Tenascina/antagonistas & inibidores
4.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4659-4676, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32636624

RESUMO

Background: Titanium implants are widely used in dental and orthopedic medicine. Nevertheless, there is limited osteoinductive capability of titanium leading to a poor or delayed osseointegration, which might cause the failure of the implant therapy. Therefore, appropriate modification on the titanium surface for promoting osseointegration of existing implants is still pursued. Purpose: Graphene oxide (GO) is a promising candidate to perform implant surface biofunctionalization for modulating the interactions between implant surface and cells. So the objective of this study was to fabricate a bioactive GO-modified titanium implant surface with excellent osteoinductive potential and further investigate the underlying biological mechanisms. Materials and Methods: The large particle sandblasting and acid etching (SLA, commonly used in clinical practice) surface as a control group was first developed and then the nano-GO was deposited on the SLA surface via an ultrasonic atomization spraying technique to create the SLA/GO group. Their effects on rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) responsive behaviors were assessed in vitro, and the underlying biological mechanisms were further systematically investigated. Moreover, the osteogenesis performance in vivo was also evaluated. Results: The results showed that GO coating was fabricated on the titanium substrates successfully, which endowed SLA surface with the improved hydrophilicity and protein adsorption capacity. Compared with the SLA surface, the GO-modified surface favored cell adhesion and spreading, and significantly improved cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs in vitro. Furthermore, the FAK/P38 signaling pathways were proven to be involved in the enhanced osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs, accompanied by the upregulated expression of focal adhesion (vinculin) on the GO coated surface. The enhanced bone regeneration ability of GO-modified implants when inserted into rat femurs was also observed and confirmed that the GO coating induced accelerated osseointegration and osteogenesis in vivo. Conclusion: GO modification on titanium implant surface has potential applications for achieving rapid bone-implant integration through the mediation of FAK/P38 signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Quinase 1 de Adesão Focal/metabolismo , Grafite/farmacologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Próteses e Implantes , Titânio , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Animais , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Grafite/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Osseointegração/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Propriedades de Superfície
5.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236171, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702047

RESUMO

Cell-substrate adhesion of the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum, a model organism often used for the study of chemotaxis, is non-specific and does not involve focal adhesion complexes. Therefore, micropatterned substrates where adherent Dictyostelium cells are constrained to designated microscopic regions are difficult to make. Here we present a micropatterning technique for Dictyostelium cells that relies on coating the substrate with an ∼1µm thick layer of polyethylene glycol (PEG) gel. We show that, when plated on a substrate with narrow parallel stripes of PEG-gel and glass, Dictyostelium cells nearly exclusive adhere to and migrate along the glass stripes, thus providing a model system to study one-dimensional migration of amoeboid cells. Surprisingly, we find substantial differences in the adhesion to PEG-gel and glass stripes between vegetative and developed cells and between two different axenic laboratory strains of Dictyostelium, AX2 and AX4. Even more surprisingly, we find that the distribution of Dictyostelium cells between PEG-gel and glass stripes is significantly affected by the expression of several fluorescent protein markers of the cytoskeleton. We carry out atomic force microscopy based single cell force spectroscopy measurements that confirm that the force of adhesion to PEG-gel substrate can be significantly different between vegetative and developed cells, AX2 and AX4 cells, and cells with and without fluorescent markers. Thus, the choice of parental background, the degree of development, and the expression of fluorescent protein markers can all have a profound effect on cell-substrate adhesion and should be considered when comparing migration of cells and when designing micropatterned substrates.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Dictyostelium/citologia , Corantes Fluorescentes/metabolismo , Microtecnologia/métodos , Polietilenoglicóis/farmacologia , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dictyostelium/efeitos dos fármacos , Géis/farmacologia , Análise Espectral
6.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(9): 2533-2542, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32656677

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the phytochemical constituents, antioxidant, antifungal, and anti-virulence activities of traditionally used Mezoneuron benthamianum leaves. Extracts were prepared using acetone and methanol, and the preliminary phytochemical screening was performed. The antioxidant activity was studied using the DPPH method. Anti-Candida albicans activity was established and the effect on the germ tube and phospholipase production, as well as on the host cell adherence was assessed. The extracts showed the presence of anthraquinones, cardiac glycosides, flavonoids, reducing sugars, saponins, steroids, tannins, and terpenoids. Gallic acid and trans-resveratrol were among the predominant phytochemicals found in M. benthamianum. The crude extracts presented significantly higher antioxidant activity than the ascorbic acid standard. At 0.39 mg/mL, acetone extract inhibited the growth of Candida albicans. At lower concentrations (200-50 µg/mL), it significantly inhibited the adherence ability (up to 51%), formation of hyphae (up to 65%), and the production of phospholipase. In conclusion, at high concentrations, M. benthamianum kills C. albicans, and at lower concentrations, it can inhibit the virulence properties of this pathogen. This study on crude extract validates the traditional use of this plant. However, further research is required to establish the anti-virulence activity of the two compounds and their therapeutic potential.


Assuntos
Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fabaceae/química , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Hifas/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/análise , Fosfolipases/genética , Fosfolipases/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Taninos
7.
Life Sci ; 258: 118136, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726662

RESUMO

The endothelium is a critical regulator of vascular homeostasis, controlling vascular tone and permeability as well as interactions of leukocytes and platelets with blood vessel walls. Consequently, endothelial dysfunction featuring inflammation and reduced vasodilation are considered central to cardiovascular disease (CVD) pathogenesis and have become a therapeutic area of focus. Type II endothelial cell (EC) activation by stress-related stimuli such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) initiates the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway, a master regulator of inflammatory responses. Because dysregulated NF-κB signaling has been tightly linked to several CVDs, EC-specific inhibition of NF-κB represents an attractive pharmacological strategy. As accumulating evidence highlights the clinical benefits of tea catechin for multiple diseases including CVDs, we sought to determine whether the tea catechin epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) that displays antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, hypolipidemic, anti-thrombogenic, and anti-hypertensive properties offers protection against CVDs by suppressing the canonical NF-κB pathway. Our findings indicate that EGCG downregulates multiple components of the TNF-α-induced NF-κB signaling pathway and thereby reduces the consequent increase in inflammatory gene transcription and protein expression. Furthermore, EGCG blocked type II EC activation, evidenced by diminished EC leakage and monocyte adhesion in EGCG-treated cells. In summary, our study advances knowledge of EGCG's anti-inflammatory effects on the NF-κB pathway and hence its benefits on endothelial health, supporting its therapeutic potential for CVDs.


Assuntos
Catequina/análogos & derivados , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Catequina/farmacologia , Catequina/uso terapêutico , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/patologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/patologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
8.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4471-4481, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606689

RESUMO

Background: Ineffective integration has been recognized as one of the major causes of early orthopedic failure of titanium-based implants. One strategy to address this problem is to develop modified titanium surfaces that promote osteoblast differentiation. This study explored titanium surfaces modified with TiO2 nanotubes (TiO2 NTs) capable of localized drug delivery into bone and enhanced osteoblast cell differentiation. Materials and Methods: Briefly, TiO2 NTs were subjected to anodic oxidation and loaded with Metformin, a widely used diabetes drug. To create surfaces with sustainable drug-eluting characteristics, TiO2 NTs were spin coated with a thin layer of chitosan. The surfaces were characterized via scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and contact angle measurements. The surfaces were then exposed to mesenchymal bone marrow stem cells (MSCs) to evaluate cell adhesion, growth, differentiation, and morphology on the modified surfaces. Results: A noticeable increase in drug release time (3 days vs 20 days) and a decrease in burst release characteristics (85% to 7%) was observed in coated samples as compared to uncoated samples, respectively. Chitosan-coated TiO2 NTs exhibited a considerable enhancement in cell adhesion, proliferation, and genetic expression of type I collagen, and alkaline phosphatase activity as compared to uncoated TiO2 NTs. Conclusion: TiO2 NT surfaces with a chitosan coating are capable of delivering Metformin to a bone site over a sustained period of time with the potential to enhance MSCs cell attachment, proliferation, and differentiation.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Quitosana/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Metformina/farmacologia , Nanotubos/química , Osteoblastos/citologia , Titânio/química , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Animais , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Forma Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanotubos/ultraestrutura , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoblastos/ultraestrutura , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos Wistar , Molhabilidade
9.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2694, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32483155

RESUMO

Toxin complex (Tc) toxins are virulence factors of pathogenic bacteria. Tcs are composed of three subunits: TcA, TcB and TcC. TcA facilitates receptor-toxin interaction and membrane permeation, TcB and TcC form a toxin-encapsulating cocoon. While the mechanisms of holotoxin assembly and pore formation have been described, little is known about receptor binding of TcAs. Here, we identify heparins/heparan sulfates and Lewis antigens as receptors for different TcAs from insect and human pathogens. Glycan array screening reveals that all tested TcAs bind negatively charged heparins. Cryo-EM structures of Morganella morganii TcdA4 and Xenorhabdus nematophila XptA1 reveal that heparins/heparan sulfates unexpectedly bind to different regions of the shell domain, including receptor-binding domains. In addition, Photorhabdus luminescens TcdA1 binds to Lewis antigens with micromolar affinity. Here, the glycan interacts with the receptor-binding domain D of the toxin. Our results suggest a glycan dependent association mechanism of Tc toxins on the host cell surface.


Assuntos
Toxinas Bacterianas/toxicidade , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesão Celular/fisiologia , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Animais , Toxinas Bacterianas/química , Toxinas Bacterianas/farmacocinética , Sítios de Ligação , Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Heparina/química , Heparina/metabolismo , Humanos , Insetos/microbiologia , Antígenos CD15/química , Antígenos CD15/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Morganella morganii/patogenicidade , Photorhabdus/patogenicidade , Polissacarídeos/química , Xenorhabdus/patogenicidade
10.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 3523-3537, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32547011

RESUMO

Background: Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) have a higher failure rate of dental implant treatments. However, whether titanium (Ti) implants with TiO2 nanotubes (TNT) surface can retain their biocompatibility and osteogenetic ability under DM conditions has not been investigated; in addition, their behavior in DM conditions is not well characterized. Materials and Methods: Pure Ti discs were surface treated into the polishing (mechanically polished, MP), sandblasted and acid-etched (SLA), and TNT groups. Scanning electron microscopy was used to examine the surface morphology. The cell adhesion and proliferation ability on different modified Ti surfaces at various glucose concentrations (5.5, 11, 16.5, and 22 mM) was detected by the CCK-8 assay. The osteogenetic ability on different modified Ti surfaces under high-glucose conditions was evaluated by alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteopontin (OPN) immunofluorescence, Western blot, and Alizarin Red staining in vitro. Detection of cell apoptosis and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) was undertaken both before and after N-acetylcysteine (NAC) treatment to assess the oxidative stress associated with different modified Ti surfaces under high-glucose conditions. An in vivo study was conducted in DM rats with different modified Ti femoral implants. The osteogenetic ability of different modified Ti implants in DM rats was assessed using a micro-CT scan. Results: High-glucose conditions inhibited cell adhesion, proliferation, and osteogenetic ability of different modified Ti surfaces. High-glucose conditions induced higher apoptosis rate and intracellular ROS level on different modified Ti surfaces; these effects were alleviated by NAC. Compared with the SLA surface, the TNT surface alleviated the osteogenetic inhibition induced by high-glucose states by reversing the overproduction of ROS in vitro. In the in vivo experiment, micro-CT scan analysis further confirmed the best osteogenetic ability of TNT surface in rats with DM. Conclusion: TNT surface modification alleviates osteogenetic inhibition induced by DM. It may provide a more favorable Ti implant surface for patients with DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/patologia , Nanotubos/química , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Titânio/farmacologia , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucose/toxicidade , Humanos , Masculino , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Osteopontina/metabolismo , Próteses e Implantes , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Propriedades de Superfície
11.
Int J Exp Pathol ; 101(3-4): 106-121, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32452573

RESUMO

Plant biodiversity is a source of potential natural products for the treatment of many diseases. One of the ways of discovering new drugs is through the cytotoxic screening of extract libraries. The present study evaluated 196 extracts prepared by maceration of Brazilian Atlantic Forest trees with organic solvents and distilled water for cytotoxic and antimetastatic activity. The MTT assay was used to screen the extract activity in MCF-7, HepG2 and B16F10 cancer cells. The highest cytotoxic extract had antimetastatic activity, as determined in in vitro assays and melanoma murine model. The organic extract of the leaves of Athenaea velutina (EAv) significantly inhibited migration, adhesion, invasion and cell colony formation in B16F10 cells. The phenolic compounds and flavonoids in EAv were identified for the first time, using flow injection with electrospray negative ionization-ion trap tandem mass spectrometry analysis (FIA-ESI-IT-MSn ). EAv markedly suppressed the development of pulmonary melanomas following the intravenous injection of melanoma cells to C57BL/6 mice. Stereological analysis of the spleen cross-sections showed enlargement of the red pulp area after EAv treatment, which indicated the activation of the haematopoietic system. The treatment of melanoma-bearing mice with EAv did not result in liver damage. In conclusion, these findings suggest that A velutina is a source of natural products with potent antimetastatic activity.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Florestas , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/prevenção & controle , Melanoma Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Solanaceae/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Células MCF-7 , Melanoma Experimental/secundário , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Folhas de Planta/química
12.
J Vis Exp ; (159)2020 05 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32449715

RESUMO

A biomimetic NM was developed to serve as a tissue-engineering biological scaffold, which can enhance stem cell anchorage. The biomimetic NM is formed from JBNTs and FN through self-assembly in an aqueous solution. JBNTs measure 200-300 µm in length with inner hydrophobic hollow channels and outer hydrophilic surfaces. JBNTs are positively charged and FNs are negatively charged. Therefore, when injected into a neutral aqueous solution, they are bonded together via noncovalent bonding to form the NM bundles. The self-assembly process is completed within a few seconds without any chemical initiators, heat source, or UV light. When the pH of the NM solution is lower than the isoelectric point of FNs (pI 5.5-6.0), the NM bundles will self-release due to the presence of positively charged FN. NM is known to mimic the extracellular matrix (ECM) morphologically and hence, can be used as an injectable scaffold, which provides an excellent platform to enhance hMSC adhesion. Cell density analysis and fluorescence imaging experiments indicated that the NMs significantly increased the anchorage of hMSCs compared to the negative control.


Assuntos
Biomimética/métodos , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Fibronectinas/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Nanotubos/química , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Matriz Extracelular/efeitos dos fármacos , Matriz Extracelular/ultraestrutura , Fluorescência , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/ultraestrutura , Nanotubos/ultraestrutura
13.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 2403-2417, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32308391

RESUMO

Purpose: To improve the surface bio-properties of polyetheretherketone (PEEK)/nano magnesium silicate (n-MS) composite (PC). Materials and Methods: The surface of PC was firstly treated by particle impact (PCP) and subsequently modified by concentrated sulfuric acid (PCPS). Results: PCPS surface exhibited not only macropores with sizes of about 150 µm (fabricated by particle impact) but also micropores with sizes of about 2 µm (created by sulfonation of PEEK) on the macroporous walls, and sulfonic acid (-SO3H) groups were introduced on PCPS surface. In addition, many n-MS nanoparticles were exposed on the microporous walls, which formed micro-nano structures. Moreover, the surface roughness and hydrophilicity of PCPS were obviously enhanced as compared with PC and PCP. Moreover, the apatite mineralization of PCPS in simulated body fluid (SBF) was obviously improved as compared with PC. Furthermore, compared with PC and PCP, PCPS exhibited antibacterial performances due to the presence of -SO3H groups. In addition, the responses (eg, adhesion and proliferation as well as differentiation) of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell of rat to PCPS were significantly promoted as compared with PC and PCP. Conclusion: PCPS with macro-microporous surface containing -SO3H groups and micro-nano structures exhibited antibacterial activity and induced cell responses, which might possess large potential for bone substitute and repair.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Cetonas/química , Silicatos de Magnésio/química , Nanopartículas/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Animais , Apatitas/química , Líquidos Corporais/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Ratos , Ácidos Sulfônicos/química , Propriedades de Superfície
14.
Toxicology ; 440: 152475, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32344006

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Curcumol, a guaiane-type sesquiterpenoid hemiketal extracted from the herb Rhizoma Curcumae, exhibits multiple-pharmacological activities. We previously reported that curcumol ameliorated hepatic fibrosis by inhibiting hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of curcumol on HSC migration and adhesion, and reveal its regulation mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cellular viability was determined by Cell Counting Kit-8. Cell migration was detected by boyden chamber and cell scratch experiment. Recombinant human periostin (rh POSTN) and adeno-associated viral (AAV)-GFP-periostin were used to achieve POSTN overexpression in vitro and in vivo, respectively. Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB)-p65 overexpression was achieved by using plasmid. ELISA was conducted to detect POSTN level. Immunohistochemistry, qRT-PCR, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence were performed to assess associated factor expression. RESULTS: Curcumol suppressed HSC migration and adhesion, and reduced the secretion and expression of POSTN. By gain of function POSTN in HSCs, using rh POSTN, we found that the inhibition of HSC migration and adhesion by curcumol depended on the decrease of POSTN. Besides, curcumol protection against chronic CCl4-caused hepatic fibrosis could be impaired by POSTN overexpression. Moreover, we showed that curcumol repressed NF-κB signaling and the production of pro-inflammatory factor. Importantly, curcumol down-regulation of POSTN was rescued by knock-in of NF-κB, as well as the inhibition of HSC migration and adhesion. CONCLUSION: These findings reveal the molecular mechanism of curcumol-reduced HSC migration and adhesion, by which points to the possibility of using curcumol based on NF-κB dependent POSTN for the treatment of fibrogenesis.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Células Estreladas do Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Fator de Transcrição RelA/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Intoxicação por Tetracloreto de Carbono/patologia , Intoxicação por Tetracloreto de Carbono/prevenção & controle , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Contagem de Células , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Proteínas Recombinantes
15.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1221: 309-329, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32274715

RESUMO

Tumor progression associated with hematogenous metastatic spread is a multistep process based on a cross-talk between tumor and stromal cells in a tumor microenvironment. In the blood circulation, tumor cells interact with blood cells through receptors such as selectin and integrins that promote tumor cells survival. At the metastatic sites, heparanase secreted by tumor or stromal cells is an important modifier of the tumor microenvironment while promoting tumor invasiveness and angiogenesis. Heparin, particularly low molecular weight heparin, is used for treatment of cancer patients with evidence of hypercoagulability. However, in preclinical studies heparins was shown to contain other biological activities that affect cancer progression including inhibition of heparanase, selectins and integrins. While ongoing clinical trials are assessing inhibition of heparanase on cancer progression, the remaining biological activities of heparins inhibiting cells adhesion, through selectins and integrins remains largely unexplored. This chapter addresses the potential role of heparins in oncology with respect to their anti-heparanase and anti-adhesive activities and aims to discuss aspects relevant for broader therapeutic application of heparins.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Glucuronidase/antagonistas & inibidores , Glucuronidase/metabolismo , Heparina/farmacologia , Metástase Neoplásica , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/farmacologia , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Metástase Neoplásica/tratamento farmacológico
16.
Phytomedicine ; 69: 153200, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32163831

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maslinic acid (MA), a natural triterpenoid from Olea europaea, prevents oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory cytokine generation. High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) has been recognized as a late mediator of sepsis, and the inhibition of the release of HMGB1 and the recovery of vascular barrier integrity have emerged as attractive therapeutic strategies for the management of sepsis. METHODS: We tested the hypothesis that MA induces sirtuin 1 and heme oxygenase-1, which inhibit the release of HMGB1 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated cells, thus inhibiting HMGB1-induced hyperpermeability and increasing the survival of septic mice. MA was administered after LPS or HMGB1 challenge, and the antiseptic activity of MA was determined based on permeability, the activation of pro-inflammatory proteins, and the production of markers for tissue injury in HMGB1-activated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and a cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis mouse model. RESULTS: MA significantly reduced the release of HMGB1 in LPS-activated HUVECs and attenuated the CLP-induced release of HMGB1. Additionally, MA alleviated HMGB1-mediated vascular disruption and inhibited hyperpermeability in mice, and in vivo analysis revealed that MA reduced sepsis-related mortality and tissue injury. CONCLUSION: Taken together, the present results suggest that MA reduced HMGB1 release and septic mortality and thus may be useful in the treatment of sepsis.


Assuntos
Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Sepse/metabolismo , Sepse/mortalidade , Sepse/patologia , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo
17.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(11): 5931-5937, 2020 03 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32127478

RESUMO

E-cadherin is a tumor suppressor protein, and the loss of its expression in association with the epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) occurs frequently during tumor metastasis. However, many metastases continue to express E-cadherin, and a full EMT is not always necessary for metastasis; also, positive roles for E-cadherin expression in metastasis have been reported. We hypothesize instead that changes in the functional activity of E-cadherin expressed on tumor cells in response to environmental factors is an important determinant of the ability of the tumor cells to metastasize. We find that E-cadherin expression persists in metastatic lung nodules and circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in two mouse models of mammary cancer: genetically modified MMTV-PyMT mice and orthotopically grafted 4T1 tumor cells. Importantly, monoclonal antibodies that bind to and activate E-cadherin at the cell surface reduce lung metastasis from endogenous genetically driven tumors and from tumor cell grafts. E-cadherin activation inhibits metastasis at multiple stages, including the accumulation of CTCs from the primary tumor and the extravasation of tumor cells from the vasculature. These activating mAbs increase cell adhesion and reduce cell invasion and migration in both cell culture and three-dimensional spheroids grown from primary tumors. Moreover, activating mAbs increased the frequency of apoptotic cells without affecting proliferation. Although the growth of the primary tumors was unaffected by activating mAbs, CTCs and tumor cells in metastatic nodules exhibited increased apoptosis. Thus, the functional state of E-cadherin is an important determinant of metastatic potential beyond whether the gene is expressed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Caderinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Caderinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Metástase Neoplásica , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Caderinas/genética , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica/tratamento farmacológico , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/metabolismo , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Processos Neoplásicos
18.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(14): 8013-8021, 2020 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32193335

RESUMO

AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) functions as an energy sensor and is pivotal in maintaining cellular metabolic homeostasis. Numerous studies have shown that down-regulation of AMPK kinase activity or protein stability not only lead to abnormality of metabolism but also contribute to tumor development. However, whether transcription regulation of AMPK plays a critical role in cancer metastasis remains unknown. In this study, we demonstrate that AMPKα1 expression is down-regulated in advanced human breast cancer and is associated with poor clinical outcomes. Transcription of AMPKα1 is inhibited on activation of PI3K and HER2 through ΔNp63α. Ablation of AMPKα1 expression or inhibition of AMPK kinase activity leads to disruption of E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion in vitro and increased tumor metastasis in vivo. Furthermore, restoration of AMPKα1 expression significantly rescues PI3K/HER2-induced disruption of cell-cell adhesion, cell invasion, and cancer metastasis. Together, these results demonstrate that the transcription control is another layer of AMPK regulation and suggest a critical role for AMPK in regulating cell-cell adhesion and cancer metastasis.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesão Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cromonas/farmacologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Lapatinib/farmacologia , Camundongos , Morfolinas/farmacologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Fosfoinositídeo-3 Quinase/farmacologia , Prognóstico , Receptor ErbB-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Análise Serial de Tecidos , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Ativação Transcricional , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
19.
Vascul Pharmacol ; 128-129: 106675, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32200116

RESUMO

The transformation of macrophages to foam cells is a critical component in atherosclerotic lesion formation. Maslinic acid (MA), a novel natural pentacyclic triterpene, has cardioprotective and anti-inflammatory properties. It is hypothesized that MA can suppress monocyte recruitment to endothelial cells and inhibit macrophage foam cells formation. Previous study shows that MA inhibits inflammatory effects induced by sPLA2-IIA, including foam cells formation. This study elucidates the regulatory effect of MA in monocyte recruitment, macrophage lipid accumulation and cholesterol efflux. Our findings demonstrate that MA inhibits THP-1 monocyte adhesion to HUVEC cells in a TNFα-dependent and independent manner, but it induces trans-endothelial migration marginally at low concentration. MA down-regulates both gene and protein expression on VCAM-1 and MCP-1 in HUVECs. We further showed that MA suppresses macrophage foam cells formation, as indicated from the Oil-Red-O staining and flow cytometric analysis of intracellular lipids accumulation. The effects observed may be attributed to the antioxidant properties of MA where it was shown to suppress CuSO4-induced lipid peroxidation. MA inhibits scavenger receptors SR-A and CD36 expression while enhancing cholesterol efflux. MA enhances cholesterol efflux transporters ABCA1 and ABCG1 genes expression marginally without inducing its protein expression. In this study, MA was shown to target important steps that contribute to foam cell formation, including its ability in reducing monocytes adhesion to endothelial cells and LDL peroxidation, down-regulating scavenger receptors expression as well as enhancing cholesterol efflux, which might be of great importance in the context of atherosclerosis prevention and treatment.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Colesterol/metabolismo , Células Espumosas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Transportador 1 de Cassete de Ligação de ATP/genética , Transportador 1 de Cassete de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Membro 1 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Membro 1 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/genética , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Quimiocina CCL2/genética , Quimiocina CCL2/metabolismo , Células Espumosas/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/metabolismo , Células THP-1 , Migração Transendotelial e Transepitelial/efeitos dos fármacos , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/genética , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/metabolismo
20.
J Mycol Med ; 30(2): 100939, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111506

RESUMO

Nosocomial infections by fungi are important causes of morbidity and mortality, and the adhesion capacity of yeast on abiotic and biotic surfaces has been considered an important step in this process. Als3 proteins are widely studied for their ability to allow Candida albicans to bind to various surfaces. The objective of the present study was to verify, with more details, the action of F2768-0318 in relation to its antifungal activity as well as its ability to act on C. albicans virulence factors related to adhesion and biofilm formation in vitro and in vivo by inhibiting the Als3 protein. F2768-0318 was assessed in tests of biofilm formation and adhesion on abiotic surfaces (polystyrene plates) and adherence on biotic surfaces, including human endocervical (HeLa) cells, human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and fresh buccal epithelial cells (BEC). Our results showed F2768-0318 was useful in reducing the adhesion and biofilm formation of C. albicans on abiotic surfaces, indicating the possibility of treating hospital materials and preventing biofilm formation on these types of equipment. Further studies are still needed, including optimization of the molecule to allow this molecule to be effective on other types of surfaces, such as human cells.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Candida albicans/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Candida albicans/fisiologia , Candidemia/tratamento farmacológico , Candidemia/microbiologia , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/microbiologia , Células Epiteliais/fisiologia , Feminino , Células HeLa , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Testes de Toxicidade
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