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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211606, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1253158

RESUMO

Aim: The present study sought to investigate dental caries experience and its association with sociodemographic, postnatal and breastfeeding variables in children in the agerange from 6 to 71 months of age, in the Xingu Indigenous Park, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Methods: This was an analytical cross-sectional study that used secondary data pertaining to 402 indigenous children of the Low, Middle and Eastern Xingu regions, who participated in the Oral Health Epidemiological Survey in 2013. The dependent variable was dental caries, dichotomized by the median (dmf-t≤1 and dmf-t>1). The data of independent variables were obtained by means of instruments of the Local Health Information System of the Xingu Indigenous Special Sanitary District (DSEI). Raw analyses were performed to test the association of the independent variables with the dependent variable. The variables were tested in the multiple logistic regression model. Results: The mean value of the dmf-t index was 2.60 and the prevalence of affected children was 51%. In the multiple analysis, only children older than 36 months (OR: 6.64; CI95%: 4.11 to 10.73) and those that were breastfed for a longer period of time (OR: 1.88; CI95%: 1.16 to 3.02) showed significant association with the dmf-t>1 index. Conclusion: Childhood dental caries among indigenous children was associated with age and breastfeeding prolonged for over 26 months, therefore, pointing out the need to offer dental follow-up care at earlier ages


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Aleitamento Materno , Índios Sul-Americanos , Saúde Bucal , Cárie Dentária
2.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48276

RESUMO

Estudo aponta a necessidade de investimento na atenção à saúde mental das mulheres no pós-parto, diminuindo o desmame precoce e melhorando as condições de vida da mulher e seu bebê.


Assuntos
Desmame , Depressão , Ansiedade , Aleitamento Materno , Período Pós-Parto , Saúde Mental , Saúde Materno-Infantil
3.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48278

RESUMO

Um estudo do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da USP (HC), realizado pelo Instituto da Criança e do Adolescente, indicou presença de anticorpos em leite de colaboradoras lactantes do HC, imunizadas com a vacina Coronavac, do Instituto Butantã. Foi observado que a segunda dose fornece um incremento no nível de anticorpos das gestantes e, em algumas das colaboradoras, níveis altos de anticorpos contra a covid-19 mantiveram-se no leite mesmo depois de alguns meses de amamentação.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Leite Humano , Aleitamento Materno , Gestantes
4.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48279

RESUMO

No início de 2021, foram publicados alguns estudos, em especial um israelense (Perl e colaboradores) e outro americano (Gray e colaboradores), que identificaram anticorpos no leite materno de lactantes vacinadas com a vacina da Pfizer-BioNTech, à época não disponível no Brasil. Esses anticorpos poderiam, provavelmente, proteger os recém-nascidos e crianças maiores em aleitamento materno contra a Covid-19.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Leite Humano/imunologia , Aleitamento Materno
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34208247

RESUMO

Changes in perinatal care occurring during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic may negatively affect mothers' mental health and breastfeeding. This study, performed between April and May 2020, aimed to investigate the effect of restricted partners' visiting policies on non-infected mother's anxiety symptoms, the perceived postpartum support, and the breastfeeding outcomes at discharge. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a neonatal tertiary referral center in northern Italy during Italy's lockdown. We enrolled mothers with a negative nasopharyngeal swab for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), adequate oral and written comprehension of the Italian language, and absence of underlying maternal or neonatal clinical conditions. Maternal anxiety levels were assessed through the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Form Y (STAI-Y). Maternal perception of staff's support was evaluated by the Nurse Parent Support Tool (NPST). A STATE-A (concurrent emotional state after a specific situation) score ≥ 40 was considered indicative of clinically significant symptoms of anxiety. A total of 109 mothers completed the study. Mean STATE-A score was ≥40 in 42% of mothers, and median NPST score was 4.23. Mothers separated from their partner had a mean STATE-A score ≥ 40 in a higher percentage of cases than those who were not (51% vs. 30%, p = 0.03) and a lower perception of caregiver support. A NPST score ≤4.23, partner 's absence during the hospital stay and primiparity were independently associated with a STATE-A score ≥ 40. Breastfeeding rates at discharge were not influenced by maternal anxiety levels and partner's restricted policies. Instead, they were influenced by mode of delivery, a well-known risk factor, and pre-pandemic intention to breastfeed. Our study demonstrates the positive impact of a partner's presence on maternal mental health and perception of caregiver support.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , COVID-19 , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Itália/epidemiologia , Saúde Mental , Mães , Pandemias , Políticas , Gravidez , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 29: e3438, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to relate the type of breastfeeding in the women's sexual function. METHOD: a cross-sectional study conducted with 150 women in the postpartum period registered in the Family Health Strategy of a large Brazilian municipality. Two instruments were used: one for characterizing sociodemographic, obstetric and breastfeeding variables, and the Female Sexual Function Index for the sexual function. Descriptive data analysis was performed, comparing the variables of interest using the Analysis of Variance, Brown-Forsythe and Tukey tests. RESULTS: there was statistical significance between the groups that practiced different types of breastfeeding in the vaginal lubrication domain (p = 0.015), with the mothers in mixed or partial breastfeeding presenting a higher score for this domain (3.8). CONCLUSION: there is a difference in the female sexual function between different types of breastfeeding. Women who presented better vaginal lubrication belonged to the mixed breastfeeding group.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Período Pós-Parto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Mães , Gravidez
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201000

RESUMO

Using social media is one important strategy to communicate research and public health guidelines to the scientific community and general public. Empirical evidence about which communication strategies are effective around breastfeeding messaging is scarce. To fill this gap, we aimed to identify influencers in the largest available Twitter database using social network analysis (n = 10,694 users), inductively analyze tweets, and explore communication strategies, motivations, and challenges via semi-structured interviews. Influencers had diverse backgrounds within and beyond the scientific health community (SHC; 42.7%): 54.7% were from the general public and 3% were companies. SHC contributed to most of the tweets (n = 798 tweets), disseminating guidelines and research findings more frequently than others (p < 0.001). Influencers from the general community mostly tweeted opinions regarding the current state of breastfeeding research and advocacy. Interviewees provided practical strategies (e.g., preferred visuals, tone, and writing style) to achieve personal and societal goals including career opportunities, community support, and improved breastfeeding practices. Complex challenges that need to be addressed were identified. Ideological differences regarding infant feeding may be hampering constructive communication, including differences in influencers' interpretation of the WHO International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes and in perspectives regarding which social media interactions encompass conflict of interest.


Assuntos
Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Mídias Sociais , Aleitamento Materno , Comunicação , Feminino , Humanos , Análise de Rede Social
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201200

RESUMO

Breastfeeding has an important impact on maternal and child health, and is affected by several factors influencing its initiation and continuation. This qualitative study aimed to assess the main promoting and hindering factors for breastfeeding support in Lebanese daycare centers (DCCs), through the perspective of their directors and employees. The study was based on semi-structured interviews with 13 directors and 9 employees. It explored the influence of various cognitive factors as well as different environment types (physical, economic, political, and sociocultural) on their breastfeeding support. Findings suggested the directors and employees valued improving breastfeeding support in DCCs and the physical set-up of the DCCs allowed for this. However, various other factors restricted their abilities to support breastfeeding in the DCC, including limited knowledge and training on the topic, absence of written internal policies on breastfeeding, lack of enforcement in the application of national policies, and the current mothers' work policies that negatively influenced the decision to breastfeed. Improvements could be achieved through integrated interventions, targeting the interaction of internal DCCs factors and national and DCCs breastfeeding policies, as well as several social factors, to create a multilevel approach targeting breastfeeding continuation support in breastfeeding-friendly DCCs in Lebanon and the region.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Mães , Criança , Creches , Feminino , Humanos , Líbano , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Apoio Social
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34202781

RESUMO

Breastfeeding protects against adverse cardiovascular outcomes in the long term. Melatonin is an active molecule that is present in the breast milk produced at night beginning in the first stages of lactation. This indoleamine appears to be a relevant contributor to the benefits of breast milk because it can affect infant health in several ways. The melatonin concentration in breast milk varies in a circadian pattern, making breast milk a chrononutrient. The consumption of melatonin can induce the first circadian stimulation in the infant's body at an age when his/her own circadian machinery is not functioning yet. This molecule is also a powerful antioxidant with the ability to act on infant cells directly as a scavenger and indirectly by lowering oxidant molecule production and enhancing the antioxidant capacity of the body. Melatonin also participates in regulating inflammation. Furthermore, melatonin can participate in shaping the gut microbiota composition, richness, and variation over time, also modulating which molecules are absorbed by the host. In all these ways, melatonin from breast milk influences weight gain in infants, limiting the development of obesity and comorbidities in the long term, and it can help shape the ideal cellular environment for the development of the infant's cardiovascular system.


Assuntos
Sistema Cardiovascular/metabolismo , Melatonina/metabolismo , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição , Animais , Aleitamento Materno , Sistema Cardiovascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Lactação , Melatonina/farmacologia , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199564

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Timely initiation of breastfeeding is the first step towards achieving recommended breastfeeding behaviours. Delayed breastfeeding initiation harms neonatal health and survival, including infection associated neonatal mortality. Eighty percent of neonatal deaths occur in the low-and middle-income countries (LMICs), where delayed breastfeeding initiation is the highest. Place and mode of childbirth are important factors determining the time of initiation of breastfeeding. In this study, we report the prevalence of delayed breastfeeding initiation from 58 LMICs and investigate the relationship between place and mode of childbirth and delayed breastfeeding initiation in each country. METHODS: We analysed data from the most recent Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) and Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) collected between 2012 and 2017 and reported by 2019. The study sample comprised all women who had a live birth in the 24 months preceding the survey. 'Delayed' initiation of breastfeeding was defined using WHO recommendations as starting breastfeeding after one hour of birth. We coded the stratifying variable for the place and mode of childbirth as "vaginal birth at a facility (VBF)", "caesarean section birth (CSB) ", and "vaginal birth at home (VBH)". We used respondent-level sampling weights to account for individual surveys and de-normalised the standard survey weights to ensure the appropriate contribution of data from each country. We report the prevalence and population attributable fractions with robust standard errors. The population attributable risk identifies the proportion of delayed initiation that we could avert among VBH and CSB if everyone had the same risk of delaying breastfeeding as in VBF. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of delayed initiation of breastfeeding was 53.8% (95% CI 53.3, 54.3), ranging from 15.0% (95% CI 13.8, 16.2) in Burundi to 83.4% (95% CI 80.6, 86.0) in Guinea. The prevalence of delayed initiation of breastfeeding was consistently high among women who experienced caesarean section births; however, there was no direct association with each country's national caesarean section rates. The prevalence of delayed initiation among women who experienced VBF was high in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, even though the CSB rates were low. In some countries, women who give birth vaginally in health facilities were more likely to delay breastfeeding initiation than women who did not. In many places, women who give birth by caesarean section were less likely to delay breastfeeding initiation. Population attributable risk percent for VBH ranged from -28.5% in Ukraine to 22.9% in Moldova, and for CSB, from 10.3% in Guinea to 54.8% in Burundi. On average, across all 58 countries, 24.4% of delayed initiation could be prevented if all women had the same risk of delaying breastfeeding initiation as in VBF. DISCUSSION: In general, women who give birth in a health facility were less likely to experience delayed initiation of breastfeeding. Programs could avert much of the delayed breastfeeding initiation in LMICs if the prevalence of delayed initiation amongst women who experience CSB were the same as amongst women who experience VBF. Crucial reforms of health facilities are required to ensure early breastfeeding practices and to create pro-breastfeeding supportive environments as recommended in intervention packages like the Baby-friendly hospital initiative and Early essential newborn care. The findings from this study will guide program managers to identify countries at varying levels of preparedness to establish and maintain a breastfeeding-friendly environment at health facilities. Thus, governments should prioritise intervention strategies to improve coverage and settings surrounding early initiation of breastfeeding while considering the complex role of place and mode of childbirth.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Cesárea , África ao Sul do Saara , Ásia , Burundi , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Moldávia , Parto , Gravidez , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ucrânia
11.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 225(1): 10-20, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215351

RESUMO

The data available to inform pregnant and lactating women about drug safety and efficacy are woefully inadequate. This lack of information encompasses every aspect of pharmaceutics, including limited human data about the embryonic risk, limited pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic information during and after pregnancy to ensure proper dosing, and a dearth of new medications to treat obstetrical and lactation disorders. This state of affairs has been longstanding and can be attributed to several realities, most of which have withstood any efforts to modify them. The first reality is the disinterest of the pharmaceutical industry to undertake pregnancy and lactation studies because of the considerable disincentives to undertake such studies. The medicolegal risks and the limited opportunity for financial gain are significant barriers to their participation. The US Food and Drug Administration has not mandated that new drugs or drugs "on patent" must include studies in pregnant women. Regulatory constrains that have defined pregnant women as a vulnerable class have greatly limited pharmacologic studies. Another contributing factor to this lack of information is the lack of researchers skilled in pharmacology with an interest in the pregnant woman. In addition, although difficult to measure, there is the hesitancy of pregnant and lactating women to participate in pharmacology research either for fear of fetal risk or an inability to commit the time required for such studies. Research in obstetrical and lactation pharmacology lags far behind that of pediatric pharmacology. Through the efforts of many, research in that field is highly funded and very productive in providing new information on medications used in children who, like pregnant women, have differing pharmacologic needs based on age (chronology for children and gestational age for pregnant women). Recently, the deficiencies and possible remedies for this embarrassing state of affairs in obstetrical and lactation pharmacology have been addressed by the federal government, which led to 15 recommendations from the Task Force on Research Specific to Pregnant Women and Lactating Women. In this article, we address the challenges in providing meaningful information about specific medications used by the mother and how these problems have evolved. We also suggest specific strategies to start the process of remediation.


Assuntos
Lactação , Obstetrícia , Aleitamento Materno , Criança , Feminino , Feto , Humanos , Gravidez , Gestantes
12.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 74(3): e20200869, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259729

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to assess the sustainability of the Breastfeeding-Friendly Primary Care Initiative by analyzing compliance with the Ten Steps in accredited units; and association with maternal satisfaction and exclusive breastfeeding. METHODS: a cross-sectional study conducted in 2016. An assessment of compliance, conducted by interviews with health professionals, pregnant women, and mothers. An association between compliance and satisfaction, analyzed by Spearman>s correlation test; and association between contextual/individual characteristics and exclusive breastfeeding, by the multilevel Poisson regression. RESULTS: compliance was 5.4-10 points and satisfaction was 36.8%-100%. Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding was 56.7%. There was a correlation between compliance and satisfaction. Higher education, prenatal orientation, hospital discharge on exclusive breastfeeding, attendance in mixed units, and female gender of the child were associated with higher prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding; on the other hand, increasing age and pacifier use were associated with lower prevalence. CONCLUSIONS: the Initiative proved to be sustainable; compliance with the Ten Steps was high and was reflected in maternal satisfaction.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Mães , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Gravidez , Gestantes , Atenção Primária à Saúde
13.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(6)2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193450

RESUMO

A 3-month-old, full term female infant, adequate for gestational age, and exclusively breastfed, was admitted with a 10 day history of generalised scaling erythematous dermatitis, affecting the face (perinasal, nasolabial folds and periauricular), acral and intertriginous areas, with irritability and failure to thrive. Her mother had been treated with isoniazid since the third trimester because of family contact with tuberculosis. Based on a diagnosis of suspected impetiginised eczema, the infant was treated with flucloxacillin and prednisolone, and maternal isoniazid was suspended, with no improvement. Investigations found low serum zinc levels in the infant (33 µg/dL; normal range (NR) >60 µg/dL), normal plasma zinc levels in the mother (111.3 µg/dL; NR 68-120 µg/dL) and lower than the normal range of zinc levels in breast milk (270µg/L; NR 1000-2500 µg/L), suggesting acrodermatitis caused by zinc deficiency. Oral zinc supplementation (3 mg/kg/day) was started with a marked improvement in skin lesions, as well as good weight gain. At the age of 6 months, after food diversification, supplementation was suspended, without any recurrence of symptoms.


Assuntos
Acrodermatite , Desnutrição , Acrodermatite/diagnóstico , Acrodermatite/tratamento farmacológico , Acrodermatite/etiologia , Aleitamento Materno , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Leite Humano/química , Zinco
14.
Nutrients ; 13(6)2021 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34203027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nutritional status influences immunity but its specific association with susceptibility to COVID-19 remains unclear. We examined the association of specific dietary data and incident COVID-19 in the UK Biobank (UKB). METHODS: We considered UKB participants in England with self-reported baseline (2006-2010) data and linked them to Public Health England COVID-19 test results-performed on samples from combined nose/throat swabs, using real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)-between March and November 2020. Baseline diet factors included breastfed as baby and specific consumption of coffee, tea, oily fish, processed meat, red meat, fruit, and vegetables. Individual COVID-19 exposure was estimated using the UK's average monthly positive case rate per specific geo-populations. Logistic regression estimated the odds of COVID-19 positivity by diet status adjusting for baseline socio-demographic factors, medical history, and other lifestyle factors. Another model was further adjusted for COVID-19 exposure. RESULTS: Eligible UKB participants (n = 37,988) were 40 to 70 years of age at baseline; 17% tested positive for COVID-19 by SAR-CoV-2 PCR. After multivariable adjustment, the odds (95% CI) of COVID-19 positivity was 0.90 (0.83, 0.96) when consuming 2-3 cups of coffee/day (vs. <1 cup/day), 0.88 (0.80, 0.98) when consuming vegetables in the third quartile of servings/day (vs. lowest quartile), 1.14 (1.01, 1.29) when consuming fourth quartile servings of processed meats (vs. lowest quartile), and 0.91 (0.85, 0.98) when having been breastfed (vs. not breastfed). Associations were attenuated when further adjusted for COVID-19 exposure, but patterns of associations remained. CONCLUSIONS: In the UK Biobank, consumption of coffee, vegetables, and being breastfed as a baby were favorably associated with incident COVID-19; intake of processed meat was adversely associated. Although these findings warrant independent confirmation, adherence to certain dietary behaviors may be an additional tool to existing COVID-19 protection guidelines to limit the spread of this virus.


Assuntos
COVID-19/etiologia , Café , Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar , Carne , Estado Nutricional , Verduras , Idoso , Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Aleitamento Materno , COVID-19/virologia , Inglaterra , Feminino , Manipulação de Alimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Pública , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Reino Unido
15.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(6)2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207460

RESUMO

Lithium salts are the first-line prophylaxis treatment for bipolar disorder in most guidelines. The majority of bipolar women are treated with mood stabilizers at the time they wish to get pregnant. One reason for this is the rising average age at first childbirth, at least in the high-income countries, which increases in general the likelihood of a medication with psychotropic drugs. Previously, lithium exposition during pregnancy was thought to strongly increase the risk of severe cardiac malformation. However, recent studies only point to a low teratogenic risk, so nowadays an increasing number of women are getting pregnant with ongoing lithium treatment. Regarding lithium medication during breastfeeding, there is evidence that lithium transfers to the breastmilk and can also be detected in the infants' serum. The influence on the infant is still a largely understudied topic. Regular monitoring of the infants' renal clearance, thyroid function, and lithium levels is warranted when breastfeeding under lithium exposure. In this case series, we present three case reports of bipolar mothers who were treated with lithium during pregnancy and breastfeeding to add to the scarce literature on this important topic. In short, we strengthen the importance of therapeutic drug monitoring due to fluctuating plasma levels during pregnancy and after birth, and we can report the birth and development of three healthy infants despite lithium medication during pregnancy and breastfeeding.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar , Lítio , Transtorno Bipolar/tratamento farmacológico , Aleitamento Materno , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Lítio/efeitos adversos , Leite Humano , Gravidez , Psicotrópicos/efeitos adversos
16.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 473, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210276

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, drastic measures for social distancing have been introduced also in Italy, likely with a substantial impact in delicate conditions like pregnancy and puerperium. The study aimed to investigate the changes in lifestyle, access to health services, and mental wellbeing during the first Italian lockdown in a sample of Italian pregnant women and new mothers. METHODS: We carried out a web-based survey to evaluate how pregnant women and new mothers were coping with the lockdown. We collected data about healthy habits (physical exercise and dietary habits), access to health services (care access, delivery and obstetric care, neonatal care, and breastfeeding), and mental wellbeing (psychological well-being and emotive support). Descriptive analysis was performed for both groups of participants, whereas a Poisson analysis was used to measure the association between some structural variables (age, education, socio-economic data, partner support, contact, free time, previous children, and pregnancy trimester) and anxiety or depression, difficulties in healthy eating and reduction in physical activity after lockdown started. Chi2 and Adjusted Prevalence Ratios were estimated only for pregnant women. RESULTS: We included 739 respondents (response rate 85.8 %), 600 were pregnant (81.2 %), and 139 (18.8 %) had delivered during lockdown (new mothers). We found a high score for anxiety and depression in 62.8 % of pregnant women and 61.9 % of new mothers. During the lockdown, 61.8 % of pregnant women reduced their physical exercise, and 44.3 % reported eating in a healthier way. 94.0 % of new mothers reported to have breastfed their babies during the hospital stay. Regarding the perceived impact of restrictive measures on breastfeeding, no impact was reported by 56.1 % of new mothers, whereas a negative one by 36.7 %. CONCLUSIONS: The high prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in pregnant women and new mothers should be a public health issue. Clinicians might also recommend and encourage "home" physical exercise. On the other hand, about half of the sample improved their approach towards healthy eating and a very high breastfeeding rate was reported soon after birth: these data are an interesting starting point to develop new strategies for public health.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Estilo de Vida , Saúde Mental , Mães/psicologia , Parto/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Quarentena , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Aleitamento Materno , Depressão/epidemiologia , Dieta Saudável , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Jovem
17.
Nutrients ; 13(6)2021 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205285

RESUMO

Breastfeeding and infant nutrition have an important impact on child health. The last representative data on breastfeeding in Austria was collected in 2006. The SUKIE-Study (Säuglings- und Kinderernährung) is a representative, longitudinal survey (online questionnaire) for participating mothers at four time points (14 days, four, six and 12 months post-partum). Questions on when other foods were first introduced were asked retrospectively. To ensure international comparisons, the World Health Organization's definitions for breastfeeding, including "Infant and Young Child Feeding" indicators, were used. After eligibility screening, 1214 of 1666 invited mothers were included in the analysis. The initial breastfeeding rate was 97.5% and was reduced to 40.8% after 12 months. The rate of exclusive breastfeeding at one week of age was 55.5% and decreased to 1.9% after six months. Half of the infants received infant formula for the first time within the first three days of life (median). Out of the mothers that did wean breastfeeding in the first 12 months, the median duration was 27 weeks (right-censored data). Compared with 2006, an increase (93.2% to 97.5%) in the initial breastfeeding rate was found. However, other findings show that breastfeeding duration, including exclusive breastfeeding rates, need further improvement.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Organização Mundial da Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Áustria , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Fórmulas Infantis , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Longitudinais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Desmame , Adulto Jovem
18.
Nutrients ; 13(6)2021 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205375

RESUMO

Understanding the specific geographical distribution of stunting is essential for planning and implementing targeted public health interventions in high-burdened countries. This study investigated geographical variations in the prevalence of stunting sub-nationally, and the determinants of stunting among children under 5 years of age in Ethiopia. We used the 2016 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) dataset for children aged 0-59 months with valid anthropometric measurements and geographic coordinates (n = 9089). We modelled the prevalence of stunting and its determinants using Bayesian geospatially explicit regression models. The prevalence of stunting among children under five years was 36.3% (95% credible interval (CrI); 22.6%, 51.4%) in Ethiopia, with wide variations sub-nationally and by age group. The prevalence of childhood stunting ranged from 56.6% (37.4-74.6%) in the Mekelle Special zone of the Tigray region to 25.5% (10.5-48.9%) in the Sheka zone of the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples region. Factors associated with a reduced likelihood of stunting in Ethiopia included non-receipt of breastmilk, mother's BMI (overweight/obese), employment status (employed), and higher household wealth, while the enablers were residence in the "arid" geographic areas, small birth size of the child, and mother's BMI (underweight). The prevalence and determinants of stunting varied across Ethiopia. Efforts to reduce the burden of childhood stunting should consider geographical heterogeneity and modifiable risk factors.


Assuntos
Teorema de Bayes , Transtornos do Crescimento/epidemiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Clima , Dieta , Emprego , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Mães , Estado Nutricional , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos
19.
Nutrients ; 13(6)2021 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205416

RESUMO

Understanding the role in pediatric obesity of early life feeding practices and dietary intake at school age is essential for early prevention. The study aimed to examine associations of early life feeding practices, environmental and health-related exposures, and dietary intake at school age as determinants of obesity in children aged 10-12 years. In an earlier study of 233 healthy infants in two Arab towns in northern Israel, neonatal history, feeding practices, and health information were obtained up to age 18 months. This follow-up study assessed dietary intake and anthropometric measurements at age 10-12 years using the 24 h recall method. Overall, 174 children participated in this study. Almost all (98%) the children were breastfed. The prevalence of obesity at school age was 42%. A multivariable model adjusted for energy intake and socioeconomic status showed positive associations of total fat intake and of weight-for-height z score, but not feeding practices in infancy, with obesity. Higher gestational age at birth was associated with lower odds of obesity at age 10-12 years. In conclusion, in a population with near universal breastfeeding, gestational age at birth, weight indicators but not feeding practices in infancy, and total fat intake at school age were associated with increased likelihood of obesity.


Assuntos
Dieta , Ingestão de Alimentos/fisiologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Árabes , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Cultura , Gorduras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Ingestão de Energia , Comportamento Alimentar , Métodos de Alimentação , Feminino , Seguimentos , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente , Israel/epidemiologia , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos
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