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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492207

RESUMO

A bisphenol A-degrading bacterium, designated as strain H4T, was isolated from surface seawater, which was sampled from the Jiulong River estuary in southeast PR China. Strain H4T is Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, short rod-shaped, lacking bacteriochlorophyll a, motile with multifibrillar stalklike fascicle structures and capable of degrading bisphenol A. Growth of strain H4T was observed at 24-45 °C (optimum, 32 °C), at pH 5.5-9 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in 0-7 % NaCl (optimum, 2 %; w/v) . The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain H4T showed highest similarity to Croceicoccus pelagius Ery9T (98.7 %), Croceicoccus sediminis (98.3 %), Croceicoccus naphthovorans PQ-2T (98.1 %) and Croceicoccus ponticola GM-16T (97.6 %), followed by Croceicoccus marinus E4A9T (96.7 %) and Croceicoccus mobilis Ery22T (96.0 %). Phylogenetic analysis revealed that strain H4T fell within a clade comprising the type strains of Croceicoccus species and formed a phyletic line with them that was distinct from other members of the family Erythrobacteraceae. The sole respiratory quinone was quinone 10 (Q-10). The predominant fatty acids (>5 % of the total fatty acids) of strain H4T were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω6c and/or C18 : 1 ω7c), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω6c and/or C16 : 1 ω7c), C17 : 1 ω6c and C14 : 02-OH. The genomic DNA G+C content was 62.8 mol%. In the polar lipid profile, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified phospholipids, two sphingoglycolipids and three unknown lipids were the major compounds. Based on the genotypic and phenotypic data, strain H4T represents a novel species of the genus Croceicoccus, for which the name Croceicoccus bisphenolivorans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is H4T (=DSM 102182T=MCCC1 K02301T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Compostos Benzidrílicos/metabolismo , Fenóis/metabolismo , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Estuários , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351741

RESUMO

A prosthecate bacterial strain, designated G-192T, was isolated from decaying biomass of a haloalkaliphilic cyanobacterium Geitlerinema sp. Z-T0701. The cells were aerobic, Gram-negative, non-endospore-forming and dimorphic, occurring either as sessile bacteria with a characteristic stalk or as motile flagellated cells. The strain utilized a limited range of substrates, mostly peptonaceous, but was able to degrade whole proteins. Growth occurred at 5-46 °C (optimum, 35-40 °C), pH 7.3-10.3 (optimum, pH 8.0-9.0), 0-14 % NaCl (v/w; optimum, 2.0-6.0 %, v/w). The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain G-192T was 66.8%. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain G-192T formed a distinct evolutionary lineage within the family Hyphomonadaceae. Strain G-192T showed the highest 16S rRNA sequence similarity to Glycocaulis profundi ZYF765T (95.2%), Oceanicaulis stylophorae GISW-4T (94.2%) and Marinicauda salina WD6-1T (95.5%). The major cellular fatty acids (>5% of the total) were C18:1 ω9c, C18:0 and 11-methyl-C18:1 ω7c. The major polar lipids were glycolipids and phospholipids. The only respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10 (Q-10). Based on polyphasic results including phylogenomic data, the novel strain could be distinguished from other genera, which suggests that strain G-192T represents a novel species of a new genus, for which the name Alkalicaulis satelles gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is G-192T (=VKM B-3306T=KCTC 72746T). The strain is the first representative of the stalked bacteria associated with a haloalkaliphilic cyanobacterium. Based on phylogenomic indices and phenotypic data, it is proposed to evolve two novel families Maricaulaceae fam. nov. and Robiginitomaculaceae fam. nov. out of the current family Hyphomonadaceae. In addition, it is proposed to place the first two families in the novel order Maricaulales ord. nov. and novel order Hyphomonadales ord. nov. is proposed to accommodate the family Hyphomonadaceae.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Cianobactérias , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Laboratórios , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4691-4697, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32697185

RESUMO

Strain MEBiC09520T, which was isolated from a tidal sediment in Incheon, Korea, is a pale yellow, rod-shaped bacterium, cells of which are 0.4-0.5 µm in width and 1.5-2 µm in length. Strain MEBiC09520T shared 95.17 and 92.57% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Emcibacter nanhaiensis and E. congregatus, respectively. It grew optimally at pH 6.0, at 55 °C and with 2.5-3.5% (w/v) NaCl. Its polar lipid components included phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), an unidentified phospholipid (PL), three unidentified aminolipids (ALs) and two unidentified lipids (L). The fatty acids C16:0, C19:0 cyclo ω8c, C14:0 2-OH and summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c and/or C18:1ω6c) were predominantly present in its cell wall. Strain MEBiC09520T was thermophilic, while E. nanhaiensis and E. congregatus were mesophilic. Although E. nanhaiensis showed no nitrate reduction activity, MEBiC09520T and E. congregatus showed a positive reaction. These strains differed in carbohydrate utilization. In particular, E. congregatus was able to thrive on various carbohydrate substrates as compared to the other strains. The average nucleotide identity value was 69.92% between strain MEBiC09520T and E. congregatus ZYLT, 70.38% between E. congregatus ZYLT and E. nanhaiensis HTCJW17T, and 72.83% between strain MEBiC09520 and E. nanhaiensis HTCJW17T. Considering these differences, strain MEBiC09520T (=KCCM 43320T=MCCC 1K03920T) is suggested to represent and novel species of a new genus, Luteithermobacter gelatinilyticus gen. nov., sp. nov., and E. congregatus should be reclassified as Paremcibacter congregatus gen. nov., comb. nov.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
4.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(10): 2655-2661, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32715322

RESUMO

A Gram stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, short, rod-shaped bacterial strain CAU 1482T was isolated from coal mine wastewater in Hongcheon, Korea. It grew well at 30 °C, pH 8.5, 2% NaCl (w/v). 16S rRNA-based phylogeny indicated that CAU 1482T forms a distinct lineage within Aureimonas with high similarity to Aureimonas frigidaquae CW5T (98.2%), Aureimonas altamirensis S21BT (98.0%), and Aureimonas glaciei B5-2T (96.3%). The predominant cellular fatty acids were C18:1 2-OH, C16:0, C18:1 ω7c, and/or C18:1 ω6c (summed feature 8), with Q-10 as the major isoprenoid quinone. The polar lipid profile comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, two unidentified aminolipids, and three unidentified lipids. The 3.9-Mb genome included 8 contigs and 3599 protein-coding genes with a 56.7 mol% G + C content. Average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strain CAU 1482T and closely related strains of A. frigidaquae CW5T and A. altamirensis S21BT were 72.2‒72.4% and 18.7‒18.8%, respectively. These phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic data support CAU 1482T as a novel Aureimonas species, for which the name Aureimonas fodinaquatilis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CAU 1482T (= KCTC 62995T = NBRC 113692T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Águas Residuárias/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/genética , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , Carvão Mineral , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Especificidade da Espécie
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4345-4350, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32584750

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated strain 40Bstr34T, isolated from a sediment sample from the West Pacific Ocean, was taxonomically characterized by using a polyphasic approach. The strain was phylogenetically close to Jiella aquimaris LZB041T and Jiella endophytica CBS5Q-3T, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 98.5 and 97.1 %, respectively. The genome of strain 40Bstr34T featured a G+C content of 65.7 % for a 5.8 Mb chromosome. Up-to-date bacterial core gene set analysis revealed that strain 40Bstr34T represents one independent lineage with J.aquimaris LZB041T. In silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain 40Bstr34T and its phylogenetic neighbours ranged from 30.3-34.2 %, below the cutoff of 70 %. In addition, the corresponding average nucleotide identity values were between 81.8-83.7 %, which are lower than 95 % threshold. The predominant cellular fatty acids of strain 40Bstr34T were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω6c and/or C18 : 1 ω7c), cyclo-C19 : 0 ω8c and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, and ubiquinone-10 as the predominant respiratory quinone. The major polar lipids included phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, two unidentified aminolipids and two unidentified lipids. Based on the results of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genetic analyses, strain 40Bstr34T is identified as representing a novel species of the genus Jiella for which the name Jiella pacifica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 40Bstr34T (=JCM 33903T=MCCC 1K04569T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
6.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(7): 1939-1944, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32451593

RESUMO

One motile strain designated, YIM DR1026T was isolated from the roots of Psammosilene tunicoides collected from Gejiu, Yunnan province, China. The cells of strain YIM DR1026T were Gram-negative and short-rod shaped. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain YIM DR1026T was a member of the genus Aureimonas and closely related to Aureimonas rubiginis (96.7%). DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain YIM 1026T and Aureimonas rubiginis BCRC 80440T was 38.2 ± 1.5%. The ANI value between YIM DR1026T and other Aureimonas members were below the cut-off level (95-96%) recommended as the average nucleotide identity (ANI) criterion for interspecies identity. Strain YIM DR1026T grew at 4-30 °C (optimum 28 °C), pH 4.0-9.0 (optimum pH 6.0-7.0) and tolerated NaCl (w/v) up to 1% (optimum 0%). Q-10 was sole the respiratory ubiquinone present in YIM DR1026T. Polar lipids of strain YIM DR1026T were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol, unidentified aminolipid and unidentified polar lipid. The genomic G + C content was 64.6 mol%. The major fatty acids were C18:1ω7c, C16:0 and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c/C16:1ω6c). Based on phenotypic, phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and genome comparison, strain YIM DR1026T represents a novel species of the genus Aureimonas, for which the name Aureimonas psammosilene sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM DR1026T (= KCTC 42691T = NBRC 112412T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Caryophyllaceae/microbiologia , Filogenia , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/genética , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Fosfolipídeos/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Especificidade da Espécie
7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3824-3831, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32469705

RESUMO

A novel marine bacterium, designated strain 216LB-ZA1-12T, was isolated from a Penaeus vannamei aquaculture seawater sample. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain 216LB-ZA1-12T belonged to the genus Sneathiella, with the highest sequence similarity to Sneathiella glossodoripedis MKT133T (97.7 %), followed by Sneathiella limimaris GH1-24T (97.0 %), Sneathiella chungangensis CAU 1294T (96.6 %) and Sneathiella chinensis LMG 23452T (96.1 %). The average nucleotide identity and the DNA-DNA hybridization estimate values between strain 216LB-ZA1-12T and four close type strains were between 69.2-71.3% and 16.7-17.8 %, respectively. The bacterium was Gram-stain-negative, facultatively anaerobic, oxidase and catalase positive, oval- to rod-shaped, and motile. Growth was observed at pH 7-9, salinities of 1-15% and temperatures of 4-42 °C. The G+C content of the chromosomal DNA was 48.50 mol%. The major respiratory quinone was determined to be Q-10. The principal fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c/ω6c) and C16 : 0. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine and aminophospholipid. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data show that strain 216LB-ZA1-12T represents a novel species within the genus Sneathiella, for which the name Sneathiella aquimaris sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain 216LB-ZA1-12T (=MCCC 1A14570T=KCTC 72144T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Aquicultura , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Penaeidae , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 6746, 2020 04 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32317769

RESUMO

With the increase in iron/steel production, the higher volume of by-products (slag) generated necessitates its efficient recycling. Because the Linz-Donawitz (LD) slag is rich in silicon (Si) and other fertilizer components, we aim to evaluate the impact of the LD slag amendment on soil quality (by measuring soil physicochemical and biological properties), plant nutrient uptake, and strengthens correlations between nutrient uptake and soil bacterial communities. We used 16 S rRNA illumine sequencing to study soil bacterial community and APIZYM assay to study soil enzymes involved in C, N, and P cycling. The LD slag was applied at 2 Mg ha-1 to Japonica and Indica rice cultivated under flooded conditions. The LD slag amendment significantly improved soil pH, plant photosynthesis, soil nutrient availability, and the crop yield, irrespective of cultivars. It significantly increased N, P, and Si uptake of rice straw. The slag amendment enhanced soil microbial biomass, soil enzyme activities and enriched certain bacterial taxa featuring copiotrophic lifestyles and having the potential role for ecosystem services provided to the benefit of the plant. The study evidenced that the short-term LD slag amendment in rice cropping systems is useful to improve soil physicochemical and biological status, and the crop yield.


Assuntos
Fertilizantes/análise , Consórcios Microbianos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oryza/efeitos dos fármacos , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Resíduos/análise , Actinobacteria/classificação , Actinobacteria/genética , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Alphaproteobacteria/genética , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Betaproteobacteria/classificação , Betaproteobacteria/genética , Betaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Ciclo do Carbono/fisiologia , Deltaproteobacteria/classificação , Deltaproteobacteria/genética , Deltaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Firmicutes/classificação , Firmicutes/genética , Firmicutes/isolamento & purificação , Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Gammaproteobacteria/genética , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Ferro/metabolismo , Ferro/farmacologia , Metalurgia/métodos , Consórcios Microbianos/fisiologia , Ciclo do Nitrogênio/fisiologia , Oryza/microbiologia , Oryza/fisiologia , Fósforo/fisiologia , Fotossíntese/fisiologia , Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Raízes de Plantas/fisiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Silício/metabolismo , Silício/farmacologia , Solo/química , Microbiologia do Solo , Aço/química
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(4): 2632-2639, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134376

RESUMO

A coccobacilli-shaped proteobacterium, designated strain SYSU XM001T, was isolated from an activated sludge sample collected from JiMei sewage treatment plant, Xiamen, PR China. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain SYSU XM001T shared less than 92 % sequence identities with members of the class Alphaproteobacteria, with highest sequence similarity to Aquidulcibacter paucihalophilus TH1-2T (91.6 %; family Hyphomonadaceae, order Rhodobacterales). The strain exhibited growth at 25-37 °C, pH 7.0-9.0 and in the presence of up to 1 % (w/v) NaCl. Its chemotaxonomic features included ubiquinone-10 as the respiratory isoprenologue, iso-C16 : 0, 10-methyl C16 : 0 TSBA and anteiso-C17 : 0 as major cellular fatty acids and monoglycosyldiglyceride, glucuronopyranosyldiglyceride and two unidentified glycolipids as the main polar lipids. The DNA G+C content was determined to be 62.9 % (draft genome). Analyses of the phylogenetic data and differences in the chemotaxonomic and biochemical features from related genera in the family Hyphomonadaceae indicated that strain SYSU XM001T merits representation of a novel species of a novel genus, for which the name Vitreimonas flagellata gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Vitreimonas flagellata is SYSU XM001T (=CGMCC 1.16661T=KCTC 62915T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Esgotos/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(4): 2298-2304, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043955

RESUMO

A novel thermotolerant bacterial strain was isolated from a hot spring in a Tibetan geothermal field. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the novel strain showed that it belongs to a distinct lineage far from any known taxa. The new isolate shared the highest pairwise sequence identity with Phreatobacter cathodiphilus S-12T (92.8 % similarity) according to the 16S rRNA gene sequences. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped and formed white round colonies. The strain grew at the ranges of 28-45 °C (optimum, 37 °C), pH 5.0-7.0 (optimum, pH 6.0) and 0-2 % NaCl. The strain was positive for catalase and oxidase. The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone Q-10. Polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylcholine. The major fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c). The DNA G+C content was 68.3 mol%. Based on these distinguishing properties, this strain is proposed to represent a new species of a new genus Rhabdaerophilum calidifontis gen. nov., sp. nov., within a new family Rhabdaerophilaceae fam. nov. The type strain of the type species of Rhabdaerophilum calidifontis is SYSU G02060T (=KCTC 72351T=CGMCC 1.17070T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Fontes Termais/microbiologia , Filogenia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tibet , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
11.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0228936, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32084150

RESUMO

A total of fifteen potential methyl t-butyl ether (MtBE)-degrading bacterial strains were isolated from contaminated soil. They have been identified as belonging to the genera Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Kocuria, Janibacter, Starkeya, Bosea, Mycolicibacterium, and Rhodovarius. Bacillus aryabhattai R1B, S. novella R8b, and M. mucogenicum R8i were able to grow using MtBE as carbon source, exhibiting different growth behavior and contaminant degradation ability. Their biocontrol ability was tested against various fungal pathogens. Both S. novella R8b and B. aryabhattai were effective in reducing the development of necrotic areas on leaves within 48 hours from Botritys cinerea and Alternaria alternata inoculation. Whereas, M. mucogenicum effectively controlled B. cinerea after 72 hours. Similar results were achieved using Pythium ultimum, in which the application of isolated bacteria increased seed germination. Only M. mucogenicum elicited tomato plants resistance against B. cinerea. This is the first report describing the occurrence of bioremediation and biocontrol activities in M. mucogenicum, B. aryabhattai and S. novella species. The production of maculosin and its antibiotic activity against Rhizoctonia solani has been reported for first time from S. novella. Our results highlight the importance of multidisciplinary approaches to achieve a consistent selection of bacterial strains useful for plant protection and bioremediation purposes.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Biodegradação Ambiental , Éteres Metílicos/toxicidade , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Alphaproteobacteria/metabolismo , Bacillus/isolamento & purificação , Bacillus/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo , Lycopersicon esculentum/microbiologia , Éteres Metílicos/química , Mycobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Mycobacteriaceae/metabolismo , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Rhizoctonia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo
12.
mSphere ; 5(1)2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996418

RESUMO

The vast majority of microbes inhabiting oligotrophic shallow subsurface soil environments have not been isolated or studied under controlled laboratory conditions. In part, the challenges associated with isolating shallow subsurface microbes may persist because microbes in deeper soils are adapted to low nutrient availability or quality. Here, we use high-throughput dilution-to-extinction culturing to isolate shallow subsurface microbes from a conifer forest in Arizona, USA. We hypothesized that the concentration of heterotrophic substrates in microbiological growth medium would affect which microbial taxa were culturable from these soils. To test this, we diluted cells extracted from soil into one of two custom-designed defined growth media that differed by 100-fold in the concentration of amino acids and organic carbon. Across the two media, we isolated a total of 133 pure cultures, all of which were classified as Actinobacteria or Alphaproteobacteria The substrate availability dictated which actinobacterial phylotypes were culturable but had no significant effect on the culturability of Alphaproteobacteria We isolated cultures that were representative of the most abundant phylotype in the soil microbial community (Bradyrhizobium spp.) and representatives of five of the top 10 most abundant Actinobacteria phylotypes, including Nocardioides spp., Mycobacterium spp., and several other phylogenetically divergent lineages. Flow cytometry of nucleic acid-stained cells showed that cultures isolated on low-substrate medium had significantly lower nucleic acid fluorescence than those isolated on high-substrate medium. These results show that dilution-to-extinction is an effective method to isolate abundant soil microbes and that the concentration of substrates in culture medium influences the culturability of specific microbial lineages.IMPORTANCE Isolating environmental microbes and studying their physiology under controlled conditions are essential aspects of understanding their ecology. Subsurface ecosystems are typically nutrient-poor environments that harbor diverse microbial communities-the majority of which are thus far uncultured. In this study, we use modified high-throughput cultivation methods to isolate subsurface soil microbes. We show that a component of whether a microbe is culturable from subsurface soils is the concentration of growth substrates in the culture medium. Our results offer new insight into technical approaches and growth medium design that can be used to access the uncultured diversity of soil microbes.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Meios de Cultura/química , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Alphaproteobacteria/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Arizona , Técnicas Bacteriológicas , Centrifugação , Florestas , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
13.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 113(5): 707-717, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31950303

RESUMO

Here we investigated the diversity of bacterial communities from deep-sea surface sediments under influence of asphalt seeps at the Sao Paulo Plateau using next-generation sequencing method. Sampling was performed at North São Paulo Plateau using the human occupied vehicle Shinkai 6500 and her support vessel Yokosuka. The microbial diversity was studied at two surficial sediment layers (0-1 and 1-4 cm) of five samples collected in cores in water depths ranging from 2456 to 2728 m. Bacterial communities were studied through sequencing of 16S rRNA gene on the Ion Torrent platform and clustered in operational taxonomic units. We observed high diversity of bacterial sediment communities as previously described by other studies. When we considered community composition, the most abundant classes were Alphaproteobacteria (27.7%), Acidimicrobiia (20%), Gammaproteobacteria (11.3%) and Deltaproteobacteria (6.6%). Most abundant OTUs at family level were from two uncultured bacteria from Actinomarinales (5.95%) and Kiloniellaceae (3.17%). The unexpected high abundance of Alphaproteobacteria and Acidimicrobiia in our deep-sea microbial communities may be related to the presence of asphalt seep at North São Paulo Plateau, since these bacterial classes contain bacteria that possess the capability of metabolizing hydrocarbon compounds.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Metagenoma , Microbiota/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Alphaproteobacteria/genética , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Biodiversidade , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Deltaproteobacteria/classificação , Deltaproteobacteria/genética , Deltaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Gammaproteobacteria/genética , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Hidrocarbonetos/metabolismo , Metagenômica/métodos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Microbiologia da Água
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(2): 1300-1306, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804917

RESUMO

A Gram-staining-negative, aerobic, curved rod-shaped and thermophilic bacterial strain, designated YIM 72297T, was isolated from a sediment sample collected from a hot spring in Tengchong county, Yunnan province, south-west China. Growth was observed at pH 5.0-9.0 with an optimum of pH 7.0-7.5, and at 45-60 °C with an optimum of 55 °C. Positive for catalase and oxidase. The 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison indicated that strain YIM 72297T was most closely related to Elioraea tepidiphila DSM 17972T (96.9 %) and showed <91 % sequence similarities to members of the order Rhodospirillales. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain YIM 72297T formed a distinct lineage within the genus Elioraea, and revealed that the genus Elioraea formed a novel family-level clade in the order Rhodospirillales. The ANI and the dDNA-DNA hybridization estimate values between strains YIM 72297T and Elioraea tepidiphila DSM 17972T were 70.8 and 20.1 %, respectively. Strain YIM 72297T contained Q-10 as the predominant ubiquinone. The major fatty acids (>5 %) were summed C18 : 0 (35.8 %), summed feature 8 (30.1 %), C16 : 0 (12.6 %), C18 : 1 2OH (5.6 %) and C16 : 0 2OH (5.4 %). The polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylglycerol in addition to two unidentified aminolipids. The DNA G+C content of YIM 72297T was 70.8 mol% (draft genome). On the basis of the polyphasic taxonomic evidence presented in this study, strain YIM 72297T should be classified as representing a novel species of the genus Elioraea, for which the name Elioraea thermophila sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain YIM 72297T (=CCTCC AB 2017169T=KCTC 62323T). In addition, a novel family, Elioraeaceae fam. nov., is proposed to accommodate the genus Elioraea.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Fontes Termais/microbiologia , Filogenia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(2): 1250-1258, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800387

RESUMO

A bacterial strain, designated Sp-1T, was isolated from the heterotrich ciliate Spirostomum yagiui collected from a reservoir located in Ulsan, Republic of Korea. Cells of Sp-1T were Gram stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming, non-motile and contained poly-ß-hydroxybutyrate granules. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that Sp-1T constituted a distinct phylogenetic lineage within different families in the order Rhizobiales with a pairwise sequence similarity of 95 % to the species of the genus Ochrobactrum: Ochrobactrum anthropi ATCC 49188T and Ochrobactrum cytisi ESC1T (family Brucellaceae). The major cellular fatty acids were C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c (44.4 %) and C16 : 0 (32.1 %). The identified sole isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone-10 (Q-10). The major polar lipids produced were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminolipid, two unidentified phospholipids and three unidentified lipids. The genome size was about 5.4 Mbp and the DNA G+C content was 68.2 mol%. Sp-1T exhibited the highest average nucleotide identity value of 76.6 % and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization value of 22.1 % with Pseudoxanthobacter soli DSM 19599T (family Xanthobacteraeae). This strain is distinguishable from closely related members of the order Rhizobiales by its differential phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, genomic and phylogenetic characteristics. On the basis of evidence from polyphasic taxonomic analysis, we concluded that Sp-1T represents a novel species in a novel genus within the order Rhizobiales, for which the name Segnochrobactrum spirostomi gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Sp-1T (=KCTC 62036T=JCM 32162T). We also describe a novel family, Segnochrobactraceae fam. nov., to encompass the proposed novel genus and species.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Cilióforos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
16.
Curr Microbiol ; 77(2): 313-319, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802200

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, motile, aerobic and coccoid rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain YIM132180T, was isolated from a Lepraria sp. lichen collected from Pu'er, Yunnan Province, China. The strain grew at 15-35 °C (optimum, 25-28 °C), at 0-2% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0-1%) and at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0). The 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain YIM132180T had highest similarity (96.4%) with Aureimonas endophytica 2T4P-2-4T, followed by Aureimonas ureilytica NBRC 106430T (95.7%) and Aureimonas rubiginis CC-CFT034T (95.6%). Phylogenetic analysis showed that the strain grouped with species of the genus Aureimonas. The genomic sequence was 4,779,519 bp and contained 4584 coding sequences (CDSs), 54 RNA genes, 3 complete rRNA genes and 47 tRNA genes. The major fatty acids (>10%) of strain YIM132180T were C18:1ω7c, C-16:0 and C19:0 cyclo ω8c. The predominant menaquinone was ubiquinone 10 (Q-10). The polar lipid profile comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, unidentified phospholipid, amino lipid, lipid and most importantly sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol (SQDG). Based on the draft genome sequence, the G +C content of strain YIM132180T was 68.4 mol%. The results of the polyphasic taxonomic study, including phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic analyses, showed that strain YIM132180T represents a novel species of the genus Aureimonas, for which the name Aureimonas leprariae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM 132180T (=KCTC 72462T = CGMCC 1.17389T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Líquens/microbiologia , Filogenia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
17.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 144: 698-704, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31857173

RESUMO

Polyhydroxyalkanoates are microbial polyesters which are considered being biological alternatives to petrochemical polymers. Extremophiles, such as thermophilic PHA producers, hold promise to improve competitiveness of PHA production process. Therefore, this work aimed at isolation of new strains, which could produce PHA under elevated temperature. Since traditional Nile red staining of colonies provided false positive results in thermophiles, we developed a novel strategy of enriching microbial consortia by PHA producers. This so called "osmoselective strategy" is based on application of osmotic challenge by sudden exposition of the mixed microbial culture to hypertonic and subsequently to hypotonic conditions; moreover, this strategy relies on the fact that PHA protect bacteria from negative effects of rapid fluctuations in osmotic pressure. In combination with fast and reliable ATR-FTIR inspection of selected colonies for presence of PHA, we were able to isolate several promising thermophilic or thermotolerant PHA producing strains belonging to the genera Bacillus, Aneurinibacillus and Chelatococcus, which indeed deserves further investigation to evaluate their potential for industrial production of PHA.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Consórcios Microbianos , Poli-Hidroxialcanoatos/química , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Bacillales/isolamento & purificação , Bacillus/isolamento & purificação , Sequência de Bases , Reatores Biológicos , DNA Bacteriano , Fermentação , Temperatura Alta , Osmose , Termotolerância
19.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 113(4): 477-489, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31741189

RESUMO

This study of lichens in the subarctic zone of the northern hemisphere has resulted in the detection of new representatives of the order Rhizobiales. The16S rRNA gene sequence phylogeny placed the strains as a separate branch inside the Rhizobiales clade. Strain RmlP001T exhibits 91.85% similarity to Roseiarcus fermentans strain Pf56T and 91.76% to Beijerinckia doebereinerae strain LMG 2819T, whilst strain RmlP026T is closely related to B. doebereinerae strain LMG 2819T (91.85%) and Microvirga pakistanensis strain NCCP-1258T (91.39%). A whole-genome phylogeny of the strains confirmed their taxonomic positions. The cells of both strains were observed to be Gram-negative, motile rods that multiplied by binary fission. The cells were found to contain poly-ß-hydroxybutyrate and polyphosphate, to grow at pH 3.5-8.0 and 10-30 °C, and could not fix atmospheric nitrogen. Their major cellular fatty acid identified was C18:1ω7c (68-71%) and their DNA G + C contents determined to be 70.5-70.8%. Beta-carotene was identified as their major carotenoid pigment; Q-10 was the only ubiquinone detected. Strains RmlP001T and RmlP026T are distinguishable from related species by the presence of ß-carotene, the absence of C1 metabolism and the ability to grow in the presence of 3.5% NaCl. Based on their phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic features, we propose a novel genus Lichenibacterium and two novel species, Lichenibacterium ramalinae (the type species of the genus) and Lichenibacterium minor, to accommodate these bacteria within the family Lichenibacteriaceae fam. nov. of the order Rhizobiales. The L. ramalinae type strain is RmlP001T (= KCTC 72076T = VKM B-3263T) and the L. minor type strain is RmlP026T (= KCTC 72077T = VKM B-3277T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Líquens/microbiologia , beta Caroteno/biossíntese , Alphaproteobacteria/genética , Alphaproteobacteria/metabolismo , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Genoma Bacteriano , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , RNA Bacteriano/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Especificidade da Espécie
20.
Environ Microbiol ; 22(1): 433-446, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736217

RESUMO

The Laurentian Great Lakes are a vast, interconnected freshwater system spanning strong physicochemical gradients, thus constituting a powerful natural laboratory for addressing fundamental questions about microbial ecology and evolution. We present a comparative analysis of pelagic microbial communities across all five Laurentian Great Lakes, focusing on Bacterial and Archaeal picoplankton characterized via 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing. We collected samples throughout the water column from the major basins of each lake in spring and summer over 2 years. Two oligotypes, classified as LD12 (Alphaproteobacteria) and acI-B1 (Actinobacteria), were among the most abundant in every sample. At the same time, microbial communities showed distinct patterns with depth during summer stratification. Deep hypolimnion samples were frequently dominated by a Chloroflexi oligotype that reached up to 19% relative abundance. Stratified surface communities differed between the colder, less productive upper lakes (Superior, Michigan, Huron) and warmer, more productive lower lakes (Erie, Ontario), in part due to an Actinobacteria oligotype (acI-C2) that averaged 7.7% of sequences in the lower lakes but <0.2% in the upper lakes. Together, our findings suggest that both hydrologic connectivity and local selective pressures shape microbial communities in the Great Lakes and establish a framework for future investigations.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Archaea/isolamento & purificação , Chloroflexi/isolamento & purificação , Lagos/microbiologia , Microbiota/genética , Actinobacteria/classificação , Actinobacteria/genética , Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Alphaproteobacteria/genética , Archaea/classificação , Archaea/genética , Chloroflexi/classificação , Chloroflexi/genética , Michigan , Filogenia , Plâncton/classificação , Plâncton/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
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