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1.
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd ; 1662022 03 28.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35499683

RESUMO

A 68-year-old patient was referred to the dermatology clinic with a large destructive tumour on his nose. Due to COVID-19-related fear, he had avoided his regular dermatology appointments. Histopathology revealed a poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. This case demonstrates the impact of delayed healthcare due to fear of COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Idoso , Agendamento de Consultas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Nariz , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
2.
Ann Plast Surg ; 88(3 Suppl 3): S163-S169, 2022 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35513315

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Upper extremity infections (UEIs), commonly caused by intravenous drug use and direct trauma to the hand, can be devastating. Many studies support hand therapy postoperatively to improve outcomes. This population of patients often experience increased returns to the emergency department (ED) for treatment, repeat surgery, poor function, and increased hospital expenditure.This is a 2-phase study to investigate and intervene on the care pathway for patients undergoing surgery for UEI at a single urban university hospital. For the first 6-month phase, all patients with UEI requiring surgery received the standard of care, including written discharge instructions, a scheduled follow-up, and a determination for hand therapy based on evaluation. During the second phase, over the following 6 months, all patients with UEI requiring surgery received an intervention before discharge, in addition to standard of care, including a scripted educational session on the importance of hand therapy by a resident physician, home exercise program instructions, and a referral to hand therapy before discharge. Outcome measures were assessed for 6 months. Outcome measures included follow-up, hand therapy attendance, ED visits for the same complaint, readmissions, and reoperations.Forty-seven patients were in the first control group without intervention and 41 patients were in the second intervention group. Of the control group, 43% attended a follow-up appointment, 2% attended hand therapy, and 45% presented to the ED, resulting in a total of 167 visits. Eleven presented to the ED and were readmitted for complications from surgery, all 11 required a second operation. In the intervention group, 54% attended a follow-up appointment (P = 0.044), more patients attended hand therapy (22% P = 0.013), and 24% presented to the ED (P = 0.047), resulting in 40 ED visits.Seven were readmitted for complications from surgery and 4 required a second operation (P = 0.1). Early, simple intervention and education prove to be an effective method to decrease emergency department burden and healthcare expenditure for treatment of a challenging population. Although additional education and referral to hand therapy utilization do not change operation rates, it decreased returns to the ED, readmissions, and increased follow-up.


Assuntos
Alta do Paciente , Readmissão do Paciente , Agendamento de Consultas , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Extremidade Superior/cirurgia
3.
Inquiry ; 59: 469580221092831, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35499502

RESUMO

Aim: This study aimed to investigate the influencing factors of the medical-seeking behavior of patients in a hospital in Nanning and descriptively analyze the main factors to further improve the medical system and optimize the allocation of health resources. Subject and methods: The willingness to seek medical treatment questionnaire survey was conducted on patients who were in the outpatient clinic of a hospital in Nanning from Jun 2018 to Aug 2019. The patients' basic information was analyzed descriptively using the SPSS 23.0 software package, and the influencing factors of the willingness to seek medical treatment were analyzed by univariate analysis method. In addition, the importance of influencing factors in patient preference to seek medical treatment was explored by constructing a decision tree model. Results: A total of 3428 questionnaires were valid and the effective rate was 93.78%. Region, age, occupation, educational level, monthly income, insurance type, and disease type demonstrated diverse influences on the medical expenses of patients. In addition, differences were found between occupation and patient insurance situation, personal willingness to seek medical treatment, reasons for visiting the hospital, medical selection standard, preferred medical treatment location for common diseases, waiting time, treatment time, and manner of understanding the disease. Conclusion: Increasing attention has been paid on the patients' preference for medical treatment and their satisfaction with medical services. Medical institutions should reasonably allocate the proportion of medical insurance reimbursement and diversify the registration and appointment methods. Patients should be treated in different periods and properly allocated to improve the service mechanism of primary medical institutions. In addition, it is necessary to improve the medical publicity model and the efficiency of medical services according to the needs of patients, so as to relieve the pressure of medical treatment in large general hospitals.


Assuntos
Hospitais , Preferência do Paciente , Agendamento de Consultas , Árvores de Decisões , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 11(9): e024066, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35499969

RESUMO

Background There has been a focus on alternative cardiac rehabilitation (CR) delivery models aimed at improving CR adherence and completion. We examined pre- and post-CR health outcomes, reasons for discharge, and predictors of completion using a patient-driven appointment-based CR approach that uses center-scheduled class start times. Methods and Results Data were used from an urban single-center CR program at Yale New Haven Health (2012-2017) that enrolled 2135 patients. We evaluated pre- and post-CR outcomes (12 weeks) using paired t tests and used a multivariable logistic regression model to examine predictors of CR completion (≥36 sessions) for the overall cardiovascular disease population. The mean age of participants was 65±12 years, 27.9% were women, and 5.1% were Black patients, and patients completed a median of 30 of 36 sessions. Patients achieved significant improvements in health outcomes, including across age and sex subgroups. The primary reason for discharge was completion of all 36 sessions of CR (46.4%). The final logistic regression model contained 12 predictors: age, sex, Black race, marital status, employment, number of physician-reported risk factors, dietary fat intake >30%, obesity, lack of exercise, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and self-reported stress and physical activity. Conclusions We demonstrated that patients participating in an appointment-based CR program achieved significant improvements in health outcomes and across sex/age subgroups. In addition, older individuals were more likely to complete CR. An appointment-based approach could be a viable alternative CR method to aid in optimizing the dose-response benefit of CR for patients with cardiovascular disease.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Cardíaca , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Idoso , Agendamento de Consultas , Reabilitação Cardíaca/métodos , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente
5.
Inquiry ; 59: 469580221081407, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35527715

RESUMO

To explore the application of plan-do-check-action (PDCA) cycle management model in the management outpatient appointment, and improve the efficiency of outpatient appointment services. The data of outpatients from January 2019 to December 2020 were collected from a tertiary class B general hospital affiliated to a university in Shanghai. Through the investigation and analysis of the current situation, the reasons were found for the low rate of outpatient appointment. PDCA management was carried out, and measures were formulated for continuous improvement and the effective measures were standardized. The appointment rate, recognition rate and the utilization rate of self-service appointment (handheld hospital and self-service machine) were analysed after the intervention of PDCA. Through PDCA cycle management model, the appointment rate of outpatients increased from 9.93% before improvement to 82.50% after improvement, and the recognition rate of patients increased from 51.39% to 92.76%. The utilization rate of self-service appointment increased from 1.03% to 56.38%. Through the construction of multi-channel, wide coverage and convenient operation of the appointment service system, the PDCA cycle management model effectively improves the efficiency of the outpatient appointment services.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Agendamento de Consultas , China , Humanos , Centros de Atenção Terciária
6.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 619, 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534875

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonattendance is a common problem worldwide. Important factors for nonattendance are a queue or the waiting time until the planned service. AIMS: The aims of this study were to identify the reasons for nonattendance to planned consultations, assess the waiting time from registration to access to an outpatient specialist consultation, and identify the associations between the reasons for nonattendance and the waiting time until the planned outpatient specialist consultation. METHODS: A cross-sectional study based on a phone questionnaire was conducted among patients not attending a planned consultation at the outpatient department of the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Kaunas Hospital in Kaunas, Lithuania. A total of 972 phone calls were made, and 389 telephone surveys were completed. RESULTS: The mean respondents' waiting time until the planned outpatient consultation was 15.13 ± 10 days. The highest proportion of nonattendance was observed when the wait time was between 6 and 17 days. More often, the patients did not attend the planned outpatient consultation due to worsened health status (24.69%), unidentified personal problems (14.91%), work-related problems (13.62%) and being unaware about the appointment (11.82%). A longer waiting time was significantly associated with the following reasons for nonattendance: work-related problems, health problems solved at another health care institution, unidentified personal problems and unknown reasons for nonattendance. The highest proportions of nonattending patients had consultations registered with neurologists (17.0%), traumatologists (11.3%) and cardiologists (10.5%). CONCLUSIONS: Patients did not identify the long waiting time until outpatient specialist consultation among the main reasons for nonattendance. The issue of waiting time is not an important aspect of nonattendance.


Assuntos
Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Listas de Espera , Agendamento de Consultas , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Intern Med J ; 52(4): 683-685, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35419966

RESUMO

Outpatient services, largely dedicated to routine follow up, have been under increasing pressure in recent years. The growing and ageing UK population has been a large driver of this pressure, requiring a significant increase in annual outpatient appointments. Many of these appointments, however, may be guided by organisational, rather than clinical need, and as a result, some evidence indicates patient attendance rates have fallen, demonstrating a need for more effective, patient-centred care models. One such model, patient-initiated follow up (PIFU) has shown significant promise, empowering patients while simultaneously reducing appointment numbers and increasing attendance rates. However, for PIFU to be implemented nationwide several key considerations must be made to ensure patients are appropriately engaged, and supported, in directing their own care.


Assuntos
Agendamento de Consultas , Atenção Secundária à Saúde , Assistência Ambulatorial , Seguimentos , Humanos
8.
Ann Glob Health ; 88(1): 24, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35481980

RESUMO

Background: In the movement for global health equity, increased research and funding have not yet addressed a shortage of evidence on effectively implementing context-specific interventions; one unmet need is facilitating access to specialty care within the public health sector in Mexico. Compañeros en Salud has been piloting a novel program, called Right to Healthcare (RTHC), to increase access to specialty care for the rural poor in Chiapas, Mexico. The RTHC program incorporates social work, patient navigation, referrals, direct economic support, and accompaniment for patients. Objectives: This study evaluates the effectiveness of the RTHC program. Primary outcomes analyzed included acceptance of any referral and attendance of any appointment. Secondary outcomes included acceptance of the first referral and rate of appointment attendance for patients with an accepted referral. Methods: Using referral process data for the years 2014 to 2019 from a public tertiary care hospital in Chiapas, 91 RTHC patients were matched using 2:1 optimal pair matching with a control cohort balancing covariates of patient age, sex, specialty referred to, level of referring hospital, and municipality. Findings: RTHC patients were more likely to have had an accepted referral (OR 17.42, 95% CI 3.68 to 414.16) and to have attended an appointment (OR 5.49, 95% CI 2.93 to 11.60) compared to the matched control group. RTHC patients were also more likely to have had their first referral accepted (OR 2.78, 95% CI 1.29 to 6.73). Among patients with an accepted referral, RTHC patients were more likely to have attended an appointment (OR 3.86, 95% CI 1.90 to 8.57). Conclusions: The results demonstrate that the RTHC model is successful in increasing access to specialty care by both increasing referral acceptance and appointment attendance.


Assuntos
Agendamento de Consultas , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Humanos , México , Serviço Social , Atenção Terciária à Saúde
9.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 451, 2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35387675

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-attendance to scheduled hospital outpatient appointments may compromise healthcare resource planning, which ultimately reduces the quality of healthcare provision by delaying assessments and increasing waiting lists. We developed a model for predicting non-attendance and assessed the effectiveness of an intervention for reducing non-attendance based on the model. METHODS: The study was conducted in three stages: (1) model development, (2) prospective validation of the model with new data, and (3) a clinical assessment with a pilot study that included the model as a stratification tool to select the patients in the intervention. Candidate models were built using retrospective data from appointments scheduled between January 1, 2015, and November 30, 2018, in the dermatology and pneumology outpatient services of the Hospital Municipal de Badalona (Spain). The predictive capacity of the selected model was then validated prospectively with appointments scheduled between January 7 and February 8, 2019. The effectiveness of selective phone call reminders to patients at high risk of non-attendance according to the model was assessed on all consecutive patients with at least one appointment scheduled between February 25 and April 19, 2019. We finally conducted a pilot study in which all patients identified by the model as high risk of non-attendance were randomly assigned to either a control (no intervention) or intervention group, the last receiving phone call reminders one week before the appointment. RESULTS: Decision trees were selected for model development. Models were trained and selected using 33,329 appointments in the dermatology service and 21,050 in the pneumology service. Specificity, sensitivity, and accuracy for the prediction of non-attendance were 79.90%, 67.09%, and 73.49% for dermatology, and 71.38%, 57.84%, and 64.61% for pneumology outpatient services. The prospective validation showed a specificity of 78.34% (95%CI 71.07, 84.51) and balanced accuracy of 70.45% for dermatology; and 69.83% (95%CI 60.61, 78.00) for pneumology, respectively. The effectiveness of the intervention was assessed on 1,311 individuals identified as high risk of non-attendance according to the selected model. Overall, the intervention resulted in a significant reduction in the non-attendance rate to both the dermatology and pneumology services, with a decrease of 50.61% (p<0.001) and 39.33% (p=0.048), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of non-attendance can be adequately estimated using patient information stored in medical records. The patient stratification according to the non-attendance risk allows prioritizing interventions, such as phone call reminders, to effectively reduce non-attendance rates.


Assuntos
Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Sistemas de Alerta , Agendamento de Consultas , Humanos , Cooperação do Paciente , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35389914

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Short-term cancellation of elective ambulatory orthopaedic surgery can result in disruption to the process flow of the operating room, with resultant negative financial implications for the health system. The risk factors for patient-related short-term cancellations within 24 hours of the surgical date have not been well defined. METHODS: A retrospective review of a single orthopaedic surgery electronic internal database was done to identify all cancellations from January 1, 2016, through December 31, 2019, which were made within 24 hours of the surgical date. Inclusion criteria included elective arthroscopic procedures canceled solely for patient-related issues. Any cancellation for surgeon-related or ambulatory center-related reasons was excluded. Demographic patient and surgical data, including insurance type, employment status, previous history of cancellation for the same surgery, socioeconomic status based on the Area Deprivation Index, and surgery type, were tabulated. Each cancellation was matched 1:2 with noncanceled cases based on the anatomic site of the arthroscopy scheduled. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine associations of patient demographic and medical characteristics with surgical cancellation. RESULTS: There were 4,715 total arthroscopic procedures done during the study period, of which 126 (2.7%) were canceled within 24 hours of the surgery date. The mean age of the canceled cases was 44.9 ± 16.1 years (range, 14 to 77 years), with 46 females (43%) included. The presence of MRI of the involved joint within 6 months of surgery (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 0.39, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.17 to 0.91) and current employment (aOR, 0.56, 95% CI, 0.33-0.94) were independently predictive of noncancellation. Current smokers were more likely to cancel within 24 hours of surgery (aOR, 2.63, 95% CI, 1.4-4.9). Finally, having previously canceled the same surgery was significantly associated with a current surgical cancellation (P = 0.004). DISCUSSION: Identification of the factors associated with short-term patient-related cancellation of elective arthroscopy may serve as the basis for preoperative interventions aimed specifically at those more likely to cancel. In turn, these interventions can minimize preventable cancellations.


Assuntos
Agendamento de Consultas , Artroscopia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
12.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0266717, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421134

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The growing access to mobile phones in Africa has led to an increase in mobile health interventions, including an increasing number of two-way text message interventions. However, their effect on healthcare outcomes in an African context is uncertain. This systematic review aims to landscape randomized trials involving two-way text message interventions and estimate their effect on healthcare outcomes. METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, The Global Health Library (up to 12 August 2021) and trial registries (up to 24 April 2020). Published and unpublished trials conducted in Africa comparing two-way text message interventions with standard care and/or one-way text message interventions were included. Trials that reported dichotomous effect estimates on healthcare appointment attendance and/or medicine adherence were assessed for risk of bias and included in meta-analyses. Results of other outcomes were reported descriptively. RESULTS: We included 31 trials (28,563 participants) all set in Sub-Saharan Africa with a wide range of clinical conditions. Overall, ten different trials were included in the primary meta-analyses, and two of these had data on both medicine adherence and appointment attendance. An additional two trials were included in sensitivity analyses. Of the 12 included trials, three were judged as overall low risk of bias and nine as overall high risk of bias trials. Two-way text messages did not improve appointment attendance, RR: 1.03; 95% CI: 0.95-1.12, I2 = 53% (5 trials, 4374 participants) but improved medicine adherence compared to standard care, RR: 1.14, 95% CI: 1.07-1.21, I2 = 8% (6 trials, 2783 participants). CONCLUSION: Two-way text messages seemingly improve medicine adherence but has an uncertain effect on appointment attendance compared to standard care. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42020175810.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular , Envio de Mensagens de Texto , Agendamento de Consultas , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
13.
J Healthc Eng ; 2022: 5819813, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35281532

RESUMO

This paper provides a comprehensive review of Appointment Scheduling (AS) in healthcare service while we propose appointment scheduling problems and various applications and solution approaches in healthcare systems. For this purpose, more than 150 scientific papers are critically reviewed. The literature and the articles are categorized based on several problem specifications, i.e., the flow of patients, patient preferences, and random arrival time and service. Several methods have been proposed to shorten the patient waiting time resulting in the shortest idle times in healthcare centers. Among existing modeling such as simulation models, mathematical optimization techniques, Markov chain, and artificial intelligence are the most practical approaches to optimizing or improving patient satisfaction in healthcare centers. In this study, various criteria are selected for structuring the recent literature dealing with outpatient scheduling problems at the strategic, tactical, or operational levels. Based on the review papers, some new overviews, problem settings, and hybrid modeling approaches are highlighted.


Assuntos
Agendamento de Consultas , Inteligência Artificial , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Cadeias de Markov , Satisfação do Paciente
15.
J Prim Care Community Health ; 13: 21501319221082352, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35259972

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: While evidence has been established on the impact of medical appointment non-attendance on the healthcare system and patient health, previous research has not focused on how poverty and rurality may influence patient experiences with non-attendance. This paper explores patient perceptions of non-attendance among those experiencing poverty in a rural U.S county to better inform providers to the context in which their patients make attendance-related decisions. METHODS: Using a grounded theory approach, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 32 U.S. low-income adults in the rural Western U.S. who recurrently missed primary care appointments. We also used a questionnaire to assess individual characteristics related to health, resiliency, personal mastery, medical mistrust, life chaos, and adverse childhood experiences. RESULTS: Participants identified 3 barriers to attending appointments: appointment disinterest, competing demands, and insufficient systems. Appointment disinterest stemmed from physical and mental health issues, misalignment between needs and treatment, and comfort with the provider. Competing demands included family responsibilities, employment, and relationships. Finally, participants reported that current scheduling and transportation systems were helpful but insufficient. To provide further context, participants also reported low overall health, moderate levels of medical mistrust, life chaos, and mastery, moderate to low resilience, and very a high number of adverse childhood experiences. CONCLUSIONS: Results point to the need for modified structures that allow low-income patients more control over their personal health and highlight opportunities for clinics to address patients' lack of interest and fear in the medical encounter.


Assuntos
Agendamento de Consultas , Confiança , Adulto , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Pobreza , Atenção Primária à Saúde
16.
Acta Diabetol ; 59(6): 793-801, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35279754

RESUMO

AIMS: Workplace demands, support, and relationships differ according to employment status (e.g., employment that is full-time, part-time, or self-employed) and may lead to unequal opportunities to keep diabetic appointments. We investigated the association between employment status and outpatient diabetic appointment non-attendance among working-age adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a cluster-randomized trial (the Japan diabetes outcome intervention trial 2 large-scale trial). The analysis included 2010 trial participants (40-65 years old) with type 2 diabetes who were regularly followed by primary care physicians (PCPs). The outcome measure was the first non-attendance (defined as a failure to visit a PCP within 2 months of the original appointment) during the one-year follow-up. The association between baseline employment status and non-attendance was examined using Cox proportional hazard model in men and women. RESULTS: During the 1279 and 789 person-year follow-up periods, 90 men and 34 women, respectively, experienced their first appointment non-attendance. Among men, self-employed participants had a higher risk of non-attendance compared with full-time employees (adjusted HR, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.15, 2.95). The trial intervention (attendance promotion) was associated with a significantly reduced risk of non-attendance among self-employed participants (HR, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.26, 0.99). Among women, a significant association between employment status and non-attendance was not observed. CONCLUSIONS: Self-employed men with type 2 diabetes had a twofold increased risk of non-attendance than did full-time employees. Our study suggests that self-employed men with type 2 diabetes should be targeted for interventions promoting appointment adherence.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Adulto , Idoso , Agendamento de Consultas , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Emprego , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pacientes Ambulatoriais
17.
Gastroenterol Nurs ; 45(2): 120-126, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35283439

RESUMO

With the most active users of any social media platform in China, WeChat has become the preferred platform for public announcements and is widely used in the fields of medicine and nursing (Hong, Zhou, Fang, & Shi, 2017; Zeng, Deng, Wang, & Liu, 2016). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of WeChat messaging on bowel preparation for outpatient colonoscopy. A total of 150 outpatients scheduled for colonoscopy in a Grade III level A hospital were randomly assigned to the experimental group (n = 73) or the control group (n = 72). Both groups received routine guidance from the day of the scheduling appointment through the day of colonoscopy. In addition, the experimental group received colonoscopy-related information and individualized guidance daily through WeChat from the day of the appointment. After the colonoscopy, the diet and medication compliance, satisfaction, anxiety, and bowel cleanliness were compared. Post-intervention, there were significant differences in bowel cleanliness, satisfaction, diet and medication compliance, and anxiety between the two groups. WeChat messaging can help improve diet and medication compliance, patient satisfaction, and the success rate and thoroughness of colonoscopy, as well as alleviate the anxiety of patients scheduled for outpatient colonoscopy.


Assuntos
Catárticos , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Agendamento de Consultas , Colonoscopia , Humanos , Cooperação do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
Int J STD AIDS ; 33(5): 467-471, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35231202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated whether sexual health services (SHS) across the UK could meet the Faculty of Sexual and Reproductive Health (FSRH) standard for access by being able to offer an appointment for a long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) fitting within 2 weeks of initial contact. METHODS: SHSs offering LARCs were identified using the British Association for Sexual Health and HIV (BASHH) clinic database. During October 2020, all clinics open for more than 1 day a week were contacted by telephone. The researcher posed as a 20-year-old woman in a regular heterosexual relationship who was using condoms and requesting a contraceptive implant. Data collected included the time to wait to appointment and whether clinics offered bridging methods of contraception during any delay in appointment. It was also noted whether a local COVID-19 restriction was in place at the time of the call. The information collected was coded, and data was analysed using chi-square tests in SPSSv27. RESULTS: Of the 218 contactable clinics, 51.4% (n = 112) of clinics offered the patient an appointment within two weeks, and 66.1% (n = 144) of clinics could offer appointments within four weeks. 7.3% (n = 16) of clinics offered the patient adjunct bridging oral contraception until the time of appointment. Comparing the devolved nations, 11/17 (64.7%) clinics in Scotland, 8/13 (61.5%) clinics in Wales, 0/4 (0.0%) clinics in Northern Ireland and 93/182 (51.1%) clinics in England offered an appointment within two weeks with significant regional variation across England (p = .005). No statistically significant difference was demonstrated in access between clinics with or without high-level COVID-19 restrictions (p = .056). CONCLUSION: The 2-week standard was met in just over half of the occasions, with significant variation across regions across the UK. The development of a national target for access may improve access to LARCs.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adulto , Agendamento de Consultas , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Anticoncepção , Feminino , Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Int AIDS Soc ; 25(3): e25887, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35324055

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The PROMISE study was launched in 2018 to assess and document the implementation of changes to an existing HIV Care Coordination Programme (CCP) designed to address persistent disparities in care and treatment engagement among persons with HIV in New York City. We evaluated provider endorsement of features of the CCP to understand drivers of engagement with the programme. METHODS: We used a discrete choice experiment to measure provider endorsement of four CCP attributes, including: (1) how CCP helps with medication adherence, (2) how CCP helps with primary care appointments, (3) how CCP helps with issues other than primary care and (4) where CCP visits take place (visit location). Each attribute had three to four levels. Our primary outcomes were relative importance and part-worth utilities, measures of preference for the levels of the four CCP program attributes, estimated using a hierarchical-Bayesian multinomial logit model. All non-medical providers in the core CCP positions of patient navigator, care coordinator and programme director or other administrator from each of the 25 revised CCP-implementing agencies were eligible to participate. RESULTS: We received responses from 152 providers, 68% of whom identified as women, 49% identified as Latino/a, 34% identified as Black and 60% were 30-49 years old. Visit location (28.6%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 27.0-30.3%) had the highest relative importance, followed by how staff help with ART adherence (24.3%, 95% CI 22.4-26.1%), how staff help with issues other than primary care (24.2%, 95% CI 22.7-25.7%) and how staff help with primary care appointments (22.9%, 95% CI 21.7-24.1%). Within each of the above attributes, respectively, the levels with the highest part-worth utilities were home visits 60 minutes from the program or agency (utility 19.9, 95% CI 10.7-29.0), directly observed therapy (utility 26.1, 95% CI 19.1-33.1), help with non-HIV specialty medical care (utility 26.5, 95% CI 21.5-31.6) and reminding clients about and accompanying them to primary care appointments (utility 20.8, 95% CI 15.6-26.0). CONCLUSIONS: Ongoing CCP refinements should account for how best to support and evaluate the intensive CCP components endorsed by providers in this study.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Adulto , Agendamento de Consultas , Teorema de Bayes , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Adesão à Medicação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cidade de Nova Iorque
20.
Br Dent J ; 232(5): 327-331, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35277631

RESUMO

Introduction The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Guideline CG19 recommends that the intervals between oral health reviews should be tailored to patients' disease risk. However, evidence suggests that most patients still attend at six-monthly intervals.Aim To explore facilitators and barriers to the implementation of CG19 in general dental practice.Methods Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 25 NHS general dental practitioners (GDPs) in Wales, UK. Transcripts were thematically analysed.Results Dentists described integrating information on clinical risk, patients' social and dental history, and professional judgement when making decisions about recall interval. Although most GDPs reported routinely using risk-based recall intervals, a number of barriers exist to recall intervals at the extremes of the NICE recommendations. Many practitioners were unwilling to extend recall intervals to 24 months, even for the lowest-risk patients. Conversely, dentists described how it could be challenging to secure the agreement of high-risk patients to three-month recalls. In addition, time and workload pressures, the need to meet contractual obligations, pressure from contracting organisations and the fear of litigation also influenced the implementation of risk-based recalls.Conclusions Although awareness of the NICE Guideline CG19 was high, there is a need to explore how risk-based recalls may be best supported through contractual mechanisms.


Assuntos
Odontólogos , Saúde Bucal , Agendamento de Consultas , Atitude , Humanos , Papel Profissional , Medicina Estatal , Fatores de Tempo
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