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1.
Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol ; 15(10): 849-867, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566028

RESUMO

Introduction: Piperine, the major bioactive component from black pepper, has gained increasing attention for its beneficial effects in the central nervous system (CNS). However, its related pharmacodynamics and brain pharmacokinetics, as well as its interaction with other CNS drugs are lacking, which may hinder its therapeutic and safe use. Areas covered: The current review provides an updated summary on CNS activities of piperine, including anti-epileptic, anti-depressive and neurodegeneration protection effect. The brain pharmacokinetic properties of piperine together with the approaches to enhance its aqueous solubility were summarized. Considering the wide use of black pepper and the well-reported alteration on CYP and transporters by piperine, interactions between piperine and CNS drugs are also illustrated for the first time. Expert opinion: Although the CNS beneficial effects of piperine have been extensively studied in preclinical models, clinical evidence on its CNS application is barely available, which may be attributed to its limited aqueous solubility, unclear pharmacokinetic properties in humans and potential toxicities during long-term use at higher doses. Although beneficial interactions between piperine and certain CNS drugs were often reported in preclinical studies, more mechanistic studies with clinically relevant doses should be conducted to provide guidance on their clinical combination use.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Benzodioxóis/farmacologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Central/tratamento farmacológico , Piper nigrum/química , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Alcamidas Poli-Insaturadas/farmacologia , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides/farmacocinética , Animais , Benzodioxóis/isolamento & purificação , Benzodioxóis/farmacocinética , Fármacos do Sistema Nervoso Central/isolamento & purificação , Fármacos do Sistema Nervoso Central/farmacocinética , Fármacos do Sistema Nervoso Central/farmacologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Central/fisiopatologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Interações de Medicamentos , Humanos , Piperidinas/isolamento & purificação , Piperidinas/farmacocinética , Alcamidas Poli-Insaturadas/isolamento & purificação , Alcamidas Poli-Insaturadas/farmacocinética
2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(41): 11388-11395, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31536348

RESUMO

Venomous imported fire ants cause significant medical problems. Alkaloids are an important component of imported fire ant venom. Piperidine and piperideine alkaloids have been identified in fire ant venom. In this study, we studied the venom alkaloids of the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren, the black imported fire ant, Solenopsis richteri Forel, and the hybrid, S. invicta × S. richteri. Pyridine alkaloids were detected the first time in fire ants using solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME-GC-MS). The thermal desorption process was manipulated to facilitate the isolation and identification of pyridine alkaloids that were coeluted with piperidine or piperideine alkaloids in GC. After SPME extraction of ant venom, we conducted a series of consecutive GC-MS injections, each with a partial desorption. Hidden pyridine alkaloid peaks were revealed after the overlapping piperidine or piperidiene alkaloid peaks had been desorbed. Using this approach, 10 2-methyl-6-alkyl (or alkenyl)pyridines (1-10) were found the first time in the venom of imported fire ants. Structures of three pyridine alkaloids were confirmed by synthesis, including 2-methyl-6-undecylpyridine (1), 2-methyl-6-tridecylpyridine (7), and 2-methyl-6-pentadecylpyridine (10). We also developed a silica gel column chromatography method to separate the pyridine alkaloids from other alkaloids. Using column chromatography and GC-MS with single ion monitoring at 107 m/z, five pyridine alkaloids were quantified for both workers and female alates of S. invicta and S. richteri.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/química , Venenos de Formiga/química , Formigas/química , Piridinas/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Feminino , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Estrutura Molecular , Piridinas/isolamento & purificação , Microextração em Fase Sólida
3.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104281, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31381957

RESUMO

Veratrum californicum is a rich source of steroidal alkaloids, many of which have proven to be antagonists of the Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway that becomes aberrant in over twenty types of cancer. These alkaloids first became known in the 1950's due to their teratogenic properties, which resulted in newborn and fetal lambs developing cyclopia as a result of pregnant ewes consuming Veratrum californicum. It was discovered that the alkaloids in V. californicum were concentrated in the root and rhizome of the plant with much lower amounts of the most active alkaloid, cyclopamine, present in the aerial plant, especially in the late growth season. Inspired by the limitations in analytical instrumentation and methods available to researchers at the time of the original investigation, we have used state-of-the-art instrumentation and modern analytical methods to quantitate four steroidal alkaloids based on study parameters including plant part, harvest location, and growth stage. The results of the current inquiry detail differences in alkaloid composition based on the study parameters, provide a detailed assessment for alkaloids that have been characterized previously (cyclopamine, veratramine, muldamine and isorubijervine), and identify at least six alkaloids that have not been previously characterized. This study provides insight into optimal harvest time, plant growth stage, harvest location, and plant part required to isolate, yet to be characterized, alkaloids of interest for exploration as Hh pathway antagonists with desirable medicinal properties.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/química , Esteroides/química , Veratrum/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Hedgehog/antagonistas & inibidores , Idaho , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química , Rizoma/química , Estações do Ano , Esteroides/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides de Veratrum
4.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(7): 666-674, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257322

RESUMO

Dimeric sesquiterpene thioalkaloids from the rhizomes of Nuphar pumilum exhibited immunosuppressive effects using a sheep erythrocyte plaque forming cell (PFC) assay, as well as an anti-metastasis effect, and rapid apoptosis-inducing effects in tumor cell lines. In particular, dimeric sesquiterpene thioalkaloids with a hydroxy group (6-hydroxythiobinupharidine, 6,6'-dihydroxythiobinupharidine, 6-hydroxythionuphlutine B) showed substantial effects, whereas dimeric sesquiterpene thioalkaloids lacking the hydroxy group (thiobinupharidine, thionuphlutine B, 6'-hydroxythionuphlutine B, neothiobinupharidine, thionuphlutine B ß-sulfoxide, neothiobinupharidine ß-sulfoxide) and monomeric sesquiterpene alkaloids (nupharidine, 7-epideoxynupharidine, nupharolutine) showed weak activity. In this review, we summarize our studies of the biofunctional effects of these alkaloids.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/química , Nuphar/química , Sesquiterpenos/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Eritrócitos/citologia , Eritrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunossupressores/química , Imunossupressores/isolamento & purificação , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Nuphar/metabolismo
5.
Food Chem ; 298: 125067, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31260989

RESUMO

An ultra-high performance supercritical fluid chromatography-photodiode array detection-mass spectrometry (UHPSFC-MS) method for quality control of Piper longum L. has been developed and optimized. Hexane/isopropanol (70/30, v/v) was determined as the final injection solvent and methanol as the organic modifier. A design-of-experimental (DoE) approach was used to optimize column temperature, back-pressure and the gradient slope simultaneously using Trefoil CEL1 column. The back-pressure, temperature, flow rate were set at 130 bar, 32.5 °C and 1.0 mL/min, respectively. Positive electrospray ionization was used in the single ion monitoring mode. The 12 analytes were analyzed within 8 min using the optimized conditions. The linearities of the standard calibrations were satisfactory with coefficients of determination (R2) > 0.995. The recovery measured varied from 96.34% to 105.00% with relative standard deviation (RSD) ≤ 4.68%. The method was sensitive, reliable and effective, and successfully applied to simultaneous determination of 12 compounds in 28 batches of P. longum.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/química , Cromatografia com Fluido Supercrítico/métodos , Piper/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Benzodioxóis/química , Benzodioxóis/isolamento & purificação , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia com Fluido Supercrítico/normas , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Limite de Detecção , Espectrometria de Massas , Metanol/química , Piper/metabolismo , Piperidinas/química , Piperidinas/isolamento & purificação , Alcamidas Poli-Insaturadas/química , Alcamidas Poli-Insaturadas/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Componente Principal , Controle de Qualidade , Solventes/química , Temperatura Ambiente
6.
Phytochemistry ; 166: 112060, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302343

RESUMO

Continued interest in bioactive alkaloids led to the isolation of four undescribed alkaloids along with 74 known ones from the aerial parts of Tabernaemontana bufalina Lour. The structures of the yet undescribed alkaloids were elucidated based on NMR, IR, UV, MS and CD spectroscopic data and X-ray crystal diffraction and, according to the plant source, named as taberhaines A-D (1-4). The known compounds comprised of 66 monoterpenoid indole, three carboline and five isoquinoline alkaloids. Among them, the known apparicine inhibited significantly the activity of xanthine oxidase, which plays an important role for gout, with an IC50 value of 0.65 µM, compared to the standard drug allopurinol (IC50 = 0.60 µM).


Assuntos
Alcaloides/química , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Tabernaemontana/química , Xantina Oxidase/antagonistas & inibidores , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Domínio Catalítico , Inibidores Enzimáticos/isolamento & purificação , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Modelos Moleculares , Xantina Oxidase/química
7.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104268, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31306720

RESUMO

Solanum nigrum L. (also called as European black nightshade) has been traditionally used as folk medicine and food in some regions. Phytochemical investigations of the immature fruits of S. nigrum yielded five steroidal alkaloid glycosides (1-5), including an unprecedented nor-spirosolane type steroidal alkaloid with a five-membered ring A (1) and two novel spirosolane type steroidal alkaloid glycosides (2, 3), together with eight known phenolic compounds (6-13). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic and chemical methods, including IR, NMR, HR-ESI-MS, and GC analyses. Five steroidal alkaloid glycosides were tested for their potential antiproliferative effects against HL-60, U-937, Jurkat, K562, and HepG2 cell lines and inhibitory activities on nitric oxide (NO) production induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in a macrophage cell line RAW 264.7. Compound 1 exhibited significant inhibition on NO production with an IC50 value of 23.4 ±â€¯2.0 µM, compared to positive control indomethacin (IC50, 47.40 ±â€¯4.50 µM). Compound 4 exhibited significant cytotoxicity against all tested cell lines.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Solanum nigrum/química , Esteroides/farmacologia , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , China , Frutas/química , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Células RAW 264.7 , Esteroides/isolamento & purificação
8.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104277, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31351127

RESUMO

Five new Lycopodium alkaloids, huperzine Y1 (1), huperzine Y2 (2), huperzine Y3 (3), (+)-huperzine Z (4a) and (-)-huperzine Z (4b) as well as ten known alkaloids (5-14) were isolated from Huperzia serrata. The structures of the new compounds were established using extensive spectroscopic (1D and 2D NMR, IR, and HRESIMS) and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) methods. Compounds 4a and 4b were a pair of enantiomers successfully separated by chiral HPLC resolution. Compounds 2 and 3 indicated inhibitory activities against acetylcholinesterase with IC50 value of 57.1 ±â€¯1.6 and 32.7 ±â€¯1.0 µΜ, respectively. However, no compound showed inhibitory effect on butyrocholinesterase at the concentration of 100 µΜ.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Huperzia/química , Acetilcolinesterase , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Butirilcolinesterase , China , Inibidores da Colinesterase/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia
9.
Mar Drugs ; 17(6)2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174259

RESUMO

This review outlines the research that was carried out regarding the isolation of bioactive compounds from marine-derived bacteria and fungi by China-based research groups from 2009-2018, with 897 publications being surveyed. Endophytic organisms featured heavily, with endophytes from mangroves, marine invertebrates, and marine algae making up more than 60% of the microbial strains investigated. There was also a strong focus on fungi as a source of active compounds, with 80% of publications focusing on this area. The rapid increase in the number of publications in the field is perhaps most notable, which have increased more than sevenfold over the past decade, and suggests that China-based researchers will play a major role in marine microbial natural products drug discovery in years to come.


Assuntos
Organismos Aquáticos/química , Bactérias/química , Descoberta de Drogas , Fungos/química , Alcaloides/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , China , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Policetídeos/química , Policetídeos/isolamento & purificação , Terpenos/química , Terpenos/isolamento & purificação
10.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104180, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150766

RESUMO

Effect-directed isolation of free radical scavengers from the methanol extract of the freeze-dried fruiting bodies of the cultivated basidiomycetous mushroom, black poplar (Cyclocybe cylindracea), yielded a ß-carboline alkaloid. Its structure was determined based on ESI-TOF-MS/MS, NMR and circular dichroism spectra by comparison with published data. The compound, identified as the C1-S diastereomer of brunnein B, exhibited explicit radical scavenging activity (EC50 = 119.1 ±â€¯1.2 µg/mL). The quantity of the active component was determined with HPLC-MS in the fruiting body (36.2 ±â€¯2.8 ng/g DW, dry weight) and its different tissues such as peel (94.7 ±â€¯1.9 ng/g DW), inner cap (90.5 ±â€¯1.3 ng/g DW), gills (71.5 ±â€¯0.6 ng/g DW), and stipe (162.2 ±â€¯1.7 ng/g DW). It is a ß-carboline alkaloid that was not reported previously.


Assuntos
Agaricales/química , Alcaloides/química , Carbolinas/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Carbolinas/isolamento & purificação , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Hungria , Estrutura Molecular
11.
Mar Drugs ; 17(6)2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151240

RESUMO

So far, the Futuna Islands located in the Central Indo-Pacific Ocean have not been inventoried for their diversity in marine sponges and associated chemical diversity. As part of the Tara Pacific expedition, the first chemical investigation of the sponge Narrabeena nigra collected around the Futuna Islands yielded 18 brominated alkaloids: seven new bromotryptamine derivatives 1-7 and one new bromotyramine derivative 8 together with 10 known metabolites of both families 9-18. Their structures were deduced from extensive analyses of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) data. In silico metabolite anticipation using the online tool MetWork revealed the presence of a key and minor biosynthetic intermediates. These 18 compounds showed almost no cytotoxic effect up to 10 µM on human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y and microglia BV2 cells, and some of them exhibited an interesting neuroprotective activity by reducing oxidative damage.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/química , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Poríferos/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides/toxicidade , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Internet , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas , Camundongos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/isolamento & purificação , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Oceano Pacífico , Clima Tropical
12.
Fitoterapia ; 136: 104186, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150769

RESUMO

Five new amide alkaloids, named delamide A-E (1-5), along with five known ones, methyl-N-(3-carboxy-2-methylpropanoyl) anthranilate (6), benzoic acid, 2-[(1-oxodecyl) amino]-methylester (7), puberline (8), benzoic acid, 2-[(4-methoxy-2-methyl-1, 4-dioxobutyl) amino]-methylester (9) and benzoic acid, 2-[(4-methoxy-3-methyl-1, 4-dioxobutyl) amino]-methylester (10) were isolated from the extract of Delphinium brunonianum. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analyses (including 1D-, 2D-NMR, and HR-ESI-MS). 1-10 were also evaluated for their acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibiting activity by the Ellman's method. Delamide A (1) showed highly selective AChE inhibition activity. The kinetic analysis revealed that 1 was a mixed-type reversible inhibitor of AChE.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Delphinium/química , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores da Colinesterase/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Tibet
13.
Fitoterapia ; 136: 104166, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075485

RESUMO

Two new indole alkaloids, identified as (E)-1-(5,6-dihydroxy-1H-indol-1-yl)-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one, named oleraindole A (1), and (E)-1-(5,6-dihydroxy-1H-indol-1-yl)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one, named oleraindole B (2), together with five known indole alkaloids, (-)-neoechinulin A (3), neoechinulin D (4), isoechinulin A (5), MT-6 (6) and echinulin (7) were isolated from the aqueous extract of Portulaca oleracea L. for the first time, using various chromatographic techniques. The structures of seven alkaloids were elucidated by the 1D and 2D NMR and HR-ESI-TOF-MS spectroscopic methods. Oleraindole A (1) and oleraindole B (2) exhibited a relatively high anticholinesterase activity with IC50 values of 55.12 ±â€¯0.20 µΜ and 46.76 ±â€¯0.08 µM, and antioxidant activities with the IC50 values of 16.20 ±â€¯0.11 µM and 13.88 ±â€¯0.06 µM among seven alkaloids.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Portulaca/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores da Colinesterase/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides Indólicos , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Piperazinas , Extratos Vegetais/química , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
14.
Eur J Med Chem ; 176: 149-161, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31103896

RESUMO

Plants are vital for the wellbeing of humankind in a variety of ways. Some plant extracts contain antimicrobial properties that can treat different pathogens. Most of the world's population relies on medicinal plants and natural products for their primary health care needs. Therefore, there is a growing interest in natural products, medicinal plants, and traditional medicine along with a desire to design and develop novel plant-based pharmaceuticals. These plant-based pharmaceuticals may address the concerns of reduced efficacy of synthetic antibiotics due to the emergence of drug-resistant pathogens. In this regard, some plant extracts from black pepper (Piper nigrum) with antimicrobial properties, including piperine, have the potential to be used as natural dietary supplements together with modern therapeutic approaches. This review highlights possible applications of piperine as the active compound in the fields of rational drug design and discovery, pharmaceutical chemistry, and biomedicine. We discuss different extraction methods and pharmacological effects of the analyzed substance to pave the way for further research strategies and perspectives towards the development of novel herbal products for better healthcare solutions.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Benzodioxóis/farmacologia , Piper nigrum/química , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Alcamidas Poli-Insaturadas/farmacologia , Alcaloides/análise , Alcaloides/síntese química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Benzodioxóis/análise , Benzodioxóis/síntese química , Benzodioxóis/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Piperidinas/análise , Piperidinas/síntese química , Piperidinas/isolamento & purificação , Alcamidas Poli-Insaturadas/análise , Alcamidas Poli-Insaturadas/síntese química , Alcamidas Poli-Insaturadas/isolamento & purificação
15.
Toxicol Lett ; 311: 91-97, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054355

RESUMO

Phytomedicinal preparations containing extracts of the plant Chelidonium majus (Greater Celandine) have been used in the therapy of upper abdominal disorders. C. majus alkaloids (CAL) were suspected to be responsible for reported cases of liver symptoms including cases of acute liver failure in patients upon treatment with certain C. majus preparations. Based on these reports, a safe oral daily dose limit of not more than 2.5 mg CAL was established in the EU. However, C. majus extracts and individual CAL were not able to elicit similar adverse effects when given orally to pigs or rats. We found that CAL differ considerably in their cytotoxicity in rat hepatocytes in culture. The cationic congeners chelerythrine, coptisine and sanguinarine were the most toxic ones (EC20 values ≤2 µM) while the neutral congeners chelidonine, dihydrosanguinarine and protopine were less toxic, with a rank order of toxicity of coptisine > chelerythrine > sanguinarine > chelidonine > protopine > dihydrosanguinarine. Calculation of octanol-water partition coefficients revealed that the most cytotoxic CAL in hepatocytes were the cationic polar ones. At cytotoxic concentrations sanguinarine led to a marked decrease in reduced and oxidized intracellular glutathione while the much less cytotoxic dihydrosanguinarine did not. After glutathione depletion with menadione, CAL toxicity was only slightly enhanced. Comparison of the cytotoxic concentrations to reported liver levels in experimental animals suggests that the latter were too low to cause hepatotoxicity, probably due to an extremely low oral availability of certain CAL.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/toxicidade , Chelidonium/toxicidade , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Alcaloides/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Benzofenantridinas/toxicidade , Berberina/análogos & derivados , Berberina/toxicidade , Células Cultivadas , Chelidonium/química , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Glutationa/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/patologia , Isoquinolinas/toxicidade , Masculino , Estrutura Molecular , Cultura Primária de Células , Ratos Wistar , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
16.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(20): 5764-5771, 2019 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31083994

RESUMO

Clausena lansium, also known as wampee, is a species of strongly scented evergreen trees belonging to the genus Clausena (Rutaceae), which is native to southern China. Its ripe fruits have been consumed as a very popular fruit and reported to possess a range of biological activities. To study the potential health-promoting constituents from the fruits of C. lansium, a chemical investigation on its fruits was thus carried out. In this study, 16 carbazole alkaloids (1-16), including six new carbazole alkaloids, clausenalansines A-F (1-6), were separated from the fruits of C. lansium. The molecular structures of these isolated new carbazole alkaloids (1-6) were ambiguously established on the basis of comprehensive spectroscopic methods. The known analogues (7-16) were determined via comparing their experimental data with those described in the literature, which were separated from C. lansium for the first time. All these isolated alkaloids were tested in vitro for their neuroprotective effects against 6-hydroxydopamine induced cell death in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Carbazole alkaloids 1-16 displayed remarkable neuroprotective effects possessing the EC50 values ranging from 0.36 ± 0.02 to 10.69 ± 0.15 µM. These findings indicate that regular consumption of the fruits of C. lansium may help people prevent the occurrence of Parkinson's disease. In addition, the separation and identification of these carbazole alkaloids possessing remarkable neuroprotective effects from the fruits of C. lansium could be extremely important to the discovery of new agents for the prevention and treatment of Parkinson's disease.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/química , Carbazóis/química , Clausena/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Carbazóis/isolamento & purificação , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Frutas/química , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/isolamento & purificação , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia
17.
Mar Drugs ; 17(5)2019 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31035362

RESUMO

Three new azaphilone alkaloids containing glutamine residues, namely N-glutarylchaetoviridins A-C (1-3), together with two related compounds (4 and 5) were isolated from the extract of Chaetomium globosum HDN151398, a fungus isolated from a deep-sea sediment sample collected in South China Sea. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive 1D and 2D NMR as well as HRESIMS spectroscopic data and chemical analysis. N-glutarylchaetoviridins A-C (1-3) represent the first class of chaetoviridins characterized by embedded glutamate residues. Amino acids incubation experiments produced five azaphilone laden different amino acids residues (6-10) which indicated that this method can enhanced the structural diversity of this strain by culturing with amino acids. Cytotoxicity of the isolated compounds were evaluated against a panel of human cancer cell lines.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzopiranos/farmacologia , Chaetomium/química , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Pigmentos Biológicos/farmacologia , Alcaloides/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Organismos Aquáticos/química , Benzopiranos/química , Benzopiranos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Glutamina/química , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Pigmentos Biológicos/química , Pigmentos Biológicos/isolamento & purificação
18.
Mar Drugs ; 17(5)2019 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31035506

RESUMO

Three new diketopiperazine alkaloids, including two oxepine-containing diketopiperazines, chrysopiperazines A and B (1 and 2), and one quinazoline-containing diketopiperazine, chrysopiperazine C (5), together with three known analogues (3, 4, and 6), were isolated from the gorgonian-derived Penicillium chrysogenum fungus. The relative and absolute configurations of C-3 and C-15 in 1 and 2, C-3 and C-14 in 5 were established by NOE modified Marfey's analysis and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Particularly, the absolute configurations of C-19 in 1 and 3, which was very challenging to be identified due to the flexible conformation in a short aliphatic chain, were successfully determined by the vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) method, supplying with a reliable and optional method to define the absolute configurations. Additionally, this is the first report on oxepine-containing diketopiperazines from the genus Penicillium.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/química , Antozoários/microbiologia , Dicetopiperazinas/química , Penicillium chrysogenum/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/química , Antifúngicos/isolamento & purificação , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Dicroísmo Circular , Dicetopiperazinas/isolamento & purificação , Dicetopiperazinas/farmacologia , Fungos/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Conformação Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética
19.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(18): 5159-5168, 2019 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006247

RESUMO

In the current study, nine amide alkaloids, including two new dimeric amides and a new natural product, were identified from Piper nigrum. Among them, seven compounds sensitized paclitaxel-resistant cervical cancer cells HeLa/PTX to paclitaxel. Piperine was a major component obtained from Piper nigrum, and its sensitization mechanism was investigated. Combination treatment enhanced cell apoptosis, which was mediated by downregulation of phospho-Akt and Mcl-1. Piperine (50 µM) combined with paclitaxel (200 nM) downregulated Mcl-1 protein expression with a decrease of 35.9 ± 9.5% ( P < 0.05). Moreover, overexpression of Mcl-1 attenuated the inhibitory effect of this combination. Furthermore, combination treatments of six dimeric amide alkaloids and paclitaxel all downregulated Mcl-1 protein expression with a decrease ranging from 23.5 ± 9.7% to 41.7 ± 7.2% ( P < 0.05). We reveal, for the first time, that dimeric amide alkaloids from plants possess a remarkable sensitization effect on cancer cells to paclitaxel.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Proteína de Sequência 1 de Leucemia de Células Mieloides/genética , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Piper nigrum/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Alcaloides/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Feminino , Células HeLa , Humanos , Proteína de Sequência 1 de Leucemia de Células Mieloides/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/fisiopatologia
20.
Mar Drugs ; 17(4)2019 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30934741

RESUMO

Vibrio diabolicus A1SM3 strain was isolated from a sediment sample from Manaure Solar Saltern in La Guajira and the produced crude extracts have shown antibacterial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and cytotoxic activity against human lung cell line. Thus, the aim of this research was to identify the main compound responsible for the biological activity observed and to systematically study how each carbon and nitrogen source in the growth media, and variation of the salinity, affect its production. For the characterization of the bioactive metabolites, 15 fractions obtained from Vibrio diabolicus A1SM3 crude extract were analyzed by HPLC-MS/MS and their activity was established. The bioactive fractions were dereplicated with Antibase and Marinlit databases, which combined with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra and fragmentation by MS/MS, led to the identification of 2,2-di(3-indolyl)-3-indolone (isotrisindoline), an indole-derivative antibiotic, previously isolated from marine organisms. The influence of the variations of the culture media in isotrisindoline production was established by molecular network and MZmine showing that the media containing starch and peptone at 7% NaCl was the best culture media to produce it. Also, polyhydroxybutyrates (PHB) identification was established by MS/MS mainly in casamino acids media, contributing to the first report on PHB production by this strain.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/biossíntese , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Técnicas Bacteriológicas/métodos , Vibrio/química , Vibrio/metabolismo , Alcaloides/biossíntese , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Organismos Aquáticos/microbiologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Misturas Complexas/química , Misturas Complexas/isolamento & purificação , Meios de Cultura , Humanos , Hidroxibutiratos/química , Hidroxibutiratos/farmacologia , Isoindóis/isolamento & purificação , Isoindóis/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Poliésteres/química , Poliésteres/farmacologia , Poli-Hidroxialcanoatos/química , Poli-Hidroxialcanoatos/farmacologia , Salinidade
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