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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639790

RESUMO

Both COVID-19 and ageism can have a negative impact on the well-being of older people. Yet, our knowledge on the links between COVID-19, ageism and well-being is still emerging. The present study aimed to contribute to this knowledge by exploring the lived experiences of older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. To do so, we analyzed older persons' subjective experiences and perceptions of ageism arising from COVID-19-related policies and discourses in two country contexts-Austria and Ireland-and the implications of these experiences for personal well-being. Based on the thematic analysis of 27 interviews with older adults, we found that participants perceived and encountered a discriminatory homogeneous representation of older people as a group. Three specific forms of this homogenization, namely stigmatization, paternalism, and scapegoating, were identified as impact on well-being. Moreover, our analysis showed how these forms of ageism challenge both the individual and social identities of older people, revealing older participants' different attitudes in responding to this challenge. With reference to the international research literature, we discussed the impact of these experiences on the well-being of older people and the possible legal and socio-political implications of our findings.


Assuntos
Ageismo , COVID-19 , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estereotipagem
2.
Front Public Health ; 9: 662231, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540778

RESUMO

The Covid-19 pandemic has been particularly difficult for older Canadians who have experienced age discrimination. As the media can provide a powerful channel for conveying stereotypes, the current study aimed to explore how Canadian Francophone older adults and the aging process were depicted by the media during the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic, and to examine if and how the media discourse contributed to ageist attitudes and behaviors. A content analysis of two French Canadian media op-eds and comment pieces (n = 85) published over the course of the first wave of the pandemic was conducted. Findings reveal that the aging process was mainly associated with words of decline, loss, and vulnerability. More so, older people were quasi-absent if not silent in the media discourse. Older adults were positioned as people to fight for and not as people to fight along with in the face of the pandemic. The findings from this study enhance the understanding of theories and concepts of the Theory of Social Representations and the Stereotype Content Model while outlining the importance of providing older people with a voice and a place in the shaping of public discourse around aging. Results also illustrate the transversality and influence of ageism in this linguistic minority context.


Assuntos
Ageismo , COVID-19 , Idoso , Canadá , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
3.
J Aging Soc Policy ; 33(4-5): 305-319, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542025

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted life globally through virus-related mortality and morbidity and the social and economic impacts of actions taken to stop the virus' spread. It became evident early in the pandemic that COVID-19 and the strategies adopted to mitigate its effects would have a disproportionate impact on older adults. This special issue of the Journal of Aging & Social Policy reports original empirical research and perspectives on the ramifications of the COVID-19 pandemic for this population. This introductory essay highlights key issues pertaining to the impact of COVID-19 on older adults and their families, caregivers, and communities. The prevalence and susceptibility of COVID-19 infection in the older adult population is discussed, including the devastating consequences of the pandemic for residents and staff of long-term care facilities. This is followed by a brief examination of ageism and social isolation brought to the fore during the pandemic, as well as the adverse effects of the pandemic for the economy and racial and ethnic minority populations. It concludes with an overview of issue content.


Assuntos
Ageismo , COVID-19/etnologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Casas de Saúde , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Idoso , COVID-19/mortalidade , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444578

RESUMO

Recently, 194 World Health Organization member states called on the international organization to develop a global campaign to combat ageism, citing its alarming ubiquity, insidious threat to health, and prevalence in the media. Existing media studies of age stereotypes have mostly been single-sourced. This study harnesses a 1.1-billion-word media database comprising the British National Corpus and Corpus of Contemporary American English-with genres including spoken/television, fiction, magazines, newspapers-to provide a comprehensive view of ageism in the United Kingdom and United States. The US and UK were chosen as they are home to the largest media conglomerates with tremendous power to shape public opinion. The most commonly used synonym of older adults was identified, and its most frequently used descriptors were analyzed for valence. Such computational linguistics techniques represent a new advance in studying aging narratives. The key finding is consistent, though no less alarming: Negative descriptions of older adults outnumber positive ones by six times. Negative descriptions tend to be physical, while positive ones tend to be behavioral. Magazines contain the highest levels of ageism, followed by the spoken genre, newspapers, and fiction. Findings underscore the need to increase public awareness of ageism and lay the groundwork to design targeted societal campaigns to tackle ageism-one of our generation's most pernicious threats.


Assuntos
Ageismo , Estereotipagem , Opinião Pública , Televisão , Estados Unidos
6.
7.
J Aging Stud ; 58: 100956, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425984

RESUMO

Using theoretical tools from trans studies and disability/crip studies, we reconceptualize the self in the context of dementia. We illustrate that most dementia discourse, scholarship and intervention emphasize a maintenance of the pre-dementia self. We argue that the compulsory biographical continuity needed to maintain the pre-dementia self is based on interlocking forms of ageism, ableism, and cogniticism, and interacts with what we call cisism (the oppressive system that discriminates against people on the basis of change) and its normative components, cisnormativity* and ciscognonormativity. After providing a critical genealogy of the term cisnormativity*, we resignify and redeploy this concept in the context of dementia, demonstrating how it is useful for critiquing compulsory biographical continuity. Following the verbs queering and cripping, we propose a transing of dementia that leads to a new conceptualization of the self that is fluid and changing, rather than one anchored in multiple oppressions.


Assuntos
Ageismo , Demência , Humanos
8.
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 29(10): 1027-1032, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389221

RESUMO

This article explores the nature and extent of barriers to access to justice that older persons experience, including those with mental health conditions. It finds that access to justice-the right to fair, prompt and responsive decisions by administrative decision-makers and equal access to courts and tribunals to obtain timely and effective remedies-is not only an important right in itself but also enables the enjoyment of many other human rights. Yet older persons, particularly those with mental health conditions, face a significant "justice gap." Ageist attitudes, laws and practices interact with other forms of bias such as mentalism, sexism, ableism, racism, homophobia, and heterosexism exacerbating older persons' disadvantage and marginalization, particularly those with mental health conditions, and older indigenous persons. These discriminatory practices, together with the phenomena of elder abuse, all severely limit older persons' access to timely and responsive justice. International and national standards, both general and specific to older persons, have been shown to be inadequate to respond to this justice gap. An international standard in the form of a binding legal obligation that specifically addresses older persons' rights of access to justice is needed urgently as part of a new international treaty on the human rights of older persons.


Assuntos
Ageismo , Transtornos Mentais , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Direitos Humanos , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Justiça Social
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34208609

RESUMO

People from different cultures are often hospitalized while the staff treating them do not have sufficient knowledge about the attitudes and feelings of the patients regarding culture and health. To fill this gap, the aim of this study was to examine the perspective of Israeli older adult hospital in-patients regarding the association between health and culture and to understand the meaning of the participants' experiences with regards to the medical staff's attitude towards them. This study was carried out using qualitative methodology that followed the interpretive interactionism approach. The research participants were 493 (mean age 70.81, S.D.: 15.88) in-patients at internal care departments at a hospital in Israel who answered an open-ended question included in the questionnaire as part of a wide study held during 2017 to 2018. Two main themes were found: (1) a humane attitude of respect and the right to privacy and (2) beliefs, values, and traditional medicine that are passed down through generations. The findings highlighted the issue of the patients' cultural heritage and ageist attitudes they ascribed to the professional staff. This study provided recommendations for training the in-patient hospital workforce on the topic of cultural competence, beginning from the stage of diagnosis through treatment and to discharge from the hospital, in order to improve the service.


Assuntos
Ageismo , Pacientes Internados , Idoso , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Hospitais , Humanos , Israel , Recursos Humanos em Hospital
10.
Adv Gerontol ; 34(2): 311-318, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245517

RESUMO

The article is aimed to analyze social effects of digitalization using the example of the elderly in big city. Digitalization in this article is considered in two aspects: as introduction of digital technologies in everyday life (as well as «smart city¼); and digital transformation of professional practices. Special attention is paid to such phenomena as techno-ageism (exclusion of older people from the digital sphere) and related technostress.


Assuntos
Ageismo , Idoso , Tecnologia Digital , Humanos , Federação Russa
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201454

RESUMO

The extent to which older adults' ageist attitudes associate with their will-to-live has barely been studied. Moreover, whether this effect is moderated by older adults' age, medical conditions, and attitudes toward their own aging has not been investigated. These associations were examined by two studies. Study 1 examined the relationship between ageist attitudes and will-to-live among individuals aged 48-97, and the moderating roles of age and medical conditions on this connection. Study 2 reassessed this connection in a new sample of older adults (people aged 60-94 years) and examined the moderating role of their attitudes toward aging in this regard. In line with the hypothesis of the first study, ageist attitudes and will-to-live were negatively associated among older adults with more medical conditions. In accordance with the hypotheses of study 2, the ageist attitudes and will-to-live connection was reconstructed, and when regressed on the ageist attitudes × attitudes toward aging interaction, it remained significant only among those with increased ageist attitudes. These findings demonstrate the negative effect that ageist attitudes may have on will-to-live, especially among the very old, and particularly when their health deteriorates, and support the utility of interventions aimed at increasing their will-to-live.


Assuntos
Ageismo , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Atitude , Humanos , Pesquisadores
12.
Front Public Health ; 9: 679711, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34327186

RESUMO

Ageism in media and society has increased sharply during the Covid-19-crisis, with expected negative consequences for the health and well-being of older adults. The current study investigates whether perceived ageism during the crisis longitudinally affects how people perceive their own aging. In June 2020, N = 611 older adults from Luxembourg [aged 60-98 years, M age (SD) = 69.92(6.97)] participated in a survey on their perception of the crisis. In October 2020, N = 523 participated in a second measurement occasion. Participants reported on perceived ageism during the crisis in different domains, their self-perceptions of aging and subjective age. In latent longitudinal regression models, we predicted views on aging at T2 with perceived ageism at T1, while controlling for baseline views on aging and covariates. Perceived ageism at T1 increased self-perceptions of aging as social loss and yielded a trend for physical decline, while there were no effects on subjective age and self-perceptions of aging as continued growth. Views on aging are powerful predictors of well-being and health outcomes in later life. Our data suggest that being the target of ageism during the crisis negatively affects older adults' self-perceptions of aging and this impact may be felt beyond the current crisis.


Assuntos
Ageismo , COVID-19 , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Humanos , Luxemburgo , Percepção , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Hum Resour Health ; 19(1): 82, 2021 07 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34256785

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has made clear the extreme needs of the public health workforce. As societies discuss how to build up the capacity and infrastructure of their systems, it is crucial that young professionals are involved. Previous attempts to incorporate young professionals into the public health workforce have wrestled with inaccessibility, tokenisation, and a lack of mentorship, leading to a loss of potential workforce members and a non-representative workforce that reinforces systemic societal exclusion of diverse young people. These barriers must be addressed through robust mentorship structures, intentional recruitment and continuous support, as well as genuine recognition of the contributions of young professionals to build the sustainable, interdisciplinary, unified public health that is necessary for the future.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Mão de Obra em Saúde , Mentores , Seleção de Pessoal , Saúde Pública , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Ageismo , COVID-19 , Planejamento em Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias , Adulto Jovem
14.
15.
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 29(10): 995-999, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330627

RESUMO

The pandemic has put the spotlight on older people and on the topic of ageism. In early 2021, a call was made for input into the Thematic Report on Ageism and Discrimination to inform the United Nations Independent Expert on the Rights of Older Persons' forthcoming report to the 48th session of the Human Rights Council. The aim of this paper is to articulate the International Psychogeriatric Association (IPA) and the World Psychiatric Association Section of Old Age Psychiatry (WPA-SOAP) response to this call. This brief statement on ageism with a special focus on older people with mental health conditions is divided into three sections. We start by outlining the various manifestations of ageism in varied contexts and countries with a primary focus on the pandemic. Possible consequences of ageism with a focus on older people's mental health and well-being are outlined. We conclude by discussing ways to overcome ageism and reduce its occurrence, especially during times of extreme conditions.


Assuntos
Ageismo , COVID-19 , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Pandemias
16.
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 29(10): 1015-1020, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34226135

RESUMO

Although older persons wish to age at home, many older persons with mental health conditions and psychosocial disability (MHC-PSD) spend the last few years of their life in residential facilities. This paper will examine the impact of ageism and human rights violations manifested in environmental design, specifically regarding social isolation, loneliness, inadequate psychosocial, environmental, recreational and spiritual support. This is compounded by failure to meet basic care needs-nutrition, hydration, pain and medication support. This paper highlights two innovative initiatives from the Netherlands, which show that older persons' rights can be maintained in innovative, collective living arrangements. It is concluded that the creation of inclusive and safe environments for older persons with MHC-PSD can facilitate the enjoyment of Human Rights.


Assuntos
Ageismo , Pessoas com Deficiência , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Direitos Humanos , Humanos , Solidão , Saúde Mental
17.
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 29(10): 1047-1052, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34272155

RESUMO

Ageism and human rights violations may pervade each of the potential factors underlying suicidal ideation or behavior in older persons, including physical and mental health, disability, relationships, and social factors. We outline how infringements of human rights and ageism may create or exacerbate risk factors associated with suicide in older persons. Strategies to address these issues are discussed, including tackling ageism, psychosocial interventions and education. A United Nations convention on the rights of older persons would create a uniform standard of accountability across health and social systems. Future studies are needed to evaluate the effects of alleviating ageism and human rights violations on suicide.


Assuntos
Ageismo , Suicídio , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Direitos Humanos , Humanos , Ideação Suicida , Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Nações Unidas
18.
Psychol Aging ; 36(6): 700-709, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34291962

RESUMO

What are the consequences for older adults who confront ageism and the perpetrators who engage in ageist behaviors? We compared young (n = 265), middle-aged (n = 338), and older adults' (n = 235) impressions of an older target and the perpetrator of an ageist action. Participants read a vignette about a pedestrian offering unwanted help to an older woman crossing the street. We manipulated the type of ageism (benevolent or hostile), the reaction of the older target (acceptance, moderate confrontation, or strong confrontation) and assessed perceptions of perpetrator appropriateness and how evaluations of warmth, competence, and overall impression of the target changed over time. The perpetrator's act of benevolent ageism was perceived to be more appropriate than hostile ageism, and middle-aged and older adult participants reported the benevolent act to be more acceptable than young participants. This finding supports an age stereotype assimilation account. For target perceptions, accepting a hostile ageist behavior led to lower warmth and competence ratings but accepting benevolent ageism reduced warmth but not competence evaluations. Age differences in target perceptions were predicted by social identity theory, in that older adults rated the older target more positively overall. Perceptions of targets who confronted varied by type of ageism and the intensity of the confrontation. When participants perceived the target's reaction to be disproportionate to the ageist act, the target was viewed more negatively overall. The findings suggest that ageism directed toward older adults is perceived to be normative by adults of all ages and that confrontations of ageist behavior result in negative perceptions of the older target. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Ageismo/psicologia , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Atitude , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ageismo/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Identificação Social , Estereotipagem , Adulto Jovem
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