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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253613, 2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345548

RESUMO

Abstract Soybean meal is an inexpensive plant origin protein which has been used in practical diets as a replacement of animal protein such as fish meal or chicken meal, due to the uneconomical price of animal protein diets. Consequently, a research study was conducted on some commercial species of Indian major carps i.e. Catla (Cattla cattla), Rohu (Labeo rohita) and Mrigala (Cirhinus mrigala) (Hamilton, 1822) to estimate optimum dietary protein requirement of soy bean meal in diet in an intensive polyculture. Three different diets (SBM I, SBM II and SBM III) were formulated by 80%, 50% and 20% replacement of fish meal with soybean meal from a 45% fish meal diet (control).Highest monthly mean weight gain was obtained by SBM II (with 35% CP and about 50% substitution of fish meal), while SBM III (45% Crude Protein and about 20% substitution of fish meal) was stood second. All tested diets respond enormously by producing high yield as compare to control diet, though SBM II generated highest yield among all. On the bases of the following research, it was revealed that the SBM can surrogate even50% fish meal without any augmentation of other amino acids in the diet of Indian major carps.


Resumo O farelo de soja é uma proteína de origem vegetal de baixo custo que tem sido usada em dietas práticas como um substituto da proteína animal, como farinha de peixe ou farinha de frango, devido ao preço não econômico das dietas com proteína animal. Consequentemente, um estudo/pesquisa foi realizado com algumas espécies comerciais de carpas principais indianas, ou seja, Catla (Cattla cattla), Rohu (Labeo rohita) e Mrigala (Cirhinus mrigala) (Hamilton, 1822), para estimar a necessidade ideal de proteína dietética de farelo de soja na dieta em uma policultura intensiva. Três dietas diferentes (SBM I, SBM II e SBM III) foram formuladas por 80%, 50% e 20% de substituição de farinha de peixe por farelo de soja de uma dieta de 45% de farinha de peixe (controle). O maior ganho de peso médio mensal foi obtido por SBM II (com 35% PB e cerca de 50% de substituição de farinha de peixe), enquanto SBM III (45% de proteína bruta e cerca de 20% de substituição de farinha de peixe) ficou em segundo lugar. Todas as dietas testadas respondem enormemente produzindo alto rendimento em comparação com a dieta controle, embora SBM II tenha gerado o maior rendimento entre todas. Com base na pesquisa a seguir, foi revelado que o SBM pode substituir até 50% da farinha de peixe sem qualquer aumento de outros aminoácidos na dieta das carpas principais indianas.


Assuntos
Animais , Carpas , Cyprinidae , Soja , Alimentos Marinhos , Dieta/veterinária , Ração Animal/análise , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal
2.
Food Chem ; 398: 133876, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35969990

RESUMO

Terasi is a fermented shrimp paste in Indonesia. We examined the effect of the Terasi manufacturing process on the abundance of the allergen tropomyosin (TM) and its IgG/IgE-binding ability. Terasi was produced from three shrimps, Akiami (Acetes japonicus), Okiami (Euphausia pacifica), and Isazaami (Neomysis awatchensis). Protein degradation and TM IgE-binding activity were examined by immunoblotting using anti-TM rabbit IgG and competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays using shrimp-allergic patients' sera. The processing caused TM degradation, and the IgG-specific response in Akiami meat disappeared at the second fermentation step but remained in both Okiami and Isazaami Terasi. In contrast, TM IgE-binding in all meats decreased gradually during manufacturing and nearly completely disappeared in Akiami Terasi. Conclusively, Terasi production is an effective manufacturing process to reduce the IgE-binding ability of TM, and Terasi can be recognized as a low allergenic seafood when produced under an appropriate manufacturing condition.


Assuntos
Decápodes , Alimentos Fermentados , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar , Penaeidae , Alérgenos/metabolismo , Animais , Crustáceos/metabolismo , Decápodes/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina E/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina G/metabolismo , Indonésia , Penaeidae/metabolismo , Coelhos , Alimentos Marinhos , Tropomiosina/metabolismo
3.
Food Chem ; 399: 133989, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36041337

RESUMO

To characterize the involvement of microorganisms in amino acid degradation and fish quality deterioration, three major grass carp spoilage bacteria were artificially inoculated in amino acid solutions (in-vitro) and grass carp flesh (in-situ). Results showed that Pseudomonas putida largely degraded free amino acids and produced 3.78 mM/100 g ammonia in grass carp flesh, relying on its high amino acid deamination1 activity. Aeromonas rivipollensis produced 3-Methyl-butanol and 2-Methyl-butanol through leucine and isoleucine degradation. Shewanella putrefaciens had potent ornithine-decarboxylation activity (423.91 × 10-9 µg/CFU) and released 22.98 mg/kg putrescine in situ. S. putrefaciens could produce more putrescine when cooperating with P. putida through the arginine deiminase pathway. To conclude, the biochemical activities identified through in-vitro tests correlated well with quality changes in inoculated grass carp flesh. The outcomes of this study provided fundamental information on the spoilage mechanisms of freshwater fish and important guidance for the development of quality control strategies.


Assuntos
Carpas , Contaminação de Alimentos , Alimentos Marinhos , Shewanella putrefaciens , Aminoácidos , Animais , Butanóis , Proteínas de Peixes , Putrescina , Alimentos Marinhos/microbiologia
4.
BMC Microbiol ; 22(1): 233, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36183083

RESUMO

Compared to the clinical sector, the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in the food sector is relatively low. However, their presence in seafood is a significant public health concern. In India, fish and fishery products are maximally manually handled compared to other food products. In this study, 498 fish samples were collected under various conditions (fresh, chilled or dressed) and representatives from their surroundings. These samples were screened for the prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus, determining its antimicrobial resistance, MRSA and genetic profile. It is observed that 15.0% and 3.0% of the total samples were screened positive for S. aureus and MRSA, respectively. The S. aureus strain MRSARF-10 showed higher resistance to linezolid, co-trimoxazole, cefoxitin, ofloxacin, gentamicin, rifampicin, ampicillin/sulbactam and Piperacillin-tazobactam. This MRSA, spa type t021 and SCCmec type V strain isolated from dried ribbon fish (Family Trachipteridae) carried virulence factors for exoenzymes such as aureolysin, serine, toxin genes and a novel MLST ST 243, as revealed from its draft-genome sequence. This highly pathogenic, multidrug-resistant and virulent S. aureus novel strain is circulating in the environment with chances of spreading among the seafood workers and the environment. It is further suggested that Good Hygienic Practices recommended by World Health Organization need to be followed during the different stages of seafood processing to provide pathogen-free fish and fishery products to the consumers.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Infecções Estafilocócicas , Ampicilina , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Cefoxitina , Gentamicinas , Linezolida , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/genética , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Ofloxacino , Piperacilina , Prevalência , Rifampina , Alimentos Marinhos , Serina , Infecções Estafilocócicas/epidemiologia , Staphylococcus aureus , Sulbactam , Tazobactam , Combinação Trimetoprima e Sulfametoxazol , Fatores de Virulência/genética
5.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 16557, 2022 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36192531

RESUMO

Nonlethal injury is a pervasive stress on individual animals that can affect large portions of a population at any given time. Yet most studies examine snapshots of injury at a single place and time, making the implicit assumption that the impacts of nonlethal injury are constant. We sampled Asian shore crabs Hemigrapsus sanguineus throughout their invasive North American range and from the spring through fall of 2020. We then documented the prevalence of limb loss over this space and time. We further examined the impacts of limb loss and limb regeneration on food consumption, growth, reproduction, and energy storage. We show that injury differed substantially across sites and was most common towards the southern part of their invaded range on the East Coast of North America. Injury also varied idiosyncratically across sites and through time. It also had strong impacts on individuals via reduced growth and reproduction, despite increased food consumption in injured crabs. Given the high prevalence of nonlethal injury in this species, these negative impacts of injury on individual animals likely scale up to influence population level processes (e.g., population growth), and may be one factor acting against the widespread success of this invader.


Assuntos
Braquiúros , Animais , Humanos , América do Norte , Crescimento Demográfico , Alimentos Marinhos , Estações do Ano
6.
Food Res Int ; 161: 111780, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36192876

RESUMO

Sulfite is widely used to prevent enzymatic browning in shrimp and lobster processing. However, sulfite may cause allergy in sensitive consumers. Thus, regulatory agencies set limits for its use. Sulfite is usually controlled by the normalized Monier-Williams (MW) titrimetric method that allows a limited number of samples to be analyzed. This manuscript consolidates an innovative method for sulfite inspection in seafood by capillary zone electrophoresis with diode array detector (CZE-DAD). A simple, fast, and simultaneous extraction and derivatization method was developed to provide high throughput for analytical routine. The high instability of the sulfite was suppressed by its derivatization with formaldehyde producing hydroxymethylsulfonate. The evaluation of its analytical performance yielded excellent results in compliance with the strict parameters required for metrological accreditation. The CZE-DAD method was selective and specific when submitted to confirmatory evaluations by liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. The limit of detection (3.50 mg kg-1), limit of quantitation (11.7 mg kg-1) and recoveries (99-103%) were adequate for sample analysis. The measurement uncertainty was estimated by the propagation of errors and experimental standard uncertainties (precision, accuracy, and analytical curves) and type B uncertainties from traceable measurement instruments. The low relative uncertainty (10%) and the adequate reproducibility demonstrated method suitability. The CZE-DAD results were compared to the MW method through the respective expanded standard uncertainties and normalized error. This new method is promising to be used in seafood inspection and continuous laboratory evaluations using instrumentation not very expensive to acquire and maintain.


Assuntos
Eletroforese Capilar , Sulfitos , Eletroforese Capilar/métodos , Formaldeído , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Alimentos Marinhos/análise
8.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15253, 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36085349

RESUMO

Basket clam soup, a popular Asian dish, is prepared by boiling clams in hot water. The soup is generally cloudy, and it is considered that increased cloudiness enhances taste. However, the composition of the whitening ingredients and their association with taste enhancement remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to identify the components contributing to the white colour of the boiled soup. The white component upon precipitation with trichloroacetic acid reacted positively with ninhydrin, indicating the presence of proteins. The separation of proteins using sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed an intense band of size 33 kDa. Peptide mass fingerprinting of the identified protein using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation-time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry revealed the protein as tropomyosin. To validate the involvement of tropomyosin in the turbidity of the soup, tropomyosin was expressed and extracted from Escherichia coli. As expected, the purified protein suspended in water resulted in turbid appearance. To determine whether lipids have any association with the observed cloudiness of the soup, the amounts of fatty acids were measured. The proportion of estimated fatty acids was very low compared to that of proteins. Overall, we identified the major component contributing to soup cloudiness as tropomyosin forming micelles.


Assuntos
Furunculose , Tropomiosina , Animais , Cor , Escherichia coli , Ácidos Graxos , Micelas , Alimentos Marinhos , Frutos do Mar , Água
9.
Adv Food Nutr Res ; 102: 275-339, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064295

RESUMO

Plant-derived bioactive compounds have been extensively studied and used within food industry for the last few decades. Those compounds have been used to extend the shelf-life and improve physico-chemical and sensory properties on food products. They have also been used as nutraceuticals due to broad range of potential health-promoting properties. Unlike the synthetic additives, the natural plant-derived compounds are more acceptable and often regarded as safer by the consumers. This chapter summarizes the extraction methods and sources of those plant-derived bioactives as well as recent findings in relation to their health-promoting properties, including cardio-protective, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic, immuno-modulatory and neuro-protective properties. In addition, the impact of applying those plant-derived compounds on seafood products is also investigated by reviewing the recent studies on their use as anti-microbial, anti-oxidant, coloring and flavoring agents as well as freshness indicators. Moreover, the current limitations of the use of plant-derived bioactive compounds as well as future prospects are discussed. The discoveries show high potential of those compounds and the possibility to apply on many different seafood. The compounds can be applied as individual while more and more studies are showing synergetic effect when those compounds are used in combination providing new important research possibilities.


Assuntos
Compostos Orgânicos , Plantas , Anti-Inflamatórios , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Indústria Alimentícia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Plantas/química , Alimentos Marinhos
10.
Adv Food Nutr Res ; 102: 47-92, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064296

RESUMO

Fermented foods are of great importance for their role in preserving nutrients and enriching the human diet. Fermentation ensures longer shelf life and microbiological safety of food. Natural bioactive compounds have been paid attention as nutraceuticals or functional ingredients, which have health-promoting components since polysaccharides, especially chitosan, chitin and their derivatives, are biocompatible and biodegradable, biorenewable, without toxic properties and environmentally friendly. They have been applied in several fields such as medicine, agriculture, and food industry. This chapter provides information on polysaccharides obtained from crustacean as bioactive compounds as well as their effects in fermented foods.


Assuntos
Alimentos Fermentados , Fermentação , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Humanos , Polissacarídeos , Alimentos Marinhos
11.
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 142(12)2022 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês, Norueguês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36066224

RESUMO

Crab meat is a popular seafood, but it sometimes contains large amounts of environmental toxins. The content is so high in many places in Norway that consumption of brown crab meat should generally be discouraged.


Assuntos
Braquiúros , Metais Pesados , Animais , Humanos , Carne/análise , Metais Pesados/efeitos adversos , Alimentos Marinhos
12.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0275290, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36174038

RESUMO

Predicting the export price of shrimp is important for Vietnam's fisheries. It not only promotes product quality but also helps policy makers determine strategies to develop the national shrimp industry. Competition in global markets is considered to be an important factor, one that significantly influences price. In this study, we predicted trends in the export price of Vietnamese shrimp based on competitive information from six leading exporters (China, India, Indonesia, Thailand, Ecuador, and Chile) who, alongside Vietnam, also export shrimp to the US. The prediction was based on a dataset collected from the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and the World Trade Organization (WTO) (May-1995 to May-2019) that included price, required farming certificates, and disease outbreak data. A super learner technique, which combined 10 single algorithms, was used to make predictions in selected base periods (3, 6, 9, and 12 months). It was found that the super learner obtained results in all base periods that were more accurate and stable than any candidate algorithms. The impacts of variables in the predictive model were interpreted by a SHapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP) analysis to determine their influence on the price of Vietnamese exports. The price of Indian, Thai, and Chinese exports highlighted the advantages of being a World Trade Organization member and the disadvantages of the prevalence of shrimp disease in Vietnam, which has had a significant impact on the Vietnamese shrimp export price.


Assuntos
Crustáceos , Alimentos Marinhos , Animais , Asiáticos , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Vietnã
13.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 16296, 2022 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36175476

RESUMO

The muscle of aquatic crustaceans is perishable and susceptible to environmental contamination. Vibrio harveyi is a widely occurring pathogen in aquatic animals. Here, bath treatment with a virulent V. harveyi strain (which was added directly in the rearing water to imitate environmental contamination) isolated from the muscle of the whiteleg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, caused the muscle of Li. vannamei to display a whitish-opaque appearance due to microscopic changes including muscle lysis, muscle fiber damage and microbial colonization. When administered orally by incorporating this isolate in feed (which is an imitation of infection via natural route), rather than direct invasion followed by colonization in the muscle, this isolate indirectly stimulated severe muscle necrosis in Li. vannamei via steering the enrichment of two important (human) pathogens, V. cholerae and V. vulnificus, and one environmental bacterium Pseudomonas oleovorans, based on the meta-taxonomic analyses. In addition to the scientifically proven viral diseases, our research proved that bacterial agents are also capable of causing muscle spoilage in crustaceans via changing the microbial composition, and that the crustaceans might be exploited as the wide-spectrum sensitive bio-detector to indicate the extent of microbial contamination.


Assuntos
Penaeidae , Vibrio cholerae , Vibrio , Animais , Humanos , Lítio , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas , Alimentos Marinhos
14.
BMC Genomics ; 23(1): 676, 2022 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36175832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Manila clam Ruditapesphilippinarum is one of the most economically important marine shellfish. However, the molecular mechanisms of early development in Manila clams are largely unknown. In this study, we collected samples from 13 stages of early development in Manila clam and compared the mRNA expression pattern between samples by RNA-seq techniques. RESULTS: We applied RNA-seq technology to 13 embryonic and larval stages of the Manila clam to identify critical genes and pathways involved in their development and biological characteristics. Important genes associated with different morphologies during the early fertilized egg, cell division, cell differentiation, hatching, and metamorphosis stages were identified. We detected the highest number of differentially expressed genes in the comparison of the pediveliger and single pipe juvenile stages, which is a time when biological characteristics greatly change during metamorphosis. Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis showed that expression levels of microtubule protein-related molecules and Rho genes were upregulated and that GO terms such as ribosome, translation, and organelle were enriched in the early development stages of the Manila clam. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis showed that the foxo, wnt, and transforming growth factor-beta pathways were significantly enriched during early development. These results provide insights into the molecular mechanisms at work during different periods of early development of Manila clams. CONCLUSION: These transcriptomic data provide clues to the molecular mechanisms underlying the development of Manila clam larvae. These results will help to improve Manila clam reproduction and development.


Assuntos
Bivalves , Transcriptoma , Animais , Bivalves/genética , Larva , RNA Mensageiro , Alimentos Marinhos , Fatores de Crescimento Transformadores
15.
Food Res Int ; 160: 111717, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076412

RESUMO

In order to characterize the freshness status of raw material of cooked crayfish products, protein and physicochemical changes were investigated in raw and cooked crayfish from fresh-live state to the early postmortem using Label-free quantification proteomics, total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) and biogenic amines (BAs) analysis. Results showed that the TVB-N and BAs contents in both raw and cooked crayfish remained low levels and no obvious changes were observed within 24 h of postmortem storage at 4 °C. Altogether, six differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were detected in both C6/C0 and C24/C0 groups by proteomics. Furthermore, five among the six DEPs were verified both in cooked and raw crayfish samples by parallel reaction monitoring. Among the six DEPs, "Unigene990_S_0_Gene.8754" changed most significantly with the increasing of postmortem time and not obviously influenced by heating, indicating that "Unigene990_S_0_Gene.8754" may be highly associated to the freshness status of crayfish.


Assuntos
Astacoidea , Proteômica , Animais , Aminas Biogênicas/análise , Culinária , Nitrogênio/análise , Alimentos Marinhos/análise
16.
Molecules ; 27(18)2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36144594

RESUMO

Seafood allergy, mainly induced by fish, shrimp, crab, and shellfish, is a food safety problem worldwide. The non-thermal processing technology provides a new method in reducing seafood allergenicity. Based on the structural and antigenic properties of allergenic proteins, this review introduces current methods for a comprehensive analysis of the allergenicity changes of seafood allergens induced by non-thermal processing. The IgE-binding capacities/immunoreactivity of seafood allergens are reduced by the loss of conformation during non-thermal processing. Concretely, the destruction of native structure includes degradation, aggregation, uncoiling, unfolding, folding, and exposure, leading to masking of the epitopes. Moreover, most studies rely on IgE-mediated assays to evaluate the allergenic potential of seafood protein. This is not convincing enough to assess the effect of novel food processing techniques. Thus, further studies must be conducted with functional assays, in vivo assays, animal trials, simulated digestion, and intestinal microflora to strengthen the evidence. It also enables us to better identify the effects of non-thermal processing treatment, which would help further analyze its mechanism.


Assuntos
Alérgenos , Braquiúros , Animais , Epitopos , Imunoglobulina E/metabolismo , Alimentos Marinhos
17.
Analyst ; 147(19): 4379-4388, 2022 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36047472

RESUMO

Raman spectroscopy can be a useful tool for performing non-destructive subsurface measurements, allowing for investigations on intact foods that would otherwise require food products to be prepared for analysis, thus creating food waste, and often requiring the addition of chemicals. To overcome this, we have developed a method to measure the concentration of pigment (astaxanthin) and fatty acids in whole, unfilleted Atlantic salmon through the skin using defocused Raman spectroscopy. Subsurface measurements were performed across different regions of Atlantic salmon. PLS regression of the measured spectra gave a moderate correlation between Raman bands and astaxanthin concentration (R2 = 0.5797) and good correlations for fatty acid concentrations (total, saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, trans; R2 = 0.7457 to 0.8249). This work shows that subsurface Raman measurements can provide useful quantitative information regarding important quality parameters (pigment and fatty acid concentrations) that can aid with production in aquaculture.


Assuntos
Eliminação de Resíduos , Salmo salar , Animais , Carotenoides/análise , Ácidos Graxos , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Xantofilas
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36141898

RESUMO

The Mediterranean diet is a healthy dietary pattern in which fish consumption is an important key element. In Spain, fish intake is the second highest in Europe. Dietary guidelines recommend an intake of 1-3 portions a week of fish. However, Spanish fish sales have been decreasing since 2008. The unexpected pandemic spread of the SARS-CoV-2 in 2020 led the Spanish Government to take restrictive measures that had an impact on people's behavior, including food purchases and consumption. The aim of the study was to analyze purchase data of fish, seafood, and fish products during the lockdown in Spain, using data from loyalty card holders (>5,000,000 participants) from a hypermarket chain in Spain. The results show a 45% increase in the purchase of all types of fish, seafood, and fish products, with the highest increment observed in the retiree (+65 years) as compared to the younger populations. Moreover, the retiree, in spite of the digital divide, were also the ones that most increased online shopping. These data should be considered since events like COVID-19 confinement can have a permanent impact on people's dietary habits, a possibility that should be monitored in the future.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Dieta Mediterrânea , Animais , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Comportamento Alimentar , Produtos Pesqueiros , Peixes , Hábitos , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Alimentos Marinhos , Espanha/epidemiologia
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078530

RESUMO

Antimicrobial resistant (AMR) bacteria in effluents from seafood processing facilities can contribute to the spread of AMR in the natural environment. In this study conducted in Tema, Ghana, a total of 38 effluent samples from two seafood processing facilities were collected during 2021 and 2022, as part of a pilot surveillance project to ascertain the bacterial load, bacterial species and their resistance to 15 antibiotics belonging to the WHO AWaRe group of antibiotics. The bacterial load in the effluent samples ranged from 13-1800 most probable number (MPN)/100 mL. We identified the following bacterial species: E. coli in 31 (82%) samples, K. pneumoniae in 15 (39%) samples, Proteus spp. in 6 (16%) samples, P. aeruginosa in 2 (5%) samples and A. baumannii in 2 (5%) samples. The highest levels of antibiotic resistance (100%) were recorded for ampicillin and cefuroxime among Enterobacteriaceae. The WHO priority pathogens-E. coli (resistant to cefotaxime, ceftazidime and carbapenem) and K.pneumoniae (resistant to ceftriaxone)-were found in 5 (13%) effluent samples. These findings highlight the need for enhanced surveillance to identify the source of AMR and multi-drug resistant bacteria and an adoption of best practices to eliminate these bacteria in the ecosystem of the seafood processing facilities.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Escherichia coli , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Bactérias , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Gana , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Alimentos Marinhos , Organização Mundial da Saúde
20.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 109(3): 431-435, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35916911

RESUMO

The drugs ibuprofen and diclofenac were assessed in vivo on adult females of the estuarine crab Neohelice granulata. In a first, preliminary assay comprising 60-d, a significant (p < 0.05) lower content of total vitellogenic proteins was detected in the ovary at 10 mg/L of each drug. In a second 90-d assay, comprising the exposure of crabs to 5 mg/L of each drug during the entire pre-reproductive period, a significant (p < 0.05) decrease in the proportion of vitellogenic oocytes was observed by effect of diclofenac. The same effect was also observed in a third assay only comprising the last month of the pre-reproductive period, at 5 mg/L of diclofenac, and also at a mixture of both drugs; besides, this mixture significantly (p < 0.05) increased the proportion of reabsorbed vitellogenic oocytes. The obtained results indicate that the effect of diclofenac is critical at the final stage of ovarian maturation, when the participation of prostaglandins is relevant.


Assuntos
Braquiúros , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Braquiúros/metabolismo , Diclofenaco/metabolismo , Diclofenaco/toxicidade , Feminino , Oócitos , Alimentos Marinhos
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