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1.
Water Sci Technol ; 80(3): 507-516, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596262

RESUMO

Adsorption characteristics of high-silica zeolites (HSZSM-5) for two selected sulfonamide antibiotics (SAs) (sulfamethoxazole and sulfadiazine) were investigated. The SAs were almost completely (>90%) removed from the water by HSZSM-5. Adsorption followed second-order kinetics with liquid-film diffusion as the dominant mechanism. SA adsorption capacity on high-silica zeolites was examined in terms of pH, temperature, and the presence of natural organic matter (NOM). HSZSM-5 had better adsorption performance in acidic conditions, and the apparent distribution coefficient indicated that SA0 species were the major contribution to the overall adsorption at pH of 2-10. Adsorption of SAs on HSZSM-5 was a spontaneous and exothermic physisorption process. SA removal by HSZSM-5 was a mixed mechanism through ion-exchange and hydrophobic interaction. HSZSM-5 has potential application prospects in removing SAs from wastewater.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/análise , Sulfonamidas/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Purificação da Água/métodos , Adsorção , Cinética , Dióxido de Silício
2.
Water Sci Technol ; 80(3): 529-540, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596264

RESUMO

A treatment and volume reduction process for a spent uranium-antimony catalyst has been developed. Targeted removal, immobilization and disposal of the uranium component has been confirmed, thus eliminating the radiological hazard. However, significant concentrations of antimony ([Sb] ≥ 25-50 mg L-1) remain in effluent from the process, which require removal in compliance with Korean wastewater regulations. Antimony(III/V) removal via co-precipitation with iron has been considered with optimal pH, dose and kinetics being determined. The effect of selected anions - Cl-, SO42- and PO43- - have also been considered, the latter present due to a prior uranium removal step. Removal of Sb(III) from both Cl- and SO42- media and Sb(V) removal from Cl- media to below release limits were found to be effective within 5 minutes at an iron dose of 8 mM (molar ratio, [FeIII]/[Sb] = 20) and a target pH of 5.0. However, Sb(V) removal from SO42- was significantly hampered requiring significantly higher iron dosages for the same removal performance. Phosphate poses significant challenges for the removal of Sb(V) due to competition between PO43- and Sb(OH)6- species for surface binding sites, attributed to similarities in chemistries and a shared preference for an inner vs outer binding mechanism.


Assuntos
Acrilonitrila/química , Antimônio/análise , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Adsorção , Compostos Férricos , Águas Residuárias
3.
Water Sci Technol ; 80(3): 575-586, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596268

RESUMO

Preparation and characterization of activated carbons (ACs) from oily sludge by physical and chemical activation using steam, ZnCl2 and FeCl3 were investigated. The characteristics of produced adsorbents were determined by iodine number, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) equation, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry and scanning electron microscopy analyses. Batch adsorption experiments for phenol and phosphate were performed to evaluate the efficiency of adsorbents. The optimum porous structure of adsorbents with a BET surface area of 1,259 m2 g-1, total pore volume of 1.22 cm3 g-1 and iodine number of 994 mg g-1 was achieved by ZnCl2 activation at 500 °C and impregnation ratio of 1:1. The adsorption data were well fitted to the pseudo-second-order kinetic model (R2>0.99) and Freundlich isotherm (R2>0.99). The maximum adsorption capacity of phenol (238 mg g-1) and phosphate (102 mg g-1) based on the Langmuir model was achieved at pH of 6.0 and adsorbent dose of 1 g L-1. Thermodynamic parameters were negative and showed that adsorption of phenol and phosphate onto the AC was feasible, spontaneous and exothermic. The results suggested that prepared AC was an effective adsorbent for removal of phenol and phosphate ions from the polluted water.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal , Fenol/análise , Fosfatos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Purificação da Água/métodos , Adsorção , Cinética , Esgotos , Soluções
4.
J Chem Phys ; 151(12): 124706, 2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575160

RESUMO

Most theories of the binding of molecules to surfaces or for the association between molecules treat the binding species as structureless entities and neglect their rigidity and the changes in their stiffness induced by the binding process. The binding species are also taken to be "ideal," meaning that the existence of van der Waals interactions and changes in these interactions upon molecular binding are also neglected. An understanding of the thermodynamics of these multifunctional molecular binding processes has recently come into focus in the context of the molecular binding of complex molecules, such as dendrimers and DNA grafted nanoparticles, to surfaces where the degree of binding cooperativity and selectivity, as well as the location of the binding transition, are found to be sensitive to the number of binding units constrained to a larger scale polymeric scaffold. We address the fundamental problem of molecular binding by extending classical Langmuir theory to describe the particular example of the reversible binding of semiflexible polymer chains to a solid substrate under melt conditions. The polymer chains are assumed to have a variable number N of binding units (segments) and to exhibit variable bending energies and van der Waals interactions in the bulk and on the surface, in addition to strong directional interactions with the surface. The resulting generalized Langmuir theory is applied to the examination of the influence of the chain connectivity of ideal polymers on the surface coverage Θ, transition binding temperature T1/2 at which Θ = 1/2, and on the derivative |dΘ/dT|T=T1/2 and the constant volume specific heat of binding, Cv bind, measures of the cooperativity and "sharpness" of the binding transition, respectively. Paper II is devoted to the impact of the van der Waals attractive interactions and chain stiffness on the reversible binding of nonideal polymer chains to a solid surface, including the enthalpy-entropy compensation phenomenon observed experimentally in many molecular and particle binding processes.


Assuntos
Modelos Químicos , Polímeros/química , Adsorção , Congelamento , Termodinâmica
5.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(9): 3215-3223, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529897

RESUMO

The modified fly ash (MFA) was prepared through roasting the mixture of fly ash and NaOH/Ca(OH)2 at 250 ℃ for 1.5 h. The physicochemical properties of MFA were analyzed by scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), surface area analyze (BET), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) techniques. Results from BET analysis showed that the BET of MFA was enlarged by 20.6 times compared with FA. Results from SEM analysis showed that the glass phase was dissolved, with a rough surface and porous structure. Results from FTIR analysis demonstrated that -OH played an important role in Cd2+ adsorption. Results from the static adsorption experiment revealed that the removal efficiency of Cd2+ reached 97.3% when 0.2 g MFA was applied while the concentration of Cd2+ was 100 mg·L-1, the solution pH was 7.0, the adsorption temperature was 25 ℃ and the adsorption time was 90 min. In addition, the coexisting cations (K+, Na+, Mg2+, and Ca2+) might inhibit Cd2+ adsorption. Among all the cations, Ca2+ showed a most significant inhibitory effect on the removal of Cd2+. Langmuir isotherm and the pseudo-second-order kinetic models could well describe the adsorption behavior of Cd2+ on MFA, with the maximum adsorption capacity of 55.77 mg·g-1. Meanwhile, thermodynamic studies showed that Cd2+ adsorption onto MFA was spontaneous and endothermic process. MFA had better adsorption capacity than FA and had certain application pro-spects in wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Cádmio/química , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Adsorção , Cinza de Carvão , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
6.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 85: 177-188, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471025

RESUMO

The effect of preparation parameters on the performance of zeolite for ammonium (20-300 mg N/L) adsorption from simulated wastewater is reported. It was found that the ratios of Na2O/SiO2 and Si/Al had a more important influence than crystallization time on zeolite adsorption properties. Relatively low Na2O/SiO2 ratios were beneficial for fabrication of zeolites with high proportions of micropore area and volume, which led to the surface adsorption mechanism being dominated by surface free energy and pore effects. However, with decreasing Si/Al ratios, the effect of ion-exchange was more prominent due to the high negative surface potential of zeolite. In addition, the concentration of weak acid sites on the zeolites was increased with lower ratios of Na2O/SiO2 and Si/Al, which may promote ammonium removal. Therefore, the most effective zeolite for ammonium removal, which was fabricated at Na2O/SiO2 = 1.375, Si/Al = 4 and crystallization time of 48 hr, exhibited the cooperative effects of adsorption, ion-exchange and a large amount of weak acid sites. The maximum ammonium adsorption capacity (35.06 ±â€¯0.98 mg/g) and the removal efficiency (94.44% ±â€¯4.00%) were obtained at the dosage of 4.0 g/L zeolite NaX at ammonium concentrations of 300 mg N/L and 20 mg N/L, respectively. The Freundlich isotherm and pseudo-first-order kinetics models provided excellent fitting for the ammonium adsorption process. In addition, zeolite NaX showed about 1.23-3.2 times the ammonium adsorption capacity of clinoptilolite. The stable and efficient reusability of zeolite NaX after five regeneration cycles demonstrated that this adsorbent has considerable potential for practical industrial applications.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio/química , Modelos Químicos , Zeolitas/química , Adsorção
7.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 85: 66-73, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471032

RESUMO

Arsenic (As) mobilization in soils is a fundamental step controlling its transport and fate, especially in the presence of the co-existing components. In this study, the effect of two commonly used herbicides, glyphosate (PMG) and dicamba, and two competing ions including phosphate and humic acid, on As desorption and release was investigated using batch and column experiments. The batch kinetics results showed that As desorption in the presence of competing factors conformed to the pseudo-second order kinetics at pH range of 5-9. The impact of phosphate on desorption was greatest, followed by PMG. The competitive effect of dicamba and humic acid was at the same level with electrolyte solution. In situ flow cell ATR-FTIR analysis was performed to explore the mechanism of phosphate and PMG impact on As mobilization. The results showed that PMG promoted As(III) desorption by competiting for available adsorption sites with no change in As(III) complexing structure. On the other hand, phophate changed As(III) surface complexes from bidentate to monodentate structures, exhibiting the most siginficant effect on As(III) desorption. As(V) surface complexes remained unchanged in the presence of PMG and phosphate, implying that the competitive effect for As(V) desorption was primarily determined by the available adsorption sites. Long-term (10 days) soil column experiments suggested that the effect of humic acid on As mobilization became pronounced from 3 days (18 PVs). The insights of this study help us understand the transport and fate of As due to herbicides application.


Assuntos
Arsênico/química , Herbicidas/química , Poluentes do Solo/química , Adsorção , Substâncias Húmicas , Cinética , Solo/química
8.
Water Sci Technol ; 80(2): 300-307, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537766

RESUMO

The aim of this work is to study the performances of isomeric α-, ß-, and γ-FeOOH (goethite, akaganéite and lepidocrocite, including five samples named as Gth1 and Gth2, Aka1 and Aka2, and Lep, respectively) for removing hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) from aqueous solutions. The adsorption mechanisms were explored by kinetic and isothermal experiments. Adsorption efficiencies under the different pH values, anions, and the levels of adsorbate and adsorbent were also measured. Results showed that the Cr(VI) adsorption by isomeric FeOOH could be best described by pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The processes of Cr(VI) isothermal adsorption could be greatly fitted by the Langmuir and Freundlich equations with the high correlation coefficients of R2 (>0.92). Also, there were the optimum pH values of 3.0-8.0 for FeOOH to adsorb Cr(VI), and their adsorption capacities were tightly related with the active sites of adsorbents. Cr(VI) adsorptions by these adsorbents were easily influenced by H2PO4-, and then SO42-, while there were little effects by Cl-, CO32- and NO3-. These obtained results could provide a potentially theoretical evidence for isomeric FeOOH materials applied in the engineering treatment of the polluted chromate-rich waters.


Assuntos
Cromo/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Purificação da Água/métodos , Adsorção , Cromo/análise , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
9.
Water Sci Technol ; 80(2): 329-338, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537769

RESUMO

In this study, biochar was prepared from Alternanthera philoxeroides (AP) under O2-limited condition at 350 °C (LB) and 650 °C (HB) and treated with aging by HNO3/H2SO4 oxidation. Structural changes of the biochar after aging treatment and the treatment's effect on Pb(II) absorption were explored. The results showed that oxygen-containing functional groups, aromatic structure and surface area of the biochar increased after the aging treatment. However, the integrity of the tubular structure was broken into fragments. The adsorption process of Pb(II) was in accordance with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and fitted by the Langmuir model. With the increase of pH, the adsorption capacities of Pb(II) increased gradually, and the adsorption effect was best at pH 5. The aged HB presented a decrease of the carboxyl group, which caused less adsorption capacity of Pb(II) than that of aged LB. The maximum adsorption capacities of Pb(II) on fresh biochar at 350 °C and 650 °C were 279.85 and 286.07 mg·g-1 and on aged biochar were 242.57 and 159.82 mg·g-1, respectively. The adsorption capacity of HB for Pb(II) was higher than that of LB, and the adsorption capacity of aged biochar for Pb(II) decreased obviously, which might be attributable to changes in physicochemical properties of biochar after the aging treatment.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal/química , Chumbo/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Adsorção , Cinética , Chumbo/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
10.
Water Sci Technol ; 80(2): 377-386, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537774

RESUMO

Sol-gel auto-combustion technique was used to synthesize spinel ferrite nanoparticles of Mn0.2Co0.8Fe2O4 (MCF). Using the modified Stöber method, these magnetic nanoparticles were encapsulated with silica to form the core/shell Mn0.2Co0.8Fe2O4/SiO2 (MCFS). The phase composition, morphology, particle size, and saturation magnetization of the encapsulated nanoparticles were studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD), high resolution-transition electron microscopy (HR-TEM), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). HR-TEM images indicated that particle size of the nanoparticles ranged from 15 to 40 nm, and VSM measurements showed that Ms of uncoated and coated samples were 65.668 emu/g and 61.950 emu/g and the Hc values were 2,151.9 Oe and 2,422.0 Oe, respectively. The effects of metal concentration, solution pH, contact time, and adsorbent dose of the synthesized nanoparticles on lead (Pb2+) ions removal from an aqueous solution were investigated. Based on Langmuir isotherm model, the results for peak adsorption capacity of the adsorbent under optimal conditions was 250.5 mg/g and 247 mg/g for MCF and MCFS, respectively. We concluded that Pb2+ adsorption occurred via a chemisorption mechanism based on the analysis of adsorption kinetics. The adsorbents displayed consistent adsorption efficiencies following three cycles of regeneration, indicating that these magnetic nanoparticles are promising candidates for wastewater purification.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas de Magnetita , Dióxido de Silício , Adsorção , Chumbo , Magnetismo
11.
Bioresour Technol ; 293: 122055, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472409

RESUMO

In this work, amphiphilic surfactant was obtained using dehydroabietic acid from pine rosin and then pre-adsorbed with acid-pretreated bamboo residues (AP-BR) to block the residual lignin adsorption site, which is expected to improve its enzymatic digestibility. Results from cryogenic-transmission electron microscopy (Cryo-TEM) indicated amphiphilic surfactant with PEG with polymerization degree of 34 (D-34) aggregated to form worm-like micelles, which improved enzymatic hydrolysis yield of AP-BR from 24.3% to 71.9% by pre-adsorbing with 0.8 g/L. Amphiphilic surfactants pre-adsorbed on AP-BR could reduce hydrophobicity of AP-BR, adsorption affinity and adsorption capacity of lignin for cellulase from 0.51 L/g to 0.48-0.32 L/g, from 2.9 mL/mg to 1.8-1.4 mL/mg, and from 122.3 mg/g to 101.9-21.4 mg/g, respectively. These changed properties showed compelling positive contributions (R2 > 0.9) for free enzymes in the supernatants and sequently for final enzymatic hydrolysis yield, which was caused by blocking non-productively hydrophobic adsorption between lignin and cellulase.


Assuntos
Celulase , Adsorção , Diterpenos de Abietano , Hidrólise , Lignina , Tensoativos
12.
Bioresour Technol ; 293: 122081, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479855

RESUMO

It is very important to utilize associated vegetable products as resources, especially in large-scale vegetable cultivation areas. In this study, pepper straw, a vegetable waste, was pyrolyzed into pepper straw biochars (PBs) to investigate their sorption potential for phthalate acid esters (PAEs). The results showed that PBs have porous structures and abundant surface functional groups. Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) and dimethyl phthalate (DMP) removal by PBs was divided into two stages, fast and slow sorption. The PBs pyrolyzed at 500 °C showed greater DBP and DMP sorption capacity than those pyrolyzed at 400 and 600 °C. Both chemical and physical sorption occurred in the whole sorption process of PAEs to PBs. It is proposed that converting pepper straw into biochars to use as sorbents could be an environmentally friendly way of vegetable waste resource utilization.


Assuntos
Ésteres , Ácidos Ftálicos , Adsorção , Carvão Vegetal , Dibutilftalato , Verduras , Água
13.
Bioresour Technol ; 293: 122068, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479856

RESUMO

This work aimed to examine a permanent magnetic cation-exchange resin (MCER) for synergistic co-removal of Cu(II) and tetracycline (TC) from their mixed solutions. Batch adsorption experiments and characterizations were performed to elucidate the adsorption mechanisms. The adsorption of Cu(II) followed the Langmuir isotherm model in most cases, while Freundlich isotherm model was more suitable for fitting TC adsorption, which was due to the surface coordination between adsorbed Cu(II) and TC and the formation of multilayer MCER-Cu-TC complexes. The equilibrium TC adsorption amount in binary Cu/TC system was about 5.5-13.5 times of that in sole system, whereas Cu(II) uptake was nearly unchanged. Decomplexing-bridging was ascribed as the primary mechanism, which involved the [Cu-TC] decomplexing and [resin-Cu] bridging for TC uptake. Moreover, these MCER microbeads could be reused with negligible loss in adsorption capacity during five adsorption-desorption cycles, indicative of great potential in synergistic co-removal of organics-Cu complexes from aqueous solutions.


Assuntos
Cobre , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Resinas de Troca de Cátion , Cinética , Tetraciclina
14.
Bioresour Technol ; 293: 122064, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491650

RESUMO

The current study presents a comprehensive comparison towards the potential of different microalgal-based materials for the removal of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) from water. Among the tested materials, microalgal biochar showed the highest removal efficiency (100%) of Cr(VI). The highest monolayer estimated adsorption capacities were 23.98, 25.19 and 24.27 mg/g at 5, 22 and 35 °C, respectively. Experimental data showed good compliance with pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The results of continuous column studies showed that the column removal efficiency increased from 52.33 to 57.58% by increasing the adsorbent dose from 0.125 to 0.200 g. Desorption efficiency of Cr(VI) by 0.1 M NaOH was increased from 51.16 to 59.41% by sonication bath as compared to roller shaker. More than 97% of desorbed Cr(VI) was recovered in less than 10 min by BaCl2. This study shows that non-living microalga materials are more effective than living cells in the removal and recovery of Cr(VI) from water.


Assuntos
Microalgas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Cromo , Água
15.
Bioresour Technol ; 293: 122071, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491651

RESUMO

Chitosan-ethylene glycol diglycidyl ether/TiO2 nanoparticles (CS-EGDE/TNP) composite was synthesized to be biosorbent for the removal of reactive orange 16 (RO16) dye from aqueous solution. The CS-EGDE/TNP composite was characterized via BET, XRD, FTIR, and SEM-EDX techniques. Response surface methodology (RSM) with Box-Behnken design (BBD) was applied to optimize the adsorption key parameters such as adsorbent dose (A: 0.02-0.08 g/L), RO16 dye concentration (B: 20-80 mg/L), solution pH (C: 4-10), temperature (D: 30-50 °C), and contact time (E: 30-90 min). The adsorption isotherm followed Freundlich model and pseudo-second order (PSO) kinetic model. The adsorption capacity of CS-EGDE/TNP for RO16 dye was 1407.4 mg/g at 40 °C. The adsorption mechanism of RO16 dye on the surface of CS-EGDE/TNP can be attributed to various interactions such as electrostatic attraction, n-π interaction, Yoshida H-bonding, and H-bonding. Results supported the potential use of CS-EGDE/TNP as effective adsorbent for the treatment of acid reactive dye.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Nanopartículas , Adsorção , Compostos Azo , Resinas Epóxi , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética
16.
Bioresour Technol ; 293: 122056, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514117

RESUMO

Aiming at optimizing the adsorption process of Chlorella vulgaris and cationic starch, the adsorption thermodynamic characteristics were evaluated. Different from inorganic calcium salt adsorbent, the adsorption nature of organic polymer cationic starch is exothermic (ΔH°â€¯< 0) and spontaneous (ΔG°â€¯< 0). Besides, the adsorption capacity and rate can be well described by Langmiur isotherm and pseudo second kinetic models. As results of exothermic nature and great driving force of lower temperature, the adsorption capacity and rate declined with the rising temperature. The maximal values of them were obtained at 278.15 K, which were 9148.14 mg microalgae (g cationic starch)-1 and 8.74 × 10-6 mg g-1 min-1. Additionally, with insufficient adsorbent, the highest adsorption efficiency (96.37%) was achieved at 278.15 K for stirring 150 min. For 288.15, 298.15, 308.15 and 318.15 K, the adsorption efficiency decreased to 93.77%, 86.75%, 83.32% and 81.57% and the time consumed were at least 40 min longer.


Assuntos
Chlorella vulgaris , Adsorção , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Polímeros , Amido , Temperatura Ambiente , Termodinâmica
17.
Bioresour Technol ; 293: 122102, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514120

RESUMO

This work evaluated the possibility of lead (Pb2+), cadmium (Cd2+) and copper (Cu2+) ions synergic scavenging by a chloro-phosphate impregnated biochar (CPBC) from aqueous solution. Adsorption experiments displayed that the adsorption capacity of heavy metals by CPBC can be improved better compared with the pristine biochar (BC). The X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis further demonstrated that the precipitation of Pb5(PO4)3Cl, Cd5(PO4)3Cl and Cu3(PO4)3 might be responsible for Pb2+, Cd2+ and Cu2+ scavenging. The competitive adsorption exhibited that Pb2+, Cd2+ and Cu2+ would compete for the same adsorption sites of CPBC when they coexisted and the adsorption affinity of CPBC was observed in the following order: Pb2+ > Cd2+ > Cu2+. The available phosphorus results suggested that the combination of biochar with phosphate materials can both improve the adsorption performance and reduce the risk of eutrophication by using phosphate materials which can provide a promising application for multiple heavy metals scavenging.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Cobre , Adsorção , Carvão Vegetal , Chumbo , Fosfatos
18.
Bioresour Technol ; 293: 122100, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518817

RESUMO

Alizarin Red S (ARS) has been extensively used in the dyeing industry. In order to effectively remove the ARS form dyeing wastewater, polyethyleneimine (PEI)-functionalized magnetic carbon nanotubes (PEI@MCNTs) adsorbent was successfully prepared and its adsorption performances were also investigated in detail. The PEI@MCNTs could efficiently remove the ARS from acidic aqueous solution (pH ≤ 6.0) within 40 min under room temperature. Benefiting from a large number of adsorption sites and multiple interactions, PEI@MCNTs possessed high selectivity towards ARS with spontaneous adsorption process. The maximum adsorption capacity of PEI@MCNTs for ARS was 196.08 mg g-1 obtained from Langmuir isotherm, higher than that of available conventional adsorbents. Moreover, the PEI@MCNTs could be easily collected by an external magnet, and then effectively regenerated through 10 mM NaOH solution. The prepared PEI@MCNTs could be considered as the promising adsorbent for the removal of anthraquinone dyes in large-scale wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Nanotubos de Carbono , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Antraquinonas , Cinética , Polietilenoimina
19.
Bioresour Technol ; 293: 122093, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518818

RESUMO

The endocarp of Wodyetia bifurcata was used to produce biochar by vacuum pyrolysis as an alternative adsorbent for methylene blue (MB) removal. The influence of different pyrolysis temperatures, particle diameters and activation agents in the adsorption process was studied. Kinetics and adsorption equilibrium were also evaluated. Biochar obtained at higher pyrolysis temperatures and activated with H3PO4 showed the best adsorptive capacities, achieving 83% of MB removal. The experimental data fitted better with pseudo-second order model. Isotherms performed at 25, 40, 50 and 60 °C showed that the adsorption of MB onto the activated biochar had no concentration dependence in the range studied. Experimental isotherms fitted well with the Freundlich and Sips models and the thermodynamic parameters suggested a physical adsorption mechanism in a heterogeneous surface, spontaneous at all temperatures evaluated. In brief, the activated carbon obtained from Wodyetia bifurcata can be a promising material for MB removal from aqueous solutions.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Azul de Metileno
20.
Planta Med ; 85(13): 1107-1113, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382302

RESUMO

Pyrrolizidine alkaloids are secondary plant constituents that became a subject of public concern because of their hepatotoxic, pneumotoxic, genotoxic, and cytotoxic effects. Due to disregardful harvesting and/or contamination with pyrrolizidine alkaloid-containing plants, there is a high risk of ingesting these substances with plant extracts or natural products. The limit for the daily intake was set to 0.007 µg/kg body weight. If contained in an extract, cleanup methods may help to minimize the pyrrolizidine alkaloid concentration. For this purpose, a material for depleting pyrrolizidine alkaloids in herbal preparations was developed based on the approach of molecular imprinting using monocrotaline. Molecular imprinted polymers are substances with specific binding characteristics, depending on the template used for imprinting. By means of group imprinting, only one molecule is used for creating selective cavities for many molecular pyrrolizidine alkaloid variations. Design of Experiment was used for the development using a 25 screening plan resulting in 64 polymers (32 MIPs/32 NIPs). Rebinding trials revealed that the developed material can compete with common cation exchangers and is more suitable for depleting pyrrolizidine alkaloids than C18- material. Matrix trials using an extract from Chelidonium majus show that there is sufficient binding capacity for pyrrolizidine alkaloids (80%), but the material is lacking in selectivity towards pyrrolizidine alkaloids in the presence of other alkaloids with similar functional groups such as berberine, chelidonine, and coptisine. Beyond this interaction, the selectivity could be proven for other structurally different compounds on the example of chelidonic acid.


Assuntos
Impressão Molecular/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides de Pirrolizidina/isolamento & purificação , Adsorção , Benzofenantridinas/isolamento & purificação , Berberina/análogos & derivados , Berberina/isolamento & purificação , Chelidonium/química , Echium/química
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