Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 755
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
mSphere ; 5(1)2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996418

RESUMO

The vast majority of microbes inhabiting oligotrophic shallow subsurface soil environments have not been isolated or studied under controlled laboratory conditions. In part, the challenges associated with isolating shallow subsurface microbes may persist because microbes in deeper soils are adapted to low nutrient availability or quality. Here, we use high-throughput dilution-to-extinction culturing to isolate shallow subsurface microbes from a conifer forest in Arizona, USA. We hypothesized that the concentration of heterotrophic substrates in microbiological growth medium would affect which microbial taxa were culturable from these soils. To test this, we diluted cells extracted from soil into one of two custom-designed defined growth media that differed by 100-fold in the concentration of amino acids and organic carbon. Across the two media, we isolated a total of 133 pure cultures, all of which were classified as Actinobacteria or Alphaproteobacteria The substrate availability dictated which actinobacterial phylotypes were culturable but had no significant effect on the culturability of Alphaproteobacteria We isolated cultures that were representative of the most abundant phylotype in the soil microbial community (Bradyrhizobium spp.) and representatives of five of the top 10 most abundant Actinobacteria phylotypes, including Nocardioides spp., Mycobacterium spp., and several other phylogenetically divergent lineages. Flow cytometry of nucleic acid-stained cells showed that cultures isolated on low-substrate medium had significantly lower nucleic acid fluorescence than those isolated on high-substrate medium. These results show that dilution-to-extinction is an effective method to isolate abundant soil microbes and that the concentration of substrates in culture medium influences the culturability of specific microbial lineages.IMPORTANCE Isolating environmental microbes and studying their physiology under controlled conditions are essential aspects of understanding their ecology. Subsurface ecosystems are typically nutrient-poor environments that harbor diverse microbial communities-the majority of which are thus far uncultured. In this study, we use modified high-throughput cultivation methods to isolate subsurface soil microbes. We show that a component of whether a microbe is culturable from subsurface soils is the concentration of growth substrates in the culture medium. Our results offer new insight into technical approaches and growth medium design that can be used to access the uncultured diversity of soil microbes.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Meios de Cultura/química , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Alphaproteobacteria/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Arizona , Técnicas Bacteriológicas , Centrifugação , Florestas , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 680-686, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675287

RESUMO

A salt-tolerant, Gram-negative, rod-shaped and yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated strain AY-3RT, was isolated from rhizosphere soil of a desert xerophyte, Haloxylon ammodendron, sampled at Badain Jaran Desert, Alxa region, Inner Mongolia, PR China. Growth of this strain was observed at 20-42 °C (optimum, 28-30 °C), at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 6.0-7.0) and at 0-8 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3 %). Results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain AY-3RT was a member of the genus Altererythrobacter, with the highest similarity to Altererythrobacter aerophilus Ery1T (97.6 %), followed by Altererythrobacter xinjiangensis S3-63T (96.9 %). The predominant fatty acids (>10.0 %) were C18 : 1ω7c, C17 : 1ω6c and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c). The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, sphingoglycolipid and one unknown polar lipid. The predominant respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain AY-3RT was 66.3 mol%. On the basis of the data from this polyphasic taxonomic study, strain AY-3RT represents a novel species of the genus Altererythrobacter, named Altererythrobacter rhizovicinus sp. nov. (=MCCC 1K03572T=KCTC 72280T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Chenopodiaceae/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 327-333, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592760

RESUMO

An oval- to rod-shaped, motile, Gram-stain-negative, oxidase-positive, catalase-negative, pink-coloured phototrophic bacterium (designated as strain JA968T) was isolated from an estuary near Pata, Gujarat, India. Cells had an intracytoplasmic membrane architecture as lamellae and divided by budding. Strain JA968T had bacteriochlorophyll-a and spirilloxanthin series carotenoids as photosynthetic pigments. The strain exhibited photolithoautotrophic, photoorganoheterotrophic and chemoorganoheterotrophic growth modes and required thiamine as a growth factor. Strain JA968T had C18 : 1ω7c/C18  : 1ω6c as the predominant fatty acid with ubiquinone-10 (Q-10) and menaquinone-10 (MK-10) forming the quinone composition. The genomic DNA G+C content of the strain was 63.5 mol%. Pairwise comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain JA968T was highly similar to Afifella marina DSM 2698T (99.9 %) and Afifella pfennigii DSM 17143T (98.4 %). The average nucleotide identity values were 92 % between strain JA968T and A. marina DSM 2698T, and 78 % between strain JA968T and A. pfennigii DSM 17143T. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain JA968T and A. marina and A. pfennigii were 49 and 19 %, respectively. The genomic distinction was also supported by differences in phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics. We propose that strain JA968T represents a new species of the genus Afifella with the name Afifella aestuarii sp. nov. The type strain is JA968T (=KCTC 15634T=NBRC 113338T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Estuários , Filogenia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacterioclorofila A/química , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Índia , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fotossíntese , Processos Fototróficos , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química , Vitamina K 2/química , Xantofilas/química
4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 373-379, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613738

RESUMO

A novel alphaproteobacterium, strain WS11T, was isolated from a deep-sea sediment sample collected from the New Britain Trench. The full-length 16S rRNA gene of strain WS11T had the highest sequence similarity of 97.6 % to Rhizobium subbaraonis JC85T, followed by Mycoplana ramosa DSM 7292T (96.9 %) and Rhizobium azooxidifex Po 20/26T (96.8 %). Phylogenetic analysis of concatenated 16S rRNA, atpD and recA gene sequences showed that strain WS11T was deeply separated from the species within the family Rhizobiaceae. Phylogenomic analysis based on the whole-genome protein sequences showed that strain WS11T formed an independent monophyletic branch in the family Rhizobiaceae, paralleled with the species in the families Brucellaceae and Phyllobacteriaceae within the order Rhizobiales. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, oxidase- and catalase-positive, and aerobic short rods (1.5-2.4×0.9-1.0 µm). Growth was observed at salinities ranging from 0 to 5% (optimum, 1 %), from pH 6.5 to 9 (optimum, pH 7) and at temperatures between 20 and 30 °C (optimum, 28 °C). Strain WS11T was piezotolerant, growing optimally at 0.1 MPa (range 0.1-70 MPa). The main fatty acid was summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c/C18  : 1 ω 6c). The sole respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10 (Q-10). The predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylcholine, two unidentified aminophospholipids and an unidentified phospholipid. The genome size was about 4.36 Mbp and the G+C content was 62.3 mol%. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data show that strain WS11T represents a novel species of a novel genus in the family Rhizobiaceae, for which the name Georhizobium profundi gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed (type strain WS11T=MCCC 1K03498T=KCTC 62439T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(12): 3716-3722, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592754

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile, aerobic, catalase-negative and oxidase-positive bacterium, designated strain Sn-9-2T, was isolated from a cave soil sample collected from Tiandong cave, Guizhou Province, south-west PR China. Growth occurred at 15-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-8.0) and with 0-1 % NaCl (w/v). The predominant respiration quinone was ubiquinone-10 (Q-10). The major cellular fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c or C18 : 1ω6c; 83.9 %) and C16 : 0 (5.8 %). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified phospholipids, two unidentified glycolipids, two unidentified polar lipids and one unidentified aminolipid. The DNA G+C content of strain Sn-9-2T was 67.5 mol%. Based on the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the nearest phylogenetic neighbours of strain Sn-9-2T (MF958452) were identified as Aquabacter spiritensis (FR733686) DSM 9035T (97.5 %), Xanthobacter autorophicus (jgi.1053054) DSM 432T (97.2 %) and Xanthobacter tagetidis ATCC 700314T RCTF01000015 (96.9 %). The average nucleotide identity values were 78.0, 77.4 and 77.6 % and the digital DNA-DNA hybridization values were 21.8, 22.0 and 18.8 % between strain Sn-9-2T and A. spiritensis DSM 9035T, X. autotrophicus DSM 432T and X. tagetidis DSM 11105T, respectively. The DNA-DNA hybridization data indicated that strain Sn-9-2T represented a novel genomic species. On the basis of the results of phylogenetic analysis, chemotaxonomic data, physiological characteristics and DNA-DNA hybridization data, strain Sn-9-2T should represent a novel species of the genus Aquabacter, for which the name Aquabactercavernae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Sn-9-2T (=KCTC 62308T=CCTCC AB 2018270T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Cavernas/microbiologia , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(12): 3830-3836, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502947

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-spore-forming, non-motile, short-rod-shaped and aerobic bacterial strain (designated lm1T) was isolated from propylene oxide saponification wastewater activated sludge obtained from a wastewater treatment facility in Binzhou (Shandong province, PR China). Strain lm1T grew between 15 and 45 °C (optimum, 40 °C). The pH range for growth was at pH 4.0-10.0 (optimum growth at pH 8.0). The range of NaCl concentration for the growth of strain lm1T was 0-4.0 % (w/v), with optimum growth at 1.0-2.0 % (w/v). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain lm1T belonged to the genus Rhodoligotrophos and was closely related to Rhodoligotrophos appendicifer JCM 16873T (96.7 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) and Rhodoligotrophosjinshengii CCTCC AB2013083T (96.2 %). The average nucleotide identity value and the digital DNA-DNA hybridization value between strain lm1T and R. appendicifer JCM 16873T were 73.4 and 14.3 %, respectively. The major cellular fatty acids of strain lm1T were C19 : 0cyclo ω8c, C18 : 1ω7c and C16 : 0. Strain lm1T contained Q-10 as the predominant respiratory quinone. The polar lipid profile was composed of phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, diphosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified aminolipids, one unidentified glycolipid and five unknown lipids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 64.4 mol%. Based on polyphasic taxonomic data, strain lm1T could be classified as a representative of a novel species of the genus Rhodoligotrophos, for which the name Rhodoligotrophosdefluvii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is lm1T (=CCTCC AB2019071T=KCTC 72156T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Esgotos/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química , Águas Residuárias/microbiologia
7.
J Microbiol ; 57(11): 976-981, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31555990

RESUMO

A novel, Gram-stain-negative marine bacterium, designated GH2-6T, was isolated from a rhizosphere mudflat of a halophyte (Carex scabrifolia) collected in Gangwha Island, the Republic of Korea. The cells of the organism were strictly aerobic, oxidase- and catalase-positive, non-flagellated rods. Growth occurred at 20-45°C, pH 5-10, and 0.5-9 (w/v) NaCl. The requirement of Na+ for growth (0.5-3%) was observed. The major respiratory quinone was Q-10. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, an aminolipid and a glycolipid. The predominant fatty acids were C18:1ω7c, C18:0, C16:0, C19:0 cyclo ω8c, C18:1ω7c 11-methyl and summed feature 2 (C14:0 3-OH and/or C16:1 iso I). The genome size was 4.45 Mb and the G+C content of the genomic DNA was 61.9 mol%. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain GH2-6T belonged to genus Martelella and formed a tight cluster with M. radicis BM5-7T and M. endophytica YC6887T. Levels of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between the novel isolate and members of the genus were 99.3-95.5%, but strain GH2-6T possessed an extended loop (49 nucleotides in length) between positions 187 and 213 of the 16S rRNA gene sequence (E. coli numbering). DDH values in vitro between the novel isolate and the closest relatives were 23.2±12.8-46.3±5.2%. On the basis of polyphasic data presented in this study, the type strain GH2-6T (= KACC 19403T = KCTC 62125T = NBRC 113212T) represents a novel species of the genus Martelella for which the name Martelella lutilitoris sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/genética , Alphaproteobacteria/fisiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Escherichia coli/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Ilhas , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Plantas Tolerantes a Sal , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(12): 3837-3842, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556866

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-negative, facultative anaerobic chemoheterotrophic, pink-coloured, rod-shaped and non-motile bacterial strains, PAMC 29128 and PAMC 29148T, were isolated from lichen. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strains PAMC 29128 and PAMC 29148T belong to lichen-associated Rhizobiales-1 (LAR1), an uncultured phylogenetic lineage of the order Rhizobiales and the most closely related genera were Methylocapsa (<93.9 %) and Methylosinus (<93.8 %). The results of phylogenomic and genomic relatedness analyses also showed that strains PAMC 29128 and PAMC 29148T were clearly distinguished from other species in the order Rhizobiales with average nucleotide identity values of <71.4 % and genome-to-genome distance values of <22.7 %. Genomic analysis revealed that strains PAMC 29128 and PAMC 29148T did not contain genes involved in atmospheric nitrogen fixation or utilization of carbon compounds such as methane and methanol. Strains PAMC 29128 and PAMC 29148T were able to utilize certain monosaccharides, disaccharides, sugar alcohols and other organic compounds as a sole carbon source. The major fatty acids (>10 %) were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c; 33.7-39.7 %), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C 16:1 ω6c; 25.2-25.4 %) and C19 :0 cyclo ω8c (11.9-15.4 %). The major respiratory quinone was Q-10. The genomic DNA G+C contents of PAMC 29128 and PAMC 29148T were 63.0 and 63.1 mol%, respectively. Their distinct phylogenetic position and some physiological characteristics support the proposal of Lichenihabitans gen. nov., with the type species Lichenihabitans psoromatis sp. nov. (type strain, PAMC 29148T=KCCM 43293T=JCM 33311T). Lichenihabitantaceae fam. nov. is also proposed.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Líquens/microbiologia , Filogenia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Regiões Antárticas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
9.
Avian Pathol ; 48(sup1): S52-S59, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267762

RESUMO

The poultry red mite (PRM), Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer, 1778), is a worldwide distributed ectoparasite and considered a major pest affecting the laying hen industry in Europe. Based on available information in other ectoparasites, the mite microbiome might participate in several biological processes and the acquisition, maintenance and transmission of pathogens. However, little is known about the role of PRM as a mechanical carrier or a biological vector in the transmission of pathogenic bacteria. Herein, we used a metaproteomics approach to characterize the alphaproteobacteria in the microbiota of PRM, and variations in its profile with ectoparasite development (nymphs vs. adults) and feeding (unfed vs. fed). The results showed that the bacterial community associated with D. gallinae was mainly composed of environmental and commensal bacteria. Putative symbiotic bacteria of the genera Wolbachia, C. Tokpelaia and Sphingomonas were identified, together with potential pathogenic bacteria of the genera Inquilinus, Neorickettsia and Roseomonas. Significant differences in the composition of alphaproteobacterial microbiota were associated with mite development and feeding, suggesting that bacteria have functional implications in metabolic pathways associated with blood feeding. These results support the use of metaproteomics for the characterization of alphaproteobacteria associated with the D. gallinae microbiota that could provide relevant information for the understanding of mite-host interactions and the development of potential control interventions. Research highlights Metaproteomics is a valid approach for microbiome characterization in ectoparasites. Alphaproteobacteria putative bacterial symbionts were identified in D. gallinae. Mite development and feeding were related to variations in bacterial community. Potentially pathogenic bacteria were identified in mite microbiota.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Galinhas/parasitologia , Microbiota , Ácaros/microbiologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/parasitologia , Animais , Feminino , Proteômica
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(8): 2547-2554, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215860

RESUMO

A novel endophytic bacterium, designated strain SX2RGS8T, was isolated from the surface-sterilized roots of an endangered medicinal plant (Ferula sinkiangensis K. M. Shen) collected from Xinjiang, north-western PR China. The taxonomic position of the candidate was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Strain SX2RGS8T was found to be aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, oxidase-negative, catalase-positive and axiolitic-shaped. Strain SX2RGS8T grew at 4-45 °C (optimum, 28 °C), pH 4.0-10.0 (pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0-5 % (w/v) NaCl. The polar lipids detected for strain SX2RGS8T were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol, unidentified phosphoglycolipids, an unidentified phospholipid and unidentified lipids. The major respiratory quinone of strain SX2RGS8T was ubiquinone 10 and the major fatty acid was summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c). The DNA G+C content was determined to be 66.5 mol%. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the isolate belonged to the family Erythrobacteraceae and showed 99.2 % (Porphyrobacter mercurialis), 95.5 % (Porphyrobacter donghaensisi) and 95.4 % (Porphyrobacter colymbi) similarities to its closest relatives. The isolate contained carotenoids, but no bacteriochlorophyll a. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic data, strain SX2RGS8T represents a novel species of a novel genus in the family Erythrobacteraceae, for which the name Croceibacterium ferulae gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SX2RGS8T (=CGMCC 1.16402T=KCTC 62090T). In addition, Porphyrobacter mercurialis Coil et al. 2016 is proposed to be transferred to this new genus as Croceibacterium mercuriale comb. nov.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Ferula/microbiologia , Filogenia , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Espécies em Perigo de Extinção , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Plantas Medicinais/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(8): 2571-2576, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31225791

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, flagellated, rod-shaped bacterial strain, SM1705T, was isolated from a surface seawater sample collected from the South China Sea. The strain grew at 10-40 °C and with 0.5-13.0 % (w/v) NaCl. It hydrolysed Tweens 20, 40 and 60, but did not hydrolyse starch or Tween 80 nor reduce nitrate to nitrite. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain SM1705T was affiliated with the genus Parvularcula, sharing the highest sequence similarity (96.0 %) with type strain of Parvularcula bermudensis and forming a coherent branch together with the latter within the clade of Parvularcula. The major cellular fatty acids were identified as summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c), C16 : 0 and C18 : 0. Polar lipids included three unidentified glycolipids and one unidentified lipid. The major respiratory quinone of strain SM1705T was Q10. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain SM1705T was 59.3 mol%. Based on the polyphasic evidence presented in this paper, strain SM1705T represents a novel Parvularcula species, for which the name Parvularcula marina sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SM1705T (=KCTC 62795T=MCCC 1K03505T=CCTCC AB 2018345T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
13.
J Microbiol ; 57(8): 676-687, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201724

RESUMO

Strain IMCC1322 was isolated from a surface water sample from the East Sea of Korea. Based on 16S rRNA analysis, IMCC1322 was found to belong to the OCS28 sub-clade of SAR116. The cells appeared as short vibrioids in logarithmic-phase culture, and elongated spirals during incubation with mitomycin or in aged culture. Growth characteristics of strain IMCC1322 were further evaluated based on genomic information; proteorhodopsin (PR), carbon monoxide dehydrogenase, and dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP)-utilizing enzymes. IMCC1322 PR was characterized as a functional retinylidene protein that acts as a light-driven proton pump in the cytoplasmic membrane. However, the PR-dependent phototrophic potential of strain IMCC1322 was only observed under CO-inhibited and nutrient-limited culture conditions. A DMSP-enhanced growth response was observed in addition to cultures grown on C1 compounds like methanol, formate, and methane sulfonate. Strain IMCC1322 cultivation analysis revealed biogeochemical processes characteristic of the SAR116 group, a dominant member of the microbial community in euphotic regions of the ocean. The polyphasic taxonomy of strain IMCC1322 is given as Candidatus Puniceispirillum marinum, and was confirmed by chemotaxonomic tests, in addition to 16S rRNA phylogeny and cultivation analyses.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rodopsinas Microbianas , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Alphaproteobacteria/genética , Alphaproteobacteria/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana/métodos , DNA Bacteriano/genética , República da Coreia , Rodopsinas Microbianas/química , Rodopsinas Microbianas/metabolismo , Compostos de Sulfônio/metabolismo , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma/métodos
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(8): 2233-2238, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199230

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, oxidase-positive, motile, dimorphic rod bacterium, with a polar flagellum or a polar prostheca, designated as strain WD6-1T, was isolated from a sediment sample collected from a marine solar saltern located in Weihai, PR China. Growth of strain WD6-1T was observed at 15-45 °C (optimum, 37-40 °C). The pH range for growth was pH 6.0-9.5 (optimum, pH 7.0-7.5) while the NaCl concentration was 1.0-16.0 % (w/v; optimum, 5.0 %). The most closely related species was Marinicauda algicola (97.0 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). The DNA G+C content of strain WD6-1T was 69.5 mol% and the sole respiratory quinone was ubiquinone 10 (Q-10). The major cellular fatty acids (>10 %) of strain WD6-1T included summed feature 8 (comprising C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c), C18 : 0 and C17 : 0, and the major polar lipids were glucuronopyranosyldiglyceride, monoglycosyldiglyceride and sulfo-quinovosyl diacylglycerol. Based on the results of phylogenetic, genotypic and phenotypic analyses, the isolate is representative of a new member of the genus Marinicauda, for which the name Marinicaudasalina sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is WD6-1T (=KCTC 62348T=MCCC 1H00282T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
15.
Curr Microbiol ; 76(9): 988-994, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172271

RESUMO

Qipengyuania sediminis CGMCC 1.12928T, a family member of Erythrobacteraceae, the class of Alphaproteobacteria, was isolated from a borehole sediment sample collected from Qiangtang Basin in Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, the largest permafrost in China. Understanding bacterial molecular feature may shed light on the ecological strategy in the extreme environment. Here we describe the complete genome sequence and annotation of strain CGMCC 1.12928T, including the complete genome sequence and annotation. The genome of strain CGMCC 1.12928T consist of a single-circular chromosome, comprises 2,416,000 bp with an average G + C content of 66.7 mol%, and contains 2414 genes; including 2367 CDSs, 44 tRNA genes, as well as one operon of 16S-23S-5S rRNA genes. Genomic properties indicated that strain CGMCC 1.12928T has a relatively smaller genome size and higher G + C content within the family Erythrobacteraceae. In addition, genomic analysis revealed its genome contains multiple function genes responsible for nitrogen, sulfur and phosphorus cycles and explained the cold adaption mechanism. Thus, this strain plays an active role in the biogeochemical cycle in cold niche. The whole-genome of this isolate will widen our understanding of the ecological role of the genus Qipengyuania in permafrost.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Genoma Bacteriano , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Adaptação Fisiológica , Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Alphaproteobacteria/genética , Alphaproteobacteria/fisiologia , Composição de Bases , China , Temperatura Baixa , DNA Bacteriano , Óperon , Pergelissolo/microbiologia , Filogenia , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
16.
J Microbiol ; 57(8): 655-660, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31187415

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, aerobic, short-rod-shaped, motile (with a terminal flagellum), non-spore-forming bacterium, designated strain 85T, was isolated from a surface-sterilized bark of Sonneratia caseolaris collected from Qinzhou in Guangxi, China and was analyzed using a polyphasic approach to determine its taxonomic position. Strain 85T grew optimally in the presence of 1-2% (w/v) NaCl at 30°C and pH 6.0-7.0. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence suggested that strain 85T belonged to the genus Fulvimarina and shared the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Fulvimarina pelagi HTCC2506T (96.16%). The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid and ubiquinone Q-10 was the predominant respiratory lipoquinone. The polar lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, an unidentified amino lipid, three unidentified phospholipids and six unidentified lipids. The major fatty acid was C18:1ω7c. The DNA G+C content of strain 85T was 65.4 mol%, and the average nucleotide identity and estimated DDH values between strain 85T and the type strain of Fulvimarina pelagi HTCC2506T were 77.3% and 21.7%, respectively. Based on the phylogenetic, phenotypic, and chemotaxonomic analyses, strain 85T should be considered as a novel species of the genus Fulvimarina with the proposed name Fulvimarina endophytica sp. nov., and its type strain is 85T (= KCTC 62717T = CGMCC 1.13665T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Endófitos/classificação , Lythraceae/microbiologia , Casca de Planta/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/genética , Alphaproteobacteria/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana/métodos , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Endófitos/genética , Endófitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Endófitos/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma/métodos
17.
J Antibiot (Tokyo) ; 72(8): 634-639, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118481

RESUMO

A new catecholate-containing siderophore, labrenzbactin (1), was isolated from the fermentation broth of a coral-associated bacterium Labrenzia sp. The structure and absolute configuration of 1 was determined by spectroscopic methods and Marfey's analysis. Overall, 1 showed antimicrobial activity against Ralstonia solanacearum SUPP1541 and Micrococcus luteus ATCC9341 with MIC values of 25 and 50 µg ml-1, respectively, and cytotoxicity against P388 murine leukemia cells with an IC50 of 13 µM.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/química , Antozoários/microbiologia , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Catecóis/isolamento & purificação , Oxazóis/isolamento & purificação , Sideróforos/isolamento & purificação , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Catecóis/farmacologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Fermentação , Leucemia P388/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Micrococcus luteus/efeitos dos fármacos , Estrutura Molecular , Oxazóis/farmacologia , Ralstonia/efeitos dos fármacos , Sideróforos/farmacologia
18.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 112(10): 1457-1463, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31089913

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, aerobic, short rodshaped, asporogenous bacterium, designated CBS5Q-3T, was isolated from a surface-sterilised root of Ficus microcarpa Linn. f. collected from Guangxi, China and investigated by a polyphasic approach to determine its taxonomic position. Strain CBS5Q-3T was found to grow optimally with 2% (w/v) NaCl at 30 °C, pH 7.0-8.0. Substrate mycelia and aerial mycelia were not formed, and no diffusible pigments were observed on the media tested. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain CBS5Q-3T is closely related to species of genus Jiella and shares high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 98.1% with Jiella aquimaris JCM 30119T. The average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain CBS5Q-3T and J. aquimaris JCM 30119T were 82.8% and 26.0%, respectively. The DNA G + C content of strain CBS5Q-3T was determined to be 66.5 mol %. The cell wall peptidoglycan was found to contain meso-diaminopimelic acid and ubiquinone Q-10 identified as the respiratory lipoquinone. The polar lipids were found to be comprised of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine and three unidentified aminolipids, while the major fatty acids were identified as C18:1ω7c and cyclo-C19:0ω8c. On the basis of phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, strain CBS5Q-3T can be concluded to represent a novel species of the genus Jiella, for which the name Jiella endophytica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CBS5Q-3T (= JCM 33167T = CGMCC 1.13863T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Ficus/microbiologia , Aerobiose , Alphaproteobacteria/genética , Alphaproteobacteria/fisiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , China , Análise por Conglomerados , Citosol/química , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/análise , Endófitos/classificação , Endófitos/genética , Endófitos/isolamento & purificação , Endófitos/fisiologia , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/análise , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , Pigmentos Biológicos , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Quinonas/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Cloreto de Sódio/metabolismo , Temperatura Ambiente
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(7): 1993-1997, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050622

RESUMO

A novel marine bacterium, designated strain GH1-24T, was isolated from a tidal mudflat sample collected at Gangwha Island, Republic of Korea. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison exhibited that the novel isolate was most closely related to Sneathiella and formed a tight cluster with Sneathiella glossodoripedis JCM 23214T with 98.1 % sequence similarity. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to other Sneathiella species were low: Sneathiella chinensis LMG 23452T (96.1 %) and Sneathiellachungangensis CAU 1294T (95.8 %). Cells of the organism were Gram-reaction-negative, strictly aerobic, catalase- and oxidase-positive, motile rods and showed growth at 0.5-6 % NaCl, 20-42 °C and pH 6.0-8.0. The G+C content of the DNA was 54.9 mol%. The major isoprenoid quinone was Q-10. The major cellular fatty acids were C18 : 1ω7c, C16 : 0 and C19 : 0cyclo ω8c. The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and an unidentified aminophospholipid. The results of phenotypic and phylogenetic analyses and DNA-DNA relatedness studies suggest that the isolate can be a member of a novel species of the genus Sneathiella, for which the name Sneathiellalimimaris sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is GH1-24T (=KCTC 52846T=NBRC 113276T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ilhas , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(7): 1980-1985, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050623

RESUMO

A marine proteobacterium, designated strain GH1-16T, was isolated from a sample of tidal mudflat collected at the seashore of Gangwha Island, Republic of Korea and the taxonomic status was examined by a polyphasic approach. The isolate was Gram-reaction-negative, strictly aerobic, catalase- and oxidase-positive, non-motile, short-rod-shaped and produced yellow-coloured colonies. An absolute requirement for Na+ was observed. The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10. The major polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and sphingoglycolipid. The dominant cellular fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c) and C17 : 1ω6c. The DNA G+C content was 60.6 mol%. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain GH1-16T was closely related to members of the genus Altererythrobacter. The closest relative was Altererythrobacter marensis MSW-14T (97.3 % sequence similarity) followed by Altererythrobacter aquaemixtae JSSK-8T (96.8 %) and Altererythrobacter epoxidivorans JCS350T (96.7 %). The DNA relatedness of strain GH1-16T against its closest relative was 21.8-25.0 %. On the basis of data obtained by a polyphasic taxonomic approach, strain GH1-16T (=KCTC 52845T=NBRC 113275T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Altererythrobacter, for which the name Altererythrobacter lutipelagi sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ilhas , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA