Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 6.334
Filtrar
1.
Se Pu ; 37(9): 946-954, 2019 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642298

RESUMO

A method was established to rapidly determine 20 kinds of veterinary drug residues including three catagories of antibiotics (sulfonamides, quinolones, and chloramphenicols) and two kinds of triphenylmethanes (malachite green (MG) and leucomalachite green (LMG)) in fish and shrimp, based on dispersive solid phase extraction purification-ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The samples were first hydrolyzed using a dipotassium hydrogen phosphate solution, and then extracted using acetonitrile. Afterward, the extraction solution was dehydrated and salted out with sodium chloride and condensed to nearly dry using a rotating evaporator. This residue was dissolved in 1.0 mL methanol. The resulting solution was purified by dispersive solid phase extraction method with C18 and PSA sorbents, and filtered through a filter. The target compounds were separated employing a ZORBAX C18 column. The mass spectrometer datas were acquired by multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) of positive and negative modes and quantitated applying the isotope internal standard method. The 20 veterinary drugs showed a good linear relationship in the range of 0.2-300 µg/L. The limits of detection and the limits of quantification were 0.1-0.6 and 0.3-1.8 µg/kg, respectively, while the correlation coefficients were greater than 0.99. The average recoveries at the three spiked levels (1, 5, and 20 times of quantitative limits) ranged between 72.5%-118%, with the relative standard deviations of 1.9%-9.8%. The advantages of method include a simple pretreatment, a high detection efficiency, and a low cost. Moreover, it is suitable for the simultaneous determination of multiple veterinary drug residues in fish and shrimp.


Assuntos
Resíduos de Drogas/análise , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Drogas Veterinárias/análise , Animais , Antibacterianos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Extração em Fase Sólida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Compostos de Tritil/análise
2.
BMJ ; 366: l4897, 2019 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484644

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of vegetarianism with risks of ischaemic heart disease and stroke. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: The EPIC-Oxford study, a cohort in the United Kingdom with a large proportion of non-meat eaters, recruited across the country between 1993 and 2001. PARTICIPANTS: 48 188 participants with no history of ischaemic heart disease, stroke, or angina (or cardiovascular disease) were classified into three distinct diet groups: meat eaters (participants who consumed meat, regardless of whether they consumed fish, dairy, or eggs; n=24 428), fish eaters (consumed fish but no meat; n=7506), and vegetarians including vegans (n=16 254), based on dietary information collected at baseline, and subsequently around 2010 (n=28 364). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incident cases of ischaemic heart disease and stroke (including ischaemic and haemorrhagic types) identified through record linkage until 2016. RESULTS: Over 18.1 years of follow-up, 2820 cases of ischaemic heart disease and 1072 cases of total stroke (519 ischaemic stroke and 300 haemorrhagic stroke) were recorded. After adjusting for sociodemographic and lifestyle confounders, fish eaters and vegetarians had 13% (hazard ratio 0.87, 95% confidence interval 0.77 to 0.99) and 22% (0.78, 0.70 to 0.87) lower rates of ischaemic heart disease than meat eaters, respectively (P<0.001 for heterogeneity). This difference was equivalent to 10 fewer cases of ischaemic heart disease (95% confidence interval 6.7 to 13.1 fewer) in vegetarians than in meat eaters per 1000 population over 10 years. The associations for ischaemic heart disease were partly attenuated after adjustment for self reported high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, and body mass index (hazard ratio 0.90, 95% confidence interval 0.81 to 1.00 in vegetarians with all adjustments). By contrast, vegetarians had 20% higher rates of total stroke (hazard ratio 1.20, 95% confidence interval 1.02 to 1.40) than meat eaters, equivalent to three more cases of total stroke (95% confidence interval 0.8 to 5.4 more) per 1000 population over 10 years, mostly due to a higher rate of haemorrhagic stroke. The associations for stroke did not attenuate after further adjustment of disease risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: In this prospective cohort in the UK, fish eaters and vegetarians had lower rates of ischaemic heart disease than meat eaters, although vegetarians had higher rates of haemorrhagic and total stroke.


Assuntos
Dieta Vegetariana/efeitos adversos , Comportamento Alimentar , Carne/efeitos adversos , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Animais , Feminino , Peixes , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Alimentos Marinhos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Vegetarianos/estatística & dados numéricos
3.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1155: 249-259, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468404

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate food preference of the elderly for the development of taurine-containing elderly-friendly foods (TEF). The subjects in this study were 278 elderly people who were over 65 years old. All data were collected by face to face interview. Statistical analysis was performed by using SPSS 20.0 for Windows. The 'low-salt diet', 'nutritional enriched diet', and 'swallow able diet' were diets that all subjects preferred. All subjects preferred a diet to be sold as three items in separate packaging, as a semi-cooked type. The food types and cooking methods that showed high preference and had a high intention to purchase were cooked rice, porridges, soups and stews, meat side dishes, fish side dishes, kimchi, and vegetable dishes and steaming Among the taurine-containing foods, whip-arm octopus, manila clam, dried anchovy, flatfish, pollack, laver, green laver, sea tangle, seaweed, cod, croaker, and cutlassfish were the preferred foods of most subjects. Elderly females preferred significantly more squid, octopus, eel, mudfish, and sea cucumber than that of elderly males (p < 0.05). Elderly males preferred and consumed significantly more taurine-supplement than did elderly females (p < 0.05). These results will be used as baseline data for development of a customized TEF for Korean elderly.


Assuntos
Dieta , Preferências Alimentares , Taurina/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Culinária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , República da Coreia , Alimentos Marinhos , Verduras
4.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1155: 323-333, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468411

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlations among taurine-related nutritional knowledge (TNK), taurine intake frequency (TIF), and cognitive function (CF) in Korean elderly. Subjects of this cross-sectional study were 278 elderly persons in Korea without dementia (men 76, women 202). The subjects were divided into two groups: a group with a lower than average TNK score (LAG) and a group with a higher than average TNK score (HAG). Data were obtained via questionnaires and 1: 1 interviews. Correlation analysis available in SPSS 20.0 was used to analyze associations among the three factors. Average TNK score of all subjects was 4 out of 10 points, while that of the LAG (1.9 points) was significantly lower than that of the HAG (6.6 points) (p < 0.001). Average TIF score in the HAG (195.3 points) was significantly higher than that of the LAG (180.8 points) (p < 0.001). Compared to the LAG, the HAG members more frequently consumed foods such as webfoot octopus, whelk, dried anchovy, dried shrimp, mackerel, anglerfish, skate, short-necked clam, shrimp, and dried squid (p < 0.01). There was no significant difference in CF scores between the LAG and HAG. There was positive correlation between TNK and TIF scores in all the subjects (p < 0.01). There was no significant difference, but there was a tendency for a positive correlation, between TNK and CF scores (p = 0.072). These results suggest that nutritional education of the elderly about taurine is needed, and it is strongly recommended that the elderly frequently consume taurine-containing foods and supplements to prevent dementia.


Assuntos
Cognição , Dieta , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Taurina/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , República da Coreia , Alimentos Marinhos
5.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1155: 349-358, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468413

RESUMO

Taurine is a ß-amino acid found most broadly distributed in human body, abundant in animal foods, and has an antioxidative function. Current nutritional intake and dietary habits of children in elementary schools show low level of the intake of vegetable foods and high level of the intake of processed foods and fast foods; this necessitates the emphasis of the intake of antioxidative nutrients for children. On account of the less consumption of vegetable foods as a main source of antioxidative nutrients for elementary school children, animal foods containing abundant amount of taurine can be preferably taken as an alternative foods therefor. Many previous studies have reported the protein intake of the children in elementary schools so far. However, the studies, reported the intake of taurine of elementary school children, are few. Thus, this study analyzed taurine and nutrients intake for children in Daegu, Korea. The average daily energy intake of the children was 153 ± 155 mg/day. The mean taurine intake values are followed; 27.6 ± 11.6 mg/day in the Q1 group, 61.2 ± 10.0 mg/day in the Q2 group, 137.7 ± 51.1 mg/day in the Q3 group, and 385.9 ± 123.6 mg/day in the Q4 group (p < .001). Q3 and Q4 groups showed significantly higher level of the intake of vitamin D, vitamin B12, Calcium, and folate than those of Q1 and Q2 groups. In the study, foods that affected the intake of taurine were as followed; fish and shellfish (79%), meat (14%), seaweed (5%), and other food products (2%).As a consequence, Taurine intake appears to be affected by seafood intake, and if seafood is consumed primarily, the amount of energy intake would be appropriate and will contribute to the increase of intakes of taurine, calcium and vitamin D.


Assuntos
Dieta , Ingestão de Energia , Taurina/administração & dosagem , Cálcio/administração & dosagem , Criança , Humanos , Nutrientes/administração & dosagem , República da Coreia , Alimentos Marinhos , Vitamina D/administração & dosagem
6.
Food Chem ; 301: 125263, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377622

RESUMO

The nutritional and sensory quality of a fish fillet is subject to alterations depending on the culinary method used for preparation. The current study aimed to explore the effects of custom culinary preparation methods (steaming, oven-cooking, frying) on the fillet lipid and sensory quality of two important Mediterranean farmed fish species varying in their tissue fat content. These included, lean meagre and medium-fat gilthead seabream. The results indicated that culinary treatment effects on lipid quality differed among species, especially for frying. Frying created unique sensory profiles, whereas steam- and oven-cooking resulted in similar sensory profiles per species. The variable effects of culinary treatments on the lipid and sensory quality indicate that the choice of preparation method should be related to the fish species and its fat content.


Assuntos
Aquicultura , Lipídeos/análise , Dourada , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Paladar , Animais , Culinária , Especificidade da Espécie
8.
Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi ; 60(3): 52-60, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391411

RESUMO

We developed an analytical method for determining 15 antifungal drugs, 2 antiparasitic drugs, and 3 veterinary drugs in fish and livestock products using LC-MS/MS. First, 50% ethanol was added to their products, and the mixture was homogenized to reduce drug degradation. Thereafter, 20 drugs were extracted from the pretreated sample mixture using acetonitrile. Cleanup was performed using an alumina-N SPE cartridge. Finally, chromatographic separation was performed using a fully porous octadecyl silanized silica column. The new method is applicable to fish in which the matrix hampers accurate analysis. It was validated on 8 fish and livestock products. Drug recovery rates ranged from 70.2 to 109.3%, RSDs of repeatability were <18.0%, and RSDs of within-laboratory reproducibility were <18.7%. It fulfills the Japanese guideline criteria. The limits of quantification were estimated as 3 ng/g.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/análise , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Carne/análise , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Drogas Veterinárias/análise , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
9.
Science ; 365(6452): 443-444, 2019 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371598
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31287378

RESUMO

A rapid and sensitive ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method, in conjunction with multiwalled carbon nanotube purification, was developed to determine the mefentrifluconazole levels in grapes, cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, wheat, maize, eggs, milk, pork, chicken, and fish. After purification, tandem mass spectrometry of mefentrifluconazole required <3.0 min. Matrix-matched external standard curves were used to quantify the residual mefentrifluconazole. The method meets the requirements of the European Union Document SANTE/11813/2017. Quantification was linear between 5 and 500 µg/kg (R2 ≥ 0.9988), and both the intra- and interday relative standard deviations were ≤13.7%. Analyte recovery ranged from 81.5% to 107.6%. The limit of mefentrifluconazole quantification was 5 µg/kg for all matrices. The method successfully detected and quantified mefentrifluconazole that had been applied to cucumbers and tomatoes grown in a test field. These results imply that the proposed method is effective and reliable for detecting mefentrifluconazole residues in plant- and animal-derived foods.


Assuntos
Fluconazol/análogos & derivados , Fluconazol/análise , Análise de Alimentos , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Animais , Capsicum/química , Galinhas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cucumis sativus/química , Ovos/análise , Peixes , Lycopersicon esculentum/química , Leite/química , Carne Vermelha/análise , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Fatores de Tempo , Triticum/química , Vitis/química , Zea mays/química
11.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 182: 109435, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326728

RESUMO

Aliphatic hydrocarbon levels were determined by the GC/MS technique in fish livers of Engraulis encrasicolus (Ee) and Trachurus trachurus (Tt), collected from a particular area of the Mediterranean Sea, called GSA 10, which is located exactly in Tyrrhenian Sea between Campania coast and North Sicily coast. The aim was to evaluate their potential use as specific bioindicators towards this class of contaminants. Both Tt and Ee are considered to be pollution monitoring bioindicators, due to their dominance in marine communities and economic fishing interest. Ee showed a higher tendency to bioaccumulate TAHs, due to the lower quantity of fatty acids in liver tissues with respect to Tt. The area under study has been characterised a) chemically with the acquisition of temperature, oxygen and salinity profiles along the water column, and b) ecologically with the determination of amino acid contents in fish eyes, in order to gain information on the adaptation to environmental changes. Moreover, specific activities of two hydrolytic enzymes, such as alkaline phosphatase and peroxidase in fish epidermal mucus, together with lactate in blood plasma and cortisol levels, have been investigated for the first time, in order to obtain insights into the effects of hydrocarbons on animal welfare. A multiple co-inertia analysis was also applied to chemical and environmental parameters, in order to explore any possible correlation between different variables. The multivariate approach showed a clear spatial distribution between environmental and chemical variables in Ee, whilst there was an absence of a spatial trend in Tt. Moreover, the chemometric analysis showed a very high correlation between amino acid profiles and environmental variables for both species, confirming the possibility of being used as ecological welfare indices for short-term environmental variations.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Poluição da Água/estatística & dados numéricos , Animais , Biomarcadores Ambientais , Pesqueiros , Mar Mediterrâneo , Análise Multivariada , Alimentos Marinhos , Sicília
12.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 182: 109440, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31336228

RESUMO

Mercury, and particularly its organic form, methylmercury (MeHg), is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant with documented dosage-dependent adverse effects on endpoints spanning many levels of biological organization. However, relatively little is known about the sublethal impacts of environmentally-relevant exposures on behavioral characteristics that may impact predator-prey relationships, and thus the potential for Hg bioaccumulation within food webs due to behavioral impairments. This study investigated the potential for dietary mercury exposure to impair two behavioral outcomes in the highly invasive rusty crayfish, Faxonius rusticus, which are expected to influence interactions with their fish predators: the tail-flip escape response and chelae pinch strength. Field-caught animals were randomly assigned to four dietary treatments with mean (±1 SE) dry-weight total Hg (THg) concentrations of 3.52 ±â€¯0.57, 114.01 ±â€¯4.05, 274.10 ±â€¯0.38, and 565.79 ±â€¯1.33 ng/g in the control, low, moderate and high exposure treatments, respectively, for 16 weeks. After initial observations, exposures began and mass and behavior were measured every two weeks. At the end of the experiment, THg concentrations in tail muscle tissue were significantly higher in the high exposure treatment than in the control and low exposure treatments (Tukey's HSD, family-wise α = 0.05). Exposure-dependent declines in survival, mass, pinch strength, or tail-flip escape response velocity were not detected within the 12- to 16-week experimental exposure period, which represents one season of the crayfish's 3-4 year lifespan. This suggests that crayfish may be relatively tolerant of dietary exposure to sublethal concentrations of mercury within a single season. Further investigation of the physiological underpinnings of this tolerance is warranted.


Assuntos
Astacoidea/fisiologia , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mercúrio/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Cyprinidae , Dieta , Exposição Dietética , Exposição Ambiental , Peixes , Cadeia Alimentar , Mercúrio/análise , Compostos de Metilmercúrio , Músculos/química , Alimentos Marinhos
13.
Food Chem ; 300: 125175, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323606

RESUMO

Despite the ban of nitrofurans (NFs) for use in food production in many countries in the 1990s, NF metabolites in food are still regularly detected during import control testing. We have developed a confirmatory routine method for the detection and quantification of NF metabolites in seafood using LC-MS/MS and validated the method according to the strict criteria in European legislation and Codex Alimentarius. Method characteristics were found to fulfill the criteria. We report for the first time a new false positive for 1-amino-2,4-imidazolidinedione (AHD), the metabolite of Nitrofurantoin (NFT). By using optimized washing procedures, the non tissue bound false positives can be minimized. The results from the validation on both lean and fatty fish and crustaceans, results from proficiency tests and routine use over many years, demonstrates that the method is fit for purpose to determine NF metabolites in the seafood category.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Nitrofurantoína/análise , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Animais , Reações Falso-Positivas , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Técnicas de Diluição do Indicador , Nitrofurantoína/metabolismo
15.
Environ Pollut ; 252(Pt B): 1448-1454, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31265955

RESUMO

The Keban Reservoir, which is the second man-made waterbody in Turkey, has the biggest rainbow trout production in the country. In this study, the impacts of rainbow trout farms on water and sediment chemistry were investigated. Water and sediment samples were taken at distances of 0, 10, 25, 50 and 100 m from the edge of the cages at the three fish farms, and at the respective reference stations. Samples were also taken at 0 m stations and reference stations in the late August when there were no fish in the cages. Physico-chemical variables and trace metals were analysed in all samples. Due to likely high dilution rates and recycling processes in the water column of the reservoir, little changes in the water quality parameters associated with wastes of the fish farms were noticed. When compared with those in the sediment samples at the stations near the edge of cages, the lower concentrations of total phosphorus (TP), total nitrogen (TN), organic matter (OM), total carbon (TC), sulfide (S2-), arsenic (As), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn) and zinc (Zn), and higher values of redox potential (Eh) were found at the reference stations. According to organic enrichment classification based on S2- and Eh values, sediments of the three fish farms in the period when there were fish in the cages fell into the oxic category, whereas sediments in the August (no fish farming activity) fell into the normal category. Also, it was found in the August that most of sediment quality parameters at the 0 m stations had close values to those at the reference stations. These results revealed that a three-month period when there were no fish in the cages allows for sediments to return to reference station conditions.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Pesqueiros , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Água/química , Animais , Arsênico/análise , Carbono/análise , Cobre/análise , Fazendas , Peixes , Nitrogênio/análise , Oncorhynchus mykiss , Fósforo/análise , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Oligoelementos/análise , Turquia , Qualidade da Água , Zinco/análise
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 690: 760-767, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302541

RESUMO

Despite the growing popularity of bottom-up fishery management schemes not all socio-ecological systems respond well to this approach. Unfortunately, due to the heterogeneous nature of socio-ecological systems and lack of long-term, place-based studies we have yet to disentangle the impact of social attributes on their sustainability. The gooseneck barnacle fishery in Asturias, a fishery with a long-standing tradition of bottom-up management schemes and a plethora of spatially explicit data, provides a unique opportunity to test the effect of social attributes on 7, heterogeneous, co-managed, Territorial Use Rights for Fishing (TURFs) areas. We developed an integrated index that reflects the sustainability of each individual Asturian TURF on 2 key spheres of the total environment: biosphere and anthroposphere. Additionally, we carried out detailed surveys to assess both user and governance social attributes in each TURF. The effect of these attributes on the sustainability index was assessed using Linear Regression Analysis, One Way Analysis of Variance and Analysis of Covariance. According to our results, social factors are key drivers for the sustainability of a bottom-up management system. Additionally, bottom-up management schemes promote strong governance social attributes but can be systematically weakened if user-defined social attributes are lacking. Fortunately, user-defined attributes tend to be linked and can have a compensating effect, as was the case in Asturias were conflict resolution mechanisms and strong leadership were able to compensate for low cooperation within the TURFs. Thus, social attributes must be considered when assessing the suitability or sustainability of bottom-up management schemes.


Assuntos
Pesqueiros , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos , Ecossistema , Alimentos Marinhos , Fatores Sociológicos
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(29): e16486, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335713

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Esophageal foreign body is a commonly seen in China. However, pseudoaneurysm of the aortic arch caused by ingestion of fish bones is a rare, life-threatening condition. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 71-year-old male was admitted to the Ear, Nose, and Throat department with a 4-day history of chest pain after eating fish. DIAGNOSES: After taking out the fish bone by rigid endoscopy, magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography angiography (CTA) scans revealed the presence of an aortic arch pseudoaneurysm, which was likely caused by the fish bone. INTERVENTIONS: A successful endovascular graft exclusion surgery was performed to block the aorta ulcer. OUTCOMES: The patient recovered and was discharged 20 days after hospitalization. The patient was healthy and had no fever or chest pain 4 months after discharge from the hospital. LESSONS: Esophageal foreign bodies may lead to life-threatening impairment of the aorta or other big arteries. When esophageal foreign bodies puncture the esophageal wall, especially in the second stenosis of the esophagus, an enhanced-contrast computed tomography scan or a CTA scan may be necessary to exclude any potential impairment of the arteries.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Aorta Torácica , Doenças da Aorta/etiologia , Esôfago/lesões , Corpos Estranhos/complicações , Alimentos Marinhos/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Falso Aneurisma/cirurgia , Animais , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Osso e Ossos , Esofagoscopia , Esôfago/diagnóstico por imagem , Esôfago/cirurgia , Corpos Estranhos/diagnóstico por imagem , Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(29): 8253-8267, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31294564

RESUMO

The study focused on the determination of arsenic species in the top ten most consumed seafoods in the United States. Fifty-four samples were collected from local supermarkets, and their species identities were confirmed by DNA barcoding. The total arsenic in the samples varied greatly in the range of 8-22200 ng/g (wet mass). Speciation analysis based on extraction of water-soluble and nonpolar arsenic showed that inorganic arsenic (iAs) was found only in clams and crabs, while arsenobetaine (AsB) predominates in most samples. Among the other arsenicals, trimethylarsoniopropionate (TMAP) was found in most matrices with higher concentrations in crabs, and arsenosugars existed in most clams and crabs. Nonpolar arsenic accounted for 1-46% of the total arsenic in the samples. The accuracy of the analytical results was evaluated using standard reference materials and spike recovery tests. The survey showed that the iAs concentrations in America's most consumed seafood products are much lower than the tolerable intake set by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee, even at the highest levels found in this study.


Assuntos
Arsênico/química , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Animais , Bivalves/química , Braquiúros/química , Qualidade de Produtos para o Consumidor , Contaminação de Alimentos/economia , Contaminação de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Espectrometria de Massas , Alimentos Marinhos/economia , Estados Unidos
20.
Environ Monit Assess ; 191(8): 493, 2019 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300901

RESUMO

Clarias gariepinus (African catfish) and Oreochromis niloticus (Tilapia fish) from the right North bank of the Senegal River in Mauritania (Rosso, Boghé, and Kaédi) were sampled during 1-year monitoring and tested for lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and mercury (Hg) levels. Fishing from the Senegal River is an essential source of food for the local population and these two species are the most common. Muscle presents higher Hg concentrations than liver and gills for both species. Gill Hg concentrations from Kaédi are higher than Boghé and Rosso for both species. The Cd levels measured in gills were low in the different locations and revealed high variation throughout the 1-year study. No significant differences were observed between concentrations of Cd in Clarias gariepinus and Oreochromis niloticus parts. Statistical treatment did not show a considerable variation of Pb concentration between the different parts, revealing lower levels in gills from Boghé than the ones from Kaédi and Rosso. The associated human health risk was calculated from the concentration levels using the target hazard quotient (THQ) approach. Even though all the THQ values and the hazard index were lower than 1 for the determined trace metals when the exposure frequency was not greater than three times a week, eating frequency in the studied locations sometimes is greater than five, thus posing a health risk, especially at Kaédi and Boghé.


Assuntos
Peixes-Gato/metabolismo , Ciclídeos/metabolismo , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Metais Pesados/análise , Rios/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Animais , Brânquias/química , Humanos , Fígado/química , Mauritânia , Músculos/química , Medição de Risco , Alimentos Marinhos/análise
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA