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1.
J Oral Sci ; 62(1): 75-78, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996528

RESUMO

This cross-sectional study investigated the relationship between Oral Assessment Guide (OAG) scores and malnutrition in newly hospitalized patients. A total of 880 hospitalized adults were enrolled. Hypoalbuminemia was defined as serum albumin less than 3.5 g/dL. Patients with hypoalbuminemia were older (P < 0.001), had a higher prevalence of respiratory diseases (P < 0.01), a higher prevalence of digestive diseases (P < 0.01), a lower prevalence of oral feeding (P < 0.001), a lower body mass index (P < 0.001), and higher OAG scores (P < 0.001) than those without hypoalbuminemia. Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that the prevalence of hypoalbuminemia was significantly related to age (odds ratio [OR] = 1.05, P < 0.001), absence of oral feeding (OR = 2.72, P < 0.001), presence of respiratory diseases (OR = 2.53, P < 0.01), presence of digestive diseases (OR = 1.64, P < 0.01), and OAG scores (OR = 1.14, P < 0.01). Regarding OAG scores, the OR of hypoalbuminemia was greater in patients with disorders (scores 2 or 3) of swallowing (vs. score 1, OR = 1.83, P < 0.05) and saliva (vs. score 1, OR = 1.51, P < 0.05). There appears to be a positive association between OAG scores and hypoalbuminemia in hospitalized patients.


Assuntos
Hipoalbuminemia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Albumina Sérica
2.
Chemosphere ; 239: 124667, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499299

RESUMO

Exposure to air pollution can have both short-term and long-term effects on health. However, the relationships between specific pollutants and their effects can be obscured by characteristics of both the pollution and the exposed population. One way of elucidating the relationships is to link exposures and internal changes at the level of the individual. To this end, we combined personal exposure monitoring (59 individuals, Oxford Street II crossover study) with mass-spectrometry-based analyses of putative serum albumin adducts (fixed-step selected reaction monitoring). We attempted to infer adducts' identities using data from another, higher-resolution mass spectrometry method, and were able to detect a semi-synthetic standard with both methods. A generalised least squares regression method was used to test for associations between amounts of adducts and pollution measures (ambient concentrations of nitrogen dioxide and particulate matter), and between amounts of adducts and short-term health outcomes (measures of lung health and arterial stiffness). Amounts of some putative adducts (e.g., one with a positive mass shift of ∼143 Da) were associated with exposure to pollution (11 associations), and amounts of other adducts were associated with health outcomes (eight associations). Adducts did not appear to provide a link between exposures and short-term health outcomes.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Albumina Sérica/química , Estudos Cross-Over , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Material Particulado/análise , Análise de Regressão
3.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 71(6): 846-854, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31879740

RESUMO

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of advanced glycated albumin (AGE-alb) on pyroptosis of macrophages and the underlying molecular mechanisms. RAW264.7 macrophages were treated with AGE-alb (1, 2, 4 and 6 g/L) and control albumin (C-alb, 4 g/L) for 24 h, or preincubated with MCC950 (1 µmol/L) for 1 h and then treated with AGE-alb (4 g/L) for 24 h. Cell viability and caspase-1 activity were measured by MTT and assay kits, respectively. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity and the levels of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and IL-18 in media were detected. Cell death degree was evaluated by TUNEL and Hoechst 33342/PI staining. The protein levels of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), procaspase-1 and cleaved caspase-1 were assessed by Western blot. The results showed that AGE-alb treatment caused obvious decrease in cell viability and increases in LDH leakage and the percentages of TUNEL- or PI-positive cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Additionally, AGE-alb promoted IL-1ß and IL-18 secretion, upregulated NLRP3 expression, and increased caspase-1 activity especially at the dose of 4 and 6 g/L. However, MCC950 (an NLRP3 inhibitor) pretreatment inhibited significantly the decrease in cell viability and the increases in LDH leakage and percentages of TUNEL- or PI-positive cells induced by AGE-alb. Furthermore, MCC950 attenuated obviously AGE-alb-induced IL-1ß and IL-18 secretion and caspase-1 activation. These results indicate that AGE-alb may induce macrophage pyroptosis, and the mechanism is at least partially by activating NLRP3-caspase-1 pathway.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Macrófagos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Piroptose , Albumina Sérica , Caspase 1 , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Piroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Albumina Sérica/farmacologia
4.
J Exp Ther Oncol ; 13(2): 125-129, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881128

RESUMO

Objective: We searched thiol/disulphide homeostasis and ischemia modified albumin (IMA) in patients with and without endometrial polyp (EP) to evaluate whether there is an association between serum oxidative stress markers and EPs. Methods: A total of 87 women were enrolled into this study. All patients were evaluated with office hysteroscopy, and then those with EPs underwent operative hysteroscopy. 43 of these women had pathologically confirmed EPs (study group) and 44 had not (control group). Fasting blood samples were obtained from the antecubital vein before the procedure in all women. Thiol/disulphide levels were analyzed with a newly developed method by Erel et al. IMA measurement was performed using an indirect method based on the colorimetric assay as previously defined. Results: There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in terms of demographic characteristics including age, body mass index, and past obstetric history. Similarly no significant difference was observed regarding infertility ratio and smoking status. Native thiol, total thiol, and disulphide levels were found to be 263.6±63.3 µmol/l vs. 280.9±63.8 µmol/l (p:0.208), 296.9±64.9 µmol/l vs. 315.2±67.3 µmol/l (p:0.202), and 16.6±6.5 µmol/l vs.17.1±7.8 µmol/l ( p:0.759) in the study and control groups, respectively. There was also no significant difference with regard to serum IMA level (46.5±12.1 vs. 44.9±12.6; p: 0.539). Conclusion: Serum thiol/disulphide homeostasis and IMA levels have no significant effect in the pathogenesis of EPs.


Assuntos
Dissulfetos , Homeostase , Estresse Oxidativo , Pólipos , Albumina Sérica , Doenças Uterinas , Biomarcadores , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Pólipos/metabolismo , Gravidez , Compostos de Sulfidrila , Doenças Uterinas/metabolismo
5.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6283-6290, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The usefulness of C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio (CAR) as a predictive indicator for clinically-relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula (CR-POPF) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is unclear. We performed a retrospective analysis to identify reliable inflammatory indicators for prediction of CR-POPF after PD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 160 consecutive patients who underwent PD. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed. The areas under curves (AUCs) were compared with the discriminatory ability of inflammatory indicators, namely, C-reactive protein (CRP), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), platelet count multiplied by C-reactive protein (P-CRP), and CAR. RESULTS: The AUC for CAR on POD 3 to predict CR-POPF was 0.782 (p<0.001) and higher than that for CRP (0.773), NLR (0.652), PLR (0.504), and P-CRP (0.703). Multivariate analysis revealed that CAR on POD 3 was an independent predictive indicator of CR-POPF. CONCLUSION: CAR on POD 3 is a reliable predictor of CR-POPF after PD.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Fístula Pancreática/sangue , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Albumina Sérica/análise , Idoso , Amilases/análise , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Neutrófilos/citologia , Pâncreas/patologia , Ductos Pancreáticos/patologia , Fístula Pancreática/diagnóstico , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Contagem de Plaquetas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6347-6353, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the significance of immunonutritional and physical index in the assessment of risk associated with pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in the elderly. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study enrolled 92 patients who underwent PD. They were divided into 2 groups: Group A included patients 79 years and younger (n=79) and Group B patients 80 years and older (n=13). Among 37 patients, physical function and body composition were also evaluated. RESULTS: Significantly higher neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, lower prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and controlling nutritional score were observed in Group B. Muscle strength and walking ability were significantly impaired in Group B, although there was no significant difference in body composition. Age was not correlated with the incidence of postoperative complications, overall survival or recurrence-free survival by univariate and multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: PD is justified for the elderly, with acceptable morbidity and prognosis. However, immunonutritional status and physical function are significantly impaired; thus, appropriate case selection and active nutritional support are required for the elderly.


Assuntos
Limitação da Mobilidade , Força Muscular , Estado Nutricional , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Composição Corporal , Comorbidade , Neoplasias Duodenais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos/citologia , Avaliação Nutricional , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Albumina Sérica/análise
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17806, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689863

RESUMO

Hypoalbuminemia and anemia are frequent among in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We assess whether serum albumin and hemoglobin at admission can predict outcome in children with moderate to severe TBI.This retrospective study was conducted in a tertiary pediatric hospital between May 2012 and Jun 2018 included children with an admission Glasgow Coma Scale of ≤13.A total of 213 patients were included of whom 45 died in hospital. Multivariate logistic regression showed that hypoalbuminemia (serum albumin <30 g/L) was independently associated with mortality (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 3.059; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.118-8.371; P = .030) in children with moderate to severe TBI, while anemia (hemoglobin <90 g/L) was not independently associated with mortality (adjusted OR = 1.742; 95% CI: 0.617-4.916; P = .295). Serum albumin was significantly superior to hemoglobin (area under the curve [AUC] 0.738 vs AUC 0.689, P < .05) under receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Hypoalbuminemia was also associated with reduced 14-day ventilation-free days, 14-day intensive care unit (ICU)-free days, and 28-day hospital-free days.Serum albumin at admission was superior to hemoglobin in predicting the mortality in children with moderate to severe TBI and also associated with reduced ventilator-free, ICU-free, and hospital-free days.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/sangue , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/mortalidade , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Anemia/complicações , Anemia/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/complicações , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cuidados Críticos , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Hipoalbuminemia/complicações , Hipoalbuminemia/diagnóstico , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(48): e18219, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770284

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR) in pancreatic cancer remains controversial. This study aimed to determine the potential role of CAR as a prognostic indicator in pancreatic cancer. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search up to December 2018 was conducted using PubMed, Web of Science, and other databases. The hazard ratio (HR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was employed to quantitatively assess CAR as a prognostic indicator in patients with pancreatic cancer. RESULTS: Eleven studies with 2047 pancreatic cancer patients were selected for the analysis. Ten out of 11 studies included only Asian patients. The pooled results showed that a higher CAR value was significantly associated with a poor overall survival of pancreatic cancer patients (random-effects model: HR = 1.86; 95% CI = 1.53-2.26). Sensitivity analysis indicated the stability of the overall pooled results. Subgroup analysis and meta-regression analysis revealed that the country under study, cut-off value of CAR, treatment of patients, and the period of follow-up did not affect the prognostic value of CAR in pancreatic cancer patients (P > .05). No publication bias was noted across the studies (P = .933). CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis suggests that CAR is associated with the survival of pancreatic cancer patients of Asian ethnicity, and a higher CAR may be a potential prognostic indicator in pancreatic cancers.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Albumina Sérica/análise , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Humanos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/etnologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico
9.
Clin Interv Aging ; 14: 1763-1769, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695346

RESUMO

Background: Critically ill older patients with acute kidney injury (AKI), also referred to as acute renal failure, are associated with high in-hospital mortalities. Preexisting malnutrition is highly prevalent among AKI patients and increases in-hospital mortality rate. This study is to evaluate the predictive power of some serum nutritional related biomarkers predicting the 90 days in-hospital mortality of critically ill older patients with AKI. Methods: A prospective, observational study was conducted in a university teaching hospital. One hundred and five critically ill older patients with AKI aged 60-95 were enrolled and were divided into survival group (n=44) and non-survival group (n=61) in the light of their final outcomes. Receiver operating characteristic analyses (ROC) were performed to calculate the area under ROC curve (AUC). Sensitivity and specificity of in-hospital mortality prediction were calculated. Results: Significant differences were found between the survival group and non-survival group of critically ill older patients with AKI. AUC of low density lipoprotein (LDL) and albumin were 0.686 and 0.595, respectively. The asymptotic 95% confidence intervals of LDL and albumin were 0.524-0.820 and 0.488-0.696, respectively. Sensitivity of the 90 days in-hospital mortality prediction of LDL and albumin were 68.71% and 69.09%, respectively. Specificity of 90 days in-hospital mortality prediction of LDL and albumin were 69.23% and 50.0%, respectively. Conclusion: LDL and albumin did not have sufficient power to predict the 90 days in-hospital mortality of critically ill older patients with AKI. Further research on the association between malnutrition and poor prognosis of critically ill older patients with AKI is needed in the future.Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00953992.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/sangue , Lesão Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Lipoproteínas LDL/sangue , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estado Terminal/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17658, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702617

RESUMO

Patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) can be categorized into phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R)-associated and non-PLA2R-associated cases, according to serum PLA2R antibody status. The present study aimed to determine whether clinical features differed between these.A total of 89 patients with IMN were retrospectively recruited for the present study. Serum PLA2R-Ab levels were determined by time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay. Furthermore, the relationship between serum PLA2R antibody levels and their responses to immunosuppressants among patients with a complete follow-up period, which was defined as at least 1 year, was analyzed.Among these enrollees, 71 (80.0%) patients were positive for serum PLA2R antibody. Furthermore, patients with PLA2R-associated IMN had significantly higher age (with vs without, 54.31 ±â€Š14.03 vs 46.67 ±â€Š13.30 years old; P = .04), proteinuria (4.32 ±â€Š1.84 vs 3.29 ±â€Š1.90 g/d, P = .039), and serum albumin (25.33 ±â€Š9.60 vs 31.38 ±â€Š9.52 g/L, P = .019), but had lower serum immunoglobulin G (6.83 ±â€Š2.89 vs 8.72 ±â€Š2.95 g/L, P = .016) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (47.31 ±â€Š32.11 vs 26.33 ±â€Š27.94, P = .013), when compared to IMN patients without PLA2R. Furthermore, IMN patients without PLA2R exhibited a better response to immunosuppressants, when compared to patients with PLA2R-associated IMN (without vs with, 66.7% vs 62.5% at 6 months and 100% vs 87.5% at 12 months), but the difference was not statistically significant.Patients with PLA2R-associated IMN had higher disease severity than IMN patients without PLA2R. Furthermore, PLA2R negative patients had a better response to immunosuppressive therapies than PLA2R-positive patients, but the difference was not statistically significant.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/tratamento farmacológico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Receptores da Fosfolipase A2/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Feminino , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/sangue , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(43): e17394, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651841

RESUMO

Child-Pugh (CP) grade A patients with early stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are candidates for curative surgery, while some patients still have a poor outcome. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic values of 2 new evaluation models for liver function, named albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) and platelet-albumin-bilirubin (PALBI) grades, in CP grade A patients with HCC.In this retrospective cohort study, we reviewed 134 cases of CP grade A patients with hepatitis B-associated HCC who underwent radical surgery. ALBI and PALBI grades were calculated based on preoperative serologic examinations. Overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were estimated by Kaplan-Meier curve and Cox regression. The prognostic performances of the models were estimated by using the concordance index (C-index).During a median follow-up time of 27 months, 27.6% (37/134) of patients died and 26.1% (35/134) experienced recurrence. Kaplan-Meier analyses showed that ALBI and PALBI grades were significantly associated with OS and RFS. Multivariate analyses further revealed that both ALBI and PALBI grades were independent predictors for survival. Furthermore, the prognostic values of the combination of tumor size with ALBI (C-index = 0.754, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.675-0.849) or with PALBI (C-index = 0.762, 95% CI: 0.664-0.844) may be comparable with both Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer and Cancer of Liver Italian Program staging systems.The ALBI and PALBI grades, in particular the combination with tumor size, are effective models for discriminating survival in CP grade A patients with HCC.


Assuntos
Bilirrubina/sangue , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Albumina Sérica/análise , Adulto , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Feminino , Hepatite B/complicações , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Mymensingh Med J ; 28(4): 744-751, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599236

RESUMO

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients constitute a large proportion of admissions in coronary care unit and their management and risk stratification is of immense importance. A decrease in serum albumin concentration might be associated with an increased risk in the incident of both cardiovascular diseases and worse hospital outcome. We assessed whether serum albumin levels at admission was associated with in-hospital adverse outcome in patients with first attack of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The aim of the study was to evaluate association of serum albumin level with in-hospital outcome in patients with first attack of acute myocardial infarction. This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in the department of cardiology in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from March 2017 to February 2018. Total 374 patients of first attack of acute myocardial infarction included considering inclusion and exclusion criteria. The sample population was divided into two groups: Group I (Patients with acute myocardial infarction with serum albumin <3.5gm/dl) and. Group II (Patients with acute myocardial infarction with serum albumin ≥3.5gm/dl). Serum albumin level was measured within 24 hours of admission and the incidence of in-hospital major cardiac outcomes was observed. In this study mean±SD serum albumin level of Group I, Group II were 3.02±0.12gm/dl, 4.48±0.50gm/dl respectively. In Group I patient, 52(59.80%), 7(8.00%), 10(11.50%), developed heart failure, cardiogenic shock, arrhythmias respectively and 8(9.20%) died and in Group II patient 20(7.90%), 7(2.80%), 8(3.20%) developed heart failure, cardiogenic shock, arrhythmias respectively and 4(1.60%) died out of them and all of these outcome were statistically significant. Mean±SD duration of hospital stay of the study population according serum albumin level, in Group I, 5.76±1.83 days, in Group II, 4.40±1.22 days which was statistically significant (p<0.05). In conclusion, patient with first attack of acute myocardial infarction serum albumin level below 3.50gm/dl increased the risk of worse in-hospital outcome.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Bangladesh , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Choque Cardiogênico
13.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(8): 1412-1419, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage (AL) is a serious complication after anterior resection. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of microvascular density (MVD) in AL and to develop a nomogram to accurately predict AL. METHODS: This study retrospectively enrolled 477 consecutive patients who underwent anterior resection for rectal cancer from January 2011 to January 2019. Tissue samples of the resection margins were assessed for MVD. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were used to identify the risk factors for AL. RESULTS: The incidence of clinical AL was 6.7%. MVD in the distal margin was associated with AL (P < .001). Univariate and multivariate regression analysis identified the following variables as independent risk factors for AL: preoperative albumin ≤35 g/L (odds ratio [OR] = 2.511), neoadjuvant treatment (OR = 3.560), location of tumor ≤7 cm (OR = 3.381), blood loss ≥100 mL (OR = 2.717), and MVD in the distal margin ≤20 (OR = 4.265). Then, a nomogram including these predictors was developed. The nomogram showed good discrimination (AUC = 0.816) and calibration (concordance index = 0.816). The decision curve analysis demonstrated that the nomogram was clinically useful. CONCLUSIONS: MVD in the distal margin is closely associated with AL. The nomogram can be used for individualized prediction of AL after anterior resection for patients with rectal cancer.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/efeitos adversos , Margens de Excisão , Nomogramas , Neoplasias Retais/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Microcirculação , Microvasos/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Albumina Sérica
14.
Can J Vet Res ; 83(4): 285-290, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571729

RESUMO

Analysis of hematologic and biochemical values in pigs is an important basis for biomedical research and veterinary clinical diagnosis. Reference values for specific-pathogen-free (SPF) 1-month-old Yorkshire (Y) pigs and Yorkshire-Landrace crossbred (YL) pigs are limited. The present research aimed to describe and compare the reference values for hematologic and biochemical parameters in such pigs. Blood samples were obtained from 90 Y pigs (52 males and 38 females) and 88 YL pigs (55 males and 33 females), all 1 month old and bred in an SPF environment. Among the 16 hematologic and 15 serum biochemical parameters tested, no significant differences between the Y and YL pigs were found except in the concentration of triglyceride (P < 0.05), and heterosis was not observed. Thus, the values determined in this study can be used as basic reference values for 1-month-old Y and YL pigs and will contribute to the use of SPF pigs in biomedical research.


Assuntos
Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Bilirrubina/sangue , Suínos/sangue , Animais , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/veterinária , Glicemia , Cruzamento , Colesterol/sangue , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/análise , Masculino , Valores de Referência , Albumina Sérica , Organismos Livres de Patógenos Específicos , Suínos/genética , Triglicerídeos/sangue
15.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(7): 1126-1136, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score was shown to correlate with liver function and tumor recurrence after hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of ALBI grade in liver transplantation (LT) patients with HCC. METHODS: Pre-LT available independent predictors of recurrence-free survival (RFS) and microvascular tumor invasion (MVI) were determined in 123 patients with HCC. RESULTS: Posttransplant HCC recurrence rates were 10.5%, 15.9%, and 68.2% in ALBI grade 1, 2, and 3, respectively (P < .001). Along with serum α-fetoprotein (AFP) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, ALBI grades 1 or 2 was identified as an independent predictor of RFS (hazard ratio, 3.52; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.577-7.842; P = .002). Furthermore, ALBI grade 3 proved to be the strongest indicator of MVI (odds ratio, 11.59; 95% CI, 3.412-39.381; P < .001). A novel oncological risk score-based on AFP, CRP, and ALBI grade provided the best discriminative capacity (c-statistic 0.806) in selecting liver recipients with low oncological risk profile. CONCLUSION: Preoperative ALBI grade seems to be valuable for refinement of oncological risk stratification at LT for HCC.


Assuntos
Bilirrubina/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Transplante de Fígado/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
16.
Transplant Proc ; 51(8): 2750-2754, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563245

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Postoperative hypoalbuminemia, especially following liver transplantation, can lead to adverse multisystem effects and even death. We investigated the relationship between postoperative albumin levels and organ failure (assessed using Sequential Organ Failure Assessment [SOFA] scores). METHODS: Sixty liver transplant recipients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) from 2012 to 2015 were retrospectively divided into 2 groups: lower albumin (LA) (n=28) and higher albumin (HA) (n=32), using whether serum albumin level fell below 3.0 g/dL during the first postoperative week as the stratifying factor. The SOFA scores (primary endpoint) and associated complications (ascites amount, rejection, re-intubation, abdominal re-operation, thrombosis), additional treatment (dialysis, pleural effusion drainage), and duration of ICU stay (secondary endpoints) of the 2 groups were compared. RESULTS: Average serum albumin levels were significantly different between HA and LA groups (3.6 [3.4-3.8] vs 3.1 [2.9-3.3], respectively, P<.05), although the amounts of albumin infused in the 2 groups during the first postoperative week were not different (HA vs LA: 42 [30-71] vs 40 [30-58], respectively, P=.37). Mean daily SOFA scores were not significantly different between the HA and LA groups (8.3 [6.6-9.0] vs 7.2 [6.3-8.6], P=.73), although the HA group had lower mean cardiovascular SOFA sub-scores than the LA group (0.1 [0-0.4] vs 0.4 [0-1.3], P=.032). There were no significant differences between the groups with regard to complication rates and duration of ICU and hospital stays. CONCLUSIONS: Serum albumin level might not influence cumulative organ function, but it decreases the amount of hemodynamic support required in liver transplant recipients.


Assuntos
Rejeição de Enxerto/sangue , Transplante de Fígado , Albumina Sérica/análise , Adulto , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Humanos , Hipoalbuminemia/etiologia , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
J Vet Intern Med ; 33(5): 1995-2004, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The cause of low serum vitamin D concentrations in dogs with chronic inflammatory enteropathy (CIE) is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: Improve understanding of pathogenesis of low serum vitamin D concentrations in dogs with CIE by comparing several clinical, clinicopathologic, and histologic variables between CIE dogs with low and normal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations (25[OH]D). ANIMALS: Fifteen dogs with CIE and low serum 25[OH]D concentrations; 15 dogs with CIE and normal serum 25(OH)D concentrations. METHODS: Prospective cohort study. Clinical and clinicopathologic variables were compared between groups. Correlations between serum 25(OH)D concentration and histopathologic variables were assessed. RESULTS: Dogs with CIE and low serum 25(OH)D concentrations had higher canine chronic enteropathy clinical activity index scores (P = .003), lower serum α-tocopherol (P < .001), cholesterol (P < .001), and albumin (P < .001) concentrations and higher serum C-reactive protein (P = .004) concentrations compared to CIE dogs with normal serum 25(OH)D concentrations. Serum concentrations of vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP) were not different between groups (P = .91). Duodenal morphologic and inflammatory histopathological scores (P = .002 and P = .004, respectively) and total histopathological scores in duodenum and combined duodenum and ileum negatively correlated with serum 25(OH)D concentration. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: The pathogenesis of low serum vitamin D concentrations in dogs with CIE is likely multifactorial. Fat malabsorption deserves further study in dogs with low serum vitamin D concentration and CIE. Loss of VDBP does not appear to be an important cause of low serum vitamin D concentration in dogs with CIE.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão/patologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/veterinária , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Animais , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Colesterol/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Doenças do Cão/sangue , Cães , Feminino , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/sangue , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/patologia , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Albumina Sérica/análise , Tocoferóis/sangue , Vitamina D/sangue , Proteína de Ligação a Vitamina D/sangue
18.
Ann Clin Lab Sci ; 49(4): 529-533, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471344

RESUMO

We reported that the body mass index (BMI) may exert a negative effect on glycated albumin (GA) in non-diabetic subjects and patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. In addition, we suggested a mechanism in which chronic inflammation in obesity may enhance albumin catabolism, leading to a decrease in GA levels for non-diabetic subjects. In the present study, we examined whether GA levels increased with body weight reduction in obese, non-diabetic subjects. Among the subjects who underwent complete medical checkups in 2010 and in 2015, 101 subjects with BMIs of 25 kg/m2 or higher, without diabetes mellitus in 2010 were included in this study. Correlations of changes in BMI for five years (ΔBMI) with changes in various clinical laboratory test values [ΔC-reactive protein (CRP), ΔGA, ΔHbA1c, Δfasting plasma glucose (FPG), ΔGA/HbA1c and ΔGA/FPG] were investigated. ΔBMI significantly and positively correlated with ΔCRP, while ΔBMI did not significantly correlate with ΔGA. ΔBMI significantly and positively correlated with ΔHbA1c and ΔFPG. Furthermore, ΔBMI showed significant negative correlations with ΔGA/HbA1c and ΔGA/FPG. GA levels did not increase with body weight reduction in obese non-diabetic subjects. Such a phenomenon might be considered the result when the positive control of GA levels through decreases in chronic inflammation due to body weight reduction was counterbalanced by the negative control of GA levels through improvement in glucose tolerance.


Assuntos
Obesidade/sangue , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Perda de Peso , Glicemia/metabolismo , Índice de Massa Corporal , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Jejum/sangue , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
19.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 276(11): 3221-3230, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401760

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We designed this retrospective study to identify predictive value of prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and albumin-globulin ratio (AGR) in nasopharyngeal cancer patients (NPC). METHODS: 95 non-metastatic NPC patients were included in the study. AGR was calculated as the absolute counts between albumin and globulin measurements. (Globulin values were obtained via excluding albumin counts from total protein counts). PNI was calculated using the following formula: [10 × serum albumin value (g/dL) + 0.005 × total lymphocyte count] in the peripheral blood (per mm3). RESULTS: The statistically significant cutoff value of PNI was identified as 45.45 (area under the curve (AUC): 0.636, p = 0.03) for overall survival. The 5-year OS rate for patients with PNI ≤ 45.45 and PNI > 45.45 were 52.9% and 79.0%, respectively. There were statistically significant difference between groups (p = 0.03).The statistically significant cutoff value of AGR was identified as 1.19 (AUC: 0.689, p < 0.01) for overall survival. The 5-year OS rate for patients with AGR ≤ 1.19 and AGR > 1.19 were 57.7% and 82.0%. There were statistically significant differences between the groups (p = 0.04). 5-year OS rate was 42.9% in the high-risk group (low-PNI and low-AGR patients), it was 80.3% in the intermediate group (low PNI and high AGR or high PNI and low AGR) and it was 80.9% in low-risk group (high PNI and high AGR) (p = 0.004). In the multivariate analysis, age and PNI were independent prognostic factors for poorer OS (HR 2.70, 95% CI 1.091-6.719, p = 0.32 and HR 2.44, 95% CI 1.009-5.940, p = 0.48). CONCLUSIONS: Low PNI is independent prognostic factor for poorer OS. Patients with low-PNI and low-AGR have worse survival than patients with high PNI and high AGR.


Assuntos
Globulinas/análise , Contagem de Linfócitos/métodos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Avaliação Nutricional , Albumina Sérica/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/sangue , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/mortalidade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/sangue , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Turquia/epidemiologia
20.
Clin Lab ; 65(8)2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414767

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The C-reactive protein to albumin ratio (CAR) is a novel inflammation index that has recently been used as a marker for poor prognosis or mortality in various patient groups. This study aimed to evaluate the association between the CAR and 30-day mortality in patients with hepatitis B virus-related decompensated cirrhosis (HBV-DeCi). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 113 patients who had been diagnosed with HBV-DeCi. Univariate and multivariate regression models were used to determine risk factors for mortality. RESULTS: The CAR was observed to be significantly higher in the non-surviving patients compared to the surviving patients. Moreover, the CAR was positively correlated with the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score and Child-Pugh score. In multivariate analysis, the CAR and the MELD score were independent prognostic factors for HBV-DeCi patients. CONCLUSIONS: A high CAR value at admission can serve as an independent predictor of 1-month mortality in patients with HBV-DeCi.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Albumina Sérica/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Hepatite B Crônica/mortalidade , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
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